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About Polk County itemizer. (Dallas, Or.) 1879-1927 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 1, 1883)
A U lU M h ’H W H 18 PERM.
'I her*'’« 1 » 4frki lli li e iu( iiiiiw ;
I I t Nr f ft I III in
>» he wniio i » i n h wind rtifclUi
1 b e M e t , y«llt-w c u n ;
•’ Hne» i • u u itm r i* i v c r ,
b ed a n tm ii I n n eai;
T h e dnisy In ill ad
A nd th e g o lc c u -r o d 1» h er*.’*
T h e r e ’« a d irg e In th o m ea dow r;
I hear It at at eve:
T i s tb e cr lc k e ta ’ w e Ini treb le —
A h . »«¿rely th ey g rieve 1
' G rim W inter in co m in g ,
R a y H um m er ha* tied:
T h e b ir d s ’ notea are h u a b id
A n d the da iries lie d e a d .”
T h e r e ia g r i e f in the m e a d o w ';
I aee it e a r li day;
T h e no it graaa turna y e llo w ;
T h e tre« h eadty aay
•*Ab, o n e t v o n e , leadeta.
y o u ’ll g row b row n a n d «eie.
O ne b y on e, to o , y ou ’ ll le a v e ua,
a u d d ie w ith the y e a .!”
I w alk th rou g h tb e m e a d o w s
A m id I he drv grans.
~ Y f t a i i& « « * » * 4 w a liiog e,
M y hea rt cries, “ AT#»l
My h o ea t o o are flM iln r,
L ife ’s mi a -m e. has ik*l; ~
O nly g o l d r u r o d b oom «,
F or my. da isies are d e a d .”
B ut th ere’« Jov in the iread ow a;
L o o k forth , hea rt, aud net!
H, ar it new nnthtin ringing
F ro m e a ch tl wnw-oi o w n e d tree!
H »rk ! b ird , field a n d b r o o k le t
A ll jo in in the attain,
W h lle the c r ic a e t ch irp « g a ily
A g a in a u d again ;
“ S u m m e r’s b eau ty m a y le a v e ua,
But still A utum n com « a;
1 hr u g h the da isy m u st d ie
Y et the g u ld tu -r o d b lo o m !”
C’APTL’ RINO A STILL.
Ttie other night, Major Griilfilewoofl,
who long ago won Ilia spur» as an effi
cient revenue officer, related the follow
At one time we had u great deal of
trouble with illieit distillers in Arkan
saw. There was one neighborhood es
pecially where it seemed impossible to
discover tho outlaws. This community
was away up on White river.
after officer had been sent up, and quite
a number of them are there yet,although
the department did not receive notifica
tion that they intended to leave the eer
vice. One day the news came in that
one of our best men had just bceD killed
at Dripping Springs, by which name
the dangerous neighborhood was known.
1 was sent for by the marshal, who said
“ Major, you have bad considerable
sucogas iu banting for distillers. No
-We want you to find those fellows and
bring them to justice. At you know,
none of our meu have been able to find
“ They've been found a trifle too o f
ten, * I suggested.
“ That's n fact,” the marshal agreed,
“ but not by the right man. Now I want
you to take as many soldiers asyou want,
go to the place and break up the busi
I reflected for a moment and replied:
“ I think that our mistake has been in
taking too many men. It is almost im
possible for a party of men to And a
wild eat distillery. Their approach is
soon heralded and disuster is certain to
follow . I will go alone and discover the
nest. Then I can return and captaru
the entire outfit.”
“ ltather hazardous," tho marshal said,
thoughtfully scratching his head.
“ Not so dangerous as the course hith
“ All right; use your own judgm ent.”
The next day I started on my perilous
expedition. I went horse hack, aud my
progress was very slow. When at last I
reached the place, I found a beautiful,
rich country, with great hills and little
valleys luxuriantly carpeted with grass,
I could see no signs of lawlessness, but
on the other linnd I was kindly treated.
I stopped at the house of a mun named
Anderson, a well-to-do fellow, with some
education and a bright oyed daughter,
who seemed to be devoted to her father.
I saw at once that Anderson was an
honest man, and when I learned that he
had been in the federal army I felt se
cure under his roof. Still I did not cure
to tell him my real business, but in
answer to a question, stated that I was
looking for land in a leisurely sort of
way, having just been discharged from
the regular army and especially desiring
a rest from that dangerous aotiv ty which
all army officers incurred.
“ W ell, sir, you are weloome at my
house, and I hope you 'll find your stay
pleasant. My daughter, who can row a
boat to perfection, will cheorfully con
tribute to your enjoyment.”
“ I understand,” looking at him, “ that
several government officers have been
killed by illieit distillers in this neigh
“ Yes,” he replied; “ shamefully mur
dered. W ell, I won't say murdered, for
tbe distillers no doubt considered it self-
defense. Up in the bills, here, some
where, there is a large distillory, but it
will be a long time, I think, before tbe
government breaks it np. It is almost
impossible to condnot u party of men
through the bills, aud it is almost cer
tain death, for tho distillers can see al
most every tutu. My advice would be
to watch for the whisky that's sent away,
capture the meu handling it aud com pel
them to show the exact location of the
Several days passed and still I made
no progress. I was not regarded in that
light of suspicion which I thought would
characterize my appearance among the
people, and I was soon eon' ¡need that
the farmers around were not in sympa
thy with the distillers. Finally I told
Anderson my business.
“ W ell,” he said. “ If I can do any
thing for you, I'll do it oheerfnlly, but
ledjpe advise you n otio go into the hills.
