OFFICIAL PAPER. Buy advertising space because ruins are lowgcncrully the circulation is a sight lower. Circulation determines the value of advertising ; there is no other standard. The. Gazette is willing to abide by it. The Paper. Without it advertisers yet nothing for their money, the Gazette, with one exception, lias the largest circula tion of any paper in Partem Oregon. Therefore it runts high as an advertising medium. A 1 HEPPNER, MORROW COUNTY, OREGON, FRIDAY, JULY 29, 1892. TENTH YEAR NO. oil. iSomo People SEM 1-WBEKLY GAZETTE. PUBLISHED Tuesdays and Fridays by HIE PATTERSON PUBLISHING C0J1P1M AI.VAH W.PATTERSON Bus. Manager. OTIS PATl'KItBON ....Editor At f 3.(10 per year, $1.50 for six months, for three mouuis; in advance. $1.00 Advertising Rates Made Known on Application. Tto"EAaLE," of Long Creek, Grant County. Oregon, is published by the same com pany everv Friday morning. Subscription price, 2 per year. For advertising rates, address CKXlSr Ii. FATIEBS02T. Editor and Manager, Lonir Creek, Oregon, or "Gazette,", Heppner, Oregon. THIS PAPER is kept on file at E. (1. Oako's X Advertisinc Awncy, H4 and fl5 Merchants KxchnnRH, Han Francisco. California, where con tracts for advertising can be made for it. 1 C. TEN'TI.AND, SECRETARY (IF THE J, Orct'on Press Association, 26 Asli Street, between Firbt and Second, Portland, Orceoa, is our only agent located in that place. Advertis ers should consult hlra for rates and apace In the Gazette. THE GAZETTE'S AG SNTS. Wagner .' B. A. Hunsiikcr Arlington, ; Henry Heppner Long Creek, The Eagle Echo, Camas Prairie Matteson, Nvo, Or., Hardman, Or Hamilton, Grant Co., Or ione, Prairie City, Or., Canyon City, Or Pilot Rock, Dnvvllle, Or , John Day, Or Athena, Or Pendleton, Or., Mnnnt Wrimii liriint Co.. Or. Bob Shaw Oscar le Vaul Allen McFerrin H.C. Wright I. A. Woolery ...Mattie A. Rudio T. .1. Carl R. R. Mcllaley 8. L. I'tiri'lsti G. P. Skcltou J. E. snow ....F. I. McCnllura .....John Edington VVm. G. McCroskey postinasier Shelliv, Or.', Miss Htella I'Tett Fox, Grant Co., Or J- F. Allen Eight Mile, Or., Mrs. Andrew Ashlwugh rpperllhea Creek, B. F. Hcvlaud Douglas, Or A White Lone Kock, Or R. M. Johnson oooseborrv W. P. Snyder Conrlon, Oregon Herbert Halstead Idxiugton W. H. WtAliBter AN AUENT WANTKI1 iS 1(VKHY rjUEClXCT.. Union Pacific Railway-Local card. N' 10, mixed leaves Heppner 8:20 a. m. !0, " ar. at Arlington 11-SOa.m. , 9, " loaves " l: p. m. ' (t, " ar. at Heppner 1:00 p. ui. daily except Munday. East bnnnd, main line ar. at, Arlington Ji0 p. m. West " '' " leaves " 4:'J0 p. in. Night trains are miming on same time as before. HEPPNER-MONUMENT STAGE. citaae leaves for - Mounmeut tfaily, nxw'i t Sunday, nt6:30 A. M. Arrives dully, except Monday, at 5 :(K) P. M. United States OitlcialH. President Benjamin Harrison Vice-President Levi P. Morton HpceUoy of State. John W. Fostr Charles Foster J. W. Noble ...Stephen B. Elkins . . R. F. Tracy Secretary or Treasury.. Secretary of Interior.. Secretary of War Secretary of Navy FoRtHmHtoT-Geueral. .. John Wanarmiker W. H. H. Miller Attorney-Ueneral Secretary of Agriculture Jeremiah Husk State of Oregon. f. .... H. Pennoyer twetarv of " State tt. V . Mclirnle Treasnrer Pi"1' 3'etHclian Supt. Public Instruction E. B. MoKlroy ( J. H. Mitchell Senators J. N.Dnluh J Binger Hermann Congressmen 7 W. R. Ellis Printer Frank 0. Raker "lnter IF. A. Moore Hn limit) A Judaea W. P. Lord -. . l " . S. Bean Seventh Judicial District. -ircuit Judge W. L. g)shaw Prnsaencinir Attorney W. H. W llsull Morrow Conuty Oflieials. vloint Senator Sienresentative OmmyJudKe ' Commissioners... J. M. Baker. Dork Sheriff Treasurer ' Assessor " Surveyor " hchool Sup't.... ( 'oroner .Honry Blackman J.N. mown Julius Keithly ....Peter Brenner J. W. Morrow Geo. Noble. W. J. L ezor K. 1j. haw Iaa Brown W. L.Salini! T. W.Ayers, Jr HKPPNER TOWN OFFICERS. ,,v, T. J. Matlock ('ounciline'ii'.'.!'. O. E. Farnsworth, M Stenthai, Otis Patterson 8. P. Uarripies, Tlios. Jtorgan and Frank (iilliam. R.,P1ipr ,.A. A. Hnnorts. rearer K. 0. Wocu.n SSl:::: v:..... j- w. nasmus. PreilnctOffleers. Justice of the Peace F. J. Hajloek Constable J-J- lODert I nlted States land Officers. THE DALLES, OR. J.W.Lewis KffJ T.B.Lann linceiv.r LA 0BANDK, OR. ACleBver.......... A. U. McClelland., lto(jiter "t ltoceiver SEOEEI SOCIETIES. Doric Lodge No. 20 K. of P. meets ev ery Tuesday evening at 7.30 o clock in their Castle Hall, National Bank build ing. Sojourning brothers eonliallv in vited to attend. Emil Vobcz, L. (,. 