4 if It e wp THE OREGON SCOUT la independent in all things, neu ttal m nothing; devoted to every cause it believes to be right a journal for the people. THE OREGON SCOUT Has nB lnro n circulation aa nny tuo papers in this eection of the ytatc ininhinid, and is corre spondingly valuable ns an adver tising medium. Here Will the Press the People's Rights Maintain. vol. vir. UNION, UNION COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 29, 1891. NO. 32 1 The Oregon Scout An Indrpa ml weekly Jouina , laued etery Thursday W- JONES & CHANCE Y, d J Publishers n J Proprietors. A. K. Jon rm, Editor. II. Cuamcbt, Foreman Unto of Subscription. ne espy year, ne copy lie muiiohs, ne oofj taree nvmth, Invnrlnhly Cah In Adranrp. 1 SO J.lW .73 by ehnnce inbtcrtttinnt are rmj paid till end v V11'. lTr o'crs inn uc imiirru. Ratas oil advertising made known on application. tiT OorremwndMice from all puts of the country sol totted. Address all comrnunlratlont to the Onr.uo.t Bcoirr, Tlnloti, Ureg-on. OFFICIAL DlKKCTOttY. UN1TKD BTATK.S. rmwiDHST llenjamln Harrison of Indiana. HROKitTART or Statu-Jainea O. Ilia ne of Maine HKORRTtRY ur tiik TiiKA-uitv William Wludom f Minnesota. Skckiitrt or War ttedfiel' Proctor of Vcrmort. Heokktart or tub Navv Ilonjimlo F. Tiacy of Nnir York. Hkokktart or tub Interior- John W. Njb!e of Mlnaourl. Potmaster-Qkni!RAL John Wanamaktr of Fenn ssiTanta. Attormiik.Oknrral W. H. H. Miller of Indiana. -BRcirnTARV or AuiucULTimB-Jereinlah Kunk cf Wisconsin. 8TATK OF OKKOOJT. Senator, Congressman, Oofernor, Secretary of Hlate, Htata Treasurer. J. H. MITCHELL. I J. N. DoLi'H. Bl.Ndr.R HERMANS. SVLVIMTER I'FNNOYER. Gl.OKUK W. McllllIIIK. (!. W. WKIIll, uiwrlntendeut of Tubllo Instruction, E. II. McHLRor. tttate Prinkf. - - I-'rmc O. IlAkr.n, fit. 8. t-TKAIIAN, ftunreme Judges, W. P. Loitu. lW. W. TllAVKK SIXTH JUDICIAL DI8TM0T. . .. . k. M. I). Clifford aireml Suite. . - jAMia A. Ff.k. Prnsscutlng Attorney ... 0. P. IIydk. COUNTY OF UNION. (J. W. NoRVAL. 1 J. II. IlAI.RY. fltt Senator!, RepresontaUres, Judge Hheiltf, Clerk, Recorder Tressnrer, Achcol Superintendent, SnrTejror, - : AjMtiaaor, Qorener, ommlsaionors, f John McAi.iktbr. I J. A. wruiiit. I. N Banders. I, T. IIoli.eh. TOKNRK IIUVKR. J. H. Elliott. Ti. 0. nitAINAHK. II 8. Straniik. J. L. tjl 11TIH. J. I). GUILD. Joel Wravkr j William Arnold, 1 John McDonald. CTTV OP UNION. J. W. Krnnrdy, 0. It. IIUKFHLKK. Mayor, "i , I'eoordnr, ... Miralial. fttreet Oommlnloner, Alien Johnson N. F. Ficklin, OOUNCII.MICN. B. F. Wilson. J. II. Corrin. J. 8. Elliott. a. K. Jove. J. M. Oarroll. 8. A. Pursel. LODGES. UNION LODOK, No 39, I. O. O. F MEICT8 EVEHY Friday evening at jyu o ciock WM. HALEY, N. O. O. B. Miller, Beretary. miAvni! nowriE fnoampmfjtt. No. 11. 1, o. o. F., meets on the riiat and third Tnedya in each month. U. H. AlJliuKxi, u. i: 3. B. Thompson, Scribe. nllAVDE RONDE VALLEY LODGE, No. 56. A F. k A. M., meeu on the kecond an 1 fourth Saturdays rerymontn. r.. . it a via, n . m. R. 11. Hrown, Hecretary. QliANDK RONDE VALLEY OIIAPTEn, No. 20.. R. A. M., metU flrat a. "1 third Turwlai a each mouth. W. T. Wli GUT, M. E. II. V. TurnkrOlitrr, Secretary. BLUR MOUNTAIN LODGE No. 28 K. OF P mesU erery Wedneaday erenlns. T. II. OllAWFORD, 0 O. TtmNER Oliver, K. of R. t 8. FRK8T0N POST, No. 13, O. A. It., MEETS EVERY third Saturday In each month at the Odd Fellows' hall. JOSHUA BRADFORD. P.O. Goo bob IIbininorr, Adjutant. CHURCHES. The Methodtrt Episcopal Church hold aerrlcea at 11 A M. anl 7 r. M. of eacu Hunday. llej. J. P. M0RRI8, Taator. aerricea arc) held at the Preabyterlan Church at 11 A, M. and 7 r. x. of tch HunJar. Iter. W, J. HUGHES, Taator. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. J. W. SUELTON. J. M. CARROLL. SHELTON & CARROLL, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Office two doora aouth of Poatoffice, Union, Oregon. Special attention glren to all bualneea entruated to ua. R. KAK1K. J. A. F.AKIN, NoUry Public. R. EAKIN & BRO., ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Union, OrpRrra, Prempt at'entlon pid to colltctiona. DR. E. N. NORTH, RESIDENT DENTIST, Has the fineat anaisthetio for eitractlnj teeth without pio known to the profession. Will practice lu all the hrsnchra of raoleru tlenttntry. Silver and Rold work a specialty. Fina sttt of teeth always on hand, First-class wk and sat'SfaHiin guaranteed. OHIpp Main St., Union, Or. . E. BROWNELL, M, D Physician and Surgeon, i:i(;ii Oroffon. far- Office t City Omt 8tore. -WSl I. N. CROMWELL, M. D HYSICIAN SAND SURGEON, OSo on door south of Summers k Lajno's store, Union, Oregon. TheCoyeDmStorel JASPAR G. STEYENS, Proprietor, DEALF.lt IK PURE DRUGS, Patent JWedieines, Perfumery, Paints and Oils. I'rpKcrlptlon Carefully l'repnroil ALSO DEALER IN- SPORTING GOODS, -CONSISTING OP- Rifles, Shotguns, Pistols and Cartridges. Imported and Domestic Cigars, Etc. Montreal Saloon Ed Remillard, Proprietor. If you want a refreshing drink or a good cigar, drop In. Billiard and pool tables for the accommodation of customers. Gornaeopia Saloon. William Wilson, Proprietor. The Finest of Wines, Liquors and Cigars Always in Stock. Firet-clan billiard table. Drop In and be sociable. For Information About the South ADDRE88 WITH STAMP. The Official Immigration Department OF FIFTEEN SOUTHERN STATES. CARL ROBINSON. Secretary, Raleigh, N. O. UnionTonsoFialPariofs GEORGE BAIRD, Proprietor. Shaving, Hair-Cutting and Shampooing in the Lasest Style or the Art. Shop two doors south of the Centennial hotel. Glre me a call. City Meat Market Main Street, Union, Oregon. BENSON BROS., Proprietors, KIKF CONHTAKTLY ON IIAND Beef, Fork, Veal, Mutton, Sausage, Hams, Lard, Etc. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. E. BROOKS, M. D Physician and Surgeon, Inland Vltr, Oregon. Prompt Attention given to all profes bloiiHl calls, d7 or ulgbt. H. D1TTEBRANDT, M. D Physician and Surgeon, Elgin, Oreiroti. t.W All calls promptly attended to, day or night. T. McNAUGHTON, M. D PHYSICIAN AND SURCEON, Klein, OrcKon. All lis promptly attended to day or nig WILLIAM KOENIG, Architect and Builder, Cove, OreKon. Drafts, plans and designs for dwellings and bridge furnished on apiUctlon. LOBSTER AND COD CULTURE. A New Ilppnrtnrn In the IropRf;tlon of the Slipllllsli. It is very probablo that unless wo lmve resort to artificial culture to replonish our lobster fisheries thero will bo a marked decline in Nova Scotia's output during tho next few years. Already Newfoundland is abend of uh in this branch of fish culture, for under tho management of Adolph Nielsen, a Ncr wegian expert, "tho ancient colony" hiu taken n new departure in tho propaga tion of cod and lobbtcrs. In a recent article Rev. Moses Harvey writes that the fish hatchery on tho shore of Trinity bay is tho largest in tho world for the propagation of codfish and lobsters, and capable of hatching 300,000.000 of cod and 200,000.000 lobsters in n single sea son. A single mother lobster can stow away no less than 20,000 eggs, and sho carries theso nbont with her until they are ri pened and hatched. Tho lobster trapper takes these mother fish and carries them to the factory, where they are thrown into boiling water, and of courso tho eggs are destroyed. Tho quantity of lobster ova that perish in this way is beyond all calculation, and is ono great cause of depleted fisheries. Mr. Harvey thus describes Mr. Niol sen's ingenious methods: Ho gets tho fe- malo lobster at tho factories before they are boiled, and with a sort of spoon con structed for the purpose he strips the eggs from tho fibrils and returns tho lob ster uninjured. Ho takes tho eggs which are not nearly so delicate ns those of tho cod, and places them in tho incu bators, where tho water is kept in coii' stant motion. After a time, longer or shorter ac cording to tho degree of