INSURGENTS IN FULL RETREAT Refugees Fill Streets of Juarez and Camp on Curbs. ------ r— Oroict Sands 3600 to Casas Grand* and Sonora. Whsrs Guerilla War Will B* Waged. Juarez, Mex.—The transitory stage of the Mexican revolution -Ila pas sage from an organised military cam paign into a guerilla warfare— brought nearly 2000 rebel troops here en route to Casas Grandes and the re gion along the Mexican Northwestern railroad, about 100 miles southwest of the border. Hundreds of women and children, mostly refugees from Chihuahua City, now In the hands of the federal gov ernment, came with the troops. Homeless, they camped in the streets, cooking thcie meals on curbs and sleeping in the open. General Pascual Orosco, the rebel chief, spent the day at Naus. 80 miles north of Chihuahua, giving final or ders to 8600 cavalry which he directed westward acrosa country toward Casas Grandes and the state of Sonora, now the rebel objective. Three of five troop trains which left Bachimba, where the federals defeat ed the rebel army two days ago, had reached here. Two more are on their way and General Orosco is said to be on one of them. Governor Felipe Gutierres 'and members of the rebel legislature ar rived here also. Those who witnessed the battle of Bachimba said the feder ate had every advantage, driving the rebels away long before they intended to retreat. When the last troop train was pulling out of Bachimba a scat tered fire from federal cavalry was di rected at it, the passengers calling frantically on the engineer for speed. Border Situation Peaceful. KI Pano, Tex. — Colonel Pascua Orosco Sr., father of the rebel chief, denied the report from Washington that the rebels would direct artillery fire acroas the international line to destroy the plant of an Ki Paso elec tric lighting company to force inter vention. The story han been in circu lation here for nearly a month, but officials here representing the Slate and War departments, after having in vestigated, reported that they did not believe any such contingency was probable. Scores of rebel soldiers deserted to American noil during the day. They declare dissension between General Orosco and his staff and lack of money or food were rapidly decimating the rebel army. -------------------------- ;-------- WOMEN HELP STRIKERS. Police Assailed in Waterfront Riots In Havre, Franco. Havre, France — Women wearing flaming red sashes took a prominent part here in the stoning of the police and military in the riots that followed expulsion of striking laborers and sea men from the docks. The assailants threw missile* from windows in the neighborhood. The strikers were forced finally to retire but retreated slowly, erecting barricades in many of the streets. They broke all the windows in the two principal police stations. Marseilles — The officer* of the French line steamers decided to join the striking seamen and dockers. This completely paralyses the mail service of the company in the Medi terranean. Additional destroyers are to be requisitioned to carry the mails. All the docks here are guarded by the militia. ________ Bordeaux—The strike of the docker* here in sympsthy with the seamen of other porta has been only partly effec tive. A serioua fight took place be tween strikers and policemen on the arrival of the steamship Magellan from South America. Several police men were injured. Driver Dies; Horse Wins Race. Santa Crus, Cal.—John M. Fergu son, well known in this state as a breeder and driver of trotting horses, was stricken by heart disease while driving far in the lead in the first trot ting event Thursday at Opal Park. He fell from his sulky, while the trotter continued under the wire and again circled the course, halting at her stall. The races were called off. There was a previous accident at the track, when Thomas Halbrook, a driv er, was kicked by a horse and suffered a broken leg and other serious injury. British Spy is Convicted. Leipric, Germany—Leopold Filers, a native of the German island of Hel- geland, but a naturalised citizen of the United States, was sentenced here by the Imperial Supreme court to four years in a penitentiary and six years’ loss of civil rights on a charge of es pionage. Eilers was accused of hav ing attempted to obtain secret docu ments and also the plans of the de fenses of Helgeland for delivery to the British government. Rural Carrier Destroys Mail. San Francisco—Henry E. Volherts, a rural mail carrier of Petaluma, has been arrested for destroying advertis ing postal cards, because, he said, his route as so large he was unable to de liver all the mail. He will appear be fore a United States commissioner for preliminary examination. CALIFORNIAN ATTACKS TAFT. Claim* President’* Renomlnatlon Was Unjust and Illegal. Washington, D. C.