Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Douglas independent. (Roseburg, Or.) 187?-1885 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1878)
. ' ' THE ENCINJB.
Into ths gloom at ths deep, dark night, --, ,; ...
With panting breath and a startled scream; -Swift
as a bird In a sudden flight, , .
Dart this creature of steel and steam. , ,
Awful dangers r lurW g nigh,!
Itouk and chasm are near the track.
But straight by the light of its great eye .
. It (peed through the shadows, dense and black.
Terrible thought and deep desire
Trouble it mad heart many an hour,
Where bum and smolder the hidden fires,
Coupled oyer witb might and power.
It hates, as a wild horse hates, the rein,
The narrow track by vale or hill; .
And shriek with a cry of startled pain.
And longs to follow its own wild wilL
Oh, what am I but an engine, shod
With muscle and flesh by the hand of God,
Speeding on through the dense, dark uight.
Guided alone by the soul's white light!
Often and often my mad heart tires,
And hates it way with a bitter hate, .
A 1 1 ... nltAH l, nn .ImIm '
And leave the ends in th hands of fate.
0, mighty engine of steel and steam;
O, human engine of blood and bone,
Follow the white light's certain beam.
There lies safety, and there alone.
Th narrow track of fearless truth.
Lit by the soul's great eye of light, .
O, passionate heart ot restless youth,
Alone will carry you through the night.
Baula, witk ruffled apron pinned over
her head, was out on the back porch
gathering morning-glory seed. The wind
crept up through the withered leaves
and dry stalks, and rustled them with a
mournful sound; the sparrows in the
ivy, which clamored to the eaves,chirped
with a sorrowful cadence, as though la
menting the passing of the Summer.
Even the old house dog, Jack, lay with
his head betwixt his paws, as though he
sniffled & dreary melancholy in the Au
tumn air. Slowly the black, beady seeds
rattled out from . their diy husks and
dropped into the rosy palm, while the
pretty lace atxve tnem was aowncast,
and the brown eyes more threatening of
a storm than the leaden-gray Autumn
"Pinin lice, for the- city, and needs
livenin up a bit, J reckon," said good
Aunt Debby, as she sent Paula irtto the
crisp morning air, much as she would
send a child out to play. "I must ask
Dr. Stone about her; she's looked pimpin'
these three weeks.
As good fortune would have it, at
that identical moment Dr. Stone came
up the road, jogging leisurely along be
hind his gray horse, singing softly to
himself. Paula saw him from behind
her screen of morning glory vines on the
porch, and of a sudden the world seemed
to brighten. She almost felt th warmth
oi sunsmne. vJacs rousea mmseii witn
a start, and bounded off to meet the
new-comer, and, although Molly McGil
lup was singing across the way as she
scoured the pewter spoons in the wood
shed, even those hearty tones could not
wholly drown the tender pathos of the
doctors voice, as he softly hummed:
'Oh, thaw with beams of love divine,
This heart, this stubborn heart of mine!"
It was very silly, of course, to blush
when no one was looking, but Paula did
blush vividly, and then said to herself
"He's a great goose, anyway ! " though
why she called liim a goose was certainly
remarkable, and not in the least appli
cable to such a man as Dr. John Stone.
Paula watched him as he stepped from
the buggy, stooped to pat Jack's shaggy
head and say: ' " Good fellow ! good old
Jack!" and then came lumbering up the
door-walk. "Lumbering, Paula called it,
because she was always trying to find
the most disagreeable terms to apply to
the doctor, nowadays. And she remem
bered how she had watched him the first
Sabbath she sat in the little Hollylands
church, when he rose with the choir to
sing, and she wondered if his head
would not go to the ceiling, and if the
ii LLH) nuuutu v;ai.iy xiiiii noia uuu auuiu-
ing on a piletjf singing books in order
to see the nnisic he held for her.
There has been times when she thought
better of him, when she had become
well acquainted, and had learned how
fascinating he cotud be in conversation.
How he knew about every country, and
could picture scenes, which had always
seemed dull to her in so life-like a man
ner, and they were as beautiful paintings
by a master hand. He had knowledge,
too, of books, of music, of people, and
.f aula knew, better than many another,
. how imaginative, how tender hearted and
true to his manhood was apparently this
Many a long drive they had taken to
gether in the late summer, and Paula
had told him of her city home, her gay
companions, and the constant round of
calls, parties, opera and theatre-going
that made her life one constant whirl of
excitement, until she came to spend a
few quiet months with her aUnt in the
country, and rest for another Winter of
dissipation. - Of a sudden he had bent
his head until his eyes could search her
own, and asked in a voice that visibly
trembled with emotion: "Do you care for
it all so much, Paula, or could you be
happy away from the city's gayetyl
Could a home and a heart of love ever
take the place of admiration and excite
ment" Quite startled out of her ordinary self
possession, Paula had seen that this man
was terribly in earnest, that what she
had regarded as merely a passing sum
mer flirtation, had become a matter of
life and death to him, and, vexed with
herself and her lover, she had given him
to understand in the most pointed man
ner that she detested the country. ' It
was aU very well when the Bun was
seining and the earth green and beauti
ful, when flowers were in bloom every
where, and people were kind and agree;
' able. But when these things faded, and
dark days came, and dreary winds and
winter, when people one had learned to
like as friends had turned to lovers, and
so made themselves disagreeable, then it
was all changed, and she could be glad
to get away from everything and every
body associated with her life for the past
few months, and never see the country
again. - .
