THE DIVORCE PROBLEM. t'oltlun or the Ciitholic Church on the 3tiirrlucp (JiiFtluu. Cardinal Gibbons lias been inter flowed regarding the position of the Cntholie chureh to the question of divorco mid remarriage, and lie said: "Tho ehtireh hold that under cer tain circumstances se)arntion may bo necessary, but in no ease does it sune tioif a divorce implying the right to yemnrriugo. '"The church holds marriage to bo irrevocable. There is no absolute re lease allowed a vinculo. The Gospel forbids a man to have more than one wife or a wife to have more than one husband, and we follow the Gospel teaching. "Marriage is the most aviolnble of all contracts. Adultery alone may justify a divorce, in the cases of a sep aration. But not in any case does it justify a remarriiige during the life time, of the two partners to the wod Jing contract. Moses, we know, per mitted separation in principle, but in this tolorafhtn the great law-giver had regard to the violent passions of the Jewish people for whom he legislated, md to their liability to fall into great er excess if their desire for a divorco wero altogether refused. "Then, you know, our Lord Himsolf says: 'Whosoever shall put away his wife, and shall lnurry another, eom mitteth adultery,' while, though an in jured consort may be justified by the Gospel in obtaining a 'divorce from bed and board,' tho church firmly maintains that this does not imply the privilegoof remarrying, whatever Pro testant commentators may assert to the contrary. "When the Pharisees tempted Christ, you may remember, the Saviour an swered: 'And I say to you that who soever shall put away his wife, except it bo for fornication, and shall marry another, coinmittuth adultery; and ho that shall marry her that is put away committcth adultery.1 Hence no man and no legislation can validly dissolve tho contract. "Mark, Luke and Paul all flatly for bid divorco a vinculo. The law of the Catholic church is inflexible. Pope i'lomont VII. refused to sanction Hnry XIII. 's divorce from Catherine of Aragon. and England was lost to tho Dhurch. "Tho ease with which releases from matrimonial contracts aro obtained in some of our States is fraught with dangorous consequences. Some of tho pretonded causes evoked are so trivial that they would raiso a smile if tha matter were not so terribly serious. "You may shrink from the rigor of tlio Catholic teaching, but surely it is merciful beside the cruel consequoncos of indiscriminate divorces we see nowa days. "Yes, the marriage of a divorced Catholic during his partner's lifetime necessarily involves his being put with out tho palo of tho chureh. In such cases it is not only the right, but tho duty, of our priests to refuse tho of fender absolution or tho sacraments. But 1 should hesitate to go so far as to refuse tho sacraments to a Catholic who had meroly obtained a divorce." Baltimore American. THE EARTH'S DURATION. Iiiritrnctlvi- Sjicciilutlcnis on 11 Tht-inu of Never-CViiPtliiff IntcriMl. Tho present ago of tho earth has beon placed by Sir William Thomson at 100,000,000 years, while the specula tions of others have given much largor ligures. M. Adolpho d' Assier, who believes such estimates to bo greatly exaggerated, considers tho life of tno earth in three periods, which he terms, tho igneous or nobulo-sfollar stadium, tho stadium of solar illumination or of organic life, and tho stadium of dark ness, cold and denth. The first which bogan with tho detachment of tho terrestrial nebula from tho solar, and onded in tho formation of tho crystallino crust of tho globe ho cal culates from physical laws to havo beon 500,000 years in duration. Tho second (roniprising tho presont epoch, and to close with extinction of tho sun, embracing the entire cycle of geological formations Ls found by geological and physical ovidonco as likoly to have a total length of 25,000,000 years, of which more that half has passed. Tho third stadium starting from tho end of coLir illumination, and closing in tho terrible and inevitable catastrophe of tho fall of tho envtli to tho sun, and momentarily brightened by tho in candosconco of tho oarth as tho moon crashes into it will havo a length that can not bo calculated until tho preclso rate of acceleration of tho mo tion oS tho earth around tho conter of attraction is known, but will probably bo, at the lowest estimate, 100,000,000 years or more. Upon tho whole, tho present ago of tho earth appears to bo about 10,000.000 years. This is but a small part of its oxistonco, and ovory thing leads to tho belief that its total evolution through tho immonsity of space will exceed a million centuries. Arkunaw Traveler. , An Editorial Victim. "How do you mako such beautiful vorsos, llerbort," sho nskod, as she gazed admiringly into his faoe. "Oh, it's easy onough after you onco got started," said Horbort, modontly. Vlt must be delightful to bo ablo to oxpross your pootio thoughts. I soino timos havo them, but I can not put thorn Into words. Thero is pootry ovory whoro if vou only know whore to iook for it" Yob; it's surprising 'nv muoh tharo le," said Horbert, who had called on sn editor thnt day. "I ki.wr wli. ro there's n whole bask.