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About The Douglas independent. (Roseburg, Or.) 187?-1885 | View This Issue
1 M i til 1 1 M t $ i if i I "
FINEST JOB OFFICE
13 ISSUED 1
- BY. THE - i
Bellas County Publishing Company.
i 4.-. i I, I V . i i
t! n M
. IN DOUGLAS CCUNTY.
i 1 .
CARDS, BILL 5EADS, LEGAL BLANKS,
One Year -Six
And other rilntia Isiducliu
Largs ci Esa?y Festers ni Ei:2-il3f
ThfM we the terra of those paying In mdnwoe. The
Independent offers fine Inducements to sdrertiserg.
KOSEBUKG, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1884.
I'M v' f II
I . II-.- Ei f
h -h tin In
I I -.: -" : v si f J
i f - ; ti !
C .. J fcl H
: , : ; j l.
Neatly ftad esveUitiouslr eiecutcil
AT POETLAND PRICES.
WHAT THE DREDGE BRiNCS UP.
' PRACTICAL v
Watctoato, Jeweler aM Ojticiaa,
, ALL WOBK T7AEUA1ITED.
Dealer In Watched, Clocks, Jewelry,
Spectacles and Eyeglasses.
iss a fou usi or
"Cigass, Tobacco & Fancy Goods.
Tin oul reliable Optomer in town for the proper adjust-
, ment of Spectacles ; always on hand.
Depot of the Genuine Eraiili&n Pebble Spec
tacles and Eyeglasses.
Office First Door South of Postofflce,
- iiosebi'ug. oiieuox.
Boot and Ghoe Store
On Jackson Street, Opposite the Post flics,
Keep on hand the largest and best Maortment of
Eastern and San Francisco Boots and
Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers, V
. , And everything in the Boot and Bhoe line, and j
SELLS CHEAP FOR CASH.
Boots and Shoes Made to Order, and
Perfect Fit Guaranteed.
I use the Best of Leather and "Warran all
my work. -
Repairing Neatly Bone, on Short Notice.
I keep always on hand
TOYS AfJD NOTIONS.
Musical Instruments and Violin Strings
: D R J v IV! . W. ? DAVIS,
Office On Jackson Street, Up Stairs,
Over S. Marks & Qo.'s New Store.
Nearest the Sail road Depot, Oakland,'
J AH. 3fAiIOXEY, . . . Proprietor
The Finest Wines, Liquors and Cigars in
.Douglas (Jounty, and ;
THE BEST BILLIARD TABLE IN THE STATE,
KEPT IN PROPER REPAIR.
Fartlt trarellng on the railroad will find this place I
rry nana; to visit during tne stopping oi toe train i
the Oakland Depot. Gire me a call
Home Hade Furniture,
V I LEU It, OREGON.
DPEOLSTERY, SPRINS MATTRESSES, ETC,
Constantly on hand.
1 have the Best
STOCK OF FURNITURE
South ef Portland.
And all of my own manufacture.
Xo Two Prices to Customers.
Resident of Douglas County are requested to give me a
cau oeiore purcnawng euewnere.
ALL. WORK WARRANTED.
RICHARD THOMAS, Proprietor.
This Hotel has been established for a num
ber of years, and has become very pop-
ular with the traveling public.
FIRST-CLASS SLEEPING ACCOMMODATIONS
AND THI '
Table supplied with the Eeit the Market aferds
Hotel at the Depot of the Railroad.
H. C. STANTON,
Staple IDry Goods,
Keep oMtantiy on hand a general assortment f
.EXtTa r ine iirOCerieS.
WOOD, WILLOW AND GLASSWARE,
CROCKERY AN D CORDAGE,
A full itock of
Such a required by the Public County Schools.
All kluds or Stationery, Toys
re err both yoiko axd
Buys and Sells Legal Tenders, furnishes
- Checks on i'ortland, and procures
Drafts on San Francisco.
iLL KINDS OF THE BEST QDALIfl.fnithf'tSMit
Promptly attended to and goods shipped
' ; - .... t - : ;. ,
lIACtlEXY fc BEX,
"What H your favorite amusement"
asked a mend once of Charles kingslev.
"Sleep," was the short reply. . "This
answer," says a writer, ''absurd as it
, may at first socm to us, has in it a germ
of sound physiological truth, especially
it we sunsiiLiuc in? wora recreation tor
means re-creation trta creating anew.
The silver dug onto? the Comstock
mina in Nevada would load a wagon,
train 547 miles la length.
Love tbat doth count its gifts U a weak prop
Whereon to star a weary human heart.
'We are soul-bound.
What though through
- Drison bars
Wa hear the distant roaring of the sea.
