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About Beaver State herald. (Gresham and Montavilla, Multnomah Co., Or.) 190?-1914 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 12, 1914)
D. Is Assessed on
HOUSE ACCEPTS John Estate
Approves Features of Immigra
tion Bill 241 to 126.
Bill la Same aa Ona Vetoed by Pres
ident Taft—Applicants Must
Read Test Card.
Washington, D. C.—The Burnett Im
migration bill, prescribing a literacy
teat for applicants to admission to the
United Staton, wao passed by the
house Wednesday afternoon, by a vote
of 241 to 120. All proposed amend
ments relating to the exclusion of Asi
atic immigrants previously hud been
As the bill passed It provides that
every Immigrant admitted to the
United States must be able to read
“the English language, or some other
language or dialect. Including Hebrew
or Yiddish.” It prescribes that each
applicant for admission must read a
slip on which are printed between 30
and 40 words.
In Its present form thia measure
passed the house and the senate In the
last congress, but was vetoed by Pres
ident Taft. A similar bill was vetoed
in President Cleveland's second admin
istration. Supporters of tho bill are
confident it will again pass tho senate, 1
although President Wilson has let it
be known that he does not approve the
the literacy teat '
fought desperately to the last, but on
a last effort to eliminate the test from
the bill they were defeated. 140 to
239. Tho fin id vote came at the end
of a day of vigorous debate, which on
several occasions threatened to cause
Representative Burnett, of Ala
bama, in charge of the bill, tried to
hasten the debate and frequently
moved to proceed and shut off the dis
cussion. On one occasion Representa
tive Manahan, of Minnesota, comment
ed on what he called the unfairness
with which the bill had been driven
Cleveland — John D. Pack er »nd
William Agnew, deputy state taxation
officers for Cuyahoga county, went to
the homo of John D. Rockefeller on
Forest Hill, East Cleveland, Wednes
day, and filed a written demand on
him that ho pay taxes on his personal
property, estimated at 1900,000,000,
into tho treasury of this county.
They contend that under the Warnes
tax law Mr. Rockefeller, by residing
In the county the greater part of the
preceding 12 months, he* made him
self liable to taxation here.
The total of Mr. Rockefeller’s per
sonal pro|>erty is as great aa the en
tire tax duplicate of the county.
The tax officers did not see Mr,
Rockefeller personally, but left a let
ter notifying him of their demands
with members of his household. The
officers place Rockefeller's tax at 312,-
Virgil P. Kline, attorney for Rocke
"Mr. Rockefeller is a legal resident
of the state of New York.
not maintained a residence In Cleve
land for a quarter of a century. He
FRANCIS XAVIER MATTHIEU.
has already paid his taxes for the cur
Noted Pioneer of the Northwest and Last Survivor of Convention of 1843, Who
rent year in New York."
Died on His Old Donation Mnd Claim at Butteville, Or., Feb. 4, Aged 96.
Federate Marshal Troops
to Defense of Torreon
Mexico City—Federal troops are be
ing rushed from Saltillo and San Luis
Potosi to Torreon to assist in its de
fense. General Jose Refugio Velas
co’s command there is said to number
600. General Blanquet, the war min
ister, is authority for the statement
that the federal force sent southwest
has checked the advance of the rebels
The force under General Orozco,
which has been sent north, is expected
to hold back Villa's men.
The rebel movement in the state of
Oaxaca is becoming more active and
the Fifth regiment was dispatched
from here to that section of the coun
Jose Requena and Pedro Villar, who
recently were arrested in connection
with an alleged plot against the gov
ernment, and later released, will leave
Alaflka Steamer I»st;
All on Board Saved Navy Ranks Filled By
Prince Rupert, B. C. — The steam
ship Vadso, of the Union line, Captain
Richardson, sank in Naaoga Gulf,
Portland Canal, at 3:46 a. m. Thurs
day. The boat, en route for Ganby
Bay, in a heavy storm, hit a rock,
sinking in half an hour in 170 fath
oms. Twenty-six persons on board
were all saved, reaching here by the
The skipper's own story of the sink
ing is that the Vadso struck in a wild
storm when it was still dark. The
steamer immediately began to All.