Very much shockeVl at this rode awak
ening from his dream of happiness, Dr.
Stone had set her down at her aunt's
door that sunny afternoon, and driven
' slowly homeward, with a pain at his
heart that plainly showed itself in his
honest face. He had even resented her
softly spoken plea: ; : j .
We shall be friends yet,' doctor, shall
"Friends! do not talk to me of friends.
You have played with a man's heart as
a child with a toy, and when tired threw
it away. Friends, indeed! you have
made me hate the sight of your pretty,
k false face." ,
And here he was coming up the walk
with stem, heavy1 tread th man ' who
fcated the very eight of her face. In
sudden self -abasement Paula' wondered
why she had stayed on at Hollylands,
why all the joy had gone out of her
heart, and why, but a moment ago, a
thrill had come into her life, and made
the day more fair when the doctor came
into sight It must be love it must, it
must be. And she never could have a
place in his hetrt, now, for he had told
her he hated the very sight of her
"pretty false face," and would not even
be friends any more. .
, "Paula!" it was Aunt Derby's voice,
"Dr. Stone is here."
"Yes, ma'am, answered Paula,' still
shelling away at the morning-glory seed
as though the whole door yard must be
planted that very day. ' t
"Paula, arn't you coining The doctor
wants to see you." . '
0 o -hi" and Paula drdpped the
seed, unpinned her apron her offhead,and
went into the kitchen with a very flushed
face but then she had been out in the
wind, you know. ? r -,
Dr. Stone stood by the fireplace. He
shook hands in a very professional way,
looked at his patient critically, asked a
few questions as to appetite and exer
cise, left a half-dozen powders to be taken
at intervals, and remarked, as he took
his leave, that he hardly thought it a
case where a doctor's attention was re
quired, and that, unless especially re
quested, he should not deem it necessary
to call again. : '
That last remark touched Paula.
"Of course you needn't call again!"
she flashed out. utterly regardless of
Aunt Derby's presence or consternation. !
"I'd sooner die than be saved by you,
and if I do want a physician's care I :
shall have one who is tried and true to
prescribe for me, for I am going' home
With this spirited announcement she
flung herself down in uncle's arm-chair
and burst into tears; while Dr. Stone,
with the coolest bow and most frigid
"good-morning," stepped into his buggy
and drove away.
That very afternoon Paula started off,
unbeknown to Aunt Derby, for a- long
walk. There was a green-house some
two and a half miles out the old Holly
lands road, which contained some plants
of a rrre variety, which she had set her
heart upon carrying back to the city.
Two and a half miles were nothing to
Paula, and she made her purchases, then
sat a while to rest with the old Scotch
man and his wife, and partake of a slice
of their oaten bread and a bowl of milk,
before she turned homeward.
"There's a nearer road," said old Jus
tin, as he was about to bid her good-by;
"you'll need it, too. Only see how the
wind has risen, and there's already snow
in the air. It'll be a tough walk home
in the face of such a stoim."
But Paula laughingly assured him
she liked a stiff breeze, and did not mind
walk at all, though she would take the
nearest way he pointed out. And off
she went, down the mountain side and
through the pasture, out of sight
For a half mile or so Paula tramped
briskly along, not feeling the cold. But
the wind was biting, and constantly
blew her wrapping away, and by this
time the snow came a blinding sleet into
her face, almost driving her back. Still
she kept on and on, holding fast to the
little plants which J ustin had carefully
wrapped to keep the cold from them.
But the road was a strange one, and she
vainly wished she had taken the faniliar
highway, even had it been further. It
was growing dark early, too, and Paula's
heart, which had not been brave that
day, began rapidly to grow traitorous,
and she felt very much like crying.
Tears would have frozen, though, on her
cheeks, so she pushed on, hoping soon to
come on the traveled highway.
Wilder and wilder grew the winds,
rushing and whistling down the moun
tain side; thicker and faster came the
snow, and colder and colder became the
little hands that clasped the treasured
plants. A mile, it may have been, had
been passed, and already it was dark.
She could never face that fearful storm
a mile and a half further. It was use
less to hold out, any longer. In utter
despair she threw down her plants and
dropping on a fallen log by the roadside
commenced to sob bitterly.
Above all the roaring of the wind,
and the wild rushing of the Hollylands
creek, at that moment the rumble of
wheels came to her ear. She started up
wildly. Was relief at hand? Yes; there
through the blinding snow mist she
could see a something coming towards
her, and with renewed energy she swung
her 3carlet scarf high above her head.
The something proved to be a man
with a horse and buggy, driving rapidly
downthe road. He saw her. He stopped
his horse in amazement at the sudden
apparition. And then oh, horrors! it
was Dr. Stone.
For an instant Paula wished she had
died before he came. But he had jumped
from the buggy and was close beside her
before he discovered whom he was be
friending. "O Dr. Stone! It's I but I'm almost
frozen and aml; you'll take me home,
won't youl-' .
