TIMES HAVE OIIAflGCD BOYS OP THE OF THE PAST AND SPOVTS OLDEN TIME. Ilio "rnifo-otlotial Nines" nfTodity -I.nnn Tcinil' YaoliU for Money M'kcr T'i Kollil Wuys ot Ivromu Year. How Changed Arc Our Idens. Thnt thero nro boys of the olden tlmesomo wbci'e in tiiU country 1 tkire wy, and 1 dnro wy there irof-nn.'o localilic where sport of tuo oldon ilmo lira i;i ogtte, but it U cviilutii to the o.'niuil olyscrwr thnt at tlio boys, hv which I iiiuo.il lads, havo changed in looks, in strength, in habit', In lusti-s. so have the sporls of tlio count:- materially and signlll enntly uiurctt during tho post twenty-five yenrr. No iwwlwll then? Orlauiiy, b.Twhnll. Every boy played bnje bnlL Vo used to go out in thu field in tho country, rr Ut ii vacant lot in tho city, or to the playground back of tho solfi-ol, rot our l't'i:s ami jih.y our game, and a mighty good tlino wo hud of it. lint who plays Lwcball today? Tho boys? Oh, no. The professional nln. Hon who ore puid to .ililhlt their power J, men whom io fiv KonvMituM as innny n 10,000 or l.OCO people niiil)le In a vast n-en with prepare i r-unta inn! nsorvcd chairs, nod nil ilio par tpbctusiln of a flrit clans race course. Lit tli 'xtvc still play huoball in tho stroct, tolio-)! boys p,Iny it on llc.:r grounds, but baas ball !ia beaoinc n national game, nnil rolunin r.ftcrochimti tell tlm stoly of this nine, that nliir, these c;lnntH. tltono Indians, until the render who linn no Interest in this sort of th'n,; thrown down 1:1 paper 1:1 disgust, ami von kv.i it titer win fver such h mania ns lb.-: t'l.U fccms' lo have taken possession of tho uli.'i: country. LAW Teif:a rActtrr.. "hn dil you first hour of l:wn iotinid Tr. c"oli"irs to h Wire i-ent pi?cu thnt you d't hr .f it when yo-t were n ly. Per hejw vo'j iKii t l.niw w'.mt, It is n iv : tint fur til il'ni ti.eio a.v thousali Is of :it'-:i and Mosi'Ci. !'. an I girls, nb.t'.rdle drtvtil, f,rol-.quo); i'iiki.' i'oiied, ditvoviug their ov-' i i'.e.l i n'ltrflllft'i to throwing b;i!l iuvo r.ilhor t'm t..(jt n "id having &'l:h ni'-o tJincs nil O'er t c c n "try. I...vo .u idea horr many yarhN Ihcre c i in t"! country, ransliiR from twenty t .u "j tic ciIKwr of n (.t fill's ocean Vntnii t I n n Informed that there mv no ic. ihoi Ct.oiiO. That repii'ienti nu iinnien rityo luv.Mnicno and vast outlay nnil Indi cate a heiuthy lv(i of (iea life, which must of itei'Ltislty hiix-j i'i circct upon tint growth nud itrinRth .f llnne who iudi.lc" ii ynclitiny. Old tl'i.c. boy had cnlboiitii, ynwN, sail loat; no'v. sous of mlllioualrLH huvo yachti which but u fi yent ago would havo been roiiMdered imperial, and their father belt tho rIoIks in ileamers on whoso deck.s n regi ment might easily nmncuvnr. Tho moineiit n tnan'ti lieud loom.s nbovo tho oidiunry lovel he utirulirtsc u yacht. What fori Generally llO'r, tarely pleasure. And this I particularly truo nnd particu larly Mit'iilllcnut in riishec of Wall atreot, Btnto street, imd o her monoy center"!. When brol;oi-s make money at all thoy ninho it f't.st. "Fast come, t'nt po,'' i n well O'cugniz.sl rule, and broker nhev brol:er has within tho (inst ten yearn fbuuted nU private ljii:il from tho must of his prlvuto yacht. Then ho falls, Homebody elto tr.kc. tlm ync'it mid n. dilTurcut cignnl Haunts t.ut it ilauuts ill tlif Kiinii. TUB OI.I) AND KOUI) WA.. I have n bonk In my work library called ''Great Portuuii," printed oear.y tneiity ycansnso, which tells of tho siims' t 'I'0 r.ieix'hiuits, capltullstn, inveutoi.s, 11 torn ry men. who havo attained phouoineunl ooil fortune Ainoiu others I find tho name of Stephen CJIrntxl, John J. Astor, A. T. Btowart, Ainoa .ljtwreuco. .Toinm Chickoriut;, (icorgo lVa lody, Charlts Goodjear. Hlinu Howe, Jr., Hlchai'd llowt., Sauiii'd Colt, James Ilu,.,pr, .laities (ioiNlou Dennett nnd Uobert Ihniuer. It -will Intei est any roador to study Urn liven of these, r.u'n. Not ono of thmn -prans into sliipend 'tis Iriumph, not one of iliom nlo hla fruit with out llrst tilllu;; his i mnad, not on.) of them How his kite until ln iniido it. Thoy worn all rich men, suit .tnttt men, anil their success, their triuuipli', nided ilio upbuilding of com mtitiitlcM, tin ndviineeiiu nt of ience, Ilio il veliipiiicntof Kient. .ii-ond ideas, the uplifting of liinuauity nud t le dovelopmenl of nit. They were nil of souio service in' their day, nud not ono of thoui over failed for G'M,COO, OOD. Their money wns In tolid, substantial, got ntablo vih, Their property wai built upon tho rook of honor nud integrity, Is everythhiR chanced! When tho blood Stirling Int nnd tho hluh flying ball wei-o trnusformeil into a wand for makniK monoy and a ("bleu sphow for which to llRht; when t-allboatu wero trnnsforiueii iutOknlftktMHslliiKxtiviniers; hen our hoy. iKciinie iludes, nnd tint smokiux bean wn chnusod into a elcaretto, did uwiy tiling changol Did tho isxla of morals in Wall slreelf DM tho hablUt and customs born und tested by tho oxK)i'ioueo of n century in trade cbauo ulsot Wo think nothing now of reading in tho paper that by deft manipulation Mr. Gould inadnnu addition to his tromendovu pilo of f.l.CKO.WX) at u kiulo stroke; It causes no sur prise, makes very littl talk, when wo read that Cyrus W. Field dropped In a slush) transaction $7,0t)0,(XKi. Hio llippaury with which wo spoak of inouumnnt.il rums of money shows bow