Ana eaten tne golden fiory or tne star?,
a.na arcam, like ciouos ana ocean, we are
At beet we do, with-foolishest intents,
i But gild our chains and call them ornaments!
MAID AND MAN SERVANT.
The Growing Fashion of Brlnsins
: Attendant Daetc from Europe.
: Naw York Sun.
No less than seventeen names on the
published list of saloon passenger's of
the steamer Oregon, whica arri ved . a
few days ago, were followed by the
words "and maid," or "and man serv
ant." One or two of the 'Dassensrefs
were accompanied by couriers as well as
I other servants, and of two well-known
New l ork ladies, one was accompanied
by two maids and the name of . the other
was followed by the words "courier, man
servant, and maid. The relict of
the hard-workinz Philadelphia manu
facturer of shoe blacking, who went
home from his factory in an office-coat
three years ago and died of overwork
before nightfall, was accompanied on
her way over by "three servants." And
yet the writer was informed ' by the
agent of the steamship line of this city
that this was rather a poor steamer for
It appears that while very few out
going steamers carry personal attend
ants for the saloon passengers, the in
coming ones are invariably mcected
with them, and sometimes in very large
numbers. ;. An American can go to Eu
rope without any difficulty alone, but
after ho has acquired the ac
cent and the culture which travel
is supposed to stamp him with
he finds it " impossible to come back
again without a personal attendant.
Women manage their maids better in
public than men manage the men serv
ants or valets. An American usually
acts a3 though he were overcome by the
presence of his servant. When he first
goes to dinner on board the steamer the
man stands behind his chair, if he has
good sea legs and is in no danger from
seasickness, lie is in everybody s way.
is of no particular uso to his master,
and usually proves a bore to everybody
before toe voyage is over. On
this side, if he is a bright
stay in ISSe long,' as
and intelligent man. he doesn't
tunities for his advancement in a social
wav are practical! v unlimited. He is
constantly out of place, and has no reo-
ognizea position even among the serv
ants. There is, indeed, the same trouble
with ladies' maids. In England tho
woman who holds the post of personal
attendant to the lady of the house is
considered very much above the other
domestics in position, , and.; when she
comes over here and finds that she must
wash her own clothes, make her own
bed, and sit in the . kitchen " when her
mistress has nothing for her to do, she
relieves her mind, leaves her position,
and advertises for a place as a gov
.trench mams are considered more
valuable, though they usually demand
their evenings after 8 o'clock, appropri
ate the "old dresses" of their mistresses
while the garments are still new, and
are seldom long in attendance upon one
mistress. In a family of girjs, particu
larly it two or three of them are in so
ciety, one or more maids are considered
absolutely indispensable. 1 here is no
one of the servants who can be spared
from duty to assist the young ladies for
a drive or for an evening entertainment,
and so the maid takes her place as a
matter oi course. -
Why anybody ' who can speak the
language should-want a courier in Amer-
ica is lncomprenensiDie, tor there are
certainly no such difficulties to encounter
here as meet the tourist m Europe. It
is observed that Tery many women are
now accompanied by their maids when
they go shopping. It is an 'innovation
in America, too, for the maids to walk
behind their mistresses, but the spec
tacle of an overdressed woman strutting
about the big dry goods shops and fol
lowed by a respectful maid with her
arms full of' parcels is by no means
i Where Counterfeits Are Detected.
s American Queen.
in tne counting ana nanuung or pa-
per currency, tne treasury women nave
I al-mrkcf. ennaraoiul man . FKnv .'. rtTnf
better and faster, and in the detection
which circulate freely through every
bank m the country are readily de
tected the instant thev come into the
hands of the women operator in the
' I L T L 11 T 1
ireaury. it wiu va noiiceu oy any
body who ever gave any attention to the
subject that the warnings to look out
for counterfeits invariably come from
the treasury department. This means
that the counterfeit has circulated with
incpunity until it reaches the fingers of
tne women experts inthe treasury; then
it is instantly detected.
As an example: A counterfeit of the
last issue of $5 bills was known to be
floating about some time ago: the trea
sury sent out the alarm,but the officials.
judging, from experience, knew that it
would probably not be detected until one
reached the treasury m a package of
money from one of the bank& At last
it came in a bundle from a big New
msianny. . i ne note 7as iracea ana
i'ound to have passed through half the
banks in New ork without suspicion, to
be spotted at the first glance by this
young woman, who, it is said, has never
yet passed a counterfeit. Not one single
cent has ever been stolen by women since
their employment in the treasury. v hen
the work was done solely by men, dis
charges for small thefts were frequent.
A Locomotive for Tunnel.
Honigmann's locomotive is to be in
troduced -in the St, Gothard tunnel.
