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About Weston weekly leader. (Weston, Umatilla County, Or.) 1878-189? | View This Issue
WESTON UMATILLA COUNTS, OREGON, SATURDAY, JUNE 26, L880.
WESTON WEEKLY LEADER.
,W. T. WILLIAMhOX. O. P. M'COLL
; WILUINM)! CU, raMlubcn.
jisi'kd Eveuy Saturday Morxiso,
, AT .
WESTON, UMATILLA COLTfTY OR.
.On. Yew, (coin) J"
Ifxx Moatfas "J
JMoyl CuM 12 CU
Om Iqwr (1 inch) Unit insertion 1 SO
Saab ditUuoaJ mwrtwMi &9
fasikiaam, trst inanition I Oo
ak additional Insertion. 1 04
ThrM Squaraa, fimt insertion 3 So
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iw (outer CoHana, lint insertion. , . 6 SO
Kaca addluanal liwartioa. 3 UO
flaw acWartisars by special contract. Local notirea
It eeata per line fint laertion, 12 eenta per line each
tmqneiit anrtw: Advertising bills payalie quar
terly. - .. .
All leffal MtiaM will be charged 75 eenta per square
rat iraartion, and 17 eatt par square each sutanxiuent
Waeruoa (payaoia aisnutly),
Konoa. Simple announcements of births, marriages
ana aaatna wui M inserted witnout cnanrs. Olntuarr
enargea lor according to length.
Cat WAftaUS4iTX LETTER.
Washixgtoh, D. C. June 5, 1880.
As Congress eould not arrange mat-
ten satisfactorily to adjourn on tho 31st
ol May, all the Republican members who
possibly can, hare left for the Chicago
convention, and there is a perfect dearth
of news of political interest. The at
tention of Congressmen is so absorbed
by the latest news from Chicago, that it
is amusing to see the haste with which
newsboys scramble up the steps of the
Capitol as soon as the afternoon papers
make their appearance. The newsboys
of Washington are composed mainly of
jlittle darkeys, the worst lot of tatter-
Alqaialliona that was ever seen. Their
lung capacity is so great that a bill has
been introduced in Con cross to ore rent
the aewfboys from crying their papers
The CTiriatufhcy aoandal is once more
to- the front in the form of an alimony
of $150 per month and $200 for oounsel
fees. The counsel for the ex-Senator
from Washington, it is stated will aban
don the action foT-divorce-sooner than
. pay th amount. ,,
Another Senator from Michigan, Mr.
Ferry, has been brought into some very
unpleasant notoriety by one of the
Washington morning papers. It stated
that the 15-year-old daughter of a mar
ried couple, stopping at the same hotel,
had eowhided the honorable gentleman
iruiu iuivuigan, aim nau given mm a
black eye. The attentions of the Sena
tor to the mother of the young lady had
been for some time the subject of much
comment in the hotel where all the part
ies were stopping. It is asserted, how-
' ever, that relations of the most friendly
character only existad between the part
ies. The lady in question is a most
' agreeable and entertaining lady of con
siderable wealth, who has traveled ex
tensively, and is provided witli a fund of
reliable information. As both the-f
writer of this article and the family in
question left Washington immediately
after the alleged transaction, the true
in wariness of tho affair is not apparent
Senator Ferry as yet has taken no notice
of the publication above referred to.
The Senate has confirmed by a decis
ive majority, the Hon. Horace Maynard
of Teuncssee, (now Minister to Turkey)
.a ?9tniater General, in place of David
M. Key, who has already been confirmed
as Judge of the Eastern District of Ten
Forty Sioux C'hicftans have arrived in
Washington, tho principal object of their
visit east being to inspect the Indian
schools at Hampton and Carlisle. Among
tho number are Red Cloud and Spotted
. Tail, who are well known as lively agi
tators of tho western frontier. Spotted
Tail has five children at the school at
Car'iaie, and expresses himself as well
pleased at the "progress they have made,
Thero is being a strong effort made to
adjourn Congress on the 10th inst., but
it does not look as though it would be
successful. There is not much business
transacted in either House, the principal
interest being centered in the Chicago
Convention. It is the subject of no lit
tle remark that there is not the Ivast ap
pearance to any excitement in the Cap
ital regarding the Republican nomina
tion. Beyond the usual gathering
around telegraph offices on such occas
ions, there is nothing to indicate any
feeling on the subject now occupying the
attention of the nation. It. U.