completely changed nr our Ideas from the tlino when $1V),000 i-ecnHsl an adtsuato competency. Joo How. mil in lloston Globe. Tlio rutiiro of ISiiriiinli. There can hi no reasonablo doubt that there is n pi-osjioNhis futui- swnltins that rich nnd b autliul country. Tlm tnarvelou chaiiRU that has conic over Maintain;, even in tho few mouths since annexation, Indicates what may be lookod for over tho wholo laud. 1Vju, with n Mirfaco of nbout -'7,000 sipinre miles, Imd In JH.VJ, or II vo yearn nftor its an nexation, ii population of only about TWl.tXXt; in 1SSI IhU had Increased to 3:'M,0ilO, Aliout lOO.UKi nen mv roclnlmrd every year from tho jaiiRlo nud brought under cultivation, mid this province I now tli Rnsttest rice producing country In the cast, nnd th iiichI jT0grcilve .nd pmvpi-rous oriloii of the ludiaii empire. Upper ihuineh and the niltoiilliinto ttntes. with nn nivr. of nearly 200,UX) Hpturo tuilw-that is, u ni.nlry as laii;o as Franco have n isopulntlon esthnntisl nt only iMHl,M0. Upju r llunuali Is not, like Ijwer Uuruinli, i great rlco OoWj but thero nro lnrge tracts nudor rice cultlvntlen, and I hero U lianll.vnpHxiuetr.r n ti opl.l or ever n UiiiHriilo cliumte for nl.ieh scue pntt of tho country or other inay not Iw t.Oubl. Imdoit Times. The ISiMjlUh cavalr? !iMvrn"rben srmnl villi levtMVtfl. although It Ueowshsl that hjbui' luii no -iiui'r uuliut.s icyoUer. QUICK LINGUISTS IN ru-A Remnrhntdo rrocreM of h i t'.r of Hon.; Koii; f Cointo II Iii every iJhineio liottco or pl. of bui' iioj, o f.n In tlo Mniupan that n en l tlie ship. Is the .'hi no, or nltar, before which Joss clicks en I timed; hero co-e teblets nd hirunaud j-i.tit' and curlousiy o nl orna Jiionla. Tho Chinese havo a divei-sily f re lisloiis, ns no i'm. Lot somehow or oilier t'eey all Kouin a'li-o. I ho Reiieral term for if in Heron nni'llil; Is'Uti riireon" l. o.. Gor business. Tlie 7erA 'Jo.'' like mnny others, is from tho rntucuese, the llrsl. Miiroiieans Jint cnnie to China, and Is a corruption "f Dec (God or lli'itj), I believe. J'igeon or pijun is r.s near it the Chinese .itn set to "buslnos.'1 And this romicnl ilfiibn-t is ono of tho slraugo tiling to tin; newcoini'r. Miss JJinl very in-ntly culls it baby talk. It is a very singular corruption of Kuglli-li. t!ie calls it iiltniiifiinhlc, but I like it. The icop!e all fall futo It casilv, and the grave iner- olinnlh, ChlnuiO nud English, Ucrnniu or Ainei-icr.i'. nil cirry on tln-ll I utJnoss n though thero were no other in tho world. I like it bec.nn It nuiusis me, trakes tno Jni;;,-h; and nnyljing tc.it '.nnkes ns :tt foiiow ns niVo I jwign H ool. Jf tho m.ill as just In, nud 1 wisltl my l-tters, I should f:iy 'o my rnmjian insif "bam. my xintioti'S' jw. g towidc, fast Il'-echnng hoinu-, i.n.l tnikeo ho my won my letter chop-chop1'- ''Sara, I wish 3 on t? no up to Messis. Unbelt tz Co. s slid nsl; tliuti. to kouiI me my lutloro. quick." It Ii nstnti'si '.uf, hotr readily the Cliiiu-so uti- dcTsUind e-Tythhig you wish. Koiolitn letter. 3Iiiiiiliii.tuio nf C)iainjnig;i'. "Chninpigno i- n cury cure for the head- anltn. Tliat tnn.v not bo your oxihtIiuco, bat it is true t.''Vir:heless." i!innrl:id a promi nent Califonilr.gtape grower and wine dealer, as he tiilM-d of th dillVivnt processes for niiiuu fuel in ieg wines. "When a follow goes out tc n supper, and gets up next morning with n big hi nd, 3011 can rent n-sured that ho didn't driul. pun ehumpaglin. 'It Is not all gohl that glillei s.' neither is it nil chnmpagno (tlial sparkles. I will put puro chain, nguo against nil the medicines of tho in it! as a remedy for neiirnigia. "How do tlmy make champagne? Well, you must remember that a c'd deal of what labeled chnui tigno isidoctorrd with car olle acid gn-. iJut the renl stuff is made by a-inixtuff; of ten or a dozen different wines i mode front certain vurietiesof foreign grapes. Tho wines urn fl.nt niado separate, each from a separate grape, then thoy nro blended to gether for I a.-- to and bouquet In certain pro-ixn-llons, well understood by wiiicmnkcrs. Tho blendnl wines lire then bottled nnd cork isl, and undergo u procefssof fcrineiitation for two years. The Uillles nro then opi.cd, tho sediment, blown olf, the wine is rcholtlcd nn I swcetcncl wiih a rock candy sirup in propor tion ns it is wanted for dry or extra dry. It is then corked up nnil allowed to sland for six months, when it Is tendy for use. "No, they don't make bottles in this country strong enough to hold chnmpngne. Tho picssuro In tlm first fcvmcutntioii is from ninety to 100 pounds on tho square inch of glass, so you may know ic tnkos a strong quality of plass to hold tho liquid. Th cork used in a, chauipngno bottle is brought from Spain." SI. I'aul Globo. first Great Itnllroiid Arcldnnt. The llrst great accident on tin v railroad oc curred Dec. 