1 C. ACBBEV. K. of K. & o. tl KAWUN8 POST,N3. SI. G. A. B. Meets at Lexington, Or., the last Saturday of hinnnth All veterans are gtrf tojota. ' Adiniant. tf Commander. A. A. KOBERTa, Keal estate, lusnr nnne AlUi UO leCUOUS. umuo r- ,, ft K.n in Connoil Chambers, Heppner, Or. swtf. j. N. HKOWN. J AS. D. HAMILTON. Attorney at Law. Brown & Hamilton Practice in all courts of the slate. Insurance, roatGHUto ouliactijn and loan twenW. Prompt attention given to all bomnew entrust ed to inert. Ofpick, Mais Street. Hkppnkb. Oheoon. Wbrrc? At AlMb8miiek'B. In Bdilition to bis tailoring business, be has added a fine line of underwear of all kindo, nejtli?ee shirts", hosiery, etc. Also has on hand some elegant patterns for suits. A. Abrabanwiok. May street, Heppner, Or. A Year's Subscription to a Pop ular Agricultural Paper GIVEN FREE TO OUR READERS I By a special arrangement with the publishers we are prepared to furnish FKE13 to each of onr readers a year's subscription to the popular mouthly agricultural journal, the American Farmer, published, at,. Springfield and Cleveland, Ohio. This offor is made to. any of our snb- seribers who will pay up fill arrearages on subscription and one year in advanoe, and to any uew subscribers who will pay one year iu advance. The American Farmer enjoys a large national circula tion, and ranks among the leading agricultural papers. '. .'By this arrange ment it COSTS YOU NOTHING to re- oeive the Ammuoan Farmer for one vear, It will be to your advantage to oail promptly. Sample copies can be s?en at our office. From Terminal or Interior Points the Northern Pacific HA I MJO A !)! la the lino to take Xa aD Points Eastand South. ' it in the Din hi afar Route. It runs Through Vestibnted Trains every day in the year to St. Paul and Chicago (No Change t Oars) . , Composed of DINING CAKS unsnrpwrl, PULLMAN DRAWING ROOM SLEEPERS Of Latest Equipment TouristSleepingCars RanHhtit pan nonHtmi'tpri iw.d ill which nc- coin moduli". b ro both fres and fnrniHhpd for holders of iiitit or tmuond-eliiKH tickets, trail Elegant Day Coachs. 'a Continuous Lirio connecting with ill Lines, affording Direct and Uninter rupted Service. Pullman Sleever Reservations can be Secured in advance through any agent of the road. THROIJGlT" TICKETS Tn,nH fmm nli nniiils ill America. Enln id and Karon can bo purchased at any Ticket otlice of this Company. Full information concerning .rates, time ot trains, routes and other details furnished ou application to any agent, or A. D. CHARLTON, Assistant Oeueral Passeneer Agent, Nn. 121 First St.. Cor. Washington, it. PORTLAND OREGON Tlie Orlg'na1 RY SPECIAL ARRANOKMENT WITH THE niihliaht'rd U'fi iLPI libit! to ObtilJU a Illllnber of th above book, and propose to furnish a copy ro eaen oi our nuusuhmi-ib. 1 tie QlCllonury in a iiu-innm """"c. Hchool and huhiness houne. n hub a vacancy ..Tirf fiirniflh.iti Irnnwli'dtre which 110 OHO lllin dred other volumes of the choicest hookR could supply. Youngand old, educated and iKUorant, rich aud poor, should have it within reuch, and .frtr tt itu cotitciilK nvrtrv oilv In the veur. 'ar tvniin have asked if 'this is really the Orig inal Weitster's UiMibridtrHi Dictionary, wo are able to state we have ieurnen oireei irom me nuhlitthers the ffu-t. that thin is the very work complete ou which about forty of the bent years ihQ onthnr'a lift' wore ho well euinloved in writintr. It contains the entire vocabulary of about 100,000 words, including the correct spoil ing, derivation ami definition of same, and iB the regular standard size, containing about ;lou,0Ou square inches of printed tuirhiec, aud is bound in cloth half morocco and sl.eeo. Until further notice we will furnish this valuable Dict;onary First To any new subscriber. SecondTo any renewal subscriber. Third To any subscriber now in arrears who pays up and one year in advance, at the following prices, viz: FuM Cloth bound, gilt -side and back stamps marbled edges $:-oo. Half Mo occo, bound, gilt side and back stamps, marbled edges. $1.50. Full Sheep bound, ieather label, marbled