-t f ol U rtfkt. now." Merchant Tjahsp. FOREIGN GOSSIP. The crown of Chnrlos II., mnde In 1CG0, is the oldest existing in England, The monastery of Melk, in Austria. lately celebrnted tho elght-hundreth nnniversary of its foundation. Some of the handsomest shops in Paris aro now devoted to the sale of Japnnese wares, and aro wholly con ducted by .laps. Holland reclaims an averago of eight aej-es per day from the sea. and the salt water is no sooner crowded out than cabbage is crowded in. Queen Victoria objects to the gen eral use of electric lights at Windsor Castle, because it is too strong for her eyes, and it is therefore restricted to a few localities. Including policemen, post-oflleo oflicials. marlvc?.i:-i and women, care takers, hospital nurses, and newspa per writers and printer:!, it is estimat ed that fully one hundred thousand of the inhabitants of Londoiiaaro night workers. The EttTol Tower is now declared even by those who feared that it would be unsightly, to havo r. "light and graceful appearance in spite of its gigantic size, and to be an imposing monument, worthy of Paris. ' A curious animal peculiar to Tin mania is the Tasmania devil. Itvis equal in size to tho short-legged terrier. Its skin is nearly of equal thickness of that of a pig. and it is covered with course, jet-black hair. It is of the boar species and possesses a power of jaw scarcely inferior to that of the bulldog. Ex-King Milan of Servia was so afraid of assassination during his reign that ho slept in a room with double doors cased in stool. A powerful mastiff lay at the foot e his bed, and he always kept a loaded revolver on a table bv his bodside. When eating alone tho King would not use any made dishes, and satisfied his appetite with toast and boiled eggs. Tho trumpeter who congratulated tho German Emperor early on tho morning of his majesty's birthday an niversary by a joyous blast from his instrument, has been lined three marks "for giving a signal which was not re quired," but his imperial master has put balm into the wounds which tho line inflicted on tho patriotic trumpeter by expressing to him, in a personal audience, his pleasure at the birthday salutation, and presenting him with a JL'S note. Over the grave where Matthew Arnold lies with his four children, in Laleham church-yard, there has beon placed a plain head-stone of white marble, containing beneath the raised cross the inscription: "Matthew Ar nold, oldest son of tho late Thomas Arnold, 1). 1)., hoad master of Kugby School. Born Dec. 21, 1822. Died April 15, 1888. There has sprung up a light for tho righteous, a joyful glad ness for such as aro true-hearted." A bridge on ono of tho upper courses of the Yang-Tse river, do scribed bv an American missionary to China, presents very unusual features in the way of ornaments. Tho bridgo ls of stone, and has buttresses up and down stream at (f.ich of tho piors raised about fivo feet above the water. Tlieso buttresses are used to support stand ing or reclinivg figures of animals. Those up stream aro water monsters; down stream arc land animals, such us the bulTalo and bear. PROTECTING AN EDITOK. A. Seoonil Dnnlol Dlminvert'tl In n .Small Culifornhi Town. At last wo havo got the printer where wo want him. Since tho es tablishment of printing tho compositor has hold tho whip hand over tho news paper writer. Moro brilliant efforts of gonius havo been ruined by tho man who has tho putting of thorn in typo to do than havo btoii lost by novor being printed at all. And thero has boon no law to punish him. Thero has been moro trouble over how matter-has beon put in the paper than over what matter has been put thero. Tho compositor Is my natural enemy, and it is with a gleo I can not and do not caro to hido that I got this in on him. Civilization in its highest form has doveloped it self in a small town of California. Wo havo somo fair showing of it in San Francisco, a little loss in Now York and a triflo in Oakland, but this out-of-tho-way