- Senator Works, ot California, progressive Republican, presenting in the senate a resolution to Investigate recent campaign con tributions and expenditures, declared that President Taft’s renomination had been procured anjustly and illegally. California needed no new party, he said, and the Republican party might better go down to defeat for the sins of its leaders and come up four year* hence than to form a new party. Senator Work* said bi* resolution was based on chargee publicly made by President Taft and ex-President Roosevelt. The resolution declares It is common knowledge that public offi cials from the president, cabinet offi cers and senators down, have engaged In the pro-convention campaign. It directs the investigation of the financial transactions of the Democra tic and Republican candidates for the presidential nomination, calls for names of officials engaged in the cam paign and their salaries, the percent age of voters in the primaries and payments to newspapers and news paper writers and the amount of ex penses of delegate* paid by others. The resolution stirred the senate, but was not acted upon. Mr. Works charged that men sent to Washington to discharge public duties had been giving their time to carrying on polit ical campaigns. “Doesn’t that apply tn certain mem bers of this body," asked Senator Nelson, of Minnesota. "I think it does," replied Senator Worka. Mr. Worka asserted that a new party in California would mean turn ing the “purified Republican party,” there, back to special interests. SURPLUS ABOVE GUES8. U. 8. Treasury Ends Fiscal With 823,000,000. Yaar T. R. OUTLINES FIGHT, FARM "" ORCHARD Noie» and Instruction» from AgriculturoI Colleges and Experiment Station» of Oregon and Washington. Specially Suitable to Pacific Coa»t Condition» GERMS ON THE FARM. Useful and Harmful Bacteria Shown So Writes O. A. C. Professor In Jour to O. A. C. Summer Students. nal of Homo Economics. Oregon Agricultural College, Cor vallis — Germs which cause milk to sour, bacteria which dispose of filth and which aid in making the soil more fertile, and microbe* which cause disease were shown through a powerful microscope to the students of the college summer session by Prof. T. D. Beckwith. “Some people still believe that thunder showers are somehow related to the souring of milk,'* said Prof. Beckwith. “They are not. If you put milk in a cold box, it will keep sweet from 24 to 48 hours, but if it is in a warm room it will sour in 18 hours. There is some relation, not between thunder showers and the souring of the milk, but between the temperature and this change in the milk. I “The change is produced by the activity of germs. We hold up our hands in horror when we speak of germa, microbes and bacteria. But we owe our lives to many of these, which are too small to be seen with the naked eye.“ Prof. Beckwith then showed through the microscope some bacteria which cause the souring of milk, magnified 1,400,000 timea. "How large are'they ?’* be contin ued. “These particular ones are so small that it you take 16,000 of them and put them so tWht they just touch, you will have a line one inch long. With the naked eye, if you have good eyes, you can not see anything smaller than one-two-hundredth of an inch. Most germs are colorless; some, however, have a red. brown, blue or dirty cream color. “Germs are alive. Milk sours be cause it becomes highly populated with little bits of microscopic plants. If you have typhoid fever you are sick because you have become a great garden of diseaae plants, which, as they grow, give off a poison. It is to our advantage to have milk sour prop erly and not too soon. “It is safe to say that an ordinary human being voids 83,000,000,000,000 (thirty-three million million) germs a day. Most of these come out by way of the feces. Since a cow is so much larger an animal, bow much greater must be the number of germa which it throws off each day. What do you think of the farmer who keeps his cow in a dark, muddy stable, wet, dripping with manure, or in summer time in the dry season allows it to ac cumulate an armor of manure? Every bit of the filth is full of germs, which, if they get into the milx, will produce abnormal changes, some of them breeding disease.” Washington, D. C. — The Federal government closed the fiscal year with a surplus of 82,000,000, according to estimates based on incomplete returns from the various sources of revenue the country over. This amount far exceeded the expectations of Secretary MacVeagh, who months ago estimated that the surplus would be 810,260,000. The surplus at