Beaver State herald. (Gresham and Montavilla, Multnomah Co., Or.) 190?-1914, January 21, 1910, Image 4

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    ♦1« tn tbe acra. th» medium fiftyfnar
• ixl the h«-44vy slity-tw«
Ihe differ
eno may not be this great every time,
but It will always I m * great enough to Ruby and Jadeite the Most Valuable
Stones Produced.
pay well for the laltor of I m imiti»
Diamonds, ruble«, Mapphlrea. spinels,
There Is mi objection io using the
h«svy onia for arisi in that they lend tourmalin»*«, gurnets. ro»k crystal*
to become s little later •*»• h year Thia and various aorta <»f amber and Jadeite
»•an tir « rottied bj Jmrialti« Ing mime are the precious sionrs found on In-
hew artsl of an rttrly variety everv din* r»»ral strand, says the t'lilcug«»
The ruby and Jmtalir arc
few tears
Dlrrctlona tur hruvilltig Tribune.
th«* only «tunes of r«»nshh*nible value
•issi «mta will I m * given In article *
Large quantities <*f lur
After the «atts are virttned and gmd produced.
»‘»I they atmuld In* treated t«»r amili qu«>lsr rtime from Sikkim and Tll»vt.
Smut Is it black fungus that gr»»ua that from (hr latter country Iwlng
front a tint «p»»re that Raíce* beneath harder, darker blue ami therefore more
The lni|M»rtiiil«»n of precluu»«
th«* hull when the uni la in bhs»tii and valuable.
(lie k»*rnel o|»rn
When ihe null closes atom**« Into Imlln anmunta aniiunlly to
the s|M»re Is held inside until the next alsiiit fI.IMO.issi
The diamond Industry H limited and
M 1*1'11 «b«u It spri'iits mid s«*m|s n
thread up through the st«*m tu the I* carried on In ««»uihern I mils, the
head. There the «mut grows. pn*lm* northern part of the Indian | | h « ii I ii * u I h
Ing a black mass wherw the bead amt In the central provinces,
should be
Often hs many «« 15 |w»r mining Is «•arrlrtl mi In up|»rr Burma
cent of the li«*uds will tn* «ff (S'ted In and. next to |H*troleum, Is i lie ihom I
tills way. Thvwe black benda are nut prutltablr of th»* mineral mumrve« «»f
easily noticed, so that the da mage Is the stale. the «able of tile prialuct Is*
Ing s I mhi I $.*«««) H im » nnntiallx One ruby
usually uiHb*rvstlmnt«wl
The almpl»**t meth«sl of treatment Is of srvrnt :y-seven carats was taken
to spread the ants out on s tight tt«»«»r out a fev v year* ago and vallieti at
•nd sprinkle them with a *«»lutl«»n of Si XI. xm. Kapphlr»*«« ii *»*«1 to Is* mlm*»l
«me p«»uml of formalin tt» forty gnlhrns In Kashmir, but the mines are now
The yellow,
of water
This amount la su(ticlent said to br exhausted
for forty bushel« of (Mlis. Shovel the white, blue ami greeu varieties of
oats over two or three time* until they sapphire are found In the ruby bear
The «plnrl Is
are thoroughly wet. and then pile them Ing grarrls In lltirma
up and cov«*r them with blanket« or found in rutialdurublr quantities In
The fumes from the formalin llurma.