It can be charged from a stationary
boiler with steam and hot water sufficient
to make the twenty minutes' journey
through the tunuel without requiring
any fire. It, therefore. do:s not vitiate
ihe atmosphere with smoke. The ex
haust steam is taken up by an alkaline
solution in a special chamber.
Sidney '(Neb.) Letter in N. Y. Time.
Several old telegraph operators met
here recently, and in the course of a
long conversation told some of their ex-
Eeriences on the frontier. One of them
egan by recalling the great bullion rob
bery at this place. It was at noon.
and most of the depot and stage hands
had gone across the yards to dinner.
As the operator sat in the telegraph
office, alone two men presented them
selves at his door and demanded admit
tance. Both had revolvers. He jumped
up and let them in, and ; they quickly
bound and gagged him. Relieving that
he was safe, they disappeared, ana ne
saw no more of them. As soon as they
.were out of sight he managed to get to
his instrument, and by lying down on
the table found that with one of his
hands he could reach the key. It was
difficult ; work, but by degrees he im
proved his position until finally he
raided the Cheyenne office and commu
nicated the fact that a robbery was rin'
progress. The operator at that point
kept him posted as to trie proceedings
there, and m a few minutes he was grat
ified to hear the intelligence ticked over
the wire. that the superintendent and a
party of detectives were en
route tor biuney on a spec
ial train.' The distance was 103 miles,
but the run was made so rapidly that
the people of the town were hardly
aware of the robbery before the train
dashed in. The operator had by that
time been released, and it was found
that the thieves, who had been secreted
under the depot, had come up through
a hole in the floor made by removing a
board. The "bullion v weighed about 500
pounds, and, as it was thought that
they could not have carried it far, a
rigorous search was made near at hand.
Before night the greater part of the gold
was found in a hole under the depot,
and the remainder was discovered in an
adjoining coal-shed, where it had been
dropped. The thieves got away with
only about $13,000 in currency.
Another operator remarked that he
was the man who discovered the Oga-
lalla train robbery. Ho was in charge
of the little office at Kearny. He had
had a very stupid afternoon, and as the
day was miserable without, he dozed
more or less. He tried to read, but
after it became necessary to bght the
lamps he found this occupation distaste
ful, and as no one came m no leaned
forward, placing his arms on his table
and his head upon them.
"1 must i have slept soundly for a
while," ha said, "for I lost myself en
tirely for an hour or two, but pre- itly
1 had an indistinct impression that
some one was calling lor as
sistance. In my dream it
seemed to me that I could hear
the cry 'Help!' Help!' and that I was
powerless to render any assistance.
Finally I sat bolt upright with a nervous
feeling a3 if something temble MChap-
f ned which I ought to have preven ed.
rubbed my eyes and lool: .. around
sleepily. The depot was empty. It was
dark outside, and the ram was faiung.
I stepped to the door and looked out for
a minute, but heard nothing. The j.. I
went back to my desk, filled and lighted
my pipe, and began to read. My eyes
had just fallen on the page when my in
strument sounded once or twice very
feebly. . I looked at it closely. It
ticked again almost inaudibly. 'Some
things the matter,' thought 1. 1
got up, and leaned over the sounder
and listened. 1 could iust catch the
faintest click, as if a child might have
been playing with a - key somewhere.
While T listened, I began to comprehend
the nature of the message that was be
ing sent. I could not catch all the let
ters, but I got enough after listening to
it a dozen times, to make out this much!
Ogalalla, Ogalalla. Help, help.1 It
flashed upon me all at once. ' The over
land train was being robbed, or had
been robbed. I grabbo l the key, and
let everybody have it from Cheyenne to
Omaha. There was some lively tele
graphing there for a time. They sent en
gines out from two or three points, and
got to Ogalalla in time to scare
the robbers oil. lou see 1 was
a I good deal further oif than . a
dozen other ; operators, but ; some
how I was the first one that caught
on. The way it happened was this:
The robbers came into the depot at Oga
lalla about an hour before train time,
and bound and gagged the operator.
After they got . him fixed they sat
around and waited. "When the train
drew up they left him, and he imme
diately got hanself in a position where
he could use the key a little. The boys
who saw him say it was i a mystery how
he ever did it. His legs were tied twice,
and his arms were pinioned Dehind him,
so that it was almost impossible to move
even the finsers. The fact that I could
not catch two consecutive letters until
had heard the message ten or twelve
times shows how faint the s'roke was.
It was the queerest experience of my
A third man said he had seen a good
deal of service, on the borderland had
had a good many adventures, only one
oi wnicn ever impressea mm mucu.
Down at Granada, on the Santa Fe road,
when it was first opened, he had had a
circus all one night with a party of rob
bers. The country was . then a very
dangerous one, and the management
was in continual fear of desperadoes.