\Jjatch t ill river, as that" i* the only way
tm-T can possibly ship tbe stuff.
going up the river to day after some
walnut lumber, and if you will accom
pany me we may inako a discovery. As
you have no doubt noticed 1 make a
greet rnauv oeffins. Not for government
officials,” he added, with a smile, “ but
am supplying cheap coffins for the New
Orleans market. D aring an epdemic,
i t is a l m o s t impossible to get coffins to
the city fast enough, and at such times
employ quite a number of men.
Come aud I'll show you my place of
Tbe shop stood near the river bank.
Several workmen were em ployed in
dressing walnut lumber. Coffins were
stacked up alt around, and a flat boat
was being loaded with the deathly furni
I did not go up tbe river with
Anderson, but took a l<oet ride with
She waa not devoid of
charms an«l she chstted gaily aa she
“ I want pa to leave this piece,” she
“ Mother pined away and died
from sheer loneliness, and if I were not
so light hearted,I think I should go that
way too ”
" D o you ever see any o f the illicit dis
tillers?” 1 asked.
“ I ex|>ect I see them, bnt I don't
know them, o f course.
They are terri
ble when they get mod, bnt aa long as
they sra not disturbed yon wouldn t
know that tbey were in the neighbor
When we moved here they re
garded pa with lingering suspicion, but
finally, satisfied that he waa in no way
connected with the government, they
dismissed their up rehensions sod have
ever s in c e treated him with tbe utmost
conrtesv. I’ * is making money oa t of
the Coffiu b u s in e s s , bat it is sneli e grim
trade th d I cannot half enjoy any finan
cial benefit tbat we derive from it. Hay,
you're banting for the wild cate, ain't
“ Hash, don't talk so lou d ."
“ Nobodv can hear ns, bnt you are,
“ Hnppose I were, d o you think I
would tell anybody?"
“ I beard you tell father, but it's all
right. I won’t say anything about it.
I haven't any friends among the wild
eats, and for my part I wouldn’t care if
they were all iu prison.”
“ I remained several days longer, and
then deoided to return to the city, report
unfavorably, adopt other measures, und
'n take up tho enterprise. Anderson
aed me to sell the horse and go down
with a flat boat load of coffins. I did
not like the idea, but reflecting that it
would be safer, I disposed of my horse,
and was soon ready for the voyage.
I bade my friends an affectionate fare
well, and stood on a coffin big enough
for the Cardiff giant, and waved my
handkerchief at Sophia Anderson as the
boat rounded the bend. We had started
early, and by the time the shadows be
gan to lengthen, we were a long distance
from Dripping SpriDg. It seemed to
me that the men on the boat watched
me curiossly, for every time I walked
around it appeared that one of them tol
lowed me. My suspicions increased as
evening came on, and when I saw the
meu engaged in a whispered converse
tion, I waa convinced that violence was
meditated. Happening to notice a c o f
fin on which several others were piled,
I saw something dripping from it. Just
then I looked up and saw a gun leveled
In another instaut a bullet
whizzed olose to my head, so close that
1 fell backward into the water. I did
not lose my presence of mind and kept
myself under water as long as possible.
When I arose to the surface, several
other shots were fired, aud siuking again
I remained under water until I reached
the shore, which fortunately was not far
away, when I arose under a thick clump
of willows. Through the gathering dark
ness I could dim ly ree the men, nnd
could hear the splashing of an o*r which
[ knew waa manipulated to keep tbe
boat from floating down.
“ I reokiu' he's all right," said ono of
“ I kuow he is,” a gruff voice replied,
* fer I drawed a bead on his bead, uu' a
man what kin hit a hatl'cr dollar sixty
yards ain't no slouch of a shooter, lemma
tell yer. liet he’s got a bullet through
hia brain, ef lie's got any brain.”
“ I ’d rather bet on the bullet than the
brain," the first speaker rejoined.
“ W e’ve got to be certain about these
things," said a man who seemed to be in
authority. “ You know what Anderson's
orders is. Git a boat thar, Jack, an' you
an’ Tom paddle out thar awhile. Go
out thar to them willows.”
The boat was lowered and the splash
ing of the oars Game nearer and nearer.
My heart beat violently. Greut God,
the moon came out and shone lull on my
face. I eased mvaelf down nntil only
the tip of my nose was above the sur
face. “ Thank heaven,” I breathed as a
cloud obscured the moon just as the
boat brushed the willows. They struck
uuder with the oars, actually struck me
once, and just aB I was about to seize
the boat and tuke my chanceB of turning
it over and escaping, one of them said :
“ He’s all right, I tell you. Think I
can't hit a man's head? Bliove her off,”
and I breathed a prayer as the tip of the
oars grew fainter.
I remained in that uncomfortable po
sition about a half hour longer, then
drew myself out aud was soon traveling
through the woods.
After a terrible
journey of hunger and fatigue I reached
Little Rock and made my report.
Several days afterward I was again en
route for D ripping Spring, this time
with a strong posse of men. Touching
White river near the place where I had
fallen overboard, we dismounted to rest.
We had not been there very long until
we saw the coffin boat returning. I se
creted myself and ordered my men to
oompel the boat to land and to bring tbe
men to our resting place, instructing
them as to a form of into rogation.
When liailod they readily complied
and approached the bank. They did not
seem to like so much attention, for they
did not move up the bank with any great
degree of alacrity.
“ D o you know,” said one of the men,
“ what became of au United States o f
ficial named G nddlew ood, who came up
here some time ago?”