'J I, 1811. on tlio Great Western railway in Kuglniid. That day n train carry ing tlilrty-oight passengei-s was moving through a Milel: fog at a high rate of speed. A mnss of earth hud slipped down from tho slopo nbovo nud covensl ono of tho rails to the depth of two or three feet. Tho englno plunged into this nud was immediately thrown from the track, and instantly tho whole rear of tho train was piled up on tho top of thu llrst carriage, which contained all tho passenger, eight of whom wero killed and seventeen wounded. Tho Coroner's jury returned u verdict of "Accidental death in all the oases, ami a deodantl of 1,0 JO on tho en gine, tender and carriages." This feature of "ileodand'' belongs lo tho oltl common law, which declared tlint when ever any personal chnttel was tho occa-lou of death it should bo forfeited to tho king, lint only that part which immediately give tho wounds but all tilings which uiovo with it nro forfeited. Down to 1H17, when parlia ment abolished tho practice, coroner's juries in Kngluml nl ways assessed ndcodaud ncinst tho locomotive involved in nu accident, which, of oours.e, tho conipany'had to pay as a line. Chicago Tribune. Tlio Swelling of tlm Orstnr. Oysters, It seems, iniiy bo swollen very con siderably by allowing them to lio nvi.ilo in water. Hy this means, l'lofessor Atwater tells us, "tho body of tho oyster ncqi'ires nieh a plumpness and rotundity, and its htd- and weight nro so increased, us to materially in crenso its selliii'.' value." Now, tho tniplo oystennan, ns well as iho unsophiaticnt id cuntoi'r, has supposed that thU Kwolhnu f.r "fattening" of the oysier rej icsents mi netunl gain nf llcsh and Int. Hut tho professor rudely dispels this theory by tho crushing explanation that tho iuereaso of volume U Jut what would bo cxieetod from tho onioso of dialysk Subjected to this ter rifying prows fivo quarts of oysters grow to hix, but the oAtra quart is water and not fat ness, anil tho dealer "olTers his customeis no mow nutritive material indeed, a trifle less in the six quarts than ho would have dona in tho live quarts It he had not floated them." tavern of plump and juicy saddle rocks p.nd other "(.elects" will plenso heed this discovery of the wise man, nud net accordingly. Now York Commercial Advertiser. r.if1' Concerning Suicide. Of the totn! suicides in n year, over SO per cent, nci i.r lui lug tho hot months of Juno, July nud August, The melancholy days of autumn, the saddest of tho year, nro ulrangely not condemned to self dcktruction, yet ono would think so. I figure it out that men drink more in the summer, nnd consequently they don't sleep well. You w ill not tea that most suicides occur in tho early morning. Tho testimony always shows that the act has lieen preceded by a deopless night, with con sequent brooding over real or Imaginary trouble. Irishmen rarely commit suicldo. Thnt is because they nro brought up In nine cases out of ten ns Catholics, nud hnva the fear of tho future beforo them. Americans commit tiitcldo to nvoitl disgrace, or while broken up nervously ut tho end of a debauch. There is no case on record in this olllco of a negro committing suicide, nor have I ever hoard or read of ono any wheie, Coroner in Glolio-Democrat. liming it Sunrr Hole. A man in lown has jicnt fourteen year in solving the problem of ltorlug n square hole, nnd ho has uicoocded. A company is orgnn ited to put hl Invention on tho market. It It limply nn oscillating bend with chisel edgv and projetlng bps, which cut out the corners In iiilvniuti of the rhlsel. The hntunco of tho machine is nn almost exact counterpart of tho old styled boring machine. It will cut a two by four morUwa in from four to live n.lnutei, and doing it with perfect noouraey, thnt a ot.r js'iiter oniiiiot .ihly couiplcW lu t& t'ttu liAlf mi hour. THE STAFF OF LIFE. HOW BREAD IS MADE IN VARIOUS PARTS OF THE WORLD. riinmns Stuvens Tells of Ilread lie IIh Eaten In Various Countries During Ills Kninous lllejrln Tour In Asiatic Coun tries. The fact is there are no two countries in tho world where tho people make and eat tho snmo kind of hread. This seems a rather broad assertion to make, but is nevertheless a tnio one. Even in such closely kindred coun tries as England and America thero exists n decided difference of opinion in regard to tho consumption of this staple article of food. The American custom of eating biscuits hot ns they can 1k handled from the oven Is re garded by John Dull, E-q., with even n greater measure of disfavor than that of swallowing big tumblers of ico wider nt our meals. Mr. Hull, lie of the ccllnrftil of fine old crusted port, tho daily round of roast beef, carrots, mince pie and Gorgouzohi cheese, thinks the thinness, tho nervousness and the dysjepsla of his Cousin Jonathan comes largely from theso twin evils of hot bread anil Ico cold water. In France tho ordinnry loaf assumes the proportions of n roll the slzo of a man's fore arm, and four feet long, in any French vil lage, nbout meal Hint's, grown people and chihl ren may be seen walking sedately along tho streets with a four foot stick of bread thrust under each arm. A careless youngster sometimes forgets himself to tho extent of letting the hindmost cud of tho stick trail along the ground. Not until one gets down to the principali ties of tho Balkan peninsula does nnv really noteworthy innovation occur. Here ono finds tho medium between Asiatic and Euro pean methods of making broad. Tho me dium, however, is fur from being a happy ono; no moro execrable bread is to l.o found tho whole world round thnn Is served up to a traveler at the waysido mehnuns of Bulgaria. Ik-sides being villainously heavy and well nlgh black, it is coat-so and repulsive almost as wet saw dust to tho palate; sand, more over, enters very largely Into its composition from carelessness in handling and milling the