Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Oregon scout. (Union, Union County, Or.) 188?-1918 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 4, 1886)
AUSTRALIA'S RABBIT PEST.
Sinn 7 Vnlunblo IXntcs
A I trios:
Consul Gonoral Morgan, of Austra
lia, has writton tho secretary of stato i
curious dispatch, describing tlio rav
ages of tlio rabbits upon tliat continent
Iho wholo country is so overrun will
ilicm, lio says, that unless soniothingii
soon done to exterminate the pests tin
-result will ho disastrous to tlio agricult
wral inlorcsts. Rabbits were lirst in
troduced into tho country in 18G0 by i
largo landed proprietor for tlio purpost
of sport, but they liavo multiplied with
audi astounding rapidity as to literallj
overrun tlio whole continent, where thf
4opogra)hv is favorable to them. "II
ia doubtfuf," says Mr. Morgan, "wheth
er many porsons are awaro of tlio itn-mouso-loss
that has been Mistninod Ik
tho colonv from this curious cause. Ai
much as fclOO.000 has been expended tc
clear one estate of the pests, and maiij
other proprietors have expended from
$75,000 downward without much re
sult. In addition to tlio expense in
curred by private owners, the govern
ment anil authorities have done much.
Thero has been n great depreciation in
tho valuo of land from this cause, and
tno estate of twenty thousand acres in
Victoria, which was formerly tho lies!
asturo in the colony, is now valueless,
l a recent discussto'u in the parliament
it was shown that twelve million acroj
Lad been rendered almost useless by
theso littio invaders. Estates upon
which were Riniling harvest Holds and
fruitful orchards a few years ago hav
fallen into ruin and are deserted by all
living creatures except tiio rabbits. In
tlio gras and salt brush, where in 187J
wore 790,000 slieop, thero are now not
more than 100,000. In tho year 1870
tlio product on of wool in tlio Malleu
country wius 5,000 bales, valued at $500.
OOa In lb81 this hud fallen to J0J
balos, valued at $90,000. Many of tlm
ranges aro ontiroly abandonod. Dur
ing tho last throe years tho government
Jias spent 8150,000 in Victoria alono to
rid tho country of tho littio boasts,
poisoned oats and wheat boing usod
and a bountv paid upon skins of li
ponco per dozon. Last year tlio mini
ixir destroyed by privato persons, on
which a bounty was paid, was 3,881,000.
Tho sum voted by pari aniont this year
for tho purpose is 8o70,000. It may bo
aasortod that ono pair of rabbits will in
orcaco in 2J years to 2.000,000, but al
lowing that thoy only increase to one
Jourtli that numborit may oasily bo seen
Jiow necessary it Is to destroy them.
Titoro aro now about five hundred miles
of rabbit-proof wiro fence erected in
tho colony of Victoria at a cost of 400
a mile. The estimated damage during
tho last ton years amounts to over 15,
flOO.000." Boston Herald.
Tho Lovo of Pet Names.
It gives mo groat ploasuro to prodict
that poworful newspapers of tho conn
Iry will novor bo ablo to break up this
delightful habit of calling young girls
ly their baby names. It is a tribute to
tliolr youth, beauty, anil general sweot
ncw that evorybody is willing to pay
except sour editors and cross-grained
ovniiw. When a young girl is called
''Elizabeth" by her friends and the pub
lic wu know there is hoiuething frig d
about her; it is a prophecy of old
maidenhood, but whun she is called
Mosaic" we know just how fresh and
awout and ailVotionato she is, with Iter
dainty, girlish ways. Ah, no! Let
tho darling croaturos oling to their pet
names, ll Will then lie time enough
when thoy have holtlod down to t lib
real experiences of life to lay llie.io
names on the shelf or give them to
their own little ones. Alter awhile
their happy youth and the charms
thereof will ho but a laded memory.
Tho dflioulty attending the transpor
tation of wealth from this mundane
phoro to that bourne from which so
very fow travelers return that their
HcarcouoBS has passed into a proverb,
causes wealthy men to make wills be
fore tlio v nhulllu oil' tho mortal coil.
Wo may remark, ineldentallv, that
vrhilu a man is obliged to tlio before his
will amounts to anything, tho wilt of a
woman Is always in lull force.
Almost uvorv man who dies leaves
something. Even a poor man can
leave his son an orphan.
If a rich i.-.an wants his memory to
last, ho should make a very careful and
elaborate will. Monuments crumble,
ilecay and are forgotten, but the light
in tho oourU for the properly will keep
his memory green tor a long tune.
Tlio Height of Courtesy.