Many of the crew were in their bunks,
and had only time to get a few per
sonal effects and lower away small
boats. All of the freight, including a
big coal shipment, was lost. The sur
vivors reached Arrandale cannery,
where they were picked up.
Eastern Eggs Prove to
Be Chinese Product
San Francisco—The Sonoma County
Poultry Producers' Federation sent a
communication to the San Francisco
board of supervisors requesting that
body to adopt a drastic ordinance
against the use of Chinese eggs ss
food in this city and asking that the
pure food Inspectors be ordered to
seise and dump any Chinese eggs into
the bay if sold in violation of this
regulation when it is adopted.
It is declared that these eggs are
being sold in San Francisco as "East
Civil Supervision Urged.
Washington, D. C.—For the first
time since the Civil War, the enlisted
complement of the navy allowed by
law has been filled and hereafter only
specially qualified applicants for the
navy will be accepted.
Secretary Daniela made thia an
nouncement with some pride.
attributed it to the adoption in the
navy of the general system of educa
tion of the enlisted men; to the popu
larity of the recent European cruise of
the fleet and to the knowledge on the
part of young men of the approaching
cruise of the Atlantic fleet to the San
Ambassodor Sees Bryan.
D. C. — Sir Cecil
Spring-Rice, the British ambassador,
had a long conference Wednesday with
Secretary Bryan regarding the formu
lation of a peace treaty between the
United States and Great Britain simi
lar to those the secretary has already
negotiated with eleven countries, six
of which have actually signed the con
Great Britain has approved Mr.
Bryan's plan in principle. It is not
regarded aa probable, however, that
the provision for stopping the develop
ment of armament for a year, while
international commissions of inquiry
are at work, would be included in a
British-American peace convention.
"Alimony Club" Costly.
New York—Sheriff Max S. Grifen-
hagen, in a report to the board of esti
mates on the cost of maintaining the
Ludlow street jail, the home of the
“alimony club,” declares it would be
cheaper for New York county to pay
the alimony which the prisoners refuse
to pay, allow them their liberty and
close the building, than to continue
the present rate of expenditure. The
sheriff’s report shows that it costa
about |8.60 a day to keep each pris
oner. The jail is full of men delin
quent in their payment of alimony.
Washington, D. C.—Secretary Dan
iels continued his discussion of the
Nation's naval policy before the house
naval affairs committee, outlining the
conduct of the government navy-yards.
Representative Buchanan, of Illi
nois, (inserted that the practice of
placing naval officers as commandants
in navy-yards costa the government
the price of a battleship every year in
Ho urged that civilian
experts be placed in charge of the
Secretary Daniels said the
proposal presented a grave problem.
Mr. Bremner la Sinking.
The secretary again was questioned
—Robert G. Bremner, rep
aa to the relative strength of the navy
compared to the fleets of other powers. resentative in congress from New
Jersey, who had radium valued at
3100,000 placed in a cancer last De
Toll Bill May Go Over.
cember, is dying in a sanitarium here.
Washington, D. C.—After a confer It is announced that complications
ence with President Wilson Senator have arisen and death is a matter of
O’Gorman, one of the chief supporters only a few days, perhaps hours; that
of exemption from tolls for American only the indomitable will of the con
coastwise vessels in the Panama canal, gressman is keeping him alive.
expressed the opinion that the ques
Karluk Life Belt Found.
tion would not be reached during the
Washington, D. C.—A life preserv
doubt,” said the senator, "whether we er bearing the name "Karluk,” the
will do much mor« than pass the trust whaling vessel on which Vilhjalmar
bills, the agricultural extension bill Stefansson, the Artic explorer, sailed,
and the appropriation bills.