There was something very pathetic in
her appeal, but he took no note of it,
only said, coldly
"Certainly, Miss Derwent; you can
hardly imagine that I would let a human
being perish when I could save them by
so simple a means." Without another
won! he lifted her into the buggy, drew
the heavy rotes about her, and drove on
as 'rapidly as Mas possible in such a
Not a word was siwken. It was bad
enough to be chilled by the cold; it was
infinitely worse to be" chilled by such
reserve, and as a sense of desolation
swept over her; Paula found that tears
were chasing each other down her cheeks.
She tried, as best her numbed hands
would allow, to find her handerchief, and
failiug in that, she dre w a corner of the
rope hastily across her face. Instantly
the great, silent figure was on the alert
and active. Leaving his horse to take
his own course,, Dr. Stone had drawn
the two aching little hands from their
gloves, was pressing them between his
own warm palms.
"Paula, Paula, poor child ! don't cry.
I was a brute, and you are nearly per
ished with cold." And then he drew
the little unresisting figure close to him,
and whistled the old gray to go faster,
and assured Paula that they would very
soon reach a cottage, where she should
have a cup of hot tea, a good ire and a
hearty welcome. - "
That "Paula, Paula, poor child!" did
more than every other assurance t send
the warm blood io her cheeks and finger
tips, and it seemed to her, bugged close
against, his great coat, and she would
gladly freeze almost to death again to be
rescued by such a doctor.
"Paula," he said, at length, after he
had rubbed the little hands to a glow,
wishing all the while that he could kiss
them, and after he had watched the
color come creeping back to the pretty
cheek nestled against his overcoat, and
wished he might kiss that, too. "Paula,
did you really mean those dreadful,
dreadful words this morning, that you
would sooner die than have me save
Quickly Paula sat erect.
"Dr. Stone," she said, tremulously,
"did. you really mean those dreadful,
dreadful words you said that day, that
you hated the very sight of my my
pretty, false face" ,
"God knows I did not No; Paula,
Paula! I love you better than anything
on earth beside. Can't you learn in
time to love me, just a little, Paula"
And Paula's answer was:
'I can never, never learn to love you,
for I've loved you ever since you told
me you hated me you hated me, Doctor
The London Liquor Traffic.
It is estimated that were all the gin
palaces and other drinking places in the
metropolis put side by side, they would
extend 100 miles. A "public house"
stands at every street corner; it is im
possible to walk three minutes in any
direction in' any art 'of London without
passing one or more liquor shops. Their
gaudy signs and glaring gas lamps stare
you in the face, go winch way you wilL
"Publics" were, in olden times, intended
to "furnish meat and drink for man and
beast ;" but nowadavs the "meal for
man and beast" is conspicuous by its ad
sence. In no city in the world are the
facilities for obtaining alcohol in all its
forms so great as in this "City of
Towns." A total abstainer is quite a
curiosity; men drink, women drink,
children drink. The poorest man must
have his beer to his dinner and supperj
(in some of the agricultural count
they take beer to breakfast) The
worst feature of the liquor traffic in this
country is its relation to the family.
Search England through and I will
guarantee that in ninety-nine cases out
of every hundred you will find it a reg
ular custom to keep wine or beer in
larger or smaller quantities. It is taken
to dinner, luncheon and supper, equally
in the lowest as in the highest circles.
To ask a' man to your house, and not
offer him drink in some form, is to be
considered at once as most inhospitable.
Alcohol is the balm in Gilead used to
soothe the ruffled spirits of enemies, the
cementer of friendships, the seal upon
bargains, the form of gratuity of Cabby
who drives your Honor, or the man who
delivers your coal, and the panacea for
all the ills that flesh is heir to. '
Some years ago in the lelief that it
would lesson the enormous amount of
public drinking, an act was passed au
thorizing grocers to sell beer, wines and
spirits in quantities not less than a whole
bottle, on condition that the liquor was
not drank on the premises. 1 his may
have lessened the quantity drunk in pub
lic, but it is complained that it has given
an opportunity to women and others for
private tippling, who would otherwise be
free from the temptation. Efforts have
also been made to reduce the evil by
contracting the hours wherein liquor
might be sold. A growing party, rep
resented in Parliament by Sir Wilfrid
Lawson, are in favor of pressing a local
permissive bill; but such legislation is
regarded with great jealousy as an in
fringement of the liberty of the subject,
and it is very unlikely to become a law
so long as a governmont with such strong
"imperial" -instincts as Lord Beacons-
field's is in office.
The Art of Conversation.
One of the greatest pleasures of life
is conversation; and the pleasures of
conversation are of course enhanced by
every increase of knowledge; not that
we should meet together to talk of alka
lies and angels, or to add our stock of
history oi philology, though a little of
these things is no bad ingredient in con
versation; but let the subject be what it
mav, there is always a prodigious differ
ence between the conversation of those
who have not enjoyed this advantage.
Education gives fecundity of thought,
copiousness of illustration, quickness,
vigor, fancy, words, images, and lllus
tration; it decorates every .common
thing, and gives the power of trifling
without becoming undignified and ab
surd. The subjects themselves may not
be wanted, upon which the talents of an
educated man have been exercised; but
there is always a demand for those tal
ents which his education has rendered
strong and quick. Now, really, nothing
can be farther from our intention than
to say anything rude and unpleasant;
but it must be excused for observing
that it is a very common thing to be in
terested by the variety and extent of
female knowledge, but it is a very com
mon thing to lament, that the finest dif
ficulties in the Vorld have been confined
to trifles utterly unworthy of their rich
ness and their strength.