edges, $2.00 Fifty cents added in all cases for express- age to Heppner. rjyH the publishers limit the tlrno and number of books they will furnish at the low priceB we advise all who deKire to avail them selves' of this great opportunity to attend to it at once. FBEETQ THE BFFLIGTED. All who are suffering from the effects of Youthful Errors, Loss of Manhood, Failing Powers, Gonorrhoea, Gleet, Stricture, Syphilis and the many troubles which are the effecta of these terriMe disorders will receive, Fhee of Charqb, full directions how to treat and cure themselves ut home by writing to the Caupoiinia Medical akd Hi roioal In fikmaet. h'WH Market Street, Sbh Francisco, California. 4fiu-lr, leister's Unabndged B16TIBI1BT. RHEUMATISM neuralgia, and sciatica can always be successfully treated with Ayer's Sarsaparilla A cure is sure to follow the persistent use of this . medicine. Has Cured Others will cure you. Wni. imw m Is Pain From Bomii loDK-ttanding Aflment, or feel that, vour oonstitritinn (nervous Bystem) is failing, or that aome aHliction has taken, or is taking, perniaiiHtit hold of you, which you have boon, and .are still, nnnulti to tlirow on or ooutroi, wnenier in the first or Inst Btnye remember that Dr. Gregg s ELECTRIC BELTS And Appliances. KM it and Hjptt'Ui of home treHfmo will curt yon. ,, , ,; ,, ; ..: ( .. ... j , ojHi at all romimro with tiiVm. 1IluHfindn ot wnmiMi w no fiiiiiiT lur yvara wnii t'uuipiuuittt pwuliiir to Bffx, fuive hecn nampkttoly and )cr nmneiitiy resroretl to luftlth. fewer men have also btyn.Run.'rt. Klectrk- trt?ftfme?it I'orfHsfflpeB BiitroRted, pro prly flpplicd, in perfect ami has nogotKl substi tnte. ThedrPKK Elwtrlc Bi'lt and .ppliunot!B ait? the only oiw in uxistem-e tliat supply a porttict Mionp t a pp fixation. The (Iri'rp KlirotrUr Fctot Wnnnor, price $1.00, kcepn tlie iVet v arm and dry iu! is the only genuine lilwtn iiiKole. People who have puM their moiipy and been nmt'd can tell ymi whut InirJ heen dune for them in a wny that will convince you. Complete eat aloue of testiiuoniulri, prteea, etc., (k. Circulur '"'big inducements to good agents, . .iidtfr&6-. , TflK (il'.ECG ELliCTRIC CDEE CO. 501 Inter Ocean Building, Chicaeo, III. CM Write for our Mammoth riOatniotfue, a (WO -page hook, plainly illustrat iV'd, Riving Man 11 fact ur fjevs' lowest price with manufacturers' discount on nil roods manufnet- .nrcdund imported into the United .Mates. ir, to .Ml cents on every dollar vou snend. We sell oulj" ii rut-class goods Groceries, r u r 11 1 ture, clothing. Dry Goods, Hats, Caps, Boots and sinies. Notions. Crock- erv, Jewelry, Buggies mid Iluruesfi, Agricul tural Implements; in 'net anything you want. 1 uy uuying oi nn. '!' cents to pay ex- rcHMHire on catalogue, a B Oliver s gume, u nn lite onlv concern that sells st lmtnuraetureis' priccn, allowing the buyer the same discount that the manufacturer gives to the wholesale trade. We trutirardee all goods to be enualto rfni-t-KnittiititniH or money refunded, floods sent by express or freight, with privileneof e.;unlna ti'on iK'fore paying. V2 (iuineey ct., Chicagu, It you tnkciilllait Is hirnmo yon hnvc ni'vcr trii-il llw S. B. B8affiQlli& Liver Dure It ivories fio iiiiit'lv. cliiiiiniiiiti tin? Livyr mill Kiilnoys; acts hs mild Jili.vHii' williout Homing piitn or hi.-kncK", hiki iloi'H not hioii you iroin eatiiiir hikI workini;. To trij it is to become a friend to it. For sale by SlocmivJolitmton Drug Co., Heppner Miu, tiiuyUM.ij lui iiiiMncKii-, K'tu L'tnin K"u-H,aH wtin.i UK- l'i rfi-i c work, wt-itf' t, uikI ruiinot Ij-j di; tee'rii Ijvo tuidiTs. (j.tufliU uti.tl corfcs pontic' ''0 with utiux invi t ttl. Price '-Siinf-Outs-' r t i-ol, 3. Fair lind.i t-ye, Iviry (Miucut 1 pair, loaded, hlirh or low, 15. Or'linry work, to rasp, bom-. 1 i or Sift (rich. plr, $1. ivory. Fmerr,nii'tl:i il Cftnlamade.fiOf.lll.eftft l k. 44 pur" -nt. tHKK, hice tfuaraoUHKl. UL1 BEOS, Buz K, ltaicao, ill. IT 13 THf! TDTTMi Wli!TTCT-N"B. ft routes the Liver and Kidneys and Stomach, Cures lli-adarhe, Dvspcrmia, crenlcs ao Appe tite, Purines the Impure Blood, and Makes The TVenk Strong. DC 1 1 Kin C B'Cf .ri y 11 li L n -) llsed everywhere. 