I was ra tho office in the evening,
he said, ''getting .... ready to ; close up
when four or five hard men came m.
They didn't say much at first, but
seemed to be looking the ground over.
We were always on the lookout for that
kind of chaps, and as tho machine was
ticking, I pretended that somebody was
asking me a question. I laughed a lit
tle, and, seizing the key, I broke m
with 'Everybody Don't stop, the ex
press at Granada to-night, whether
signalled or not. Robbers here.' They
eyed me sharply, but sa id nothing. The
sounder kept up a merry click, and
leaned back in the chair. They fooled
around for half an hour,- and then one
of them asked me what time the train
was due. 'Eleven five,' I said. 'Well
we want it one of them replied.
told him that I would signal it. About
10:20 1 got out the red lantern and
lighted it. Just as I got it fixed two
of them Jlumped up with revolvers in
their hands and said they would save
me tho trorble. Whila ono of them
covered rui with a pistol the others tied
me flat on my back to . a settee..
couldn't more head or foot. After they
got me there I began to think what sort
of a scrape I had got myself in. The
train would come presently,! and go fly
ing by, and then those i cut throats
would murder me just for the fun of it.
I had thought the thing all over when I
heard a sharp whistle and a roar. The
men ran out to the. platform! with masks
on andrevolfers in hand. )ne of them
had the lantern, which he swung vigor
ously. In going out on the platform
they had Ief 6 the door open! o that I
could see thisgs pretty well. I began to
hope that tho train would jstop, for I
knew it contained men enough to do up
that crowd if not taken too much by
surprise. The roar came nearer and
nearer, until at last I knew by the sound
that they were not going to stop. "With
the whistle blowing at full blast and the
dust flying in clouds; she swept by like a
streak ; of lightning, it was all up
with me, I. thought. . The robbers
dropped the lantern and began to swear,
Then I : could hea them talking,
and v pretty soon I made up my mind
that the train had stopped down the
road a way, and that they were watch
ing it. Before long ; they took fo their
heels, mounted their n horses land were
gone. When the train men came up to
the depot, ail armed with Winchesters,
I was the only occupant. They released
me, and I told them what had happened.
A couple of them staid there with, me,
ana the tram went on. if an express
ever came any nearer being robbed
without going through the I mill than
that one did, I'd like to knotf it."
The last speaker was one who had no
hair on his head, but who said in re
sponse to an inquiry that no i sealping-
knue had ver taken it off. "it was
just scared off," he exclaimed, "down
toward old Juiesburg. One day I was
at my desk when the man up at Hooper's
siding, ten or twelve miles away, tele
graphed down that he was surrounded
by redskins and that they wre whet
ting their .tomahawks on the .wires, I
thought it was a pretty good joke until
he telegraphed that the station was in
flames, and that a lot of Indians had
set out for my place. Then I began to
prick up my ears. There was hot many
of us there just then, and we wbre in no
condition to fight Indians anyway. We
tnrew up breastworks ana got every
body who had a gun, jar pis
tol, a club, or a knife jto faU
in. it was about sundown when we
got all ready for them. While we
were waiting nervously for the on-
laught one of the citizens, a "saloon-
eeper, came riding up in mad haste
and shouted that there were ?ust .'mill
ions of them coaling. 'You fellows are
all as good as massacred now,! he said
'There's onlv iust one thinsr to do. and
that is to telegraph up and down, the
- at cy -
me for lp. rut it strong, 1 now,' he
said to me. 'Beg, implore, exhort
them." Well, I could rattle a key pretty
welt m those days, and 4 everlastingly
beamed : for helr. I was i thorouzhlv
scared,. an threw any whole soul into
the work - After about ah hour of ag
ony Cheyenne broke in with, i'Oh, turn
vourself out. vou bie calf ! What's the
matter with you?" This cooled me off a
ittle, and I looked outside and saw the
people going and coming as usual. They
had put up a gorgeous joke on! me just
because l was a teiegraphio tenderfoot.
My hair fell out soon after that, and it
has never grown since.
A Fall-Grown man.'
New York Sun.)
Huxley gives the following table of
what a full-grown man should weigh.
and how this weight should be idivided:
Weight, 154 pounds. Made tip thus:
Muscles and their appurtonances, sixty
eight pounds: skeleton, twenty-four
pounds; skin, ten and one-half pounds;
fat, twenty-eight pounds; brain, three
pounds; thoracic viscera, three and one
half pounds; abdominal viscera, eleven
pounds: blood which would dram from
body, seven pounds.
Ihis man ought to consume per diem:
Lean beefsteak, 0,000 crams: bread.