wheat. This style of bread confronts the disgusted European traveler for tho first SCO miles be yond the Hosphorus, nntll ono gets pretty well out of tho Greek and Bulgarian S' ttlements in western Apatolin, where another decided change is experienced. Hero wo como sud denly into the realm of tho slmon pure un leavened variety of Asia. Bread U now called rkmek, and takes the form of flat calces or sheets about two feet in diameter nnd tho thickness of ordinary blotting paper. Tho liocessnrs for tho preparation of this ekmek nro course wheat Hour, water, mixing trough, rolling pin, a largo thin griddle and a slow burning substance called tezek for. a fire. Taking these simplo ingredients outsido the houso early in tho morning, the Turkish or Armeninn femalo kindles the fire, mixes tho dough, rolls it out, bakes it and stacks enoun of it up to servo her household for tho day. When fresh and warm this nreatl is tough and cloggy; a few days late? it loses something of its clogginess, but retains its toughness, and as it advances in ago it becomes brittlo nnd hnrd. It is as indestructible, healthful nud useful nn nrtlclo of food as tho hard tack i-sued to tho ancient uiurincr and.tho old man of tho sea. In Asia Minor, ns in all other countries, however, tho luxurious requirements of city bred people demand some kind of improve ment on tho ways nnd methods of country bumpkins, camel drivers nnd goat herds. Therefore, in gratification of their epicurean tastes, the ingenious oriental baker has con ceived nud prepared little hoops or l ings of bread nbout thesiza of tho rope quoits aboard nu Atlantic steamer. Theso novel prepara tions nro made of finer ami whiter flour than tho ekmok. and nro rentlored light ami aristo cratic by the addition of sour dough or other leavening substance This sort of brood prevails throughout the cities of Asia Minor, and tho use of ekmek extends eastward among tho peasantry of western Persia as far ns Tabreez. Hero tho staff of life undergoes another transforma tion, nud in mnny respects a cliango for tho better. Thonuiioof tho Persian city bnzais is really very excellent bread, most E iro penns giving it prefcreneo over overy other kind they nro acquainted with. Nuno is turned out for proper consumption nnil ap proval in tho forms of fiat cakes a foot broad and thrco to four feet long. The baker takes a lump of dough of tho proper slzo and rolls it dexterously into the proper sbaponud thick ness nu his bare forearm. Ho then flips a light shower of water over its surface, and w ith a masterly toss spreads it over u bed of boated pebbles. Contact with the almost redhot pebbles quickly converts it into n enko of nicely browned indentations and spongy risings, tlint render it nlmost ns light as It leavened with yeast. Tho easantry of eastern Persln und Knornssnu innko a coarso imitation of this pnino form of bread, which is also very palatable and wholesoino when eaten fresh. The cakes are smaller and thicker than thoso of tho city baker; nnd their baking appara tus is altogether dilTcreut. Tho oven is a huge, upright carthenwaie jar. This is heated to tho proper consistency by inserting live coals and coveting up tho top. The dough lieing patted out into n enko by tho hands, tho woman Fprinkles it with wnter, dabs it against the inside wall of the jar and then quickly replaces tho cover; in n few minutes tho rake is nicely baked. In Af ghanistan tho people adopt the Persian methods of bread muking, without possessing tho same skill or exercising iho same cn round troublo in its preparation. Thomas Steycns. I.lfo Suvlng Apparatus of Itelndeei- Hair. A Norwegian engineer, Herr W. C. Moller, of Drnmmcn, Norway, having hml his atten tion drawn to the extreme buoyancy of rein deer hnir, has meceeded in constructing various articles of this material for life sav ing at sen, with which somo interesting ex ieriment wero recently made. Tho first life saving object tried vns one which can bo mod on board ship as u chair, bedstead or couch, but which in caso of need may lie con verted into n small lont. This apparatus was found rapnblo of supjoi ting llnvo full grown men in the wnter, although only in tended to U-ar tvyo. Another object tried was n suit made entirely of reindeer hnir, nud covering tho entire liody except tho face, and in which a man floated on tho wnter without having to mnku tho slightest move ment. It was found erfeotly impossible to dive in tho dross. The third object tried was a doormat made of reindeer hnir, and this supjiorted n man cosily, although ho was drvssed in full outdoor clothing. On com imring life belts made of reindeer hair with similar ones of cork, It was found that tho former wero niueli lighter than tho latter, n very inimrtiut ndvautage to nn e.tlwiis.rtl drowning person when ho has to put it on lu tho water. Herr Moller's assertion that rein dovrliair is capable of supporting weight Um timiH its own was fully ut out by tlMo oxpormiMitK It should Ik jf.uila.1 out that jju'kits, lielts, etc, made of reindeer hair nro soft and pliable, and that thoy impart 8 good deal of wmiutk. Loudon Iron, "ON THE ROAD." Experiences of 3Ien Who Are J'oreed to Trvel livery Iy. Then there is another large group who are "on the road" nearly every day. These are tho men whose business, trades or calling nro in town and whose dwelling