91 a bottle i nix fur 9. exhiUKti-.i f. " '' . ' r-i Mm: AfUr. A nnt writ. -i vi- n , ' MVylt Mi lb ltUtfcilt ' g I'inw ir."W l! ' .ii". '' "-ut.... ! In. 3? in. Ills, tin' tran -1 '-nit.. In. rA m. 11 in. it-w -'ins. l;'i and i-lr,i !i Hit 6' 1". h. Sin. p.,y. Will rtifcrfullv l" ;-' t iri'iin ffth ilunp ittclwi. PATIENTS TREATE0 BY MAIL. CONFIDENTIAL. Hirnlwt. So Muring. brr.i -it in turr.p) for vntTilrt I tt o. i. r. imu, rviU('t mtArn.ctiicAM. FiEll m m 0k wsb wa P)a3 IWI 1 1 isi r. I 11 m W ei h a III. Ileal Merit Pills HARROW AND HARROW AGAIN. K Liberal. Cse of tlte Harrow AdviKetl ty the Farmer's Ui'vlctv. It is nfit enough to give land the cus tomary single or even ilouhle tine of the barrow as a preparation and comple tion of tfie spring seeding? One can scarcely haTow too much where the labor is cbeaj and the boys have little else to do. Especially is this the case in spring seeding. Fast germination is de- sirablo and intention of moisture too is necessary, ana both are brought about by reducing the soil to as small particles as possible. In fall seeding to rye and wheat, harrowing is not so necessary, as it is found best to leave the land rather lumpy; the lumps are supposed to give the plants some shelter in winter and furnish fresh sou tor their roots in spring when "weathered" or rolled down. r There are now at tho command of the enterprising farmer several different sorts of harrows all of which may be used to good advantage. In addition to the old forms of drags and Scotch har rows, we now have those furnished with levers, by means of which tho teeth may be made to "take land" or merely tickle the surface. These are a great advan tage as they may be made to do both heavy and fine harrowing. Among the most recent inventions are the smooth ing disk and spado harrow, which are wonderfully ereeljve in their service. By means of yiese implements the soil may be got into the best possible condition for spring seeding, and there is jio longar any good excuse for sloven ly work. But not only should the har rows be used liberally in the fields seeded to spring grain. They may be employed with great profit upon the pastures where horses and cattle per haps ran all srAnmer and fall and pos sibly on niauy days in winter. In such fields the harrows hue down all lumps of manure and othor matter and dis tribute them thoroughly among the roots of the grass plants. Besides this they scarify the surface, vtliich is often found beneficial to old meadows and pastures which have acquired a hidebound con dition. Winter rye and wheat are frequently the better for a good harrowing in spring. At this season of the year the roller, too, can be used to great advan tage on the new meadows, where it is often found that the .oung grass plants have been partiallvit'ju-tnvi. out by the frosts of wiuter. , fi'.tiead.it i p good plan on most soils to roM all mowing lands in spring, as firming the soil around the plants leads to better growth and also provides a smooth surface upon which the mower may be operated with greater comfort. In Great Britain there is an imple ment in use by all fanners that would prove equally useful hero. We refer to the chain harrow, and we would be pleased to learn that some of our enter prising implement makers had put it upon the market Instead of rectangu lar frames fitted with teeth the imple ment in qnestion consists of two webs of chain mesh covering about the same area as the usual tooth harrow. The links are square and are made of fairly thick rsd iron. For harrowing pastures and meadows, for brushing compost or old manure into grass land, and for gathering trash on Und under prepara tion for a root or orn crop, the chain harrow can not be exelled. Sweet Com. The best plan is to have plenty of seed and plant as early is the ground will work mellow, and ;hen in about eight days plant anotherpatch, bo if tho first should fail you haw more coming on, writes a correspondent in Southern Cul tivator, who furthir says: "If 1 can get corn up, a smart f ost will not hurt it, it will only cut tht top down, the bud is under the ground protected and will be coming the same. I have not found this corn much more lable to rot from early planting than conmon field corn. This corn requires richir soil than field corn; in fact it is useles to plant the small early varieties wihout very rich soil and it well manured. The best soil for