Tourmaline stones of blur, green
prnetrute (»euenth the hull and
the smut *i»orvs
In the morning and black coloring arr found la up|u*r
oats should I m * spread out again Iturma. Garnet* ar»* mined In Jaipur
«hoveled over tsvasbmnlly until lt«H*k «*rywtnl. cut for cheap Jewelry,
They can la* «owed wet. but In known a* vaieam dHtimtid*« I* f«»un»l
Another «|U;trtx crystal,
case (he settler shoilid Is* set to In Madras
ats>ut n bushel to the acre more, found in Knlabagh. Is «-heapvr ami
as they do not run through «« rra«|||y. used for net'klriiVM
('hnh'etb'nh* slllua
This work should be dune on « warm I* «alle«I happlk and embrio'vs »iiuny
day. n* freezing while the oais are wet forma of agate nil mt I In the la*»*«*«n
will Injure the gvrmlmttion
This treat Agnt«»* and ciiruelirths an* <-ut and pre­
mem costs only als»ut « cent « bualiei pare«) for market In l<«»mbay. They
aud la very effective.
com«* moatly fr«»m lla|plfM*ti.
Preparing th« Seed Bed
quantities are shlp|u*«l to Europe and
Jntlelte of l»esutlful green
One of the most nezl»* ted fs^lnt« In t’hlna
oai vulture is the prvfmrutlon of the veins Is found In up|»vr llurma, ami
*»-e<1 tied
Oats do better on « rather an infrrl»»r Jade Is fouml In other
The stone arils fur
tirm se«x! bril
If the held wna la «-oru parts of India.
the year prevlou« It will not t>e nrevs
to | IOO a hundred weight
wary tu plow unless the ground 1« very
It ahou:d is* <1l*k«t1 thoroughly,
K «*«•(» posted on the news of (lie day.
however, to cut up the stalks and pul
verir.e the upper two or three Inches Die Herald offers good Inirgaina through
It will usually be profitable to let the ha clubbing list.
disk “lap half." as this dors away
with ridge« and leave« the land In
bett»*r shat*!» One harrowing after the
« w ikmipmbb
Lor kiczkh
J Usile <■( th. IVacv
disking irav»** the ground In aptendld
that»« to receive the need
"Keep iour Eje on Horiitp"
Methods of Seeding.
mwcveding tirwhsm Vimiu-alor. Gresham Garetti'. East Multnotnah K. co r <1
Multnomah Re«x>ni and Montavilla Herald.
Published Every Friday at Gresham, Ore., by the B ravkw S tat « PvmisHtxG Co
ÌL A. DA KN ALL. E dito » and M anaoku .
Kntenrd a* »evond-<la»»matter at the postolltee at Ureaham. Oregon
E have become interested in
the articles beinjj run on this
page on farming for profit. The
writer. Prof. evident­
ly a man of experience and good
The present article
on growing oats deserves atten­
tion right now.
Oats is a crop
that requires early planting. He
suggests an early variety and for
our climate that is especially de­
sirable. for an early variety
would mature early, before our
long summer drouth would strike
them. The early sort would al­
so be better, whatever soil sowed
upon. The early varieties on
gravelly soil will mature before
it gets too dry: if on wet land
the early variety requires less
time to mature if sown late. But
you’d better read the article—
"Oat Growing.”
ORTLAND and the Northwest
will have their share of con­
ventions this Summer. The An­
cient Order of Hibernians, which
organization will probably draw
30,000 people west, will meet in
July. The Retail Grocers Asso­
ciation will meet Jan. 26-27 at
Eugene. And there are numer­
ous others, and already other
conventions are being listed for
next year, the first being the
wool growers which will be in
January, 1911.
The wrench Illustrated herewith dlf
fers materially from the ordinary in
the fact (hat tbe usual screw tuech
anisiu I m entirely «lls|»emo*d with, ami
ttw* Jaws may I m * instantly opened »r
closed to any deelnxl extern.
wreurh is nJ*» pruvhl«*d with a re-
movable jaw pi«»ce. which may lx*
qukkljr applied I«» adapt It f«»r use in
gripping pipe or n»uu«l wmrk.
Fig. 1 illustratuM tlx* wrench with
the pii< gripping artaehment applied
------------- X
An example of the big money
in hog raising was given at Port­
land during the past week when
a single porker, weighing 680
pounds, brought $61.20. This is
the highest price that a single
hog ever brought at the stock-
yards. The hog was raised by
Henry Larkin of Colfax. Wash­
ington. Hogs reached $9.20 dur­
ing the week.