ripeness they have reached before being removed from the mother, theso ova are hatched. With some of them only two days are required: in tho case of others less advanced a month or even two months may bo needed to hatch them. Unliko tho cod tho youtig lobster must bo fed, for it has no yolk sac to feed on when it breaks from tho shell. Mussels chopped fine, with occasionally a few yolks of eggs, furnish food on which they grow rapid ly, and in five or six days they have gono through their first shelling and are lit to bo set free in tho water to pick up their own living. Mr. Nielsen has invented floating in cubators to bo placed in the water near the lobster factories which are scattered around the shores. In these incubators the eggs are placed and attended to by men nroperly instructed. Ho has 4'i'l of thtseoating incubators distributed this year at thirteen different stations thirty-six at each. They are reported to bo working admirably. There would be no serious difficulty involved in making similar experiments upon our own coaht, and we understand that tho energetic minister of marine already has the proj ect under consideration. Halifax Her ald. Selling tlio Queen a Toiiilixtonn. Mr. Andrews came pretty near selling the queen a samplo of his marble that would have been a great thing for him. Ho was telling mo ull about it tho other day. '0. R. Johnson, tho vico consul," said he, "got mo a card to tho queen's draw ing room in May, and I went to it at tired in a court dres3 which I hired at a shop in Bond street. Thero was an aw ful crush, but I contrived to get pretty near tho head of tho procession by tip ping a sixpenco to the lord chancellor of tho privy chamber. ' I bowed and kissed the queen's hand in great shapo; told hei I had always admired and sympathized with her tha I particularly revered her for her uevotion to the memory of tho departed. My words seemed to touch her deeply. Sho answered that it was her determination to keep that memory forever green. 'In that case,' said 1, 'let me givo you a pointer buy a fifty foot 6lab of my verd-antiquo marble!"' "What did she say to that'" I asked. "She didn't say anything," replied Mr, Andrews, "but a rudo fat man in gilt lace and a cocked hat told mo to keep moving on around to tho left. I'd have closed a salo if it hadu't been for him.' Eugene Field in Chicago News. In tlm Cuslilng'ai Fire Itnoni, Very few of those who watched the torpedo boat Cashing as she took her spins around tho harbor, or as she ap peared in her cradle in tho dry dock, re alized how trying is service on board the little vessel, even in timo of peace. When tho Cushing is under way the temperature in tho littlo engino room gets up to anywhere from 130 to 150 degs., and in tho narrow quarters where in the twenty-threo officers and men are stowed tho thermometer for hours at a timo will register 100, But such things must bo when you put 1 ,700 horso power machinery into a boat of only ninety tons displacement aud tho safety valves are set to blow off at 2.10. Tho fire room of the Cushing when sho'is making her highest speed, 31.-1 miles an hour, must givo tho unfortunate men in it a vivid idea of how salamanders feel. Boston Transcript. Tho rolling of cold steel wire is now accomplished with ease, and instead of tho wire becomiug weakened by the process practical testa have demonstrated that its tensile strength is nearly doubled. In other words, the tonsilo strength of hot drawn stoel wire is 60,400 pounds to tho square inch, while that of cold rolled steel wire is 105,600 pounds. Ilouilln's DiiuiPktlc Contrivances. Hondin acquired it comfortablo com petence by the exercise of his ait, and ho built a handsome villa at St. Gervais, near Blois. When he had retired from business ho amused himself by introduc ing varouji curious inventions into his place and the grounds attached to it The gsnlen gato was situated some -100 yards