an early crop is a ria sandy loam. It may be planted in hils three feet each way, or in drills six t) eight inches in the drill, according 0 the variety grown or strength of soil; lie taller the variety or tho richer the sol tho greater should be the distance betveen the rows. "The finest crip of sugar corn I ever grow 1 turned a rop of rye under while in bloom and ilanted the ground in melons. The trrd time the melons were plowed a furrov was run in the middle between the rws and early Egyptian sugar corn dril;d in it six inches apart. After the corn as up to see it across the field the wble patch was thoroughly plowed and lai by. This corn came in at a time who sweet corn came into fall market, iesides the ears it yielded an abundancef stalk fodder. A11 things considered, 1 nd it the most profitable to plunt the laje kinds and depend on early plantiij and manure for early corn." A rtyme of the Breeds. I.ANCJSnANS. We are the 'rdf from the hlh Llng-Clito, Of feathereifltinks and snow white skin. Of dark brrfD egKs anil lilood of blue High cock-tforuui. cock-a-doodle-doo! PLYMOUTH ftOCKS. We are throw Is for flesh and eggs. Of "blue bifc" bars ami yellow U-.ks, What any -her chicken enn, we can do High cock'rorum, cock-a-doodlo-doo! LEGnolt.vs. Can we laeggsV Well, we should smile, That's ouPU"inesn all the while. We lay at cackle the acason through -High cocki-rorum, cock-a-doodie-Uoo! GAM& Like the itehts of old, wo live to fight. And nevftbow the feather while, Twae onf us for 1'eter crew High coc-rorum, cock-a-duoille-doo! BANTAMS. We maye little, but we're not afraid Of the bgest chicken ever made. We crond cmckJejtut listen at me Little c-a-roram, high-diddle-dec! MARKET GARDENING. American Agriculturist Tells llow Coin petition Affects It. Since tho establishment of extensive truck farms in the south, and the great celery fields in Michigan and Ohio, tho market gardens of the north have in some respects been injuriously affected by the competition. However, the greater supply of fresh vegetables, through a greater period of the year, has materially increased consumption, especially in tho smaller towns and cities. The occasional oversupply and consequent low price give even the very poorest people an opportunity to pur chase vegetables other than potatoes and cabbage, and so in tho end tho local market gardener's trade is increased, although he must accept lower prices than ho has received in former years. His profits must como through a bet ter knowledge of his business that will enable him to produce larger and better crops at less cost, yet, as the greatest yield can only come from land heavily enriched and thoroughly prepared, there must bo a considerable investment at tho outset. Gardeners within access of a city water supply avail themselves of this means for irrigation a a occasion may require, while others use windmills and tanks, but are seldom ablo to irri gate as fully as required in a hot, dry time when water is most needed. In some of the larger gardens, where, ex treme drought for two or three week.-i might mean the loss of thousands of dol lars, steam pumps and full irrigation plants have been constructed at great expense. Thus tho most complete crops are assured and these gardens are turn ing out products far beyond anything ever thought of by our gardeners of former generations. Importance of the liny Crop. The importance of tho hay crop to the whole country at large and the individ ual farmer as well can scarcely be over estimated. For hay of the best quality in all respects, that made from timothy grass stands highest in the public esti mation. Consequently this is the vari ety to cultivate when the highest price that can be obtained from critical buy ers is the object aimed at. Other varie ties ofteu do better on certain Boils, anil clover makes excellent hay when suc cessfully cured. Besides, clover has a value other than for hay, as a renovator of exhausted soils, that does not belong in an equal degree to timothy or other grasses that may be preferred for the rack aud manger. In these days of improved farm imple ments it goes without saying that u meadow should be smooth aud free from sticks, stones and other obstacles of ev- ej-i-. kiijtt that wuli interfere wit,h the running ana operaiion ot a