6,000 grains; milk, 7,000 grains; pota
toes, 3,000 grains; butter, 600 grains,
and water, 22,200 grains. His heart
should beat seventyfive times a minute.
and he should breathe fifteen times a
minute. In-twenty-four hours he would
vitiate 1,750 cubic feet of pure air to the
extent of 1 per cent. A man, therefore.
of the weight mentioned ought to have
800 cubic feet of well ventilated space.
He would throw off by the skin
eighteen ounces of water, 800 grains of
soiia matter, ana 400 grams of carbonic
acid every twenty-four hours, ( and his
total loss during the twenty-four hours
would be six pounds of water, and a
little above two pounds of other matter,
He Got Trough the Crowd.
Foreign Letter. I
A good story of the Viennese carni
val is current in the Austrian capital.
At a ball given by the Viennese Choral
society, which is always sure to be so
thronged that it is the work of hours to
reach the entrance, a member of a well-
known financial house hit on! an origi
nal but successful mode o conveyance.
He arranged with four bearers to carry
him through the crowd on a hospital
stretcher. Of course the crowd made
way, and great was their astonishment
when he threw ;, off the covering and
jumped out alive and hearty.
Michela in Italy has constructed a ma
chine by which signs corresponding to
various i sounds can be telegraphed.
Thus we have practically a telegraphic
short-hand, to which the name "steno-
telegraphy ' "is. given. Michela's ap
paratus has now been in regular use for
some period in telegraphing the debates
of the Italian senate, ana it is claimed
that by this method 10,000 words can
be transmitted per hour.
The Future of Diplomacy.
- Chicago Herald. .
Lord Dufferin is of the opinion that
the diplomacy qf t he world .will soon be
in the hands of the Americans. Nearly
every member of the diplomatic corps
that gets to Washington, he says, tries
to bring home an American wife. The
wives, in most cases, become erabassa
dresscs. Result: No diplomatic secrets
anv more, war and peace at the will of
the wives, and all wives American.
Hurrah for America!
Evaporated peaches are said to be sup
planting the canned fruit They .ire
much cheaper. . ;
THE DRESSINQ OF SHOPWlNDOW3
Tl hteu Is KecognLzed by
t Baltimore Sun.
Anv one nassincr throuffh a nhonnin?
quarter cannot help noticing the taste
and profusion shown in the drcssinar
of the shop-windows. - Colors and fab
rics are grouped ko as to catch the eye
and arrest the attention, and the work
shows the hand of an artist. '
A reporter made some inquiries on the
subject of the window dresser of ; one of
our large retail stores.
1 cannot sav." he observed, "that I
have any rules that I adhere to in dress
ing the; store and windows. Of course,
J take care to put such colors together
as will harmonize well, but in doing so
1 rely on my taste, and combine such
goods as I think look well without any
rt of rules on the subject. Window
dressing is : an. art I never ' was taught,
but acquired from appreciation of color.
and the incentive tha' rich stuffs by
which I am constantly surrounded give
me to, display them to the best advan
tage. Tt is not my province here to
dress windows, but 1 do it because there
is no one else who can do it as well.
Window-dressing is an art that cannot
be taught. I have tried repeatedly to
teach it, but have always failed. I
have trained no less than a dozen young
men to this work, so as to relieve me of
it, but not one of them ever rose above
an assistant. If I leave them to them
selves and tell them to dress the
windows, they make a botch of it If I
dress a window, say with lace certains,
and my assistant sees me do it, he can do
it the same way afterward, but if given
a promiscuous lot of stuffs and told to
arrange them in the windows, he would
be completely at sea."
Are there not professional wmdow-
dressers?" was asked. '
Yes, there are lots of them in New
York and in some of our large western
cities, but I do not know of any in Bal
timore, i : These professional - window
dressers make a eood living at it. Some
pf them have a list of stores that they
dress two or three times a week, and re
ceive a regurar salary Ifrom each.
Others are engaged by one only, and
are kept simply for this ! purpose. A
clerk that can do this will be paid extra.
It is strange how few have taste in this
way. Out of 1,000 salesmen, perhaps
only one will display an aptitude for
this work. It is iust like dress drapery.
Out of 100 dressmakers . who can sew
neatly, and even trim well, very few
can drape artistically.
Of course, to make a handsome win
dow display, you must have the goods to
do it with. Kich goods and such as are
showy ; and attract attention are best.