houses or fnniily places of nlHxle for tho tlino being nre out of town, nt the shore or in the country. On this class oliservations may lo made. Some of them make a dreary nnd tiresome Job of their daily journey to and fro, especially If the ride tikes an hour or two. They bury themselves in silence, or they make futile ef forts to rend profitless and trashy "light liter ature," or they resort to the smoking nr. or thoy play cards' all the way : or they nt once set to work to try to.go to sleep, and nil "to kill time," nnd so make n wearisome labor or feverish fret of tho trip. And, in fact, It is a monotonous, dull nnd very tedious btisl ness with them ns they work it n profitless expenditure of time, most'of them getting very tired of it before tlie summer is over. There U a "remnant,1 however, who go "on the rond" to better purpose, who ilnu't get tired and who don't try to "kill tinio" in nny of tho ways already mentioned. One of this group we havo in mind nt this moment. Dur ing sovcrnl mouths of tho your It liapjs.'iis thnt he is obliged to bo on the road twice every day, his workshop and his dwelling place being In those mouths two hours' travel npnrt. He makes the trip to the city early ia the morning und back in tho evening, and while he is by no moans a youth he never suf fers ennui on thi. train, never s.'oi.ir to be tired and, in fnet, never is tired on tho rond. When asked how that comes about his an swer is: "Tired? No. Tlm most a'oohiti' rest l get, exeej t when 1 am in bod asleep, !s duri'ig the two horn's of the railroad ridohomo in the afternoon nnd evening. When I settle down In tho car chair i throw off ovcrvthlng that has nn rri-iiit of thought, in it I !.!; nt the fields and t''eos, tho com nd the clover, the pencil orchaids und tho potato p'jt"l:e, thi berry fields and tho vineyards, the gRi'deen, '.he barnyards and tho cnttl ;.r.stu ;.. the snug farm homos nnd tho eo.ycU.Hgo 'lomci along the village roads, the vti dower: ami the wild birds, tlie pretty r-nwy stations, their parterres, and th viri d am curious groups of people of all dcseripti.ns congregated nt tho stations. I havo i 'pas.,. ing nctp: tlutanee' with everything on tinit road, intimate and innnimnte, nnd every day I see tin-in under some fresh aspect, ftotue now Intel est is always coming to uoilce. The restfulue s of it nil h so irtcc- nud a volute that you must try it beforo you can under stand it" Whin asked about tho "time" tnkcu up in the two daily trips ho snid: "Yes. of course, thero's a great expense of time. I could not nfTord to spend four hours out of the working day thnt way, so I divide them, devoting tlio two hours to the shore after tho day's won. is over to erfect rest, and putting tho two hours coming up in tho morning to work, nnd I can do three hours' work easily in those two when fresh i'. the morning. It is won derftil to find how letters .nnd papers and memoranda about business alTuIrs that were puzzles and difficulties to know what to do wiih during tho busy hours of the dny before clear themselves up and almost dispose of themselves when tho mind is fresh and free and active in tho early morning on the road." Chicago Times. How Tliey 1'arm tn Clilll. Fin niing lit Chill is conducted on the old feudal system. Tho country is divided into great estates, owned by people w ho live in tho cities and seldom visit their haciendas, ns they nio culled. Tho tenants aro pei niancnt, and havo retainers in tho form of littlo cot tages mid gardens, for which they pay no rent. If tho landlord requires their services thev are always subject to his call, nnd nre paid by the day or month for whntevcr Inbor they iieiTorui, generally in orders upon the supply store or commissary of tho i.itnte, where thev can obtnin food, clothing nnd other articles, nnd rum especial! v rum. They aro given iinnll credits nt theso stoics, nnd as the law prohibits a tenant from leaving a landlord to whom lio is in debt, tho former is never permitted to settle his account. Tho peons never get nhead. They live and dio on ho saino estates and in tlio samocatuns w hero their fathers nnd grandfathers lived and died, mil know nothing of the world or tho condi tions of men around them. Although they aro badly treated in most cases, they are al ways loyal to their innsters and tako their peonage ns n mutter of course Tho war with Peru hnd a demoralizing ef fect upon the agricultural populnt ion, from which the army of Chili was recruited, and it will require many years to recover from it. When thev returned from tho war it was found almost itnpossiblo to get tho men back to tho estaneins. They wero enamored of mil itary life, and hnd got n tasto of city dissipa tion, and u huge proportion of tho army, when it was mustered out, becanio thieves, beggars and highwaymen. Thero is notenough labor in tho country to work tho farms, nnd tho lack litis not only caused higher wages to be paid, but has done much to break up tho old system. Itn ' igrntion is encouraged, labor saving machinery is being introduced from tho United Stntes, nnd new conditions aro promised. But tho estnneieros who adopt la bor saving mnchinery hnvo to get somo im migrant to operate it, as tlio native can sel dom bo induced to do so, nnil when ho does, usually smashes the implement at the first trial. Harper s Magnzlno. nierclKo