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About Heppner gazette. (Heppner, Morrow County, Or.) 1892-1912 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1892)
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with one exception, has the largest circuht-
Therefore it ranks high as an advertising
HEITNER, MORROW COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 12, 181)2.
Tuesdays and Fridays
THE PATTERSON PUBLISHING COMPANY.
ALVAH W.PATTERSON Bus. Manager.
oris Patterson ...Editor
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THE UAZETTE'S AG SNTS.
Wagner B. A. Hunsaker
Arlington, Henry Heppner
Long Creek, 'IheKagle
Echo, Bob Shaw
Canuis Prairie, Oscar Ue Vaul
Mattcson Allen McFerrln
Nye, Or.,. H. C. WriKht
Unrdman, Or., J, A. Woolery
Hamilton, Grant Co., Or Mattie A. Kudio
lone T. J. Carl
Prairie City, Or R. R. McHaley
Canyon City, Or 8. L. Parrish
Pilot Hock, G. P. Bkelton
Davville, or., a SV0W
John Uav, Or F. I. McCalluin
Athena, Or John Edington
Pendleton, Or., Wm. U. McCroskey
Mount Vernon, Grant Co., Or Postmaster
Shelbv, Or., Miss Stella Flett
Fox, Grant Co., Or., J. F. Allen
Eight Mile, Or., Mrs. Andrew Ashbaugh
Upper Khea Creek B. F. Hevland
Douglas, Or ; B,- White
Lone itoek.Or...." R. M. Johnson
Gooseberry W. P. Snyder
Condon, Oregon Herbert Halstcad
Lexington .-. W. B. McAlister
AN AOKNT WANTED IN EVERY PRECINCT.
Union Pacific Railway-Local card.
No. 10, mixed leaves Hepnner 8:20 a. m.
10, " ar. at Arlington 11-50 a.m.
9, " leaves " 8:47 p. m.
" (I, " ar. at Heppner 7Xl p. m, dully
Kant bound, main line nr. at Arlington 8:50 p. m.
West " ' " leaves " :30 p. m.
Night trains are running on same time as before.
Stage leaves for Monument daily,
excei t Sunday,- at 6 :80 A. M.
Arrives daily, except Monday, at
S :00 p. m.
United States Official.
President lienianiin Harrison
Vice-President Ley! P. Morton
See eln:y of ate John W. lost r
B-cretw-yof Treasury Charles roster
Secretary of Interior J- W. N oble
Heen-tary of War Stephen H Elkms
Secretary of Navy i-:"' F-10
PostinKster-Geueral John Wanan aker
Attorney-General W. Ii. H. Miller
Secretary of Agriculture Jeremiah Kuak
State of Oregon.
Treasurer Pnl1- Helsnhan
Supt. Public Instruction E. B. McKlroy
Senators 1 J. N. Uolph
j Binger Hermann
Congressmen j W. R. Ellis
p!lt Frank O.Baker
VnuUr.... (F.A. Moore
Supreme Judges U. Ib
Seventh Judicial District.
Circnit Judge WWJ'H,rWita
Prosecut m Attorney W. H. Wils n
Morrow County Official".
Joint Senator Henry Blekman
("..nntv Tudne Julias Keilhly
Connnissioners. . . . Peter Brenner
J. M. Baker. ,
Sheriff $" Noble.
Treasurer W. J. L ezer
' Hurvevor Isa Brown
HEPPNEB TOWN OFFICERS.
Counr-il'in'e'n' O. E. Farnsworth. al
Lichtenthal, Otis Patterson, S. P. Garngues.
ThoB. .ilorgan and Frank Uilliam.
Raorder A. A. Roberts.
Treasurer E. G. Slocum
Justice of the Peace P. J. Hl
L'oustable J. J. Robert
Cnlted States Land Omcers.
THE DALLES, OR.
J. W. Lewis JMT
LA GRANDE, OB.
A Cleaver Register
Doric Lodpre No. 20 K. et f. meetii ev
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their Castle Hall. National Bank boild
iiie. Bojonrning brothers rordiallv in
vited to attend. Kmil VoBOZ, C. (.
C. AUBBET. K. of B. 4 S.
KAWL1N8 POST, NO. 31.
a. A. E.