How to care for a horse, how
to know a good horse, how to
avoid a bad one, how to prevent
bad habits in these animals, is
all told in the "Horse Book,” a
new addition to our clubbing list,
along with the Farm -Journal.
Don't fail to consider this oppor­
tunity and let us hear from you
"Not the least of the infiuen'-es which
are tending to boost tbe already un-
preo-dentedly high price of corn to a
still Higher level la tbe unusually wet
condition of the soil to be found in
many sections of Illinois, one of the
banner corn states of the Union, which
has rendered impossible in many cases
the plowing of last year's fields. Many
of them lie untouched, with tbe old
stalks still standing gaunt and bare.
So heavy has been the rainfall that it
has l>een next to Impossible to get on
to the ground with a team, let alone
working the soil with any satisfactory
results. Tbe above conditions, perhaps
aggravated in portion» of Illinois, ex­
ist in greater or less extent through
considerable portions of tbe entire corn
belt. One of tbe discouragin’; features
about tbe situation is the fact that
there is hardly any other crop that can
be grown In the abort portion of tbe
season remaining. Tbe situation de­
scribed insures hard times locally, at
least, of a very depressing character.
EXT to \\ heat, «aita are the moat
crop. It Is a crop that is nerd"
rd on every farm fur ftnsi. ca­
perla lly for young stock and homea
lu the corn twit osts till In a place In
the rotation that »snoot weil lie taken
by any other crop
I’tie work of need
lug and barveNting tits In well u IIh the
work of growing a vorn crop* heme
oats arc and probably always will ita
an im|M»rtnnt crup in the corn heli
In spite ««f these reasons f»»r growing
oats they are not unuai^r considered to
be a proti table crop
The price is les«
(bau (hai of corn and (he yield usual
thereon, while Fig. 2 shows
wrench adapted for ordinary use. In
this view the lower Jaw is cut away
to show the Interior details.
It will be obaerved that the ratchet
mechanism with which this wrench Is
equipped in place of the screw mech­
anism is controlled by a button, A.
that projects from the forward face
of the lower Jaw
When the button
A Is depreams! tbe dog It Is disen­
gaged from tbe ratebet teeth, permit­
ting tbe Jaw to Is- moved downward
on tbe shank of the wrench. A spring.
C. serves to bold tbe dog in engage-
meet with tbe ratchet teeth when th»»
button A is reieas«-d.
It I m not nec
essary to operate tbe button A when
closing tbe Jaws on a ptece of work,
but merely when It Is desired to open
them. Tbe pipe gripping device con­
sists of a slotted member, which may
be fitted over the shank of the tool
and Is provid«-d with inwardly Inclined
teeth. as shown in tbe Illustration.
Tbe inventor of this Improved wrench
is Mr. Charles Waller of Hamilton.
Formic Acid For Dyeing.
Formic acid, wbicli has |ec<w a
formidable competitor to acetic acid
in the dyeing trad»* of Germany. Is
found In a natural state in ants, cater­
pillars. leaves of hr and pine trees and
Jn the common nettle. It also forms
itself in a distillation of sugar, starch
and tartaric acid. It is extracted com­
mercially by heating crystallized ox­
alic acid with glycerin, from which It
is withdrawn by means of distillation,
Although chemically pur«- formic
acid is used in small quantities for
medical purjMNses and to some extent
In the manufacture of fruit essences.
Its chief commercial application is In
the dyeing and tanning trades, in
which its corrosive effect is of great
value. For dyeing purposes It is now
substituted where formerly 30 per cent
acetic acid was used. Jt gives to mer­
cerized cotton tbe rustling effect of
silk. and in silk trades it Is used ad­
vantageously to produce tbe sheen,—
Popular Mechanics.
Horsepower of the Waves.