A wayfarer was passing along the
fit root whon ho drew near some lahor
ws who wore engaged in building tho
wall of a houo. As ho passed by. a
brick fell, striking him on tlio shoulder.
Looking up to tho men, who were
about three stories high, ho shouted in
"Hi, up ttiorol You just dropped a
"All right," responded a bricklayer,
who was somewhat of a wag; you need
not take tho trouble to bring It up."
"It's very hard on tho poor man
forced to work in heat or cold, storm
"I don't think so,"
"You don't? Look at tho luxuries
tlio rich man enjoys; there's tho full
fcrato In winter, loo when It's warm "
"Well, tlio poor man has his too, as
well m anybody olo."
"Certainly; only tho rich man has
hi lu mi miner, and tho poor man gets
Ills In winter." Chicago ledger.
Ilenrr Ororgo Mjra tlio tlnio will como when
no mail rr (11 Ik) hIIohM to own land which lie
aix uai uw. from mat ll III lo only a itop
to tlio Unio uhrn no man will he ullowrtl to
aim anything which art) body che nU
Some Rtorlrs of Fitmcd Streets nnil
Their Kxplolt Tlio I'nltlirul .Mure
Unit Snvcd Ilor Mnte Tho Old
Standby Tlint Would Drill.
In lC03an Englishman namod Mauk3
hiuj a horse which he trained to follow
whorovcr ho led, over fences, ditciics,
upstairs, and to tlio very roof of houses.
Ono day they wont to tho very top of
St. Paul's church, an Inimonsely high
edifice. They did various other things
that were almost as astonishing. Whoa
all England was talking about theso
fnats Mr. Manic concluded to iucrcaso
his reputation, as well as that of his
horse, by a trip to Uome. Thither ho
went, and tlio obedient horse followed
his fond master to such great heights
Hint tlio story of li is performances
readied tho cars of tlio pope, and what
do you think lie did?
"Wanted to see tlio horso perform."
Well, almost anybody would think so;
but tin's pope took quite a diliereut
view of it. Ho d dn't buliove that a
horse could go to such dizzy heights
unless evil spirits helped him. So ho
just made an end of tho wholo matter
by ordering Mr. Manks and his horso
burned its enchanters.
A lishing party once drove to Like
Miuuotonka. Oiio of the gentlemen,
tho owner of a team, look his horsos
nnd tied thorn apart to feed. He en
tered a small cabin near bv, thinking lie
would rest and .sleep until tlio return of
tho lishing party. Ho had hardly com
posed himself for a nap when one of
tlio horses that ho had tied with a
strong rope galloped up to the door and
neighed. Thinking it strange that site
should bo loose, ho hastened alter tho
horse, that had run excitedly away as
soon as her master made preparation to
follow. To his surpriso ho found that
tho mate had fallen into the lake, nnd,
boing entangled with tlio rope, it was
with the greatest difficulty that she
could keep her hoad above water.
While ho assisted Hie unfortunate horse
out of tlio trouble tho sagacious and af
fectionate mate showed by her joy that
fiho understood that tho "master would
know just what to do. Sho fully ap
preciated what, his iiolp was worth when
alio managed to break tiu strong ropo
so that she could bring that help to her
Horsos, liko hoys, aro croatures of
habit. A good while ago, when tlio
country wits now, the New England
families rodo to church on horseback,
Boniotiino two or throo with tho help of
a pillion on tho same horse. Thero
was ono faithful creature tltat was for
years accustomed to this Sunday jour
ney. After a time his services were no
longor needed and he was left in tlio
pasture Long habit was strong upon
old Dobbin, so ho quietly pulled down
tho bars nnd walked demurely to
church, took his accustomed place un
der a spreading tree until tho services
wero over, and then went back to his
pasture. This ho repeated Sunday aft
One dark night at a lato hour a trav
eler askod for lodging at a country
tavern. After talking with tho guost
for a few niomonts the landlord sud
denly turned pale as ho askod: "I'ray,
sir, which way ilid you come?" The gen
tleman answered that he had come from
a certain direction the south. "Impos
sible!" exclaimed the landlord, "for to
day all tho planks of that bridge were
removed for repairs." "It may be so,"
exclaimed the man, "but 1 have como
from such a town since noon." There
was no other possible way for the trav
eler to have come, and in the darkin'ns
of the night lie had trusted to the in
telligent au inal lie rode to keep the
way. Wliilo Hie master was wholly
unconscious of the perilous feat, the
horse had actually walked the striug
pioco of a long bridge and kept his foot
ing. Tho limber was scarcely a foot
wide. Had it been in tlio daWimo no
sane man would have dared to attempt
such a ride.