the close of the fiscal year 1911 was 846,682,000. The failure of congress to pass gen eral deficiency and other appropriation bills which would have called for large disbursements during the closing days of the fiscal year helped the govern ment to pile up its surplus. Another big element in the figures was the corporation tax, which, it is calculated, brought in 827,000,000, against 833,000,000 last year. Custom receipts yielded about 8310,- 000,000 this fiscal year, against 8314,- 000,000 last year, while internal reve nue taxes amounted to 8292,000,000, a* against 8289,000,000. The taxation on beer indicates that American people consumed 63,000,000 barrels during the year. The govern ment realized 8149,000,000 on distilled spirits, 863,000,000 on beer and 870,- 000,000 on tobacco. FARM ACCOUNTING IMPORTANT Garman* Welcome Taft. Philadelphia—A grand festival con cert participated in by the thousands of member* of eocietie* constituting the Northeastern Saengerbund, with President and Mr*. Taft a* the guests of honor, was the crowning event of the program of the 23d SaengerfesL When the President and Mrs. Taft reached Broad street station they were greeted by a German song of welcome sung by a large chorus. As the President and his wife entered the auditorium the chorus of 6000 trained male voices sang the “Star Spangled Banner," while the immense audience remained standing. Tap Line Cases Dropped. Washington, D. C.—The Commerce court has decided to dismisa, for want of jurisdiction, the so-called tap-line cases filed recently. The petition presented by the tap lines required injunctions against the Interstate Commerce commission’s order deter mining the status of tap lines with re lation to the various trunk lines. The tap lines contended they were common carrier* under the law and that the commission had no authority to ex clude them from the division* of through rates with trunk lines. Famous Engineer Dead. Toronto — Cecil Brunswick Smith, one of the best-known railway and hydro-electric engineers in the world, died at his home here of cancer. He was 48 years old. Nearly every hydro electric plant in America was either designed or built by Smith. He was a graduate of McGill university and a former president of the Canadian So ciety of Civil Engineers. He was the author of several well-known text books on engineering. Congras* Thank* Savior*. CAKE IB GOOD FOOD. Rural Business Management Helps to Make Farms Pay. Oregon Agricultural College, Cor vallis—The fact that the U. S. De partment of Agriculture has estab lished an office of farm management and that the civil service commission recently held examinations to secure men eligible for appointment as assist ants in farm cost accounting, is suffi cient indication of the growing realiz ation of the importance of better bus iness methods on the farm. If any further recognition of the fact were needed, it may be found in the great number of letters requesting information on the subject which are received daily by Dean J. A. Bexell, of the O. A. C. school of commerce, whose text book, “Farm Accounting and Business Methods," is in use throughout the United States and abroad. Men in Germany, England and Australia have written him re garding it. “No farmer has a reasonable excuse to offer for wasting valuable time and labor on crops which, because of cli matic or economic conditions, can not yield adequate returns," said Mr. Bexell. “Accurate records and ac counts are absolutely necessary in the management of every business enter prise. No business can be successful in the long run unless its condition can be determined at any time, and no conservative business man will fail to prepare a financial statement at the end of his fiscal year. He must deter mine how he stands, not only with others, but with himself. “One object of keeping accounts is to assist in accumulating property. Another important object is to record a continuous history of business trans actions for future guidance. Not only is this profitable, but it is a source of real pleasure and satisfaction to know our standing with those with whom we deal as well as the profits and losses in our business enterprises.” Washington, D. C.—The thank* of congress are conveyed to Captain Arthur H. Rostron and the officers and crew of the liner Cgrpathia for their rescue of 704 survivors of the Titanic, Hi* Recommendation, in the senate bill passed by the htuse. The measure now goes to President A cook has been going around a sta Taft for signature. The bill provides tion in the south of India with the fol for a 81000 gold medal for Captain lowing ’character,’ and is somewhat Rostron. surprised he is not engaged: "Abdul has been my cook for three months; it Class Rate'Lowered. seems much longer. He leaves on ac Washington, D. C. — Class freight count of ill health—my ill health."