Meets at Lexington, Or., the last Saturday of
each month. All veteran are Invited to joii a
i - C I4rtnn.
Oxo. W. Smith.
A A. EGBERTS, Keal Estate, Insnr-
ance and Collections. Office in
Council Clambers, Heppner, Or. swtf.
J. N. BKOWN, JAS. D. HAMILTON.
Attorney at Law.
Brown & Hamilton
Practice in all courts of the state. Insurance,
real estate collect! in and loan jurents.
Prompt attention given tu all business entrust
ed to them.
Offick, Mais Htbhit. Hippseb. Obioos.
At Abrabamoick'e. In additiod to bis
tailoring business, be has added a 6ne
line of underwear of all kinds, negligee
Bbirts, hosiery, etc. Also has on band
iome elegant patterns for suits. A.
Abrahamsiok, May street, Heppner, Or.
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tf. PORTLAND OREGON
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T"As the publishers limit the time and
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m directiont how to treat and cure
themselves at home by writing to the
California Medical and Scboical In
firmary, 1u293 Market Strep. San
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To try it is to become a friend to it
For sale by Slocum-JohiiBton Drug Co.,Heppnc
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now It It I6S ibs. s re
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A. KAKPF.N A- CO.,
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Ml NBIVGUS 01 ill Pi
From some long stnmlin? ailmeut , or fee
(bat yom constitution (nervoim syHtem
in tailing, or that strnie affliction hi'
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voa, whioh yon have been, and are still
unable to throw off or oontrol, wbetlie
in the first or last utage remember th'
and system ot home trentment will cur
No medical orothermodeof electric trcatmen
can at all compflre with them. Thousanda o
women who suhVr for years with complaint!
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Electric treatment for discuses suggested, pro
perly applied, is perfect and haB no good substi
tute. The GrcL'tr Electric Belt and Aunliancc
aretheonly ones- in existence that supply 1
peneci mone 01 Hijpiicsiion.
The Gregg Electric Foot VS'armer, price $1 .Of
keeps the feet warm and dry and is theonb
genuine Electric Insole.
People who have paid their money and bee
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ahigue of testimonials, prices, etc., 6c. Circulf
BIG INDUCEMENTS TO GOOD AGENTS,
THE GREGG ELECTRIC CURE CO
501 Inter Ocean Building, Chicago. II1
Good all the time. It removes
the languor of morning, sus
tains the energies of noon, lulls '
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1 Hal BeeH
' delicious, sparkling, appetizing.
Ton't be deceived if a dealer, for the lake
of larger profit, tells you Iwme other kind
is as oo4 as Uie genuine Hibbs'.
Hint. Concerning Transplanting from
Seedbed to Open Field.
Lato cabbages are each as mature dur
ing the months of gnrtember, October
and November, the v ed for which is
town in the open ground iu May or
dime, as ttie ground used tor late cab
bage only yields one crop, unless manure
is cheap and abundant, it will not often
pay to use it in the-prfusion required for
early cabbages. It U usual to manure
in the hill, as is done for early crops, if
with stable manure, but when that is
not attainable, some concentrated f er
tilizer, such as bona dust or guano
should be used, giving a good handful
for each hill, but being careful of course
to mix it well with the soil for about
nine or ten inches d,;ep and wide. In
this way about 300 pounds per acre will
be needed, when 6,000 or 7,000 plants are
set on an acre. In our practice we find
nothing better than pure bone dust and
guano mixed together.
In transplanting c-ibbages from the
seedbed to the open fk Id in summer, the
work is usually done in' a dry and hot
season end of June or July and here
again we give the oft repeated warning
or tne aosoiute necessity ot having every
plant properly firmed.. If the planting
is well done with the dibber, it may be
enough, but it is often not well done,
and as a measure of safety it is always
best to turn back on the rows afier
planting and press alongside of ach
plant with the foot.' This is quickly
done, and besides it rests the planter, so
that he can start on the next row with
The cultivation of lato cabbages is in
all respects similar to that of early, ex
cept as it is usually planted alone; the
work of cultivation is done entirely by
the horse cultivator, the rows and plants
in the rows being, accoiding to the kind,
from twenty-four to thirty inches apart.