little town, unassuming and modest, as all great peoplo and com munities are, Jesorves to bo placed at the top of tho list. It seems that somo tlmo ago thero wns Eomo trouble in the oillco of tho only papor pub lished thoro. Tho editor is proprietor, advertising oanvassor, reporter and dramatic critic; tho printer is foreman, sub, devil, butt ry-boy and father of tho chapel. Ho conducted himsolf a small union, tho printer did, nnd ono night ho went and got full and inde pendent and roftised to got tho paper out. I ho editor, oto., argued tho mat- tor quietly at first, but falling to got any satisfaction, ho took a mallet and knocked tho printer, etc., on tho hoad until tho union gavo in and pledged his word to got out tho paper if ho'd lot him up. Ho got m nnd ho got out tho papor, and thou ho went and had tho editor, etc., arrested for assault. Tho case was tried. Tho decision should bo printed in letters of gold and inado a prominont legond on all nowspapor buildings. Tho judgo. all honor and praUe to him! dismissod tho caso. Ho gave a reason: ."We havo only ono pa per here and ono editor, und ho must bo protected; therefore, I dismiss tho in- Oh. upright judge! Oh, wlso ami learned judge! A Dunie!, t-nj 1! feai 1' .itifi.u Cirouicic EDISON'S FIRST CHECK. The Vlmrr IMIIlintty In r.rttlnc It CikIioiI nt the Itimk. "Wizard" Edison came over from Menlo Park the other day on some bus iness connected with some of his nu merous enterprises, and during the afternoon spent several hours with one of the oflicials of the big electrie-lighl company. During lunch tno groat electrician became chatty and told, in his quaint way, the story of his lirst acquaintance with any large sum of money. It was in the djvys when ho was struggling along with his earlier in ventions, and didn't have big capital ists to back him. in fact, ho didn't have any bank account himself, and hardly knew what one was. Bank checks were things ho had never bad occasion to use. and had about as much idea of their value as the man in the moon. " Edison had finally sold his patent on the gold nnd stock indicator to the Western Union Telegraph Company for $10,000, and was coining over to New York to get his money. He had heard of Wall street and its bulls and bears, and had been told that it was full of "sharks," who would lleoce a man very quick. So he made up his mind that Wall street was a vovy dangerous place, and that if ho ever had occasion to go there ho would be lucky if he got away without losing his overcoat and umbrella. At that time General Lefferts was president of the Western Union. One morving Edison eair.vi into tho com pany's general offices to close up the ale of his patent. After a few pre liminaries he was given a check for ? 10,000. He looked at it curiously for a mo ment or two, and appeared to bo puz zled what to do with it. He knew that he had so'd a patent to the West ern Union Company for .$ 10,000, but he didn't see any money. Observing his perplexity, General LolTcrts told him that if he would go down to tho Bank of America, in Wall street, he could get the check cashed. "So I started out," said Edison, "after careful .y fold'rg up tho check, and wont toward Wall street. So un certain was 1 in regard to that way of doing business that I thought while on the way that if any man should como up o mo and olTor mo two crisp thousand-dollar bills lor that pleco of paper I should give him up the check very quick." On arriving at tho Bank of America ho hesitated about entering, fearing still that somothing might bo wrong. At last, however, bo mustered up cour age and determined to try it. Ho know that General LolTcrts had told him he would get his money here, so ho braced ahead and half tremblingly shoved his check out to tho cashier. The latter scrutinized it closely, gavo Edison a piercing glauca and said somothing which Edison could not understand, as ho was hard of hearing. That was enough. He was now moro than over convinced that his "check" wasn't worth 10,000, and again thought, as ho rushed out of the bank with it, that any man who would give him $2,000 could walk away with tho check. Ho hurried back to tho Western Union and said ho couldn't got any money. General LeITerts then sent a man with him to identify him. Ho said that "This man is Thomas A. Edison, to whoso order tho check is drawn." "Why, certainly, Mr. Edison," said the cashier, very obsequiously, "how would you like your $10,000? In what shape?" "Oh, any way to suit tho bank. It doesn't make any dilToronco to mo so long as I get my money," Edison was given $10,000 in lnrgo bills, f After dividing tho roll into two wnds of $20,000 each, ho stullod ono into each tvousors pocket, buttoned up his coat as tightly as possible, and made a break to got out of Wall stroot as quick as he could. Tho next day Edison hogeu to work on his first lab oratory at Newark, N. Y. Journal. The Head of the Army. General Schollold's salary Is $1:5,000. Although ho is tho successor of Shor idan, who followed a lino of soldiers In tho otllco who wore National heroes, and although ho is rightfully tho in cumbent by reason of his services to tho country, his career has not boon such as to mako his name over familiar to peoplo generally. His military life has been long and tho duties faithfully performed, but in fow ovonts ho has boon very conspicuous. GonoralScho flohl was born on tho 2'Jth of Septem ber, 1831. Ho graduated from tho United States Military Academy in lHa.'i, in tho same class with Sheridan, Mi Phorson and Ho6d. Before tho war ho left tho sorvico to bocomo a profes sor oi natural sclonco la a university, but at tho breaking out of hostilities ho entered tho army us a volunteer. A .Major's commission was tendered to him at onco and on November 21. 1801, ho had readied tho grade of Bridadlor-Gouorul. Ho served all through tho war, notably In tho At lantic campaign, and for a tfmo was Secretary of War in Grant's first Cab inet. At pros'-nt his duties aro prac tically nominal, for thoro aro plonty ol subordinate? to look after details. He lias an oflico In tho department build ing which Is principally interesting for the relies which it contains of his sorv ico. Sheridan filled up his office in a similar way, ami it was a favorite spot for slghtsoors. Tho remark ig frequently hoard here that Sheridan died as a result of idleness. He wan aeoustomed to a typical soldier's life and a stnoour worried him more than a campaign. Lniwvjilo Courier-Jour-un' BEWITCHING MATRONS. Women Tnt Thirty the Mint Interrtln(f In Amrrirnn Society. "Tho buds," snysUustnn. "are a nine days' wonder, and .ire much talked of for that, space of time, but it is tho women past thirty who are tho most interesting in America. They seem to have the gift of eternal youth, and at fifty are more agreeable looking than tho women of any other country." Uustan's observation will surprise people whose sole knowledge of fash ionable society is derived from the chroniclers of a quarter or half century back, but to the onlooker, as well as to tho foreign traveler, it is patent that there is a great physical change in the American society women as exempli fied In New York. They hold their ago in an astonishing and unprece dented manner and seem not to at tain the zenith of their beauty till a point beyond which they wore once hopelessly pussc. Men say that the women of to-day are at thirty five no older than they formerly wore at twenty-five, and that there is a cor responding difference all along the line: that, consequently, they dress younger without incongruity; and that beyond and above all this they have learned to grow old with grace, which means tfiat they nnvo at icasi recog nized that it is futile to sham youth and have set themselves to develop wit, stylo and other attributes which aro permanent and may grow instead of lessening with time. In tho time of our mothers and grnndiiiothors, if the society chron iclers are a guide, a woman was con sidered old after twenty-five. If she did not marrv in hor first season she was called a "relic" and made to feel in tho way. And thoro was some reason for tho raillery. Between then and now two things havo happened. Health has become tho fashion, and is sought for passion ately and successfully. Clear skins. natural color, linn muscles, bright eyes and elastic stops are now tho order of tho'day, and a woman who was onco as transient as snow has bocomo as permanent as her husband. That pro tension to youth fulness is not now tho common weakness is evidenced by tho fact that the humorous papers, which onco found this the most fruitful sub ject for josts, have turned their atten tion to other foibles. With this change men's taste regarding women sooms to havo altered somewhat. Whoro onco ho admired tho beauty of youth alone, nnd was satisfied with dumb rosponso to emotion, no now noma mis a great deal more. The woman of to-day must mako horsolf agree able, not passively, but actively; sho must bo brillllant and witty, pos sessed of tact and ablo to entertain; must havo tho art of dressing, the knowledge of men, the art of llattor ing, must bo in short a women of tho world