Thia is and which was last reported in August
going to be a short session.” The tolls off Point Barrow, the northernmost
point of Alaska, has been washed
provision may be suspended.
ashore at Kivalini, Alaska.
Five Fly 7382 Feet High.
reported to the United States bureau
Chartres, France—M. Garal t the of education by William T. Ix>pp, chief
French aviator, established a new al of the bureau’s Alaska division.
titude record with five passengers, as
cending to a height of 7382 feet. He Ninety-Four Cents Taken; 10 Year»
Fort Madison, la.—Ten years in the
made the flight in a new biplane built
by Paul Schmitt, an engineer, which penitentiary for the theft of seven 12-
had previously reached a height of cent railway tickets and 10 pennies
6000 feet with seven passengers. The was the sentence imposed in the dis
previous record for altitude with five trict court on S. S. Robinson, a negro.
passengers was made last October by Robinson took the tickets and pennies
the Austrian aviator, Sablatnik, who from
Chicago, Burlington &
Quincy railroad offices at Vide, la.
reached an altitude of 8281 feet.
RAILROAD WORK FRANCIS
PIONEER OF NORTHWEST
FOR 3000 NEAR
Two Big Jobs to Be Finished
Soon as Possible.
Eugene to Coos Bay In Oregon, Te
nino Cut-Off In Washington,
Will Employ Many Men.
Portland — Employment for more
than 3000 men will be provided about
March 1 by the operations of a single
Portland concern — that of Porter
Bros., railroad contractors.
Porter Bros, are arranging to re
sume work on the Coos Bay line of the
Southern Pacific between Acme and
Marshfield and on the Tenino cut-off of
the Northern Pacific south of Tacoma.
Both of these projects, which have
been under way for several years,
have been idle on account of the win
About 2500 men will be
employed on the Southern Pacific
work and about 600 men on the North
ern Pacific project.
It is planned to complete the Tenino
line by September 1 and the Northern
Pacific expects to have trains running
over the cut-off soon after that time.
As a direct result of operations at
Tenino the O.-W. lR. & N. company
will begin construction of a new line
between a convenient point on this
cut-off and Olympia.
this work have not been let, but a con
siderable force of men will be em
PRESIDENT WILSON OPPOSES
EXEMPTION FROM TOLLS
Baltimore—President Wilson, in a
letter to William L. Marbury, of this
city, says that the
American coast-wise ships from Pan
ama canal tolls "constitutes a very
mistaken policy from every point of
view and benefits for the present, at
any rate, only a monopoly.”
President also pays a high tribute to
Secretary of State Bryan.
Militant Suffragists Tire
of Rule of Radicate
London — Miss Sylvia Pankhurst
daughter of the militant suffragette
leader, announced her secession from
the Woman's Social and Political un
ion, the militant women's organiza
tion. The East End of London fed
eration, which hitherto has been a
branch of the parent organisation, will
henceforth be entirely independent.
The rift among the militant suffra
gettes is said to be due to Miss Sylvia
pirations, which the leaders of the
Women's Social and Political union
are beginning to believe are damaging
Several of the younger and more
ambitious members of the Women's
Social and Political union view with
unconcealed satisfaction the Pank-
hurst feud, believing that it will end
the autocratic sway the Pankhursts
have exercised over the society since
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Pethic Law
rence were driven out of it last year.
Francis Xavier Matthieu, the most
picturesque link between the old Ore
gon of trading posts and canoes and
the new Oregon of railroads, steam
ships and department stores, died
Wednesday morning at the home of
his daughter, Mrs. Rose Bergevin, at
Butteville, Or. Mr. Matthieu was a
pioneer of 1842, and the sole survivor
of the famous Champoeg convention of
May 2, 1842, when it was voted to
organize an American provisional gov
ernment It was bis vote that decided
the issue and probably saved the great
territory of Oregon, Washington, and
a large part of Montana, Idaho and
California, to the United States, in
stead of allowing it to become a part
of Great Britain.