— rates from the Missouri river and Christian Advocate. points of origin East to destinations Her Reformation. in the Willamette valley through Port land, Or., were held by the Interstate Out in Reno I met a lady who told Commerce commission to be unreason me she used to marry men she would able. Reductions averaging approx^ n't invite to a musicale now.—Kansas City Journal. mately 12 per cent were ordered. Oregon Agricultural College, Cor vallis—That cake is a concentrated food, the average slice containing practically as much food value as one and one-half glasses of milk, is the opinion of Prof. Ava B. Milam, of the domestic science department at the Oregon Agricultural College, in the first of a series of scientific articles on “Factors Affecting the Economic and Dietetic Value of Foods,” in the cur rent number of the Journal of Home Economies. “When an article of diet comes into as general use as has cake, the factors affecting ita economic and dietetic value as well as its quality justify study," says Miss Milam. “There is a lack of definite knowl edge of these factors and inadequate means of controlling the conditone. The purpose of the study was to show the effect of varying the kind and form of ingredients on the quality, the cost, and the economic and dietetic value of cakes. “The work was carried out on a typical whole egg and butter cake, one of a close grain and fine texture. Among the interacting points in the paper are the following : The cost of cakes may be reduced, from the stand point of time consumed in mixing, by melting as well as creaming the fat used—a saving of half the time of mixing. The best cakes are made by the use of the fine pastry flours, al though good cakes may be made with bread flour. The high gluten content in bread flour is undesirable in cakes. The form of sugar used greatly affects the quality of the cake with little effect on the cost Powdered sugar is most easily and thoroughly mixed in the solid state. Cakes of as good quality are obtained by using water as by using milk, either whole or condensed. When water is used the cake costs one and one-half cents lees than when milk is used, but the food value is also decreased. Egg* are essential, serving as leavening agents and influencing the flavor, texture, grain, and food value. If fresh pow ders are used a fairly good cake may be made with desiccated eggs if the fresh ones are not available. Reduc ing the amount of butter in the stand ard 3-cup flour recipe, from three- fourths to half cup of butter, the food value is lowered but the quality seems improved. If the cakes are not eaten warm, lard substitute* that are fresh may be used instead of butter. Colonel Intends to Appeal to Farmer* and Laborer*. Oyster'Bay, N. Y.— A campaign along novel lines haa been sketched in bare outline by Colonel Roosevelt. A* the candidate of the aew progressive party for the presidency. Colonel Roosevelt intend* to make an appeal largely to the farmer and the wage worker on the ground that neither the Democratic nor the Republican party is attempting seriously in this cam paign to deal with the fundamental economic and social conditions which confront the country. Particular at tention will be paid to the high cost of living. Colonel Roosevelt said that Senator Dixon of Montana, who managed bis campaign for the Republican presi dential nomination, in all probability would be hi* campaign manager in bis fight at the bead of the new party. The senator’s headquarter* probably will be in New York, where be has passed most of the time since the Chi cago convention. This program ba* been agreed upon a* definitely as pos sible in advance of the national con vention in Chicago next month. Colonel Roosevelt has been engaged in a study of the platform adopted in Baltimore last week, and of the Re publican platform, and be believes he has found in them valuable campaign material. He said neither of these platform* showed the slightest under standing of the social and industrial movement which is under way in this country. They have taken up, he said, the old policies and the battle cries of other years. BATHING SUITS DEFINED. Venice, California, Mayor to Parada in Model Costume. Venice, Cal.