Napoleon had a horso of which lie
said: "1 had a horse that distinguish!
me from tlio rest of the world, and
which manifested by ids bounding and
haughty gait when 1 win upon his
back that he carried a man superior to
those around him." Napoleon's beau
tiful gray Arabian horso Marengo was
worthy to have borne a belter man.
An old horso that had for many years
been ridden by a coiumamliT whoa he
became disabled for such use was sold
to a farmer. Several years after, when
he had been reduced from old age and
hard work to a meager Kosinante, ho
was in the service ot backwoods sur
veyors' assistants. It so happened
that not far from the land under in
flection a large number of volunteer
Holdlors wero drilling. When the old
horso heard tlio tifo and drum the mar
tial spirit took possession of him.
Away ho went, over fences and ditches.
The jerks and pulls from his ruler were
of no avail, lu front of the regiment
he took his place and capered and
danced as well as his old legs would
let hhi). Tlio civilian oquostrian upon
his back could not induce him to leave
the ground as long as tho troops re
niainod there. lo the great uuitiie
moil t of tho volunteers and tlio no
small annoyance of his rliier, he in
sisted upon marching into the town in
His chosen place.
One of the old writers tolls of a horso
that was oonsoious of his triumphs
lieu he was in tlio Ulympian gaum
he would moudlv direct his steps to
tho tribunal of judges for his crown.
This tame tiling is related of several of
the fast trotters of America. As soon
as the race is over thoy can not bo re
strained uutd they have stopped at tho
judges' stand and had tho hridlo deco
rated with tlio winner's badge.
As a general thing a horso Is gentle
or vicious according to the treatment
ho receives. Some years since a
Mnhoinian baron had a valuable sta
ble of horses, which had gained tho
unenviable reputation of producng
only vicious brutes. So ho changed
the management of his stables. He
discharged evcrv man alwut tho
promises and employed in thoir stead
jdeasnnt young girls', who pot'.ed and
played with the horses, that had ro
ce vod only harshnesH from thoir
former attendants. They were a
susceptible almost as children to the
kind treatment, and the elVeot upon tho
vioiotis animals was olmost marvelous.
Tho Romans wero verr fond of thoir
horses. TliN love of tlio noble animal
readied its ahsiird el. max m the caso
of the mad Caligula. Ho invited li s
favorite horse to sup with him and gave
him food from irolden vessels. i'liis
same horso was stabled in a palace,
fed from a marblo manager Willi gilded
oats, lio was mauo a nigh priest nnd
afterward raised to tlio consulship.
Vorus, nnothor lloman emperor,
erected a statue of gold to his favorito
horse. When ho died ho was buncd
with great pomp, all tho dignitaries of
tho empire attending. A magnifico nt
monument was eroctcd for him on
Copenhagen, tho charger that, tho
dtiKo ot v ellmjrton roue at Waterloo,
lived to bo 27 years old. He was
buried with military honors, which ho
richly deserved. Upon that mcmorablo
day when the battlo of Waterloo was
won Wolllngton rodo his famous war
horso soventoon and a half hours with
out mini ilkmntitif incr
Tlio skeleton of Marongo, tho horso
that Napoleon rodo at the samo battle,
is in one ot tho museums at London.
hen Columbus camo to America
thero wore no horsos on this continent.
Do Voca, a Spandiard, brought tho first
to tlio mainland at l-Ionda in lo'JT.
Cortez carried tlio lior&os into Mexico,
and l'izarro into I'oru. In tlio uncer
tain warfare that waa waged somo
of these horses wero abandoned
in tlio wilderness. From tho30 havo
sprung tho groat hords that sweep
over the wontorn prairies ot North
America and tiio pampas of South
America. Travelers toll us that herds
ton thousand strong aro seen feeding
on tho plains extending from La Plata
to ratagonia. Ihoy say it is grand to
see these untamed creatures, startled
suddenly, w.th mauo and tail orect go
living over the plain, uyrdii wrote as
though, somewhore in his wanderings
ho had seen such a herd:
The stecili rmli on lu plunsjlns pride;
llut where arc they tho ruins to (,'tiMol
A thousand horse and Mono to rule I
With How I iii; tall and flyitiu mane,
Whlu nostrils, never stretched by palu,
Mouths bloodies to the bit or rein,
Ami feet that Iron never hIioJ,
And flanks unscarrod by spur or roil.
A thousand horso, the wild, tho free I
Like wavoi that fo.low o'or tho aca.