There are a great number of kinds of
fered in the different seed lists, but ex
perienced cultivators confine themselves
to but very few kinds, says Henderson
in his Gardening for Profit, from
which the foregoing cultural notes were
The Potato Hot.
The potato rot fungus attacks both
the foliage and the tuber of the plants,
causing in the one case what is called
blight of the vines, and in the other
what is best known as jv.itato rot. The
first appearance opjthejv i seen in
yellow spots and a powdery Bubstance
on their surface. These spots soon turn
brown, and finally the whole plant be
comes infected and dies. If the leaf
spines come in contact with the tubers,
or if the fungus reaches them through
the stems, rotting of the tubers ensues,
provided there is a continuance of
warm, moist weather, which seems to
be a condition attending the prevalence
of the disease. In seasons when the at
mosphere is cool the tops are not at
tacked, and if the soil remains cool the
tubers will often escape when the tops
Unfavorable climatic conditions of
course cannot be prevented, bnt it should
be remembered that a loose, light soil
does not promote the decay like one in
which water is held and the air enters
with difficulty. Deeply planted pota
toes may escape; while tubers lightly
covered may more readily contract the
disease from the vines. As a rule pota
toes should be dug as soon as the vines
show that they have been struck by the
rot. As an applied preventive some of
the experiment stations have reported
favorably on spraying the vines three or
four times with bordeaux mixture. Used
at half strength and with paris green,
beginning with the appearance of the
potato bng, it may be made to serve two
purposes. Early planting and early
harvesting are auo in the line of safety
against the potato rot.
A correspondent in the American
Agriculturist says concerning late tur
keys: In the last fifte"ii years I have owned
several turkey hens that have, while
taking care of tho first early brood, laid
eggs, and then batched a second brood
toward the latttr part of Bummer. 1
think vigorous huus will often do so if
allowed to sit early. It makes the young
turkeys rather late, but with good quar
ters and good care they can be Bold in
February, as they will then be five or
six months old and, taking into account
the higher prices to be obtained at that
season, will generally bring more than
the early ones marketed before the
Christmas holidays. If from lack of
proper care they are not salable in Feb
ruary, they can be kept over, and make
plump, heavy birds for the early winter
market. Some of the heaviest and most
salable turkeys that I have ever sent to
market have been such very late broods,
wintered over without extra care. Such
hens will always be in demand by every
buyer who wants a Thanksgiving or
Christmas roast, you may be sure; and
the gobblers will not be overlooked.
Asparagm for Market.
Market gardeners appreciate the ad
vantages of rubber bands when bunch
ing asparagus for market. Professor
Greene, of the Ohio experiment station,
set the fashion, and a favorite way with
him last season was to sup a rubber i
band over an ordinary coffee cup, hold
ing it near the top of the cup. Then the
cup is filled with the asparagus to bo
bunched, thrusting the heads of the
shoots downward into the cup. When
the cup is fnll the rubber band is pulled
over the top of the cup upon the aspara
gus, the bunch removed from the cup
and another band slipped over the bunch
near the top3. This makes a bunch of
about the right size and leaves the top of
the bunch nicely rounded. ' All that re
mains to be done is to square the buU
with a sharp knife. 1
A Wisconsin Woman Exprei,Re Her View
on Hiving lleea.
When hot we.nther comes on, a thriv
ing hive will begin to "hang out," as ii
is called; that is, the bees gather in
clusters on the outside of the hive.
After this a swarm may be looked for
at any favorable time. The bees are not
apt to come out when the wind blows
hard or in cloudy weather. Between 9
a. m. and 8 p. ni. is the usual time.
Bees have many singular freaks, not al
ways the same, but varying in their ways.