“ No, sir,” replied the captain of the
coffin boat; “ bnt I heard he had bought
a piece o ' land over the mountains an'
has opened a farm.”
“ D id you ever meet him?"
“ Believe I did meet him once at Mr.
Anderson’s house. ‘Peered to me like
he was sorter in love with the Anderson
“ D on ’ t snppose that I could find him,
“ Mont find him if you wnster go over
“ That’s unnecessary,” I remarked,
stepping from behind a tree and con
fronting the villains. They threw up
their hands and prayed that their lives
might be spared. We did not intend to
give them the least chanoe ef escape and
securely pinioning their hands, we took
them down to the boat, where, after gain
ing all possible information, I left them
nnder a strong gnard. W o were not
long iD gaining the neighborhood of A n
derson's residence. It was a late hour
at light, and we snrronnded the honse
wi hont alarming anyone. I instructed
one of my offioers to call Anderson, and
again I secreted myself.
“ H alloa!’’
“ A ll right,” came irom within the
house, and piwtty soon Anderson ap
'M r. And*.-son, I believe,” said the
“ Yes. sir; won’t yon come itJJ’
“ No,"hardly got the time. I r e come
to thiti-lieigjiborhood ia search of Major
Griddlewuod. Are yon acquainted with
Oh, yes, ahonld say I am, for he and
my danghter are to he married soon. I ’ll
show her to yon. Here, Soph,” and the
girl came oat. “ Here is a gentleman
who is looking for yonr intended hus
‘ Good evening, sir. Looking for tbe
major, eh? How I wish I could see
Here I am,” I said, emerging from
my hiding place, and confronting my
intended” and her father. Anderson
actna'ly fell on the ground and hia
daughter uttered a shriek that made the
woods ring. They were soon made pris
oners and takeD to the boat. Next day
tbe distillery was easily found and de
atroyed. Tbe coffins were found to be
lined with tin, and although ominous
looking casks, were not hod as vessels of
The prisoners were tried and punished
to tbe fall extent o f the law, and ever
since then, the Dripping Spring neigh
borhood has been one of the most order
ly and law abiding communities in the
Overcrowdlnx and Crime in Paris.
Overcrowding, however, has
rescued inch a point tbat serions uneasi
ness is beginning to be felt by the mu
nicipal conncil of Peris. The communal
insurrection of 1871 proved that the peo
pie of Paris had not grown less revolu
tionary beesnse they lived in better look
ing honses; and. indeed, the embellish
ments of the city had, aa already shown,
simply altered the conditions of tbe
working man's life without improving
them. Oue of the emperor’s ideas was
that by erecting fine streets everywhere
he might disintegrate tbe |>opalar mass.
Instead of clustering together by thou
sands, workmen wonld be spread over
all parts of tha city, and those of them
who became tenants of sixth floor rooms
in hom es the lower flats of which
occupied by bourgeois lodgers wonld, as
ha calculated, be refined by tbe influ
ence of tbeee respectable aliodes. This
wan only a dream. Tha increase of pop-
nlmlion baa can sad whole districts to be-
come once again "quartiers ouvrieri,
and in these the almost entire ex
tinction of home life has had the
most demoralizing results. Children
being sent away, the home has no "rai
son d'etre,” uuil marriages sre becoming
rarer and rarer. Tho Parisian workman
lives mostly out of doors and in wine
shops. He does not carry his dinner to
his work, bnt lakes bis meals in an “ es-
taintnet;” and as a rule bis eveniDgs are
spent iu a cafe. What instruction in
morals lie gets is derived from the thea
ter and from newspapers— tho spiritual
agencies which countless churches, tem
perance societies and other religions
bodies bring to lies* on the poor of Lon
don there ia little to be seen in Paris.
The city bat sixty CatholA churches aud
perhaps thirty chapels of other denomi
nations, so that one place of woiship
might be reckoned for abont every 20,-
000 inhabitants; and to all appearauce
even this is more thuu the propio desire.
The national habit of thrift may be fairly
counted among the elements which oper
ate for good on workmen; but in respect
of thrift tbe Parisians may be compared
to ants who are preyed upon by ant-
They save, but innumerable
tiuancial companies are on the lookout
to catch their savings. “ Changeurs,”
who are tbe popular bankers, abound in
every quarter, and more than twenty fin
ancial journals, which profess to act as
guides to investors, are published duily.
But every week the disappearance of
some ohangour and the collapse of some
company is reported, und after every
such event it turnicut. that hundredsof
workmen and servants have been pinch
ing themselves for years simply to teed
u gang of swindlers. Under the influ
ence of all these causes, overcrowding,
childlessuess, immorality, irreligious
ness, and financial robberies, crime lias
developed to such an exteut in Puris
that the most drastic legislation has had
to be proposed. It is computed that
after the overthrow of the commune
about 20,000 of the most reckless char
acters in Paris wore got rid c f by shoot
ing nr transportation; but, notwithstand
ing this greut putge, M. Gambetta laid
to declare, less than ten years afterward,
that the criminal classes formed au
“ army o f desperadoes ready to tho hand
of any political adventurer." Last year
tbe chumber of deputies passed a bill
(wliieli lias uot yet been voted by the
sensta) for sentencing to transportation
for life all felons twice convioted; but
even the heavy menace o f this act has
had no deterrent effect, for only a few
days ago U m Parisian papers reported
that regular battues of criminals were
being conducted in tbe suburbs, whole
companies of gendarmes and policemen
being sent ont against them with fire
Old Dutch Corporations.