Up to the present time we are pre
pared to prove against. General Garfield
the following charges: He is opposed to
restricting the immigration of. Chinese;
he was interested in the De GovW
pavement swindle; he was a "back sal
ary grabber," and accepted stock in the
Credit Mobiler scheme, and then per
jured hi. i jelf concerning it M
The Congreisional Record shows that
Garfield is hostile to any change in the
Burlingame treaty with China by his
vote to kill the bill to restrict Chinese
immigration, and by his ballot afterward
to sustain Hayes veto of the bill, passed
by a Democratic Congress. Upon this
point we challenge .contradiction, as we
do, in fact, respecting all the following
charges. That he was interested in the
Goyler pavement swindle, a short history
of the scheme, taken from an exchange
will amply show: '
In the spring of 1872, Boss Shepherd,
Grant's chief manager of the District of
Columbia colossal lobbery, with millions
in it, awarded to De Goyler and Mo
Clellan, of Chicago, the contract of put
ting down, in Washington City, 200,000
yards ol -wood pavement, at toe enor
mous price of $3 50 per yard. Good,
honest and responsible contractors offer
ed to do the work tor $1 50 per yard,
and the superintendent of the contract
ors himself tu. "equontly stated under
oath that 1 50 was a eood prise.
Hence there was a clear profit or steal of
$2 per yard for every yard in the 200,
000 or the total sum of $400,000. To
get the iniquitous job through Congress
for thVappropriation of it had to be
made, inbney had to be used. Garfield
was cnairman on the committee on ap
propriations. July 12, 1872, as it was
afterward proven before an investigat
ing committee, James A. Garfield took
$5,000 as his share of the corruption
fund to favorably report the appropria
tion. It was a bribe, nothing better,
and no amount of partisan i whitewash
can hide this damning fact
Respecting the charge that he was a
"baok salary grabber," we will condense
a few facts that may easily be found in
full in the records of the House for 1873.
In February of tha.tjrear, Ben Butler
introduced a bill to double, the Fresi
dent's salary, and increase the pay of the
Vice-President, Cabinet officers, J ustices
of the Supreme Court, Senators and
Representatives. It met with disfavor,
but on the last day of the session, when
everything was pell mell and in chaos,
James A. Garfield reported the bill back
to the House with the President's salary
raised from $25,000 to $50,000 a year,
and the Senators and Representatives'
pay increased from $5,000 to $7,500, to
De recKonea two years back:, ibis was
the "back salary grab bill . as it was
then stigmatized, and showed werein
Bold Ben was even oututlered by the
member from Ohio.
The Credit Mobilier swindle, which
has made the administration of General
Grant so nauseus to the country, is one
other of the disgraceful schemes in which
we find the Republican candidate for the
Presidency figuring prominently. ' '
On the 14th day of January, 1873,"
says the San Francisco Examiner, "J as.
A. Garfield, Republican member of
Congress from the Ashtabula Distriot,
Ohio, and now Republican candidate for
President of the United States, made a
statement to a Congressional committee,
in regard to the Credit Mobilier expos
ure, to this eflect: 'I never owned, re
ceived, or agreed to receive any stock of
the Credit Mobilier, or of the Union Pa
cific Railroad, nor any dividend or prof
its arising from either of them.'
Oakes Ames was at that time a mem
ber of Congres from Massachusetts a
Republican, of course. He was a man
of reputed great wealth, a large owner
of Credit Mobilier and Union Pacific
Railroad shares, and a heavy operator
in schemes of the kind. He knew the
use and power of a corruption fund to
move Legislation in a Republican Con
gress, and he was largely engaged in the
applianoe of such a fund in that body.
To quote his well-remembered phrases,
he knew just where to put Credit Mo
bilier and Union Pacific shares, which
were then yielding enormous profit under
favorable legislation at the hands of Con
gress, "where it would do the most
good." On the 23d of January, nine
days after Garfield had made his state
ment, quoted above, to the committee,
Oakes Ames was summoned before the
same committee to tell what he knew in
respect to Representative Jamei A.
Garfield. He submitted av detatWdjaem
oranda of the transactions between him
self and Garfield. Subsequently it was
learned that General Garfield had I visit
ed Oakes Ames and endeavored to. pre
vail upon him to materially modify his
testimony so far as it affected himself,
Garfield. Accordingly, the committee
again called Ames before them, January
29, 18i3, and here is the official report
of the examination which took place: -
Question You may state whether in
conversation with you Mr. Garfield
claimed, as he claimed before 'wy that
the only transaction between you was
borrowing $300 ? -''V-U
Answer No, sir; he did not chum
that-with me y i ""
Question State 11 you know in ref
erence to it
Answer I said he knew very well
that that was a dividend. I made out
a statement and showed lit to him at the
time. In a conversation he admitted it,
and said there was $2,400 due him in
stocks and bonds. He made a! little
memorandum, of $1,000, "and $1,400,
and said there was $1,000 of Union Pa
cific railroad stock, $1,000 of Credit Mo
bilier stock, and $400 of stock and
bonds. ' !