For rich, brocades, evening silks, etc..
some rich ground must bo chosen that
will throw them out welL It js a habit
of mine to show goois as I want to sell
them thus, if there is a plain and plaid
or embroidated goods that go together
to make upa costume I will show them
that wav in the window. An abomina
ble habit with some window dressers is
to put stiff paper insido the folds of silks,
satins, etc., and set them up in rows in
the window, than which nothing can be
more ng'.y. The idea with me is to make
them look graceful. The way good-i fall
is the best - 2o pm3 should be used. It
spoils the goo3s and makes the effect
stiff. In all my experience of window
dressing I never spoiled but one piece of
goods, and that was a piece of pmk satin
brocade which faded from being placed
too close to the g'ass. Delicate tints.
such as pink and lavender, will
fade from the reflected; light, even
when there is no sun directly upon the
glass. No goods should ever really
touch the glass. In summer the heat
and in winter the dampness will affect
it. Windows are rarely dressed with
dressgoods during hot weather, table
linens , and napkins, hosiery and lace
curtains, taking their place, Excepting
during the dull season, windows are
dressed every other day. In Europe
they are changed every day.
"Much of the effect depends upon the
Window and light. Windows cannot
be dressed flat, but ' to look well must
be higher at the back than in front.
Frames or stools are the foundations on
which the display is made, f Sometimes
after a window is dressed it looks dull
and heavy from the street. Then a few
laces, handkerchiefs, fan3 and glove3
lighten it up wonderfully, iheres a
good deal of Satisfaction in arriving at a
beautiful and harmonious result and
one's success in this varies, just as I
suppose it is with any work that may be
called artistic. I think window-dn ssin?
is artistic work. It might bo classea
under the aal of art decoration."
Japan's Professional Siory-Teller.
Cor. San Francisro Chronicle.
1 have seen m Japan, on many a
warm summer evening, under a tree by
the roadside, a group of half -clad cool
ies and even better class people in a cir
cle round a man in the middle who was
relating the old legends of the race in
a homely, graphic, interesting style. He
had the "gift of the gab werry gallopm' "
always, this romancer.". He bad a good
voice and a great deal of expression
He brought in little bits of joke.3 and
light touches of frivolity to lighten the
serious interest of his tale. He grew
animated, he gesticulated, he acted
scenes so vividly that his auditors would
unconsciously rise and want to take
part, lie interjected every now and
again a bit of song, and when he had
wound his hearersup to a point he would
onw. I a J i VtavrA A . mn. '
deliberately take his smoke and then
proceed. .'Vv'vM ;;: .;;:-v::"
" mm'- 1 -
v nen it was an over tne crowd wonia
rain tempos and even bigger coins on to
i his little mat and go home' delighted.
There was always to me a strange charm
in the iuan, and l have often thought
that he was a more influential individual
and led a happier life than the Daimois
or the Samoural. What a fascinating
existence, wandering through the loveli
est country under the sun, among the
most simple, kindly people, spending
one s evenings telling stones to grateful
'. t-honld Take the Chances.
Detroit Free Frees.
w hen Darwin was asked if it were
not a more plausible theory to affirm
that apes were descended from man he
was silent. Great men should seldom
ftand in the center of the board to
teeter, but take one end and run the
The Hope Dancer's Strange Custom.
San Francisco Chronicle.
A strange custom prevails in the Him
alayan districts. It is a ceremony per
formed by the Badia, or rope dancers, to
bring prosperity to the villages to which
they belong! A rope is stretched from
tho summit of a cliff to the valley be
neath, the ends . being made fast to
stakes driven ;-into . the ground. The
Badi, seated astride on a wooden saddle,
well greased to make it run freely, rides
from the top to the bottom of the rope.
The pace, of course, varies according to
the degree of inclination given to the
rope, but as may be imagined, it is always
Very rapid and sometimes terrific. -
rrecantiona are taken to prevent acci-.
dents. The saddle is fastened, for in
stance, so that it cannot slip round the
rope (as saddles on norses have some
times been known to do, to the, discom
fort of their riders), and the Badra feet
are ballasted by eand-bags' to Tnaintain
his perpendicular, and the only danger
is from a possible breaking of the rope.
This is usually made of ; bhabar grass,
and naturally the Badi takes great care
to see that it is equal to the strain it has
to bear. The remuneration paid to the
Badi for this novel form of Blondinism
is 1 rupee (50 cents) for every cubits
of rope traversed, and the longest jour
ney of the kmd on record is one for
which 21 rupees were paid, and which
accordingly measured 2,100 cubitsabout
8,675 feet ;
The practice is not so dangerous
now-a-days as it was in the 4 'good old
times" of native rule,' when to the risk
of a fall was added the certainly that
Buch a mishap would entail death.
because it was the custom, whenever a
Badi fell, 'for the surrounding spectators
to promptly dispatch him wih swords.
Ihe rope or bast used for the ceremony
is supposed to be endowed with remark-:
able properties by the successful ac
complishment of the feat, and it is out
up and distributed among the people of
the village, who hang the pieces to the
eaves of their houses to serve as charms.