Riccardo Salvador!, an Italian en-
glncor. has been trying by experiment
to determine the prjwer of the waves
of the sea. not. lie It noted, of the
tides, but of the real wares. He has
Just announee«l the result of his cal­
culations, showing that the power <le
How often as a result of keeping the pends upon th«- height of the wave, in
curtains down in tbe parlor, which accordance with the following table:
both In practice as well as theory ought Height of wave.
.................... 1»;
to be the best room In the house, damp­ 1 foot 7 Inches
1 feet 4 inches .................
ness. mustiness and cbeerlessness pre­ <> feet S inches ........................................... 7.2a
vail! True, tbe posies In tbe carpet
It Is not often that waves attain a
may lose some of their brightness,
height of more than Hix foot on the
though none of their fragrance. If cur­
«•oast, although they may appear to the
tn I ns nnr put up for awhile each da y
eye Io I m - much higher. Tbe plant n«s-
and the glorious germ destroying sun­
essary to utilize the force of the
trtiine Is allowed to pour In, but It will
mean cheeriness, light and health for waves would cost about (LOW
tbe memliers of tbe family, wbo ought
to be entitled to more consideration
Mounting Photo Prints on Glass,
than carpets and wall paper.
Photograph prints can bi­ mounted
A new kind of piano, the cboraicelo. on glass with an adhesive made by
baa the ordinary key* and hammer*, soaking one ounce of sheet gelatin In
which may tie used If desired. but la cold water tn saturation, then dissolv­
also provided with electro magnets ar­ ing in three and otic-half ounces of
Let the solution cool
ranged to vibrate tbe wires without boiling water.
striking with tbe hammers. The tones to about lit) degrees F, then Im­
when produced by the action of the merse tbe print In it and squeegee
electro-magnet» are said to resemble face down on a clear piece of glass.
those of on orgsn combined with a When dry take a damp cloth or soft
stringed Instrument, giving novel pos­ sponge and wipe off any surplus gela­
tin on tbe glaas.—Popular Mechanics.
sibilities of melody
ly consMerahly lower
Moot farmer,
rale«- oats tnon- because they have to
than because they think there la any
money In It. If hand.ed rightly, how
ever, oata can be made a money crop
One of tbe moot luiportaut point* Io
oat growing In the aelevtloa of cred
that Is adapted to tbe locality
are a cool weather crop
I’be hot
midsummer weather of tbe corn belt
la one of tbe chief factors causing low
oat yield*
XVhen tbe hot weather
strikes the oata they blight and rust
badly. Many titnea (bey crinkle dowa
aud do not fill well
Advantage of Early Variati««,
The only way this can be arnld»*d In
the corn belt Is to now early varieties.
These ripen before tbe hottest «earner
comes an«l roipr many of the (00
hies that affect later oata
Earty va-
rletleo are much lean snaceptlble to
rust than late ones are. The selection
of rust proof varieties In the only way
of combating thin disease, since, un­
like smut. It «-annot lie prevented bv
treating tbe seed.
Experiments at the lows eiperlment
station show nine liasbels more to tbe
acre In favor of early varieties The
average of twelve years erjerlmentn
at the Nebraska station gave the early
mits f«>urt«H-n bn-hela to tbe acre a<l
In good oat yrors— that Is.
those with a cool summer—tbe differ­
ence Is not so marked
In aneb sea­
wins tbe late oats yleld«*d seven bush­
els to the acre I« mw than the early
while tbe medium outs yield’d a little
In bad oat years and In the
corn belt four years out of five are bad
from the oats standpoint—tbe early va­
rieties yielded twenty-one bushels to
th«- acre more than the late atxl thir­
teen bushels more than the mmllnm.