from the house. A visitor had only to rane a diminutive brass knocker and let it mil upon the forehead of a fan tastic faco making but a faint sound when a largo bell was set in motion iu the villa. At the same time tho gate swung open automatically, the plato bearing tho name "Robert Houdin" disappeared, and another took its plnco on which was engraved the word "Entrez." When the postman delivered tho letters ho had brought ho was instructed to drop them through a slit in tho gato into the recep tacle provided for this purpose Tho box, directly this was done, started of its own accord on its journey to tho front door of the house by means of it miniature elevated railway. Houdin invented, too, an ingenious contrivance by which, whilo lying in bed, ho could feed his horso in n stable fifty yards from tho villa, for on touch ing a small button there was put in mo tion an appaiatus that caused tho exact portion of oats required for tho animal's meal to fall into tho manger from tho granary above. By another curious pieco of mechanism a little bench that stood besido a ravine in a remote part of tho grounds was so constructed that imme diately any person sat down upon it tho machine automatically traversed a nar row bridge that spanned tho gorgo, and having deposited tho occupant on tho other side the bench returned to its orig inal position. Chambers' Journal. Sweet Vencemire. A good joko is told upon two St. Cloud gentlemen, botli of whom are well known young men. Ono of them is a married man. Tho other day two young ladies from, well, it might have been Minneapolis, arrived on a visit to his wife. Soon after their arrival tho two gentlemen conceived a diabolical idea. A mouse was captured and tied between tho bed clothes iu tho apartment occu pied by tho visitors shortly before they retired. The reporter's informant re frained from giving tho tragic details of th finding of tho imprisoned animal, aud it must suflico to say that it was tt-w-f-u-1! Thero was no peaceful slum ber for the visitors that night, and until dawn was spent by the young ladies in deliberating upon how to avenge tho above practical joko. They succeeded most admirably. Last night the two gontlomen, who occupied the same room, retired as usual. Occasionally they would remember some thing about the mouse and then n roar of laughter would bo heard. But sud denly everything grow Btill. Then thero were some remarks that sounded liko "cuss words," and suddenly a prolonged snuffing noise, and then tho anxious listeners knew that all was over, or rather under tho bed. It is explained that when the two young men proceeded to don what is commonly designated as a "night dress" no ingress or egress could bo discovered. They were sealed hermetically sealed. Tho crash was caused by tho fragilo form of a man falling to tho floor through u sheet, which was mistakingly taken for a mattress. The gentleman slept upon tho floor. St. Cloud Times. Wealth In the Watermelon. Every season develops inoro and more fully tho prevailing necessity for tho dis covery of some practical and profitablo use to which the surplus melon crop may be put. Every melon left in tho field at tho end of the season, except for seed, represents a waste. A means by which this waste, which annually as sumes enormous proportions, could bo averted would no doubt bo hailed with pleasure by every melon grower in tho country: therefore tho announcement from the Southland to tho effect that such means has been discovered, if au thenticated, is un important one. The now discovery, which consists of converting tho melon bulb into sirup, it is alleged, will establish iu tho south an industry scarcely of second importance to that of producing oil from cotton seed, and tho product is vouched for as being tho very best over yet mado. If the report proves true, and there seems to be little or no reason for discrediting it, Mississippi and Scott