Questiou When was that memoran
dum made ? ? "
Answer It was in my room. I can
not remember the date. Ijwaa since
this investigation commenced.
Question Have you the memoran
dum which Mr. Garfield made 1 I .'
Answer I have the figures that he
made. Here Mr. Ames showed to the
must pass out to the north, west, south
and east With all these blessings we
are satisfied; but there is a duty to be
performed, and one which every one
owes, and that in, to assist each other.
There are hundreds of thousands yea,
millions -who would love to be here and
enjoy these good things if they knew of
their being here when they come. Con
sider for a momeut From the 42 degree
south to the 49 degree northror in other
words 420 miles . from north to&uth,
and 450 east and wec.t, 147,000 square
miles, there is scarcely one person .for
every square mile, including old and
young, and tho Chinese. ; Now, when it
is considered that not mow than one-half
V- this population is enjj'aged in; agri
cultural pursuits, we have the. wonder
ful! fact that we have two square miles
of land for each person; and, again, when
we reason that each settler w ill average
four in the family, there is but one settler
to about every eight miles. Where is
the man that says this paper should not
say, coute to a country that never fails
in her corps, and where health is un
equalled. Rural Spirit.
Patent Medicines, raJiits, T ' '
Aniline Dyes. ' PKls.
i LUBIJTS, LU5DR0RC8 AND RIICVGL'S
PurO Liquors, &1 only on Pliysiciaiiii Prcsoriptioua.
IMPERISAHBLE PAINT AND i ATAUIITIG LEAD, C
A LARGE AND WELL-SELECTED STOCK Of
committee the paper in Mr. Garfield's
own hand-writing. . I
Question You say these figures were
made by Mr. Garfield 1
Answer Yes, sir. .
Question Tliat was his idea of what
was coming to him ?
Answer Yes, sir. "
Oakes Ames afterward showed the
committee his diary with the original
entry in it, where he made over to Jus.
A. Garfield ten shares of Credit ' Mobil
ier, Tuesday, Sept 29, lSeSJChe com
mittee of investigation was composed
mainly . of Republicans, who were dis
posed to be as lenient with their own
party friends as they dared to be. Now,
let some of the Garfield Republican or
gans undertake to explain the matter, or
exculpate their candidate. He was not
only bribed, but he deliberately made a
false statement, with the solemnity of
an oath, to extricate himself.
V School "Books, ; . , . , StatfcMiy,'
. Papeierie, Aftav.'
CLOCKS. WATCHES' A3TD JEWELRY, ...
Elegant Vases, Toilet Mcles and Fancy Mms!
AVBICVLTTKE: THE WEALTH
In all civilized countries of the world
it is held that Agriculture is the basis of
all other interests, and" that the full de
velopment of agricultural resources is the
only guarantee of an enduring prosperity.
When it is considered that all other busi
nesses and enterprises are dependent up
on this ono industry, the intelligent must
recognize its towering head among the
other pursuits of life. Without under
taking any very -elaborate discussion, we
propose in this article to show why we
are entitled to declare that no other
country known to man possesses the aJ-
1 1 -1 . i . i l . t : x j
vantages mat me uortuwen uuuns to aim
does possess. Some months since the
announcement was made in these columns
that we would publish official statistic8
that would prove conclusively that Ore
gon was the most productive of any of
the states of our union in the staples
wheat, oats, barley, rye, corn, hay, pota
toes, ect We have up to this time pub
lished the tabulated comparison of six
consecutive years, and will continue to
publish several more, which clearly prove
that Oregon has the soil and climate to
produce more to the acre than any other
state, and that she has done so notwith
standing her citizen farmers haVo not as
yet attempted the use of fertilizers. First,
then our soil is unequalled. Whereon
God's green earth can be found a country
with soil, timber, grazing land, fisheries,
coal, iron, gold and silver, climate, health,
navigable rivers, and God-created passes
and valleys, through which railroads are
to be, in the near future, constructed; and
lying in the very doorway of trade, which
Westos, Or., June 12, 1880.
Eds. Leader Dear Sirs: I have a cous
iu living in the East, to whom, as you knbw.
I send the Leader. He is of an inquisitive
east of countenance, and is confused iu his
ideas as to what' constitutes a cay use,
would write to him and explain the question,
intricate and scientific as it is only that there
nmy b many of your readvis in Missouri and
other oriental cities that uiny be wrestling
with this highly important subject of political
economy. Therefore, I cnuolente this subject
through the columns of the Leader. The
cay u be is a biped or quadruped, according to
circumstances, In the former of these con
ditions he is a very uninteresting object of
pity and disgust. In fact he is nothing but
an Indian.- Almost every one knows what that
is auiauuaal full. of treachery, laziness and
caiuas a conglomeration that few mission
aries ever leaven with Christianity, but outot
which people who never heard their fiendish
war-hoop make the 'Ted man of the foreu.
and rascally Indian' ageuts a goodly, living.
ia 1 this is all that can be said ot him.