"Hold the Fort." Everybody sings
"Hold the lort, but few know the ori
gin of the remarkable song. The Chicago
Inter-Ocean gives the following: "There
is a fort at Altoona, about 18 miles from
Kennesaw Mountain, which was being
badly pressed by the Confederate forces.
When Sherman reached Kennesaw he
signaled to Altoona, which was com
manded by Gen. Corse, 'Hold the Fort,
for I am coming.' The message was
seen and read by the men at the fort,
and as a reply was necessary, General
Corse ordered the young officer standing
near to send the reply 'Wave the an
swer back to Sherman that he hold the
fort' It was easy to order, but while
rebel bullets were flying thick and fast
several members of the signal corps de
clined to signal, until General Corse wa3
impatient, when the young officer above
referred to grasped the flag, mounted the
dangerous post and 'waved the answer
back to Sherman.' That young man was
James W. McKenzie, of Hampton,
Iowa, and the war records mention the
brave and cool act for which he was pro
moted." ; ' ' :
It has become very fashionable to have
the walls decorated with worked mot
toes, but no one ever Bees that motto,
"Base is the slave who pays," adorning
the walls of a beer saloon. V
Bobby Fenaer'i 1 roubles.
Bobby was thirteen years old and
lived in a little seaside village with his
father and mother. He was -a well
grown, rather pale looking lad, with a
very nice face that is, a face which
looked gentle, honest and sincere, with
no lines of evil passion or cunning be
ginning to stamp themselves upon it
Whether iiobby fenners lace couici
be called handsome or not I cannot tell.
I think not; but it certainly looked kind
and truthful, and his clear gray eyes
looked out at one without boldness and
Bobby's father was a sailor, and, con
sequently, he was left alone with his
mother. Once the father was absent
four years, and they sometimes could
not hear from him for mouths together,
and what the poor mother would then
have done but for Bobby, I know not
A great help and comfort it was to her
doing all he could for her in the
house before and between school times,
and always ready to stay in and be her
companion when she wished it In the
evenings he would prepare his lessons
and then amuse himself with his books
and maps (for his father had once
brought him home a nice atlas), his box
of paints, hi attempts at carpentering,
cr any other simple amusement
I am not going to praise Bobby for
his cleverness, for, perhaps on account
of his parents' frequent change .of resi
dence, he was much lower in the school
than many boys of his age. Still his
teachers always liked him and spoke well
of him they said he was attentive,
painstaking and obedient, and you have
often heard that those qualities will, in
the long run, often do more for a boy
than mere cleverness without them. 1 ?
From what I have told you of Mrs.
Fenner's circumstances you can under
stand how it was that Bobby did not as
sociate very much with the other lads of
the village. His mother did not care
for him to do so, for there were many
rough and rude and ill-disposed boys in
the vicinity, whose parents did not seem
to mind what sort of boys theirs were
becoming so long as they were not a
plague to themselves. So they turned
them into the streets, and never trou
bled where they went or what they did
except they happened to want them,
and then if they were not forthcoming
there was generally a great commotion.
But Mrs. Fenner had carefully trained
her son, and did not wish him to be cor-
rupted by such evil and degenerating
Now do not begin to think that
Bobby was a "milksop," who "couldn't
'Boo !' to a goose" and so on, and that
he was "a little prig who thought him
self better than other people." He was
neither. He could sail his boat with
the rest, liked a good run and a good
game, had his falts too, for he could
throw Btones on occasions, as you will
One day his mother sent him into the
village on an errand. He had only to
leave something at the shop and return.
Unfortunately he did not go straight
home, for outside the house he met Will
Bevan, a lad much given to mischief
and stone throwing.
"Let us go and see how they are get
ting on with the church," suggested
WilL The church was being repaired,
and was, of course, an object of inter
est to the whole village. Hardly a boy
but visited it daily to watch the work
men, and go home and report progress.
Bob and Will ran off and had their look,
and Bob was about to return, when
mischievous Will made a further pro
posal. "Let us see which can throw a
stone over the roof."
"All right," said Bobby. You will
think my good boy ought to have said,
"all wrong," but you see he was a boy
and didn t.
So Will chose a stone and Bobby a
lump of mortar. Up they went and
down thev came with a nice clatter
upon the lead roof. You, will think
that did no particular harm. It might
have done, and so thought the vicar who
was inside the building and heard the
There are those rascals at it again,"
he said, and out he ran in great anger
But the boys were already scampering
up the street, and were soon out of
sight The vicar, however, tollowed
them home. The worthy man had been
sadly annoyed and irritated by this
stone-throwing propensity among the
boys. Whether it was that the new
roof being higher than the old one seem
ed to offer a perjetual challenge and say,
"You can't throw over me as you used
to over , the other poor thing," I know
not; but certain it is that the windows
were broken, work was spoiled, and the
safety of workmen endangered bv this
perpetual throwing of stones. And the
vicar had declared he would make an
example of the first he caught And
now he thought he had caught them, or
as good as caught them, in the very act,
and he stood before the mother of
Bobby Mrs. Fen ner. f
Hasn't your boy been down at the
churh throwing stones V demanded the
"Certainly not, sir," said the mother,
believing she spoke the truth. "I sent
him to the shop but a few minutes ago,
and now he is back playing in the "yard,
This was quite correct, all had hap
pened within a few minutes, s
Bobby came forward and the vicar
asked: ' --
"Were you not throwing stones at the
church just now "
To some boys the question would have
presented a loop-hole of escape; they
would have thought, "I can truly say I
did not thiow stones." You will, re
member that Bob did not throw "stones,"
or even a stone it was a lump of mor
tar. But Bob was not one to practice
such evasion; ho kne w it would be anr
other form of lying.