During Hot Wentlicr. A wheelman remarked recently that ho did not believo tho people who abstained alto gether from nctivo exertion got along ns well during the intense bent as thoso who kept up their regular habits of exercise. "My leisure," said he, "conies in nlmost tho hottest part of the day, but I tako a spin of eight iniles or so nlmost everv dnv nnd get no a glorious perspiration. When one is dressed for it. a fow degrees of ndditiounl heat don't mako much difference, and on n wheel one nearly always gets n breeze. After a bath in water just from tho hydrant, a rub down nnd the assumption of dry clothing, I como down stairs feeling hko one of tlio neighbors, 50 per cent. U-tter than if I had boon sitting in the shade fanning myself nil of that time. It seems to mo my plan is bett;r than that cf the fehows who choosotho cool of the evening for their exercises, and then, without n change of clothing, sit upon n piazza until they get chilled. Moreover, the plungo Into cold water is as much fun as tho spin. It is never too hot to tako mc s dally exercise, in this climate, nt nny rate." Buffalo Courier. The Mcht Clerk' Itrsponsllilllty. Manager Shepherd, of Minnenjwlis, is Rioted as saying; "One of the most responsible positions in a hotel is fiat of night dork, and yet that is where beginners servo their apprenticeship. For nl least eight hours tho night clerk has exclusive control of tint hotel. Ho has no one to turn to in case of an emergency. It any thing hapiHMis ho must rely solely upon hi. own jutlpjneut, for lie 1ms no tune to call upon any csio. Tlio most serious tiling that oui Immii, of ootirse, is fire. The safety of nil the nitrous lu tlte'houo is dondtiiit upon tho caoliMM und judgment nf tlw night ckrk. A level liwnlud man who d(ftut ou hU wiu U invaluable us a night cletk," ( A TYPEWRITER'S WOES. COMPELLED TO STAND A BATTERY OF PITILESS QUESTIONS. Experience of n Working Girl ITIillo Hunting for i Hoarding Place Merci less Qulrzlnc "So ltoom" for ft Well Dressed Vounir I.ndy. "I shou'd like to give you an idea of how wo girls aro treated wherever we go to look for boarding places in this city," said a young typewriter to a reporter tho other day. "You men can obtain bonrd wherever you please, nnd so long ns you pay your board bills nnd behave yourselves thero aro no questions nskeil; but with a girl It is difTor ent. When I came to New York I wns fresh from New England, unknown nnd without, friends hero to givo mo help or hints. Con sequently I had to hunt up n board. ng place for myself. After considerable looking around I found a quiet nppenring house where the sign stated that n hall room was vacant and that boarders were wanted. "In answer to my ring a kindly looking matron inquired my business. When I told her that I was looking for a boarding placo n vislblo change came over her face. '' 'Who aro you?' was her somewhat abrupt question. Then she scanned mo ns if I wero a suspected thief, for whose capture a reward had been odeied, nnd without giving mo time to nnswor this pertinent question, she con tinued: "'Aro you married!' " 'No, 1 am not,' I snid ns pleasantly ns my mortification would allow. '"What do you expect to do for n livingT was her next query. " 'I am n tyiiewriter.' " 'A typewriter' This was said with a sneer that might menu volumes. " 'Hnvo you a brother in the city or any male friend who will call on you?' " 'No, my family nil live in Connecticut.' " 'Do you keep company with nny young man!' Really, I was leginning tolosonll pa tience, but I managed to say, calmly: 'I do not, but what has thnt to do with thecfues Hon of my hiring a room nnd paying for it in advance?' IlEFEnBNCES CHAnACTEn RKLF RESPECT. "'Havo you got any references?' "I don't sco why I submitted lo so much quizzing. Thnt woman could bent n reporter asking questions. 'No,' 1 replied, 'lint if you wnnt them, I suppose I could get them from homo in two or three days.' "'Well, I guess wo haven't nny room now, nnd, besides, I'd rather have gentlemen,' was tho worthy matron's decision, ns sho opened the front door only to shut it quickly behind me. I think I went to full- a dozen place?, only to be treated in the samo way. At last I went to tho Young Woman's Christian as sociation, where I should havo gono first. I never was more thankful in my life than when, after I hnd been nt work for a year nnd desired to chnngo in)' place, ono of tho girls in our olllco invited me to shnro her room until I was able to find another place. This inn' all sound very funny to you, but it wns nof a funny experience for mo; nnd my experience is by no nienns unusual. A man can get rooms nnd board whero ho chooses, without references and without questions, but when a girl tries to get board for herself, if she is well dressed her character is doubted, nnd there is 'no room' for her; people wonder whero she gets her money. If she is poorly dressed sho is naturally not wanted, becnuso sho will lower tlio reputation of tin) house. Sho must, in self defense, marry or at least become engaged if sho has no male rolntivo under whose protection sho is. It does seem ns if something might be done for lite poor girls who como to the city in this way. Thero ought to lie somebody willing to tnko them nud care for them respectablv nud economically, and do this without sacrificing the self