The Badi's hair is believed to have
similar properties, and is out off and"
preservec, and he himself is supported
by contributions of grain from the vil
lagers, in addition to the monetary re
ward for his feat, the theory being that
his share in propitiating the gods to se
cure fertility - to the land of others
makes his own land unlucky and any
6oed he might sow would be certain not
A Departed Industry. -
Two old sea captains were standing on
the wharf when a reporter came up. One
of them remarked: "J miss some familiar
facesthat I used to see on this wharf,"
and turning to the clerk in charge, he
inquired: "Where are the old Dutch
women who used to pick up coffee
grains h re?" . -
The otaer captain echoed the inquiry.
saving that he had always seen them
as thick as bees when he arrived in port
with a c go of coffee, : sugar or mo
lasses.", ; :;.;'"::' :s ij''- : "'.-
"Gentlemen," replied the clerk, with
a serio-comic countenance, that is one
of the departed industries of Baltimore.
It went with our sugar refineries, great
cooper shops and other things connected
with our lost foreign trade. Ten or
fifteen years ago, these coffee pickers
plied their trade regularly. They started
out in the morning and made a round
of the wharves. The coffee imported
by the merchants was then taken -to
private warehouses and on its arrival, it
was sampled by running a 'tryer into a
bag as you see that clerk over there
doing. As a matter of. eourae, some of
the grains fell to the ground. The
stevedores also dropped some grains "in
handling and sometimes a bag was torn
and more grains would fall out Again,
when the bags were thrown cnthe drays
more grains would be spilled and these
women, Ruth like, would glean
after the laborers. ; When the drays
reached the merchant's store, the women
would be on hand and gather what
grains would fall. Often a clerk would
sample the sacks to see that the coffee
graded all right. This gave them an
other chance. So you see they f ollowe d
me coaee irom 1110 snip s siue 10 me
"Now -you can well imagine that one
industrious and lively woman could
gather from five to ten pounds a day.
They had no expense; they brought their
meals with them, and ate when the men
stopped work for dinner. Some of them
got on the right side f of custom-house
men, who, as there was a duty on coffee
then, had to be around, and they often
got a good gleaning from an extra large
rip in a bag. Now, ten pounds of coffee
was worth at least $2 then, and, by count-
.... j. . . - t
ing mat up m a year, you wui see tnat
I was not wrong in the statement that
the business was a good one. .Besides,
coffee was not their only commodity.
rhey did very well in sugar, too, '
Chicago Tribune. -Tnvers
of the edelweiss, who Viav in
late years have noticed that it is no
longer so common as it was among the
mountains of Switezrland, will be glad
to hear that specimens of it have re
cently bee a met with on Mount
Tacoma or, : as it is otherwise
called Mount Kanier in Wash
ington territory, at a height of
6,000 feet above the level of the sea;
! and. near . at hand, flourishes another
Alpine fa von e, the vanilla-scenteq man
nertreu. A quarter of a century ago
edelweiss grew plentifully but a few
hundred, feet above Zermatt; now
owing to the thoughtless greed of the
Swiss peasantry, and the rapacity of
cockney tourists, it is omy to De , seen
I upon the higher and more inaccessible
summits of the Alps.
Want to Find Out.
Fan Francisco Chronicle.
Ready-made doors and window-frames
from Sweden and Norway can be de
livered and sold cheaper in Franco f haik
the raw material in that country, and
the Paris municipal council has voted
$800 to enable a delegation of Paris car
penters to go to Norway and Sweden
to ascertain now these northern people
manage the tiling.
Loudon's Sunny Days,
The sun shone only 074 hours out of a
possible 4,456 hours in London during
1883, which was an average of only two
Lours and forty minutes per day. Lon
don smoke is charged with the loss of
JJany Strange Things 1'onnd on llie
Bottom of New T rk Kay,
' New York Times.
Eometimes it is a different thing from
mud that the . dredge : brings up from
the bottom of the bay. Usually it is
mud, however mud and gravel, bits of
rock, and long strings of slime. It is
clean mud, however, and the dredger
thinks nothing of pi un gi ag feet fore
most into it in search of anything bright
that glitters . for a moment in the sun :
as the jaws of the scoop are jerked open
above the scow. Closo to the dock3 the
mud is not so clean, but the , chances of
finding something valuable are so much
greater that the difference is not taken
into practical consideration. Sometimes
it is a silver dollar that gutters m . the
sun and finds a resting place in the scow;
once in a rare while a- watch, made uso
leSs by long contact witH salt water, .
come tafexdte .in the dredger the blis
tering regret that it cannot be told or
pawned ? and quite frequently knives of
strange shape and rusted out of all sera- ,
blance to edged steel join forces Mith bits
of broken glass, to cut the feet of the
dredger who treads unwarily along the
bottom of the scow. Twi oe the harbor
dredges have brought up, within the
past year, a bright-bladed knife, show
ing along its point and edge a corroded ..