So what he said was this: "I did not
throw stones, sir, but I did throw apiece
"Then I shall summon you before the
magistrates," sai.1 the clergyman. "I
am determined to put a stop to this
Was hot this a pretty position for my
good boy to be in He who had never
thrown a stone near the church betore
was now to be publicly brought up and
questioned, probably punished. I dare
say some of you think that it would
havo been less disgrace to have done
something worse if only it had not been
found out, and made'public. But it was
far better and nobler to tell the truta
and take the punishment, though in this
case it must be admitted the punish
ment was something of the scapegoat
kind, than to tell a falsehood and escape.
So thought some of the magistrates.
For one of them said to Mrs. Fenner,
"We are sorry for you, Mrs. Fenner,
and for Bobert. But William Bevan is
a notorious ston&thrower, and is always
m mischief. We are determined to pun
ish him, and we must punish "both."
A fine was inflicted, which, with costs,
amounted to about fifteen shillings.
This would have comer hard upon Bobby's
mother (for her husband was away at
sea), but that the afore-mentioned mag
istrate, a wise and kind man, said pri
vately, "You shall not lose the money.
I will make it up to you, for I wo ild
rather be the father of a boy who tells
the truth and gets punished, than of one
who lies and escajies." So though the
boy had a painful lesson concerning the
choice of companions and throwing
stones, I do not think he is thought less
of than before. -
When his father came home from sea,
he bad, of course, to be told the disagree
able news, but the unpleasantness was
much mitigated by finding that his son
had boldly told the truth, when the truth
must have been hard to tell, and that he
was respected much more than he was
blamed. This was the episode in Bob's
life, and so I say, May every mother's
boy among you never give his parents
more cause to complain of him than
The Indians and the Army.
The replication of Secretary Schurz
in the controversy with Gen. Sheridan
and his comrades has been sent to the
press, and it displays all the author's
customary adroitness and vigor of state
ment. If there is a slight change of
base in the defense of the Indian Bureau
against its military critics the strategm
is productive of great results. Secretary
Schurz shows by a long series of quota
tions from documents on file in his de
partment that Commissioners, inspectors
and agents have repeatedly recommend
ed since 1870 the removal of the
Kiowa and Comanche agency from Fort
Sill; and thus it may be assumed that
the consolidation of the Fort Sill and
Wichita agt ncies has the strongest war
rant that the testimony of the officials
of the Interior Department furnish.
Certainly the Secretary of the Interior
Department cannot doubt the wisdom
of such a course without discrediting his
own subordinates. But on certain
points their evidence seemed to be di
rectly in conflict with that of General
Sherman and Lieutent-General Sheridan,
and whatever Mr. Schurz might think
of such a discrepancy the country woud
be apt to put faith in the soldiers. The
conflict of testimony has been softened
in such a way as to save the veracity of
both parties and yet embitter the whole
controversy. "The Kiowa and Coman
che agency was removed from Fort Sill,"
said the Secretary in effect,, "because the
water was impure." "I know the place
well," said Sheridan, "and it is the best
watered region in the West Medicine
Bluff creek is noted for its purity."
"True," rejeins the Secretary, "but the
soldiers occupy the Medicine Bluff creek
and compel the Indians to camp on
Cache creek or take water rendered im
pure "by passage through the military
post" In the same way the Secretary
said the land about Fort Sill was bad.
Sheridan answered that it was remark
able for its fertility, and the Secretary
replies that the post is so large that the
grass is exhausted for the use of the
military. In regard to the bad condi
tion of the agency buildings at Fort
Sill, the Secretary simply reiterated his
former assertions, and cites evidence in
support of it He again sets forth the
necessity for removing the Kiowas and
Comanches northward, where they will
be free from the raid of Texas cattle
thieves, and declares that it would be
folly to break up the homes of the
Wichitas, who have already made great
progress in the arts of peace, to bring
them under the demoralizing influence
of the post at Fort Sill. i,
The whole controversy sprung out of
the demand made by the Indian agent
for a company of cavalry to guard the
consolidated ' agencv. Sherman, Sheri-
O a '
dan and Pope assumed that this was the
first step of an old process by which the
whole military post of Fort Sill would
be transferred at an immense cost after
the vagrant agency, and they asserted
that agents got the soldiers away from
the vicinity that they might plunder the
Indians unmolested and then send for
the soldiers when they had irritated the
Indians into rebellion by their exactions.