Tile medium varh-tl«M« are more con­
venient. n« they do not crowd In on
haying and corn plowing like the early
om-K do
The use of Improved haying
machinery Is shortening Hie time re-’
qulrcd for putting up the hay crop,
however. The advantage of early outs
In yield will In m«i«t <-ases more than
make up for the disadvantage» of hav-
Ing tbe work crowdrd during the tirât
half of July
Early oats have another advantage
In that they give the clover a bet-
Where the oat» are not
ter cham-e.
got off the ground until the last of
July and dry weather follows, as tt
so often d«ics. the clover mnktsi little
growth and Is often killed out entire­
With tbe adoption of a systematic
rotation clover will nearly always tie
seeded with oats, so that this Is a point
that cannot I m - Ignored
It Is not advisable to ship tn oats
from a distance to seed the entire
Often you can get good early
seed from a neighbor at little more
than market price.
If there are no
early oats In your community you can
send away for a few bushels of a new
variety and plant them tn a corner of
the field by themselves
|f they give
graal satisfaction enough seed can be
saved from them to seed tbe entire
field the next wason. In the northern
part of the United Stat««« and In Can­
ada. where the summers are cool, late
varieties can tie profitably grown. In
smb localities they give a greater
yield and a larger, plumper ont
Preparing the Sesd.
After tbe s«-«-d has ts»en procured the
next step Is to get It Into shape to
This means a lltvral use of the
fanning mill
A large per cent of the
oata sown are shoveled from the bln
dlr«ictly Into the ne«-der
Most farm­
ers who do fan their oata simply run
them through once to blow out tbe
sticks and dirt and sieve out the weed
It pays well »c run the oats
through the mill two ur three times
to blow out all the licet seed,
work can be done in winter
Tbe ll<ht
there Is little else to do
oats that are blown out are Just aa
g«Mal for fee«! aw the others, and tbe
heavy ones that are left are worth asv-
eral tlm« aa much for seed.
In n-
lierlmenta carried on to show the com-
paratlve valne of light and heavy oata
the light seed yielded forty-seven bush-
There are «ever«I meth«si« of Mfl!
Ing of which the «*r»d gMte •cedef* 1«
the worst and the disk drill the t»e«L
Tie* two main objwts In seeding are
to get the seed In evenly and at ap­
proximately the snnie depth
The end
gnte seeder fulfills neither of thr-*e re­
quirement». The broad«*a«t aeetler «rat-
t«*rs tin- se«*d evenly, but It la covered
no ls*tter than with the end gate seed
er since buth d»»j»cnd upon the disk for
The disk drill Is m<»re ex
pensive and d«s*s n«»t get over the
ground as rapidly, but It distributes
th»* ae«*d evenly and puts It at tbe
wine depth
The sr«-d la dropp’d In
furrows made by the disks and thor­
oughly covered, so that one harrowing
Is all that la n«><esMary after drilling
Experiments show a conakb*rable ad
vantage In yield In favor of the disk
At the Iowa station the average of
four years’ ex(»erlments showed nin«*
bushels t«> th«« acre lu favor of drilling
over broadcasting. From half a buab-
el to a bushel less aeed to the acre is
re«|uir«*d when u drill la us»*«l. ns all
Goodner & Ritzer
Mahr s of MAHZIWR
tbrtirr l'un Mante).
Woodsaw in#
.1. It. Fitzgerald
! 1‘lmim «ikl
Route 1
Expressing, Draying “*■
and ALL
L^_ Gresham Harness Shop
til Kin«!» R«'|i«lrlhg quickly dot»«
20 Vein I tparfcm.«.
ltaF««KM*a* Dr A Tii«>in|«<>n «tt«l
S * I hotel
Fhoiir |MVI
J. M. SHORT. Al I)
Fk* ■idaa»*9ai graaa
< >rnr»n
!.. I). MAHONE
R«al Estate, I'robatf* and CorporuUMl
Prompt Attention U» All Busin*«««
t*hon*. Main 101«
• It Henry »14«
,’ak' p>r C%ir«ir ~
tiaaoim«' l.ugnic.
$6 d thousjnd on 16 fl and
24 ft. Ktniqh. 1x4. I\6. IxN.
and on 2x4. 2x6. 2xX.