—Hereafter.Sunday vis itors to this beach will see Mayor Hol brook parading the principai thorough fare clad only in a model bathing suit, if the intended "bathing ordinance fathered by Trustee Lorenz goes through as indicated. Section 2 provide* that this shall be done as a public example. The par ade shall be between 12 and 1 o’clock and the wearer shall have on no other garment According to section 1 it shall be unlawful for any person to appear upon the beach in the ocean or in any public place in Venice in a bathing suit unless it shall match the model. The suit shall have sleeves that come to the wrists, collar a half inch high, bloomers and a bona fide skirt at least 30 inches long bung from the waist. Women shall wear stockings of sombre shade. Hair rib bons must be worn by girls under 14 years old. Men’s suits shall consist of the'same garments but may be made in manish How to Kill Cutworm*. style. The penalty for violation is Oregon Agricultural College, Cor 8300 fine. vallis—“The poison bran mash is by far the best treatment for cutworms," CHINA TO“COMPETE. says A. L. Lovett, crop pest expert at the Oregon Agricultural college. "The cutworms usually pass the win New Steamship Line Is Promised for Trans-Pacifie Trade. ter in the soil as partly grown harvae. They are therefore present in the soil ’ Los Angeles — That three large in the spring at the time it is pre steamships of the type of the Man pared for planting. churia will be built at Long Beach and “It is a very good practice to sow that five large steamships are to be the poison mash over the field a few leased from a defunct Hong Kong line days before the crop is to appear. If within eight months is the statement all green vegetation is removed, the of Goon Lee, representing the Chinese cutworms will feed greedily on the organizations that are promoting the mash, and the ground will be freed of Los Angeles-Hong Kong steamship them before the plants appear. If project, on his return from a tour of this is not done, then a small heap of Seattle, Portland and other Pacific the mash may be placed about the Coast cities. base of the plants to be protected. Lee announced that the Chinese Poultry should not have range over along the entire coast desired a line of the treated fields. ships that can compete with the Jap “The mash is prepared by mixing anese lines now operating between the 16 pounds of coarse bran with a pound Orient and San Francisco and said of Paris green, half pound of salt, a that funds pract.eally were assured. gallon of any cheap grade of syrup, The Chinese of Mexico, the United and warm water enough to make a States and South America are to raise heavy mash." one-half of the 812,000,000 necessary and are now endeavoring to secure rec ognition for the new republic of China, because, they explain, it will provide the other half of the fund if it is recognized and thus enabled to es tablish itself on an operative basis whereby it can negotiate a loan or issue bonds. FASHION HINTS Fuel Oil Laws Conflict. Vancouver, B. C. — The Canadian shipping act makes it compulsory that fuel oil used on steamers shall flash above 200 and the customs regulations permit the free entry only of fuel oil that will flash below 200. The steamer Washtenaw, here with 26,000 barrels of California oil for the Canadian Pa cific, is tied up by a demand for 2$ cents a gallon duty, more than the ac tual cost of the oil. If the customs ruling is adhered to, the oil burning liners that ply to American ports will make Seattle their bunker port. New National Flag Flies. Washington, D. C.—The new Na tional Flag bearing 48 [stars, emble matic of all the states including the When it eomes to ncgligws, this one recently admitted Arizona and New of silk Crepe should not be overlook«!. Mexico, was flung from all Federal Its such a handy bit of cozyness for a structures in the country and from the hurried slip-on. American navy throughout the world July 4. Thirteen stars only will be per Reason for Sea Burial. mitted in the blue square of the flags Sea captains and sailors, from su that are less than five feet wide, to perstition founded upon good sense, do avoid overcrowding. The red field on not like to carry dead bodies aboard the president's flag is changed to blue. their ships, burying at sea as soon as possible all who die. In old days one Missing Yacht Make* Port. dead body infected with disease might Honolulu—The overdue’trans-Pacific mean the death and destruction of all racing yacht Natoosh, of ¡Victoria, ar men on the ship. rived here safely, four days behind the winner. Lurline, in the race from Los Two Parties Worth Watching. Angeles harbor. When sue failed to Always keep your wits about you appear on time it was feared that she when dealing with a man who doesn’t had either been disabled or gone talk. Likewise, beware of the one astray. Heavy weather held her back with a velvetv voice. and blew her off her course. AIRSHIP BURSTS; FIVE PERISH Vaniman Dirigible Balloon Ex* plodes in Mid-Air. Wives of Four Men See 8hip Break Into Flame end Plunge IOOO Feet to Earth. Atlantic City, N. J.