counties may, with a littlo energy, convert that which is now absolutely valueless into profits running into tho thousunds. Charleston Democrat. A cemetery of tho Merovingian ponoa has been disclosed by workmen in a rail way cutting near Argentouil. Franco. Two hundred and twenty tombs were brought to light. Tho primitive mode of coffining tho dead in plaster of parts was resorted to by tho people who buried in this cemetery. Tho plaster envelopes havo resisted well tho action of time, it is reported, as all tho skeletons were pre served. Paris Letter. In Chatham it will bo noticed that there aro on many barns and many out buildings signs which, to tho uninitiat ed, are, of themselves, meaningless. They havo fantastic namoa curved uion them, such oa "Flying Cloud," "Mur gnerite," etc, Thoy aro all that aro left of once gallant ships that havo been wrecked on tho bars aud shoals off Chat ham. Many thero aro of these. Prov iucetown Beacon. MR. WILSON'S TWO COLUMNS. A I'rlRlitful Hitllroiiil Accident, anil a Khmlinv.v I'orni Hrlng the News. "Mr. Wilson, how soon can you get ready to sLtrt for H , Illinois?" "In an hour, sir." This conversation took placo in the office of The New York Chroniclo one morning as tho men on tho staff camo to receive their assignments. If tho city editor had asked Wilson how soon ho could g"t ready to start for Alaska ho would have received precisely tho same reply. Edwjird Wilson hurried off to his rooms, and hastily packing a fow neces saries in a valise reported back at thu office in exactly an hour. "Lie was a paragon of a reporter," you will say, "this Wilson." But ho was merely an ordinary city staff reporter, who, like thousands of othora on tho big dailies of America, stand ready at an hour's notice to start for any part of thu world. "This Illinois story will bring two col umns, even if I'm recalled immediate ly," ho mused, as ho rattled up to tha Grand Central station iu u hansom; "two columns will bring my bank ac count up to $100, and $100 will bring tho wife and littlo ono to Now York." Wil son thought with delight how happy they would be in his comfortablo littlo Lexington avenue flat. It was a pleas ant littlo day dream. In fifteen minutes tho Buffalo express, bearing the newspaper man to his desti nation, rushed snorting out of tho Har lem tunnel liko another earth bound Thor rejoicing at his freedom. Past tho end of Manhattan Island, past River dale, Youkers and all tho lovely north ern suburbs of tho city, along tho rolling Hudson, past tho muddy Mohawk, then ns night fell screaming past tho littlo hamlets sleeping under tho hills of cen tral New York, and on, on, on, to tho great lakes. Thero was nothing in tho car to inter est Wilson, aud as the sun sank behind tho ripening wheat fields ho dozed fit fully, and waking would sleep again, waking and sleeping by fitful starts and wondering what it was that kept him in a vaguo but all tho more fearful terror. Filially ho slept, and it was whilo ho dreamed that a terrible accident hap pened. Tho trestle bridge over a swollen creek, weakened by tho rush of waters, had given way under tho advancing train and 000 peoplo wore hurled into tho creek. Thrco or four men hurriedly furnish ing late "copy." A dozing office boy waking every few minutes to gTanco at tho clock and long for 2 o'clock and free dom. Tho night desks littered with proof slips and "held over copy." No sound but tho operator ticking "good night" to his far off brothers and an oc casional shout of "Copy!" from tho desk. A tall figure in n caped overcoat aud traveling cap enters tho room, and si lently walking up to tho night desk la)'s some "copy" before tho editor. Tho men in the office bonding over their work do not see him pass; but tho office boy, brushing his hat, yawns "Good morning, Mr. Wilson," but tho form goes straight on. "Can't use this, Mr. Wilson," says the editor, looking nt tho