Everything was managed in Amster
dam by corporations. The idea of tbe
saoredness of corporate rights ami privi
leges wus firmly planted in tbe Dutch
These nnmerous bodies were
ruled in each department. The churac-
ter of their government is seeu iu the
way the Bast India company managed
their possessions in the eastern archi
pelago. T o secure the monopoly of the
spice trade they caused all the clove
trees to be extirpated except in Am-
boyna, tbe seat of their power, bribing
the surrounding princes to enter into
league with them to destroy their sub
jects’ property. At oue time tbey gained
tbe exclusive command of tbe pepper
trado. Pepper was immediately raised to
8s a pound, 100 per cent, higher than
the Portuguese prices. It is supposed
that they made a profit of 3800 per cent,
on this article alono. English settlers
did not Bcruple to declare that in 1022
authorities at Amboyna, in
nest they were robbing, practiced tor
tures worthy of Phillip II and Alva. To
prevent any criticism from tho jealousy
of the other Dutch ports, the East India
company distribnted the stock among
the principal towns of tho united prov
inces, in each of which was a hand
somely paid board of directors, possess
ing a share of patronage proportioned to
tbo stock they held. Amsterdam kept
tbe supreme direction, for out of these
suDordiDate chambers a board of 17 di
rectors were ohosen, who met for six
years at Amsterdam and two at Middle-
burg. Thus all tbe leading capitalists
of Holland were directly concerned in
the company's affairs.
Instead of en -
riobing their own country and tbe Asi
atic world by opening up a great oriental
trado, tho Dutch F.ist India company
thought only of getting the highest pos
sible prices by tbe exclusion o f all com
petition. Their immense warehouses at
Amsterdam, their imposing name, and
the mystery ever attached to the east,
led to an exaggerated idea of their im
portance. They worked u trade that
easily have employed
with a capital
ol £542,000. In the most prosperous
days, from 1G14 to 1730, the number of
their ships arriving from India in the
coarse of the year did not average more
than fourteen. This stylo of doing trade
explains the excessively heavy dues that
the Amsterdam authorities imposed on
every article of traffic. It is asserted
that many things paid duty three or four
times over. Bread was taxed when the
corn came from the m ill, and again when
the loaves eame from tbe oven. There
were taxes on butter, fish and fruit,
while the duties levied on meat,salt,beer,
wine and spirits wero as high as 100 per
cent; in fact, there wasaoarcely anything
that escaped taxation, except tbat which
depleted the country of its capital- the
speculations of its merchants iu the pub
lic funds of other nations. For, owing
to tbe accumulation of capital and the
way taxation ate np the profits, the A m
sterdam merchants pnt the greater part
of their surplus capital into foreign
stocks. In fact, the difficulty of flodiug
an advantageous return for money in
Holland was so great that its capitalists
preferred to lend vast sums of money to
individuals in foreign countries, both
regularly as loaus at interest, and in the
shape of goods advanced at long credit.
to shew signs of decline; yet np to the
age of ninety-five ohe waa able, with the
assistance of a oane, to hobble about the
honse, and to ride out in pleasant
The year in which she obtained ber
freedom was that in which the United
States government commenced to send
freedmen back to Africa. Tbe settle
ment of Liberia bad been founded in
1822 by the American colonization so-
oiety, through the influence mainly of
H e D r y Clay; and government to a great
expense in the forwarding of such as
were then enfranchised, and were made
to go to the continent of their forefath
ers. At the same time the slave trade
between Guinea and the southern states
was surreptitiously, but with much en
ergy, carried on. The abolitionists of
tbe north hail commenced to be active,
and even in Baltimore a.newspaper was
started called Tlie Genius of Uuiveraal
Emancipation. It was short lived, how
ever, as might have been expected in
that quarter. In Boston even, at tbat
date, it would have been dangerous to
establish a journal of the kind. Tbe su
preme court of Massachusetts declared
a hundred years ago that the “ equal"
passage iu the declaration of independ
ence did not apply to slaveholding. This
was about the time of the birth of Jane
Lennon. She has now gone to her re
ward, a gentle and
through a century of trials that were
most bardeusome, aud ultimata bless
ings in tbe world.
Women *r the World.
G o west, young girll In Texs* they
sre paving s rvant girl*|$20 a mouth.
An Indisnspoli* woman who wears a
No. 1 shoe claims to have bail sixteen
offers o f marriage on account of her
The ladies of Cleveland hold an an
nual d oll show for aebarity called “ The
Open D o o r.” The last one held recent
ly, netted *4000.
“ Come aud see me on imjiortant family
matters,” wus tbe invitation sent over to
her relatives by a lady in Berlin. This
was the delioate way she desired them to
see her hanging to a bedpost dead.
Chicago Herald : Mary Anderson was
presented to the Prince of Wales, bat
Mrs. Wales was present by way of no
harm. Now let the patriots in the Bine-
grass state bang their mute sentinels of
tbe fireside on the antlers.
It is rumored thai the lovely Countess
of Lonsdale will out an anti matrimonial
swarthe in this country before settling
down to married joys. It is not stated
whether Bhe will bring her Freddie with
her or depend on onr domestic stock.
Tom Thum b's poor little widow is in
a lonely and bad way. She has been
shocked so often by sudden deaths in
her family and then by the Milwaukee
fire, that she wonders ¿he isn’t dead.
London W orld : An accident hap
pened last week in which a dog cart
driven by a lady, a private oarriage and
a fly were in collision. No one need bo
astonished at this or any other carriage
accident which may happen iu Brighton.