Mr. Matthieu would have been 96
years old April 2, 1914. He had been
ailing for the past year, but retained
his mental faculties until the end.
COLUMBIA AND SNAKE
Lewibton, Idaho — The Lewiston
Commercial club received the follow
ing letter from Senator Borah:
"I am pleased to acknowledge re
ceipt of your letter of January 23,
calling attention to the importance to
our state of an amendment which it is
understood Senator Chamberlain, of
Oregon, will introduce to a bill that
will seek an appropriation of 350,000
for a survey of the Columbia and
Snake rivers, in connection with a
plan of canalizing the same from nav
through the necessary dam construc
tion, provide for the generation of
electric power. This matter will have
my earnest attention, and I am glad
to have the views of the Lewiston
Commercial club for consideration in
connection with the subject I thank
you for writing me.”
According to an estimate of John H.
Lewis, state engineer for Oregon, the
water power on the Snake river De
tween Lewiston and Huntington is
capable of developing up to 800,000
Protest Moving Liberty Bell.
Philadelphia — Mrs. Cora Rogers
Bieakley, president general of the Na
tional Soceity of the Daughters of the
Revolution, presented Mayor Blanken
burg a petition containing thousands
of names protesting against the re
moval of the Liberty Bell from Inde
Mrs. Bieakley told the mayor that
among the signers were veterans of
the Civil war, university presidents,
professors, bankers and editors.
Mayor Blankenburg is not averse to
sending the Liberty Bell to San Fran
cisco, where it is wanted for the Pan
ama-Pacific International exposition.
Strike Shooting 1« Told.
Notti and Imtructiofu Aom Apriadfuraf Collega and Experiment Stanotte
ei Oregon and Washington. Specially Suitable to Poetik Coati CondiOone
Mushroom Growing Easily
Crop Peat Report la Used Aa
Oregon Agricultural College, Cor
vallis—"Although there is no larger
market for mushrooms than there has
been for some time, there is a renew
ed interest In the subject of growing
mushrooms in commercial quantities,”
says Profesao." A. G. Bouquet, head of
the market gardening section of the
Oregon Agricultural college. “This
renewed interest is shown by the large
number of inquiries received at this
office concerning cost of production.
1 am at a loss to know where all
these prospective growers expect to
market their mushrooms even should
they succeed in growing them success
‘‘Of course it is well enough to
grow a small amount for home use,
but the production of mushrooms in
large commercial lots will have to en
counter the obstacle of limited mar
kets. Mushrooms are a delicacy that
is not relished by everybody alike.
"It is also true that there is a large
supply of natural grown mushrooms
near many of the towns in the Wil
Small patches of
edible mushrooms are found near Cor
vallis, and furnish a source of supply
from which those who are fond of
this delicacy may go and help them
selves. Doubtless^ some persons are
prevented from availing themselves of
any natural supply by the fact that
there is danger of securing poisonous
varieties. But the edible mushrooms
are well known to many persons in
any large community, whose assist
ance can be secured by others who
wish to supply the table occasionally
"Catchy advertisements of phenom
enal profits in growing mushrooms for
the market are doubtless chiefly re
sponsible for the unusual desire of so
many people to engage in the mush
These firms have
spawn to sell, and of course the profits
of the advertisers ''are in selling it.
The cost of the spawn itself is no in
considerable item, and for a mushroom
bed of fifty feet square its cost is
32.00. The requisite to success in
growing the mushroom artificially is a
properly prepared and evenly heated
bed. Most persons who depend upon
heating the bed with manure, fail to
appreciate the importance of its elas
Unless it is thoroughly mixed
and shoveled over several times it is
very likely to heat in spots, some of
which will be too hot and some too
cold. Under these circumstances the
amateur is greatly discouraged with
"Beginners in mushroom growing
should make their start on a small
scale. In this way success is more
likely and in case failure comes it
does not mean a heavy financial loss.