Secretary Schurz retorts that the cav
alry company is not wanted and that it
is absolutely necessary to free the Indi
an agencies from the presence ,6f sol
diers' in order to teach the savages any
6f the virtues of civilized life, since the
licentiousness of a garrison more than
counteracts the eflect of churches and
Bchools. This is a pretty hot kind of
debate, and perhaps both disputants are
somewhat unjust If 1 not, twp j of the
great departmenis of the government
are very badly managed. We are in
clined to think that in the past the
policy of keeping Indian agencies and
military posts united may have been the
only one , that could be pursued with
safety; oat wherever the Indians settle
down to cultivate the soil, build houses
and acquire the arts of civilization the
presence of soldiers is not merely un
neceasary, but actually injurious. There
fore, when Sherman says that Fort Sill
must be moved to Wichita agency, he
speaks the lesson of old experience, and
when Schurz says that he would not
have Fort Sill post removed to the con
solidated agency cn any account, he
speaks the aspiration of the hopeful
Surprise is one of the principal ele
ments of wit tiThis is why it always
makes a man laugh when he site down
on a pin. t -
A Norwich youngster of five years
having been found playing in various
private stables in the neighborhood
where he lived, on being remonstrated
thereupon by his mother, replied: "Well
I dess if a barn was good enough for
Jesus to be born in, it's dood enough for
little boys to play in."
For Dyspepsia use Pfunder s Oregon
Blood Purifier. A certain cure.
Buv Carriage Hard
1856. KNAPP, BURREIX & CO., 1870
Front, First and Ash Streets, Portland, Oregon,
IMPOBTEE8 A.r3 DEALERS Iff ...-. :....
FARM IMPLEMENTS AND FARM MACHINERY.
Sole Agents for the Following Specialties, which are Acknowledged the Best in use:
The Bain Farm Wayon, tii asAj wacn that hat st" the test tut last fifteen years in ftrxjfsn,
... t"bmplon Mollne Plow.
tiarden City Plow.
OH vr ( billed new, the only chilled plewtUat has pnre4 ot anj ralue. B are el spurious imitation.
Huperlor Ural a Drill Had Suprior Broad Caat Bovtlers, late imr m1taa
Sittnltor Broa Caat Seertera. latest ImproTed
Garden City Sulky tlow, too well known to need comment. i
Evans' Sulky Plow, which has taken first premium at Oregon State Fair for last four years.
Bay I Ifta Vtneeled Harrow, the only successful wheel harrow yet introduced.
Paeine Fau Mill, the only mill in market that will clean wheat perfectly and take out all the wild oats, oockls, etc., etc,
Cider Mills, Feed Cutters, Cultivators, and Harrows and Iron and Steel Harrow Teeth.'
Mill menlntendinir to build Flour or Saw Mills will consult their own interest by (retting our prices before purchasineelsewhere s we esrrr a full stock fJ-P5?'
i'ER WHEKLS, MILL STONES, SM UTTERS, BOLTING OLOTB. POKTABLE SAW MILLS, C'lttCULAK SAWS, KUBBiSK and UiAXHER BLUING nd erythmg per-
taiuins. to mill furnishing goods first class, and prices always the lowest.
AlLi Merrill wife of a New York
dentist, baa made her debut as "Julia."
She draws better than her husband.
Jesse Pomeroy'b confinement in the
Massachusetts State prison is not having
effect, it is said, for he paces his cell like
a caged lion, and recently, when some
one gave him a kitten for a pet, he flayed
it alive with the knife and fork provided
for his meals. Two holes started in the
sides of his cell for escape have also
This font of Iong Primer, nearly
new, has been in use Qiily a few months
on a weekly paper, is for sale. 125
lbs. complete with quads, spaces,
figures and italics.
D. II. Steaexs & Co.
Also 120 lbs. Brevier of whjch this is
a sample, will be sold cheap for cash.
D. H. Stearns & Co., Portland, Ogn.
Messrs. Shindler fc Chadbourne have
a large stock of carpets and .wall paper,
of the latest styles; in fine furniture
and carpets, they take the lea J in the
city. They have a manufacturing es
tablishment a few miles from5 Portland,
using water power to drive the machin
ery; the establishment is a perfect bee
hive.; The productions are sent in every
direction, using great quantities of
native woods, and scattering every Sat
urday evening hundreds of dollars for
labor. Parties at a distance should send
for photograph and price-list; an experi
ence of many years enables this firm to
supply the wants of the furniture trade.
A Daring Attempt.
On the night of Tuesday iast, the 3d
instant, some thieves broke j into the
station at Milbrae, and attempted to
burglarize Hall's fire and burglar proof
safe belonging to the Southern Pacific
Railroad Co. They removed ; the safe,
which wighed 2,000 pounds, from the
building, and after selecting the heaviest
tools they could find in the tool house,
which was also ransacked, endeavored
with sledges, crow-bars, picks, eta, to
force the door. Not succeeding in this,
they threw the safe down on its face and
attempted to break open the burglar
proof box in the back. Her? agaiji,
however, they were completely foi.ed,
and were compelled to desist. We f un
derstand that the safe contained a con
siderable amount of specie tnd other
valuables belonging to the railroad com
pany, all of which the robbers failed to
obtain access to. -San Francisco Stock
Manufactured by Hodge, Davis fc Co.,
of Portland, is not a jatent medicine in
the ordinary sense, but a real specific of
great value to every family. ItjWill re
lieve a child s earache in five minutes,
and is a sure and speedy curative in all
cases of neuralgia or rheumatic affection.
A trial will prove it merit For sale
by all druggists and dealers in patent
medicines. . .