stain, as though blood had stuck there. :
Once the sharp jaws of the scooj cut oil
both feet of a drowned man, and the
tide carried tho body beyond the reach
of grappling hooks. A human hand,
with ene of the fingers bru ed a3 though a
ring had been torn from it by great
force, fell out of v the scoop several
months, ago. The dredgers thought that
the man from whoso arm the hand had
been torn had been ied down to a dock
while intoxicated, and robbed and
thrown overboard by the members of a
"gang." It is a common practice, but
the dredge rarely disturbs the body.
An immense drag-net stret hed 'across
the Narrows would catch a multitude of
strange and mysterious things. It
would be a storehouse ten time3 mora
ghasth' than a morgue. There is a tra-,
dition that years ago a murderer was
convicted by a - blood-fctained. knife
brought up in a dredge. The names
and dates are lacking. Another tradi-
tion says that a dredger once brought
up his own runaway daughter from
the bottom of the river. A ghastly
bruise on her temple told the story of
ler death. The dredger beat his brains
out against the barred door of an insane
asylum two years later. He had lived
sane long enough to murder the man
that ran off with his daughter, and a
merciful court sent him to an asylum
for the insane. A third blood-curdling
tradition is to the effect that a dredger
nursed a grudge against another
dredger for many years, hoping for ven
geance, At length when the enemy got
between the jaws of the scoop to fasten
a loose rivet, the -jaws closed on him,
and he was swung out -over the water. .
Then the dredge went out slowly, and"
the last thing that the dredger saw of
earth was the face of his murderer
grinning, triumphantly over the edge
of the scow;- ' These traditions have no
facts to make them real, but the dredg
ers believe in them. "An old Spanish
proverb says: "For the character of
the people look in the bottom of the
canal." New York would not find
much of a character , in the bed of the
East river, or in the slip adjoining the
mouth of the .sewers. When the water
closes over the unlawful deeds done in
the darkness or , the night, onlv the
dredge can bring it back to life. How
many bodies weighted with lead lie in
the mud beneath six fathoms of water,
how many bodies float out to sea,
no man can know. How greatly the
number of discovered dead exceeds the
number of unknown dead reported by
the police can never be estimated. ,
Other than ghastly things, however,
come up itfthe dredge. Down the bay,
a few days ago, a big crab was found in
a copper kettle, and an eel was found
confined in a long-necked bottle, much
too small for him. Whilo still young he
had made the bottle his home, and had
grown so rapidly that he could not get
out A lizard crawled out of a rusted
musket last snmror-inBurling-slip, and
a big "bullhead" was found in a rat
trap. A three-foot shark came up .on.
the end of a fishing line, and two sting
rays were found dead in a crabber's dip
net Hammers, hatchets, saws, adzes,
pieces of ship s stoves, pots, kettles, ta
ble dishes, and various articles of ship's
outfitting seem to strew the bottom of
the rive?. Few of them are of uso.
Only the new ones pay the dredger for
his trouble for fishing them out of the ,
mud in the cow. Those that are of no
value help fill up the channel again
when the scow is dumping. .: Some time
in the future they will be dredged up
again, in order that the channel may be
kept clear. -
Emperor and Worklngman.
" Chicago Herald. ,
A favorite amusement of Dom Pedro
II, of Brazil, is to leave his gorgeous
turnout in a side -street, and, accom
panied by a gray-haired chamberlain
and a stalwart lifeguardsman, wall tha
distance of a square or more to a irtanu-.
factory or other establishment and sur
prise the proprietor and employes by hi3
sudden : and unannounced app arance -among
them. Of course ho is given the
liberty of the establishm sht, and be
takes his time in examining the ma
chinery and modus operandi. With a
kind word of encouragement and com
mendation, he goes away, perhaps to
pay a similar visit to anotter establish
ment These visits he makes impartially
to the mechanical and mercantile estab
lishments, controlled by foreigners t
well as natives.
To Prevent Pctrolenri Pir?.
. As a preventive of pctrckura credit
s now pronos rd to place a bottle of
imaionia in each barrel 0.' the. oii. Ou
gn'.iion, by accident or ciher.i-iso, tha
.tle would breal:, rnd tne elect of tho
unmoniacal vaAor.i wo:,ld be t; ex
innish the flames
A. MV, Araauld, -Keenness
in a man i3 not always to be
taken as a sign of capaiity, for it is
generally observed most in those who
are Belash and over-reaching; and his
keenness generally encb in that kind ,f
penetration into other people's interest
which will tsnd to bsnt i ij own.