Sometimes they will alight on the high
est limbs of a tree. Two years ago sev
eral swarms all alighted on currant
bushes; then they are harder to hive, be
cause they have to 1 gathered with a
large wing or brush broom on a dust
pan and then emptied into tbe hive. A
medium sized cherry or apple tree is the
most convenient, where tho swarm may
be reached with a stepludder. When
put on their stands in the spring the
bees should be placed with a view to
some near and convenient tree, where
they will naturally cluster. Home have
had good results by planting a mullein
stalk with its black top resembling
somewhat a swarm of bees lighted to
gether, and bees have considerately used
Sometimes bees are notional about the
hive in which they are put, and will
soon vacate it. If they aro contented
with their quarters they will at once go
to work cleaning out the hive if it seems
to them to need it. Last year a hive
came off and did not appear to take
kindly to the hive, and scattered through
tle air as if demoralized. The queen
waB found, having fallen in tho grass
One of her wings was clipped as an ex
periment, and she was returned to the
hive; but as she seemed restless the bee
keeper made a little cage of wire net
ting, put the queen inside and hung the
cage in the top of the hive on one of the
cross pieces. In five minutes every bee
belonging to the swarm gathered in the
hive and made no further movement to
ward running away. A week or so
afterward the top was taken off to see
the result, and the bees were making
combs as if nothing had happened and
had made a little alloy up to the queen's
cage by which they could get to the
queen and feed her through the wires or
rather between them. In the course ef
a month the queen was liberated and all
went well with them afterward.
Watching for young swarms becomes
very monotonous when they are tardy
about making their appearance, unless
some one of the family has the time to
give to it. If well attended to bees will
double and often more, too, in numbers
in the same season, besides supplying
the tablt, with aria of liw'greaicsv luxu
ries, unadulterated honey. On a hot day
before bees are shaken into a hive it
ought to be well wet on the inside with
cold water and a little salt or sugar dis
solved in the water.
Mildew of the Gooseberry,
The claim has been generally made,
and as generally accepted as correct,
that our native varieties of the goose
berry are mildew proai, but according
to a bulletin from the Michigan experi
ment station, when applied to tho plan
in open culture, it must certainly be
taken with grave exceptions, since oven
the Houghton, which most nearly ap
proaehes the native type, rarely, in open
exposure, wholly escapes a partial loss
of foliage from mildew; while Smith
and Downing, with such exposure, very
generally in midsummer lose all save a
few of the terminal leaves of each shoot
True, says tlie uuthority mentioned,
these two varieties, usually cailed na
tives, may, from certain of their pecul
iarities, not unnaturally be suspected tu
possess a strain of foreign blood. Ee
this as it may, they certainly are too
hnglish in this particular.
The best soil for tho sweet potato ia a
warm, well drained ono of medium fer
tility. ' Rich soil is liablo to produce too
rank a growth of vines and the conse
quent development of tubers too small
for use. A plau followed by some of our
progressive fanners is that of scattering
a special potato fertilizer in the furrows
at the rate of bOO pounds or more per
acre. The cultivation consists in keep
ing the sou free from weeds and occa-1
sionally lilting the vines to detach them
from the ground where they have begun
to strike root between the rows and hills.
The New York Florists' club holds the
annual chrysanthemum show of 1H92 at
Madison Square garden during the week
beginning Nov. 1. J. V. Gottschalk,
whose office is at the garden, is tho one
to whom applications for space may be
made. The premiums offered amount
to nearly $fJ,0U0 for exhibits of chrysan
themums, palms, foliage plants, ros.'S,
carnations, violets, mignonette, lilies of
the valley and miscellaneous plants.
Cotton has been ginned bv electricity
at the Agricultural and Mechanical Col
lege of Alabama, t Auburn.
The mesquite bean, that grows ran':
in Mexico and Texas, when browno I
and ground, it is said, masquerades as a
genuine Java, which it resembles in ap
pearance and odor. I
The majority of beekeepers use full
sheets of comb foundation in tho sec
tions. Only thin sheets, made especially
for that purpose, should be used for
comb honey, says Tho American Bee
It has been demonstrated at the Kan
sas station that when a high quality of
fodder is required farmers must grow
the fodder or ensilage crop by itself and
keep it distinct from the crop grown for
The furnishing of grass sod for city
and town lawns and plats is a flourish
ing industry among a certain class of
farmers iu tho vicinity of New York
and other large cities.
Thinning tree fruits is now practiced
by our best fruit growers. Better fruit
and mora money ia tbt remit.
THE SUMMER CAMPAIGN.
Preparations That Are Always Made by
' tlood Dairymen.
The following are essentials of prepa
ration: If tlie milk can is old and cor
roded with rust, buy a new one for the
use of milk, and use the rusty one in
which to draw hack whey from the
factory. The iron eroded from the old
can may make a good tonic for the pig's
swill, tint such a tonic is not needed in
butter a:::! cheese.