It is irroat sport for tho half-wild
hunters, upon the outskirts of civiliza
tion, to catch and tamo those wild,
There is hardly a country now that
does not have wild horses. Thoy nro
found in diliereut parts of Africa, in
Australia, on tlio plains of Asia, and
there are oven some kinds that liro in
mountainous places. At tho north thoy
are small ami have shaggy coats, to
adapt tucm to tlio long, cold winter,
Upon tiio plains of Tartary very largo
herds aro found.
With a Kalmuck or Tartar courtship
uiv storios must end to-day.
Theso pooplo of northwestern Asia
almost live on tiorsouaoK, tlio women
ns well as linn. When ii voung man
finds a g rl that ho wants for a wife, ho
maUes known his wishes. J lio pair
mount upon Hoot horses, and then com
mcuces a race for a wife, tho girl being
rivou a 1 ttle start. If she does not
fancy tho wooer she manages to cludo
him. The young women aro such good
riders that there is vory soldom an un
willing bride. If alio wants to be caught
thon she plans the pace of the horse so
as to bo overtaken; but, if not, sho flics
with the speed of the wind, and lie
must indeed havo a tL'ot steed who
would win an unwilling maid to dwell
in liis tent. Cleveland Putin Denier.
One ShU of the Question.
"I sl'O. " said a man, addressing n
companion, "that a writ.-r in tlio
Seie itijle American says that laughtor
"How does ho explain his theory?"
"Well, 1 don't exactly know, but he
says that it starts into circulat.on littio
hidden particles of blood which would
otherwise remain dormant. Thon ho
goes on humorously to say that the
lime may como when physicians
will prescribe so many laughs to bo
tauon so many hours apart.
"1 daro sav, but how do you supposo
the physician could produce laughter
al a stated tune, it wouidn t do to
il'ivo him laughing gas for that produc
es anger more often that it does
"That's a fact. How would it do to
read extraots from political plat
"Might do vory well."
"Sav, 1 believe that laughing does
prolong life. I'll give you an in
stance. Some time ago, when 1 was
in San Antonio, I saw two men engage
in a quarrel. Ono of ilium, Mb Loek,
drew a pistol and told Mob Foster that
his tune was come. Instead of becom
ing excited, Foster said. Now wait a
niiuuot, Zib, or haw, haw. Don't you
--tor no, no rccouoci too unio wnen
we wont over to see old Miller s uaugli
tors? Well, sir haw, haw I thought
I would kill mvs.'lf laughing,' and
then he laughed uproarously. Zib,
overcome by astonishment at this un
timely mirth, lowered ins pistol, ami,
quicker Hian a bass slriUmg a troll,
1 os tor snatched the weapon and killed
Zih. So, you see, this is an argument
in favor of laughter, for.it saved ros
ter s life.'
"Yes. but it killed tho othor fellow,
for, don't vousoo, it enabled Foster to
"That's a fact. I expect, after all,
it is a little dangerous. It's tho way
witli those .scientific writers, though.
They never take up but ono side of a
question." A rka n s as Tra veler.
Who Wiu Nitpoleon?
l'ouisi- "Now, speaking of groat
men, what do ou think of Napoleon
Miss Poindoxtor (from Philadelphia)
"Pshaw! ho was nobody. Who was
Miss Munkorhill (from Moston) "I
don't think ho could have amounted to
much; ho had no middle name.''
Misi Gotham (from New York)
"How much was ho worth?"
Miss Porcine (from Chicago) "Did
ho make his nionoy boforo tlio fire or
Mis Montosp.ni (from St. Louis)
"Did he belong to one of our old
Frouob families?" Rambler. i
Tills powder never varies. A marvel ot
purity, streiiiith and wholesomeness. More
?i'unoniicnl Hum tho ordinary kindn, and
cannot 1)8 Fold in couipetiiion with Hie
multitude ot low test, short weight ulnin
or phosphate powders. Sold only in cans.
Koval, Makino 1'owdkh Co., 100 Wall St.,
CiNTEMAL HOTEL BAE.
E. MILLER, roprictor.
Having fitted up the Ccntcnninl Hotel
liur-rooni, und removed my stock of
Wines, Liquors & Cigars
to that place, I am belter prepared than
ever to entertain and regale my customers.
I keep nono but tho best of
Hnktcrn Liquor, 3111 wnulice, tValln
Wnlla, mid Union Iteer.
Also, the Finest Brands of Cigars.
Liyery and Feed
OlTOSlIE CK.NTn.NNUL, IIOIKI,.