respect of tho girl. New York Tribune. The Klertitor Man's Memory. "It is not hard to mcmnrizo thosituntion of the different offices." snid a man who runs tin elevator in the Field building. "The difficult thing is to recollect when the different peoplo get down to work-in tho morning. When n person fails to find n man in his olllco the first thing ho does is to nsk mo nt what time he usually arrives. If I mako n mis'ako or can't nnswer at nil I am complained of to tho boss, so to hold my job I must not only lo a walking directory but an oraclo ns well. This building is mndo up entirely of small ofllcoj, nnd many of tho tenants employ no help. On this account I nm obliged to know exactly when each man is in the linbit of get ting down in tho morning. If n iiitin always comes nt the samo time each day it would bo n simple matter, but in calculating I havo to mako nllowaiK'o for n queer fetituio in human nnturo which you havo probably never heard of before. "The average man finds it harder to keep good resolutions than to mnko them. When ho sits at homo on Sundny and thinks over tho past week he feels that ho could havo done much better thnn ho did do if ho had got down to tho oflVo much earlier than ho did. IIo remembered that it wns nlmost time for luncheon when ho had finished discussing his morning paper, so lio resolves to turn ovcrn now leaf for tho coining week. Tho result is that he gets down hero on Monday morning before we hnvo tho steam up. Tho noxtday ho is half nn hour late, nnd on Wetlnesdny he is nn hour behind. When it is tinio to turn out on Thursday morning ho feels discouraged at being unablo to live up to his resolution, so ho turns over nnd takes another imp. Py Saturday ho has returned to bis lazy habits. Thus it goes on year in nnd year out When I'm asked when n man will Ixj down in tho morniyg I don't look nt the clock but nt tho calendar." Now York Evening Sun. Gladstone' Vitality nnd Versatility. Perhaps it is in privatolifo that Mr. Glad stone's vitality nnd versatility aro most ro markable. It is a great sight to wntch him nt dinner with n fow friends. IIo never talks for tho sake of talking, but listens attentively to every one else, nnd is engcr to draw out from ids company nil they can tell him. Hut they feel tho iufltienco of a master mind in tho smallest details, Mr. Gladstone asks n dozen searching questions in a few moments, and presents tho subject in nn entirely now light by some exjiosiiion that the listeners never dreamt of. IIo is full ot reminiscences, nnd seems to imagine that everybody's mem ory ought to be ns tenacious ns his own, Ono night when ho was pi inio minister ho sat on tho treasury liench with only ono col league beside him. Ho was apparently asleep, nud the other mnn thought he might indulge in a dozu. But presently a Tory speaker ventured upon somo historical statement Mr. Gladstone was on the alert nt once. Turning to his companion, ho snid: "That is entirely wrong. This fellow is mixing up hii facts and his dntes. Don't you roniemlierl" Then he proceeded to explain some oliscuru pango of ioitioal history of which his un fortunate colleague w-ns obliged to confers en tiro ignorance. Mr. Gladstono looked nt him for n moment in pitying wonder and ns soon ns lie duie-l the hapless mnn slunk nwny. Mooting a f'ii-ud, ho sai l: "I'm going homo; I can't stand tlint fltwiili oh I man any more. Why. m actually civss examined mo about something that hamiewed boore I wat iKirul" London Cor. Philadelphia Timed. STUDENT LIFE IN PARIS. Some of tho Manners nnd Customs of tlm I.atln Quarter, nere is tho receipt for n Paris student: A high hat which costs about 2 and is shabby in proportion. A bonrd, but not liko tbo boards we have at home. It must bo cut very short nt the sides, generally with n ma chine, and pointed nt tho chin. Tho hair is dono in ono of three wnys, but rarely with any part. 1, cut very short and brushed straight forward a la dynnmiter; 2, brushed up on end n hi porcupino; 3, allowed to grow very long nnd thrown" back a la Beethoven. Theso long Imb ed fellows nro simply disgust ing. They assumo tho hnlo of nn intellect which they Jiavo not got You can generally tell a student, too, by tho black leather cose which he invariably carries for paper, books, etc For writing thoy nil havo little square inkstands which possess most mnrvclous pow ers of upsetting, and an ordinary pen. A stylograph, price twelve or fifteen francs, would bo considered nn indication of fabulous wealth. The most striking characteristic, however, of a genuino Paris student, particu larly ono of the medical persuasion, is his free and easy manners. Ho frequently finds, toward 2 or 3 o'clock in tho morning, that bis brain will not work nny longer unlcsi bo goes out in tho street nnd howls vigorously, to the immense edification of the neighboring sleepers. Then you will often observo hiin singing down tho Boulevard Saint Michel in tho o yeniiig, with a femalo compan ion on either arm, and indulging in what might bo called, by a Might disregard of tho truth, a species of singing. Again you may seo tho young gentleman of studious propensities on top of n billiard tablo in ono of the brasseries, rrith ft cuo in ono hand nnd a plato of -what thoy coll choucrouto In tho other, haranguing a crowd of miscellaneous friend upon some important