machine. Tho seed sown should be free from those of weeds or of other varieties, unless a mixture of grasses is intended, as is sometimes the case. For init purposes the value of timothy hay is increased by deferring the cutting until the seed is ripe enough to grow. Curing without exposure to rain is important with all varieties if tho hay is to be of the best. To secure this condition beyond any per adventuro every farmer should have a sufficient number of hay cap3 ready for an emergency. Caps made from heavy unoiled muslin, if smoothly drawn down over well formed haycocks, will bo suf ficiently protecting, and such are cheap and easily handled. Outs as Compared with Wheat. The Itothamsted reports make it ap pear that, contrary to tho popular belief, an average crop of oats takes more fer tility from tho land than an equivalent yield of wheat. Farmers, as a rule, con sider wheat the most exacting of all tho grains on the soil and beliovo that oats may be grown on much less fertile land than wheat. The result, says Henry Stewart in the New York Times, is that one very rarely finds a really good crop of oats, and the quantity as well as the quality of this grain produced per acre is rarely of any profit to tho grower. Aud yet some growers do secure excellent and most profitable crops of this grain by the best method of culture, based on the requirements of the plant. We read of or sometimes see a yield of seventy-five, or eighty bushels to the aero of grain weighing nearly twice the average of tho ordinary crops, and there are a good many cases in which oats are really the most paying crop grown on the farm. The reason why this is uncommon is, first, that its character as an exhaustive crop is not generally known: second, that manure is very rarely given to it, and third, that the procuring of tho best kinds of seed is commonly neglected. lice lttiz.lng. The editor of The American Bee Jour nal says: "Generally an unfertile qnu'ii will lay eggs if she has not been injured in any way. All her eggs will produce drones only. Worker bees are incapa ble of being fertilized. Sexually they are undeveloped. Any eggs they may lay will produce only drones." Ventilation in bee cellars was dis cussed at tho Minuesota state conven tion and the conclusion arrived at that in most cellars ventilation is needed in some way. Some ventilate through tho doors or windows, and think it just as good as regular ventilators uiudo for the purpose. At a beekeepers' convention held at Ashtabula, O., a talk ou hiving swarms I made apparent tho fact that some use a bushel basket. Mr. A. Webster uses a common market basket with a cover. Others use a regular hiving box. To all of these poles are attached, of different lengths, owing to the height of the swarm to be taken. The laying of bees, the German writer Gerstnng contends, is not continuous, but periodic, about seven periods of j twenty-two days each in a season; sii j teen or seventeen days of laying,, fol 1 lowed by live to seven days of rest, makes I the period of twenty-two days. Dr. Mil- ler says, in Gleanings in liee Culture: j "1 should have said eggs can bo found I any day in my hives; but if Gerstung is I right, there ought to bo a day or two i every three weeks when there is not an ! egg in the hive. Let's watch this sum j uier." HOW TO MAKE GOOD COFFEE. A Judicious Mixture of Chicory Fre quently improves the Flavor. Coffee may be made with equal suc cess either by infusion or by decoction, under pressure, in vacuo or in the open air. There is only one secret, that tho coffee should be freshly ground and not burned in the roasting, and it should be a strong infusion or decoction and not largely diluted with water. A percolator is tho simplest and ni03t ivl:-.!il of domestic coffeepots, because wi: i ' the aroma of the coffee is not lil.i',;. io lie dissipated by overboiling. Six reaspoonfuls of ground coffee (heap ed up) need to be used to make half a pint of good strong coffee. This can Vie used alone as cafe uoir or diluted with hot milk for breakfast. As a matter of experience it may be added that most coffee drinkers here and abroad like the flavor of their breakfast coffee all the better if one third of chicory ba mixed with coffee. This may prove their bad taste, but it may safely be