Where do you generally store your
whey at the farm for pig feeding? Y'ou
probably do not consider it of much
value anyway, and so dump it into an
old swill barrel that soon becomes rank
iy sour. Well of course the wasto fluid
of milk is not as nutritious as a grain
mixture, but what untri-.ueiit there is
remember costs you nothing but the
labor involved in preserving, and it is
In dairy sections it has been time and
again proved that swine could be kept
in flourishingly growing order on whey
alone, with a limited grass pastur
age, but the whey, understand, did not
have its nutritive quality destroyed by
an intense acidity. Now, while -you
have time, fix a well hooped barrel or
cask just inside of the pigsty and with
edge over the trough. A common
wooden faucet should be placed at the
bottom of the barrel, with nozzle over
the trough, but protected from the
reach of the swine.
An open trough should lead from the
top of the barrel through the wall to
outside of tho sty. In coining from the
factory with whey yon have simply to
stop at the side of the sty ami dump tlie
whey into tho trough, whence it flows
into the barrel. By the use of the fau
cet in drawing the swill off into the
trough as needed you dispense with slop
pails. It is vital that the barrel and
troughs do not become sour and filthy,
to prevent which they should be rinsed
out every day, with a scrub of hot water.
By tho way, how clean do yon keep
your cows' udders and how closely do
you strain your milk iu the spring?
Generally a dairy man who is careless
about allowing filth and excrement to
drop into the milk is indifferent about
straining it out. All milk, however,
should be strained very closely, whether
yon think that there is any lilth in it or
The farmers who keep their cows most
'leai'ly bedded nra th outa who a.e th'
most thorough with tho use of strainers,
nut we had rather drink their milk be
fore straining than somo milk after it
had been strained u dozen times. 1
touch upon this subject because somany
limes I have seen patrons bring their
first mess of milk of tho season to the
factory liberally spiced with black
specks of excrement. Iu apology 1
nave had them say, "As soisf as 1 got
around to it I will rig up a strainer and
strain my milk." I can only say, ob
serve even common cleanliness before
run ever draw your milk from off tlie
rm. II it requires preparation to do
ibis make it now. Cor. American Cul
tivator Operating Die Hits Churn.
The box churn used in creameries
ives the cream four falls or concus
sions to each revolution. The length of
lime required for a churning shows that
the striking force is weak, or tho butter
would come sooner. Tho force is weak
ened by inattention to details,
If the churn revolves too slowly, the
ream merely slides along the bottom
the churn quietly glides around under
the cream, causing little disturbance.
If the churn revolves too fast the con
infugal force developed throws the
cream against the entire inside circum
ference of the churn and it does not fall;
it rides around. Tho churn should be
speeded so as to give the greatest "thud"
to the cream, This causes concussion,
impacts the butter globules, anil if the
temperature is right they adhere.
The amount of cream iu the churn has
something to do with t ho work. A
churn speeded so as to do the best work
when ono-third full of cream, will not
do so well if fuller. The cream has less
fall and that in tho center of the churn
is not impelled forward with the motion
of the churn: it tends to stay in the mid
die and the cream near the outside re
voIvch anunnd.it and falls against it in
stead of hitting the bottom f the churn.
Some cream strikes the bottom, but a
large share of it is arrested by the mass
of cream. The temptation to fill the
churn too full must be religiously resist
wl, and the sieed of the churn must be
carefully regulated to do thorough work.
-Hoard s Dairyman.
If A delivers 0,0011 pounds of milk to
tho creamery in thirty days, containing
Loo pounds of butter fat, and B delivers
13,000 pounds of milk during tho samo
nine, containing 400 pounds of butter
fat, what do honor, truth und justice
require in the apportionment of divi
dend..' Hoard's Dairyman.
If. in spite of the bct care and treat
ment, a milk cow persistently declines
in health mil lie. Ii. it is a si;n sho has
win" a-.I'd'-nt and her milk is unlit for
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
A CHEAP POULTRY HOUSE.
Its Onner Considers It First Class foi
the Money Expended.