“Having studied the question for
several years and having observed bow
it works out experimentally with the
amateurs, I feel justified in saying
that those who contemplate engaging
in the industry Fwould find it more
profitable to plan a general home gar
den and carry the plan carefully to a
"This department will be glad to
answer any questions concerning eith
er the borne garden or the mushroom
growing that are sent to this office.”
Oregon Agricultural College, Cor
vallis—What insect and disease peats
attack their crops and how to control
them, are being learned by the school
children of Kennewick, Washington,
from the Agricultural college biennial
crop pest report, which is used as a
text book. Requests for copies of the
report were made by students and
teachers of the Kennewick school,
who state that it contains the most
complete, reliable and practical in
formation* of any publication that they
The report was written by the de
partments of plant pathology and en
tomology, from information collected
by observation and experiments ex
tending over several years.
tains a description of approximately
all plant diseases of economic import
ance in the Northwest, together with
the most reliable and economical
methods of control. It also contains a
record of the most important insect
pests of this region and the most ap
proved measures of control.
pests are identified by description and
illustration, and their habits and the
nature of the inury they do are clearly
With this report as a
guide any intelligent grower of field,
fruit or garden crops, can identify the
worst pests and apply effective control
The report is of very great import
ance to growers throughout the North
west; Its intelligent use will result
in a great saving of time, labor, ma
terial and produce.
Copies may be
had free by sending requests for them
to the secretary of the Experiment
Station, O. A. C., Corvallis, Oregon.
Identify the Insect, Then Apply
Oregon Agriculture College, Cor
vallis—Sprays should not be applied
to plants to rid them of insects until
it is definitely known that the insects
are harmful. The mere fact that they
are present in considerable numbers is
not sufficient warrant for spraying.
They may be harmful, but again they
may be either neutral or beneficial.
If they are injurious, they should be
combatted, but if they are beneficial,
they should be encouraged, since it is
definitely known that the destruction
of the natural enemies of harmful in
sects has done much to increase the
numbers of harmful pests.”
"Begin the work of control by care
fully studying the insect," says Pro
fessor H. F. Wilson, entomologist of
the Oregon Agricultural college. “If
you can identify the insect, and it is
then apply the standard
spray according to directions. If you
cannot identify it, then note the effect
it has on the plant.
If the plant
shows signs of insect feeding, the vis
itors that cause them are eating in
sects and can be controlled by arseni
cal sprays. If the plant shows curled
leaves, wilted surface, creasing, un
even and discolored tissues, but no
nibbled areas, the visitors are sucking
insects and can be controlled by con
But if the plant
shows no signs of damage the visitors
are probably either neutral, or pre
Most Profitable Age and Types dacious insects in search of harmful
of Beef Cattle.
insects that they feed upon.
Oregon Agricultural College, Cor plant often shelters the hunter as well
as the game.”
vallis—Successful livestock 'growers
as well as dealers in livestock and POULTRY KEEPERS’ DONTS,
meats, must know the market de
AS SEEN AT O. A. C. SHOW
mands and then grow animals that
Oregon Agricultural College, Corval
will meet them. This is the cardinal lis.—“Don't use mongrel stock,” was
principle of the industry as announced
one of the first signs on entering the
by Mr. Foreste), expert buyer for the
Union Meat company, in his livestock Utility Poultry Show held by the
demonstration before 'the Oregon Ag Poultry Department of the Oregon
ricultural college short course stu Agricultural College last week. Pro
dents. Farmers that raise livestock fessor James Dryden thus expressed
for beef and pork, often aim at the his estimate of the value of mongrel
production of animals as big and fat fowls. He has resorted to a limited
as they can be made.