affirmed that, consciously or unconsciously, such is their prefer ence. They will of course do better to buy their coffee and their chicory sepa rately, and to make the admixture for themselves. Some of the powdered com pounds sold as "French coffee" contain from (10 to '80 or even 00 pev cent, of chicory. I!im to Avoid Hiirinl Alive. From time to time we are horrified by learning that soino person has been buried alive, after assurances have been given of death. Doctor Martinot asserts that an unfailing test may be made by producing a blister on the hand or foot of the body by holding the flame of a caudle to the same for a few seconds, or until the blister is formed, wliich will always occur. If tho blister contains any fluid it is evidence of life, and tho blister only that produced by an ordi nary burn; if, ou the contrary, the blis ter contains only steam it may bo as serted that life is extinct. How to poster llenllli, Ilcautyaml Muscle. Ride a bicycle before breakfast if you are anxious to do that which lias re ceived the latest medical sanction as the best thing for health, beauty, muscle and mind. Uow to Cut ItecfHteak. A very good and nutritious, as well as cheap, beefsteak can bo had by cutting one from the rump across the grain. Cutting it with the grain makes it tough. When yon wish n small piece of steak for an invalid this part of the animal will yield far more nourishment than a piece of tenderloin, which never doe any work Mid Hmee it toadomas and lack of juice. Have your beef for beef tea always cut from the rump, for it is juicy and free from fat. flow to Whiten Your Uumls. Melt castilo soap and add a little water. Perfume slightly and stir iu a little common oatmeal. When washing your hands rub on this preparation and allow it to remain a few minutes. It takes out the dirt and whitens the skin in a most astonishing way. How the Chameleon Can Change Its Color. It can become at pleasure yellow, green or black. In the skin there is a network of minuteducts connecting with pigment vesicles ou the under surface, wliich contain the coloring liquid. Tho tint of the animal depends on the amount of this liquid injected into tho ducts. The process seems somewhat analogous to that of blushing in the human species. Uow to Fasten Whalebone iu Ilresses. When whalebone is put in a dress and held only by the casing it is apt to wear through and slip out of place, After the casing is ready iu its place, take the bone, cut in required lengths ami bore a hole in both ends of each by piercing it with ouoond of a hairpin heated red hot over gas. Then insert the bones aud fasten them to the casing through the holes. How to Need Itulsins (luickly. Pour boiling water on them, let Htand for a minute or two, and then pour off. Then seed them as usual with a knife. The seeds will come out very easily and will ho clean aud not sticky. How to Malte a Placket Hole Htrong. The placket hole iu a dress or any gar ment is apt to tear at the bottom. A good way to render it strong is to stitch it diagonally across tho placket instead of straight across, as is usual. The lower end of the diagonal si itching must bo on the outside edge of the placket. How to Halt a Hook. Be careful to put bait on the hook iu such a manner that the point;, barb and curve of the hook will be concealed; otherwise the fish will fight shy of the templing tidbit. How to Carry a Ciun. Carry a gun under either arm with tho barrel pointing downward at an angle of about 45 degs. Let tho hammer always remain at half cock. For a temporary relief tho gun may be carried over the right shoulder, pointing upward and backward at an angle of 45 degs. If those instructions are followed it vr'H bo almost impossible for any one. either a head or liehind, tobe injured by Die accidental dit-charge of the umi. Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report. ABSOLUTELY PURE FEED FOR A DRIVING HORSE. The llest Ration for a Horse That Mk."