In the flrat place, the fact that women
have taken to driving ia in itself p ro
lific of danger. They seldom have
any strength, they never have any dis
cretion. Their great object ia to attract
attention and to do this thoy rattle on in
tbe most reckless manner.
/ r j .
C A N K «.
1 ) 1 X 1 1 , B K S \ a > T K I N A 4 0 . , F r a n k m l .
•»C mi h.—S h ow cttM » o f alt kind* uu baud or unuie
to o.ik-r. a t H**v Franc-toco prier s.
T U B I K T K B N A T I O N A L , « . r n e r T h ir d und
K .—T b e item one d olla r a da y house o u the coast,
l ’aiweiige h turi baggage co n v e y e d to auu from ail
tra'.us and boats free. K. Lew iston, proprietor.
1117 T h i r d
PORTLAN D, OREGON,
M L tolti H O L M K.
U . W . P l K M T I t 'K , 1 * 7 r i n t t o ir c r i la a dh .g
m usic dealer. Pianos, orgaus, sheet m usic and ev e ry -
thing In the inu-ic U ■«-.
N . Y . J K W K I H V tO .
JOHN B. GARRISON , Propr.
(h e le a d in g 8 « w in g M a ch in e « , O il.
N e e d le « . A l i a c i » m e n t « a n d G e n u
i n e P a r t » f o r « u le .
A . M O V I !, AJ11 h *•««-•', 1 0 7 n « r t D lr r H
D iam ond«, w atches ana Jew elry. T h e R ockford
Kuilroad w atch. Country order» solicited.
A l l k i n d s o f S e w ln jt M a c h i n e « R e p a i r e d
a u d W a rra n ted .
to AIA Is K .1 U K A V A M I ,
G E N E R A L A G E N T FOU
V. 14. F K T Y . w « . * * • * -« ton «**! -H e»l e icri
er, m anufacturer o f notury und lodge seals, b n _ „
and Bleel stam ps, steel letters, A c .; rubber h L uiuih
H A B D W A IX
•AIM» 1 ) 7 0 L IA II, M M I T H A t O L K I M N , Vo.
145 M ecou d— im p orters and dealers m builders’
H ardw are, m echanics’ tools, cu tiory . farming; tools
and m a rb lei/ed slate m antels C ountry orders so
M A R B L E W O K R .% .
! hi Bouiehold ui White Sewing Kicaints,
-B U S IN E S S COLLEGE,«*-
N. E. Cor. Second and Yambili SI».,
A . P . A k m str o n o ,
J. A . NV fc.seo .
Penman and Secretary
Oosi^ned far lha Busmcsj Education of Both Sixes.
M K K U K N d f V A M P E R , 4 7 » t a r t o . -M o n u m e n t* ,
T om bs, Headstones, etc,, furnished In Italian aud
A m erican m arhie. Corniti y ord ers tilled prom ptly.
Scud for price« nud di signs.
See that 0 «
__________________ M A R E R I H , _________________
E M P I R E B A K E R Y — M W ashington. V o«« d
Pulir, Props. Manufacturer«! o f Pilot bread, Moda.
P icnic, Hutter, Boston, Mugar and .Shoe F ly crackers.
Orders from the trado solicited and prom ptly at
tended to,___ ___________________
Admitted on any week day of the year.
The celebration o f the four hundredth
-a W P E N t W O R K !« * -
ir n is x O a '
anniversary of the birth of Martin
Of all kinds executed to order at reasonable rates.
Luther, which took place on the 10th of
D . P . K K N N E I I Y , — A ttorn ey tuid Counselor «1
Law K « to in 5 ikt-kuui’ x t»u ll«llna.
.November, 1883, awakens a new interest
of tho course of study, rater of tuition, time to
jtenainiiiK to L etters Fatvut for Inventions, b**for*
in his history and the work he accom
enter, etc., nnd cuts of plain and orn.uucnt.il pen
lTMT R E C E IV E D A T O A R R IH O N ’M S E W IN G
He was born on the 10th of November,
Machine «tor**, l«7 Thin! street, P ortland. O re-
ruses o f H ouseho d Mewing M achines. Dur
1483, o f humble parentage, at Eisleben,
ing tw o and on e ha lf years’ use in O regon the H ouse
Saxony. There was little remarkable
hold has forced Its w ay to the iron t. Its superior
The Beauties uf Polygamy.
m erits are now w ell know n to th e public. A gen t«
about him as a boy. Others were as
w anted to sell in e v e ry tow n In Oresron.
studious and capable, and when he at
A Mormon missionary on his way east
tended the University o f Erfurt it is last spring, in broken English was ex
OREGON BifiUP PURIF i E k
Elgin, Springfield or Waltham Watch,
doubtful if he wus any more proficient plaining to the passengers in the ear the
fn a ounce «liver C am *........ ....*1» ©O
in his studies thuu is many a young co l iwauties of religion and especially the
H E N
i n 8 • • » « « a ii w c c
............. f i y a
legian of to-day. But he was a consci charms o f polygamy. At last, address
I <*ui»«c«'%llv»«r €»'¿48.... ...
entious student, who wanted an original ing a prominent gentleman of this place,
iw a w
m*M n *e*i a,?
knowledge o f all things, and there was a
PU.'«n.-ut. I... ImMAtlMl.i j
he asked: “ Are you u married man?”