clock. "Why, it's 1 :50. Tho paper'B going to press. What is it any way?" "Yes, by George, wo will run it," ho continues excitedly. "Jim, stop the presses." . Then to tho operator, "IIovo you an accident on the New York and Buffalo yet?" "No, sir." "How did you got it, Wilson?' But tho form had gone. "My God! listen to this," says tho sub-editor. "Tho accident must havo occurred at 1:50 exactly. Among tho dead was Edward Wilson, a reporter on The New York Morning Chronicle. What was it then that brought this copy' in?" "I don't know," replied tho editor in a hushed voice. "Send tho story up just as it is. It i nns exactly two columns." New York Tribune. The Inutility of Uniform Divorce Lit us. The cry has been for several years for United States interference iu divorco legislation by meaiiH of uniform mar riage laws throughout tho country, tho assumption being that peoplo troop back and forth from one state to another and get divorces for causes which would not bo sufficient in their own states. But ' all this has been effectually disposed of by tho recent masterly report of tho Hon. Carroll D. Wright, tho United, States commissioner of labor. Ho has shown that more than 60 per cont. of all ' divorces aro procured in tho states iu ' which tho couples were marriod. Ab re gards tho remaining 20 er cent, tho par ties, in wry many instances, had immi grated toother states after marriage and become bouafldo residents, with no thought of divorce. So that tho number of thoso proved to havo gono to other states for tho purposo of securing di vorces is probably much less than 10 per cent, of tho whole. It is apparent then that uniform laws can no longer be looked upon ns a panacea, Rov. M. J, Savago in Forum. The uso of a ring at n wedding cere mony has been u custom for many years, and in many countries besides our own. In Russia two rings aro mod, which are changed about, each wearing both rings in turn, and finally each keeping one. PRIOR OS EUROPEAN SOLDIERS. What the War Artlst-Cnrreapnndent llaa tu ay on tho Subject. The best novate soldier on th conti nent Is tli Uerzvgovtuuut, above, all tor Btrengtti stamina ilw aud cnurnge A. whole regiment mil average men over nix. feet titfjli Tbey are brown blonde men. mountaineer?! who tight with any sort oC a gun they can get. and they act well lav concert The German private ran ha next. Fie ts kept In tliralltlotu and taught only to obey lie uses his armi well, and Is aa steady ua a rock in the luce of fire The best shots In a German company receive extra allow anc4-a of food and pay for their marks manship The poorer sbotR aro required to dij out the bullets from tho target or Mind hank The German private Is tha best umrkainau of all tho Luropean rank and Gle The Turk deserves honorable mention next. A hundred unolllcerod Turks will light better than any other hundred pri vates They averacoof good size and are dark Hotter armed and led they would render a better account of themselves. They have any arum they can get now. chiefly the Remington and Peabody rltlea Mr Prior nny the Turk la "the ono gen tleman you meet on the face of tho oarth " He bus the true noun of battle He shows a fellow combatant or non-combatant tha greatest kindness and consideration Says Mr Prior "The Turk of the innk has often saved me almost from starva tion I offered him a gold piece for a tn gle biscuit he shook his head and wouldn't hell Then he would break it In two and Plvo mo half of It. They fear nothing a a war which they esteem Bncred. Ilka tholr contest ugninst tbo Bulgarians, they nro cupablo of any atrocities in the name of religion "On tho other hand. I have often had Turks drug me away from my lonely camp fire to theirs, sing me their sougs, press their food and cigarettes on mo. I did n t Bpeak their language, but 1 had my drago man with mo all the time as Interpreter. Tho Turks average old. t am a Turoo philo M The French private