Philadelphia to Portland Direct.
The Pacific Coast Steamship Company will dispatch
their new and eleirant iron steamship " State of Califor
nia" from Philadelphia, Pa. to Portland, Opt. direct on
or about xeorunry 1st. or rreurht apply to J. Mo
Craken 4 Co.. 00 North Front street, Portland. Oga,
Ooodall, Perkins & Co., 10 Market street, San Fraa-
cisco, CaL, W illard K. freeman. 74 Pine street, New
lork uty, or luu vtaluui street f miauelpOia, Pa.
Essence of Jamaica Ginger is a sim
ple and effective remedy in many com
plaints. Hodge, Davis & Co., wholesale
druggists, Portland, 'manufacture an
aromatic essence which is absolutely pure
and reliable. It should be kept in every
house, and buyers should see that the f ac
simile of their signature is lithographed
on the label of each bottle.
For diseases of the Liver and Kidnevs
try the Oregon Blood Purifier.
3" In, making huj pnrehase or In
writing; In repone to any advertise
ment in this paper you will please men
tton the name of the paper. -
LADIES AT A DISTANCE FROM PORTLAND CAN
deal with us as satisfactorily as at our counters,
We keep the Largest and Finest Stock of
Dry Goods, Dress Goods, Silks, Cloaks,
And ererythinir reouisite to a strictly FIRST-CLASS
ESTABLISHMENT, in Oregon.
It will cost very little to send to us for sample and
prices, and it will enable everybody to take sdYantagv
of the recent decline in the price of DRY GOODS.
We also keep a Full Line of
CEftTs' FURNISHING 00008. "
Clarke & Henderson,
Corner First and Washington Streets,
Is valuable in every house.
r. l. Mccormick, rabiifter,r
' Pertlaad.OrrjteB .
A DAY PROFIT REPORTS ONE AGENT,
another tl5. New article. Fortune for you.
Local and traveling salesmen wanted. Particulars free.
Eureka manufacturing Company 44 Second Street, Ban
- Fruit, Hhade, Ornamental and If n
Trees, Tinea and Shrabhery.
Choice Tree, 23 cent each, flS per hundred. Send
for Catalogue aod Pries List. - -
J. H. 8ETTLEMTER,
ware & Woodwork
THE WEEKLY BEE.
The Beg Asrrlenllaral and Live Stock
Journal PubUabed In the Nor lb west.
THE MOXOPOLY BROKE.
The Intent telegraphic news from aU part of the coun
try reported specially for the
Daily and Weekly Bee.
The best agricultural and live stock writer in Oregon
has been engaged to write exclusively for the WEEKLY
BEE. The best literary talent money can procure I
employed in all it departments, and the WEEKLY
BEE is now the most complete and reliable farmers
paper published on the Pacific Coast, as well a the
Subscription price 92 per annum, invariably in ad
All new yearly subscriptions from this date will be
sent till January 1, 1880. Address
D. H. STEARNS A CO.,
Oregon Standard Soap Works,
IRVING A WEBB, Proprietor.
The only steam factory north of San Francisco. Send
for circular and price list.
The Northwest Coast
A closely printed 56 page pamphlet on the resources of
Oregon, Washington and Idaho and their relation to
the North Pacific Railroad, by
Rev. Geo. II. Atkinson, EL D.
Illustrated by two complete maps of the territory
It should be in the hands of every inquirer about this
country, and is sold at thfe extremely low price of 5
cents per copy.
A discount of 25 per cent, to dealer. Cash must ac-
comjainy all orders. Address,
R. II. K tear as t Co.,
Newspaper Publishers, Portland, Oregon.
Warranted pure and of superior quality.
Is made under our own supervision,
of the pnrest and best materials,
and we offer it as absolutely The
Best In" the Market, as a
single trial will convince any one.
Hodge, Dayis & Co., Proprietors.
JT. A. STllOWBKIDGE,
Direct Importer and Dealer In
LEATHER AND SHOE FINDINGS,
No. 1st Front Ht.. Portland. Or.
HOLLY & WALNUT. SAW AND PATTERNS
faT Write for Price List
, DAIION & HILL, Portland Or.
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICES.
J SIMON & CO.,
Dealers in -
Doors, Windows, Blinds and Glass
WEIGHTS, CORDS AND PULLEYS,
138 Front SU, best W attain; ton Jt Alder.
Jetltn PORTLAND, OREGON.
C orner Tblrd and T NtreetaV
Near tl Bteamship Landings and Railroad Depots,
Lewis ton & Fretland, Proprietors
, (Late of Minn sou House.) -Win
sprira no pains nor expense to make this house
THE B EST HOTEL IX PORTLAND.
FJXE FARM FOR SALE.
ONE OF THE BEST FARMS IN OREGON. IN A
fine eta te of cultivation, fully fenced, excellent
buildinirs, steam power and all late improvement in
sfcri cultural t machinery. Everything to be sold at a
bargain. It produced 10.0UO bushels of wheat to 1877
and 8,000 bum) lels in 1878. I good for so average of
nine thousand bushels every year.
Price fmt pa ' sere, terms to suit the barer.