When those and scientific use of cross-breeding
farmers take the stock to market they in his work of developing a new va
are disappointed and often angry be riety. but only mongrels are different
cause it brings less per pound that the considerations.
“Don’t use immature stock,” was
Beef animals are
sold with the highest margin of profit the next sign displayed at the show.
at from one to two years of age. A Both size and vitality are affected un
favorably by mating over young chick
grower recently sold a yearling steer
ens. Vitality is an important factor
in the city market for 395 at the same in heavy egg-laying.
time that another grower sold a two-
“Don’t start too big” comes next.
year-old for 3117. There is no profit No amount of knowledge and enthu
at all in carrying beef animals after siasm can make up for lack of experi
they are two or three years old.
ence, and mistakes are sure to be
It was further pointed out that made In the beginning. If the begin
types should be developed that carry ning is on a large scale, some of these
mistakes will prove very serious.
j high percentages in the choice parts Therefore, they should be made with
of the carcass. Everybody wants por
terhouse steak and prime ribs, and only a few fowls. When the business
has grown the mistakes can be
these cuts must bear the loss of the
chuck, which is about 42 per cent of
"Don'ts” will not conduct a profit
the dressed beef.
And then people able poultry business, but the intelli
wonder why beef is so high.
But gent observation of these three will
growers will profit by knowing the steer the beginner clear of some of
facts, if they choose their beef types the most disastrous, though alluring,
Houghton, Mich. — Describing the
shooting at her borne at Seeberville on
August 14, when two of her boarders
were killed, Mrs. Antonia Putrien tes
tified Saturday at the trial of two dep
uty sheriffs and three Waddell-Mahon
detective agency guards that the face
of a babe held in her arms wa9 burned
by powder from the officers’ pistols,
The witness denied that any shots
Work on Locks Nears.
were fired from inside the house.
Washington, D. C. — In the opinion
The strikers continued to assemble
of ex-Senator Jonathan Bourne, actual witnesses to appear before the con
work on the Willamette locks may be gressional investigation next week.
started this month. The Federal en
gineer has procured for the secretary Kentucky Legislator« Vaccinated.
of war the recommendation he report
Frankfort, Ky.—Several members
ed to the department of justice, that of the Kentucky legislature and many
the question of the easement on the residents of thia city are nursing sore
Willamette locks would not interfere arms, the result of vaccination due to
with the engineering construction. a smallpox scare which developed re
Young Bride (to waiter) — Waiter,
The secretary is expected to sign the cently, when it was announced that my husband has been here a lot lately.
report, in which case final action au Senator Porter and Representative Ol I hope he’s all right, eh?
thorizing the transfer of title prob iver were ill with the disease.
Waiter -Oh, yes; tie never has more
ably would be taken next week.
than three glasses of beer.
Turkish Women to Learn.
were not happy he'd surely drink six.
To Allow Betting on Games.
London—A dispatch to the Daily —Fliegende Blatter.
Havana--General Freyre Andrade, Telegraph from Constantinople an
mayor of Havana, is about to issue a nounces that a decision has been
Many industrial firms in Germany
decree, it became known recently, al reached to admit Turkish women to provide their workmen square pieces
Special lectures on of cloth for cleaning purposes instead
lowing free betting on baseball games. the university.
Public baseball wagers have not been hygiene, gynaecology, domestic econ of the cotton waste that is usual there.
permitted here since the occupation of omy, science and women’s rights will The scheme has the advantage of
I Cuba by American troops.
be delivered for their benefit.
And So It Was.
An English minister, who guarded
his morning study hour very carefully,
told the new maid that under no cir
cumstances were callers to be admit
ted—except, of course, he added—in
case of life and death.
Half an hour later the maid re
turned. “A gentleman to see you. sir.”
‘‘Why, I thought I told you—”
“Yes, I told him,” she replied,
‘‘but he says it is a question of life
So he went downstairs and found an
insurance agent.—Pittsburg Chronicle.