question of the moment. Yes, on tho wholo you nro apt to recogulzo tho student by tho delightful sans gene which ho displays when ever ho appears in public. You think to yourself: "Well, these joking, drinking, jovial, fooling young Frenchmen can't amount to much at their books. Thoy aro not serious enough, they waste too much tlino nt cafes and brasseries, thoy keep too late hours, etc" Wult a moment, my friend. Paris students nro not to bo fudged toohnstily. Go into the lecture rooms und tho laboratories. Watch theso samo hiirum ssarum follows nt tho dissecting tablo, or in tho grcnt libraries. Talk to them. Find out who thoy nre, etc, nnd tho first thing you know you will dis cover that these ''young fools," ns you thought them tho other night when you watched them gambling in tho Cafe do la Sourco at 1 o'clock in tho morning, know enough about medicine, or chemistry, or something else, to mako your head swim. You seo they play very hard when they piny, and iicrhnps it's tho snmo when they work. They laugh at the English students here ns being "always serious," for tho excellent rea son thnt they have not enough esprit to bo anything else. Paris Cor. Now York Ban. Toot Loose nt Coney Island. Again, Coney Island offers superior ad vantages for tho study of tho pseudo charac ter which for somo inscrutablo reason it pleases "Coney's" visitoi-s to assumo thero. Peoplo havo no sooner settled nt tho Oriental or tho Manhattan, to confino our attention to thoso hostelries. thnn they exhibit characters which ninnzo and amuse. You say to your self: "Theso people are all right in New York, courteous, amiable, f elf reliant, with n decent rcservo nbout their own affairs and n kindly consideration for tho feelings of others. At homo they nro tho prosperous, best behaved people in tho world. But Coney Island is on tho threshhold of Now York, and why should thoy appear different hero?" What aro thoy in tho habit of doing? Nothing very dread ful, but many things which are ridiculous. They stare nnil romnrk upon passers by; they criticiso manners and dress in tho loudest tones; they eat and drink in public in a wny thnt would mako n Frenchman wince; they danco in tho hotel ofllco, flirt on nn inch of green grass removed by another inch from tho public promenndo; thoy sing nnd whistlo, nnd, in a word, tho peoplo who nro pillars of propriety at Nnrragnnsett Pier und Bnr Hnrbor, as well as in New York, bohnvo at Coney Island ns if it wero tho deck of a Cunti'rder with tho flag of ship bokemianism floating uloft Tho result is to divido tho aristocrntio sec tion of Coney Island into two part. Tho quiot, solicitudo loving sojourners uncon sciouslv order their nlTnirs so that, day by day, they aio in the habit ot seeing less and less of their fellow boarders; they frequent tho wild sand dunes, tho unimproved corner ot tho island, or cross tho marshes nnd tako to tho inland roads. It must bo rcmeniberod of Coney Island Hint it has como up from a dis reputable resort to bo reputable nnd almost "swell." Indeed, it is "swell" in patches, and although tho old, bail atmosphere U still faintly perceptihlo nbout it, demoralizing thoughtless peoplo a little, yet is tho Island far forward on tho way to respectability. Last summer two of our artists, Smillio and Chase, painted on tho beach, and sinco paint ers havo recognized it much time will not elapso beforo poots sing it New York Oor. Chicago Times. Tlio Smart Young Man. A tramp was sleeping sweetly on thostring pleco of tho French lino docl on Sunday nf ternoon. A cloud of flies swarmed nbovo him. Thrco nicely dressed young men ob served tho scene, and ono determined to end it. Ho secured a bucket with n ropo atttoched from a neighboring tug. IIo filled it with water from tho river nud dashod its contents into tho tramp's face. Tho startled sleeper awoke, threw up his arms, nnd rollod into tho river. Tho crowd rushed to tho stringpiece, whilo the young man was a picture of despair. When tho tramp camo to tho burfaco ho called lustily for help. Tho women on tbo shore looked nt tho well dressed young mnn and cried, "Shnniol'' Down went tho untor tunato ngnln with a mournful appeal to those on shore. Tho young man who caused all tho mischief waited no longer. IIo jumped into tho river. Both ho nnd tho tramp appeared at tho samo time nbout six yards npnrt The young man swam for tho tramp, but, strango to say, tho tramp struck out, too. With littlo effort ho reached tho tug from which tbo bucket was secured and easily gained its deck. Thenco ho climbed to tbo dock. Tho young man followed him, und thedrippingpairwvsr tho center of a laughing throng. Tho tramp, turning to tho young man, said with n dis dainful nir: "Say, young feller, yo think ye r smart, don't yer; but who got tho wust o that game?" Tho young man and his two companions re treated amid the jeers of the crowd, whllo tho tramp selected n sunnv spot mid Kit dawn to dry Ins clothes. New York Sun. Yankee Ingenuity. Miss Do Fashion Horrors) It's Sunday and my writing paper is all gono. Littlo Brother That new kind! "Yos." "PJl mako you some. Jnno got n bar of toap yosterdny, nud tho paier around it Is Just l.ke what you had, rough and sort o' brown." "Nonsame, My paper bail red eyes." "Yos, 1 know. I'll got Jano to cut It tho right stea and dip tho edges in raspberry jam." Omaha World.