-The quadra pedcaynge ji nuc'1 more use-
f tTaiiimul. - -He is a horie. He is indigenous
to the Pacific Coast, and is not, as some sup
pose, the degenerate descendant of the steeds
of castile ouce set free upon the banks of the
Mississippi river. Neither are the Cayuse
Indians the lineal offspring of Ferdinand de
Soto and his artial train, nor of George
Francis Train, as stated by Gen. Grant be
fore tho Chicago convention. There is no
Spanish blood in Cayuse, man or beast.
Therefore, a cayuse pouy lr indigenous to
this coast The soil of Reservation seems
peculiarly adapted to his prolific production.
They are of all color, from a decided black
to a faded white. Some are varioualy varie
gated. Others are very unreliable iu color.
Iu their natural states, they are male and fe
male. No particular cause cau be assigned
for this. Sometimes, without regard to sex.
color, or previous conditiou of servitude, it is
used as a riding annual. This is all Jlht un
less the cayuse objects. The cayuse itas such
an earnest and emphatic way of expressing
his objections, that all wise men listen to
them with marked attention. The moral
character of the cayuse is good. He is hon
est, hurdvf obstinate, and frugal. From
this it must not be inferred that he is High
land Scotch. : Iu fact, his ancestry is un
known. The line of his desccut is lost in tho
murky mists of the Glacial period. This was
long before Durwiu or Tindall made pie
bald tonies out ef puotoplasm by the agency
of the correlation of force.
. ' ' ' Nacax.
LUasced, Chlea Jtul, Labrlrallng, Lard aa4 Bperaa. . .
Musical Instruments, -.
LAMr mt all sties. 1 RKKA aa fliaaeas lEAH CUM CTHMSEYSa ;
Prescriptions Carefully Comopunded at all hours
Bargains Bargains Bargaina
Wliblsale and Retail. ;
CENTER VI LIE
The undcrslgnd hasboen instructed to sell the WHOLE STCSX
CONSISTING OF, : . . .. .
DRV rS, GROCERIES, CROCKERY ud 4SUACa,
iAr QREAtl,rRlpUDED PRICES,
T. luakv room for a large SPRING 8TOCK, mrtMoiatg
Col.ee, Tea, Sugar, Tobacco ana Cigars a speciality.
Also Coal Oil, Clear as Crystal, Guaranteed Fre$ frpm tW Fcrd;
Substance and Non Explosive.
; Ready Made Clothing at Coot,
Please' call and examine for yourselves before fwytaa
elsewhere. . .
LA. J. i7tfpUaUavnwj,
CESTEitviLE, February 6th, Jg80. - Ageat,
M. V. WORMINaTOET,
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, CROCKERY CLASSVAUE,
Heavy Stock of BOOTS and SHOEO,
rflAL OIL TOBACCO and CIGARS CANNED FRUITS OF ALL KINDS.
Our wool and hides are being shipped
to other countries, for manufacture into
articles of consummation and shipped
back. Our lumber is rotting On the
ground or chopped into firewood, while
nearly overy implement used is imported.
The piiople should mov in some manner
that will attract such attention as in the
end give us factories. We can't stand
the draw. Year after year our crops are
sold and almost every dollar paid out for
such,articles as should be manufactured
within our own borders. Rural Sririt.
Hardware, Iron and Steel.
CLOVES OF ALU KINDS A SPECIALTY
'!-' ' - -AvrA ...
Produce taken in Exchange. - -
The Democratic National Convention
is on us. It would be simply an act of
courtesy to the whole nation, regardless
of politics, to place in nomination for
the presidential chair, Sam. J. Tuden,
the greatest reformer and statesman of
the day. It is a duty the country owes
to itself to rectify, as far as dossible, the
'great wrong- committed four years ago,
and the only way is by re-electmg Tilden.
Comer Main and 3d St, Walla Wall. . :. '
Wholsale and Retail Dealers In -4 I
Dr" Goods ' Fancy Goods, Hotiopo,
CLOTHING BOOTS and SHOES, HATS and CAPS, GROCERIES, tU.
We are in receipt of a . , ... ; A :"..
Bought Previous to the Recent. " -
In all kinds of good-sand wc are therefore prepared to offer
Lower Than the Lowest!
SPECIAL IXDL'CEHEXTS TO CASH BUYERS J "
PARTICULAR ATTENTION PAID TO ORDERS!