with tho liboral education which that Impilos. Tho day of tho doll has passed away; tho debutante is in no flurry to get married and tho yearling pasture is not tho wife market it was. It might bo supposed that women who keep up a continuous round of dinners, operas and balls would look dragged out and weary and old boforo tholr time, but in reality thoy aro in tho most splendid physical condition. Thoy aro up, it is true, till tho small hours of tho morning, drinking cham pagno.dancing.convorsing and flirting; but this is thoir solo occupation, and it does not begin boforo four o'clock in the afternoon. Tho remainder of tholr limo is spout in tho pursuit of health. After a noon breakfast, thoy drive, twice a week, to tho Turkish baths, and aro steamed, pounded, plunged and showered, shampooed and mani cured, and turned out as if now mado from tho hand of God. No other creature, unless it bo thoroughbred racers, havo such caro glvon to thoir bodies as tlieso women whoso business is socloty. Whatovor sclonco and art havo discovered and Invented, or nat ure allotted, to glvo health and boau ty. Is commanded by thorn, until it is now beginning to bo said, curiously, that the women are outlasting tho men. Tho socloty woman depends greatly on luxurious bathing to renew hor strength. Tho Turkish bath must bo takon outside the homo, but tho bath rooms in some of tho woalthy housos glvo ovidonco by thoir costlinoss and beauty of tho part they play in tho daily economy. N. Y. Mall and Ex press. The Sunbeam of Existence. Cheerfulness Is tho sunbeam of ex istence. It penotrutes into tho small est eroviccs. It drives away tho dark ost mists. If over a man eamo Into tho world with a destiny, tho cheerful intui is that ono. It Is his mission to preach unconsciously tho doctrine of huppiucBs. Ho is a true apostle. Cheerfulness is tho actlvo prlnoiplo of physical as well a moral life. This active principle lies dormant within every man unless ho is spiritually and physically dofoctlvo. It requires cul tivation to mako it boar fruit. It Is better than money because it can not Wo lost. It is bettor than loarnlng, because learning opens tho book of lifo and convinces us that wu novor can see but an infinitesimal segment of all that is to be known. Tho phi losopher Gootho. with all his inspira tion and erudition, on his death bed jried for "moro light," "more light." Hut cheerfulness satisfies. Cheerful ness irradiates the deepest gloom and ttlono makos lifo worth living. De troit Froo Press. Soiontiats declare that It would .ake only fight days for a cannon-ball toxu'ii' thv moon. PICTURE OF 'WASHINGTON. Thv rrnniil ,iii.-hi,um'p of Our 1'lrnt l'r.lrf.nt In 1180 mill In t?!)S. As described by David Ackerson. In 1H11. Washington had a large, thick nose, and it win very red that day, giving me tho impression that he win no so moderate in the uso of liquors as ho was supposed to be. 1 found after ward that this was a peculiarity. Ili nose was apt to turn scarlet in a cold wind. Ho was standing near a -.mull ramp fire, evidently lost in thought and making no effort to keep warm. He seemed six f.M-tand n li.ilf in height, was as erect as an Indian, ami did not for a moment relax from a military attitude. Washington's exact height win six feet two inches in his boots. lie was then a little lame from striking hi knee against a tree. His eye win so gray that it looked almost white, nnd I he had a trouble.! look on his colorless face. He had n piece of woolen tied around his throat and wns quite hiwse. Perhaps the throat trouble from which 1 he finally died had Its origin about then. Washington's boots wero enormous, riiey wero No. LI. His ordinary walk ing shoes were No. 11. His hands wero largo in proportion, and he could not buy u glovo to fit him and had to havo his gloves made to order. His mouth was Ills strong feature, the lips being always tightly compressed. That day they wore compressed so tightly lis to bo painful to look at. At that time he weighed 200 pounds, and there was no surplus flesh about him. He was tremendously muscled, and tho fame of bis great strength was ovory where. His large tent, when wrapped up witn tho poles, was so heavy that, it required two men to place It in the camp wagon. Washington would lift it with one hand and throw It Into tho wagon as easily as if it were r pair of saddle-bags. Ho could hold a musket with ono hand and shoot with precision as easily as other men did with a horse pistol. His lungs wore his weak point and his voice was never strong. Ho was at that lime in the prlir.o of lifo. His