1 n t n -A a m
mighty energy and determination about The gentleman responded in U*> affirm*,
A'.'»TÍ t v
JX.fV2i.HY. *M>I a s
«p xirr i r i * * . f t l A ’« « ’ A M D
him which oould not be put down when
tivs, whereupon the saint continued a*
once aroused. While in the Augustine follows
“ If yon are married jrotj know
; vw R E M a sE , st
convent at Erfurt he conceived au idea
W"|. i . i i i . . . a
some things and , can understand one
o k *4* u
but fur which he mi ;ht have passed his beauty of polygamy. You know moat
»«• Prant *4. ..|.,>...ita Mi. HBSM»«. . —«j
a m «
W t l i e f o r F r i r a L t«4 > '
life in the seclusion oi the cloister. He
marriait people Lave little misunder
- l — W 0,d« 1
went through a spiritual crisis, revolving | standings, tilts as they are called.
L. h : F A R M »,
88 Marth Vrnnt toraH, PorttouM
in his mind the teachings of the ohurcb, one wife ‘ pnt» on ,’ all you have >o do is
and poring over the old books in the Ii-
to go to the house o f soother wife, tbat
bfary, sou it waa tl^n that a conviction spot, brings the obstreperous wife to ber
took root in his soni that sin* could only senses, ami 1 tell you it causes them all
be forgiven through the grace of G od.
GO TO T A B
to use us mighty w ell.” "Y o u dam
O-nolher Q re ft V t o t e p In MeOlcml
It was little thought by the peqple of
liable s c o u m i t e l s a i d the gentleman,
Wittenberg that the young mao in sacer
“ you would tear out a woman's heart
Wortfc Millions ti tli l i m i Ftnlly I
dotal robes, who ad ranced such strsnge
and hang i t 'o n the wall to minister
ideas in lecturing at the university, was
C E L E R Y . BEEF AMD IROM
to your own pleasure, and another and
I f acknow ledged by all Physicians to M
to make the town famous in history, and
the G reatest M edical Com pound
Hnother as your pleasure was satiated;
N o rth w e st c
change th j thought of the world. i t was
and you have been selected to preach
W . 8 JAM ES, Principal.
F. K. C
in Wittenberg that he nailed tho ninety-
1 « u n e v e r fa llin g < u r r fo r N e u r a lg ia
the gospel abroad?”
It wus even so,
T h e 0 . C. Jourual^new toVtioo), giving I
tutd A e r v o u v D e b i l i t y .
five theses against the sale of indulgences
and from that ciroumstance alone we oan
upon the gaie of the church, and offered
estimate how much of devotion is blend
U S E
R O S E
P I L E S
J. N . K NO W LEM
to maintain them in tho university ed with tho marrying of plural wives. F R A N K W O O L 8 K Y ,
Mau F rancisco
against all impugnerà. At Wittenberg Tho ruling thoughts are simply selfish
be published those famMisaddresses ami
ness and brutal lust, and uuder tbe sys
treatises about, the year 1520, which
tem there oan result only women d e
sowed the seeds of reformation abroad
formed in mind and with hearts either Shipping & Com mission Merchant.
in tho land. It was there, too, tbat he
turned to gall or stone, and men in
burnt the theses of Tetzel and the pope’s
whose souls the nobler instincts have CONSIGNMENTS SOLICITED.
bull at tbe gate of tbe city. A ll G er
been blunted forever. For tho govern
many was convulsed with excitemeut,
WOOL A SPECIALTY
ment of the United States to draw the
and Luther was s nmmoned before the
mantle of protection around this prac llagn. M achinery, Farm Im p lem en t« and all kinds o
diet at Worms. W illi heroic courage he
tice aud to shield it through a sensitive
Supplies furnished on sh ort notice.
resolved to obey the summons. In spite
dread uf interfering with anythiug which
of the threats of enemies und the anx
107 FRONT STREET,
is called a part of a religion is an injus
iety of friends, ho attended the diet and
tice to tlie country at large, a cruelty to
IVck & Snyder American Club,
P o r -tlu n d , O r e g o n .
defined his position to the'asHembled sov
the Mormon people themselves. To this
ereigns. He closed bis speech with
Harney A Berry Iron and Wood Top Skate»,
R eferen ce: First N ationa Bank.
country it is what it wonld be to a sea
those famous words: “ Here I tako my
port to permit passengers bringing a
Rush and I’iston Holler Rink Skates.
stand. I can do no otherwise, so help me
i m o c u c i r u u K W iL X a o u i K H A m
dreadful epidemic sickness to land with
God. Amen.” Despite the awful me
out quarantine.—Salt Lake Tribune.
nace of the pope and the priests, Luther
continued to soatter tho sueds of reform,
Jacob Thompson, who, besidps Gen
c i'L c d y c y d ) a v h S j (So. THOMPSON, DoIIART & CO.,
and his eloquence courage and power, eral Holt, is tbe only living member of
■ M r o iT iK s o r
displayed on many fumons occasions, Buchanan's cabinet, stated that he
Hardware, Iron and Steel, IVaeon Material, Cumberland Coal, Blacksmith
determined the fortunes c f the Refor contemplated writing a history of his
Wagon maker Tool*.
mation. About the last important act of visit to Canada as agent uf the southern
0>if-R evised Prices since com p letion o f N orthern Pacific Railroad.