- Heavy Journeys. A gentleman in Flag-itall. A. T., writes to The Breeder's Gazette asking infor mation ou the above subject, and Pro fessor W. A. Henry, of the Wisconsin agricultural experiment station, replies, We give below both question and an swer: "What kind of grain and amount per day should bo given a driving horse weighing 1,130 pounds and a good eater? At times his load is somewhat heavy and one of his frequent trips is a distance of thirty miles, which he makes in about seven hours. Can oilcako be used to advantage, and in what proportion?" As 1 recollect thero is very little fanning in tho vicinity of Flagstaff, and the grain at least, and probably during much of the season hay also, must be brought from long distances, either tho Pacific coast or Kansas, though no doubt points nearer furnish alfalfa hay, which, however, is not a very satisfactory feed for burses. (Jats are at all times the best single grain for horses, and eight to ten pounds a day may ho fed. If they are expensive and bran and corn not so dear, feed three or four pounds of these in place of the same weight of oats. If rolled barley can bo obtained at reasonable figures, eight to ten pounds of that may be substituted for the oats with satisfac tory results. Borne oilmeal is an excellent food for a horse, but too much should not be fed. Two or three pounds a day may ba given, at tho satou time withdrawing that amount of grain from the ration. If hard worked the horse will need a little more grain than is hero staled. Barley hay proves very sutixfactory for roughage, or hay from east of tho Rock ies may be used if nothing satisfactory can bo obtained at home. The grasses about Flagstaff must be very nutritious and satisfactory if they can bo obtained in the form of hay, but 1 doubt if any quantity of hay is made there. Merino F,w-e. Whenever Bhecp are bred for wool primarily thero will always be a good word to be said for the American mo rino. If we have not been able to do some things in onr live stock develop ment in America we certainly have produced a typo of wool sheep of which wo may bo proud. In spite of low prices for wool, too, there will always be thrifty breeders who will make a wool sheep pay. To wool sheep men wo commend the ewe in this picture If yon want a good . coat of wool, here it is. This ewe is a western production, and would yieli . over nino pounds of washed wool. The wool of a good merino ewe is three inches long and is white as well, too much yolkiness not being a desir- ,n;itiNO kwk. able quality. Our sheep breeders have been now for a hundred years endeavor ing to iniprovotho original Spanish mer ino, and have succeeded so well that the American morino is sent for front Australia to better tho wool sheep there. One of the best characteristics of our merino is its hardiness. In selecting merinos for breeding do not have too many wrinkles. In shearing, wrinkles are as hard to manago as they aro on an old man's face in shaving. Too many wrinkles are not good in anything. Tho first merino rams imported into this country werghod less limn 1 111 pounds, tho washed fleece a little more than H pounds, and they were thought to bo line animals at that. Now a yearling American merino rant weighs 180 pounds, sometimes mure, and his Hence, unwashed, will tip tho benm at 80 hounds. - Hog Cholera ami liioeiiliitiou. A review of several attempts made in recent years for the protection by inocu lation of swine against, hug cholera is given in Farmer's Bulletin f.o. H of the United Slates di-pnrtiiii-nl of agriculture prepared by Dr. 1). Ii. Salmon, chief of the bureau of animal industry. Aturga amount of evidence gathered from thot.u who have tried it, giving the results of their experience, as also a full report of the inoculation experiments conducted in La Hallo county, Ills., hist year under under the supervision of a committee c( farmers, is presented. lir. Salmon's conclusion, based upon the evidence wliich he presents in this bulletin upon the results of the investiga lions made by the bureau on the subject, is that inocu lation as a preventive against hog cholera is a failure from whatever point of view it be regarded, and tho farmers am warin-d against the use of that method, wliich he shows to have been in many cases more fatal than the disease it is in tended to prevent. As an instance of this he cites the fact that whereas tim losses following inoculation in Nebraska during tho past year were 10 per cent., the losses among uiiiimculiLled animals was but 4 por cent. Copies of thw bul letin may be had upon application to the secretary of agriculture, Washington.