hair wns a chestnut brown, his cheeks were prominont, and his head was not large in contrast to ovory other part of his body, which seemed largo and bony at all points. His linger joints anil wrists woro so largo as to bo genuine curiosities. As to habits at that period 1 found out much that might bo interesting. Ho was an enormous eater, but was content Willi broad and meat, if ho had plonty of it. But hungor seamed to put him in a rage. It was his custom to take a drink of rum or whisky on awaking In tho morning. Of courso all this was changed when ho grow old. 1 saw him at Alexandria j. year boforo he died. His hair was very gray and his form was slightly bent. His chest was very thin. Ho had false tooth which did not fit and pushed his under lip outward. Al bany Express. HONEST CARL DUNDER. Somn Thing Whlih tin- Old C.cn tloinuii Dors Not lhiilortuitil. Vhon dor Americans got so mailt at King Sboorgo dot doy can't shtand it no longer eaferypody goos py Boston harbor und throws some tea oaferpoard moro ash four hoonorod shests. Dot lea vhas all wasted in dor water, but dor principle vhas shust dor same if dor peoples take it homo und drink It. I can't understand vhy dey don't. Washington goos across dor Dela ware Kivor py a skill. It vhas a coldt, .lark night, uiul more it:o vhas around dan you can put in feefty rofrigertors. If I vhas Washington I wait until some shteamboat como along, or somopody builds a bridge. 1 doau' take all dose shancos mitout any accidont insuranco on my potiy. Washington goes into camp at Val ley Forgo for dor winter, und she vhas so cold dot eafcryeody suitors like ho vhas In Chicago. I don't quite sco how It vhas. if I vhas a batrlot und light ing for my country I go into camp in a brick house heated by steam, und 1 haf fried oysters und shickon pot-pioeafery day of my life. It looks to moas if Shon eral Washington makes a big mlstako uboudttlot. it vhas no good to freozo to death for your country. Dot doan' lick dor British. Veen Shoneral Washington gets dot Lord Cornwaills in a box at Yorktowu ho vhalks oop und down mlt great dig uity und doau' glf oven ono yoll. If dot vhas mo I glf some whoops und yells nnd screams 1 shump oop mid down 1 paint dot plnco so red ash nofer vhas. I vcalk oop to dot Corn waills und I say: 'How you like It so far ash you went, hoy! Mnypo now you Uko to go homo und pohave horsolf! 1 haf got some bulge on you, und now you po havo himsolf or I mako It purty hot!" Dat Paul Shones vhas a good lighter, out I can't quite mako oudt about him. If ho goos into a fight mlt a bigger ship und gets licked ho doan' tell no pody, Ilosliust keeps fighting right along, und he tells dor men caforytlugs vhas all O. K., und by und by dot big ship pulls down hor Hug mid says she vhus soseek she can't tight no more. Don Mr. Sho ma goos aboard und says ho vhas boss, und dot vhas one more victory. I doan' fight dat vhay. If I vims licked dot settles It, und 1 holler oudt dot I gif oop. If dor oddor muii vhas do blgg. -t I dnau' fight at all. Dot Commodore Perry vhas a queer man. Ho like to fight so vhell dot he shtnys oop all nlgliL Ho goos down by Put-iii-Bay und picks a fuss. He doau' haf to. but dot vhas his vhay. If 1 vhas going to haf a fight 1 should put oudt my arms und shpeaks "Hoy, boys, knock dor stulllug out of dor middle of last week, or I cut your wages down ouo-half." Dot Perry goes aboudt Uko a lamb, mid ho shmilos a luudlo shmllu. und al! he says vhus: "Boys, I like you to whoop 'er oar, for mo." Und doao boys vhas whoop, und Out eagle vhas lot Ioosj, und dm' boll ol Lioeriy rings out dot wo vhas on top di r whole crowd. -Detroit lfvu Press. . . TrTE"MAKING OF PINS. " ProcrM Kmotoyrri In th Miinufiietnr or tho IncllMi'tnHtlo Little Thine. The manufacture of n pin wns a te dious process when entirely mndo by hand; no less than twolvo or fourteen processes had it to pass through bo fore it was completed. Tho wondorful machinery now in uso has much sim plified matters. First of all the wire, must be prepared. It is plnced in a coll on a revolving block, and drawn through holes pierced in a steel plato, until it is of the size required for the particular pin to be made. It is then taken to tho pin-making room, where we find rows of machines moved by ; steam power, and producing a constant i stream of pins nt the rate of 180 to 220 per minute, which are removed from tho receptacles into which thoy fall by the workman and his attendants, who look after the proper working of tho machines. If we stand in front of a machine wo see a coil of brass wire on a