Railway Mail Clerks Wanted
Ihe (Invernment pays Railway Mail
Clerks $A<Mi to $l,2<Mi. and other
employes up to JZ.SOO annually .
All Kinds l>r«'sar<l Lumber,
deliver any when*
Straus Lumber Co
Uncle Ham will hold aprimt eiamina-
ti’-na tlirouftlioul tin*
lUilway Mail Clrrka, Uu.tom 'lion«.-
Kteiiopraphers, Bookk«-.-|M-rs,
Ih-partni’-ntal Clerks an«l other tho.
ernmental position.
Thouaamla of ap-
IKiintinents will lH- made
Any manor
woman, in city or country, «-an Ket in­
struction and free information by writ­
ing at one.- to th«- Bureau of In­
struction, IV>2 Hamlin lluti<linu. Koch-
•9«u-r, N. Y.
I'llONK «H
Springwater Division
> «V» 7 4.1
Aft 9
5 (Y> 7 !.*»«
W Ufi 10
• •«»If lun< ii«»n
A 14 7 n * Io w 1.» 10
r» » 7 rj * 17 1» M 10
IrPiitH Junrtion
.i» .11 7 <•• H •J7 V « 10
a 4i 7 4X * 4o w NA IO
7 »•• * 4/> 9 9» 10
ft 41 •7 .’•» * •O 9 • Io
Hoa» h
s 7 M «1 9
7 A*
i ‘J • «.
M (>•
9 MU
M 0<
9 V«
m œ»
Mi« h-r ...........
10 •■)
•g 10
10 Oft
M 1J
I»« rn < r, rk
10 07
M 1*
Fngb- Cr.-. k
10 1H
M 41
1 -’H’ «d«
io J»»
IN 40
10 &'«¡
the teed la put where it can grow to <-AZAhKRO
the beat ad Van tag»* Clover bas a bet­
ter chance in drill«*d gralu. Tbe drill
Rhnuld be run north and south, so that
the mud can shine In between tbe rows
on the little clover plants.
Harvesting the Crop.
Preparation for harvest should be
made by having the binder in perfect
running order beforehand. If oats are
not rut as aoon as ripe they will al-
moat surely go down and tie lost.
Great rare should lx* taken In shocking
to are that the bundles stand up firm
If the straw Is not too grern the
shocks should tie capped, as a capped
shock will shed rain better
A shock
that stands up straight and la well
capped will sited a great deal of rsln
without wetting in much
It Is much
better to stark than to thrash out of
the shock. The oats will sweat some­
where. and they will be of better qual­
ity if they do It In the stark instead
of In the bln. It has been proved many
times over that there la nothing to bs
gnlne«J by thrashing oats from the
shock. Oats that have been permitted
to go through the sweating process In
a well protected stark are always of
better quality than those which have
been hurried Into tbe thrasher.
h <! h
< '11 rrl n* v 11 Ic
R«Kli* < r««*k
h< <*|> < r< < k
A nd•• mon..
H om
. .........
By«« more
l>-nt* Junction
Golf Junction..
l!> 1
; i * j
«. ■ W 7 ( f »- n
la <ft|7 »>|N
1 Ml W
> tl I IS
) a i » i
’I» et io io n M >aiu<
M 7 40
« » l<> i. U nt
'> »> to
It -«> t
a Hally Bscept Hunday.
JuneX0"*0" CU7’
J» J H I JJ . j; ; n J 2 J 2
M 1 M 1 M 4 N ! N I M M
J S|4 S • S'S 3| t S
!• X H» «A11
»¡a m
A. M. acaras In Human. P. M fl(nr«. |„ btaok,
P“rk ,nd W*T P”'"1*' •h“«-
•» «»if
For Lente, Mt. Scott and Mat side pointe. chanRn can at Lente Junction
Genera) Office., Fint and Alder 8te., P obtlamd . O bboor .