I send a description of a desirable and
comparatively cheap poultry house, that
I think covers all the requisites for keep
ing a flock of fowls in health and thrift
all the year round:
The building i3 8 feet wide by 10 feet
long, with shed roof 9 feet high in front,
sloping to 0 feet in rear. To suit my
surronndings, it faces nearly west; has
a door in the center with a half window
over it, and a window on each side of
the door. There v- window on
the south end and a . liidow in the
rear of the center i.? , . ,.. Siding. From
the door a passage!...; or hall goes
across the building, leaving a room on
each side for the roosting and laying
room. Between the hall snd the roost
ing rooms are the nest boxes, which
form the base of the partitions.
For roosts I prefer 2 by 4 studding
the 4-inch side up, and edges rounded.
Below each roost is a board 13 inches
wide to catch the droppings. The bot
toms of the nest boxes are on a level
with the sills; in fact, the ends rest upon
the sills and a block in the center pre
vents sagging. Above the nests are
lath partitions, with sliding doors per
mitting access to the roosting rooms
when desirable; but tho eggs being gath
ered from the passage, this is only neces
sary when the room requires cleaning.
The nest boxes are 8 feet long, 14
inches wide and 18 inches deep, divided
into seven nests. A board 8 inches
wide is nailed along each side of the
box, even with the bottom, and thus
leaving an opening 10 by 13 inches at
the top of each side of every nest. If
intended for the smaller breeds the boxes
may be divided for eight nests. When
the hens are all laviiicr. sliding dnnra
close the openings on the side toward
me passage, w nen one is to be set, by
simply transferring the sliding door to
the opposite side of the nest the hen is
at once shut out from all interference of
the other hims. n. matter nf tl,n t,r
importance in successful hatching. I
am raising oniy two breeds of fowls,
but a house constructed upon this plan
is capable of being lengthened and simi
larly divided to accommodate' any num
ber of varieties which may be desired.
Cor. Country Gentleman.
Kitty Vt nidus on Horse Breeding.
"Our ranch," Miss Wilkins went on
in answer to a question, "is in Owyhu
county, and we have on it, after this
season's sales, about 2,500 head of horses
and 1,500 of cattle. No, our horses have
no mustang blood in them, but are de
scended from Clydesdale and Percheron
stallions, with occasionally some trot
ting blood and American mares brought
from the east. We breed first for size
and strength and the lung power that
we think cannot be produced except by
range breeding at a considerable alti
tude. "Our ranch is at a height of about
8,000 feet above sea level, and our horses
are never lioused or fed until we round
them up to send them east. By actual
measurement 1 have found them in the
stock yards to be considerably larger
than other western horses, and we
haven't an animal in our herd that is
diseased in any way, nor aro we ever
troubled with any of the usual ailments
Miss Wilkins has not been satisfied
with Btudying the horso of the present,
but has dived into geological records,
and can tell you about the five toed and
three toed horses, no bigger than Bheep,
that roamed the plains of Idaho ages
and ages and ages ago, as fluently as
she can expound the superiority of open
air breeding to the nursery practice of
most stock farms.
"Of course," she admitted, "tho baby
treatment is all right if you merely want
to produco phenomenal and fancy priced
trotters and race horses that are good
for nothing else. But if you want a
thoroughly sound and hardy stock with
the lung power that is one of tho firstes
seutials of all round usefulness, then tho
range system is the only one to employ."
New York Herald.
The following, from the fifth annual
report of the Now York dairy commis
sioner, shows Home ways that are dark
and tricks that are mean
In the preparation of milk at cream
eries for the market of the consumer it
is well known that the proprietors as a
rule take particular pains to impress on
tho minds of their foremen that "it must
stand the lactometer test," which It is
accordingly made to do before shipment,
and on a failure or omission in this par
ticular, resulting in defection and subse
quent prosecution and line, the amount,
whatever it may be. Is to be deducted
from the wages or earnings of Hiich em
ployee as a penalty for the offense. That
such are the facts I have been personal
ly informed by a number of the fore
I am well satisfied in my own mind
that in this preparation of milk, not less
than from four to six quarts of skimmed
milk are added to each can of pure milk,
though the lactometer test is power
less to detect its presence by specific
gravity alone. I am. therefore, of tho
opinion that more samples of their milk
should be taken to a competent chemist
for analysis, this being the only method
for the detection of such Irregularities.