should bo esteemed next. In Mr Prior's Judgment, lie Is sv. little man, very slovenly and bombastlo and quite young in average years Bub. when It comes to a charge, or any matter of dash and pluck, the Frenchman la aw pal hint soldier Vet he can't stand ad versity, hardship or defeat- lie must have his bouilli or ho "hint worth a. ctiss " At the same time, under proper conditions, ho is hardy The French have new reixiutlng rifles, a better arm perhaps, than that of any European soldier Vet the Frenchman can't shoot as accurately as the German. The French army Is well, drilled now The Russian private la a forbearing and hard workiug animal In the Hubho Turklsh war lie was entirely overwelght& with arms and equipments, a fault that has been discovered and remedied. Ua has a new title now, a good one, too Be fore he had the Croker and Berdau guns,, as heavy again as tho British Martini Henry "A good Europeau war now would bo worth $50,000,000 to the United Suite in more ways than one," was Mr Prior's closing remark. New York World. Thoso Irore mothers of Ours. Among my most vivid childish recol lections is that of rival belles, ono of whom, tn my admiring eight, spanned her waist with her lolnod hands, whilo the other triumphantly crossed her arms behind her back and in terlaced the fingers she brought, around to the front of her girdle Our girl may be a simpleton, but Bho has taken in. If only by absorption, a general idea of arterial circulation and lung na tion aud attempts no such suicidal enor mities as the above. Our granduunts had small feet. If they were not born with them they made them. Their fairy figures were balanced upoot high heels no larger at the base than a liver dime, and But well toward the In ttep While scant skirts were in vogue, few had tho moral courage to moke that Innermost of these of flannel, and tbt merino vests were unknown. On tho. night of Elizabeth Patterson's naptuiia with Jerome Bonaparte, she wore but single undergarment beneath her bridal robe The hair was dragged painfully upward, tied fast, pomatumed, powdered and pinned Into a helmet over cushion that made the head ache, tho pores of tho kin were choked with pulverized starch, rice and chalk, sometimes with a substra tum of tallow to make the powder stickl All I they were very much made up and made over, those foremothera of ours, who smirk aalntfully at us from tarnished, picture frames, stonily sweet, while wo writhe aud grimace at tho dregs of th full cup of ills wrung out to us by tbo Iron hand of heredity. Marion Uarlaad Lu. Philadelphia Times. Tho Study of Dlutuondsv Btrango as it may seem to tho unini tiated, no two diamonds are exactly alike, but each has a vlrtuo and a value pecu liarly its own. It is just as rare to sco two Individuals exactly alike In faco, form and feature as it is to see two diamonds. The Idea, also, that a dealer in diainondu can tell by looking at a gom its exact value is nil nonsense. A diamond has to bo studied. Whilo tho aid of tv glass will help to discover tho ullghtcst flaw or imporfoctlou, it does not bring out Its truo valuo, by a lonfr way. Men who handle money constantly con doted a light coin by simply handling aud examining casually, but a dun dia mond has got to bo studied from all points before u eufe estimate can bo put upon its value. fJhape, size, perfection of cut tin;; and such mutters cut an Important f)gur. in a diamond's value. Diamond Dealer la Ulobe-Dcmocrat. It has been discovered that at least a portion of tho "great American desert" la underlaid by n stratum of water which, may bo reached by boring from 100 to CU!) feet. Tho wells flow so bountifully that ono of them will water thoroughly five or six oercslof land. Frank Leslie's. It vliaa surprising how much e&sier It vims to forglf a uuui who has done you a real Injury dan one who wrouga ynu uii luteutloimlly or one you bat wiui;i4 yourself. Carl Duuder.