Q C íicCaaCc ¡ ‘ ¡O iu q q iib
his life was the maintenanco of his pecu confederacy. Thompson speaks of it as
liar views in regard to the sacrament of his “ Canadian campaign,” and declares
CUjrnta fox £ « a fe m g î t o p t i c f a x i j 'J)lttf¿>icÍ4t*3,
the L ord’s supper at the famous confer that a full publication of all facts wonld
SFiutò ßxtxact», ïtif» , ête:, ß t e
ence of Marburg, and in February, 154G, create a considerable breeze. His solo
sixteen years after, he died.
reason for hesitation, he declares, is that
¡píe*. 92 and 94 ih ent S tu ri
The people of Wittenberg held a oele- several prominent citizens, one or more
I. F. POWERS, FURNITURE MANUFACTURER,
bration in advunoe of the official com of them occupying scats in the congress
------ j d m a m t com p lete nM ortm ent o f tone, m edium and
ettg, e a n «U lla « e f P u r le r , l i b r a r y , lllu>nV and C ham ber toeta, batik
memoration on the 12th of September. of tlie United States, would be utterly
¿Poztfand, Q vcÿcn.
u fM ta r « . A I m » lurgn and w e ll ■elected stock o f
It was a great day for this old town, ruined. He intimates that one, at least,
CnArp«U, Oil Cloths, C urtains, Upholstery, Wall Paper and
where Lutiier first made public his con o f the gentlemen was in the confidence
SCHOOL B H a i A «P R C IA L T Y .
victions and defended them. About 50,- of the United States government at the F. W. DEARBORN & CO.
Intending purchasers will commit their Interests by Inspecting my stock before purchasing
000 people were present, among whom time o f which he 8|>eaks, and was at the
NOS. 185,188 AND 190 FIRST ST. AND 184 SECOND ST., PORTLAND,OR.
were the Crown Prince Frederick same time aiding kim in his efforts for
Manufacturer* and Dealers lu
________________ F n cto ry on W it te r tot., bet. M on tgom ery mad H arrison .
William, Prince Albrecht and H«rr Von the success of the confederacy.
Gossler, minister of ecclesiastical affairs.
In America his birthday will be cele
A girl o f 17, arrested in Chicago for
brated everywhere, and in some cities woaring a man’s dress, explained that
the celebration will continue for two or she merely changed garments so as to
* 9 » F IR to T toCTKKKT, P O R T L A N D . O R ,
three days. A statue of tbe great re get a living easier. For three years she
former will be erected in Washington had been employed on lake boats as
W h o l e s a l e a n d R e t a i l D e a l e r « In
near the Luther Memorial churoh. It is steward, watobman or oook, lived
abont double life size, representing roughly without being suspeoted, and
Luther standing in elerical robes, and was only detected by an accident at last.
107 Front Street, Portland, Or.
A s w e a re th e o n ly house o f the kind *n O regon, parties from the country wonld do well to
resembling the magnificent figure on the “ By working on the boats in men’s cloth
avail them selves o f the opportu n ity to buy at Man F rancisco prices. W e guarantee satisfaction.
c v r iH A T is r i a x n H i * .
O rders b y m ail p rom p tly filled. Mend fo r prices.
famous monument at Worms. A national ing I can earn $1 75 a day without extra
committee are now perfecting arrange hard work. I f I wore woman’s clothes, I-
J j . W H E E L E R
Ac C O . ,
ment* for the event.
I wonld not be allowed to do tbe work,
L. F K L D M A N N & 00.,
On the 13th of April, 1525, Martin and wonld probabiy have to wash pots.
importera and Wholeaaio Dealers in
T e a , C o ffe e e n d S p i n * M e r c h a n t s .
Luther married Catharine de Bora, a nun I know I have violated tho law, and may
in tbe Cistercian convent of Nimptchen, go to the work house for a long time, W o o d e n a n d W i l l o w Ware,
R S T A B L lt o H R D Itototo.
A n d Manufacturera o f
which she had entered at an early age. but, to tell you the truth, I'd rather
She was born on the 20th of January, make bricks in tlie penitentiary than
W H O b K H A L E A N D R E T A IL D E A L E R IN
No. IR Front stroat, Portland« Or,
1409. After she had become acquainted bend over the wash tu b."
GUN8, PISTOLS, CUTLERY AND SKATES.
with the doctrines of Luther Bhe was no
T o Sweeten Rancid Lard— Place the
longer content with monastic life, aud
determined to withdraw from it. Her lard over the fire, slice fresh potatoes
a few or many, according to the
relatives refused to permit such au
fQ U ID O R D R Y , P R IC K f 1 00; “ A T M O A P H B R 1«
action, and with eight other nuns she ap
J J m InniifflAtorH,”
price 50c. D ry Cure and Insuflla
ailed o n receipt o f price, with full direction foi
plied to Luther for assistance.
He slices are brown. The grease will be tors
line,etc. M. O. M KIDM ORK A Co., Druggist* 1A 1 Firs«
Hole A vents for the N. PadKf
secured their liberty in 1523, and coming
to Wittenberg, Catharine became an in mensely strong.
B a r n e y A H arry*« Ic e tokute«, Ifentey*« K o lle r Mkntca, P ec k .
M u nh uttu n R o lle r Skitles.
mate in tbe house of a burgomaster.
U S E R O S E P IL L E .
M r . b ’ a K e a -o n .