JOHN S. ELIOTT,
Having fnniinhed this old and popular
hostelry with ample room, plenty of feed,
Kood hostlers and new buggies, is better
prepared than ever to arrommodate cus
tomers. My tcrniB are reasonable.
Apa.m Cr.oKs.MAN, PnoriunTort.
Hbb now on hnnd and for salo the best of
SHEEP SKINS, ETC.
Paid for Hides nnd Pelts.
Mest Havana Filled
5 Five Cent Cigar. I
Jones Mros., agents, Union.
E. GOLLIXSKY & CO.
A Positive Cure.
MEN. voung, midilli'-ngcd and old
Hinglo or married, anil all who suffer with
Nervous Debility, Spermatorrhea, Seminal
Louses, SeMinl Drray, 1'ailin- Memory,
Weak Eves, stunted dnvelopinent, lack of
Hiiernv. impoverished b'ood, pimples, im
pediments lo inaningc; ulno blood and skin
diseases, syphilis, eruptions, hair lulling
bono nains svelliin;s. sor throat, ulcers.
fects ol mercury, kiilnry nnd bladder
troubles, weaU Imik. inuring urine, incon
tinence, goiioriliiea, gU'Ct, stricture, receive
leui-clung tnatnieiil, prompt, relief and
:uro lor hie.
IIotii Ski;s rons'ilt confidentially. Jf in
trouble, call or write. Delays aro danger
. , lla
Call at once; 2 ."5 year-i experience. Terms
fash. Office hours h a. m. to s p. in.
DR. VAN MONCISCAR,
i:i2-Kll Third M. Portland, Oregon
BOILS, PIJIPLES, BLOTCHES
And Eruptions of the Skin. DvS'
pbpsia, Sick Headache, and all
lCTJfi Tinni Oltoww, Ilurriio, vrttnt
1 Htc mrd Hprlnc llloioni for Ilyipeptla, Intlleet
flon and SIcW llfuclii'lie, nd li found I! to act ad
mirably at a if rule Apt-Hem and IIIimnI 1'urlRrr. 1
poniiui'r it unrqiiai, u. ,uhmc, itverv bU ma
Lama a a reference."
Prjce, 50c; Trial Siio, 10c,
Sold byall Drugrgists
Skin Pliraira. In llirlr myriad forrai ar
war loathiumr tnorr partfcularly o when .V
Hi la ut IIoIIn IMlliplf-K ou
U.l!f' faeaf -&U oliru Dili rriii'dj little.
tcuidiDS to Jlici:in a i ur vSII rrmlnlr
follow It not hal I, inuiOir r-allfd a Klitrt
llir taki.ix of wh'th. .a u..j 'j-Haieri. !i
ou.'j i. , reint for Uriuklnr I'M la frre from
AIcoboIIc 8t'mulao', and la aa rlSc-aclouiU
lu retail le aa 'uUul at to an alalu
Salt Rheum and Scrofula
atmu cai'tin bt at, rmiUTir
CANCERS, TUMORS, ULChRS, ABSCESSES,
CAN 1IK EXTIUKI.T CU1IEI1 BT
MITCHELL $c LEWIS CO.,
Factory, Racine, Wis. Branch , Portland, Own.
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, PHAETONS
Buckboards, Road Carts, Spring; Vagons, Etc.
CANTON CLIPPER PLOWS, HARROWS. ETC.
GALE CHILLED PLOWS. AND IDEAL FEED MILLS.
SEND FOR CATALOGUE AND PRICE LIST. FREE.
Pianos & Organs
E. M. FURMAN, Agent.
HOWLAND & WILSON',
Main Street? Union, Oregon.
Keep constantly on hand a largo supply of Parlor and Red Room Sets, Red
ding, Desk?, Otlieo Furniture, etc.
Upholstering Done in the Best Style.
Lounges, Mattresses, and all Kinds of Furniture- niado to order. Your patron-
oceries, Tobaccos and Cigars.
Variety and Fancy Goods,
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry.
Musical Instruments, Picturo Frames, Bird Cages, Ilaby Carriages, Etc.
Candies, Nuts and Fruits, Schsol Books, Stationery, Periodicals, Novels,
Etc., of Every description.
Orders from all parts of tho country promptly attended to.
J'oixes 3Sxos., jotrfcis-fcs ,
All KMs of FliotoppMc Work Done in a Superior Manner,
New Soenery and Accessories Just Received.
All Work Warranted
FIEffS OF RESIDENCES
of and Dealers in
& LEWIS GO,, Limited.
192-191 Front St., Portland, Oregon.
to Give Satisfaction.
TAKEN ON APPLICATION