D. H. STEARNS k CO.,
Res! Estate Agent Portland, Oresron
Casta r Oil,
Chins Nut Oil,
- Dog innta Oil,
Dowser's (Spindle OH
. For sals by
hodge:, DAVIS & CO.,
Whole sale Irutnrlnt,
;thx best cicar on iecord,
Club :tlouae Clajra.
... to be had st
Sacleb reeht. Fox 4t Co
ai sad tu Frost street. Baa Franeuws. -
of E. J.-ItdilSiiOpfi
KNAPP. BURRELU CO..
, ' ' Portland. Or.
To Obtain tnj Somber of 5ewpaprii
Magazines and a Copy of Webster'i Un
abridged $13 Dktionarj of IS78 Edition
Free of Cbarje. ,
DETERMINED TO INTRODUCE THE WEST SHORS
(Oraron's illustrated newspaper) into every family
circle on the Pacific Coast, th proprietor has mad ar
rangement with the leadinr publisher in th United
States whereby he is enabled to ifive away an year's
subscription, to any paper or magazine to anyone was
will make up a club of subscriber to Th West nacre.
The Weat Shore
Is now a large 32-page paper, handsomely
illustrated, ably edited, and is Bent out
stitched and enveloped in a handsome
granite cover. No family Baould ba
without it. Price per annum $1 .50,
if sent in on or before January 15;
after that the subscription price of
The West Shore
Will be $2 00 per annum.
The Hon. H. H. Bancroft, who is considered on of
the very best authorities on literary subjects la th
United States, says of it: "As a historical and practi
eallv scientific periodical, I regard THE WEST 8HO&B
as by far the best wblished on th Pacific Coast" . .
Dr A. 3. Richardson say: "You deserr th en
dorsement of every man who ha th rood of hi State
at heart. Consider me s perpetual subscriber."
Hundred of other testimonials and endorsement ars
on file at our office. The people' endorsement "THR
WEST SHuRE has the largest circulation o any publi
cation in the Pacific Northwest.
. Ser.d your address on a postal card and ask for our
club list, or send 20 cent for a specimen copy of TUB
W EST SHORE containing our club list. Address
Pnbllsner West shore,
Mrs. W, A. Height
18 PREPARED TO PURCHASE GOODS OF ETERT
descripikw residing; at a distance from San Fran
Cisco. Bridal out 6 is, Infants ward robes, or singl ar
ticles of any kind purchased with care and forwarded
a O. D. if preferred.
Mrs. H. can give the best of reference If desired.
710 Iienvenwortn St., Sstn FrsneJseo,
BOLE AGENTS FOR TUB UNHIVAJLUEU
STA.XDAHD 1ND F.STEY 0SGA3S,
D. W. PRENTICE CO., I
Music Dealers, Portland, Oreroo
Book l Job Printer,
. BOS Market St., Ssjs Franesseo. -
All kinds of plain and fancy printing;. First els work
at lowest prices. Country orders promptly filled.
THE CHIEF OF 11 EALING C0HP0USE3.
The Most Powerful Healing
Agent Ever Discovered.
Physicians give It the highest recommendation.
FOISTS TO BE J50&5B XS MIXB.
Carbolic Salve positively cures tfi worst snres,
C&rbolifi SAJVA instantK aliav-O Ko ruin nT K,.i '
Carbolic Slv cure til cutaneous erujrtion.
. arwHic coive remove pimples aod blotch OS. :
Carbolic Salve will cure cuts and brnises.
HENRY'S CARBOLIC SALVE
rank at the head of all salves. Ointment and other
Healing Compounds, and ha achieved s greater reputa
tion and s larger sale than any other similar prenara-
turn. Tbe snout , .
TIRUXEXT SORES AM ULCERS
Hav been cured with wondrous rapidity by th tu of
T. I VT .' 7 iKriM'u bow almost univer
sally by Physicians throughout Oie country m their
Testimonials from the most respectable sonrcas, med
ical and otherwise, are constantly accumulating on our
hands, demonstrating tbe orerci(n efficacy of
This Great External Remedy , ,
and thai, than n-M ssrVtsaK to - " . . ,
r ownpleto. Tbe two foUowiw excerpt w iUm
flrftfB il nm fnnns l 11 A Itunsv.
iw "imvii v uutcvb an ma iinmi k sta. ls
OwwgeB. Lincoln, President of th Board of Health,
N Y . writ.- Vii. n.uwit. 4j-i ...
isf tt Mms. kIHfc A Ik -II M ....
state, that be bad on the forefingw of hi. ri"t fcT
r yvv, m run- rvano.- Til flrwer
taurt t-nfUmad to defer QnbnU.x A
friMsii dl-RMMi it Willi tfWftwaliA fi.U. .t I .
- , - -- wu in xu miicu
pam hadsoh tubdedMto givsfalr night
"'Hiuaw cii wie asigjr to a ua.
Henry's Carbolb Salte
i!JUed ''Hospit nd ), 'fotmd t ,,.,4
""V- " " pursier ana BWlUSCUjrrt, but 't i.j,
meet wotiderful e;id speedy hewing -easecy ever in -s.
s5oW by Ji bruggista. Pries tf oral a
, JOHKF. HESET CTEEAJ? & ' .'
' ' ' "' ;'". Coiiegs- ihea, Sr-? T-k '
Beware of Imitations. Ask f,-
Salve and and bo other. . . ,
HODGE, DAY!) Cf