1118 nnd 11*^ toreond tot-,
Through his friend, Nicholas Von Ams
It co» 1« me 4 YOU per >»ar to support my fam ily.
dorf. Lather offered her the hand of a T o make this support *ure after my disease, I have
I >0,000 In life insurance. They ou gh t to
pastor in Orla amende. She declined this taken
make tdx per cent lute rest on th a t'a m ou n t of
offer, but declared horself willing to m onty, which w ould give t*»em the needed 13000
marry Von Amsdorf or Luther himself. per annum, lily premium» s ”e now k m than tMOO
tier year, and decreaelug; and by one or more pay
Soon after this the great reformer took menta during life, as t e ea»e m>y be, 1 fe?u e
her for hia wife, despite the protest of 93«» 0 aoduh II v for my h’ tuily, h r an unlimited
e. 1 cannot *ee how duty and investmei t can
both friends and euemies. His will left i lim
ore h a p p ily —
b le n tj«).
her all his possessions so long as she re
mained a widow, which, as it seems, was
D O N 'T BUY BOSS BOOTS UNLESS
not a very liberal dower, for after YOU WANT T U E BEST. SEE TH AT
Lutber’s death the elector of Saxony and
Christian III. of Denmark contributed OUK NAME IS ON EV E R Y PA IR .
AK IN . H ELLIN O * CO.
from time to time to ber support. Her
death occurred ut Torqua on tbe 20th of
Agi/nts wanted in every town in Or*’g »n am i
Washington to sell the new improved
J .N . KNOW LES,
New York Tea Company
GLASS, TEtS, COFFEES, SPICES, BIKING POWDERS, EXTRACTS, tc
W ILL IA M HECK & SON
"Syte’ sure G
ore for C
MKVtfiN American >iew»n > M achine. John B. (Ur
rlaon Oeoeral Ag.*nt. 107 Third street, Port and
In pursuance of resolutions adopted Oregon.
The recent death of this, the sole sur by the annual meeting of the grand army
R oaring catar uta of honest ap lause, Im ining
vivor of all the slaves once held in bond of the republic. Captain N. Shockey,
oceans o f fun, ami tlie beat show o f tlie season
age in the northern states, has lieen chairmau of tbe committee appointed for now beiug held at the Elite theatre, Portland,
announced. She passed away pea 'efnlly the pnrpoae, bus sent circnlars to all the Oregon, (tegular privet 26 and 60 c**nU
in New York at the age of 99 years. Her posts o f the O . A. B in Kaoras. Mis
Frank 0 . Abell, the beat of Or«* in arMat*. la al
lot# bad fallen in pleasant places,
H»r souri, Arkansas, Netuaska, Colorado
ways n-epnnd to m « k e photograph* In «h- » ighnit
owners bad been considerately kind to New Mexico and indiati territory, ask style o f the sr*. at hia gaio ry,
Wat *lreg‘ , Port*
aud. Call at hia art room* w h-n ip tb K r i'y .
She experienced b et little differ
enee between a condition of slavery and
Take U r n . Plunder a U .-gon Blood P u rifer.
a condition of freedom. She was born in tahlishmeut of a sol.tiers and sailors'
Speedy action is
tbe year 1784, and was older than the home io Kansas.
fîa r iia o n rep air* a ll k m l
e w m if M w hin««
federal constitution. Forty three years asked, so that tlie memorial may be pre
«». to. t* « O .
torve " f i l r e
she was a slave In 181G she passed from sented to eongross early in the coming
Mr. Lemma's.her master’s, possession to season.
TTM V: R O S E P I L L S .
that of a Mr. Merriek.
The latter was
A suit involving over *20,000.000 was
as kind to her at the former. Iu 1817 commenced in the U. S. C'ir. court at San
roll Set of TiMdh for *10.
a law was enseted declaring the absolute Fiancisco, by Jennie M.Grajr o f Virginia,
emancipation of all slaves in tbe com widow of John Bowie Gray, against tlie
monwealth of New York at the expi a Quicksilver Mining Company o f New I r p F . K T I ! F tl.í.F .f» A T W l W K A T R M ; M A T IM F A(V
I lion guarantt-e-d »*an «dm lntoterrd. Im ita i g r«<)
tion o f ten years, on the fourth day of Almadcn. Gray » * - one o f the three
in io H .,
Bnt this hardly affected original owners of the property, and
I’ w r l l« n 4 , 4Irrgnia.
her. She wan a contented and appre died in New York in 1861. His partuere
ciated domestic whether as bond woman were Koowle# Taylor and Robert J.
or freed woman.
She maintained a Walker, formerly secretary of the treas
brightaome cheerfulness through life. ury. Action is based on fraud in tbe ad
K a G. M dI I* A CO.,
Up to her seventy-fifth year she took de ministration by the two partners of
x i s i rt in is K i • o r
light in such household duties aa were Gray'* interest, wberebv the company,
allotted to her, snch as cooking and the for s smell sum, succeeded in obtaining Pieters Frame«, Monldleg., Mirror«, Art
U ofia, fclr ,
care o f children.
Then signs of feeble entire possession of the property.
ness appeared and Mr. Merrick died.
O B T L A R S. OB.
H ockory Nat Cake— One and a half
From the death of Mr. Merrick, «fcioh
occurred about twenty yea n ago, abe capa white sugar, a half ca p butter, two
never recovered her joyona spirits. Her cup* flour, throe-fourth* ca p sweet milk,
gentleness and desire to be nseful re one ca p ont kernels, whites o f four
mained, bnt an ineradicable melancholy eggs, one teaspoocfal soda, two
settle.I npon her. She immediately began
CINCHONA KCHKA (Red Permian llarli) and Caiiruriil« (Irupe Brandy,
Kffrrti'Pi Itemed) Tor Dlpnomenla (the alcohol habit), all forma of Xalari tl
No Greater Nnccens hiw been recorded, and nothing ever introduced giving >«rh