—Mrs. Vaniman and the wives of three member* of th* dirigible balloon Akron’s crew, stand ing on the veranda of the Vaniman cottage near Brigantine beach, early Thursday, saw the great dirigible ex plode and then dart down from midair, carrying their husband* to death in nine feet of water in about a second. The women screamed and covered thpir faces and Mrs. Vaniman fainted, but all shortly recovered and rushed with 2000 other spectator* toward the place where the balloon fell, killing Vaniman and four other*. A* the mighty dirigible plunged downward a body was seen to deatcb itself from the blazing mass and fall into the water 60 feet from where the balloon sank. It was recovered by Councilman Harry Cook and A. T. Bell, who put out in a motor boat, and was identified as that of Calvin Vani man, brother of Melvin. The center dynamo and the badly mutilated and burned conditon of the body showed that the main force of the explosion must have been directly opposite the middle of the car. William Hili, United States revenue offiaial, who saw the accident, said: ■ “We were watching the big ship closely, remarking upon the beautiful spectacle, the morning sun making the huge bag glisten like gold, when I noticed a whirl of smoke at the stern. I remember glancing at my watch and noting that it was exacty 6:42. The ship was between 700 and 800 feet up, in my estimation. “The smoke gained in volume and the ship seemed to stagger. The smoke continued to increase for a minute or two, running apparently the whole length of the engine room beneath the great bag, and then there was a frightful concussion, like the firing of a great gun. "The next instant the ship appeared to be a great mass of flame. It seemed to me that the stern had been entirely blown out. Then I saw the whole thing was tumbling down to the sea and I closed my eyes. There was a great uprising of gas and flames and then it was all over, but the folds of the big yellow bag just visible above the sea." Captain Frank Adams, of the light bouse, and Captain Frank Doughey, of Inlet Fleet, were among the first to reach the scene of the disaster. They found only tangled wreckage and no sign of life. Captain Parker, of the lifesaving station, rushed out in the government’s high-power boat and confirmed the report of the yachts men. He reported the Akron lying in nine feet of water in a slough at the end of Brigantine beach, with the top of the big yellow gas bag billowing in the gentle breeze. The body of Walter Guest was re covered from the wreck of the dirig ible about two hours later. It was mangled about the head and legs, and most of the clothing was blown off. CONFEDERATE LEADER DEAD Captain Walker On* Who Surrender ed to Grant at Vicksburg. Santa Monica, Cal.—Captain Wil liam A. Walker, a Confederate cav alryofficer, who surrendered his sword to General Grant at Vicksbur, died here Thursday. Under the Cleveland administration Walker was postmas ter at Albuquerque, N. M. While holding that position he was called upon to speak for "The Lost Cause" at a public ceremony on the occasion of the death of GranL He surprised the assemblage with one of the short est public speeches ever delivered: “Ladies and Gentlemen : I surrender ed to Genera] Grant at Vicksburg. I have nothing more to say." Camorra Trial Near End. Viterbo, Italy. — The members of the Camorra, who have been on trial here for nearly two years, now have assumed a most humble attitude and show the most profound respect for the judges and jury, placing them selves entirely in the hands of the court, which shortly is to deliver its verdict The presiding judge read a long list of questions for the jury to answer to establish who were the in stigators of the crime of murdering Genarro Cuoccolo and Maria Cutinelli Cuoccolo in June, 1906. Ship* Sail Despite Strike. New York’— Development* in the coastwise seamen's strike do not tend to carry out predictions of leaders that more than a dozen steamers at this port would be tied up immedi ately. Outgoing vessels of lines against which the strike is directed, sailed on time, with improvised crews of inexperienced men when necessary. Several leaders admitted the men were not responding to the strike or der a* fast as had been expected. Kaiser and Czar to Meet. Berlin—The German emperor, ac companied by his third son, Prince Adelbert, has started by way of Dan zig for Baltic Port, a seaport of Rus sia, near the entrance of the Gulf of Finland, where they will meet the Russian emperor. The two emperors met last in August, 1909.