revolving drum. The end of the wire passes through a hole, and then between iron pegs, which straighten tho wire nnd keep it in its place as it is drawn into the machine. In tho machine wo seo a pair of sliding pincers take hold of the wire, carry it forward a shortdistanco, and put the end through a hole in a small Iron plato. Watch carefully, and wo see a pretty little hammer strike tho end as soon as it nppenrs on tlui other side of the iron plate. By suc cessive blows of this hammer the hoad is made. This done, down falls a sharp I blade and cuts the wire into the length 1 required for tho pin (tho mnchlno can bo adjusted to cut the plus of any length desired.) This process of draw ing in, heading, and cutting otT goes on continually, and tho pins are thus curried on to the pointing part of tho machine. Tho pointless pin now falls into a slanting groove, just wide enough for it, but too narrow to lot tho head through. Thus we see a row of pins hanging by their heads nearly th whole length of tho machine. Beneath is a revolving cylindrical file. Tho sur face of the cylinder represents a sorica of graduated files, on which as thoy aro worked backwards and forwnrda tho pins aro pointed. They fall into a receptacle below, but us yet thoy aro yellow the color of brass wire; thoy aro also greasy. They tiro now put intu barrels, which tiro turned round nnd round, nnd by this menus thoroughly scoured and cieanod, nnd are ready to bo "silvered." Thoy aro now put into kettles heated by steam, and spread about as evenly us possible A powder of fine tin is then spread over them, and a cortalu portion of ncid addod. In this thoy aro boiled for about two hours. When takon out thoy aro found to bo covered with a thin coating ol tin, which gives them tho bright and silvery appearance which all pins pos sess. The pins aro then dried by being thrown into sawdust, and polished by being put into barrels revolved by ma chinery. Thence thoy aro placed in a llattray.aud tho workman, byapcoullar .tossing motion, which requires muoh skill, soparates all tho dust from tho pins, which aro now clean, bright nnd ready for uso. Thero is a very ingon lous mnchlno used for "sticking" tho pins which aro to be sent to tho market on papors. Tho paper is placed on n pleco of curved tnotal, and c rim pod and placed in position to rocolvo tha pins, which aro passed out of a rocop taclo at the top of tho mnchlno by a girl, who with a brush dexterously swoops them into grooves placed in an Inclined piano leading down to tho paper. Thus arranged, thoy puss down tho machine in long linos, and by n lovor tho papor Is brought under the points of a row of plus, and by a beau tiful bit of maehlnory thoy tiro prossod through tho crimped edgos of the papor. Thus row by row tho whole sheet is filled. London Queen. THOROUGH PREPARATION. Tho (lolilmi Key of lluslnrss Nuccuin In tb lliinil of Youth. It is tho commonest thing in the world to hoar mon lamout the laok ol opportunitos in early life, or tho lack of appreciation of opportunltioi when thoy woro to bo had. No one gets to mlddlo lifo amid the prcssuro of competition in tho pro fessions and in business to-day without seoing cloarly that very much of a man's success dopouds on tho thorough ness of his preparation. It is tho fittest who survivo, and tho fittest in these days are men who havo trained thorn selves to most olToctlvo work. Tho thorough-bred lawyer loaves behind him In tho rneo his most brilliant compoor who has not tho same complete preparation and the snino thorough-going habits ol work. Tho morchant who gradually emerges from tho ranks of tho com paratively successful, and takes his place among tho omlnontly successful, is tho man who has given himself the most thorough business training. Tho thoroughly equlppod book-koopor la never long out of it situation. The men and women who tire soonest dis charged whon tlmos aro unprosperous, and who aro longest In go .tlng rein stated, are the men and women whodo tholr work fnlrly, but not omlnontly, well. Tho man or woman who glvoa his or her work tho stamp of superior ity need never fear for tho future. Such a person is always Vcrtaln to find plnco and remuneration. It ought to be instilled Into tho mind of every boy who goes to any kind of business, that ho is thoro to master every detail ol it, to know it from beginning to end, so completely that when It comes Into his hands ho can reconstruct it on bottor linos. Thorough preparation, next ta thorough integrity of character, Is the golden key of success In the bund ol youth. Olirlutluu Union.