Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909, November 06, 1906, Page 4, Image 4

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    63.': iV-
Ayrshire breeders for tl:e last fifty
years or more Lave been handicapped
In .breeding because the . standard of
excellence has lacked uniformity be
tween the three great breeding section:
for Ayrshire cattle, Scotland, Canada
and the States. The outlook for tli-i
future seems much more hopeful, for
all three have practically united on one
common scale of points as the standard
of excellence, and in future there
should be no wide difference between
Ayrshires of the different sections. If
Ayrshires are to be kept as one breed
- and one general family, there must
be more attention paid to breeding
after the pattern as laid down by the
different associations, and these asso
ciations have united on a common
standard. There is no reason why breed
ers may not in all the different coun
tries work in unison to a given stand
ard, said a speaker at the New England
Ajrshire club meeting.
The strongest point of the Ayrshire
cow. around which cluster all the other
points, are-the udder and teats, and this
is the same in all countries under the
recent revision a large,' square udder
with four quarters of equal capacity,
held strongly up on the belly, running
well forward and behind, up out of the
nmmk !
way of dirt and injury; four good
sized teats wide apart on the four
corners of the udder, in length froio
two and a half inches to three and a
half inches, hanging perpendicularly.
It needs no argument to show that,
other things being equal, a cow with
the above udder and teats is perfection,
and If breeders of Ayrshires would all
aim to produce this stylo of udder on
their cows it would iu itself cover a
multitude of imperfections in .other
parts of the body. The Ayrshire cow
here reproduced from Hoard's Daii-y-man
is owned by Barclay fam, Bryu
Mawr, Ia. This cow entered the ad
vaneed registry this year and gave
1,155 poum's of milk, 525 pounds ol
butter in oue year.
The Separator In Missouri.
The hand cream separator is a very
potent factor in Missouri dairying. It
came slowly at first, but of late very
rapidly. It has come to stay and has
brought additional prosperity with it.
Any man with ten ordinary cows
who is where he can patronize a
creamery, either centralized or local,
cannot afford to be without one. The
extra cream saved in one year over
the deep can or crock , system will
usually pay for the machine, and
the machine if treated decently will
last for ten or fifteen years. There arc
half a dozen makes of separators on
the market. Competition has forced
them all to become good and stay good.
The farm separator Is now to the dairy
farmer what the twine binder is to the
grain farmer. It Is possible to cut
grain with a cradle, but it would not
pay to do it in that way. The milk
producer can make some money ii
the old way of raising cream, but .U
does not pay. R. M. Washburn In
Kimball's Dairy Farmer.
Care of the Cow's Teats.
' The care of the teats should always
be oliseweJ by the mil!:er and who:
they get hard and rough should be
anointed with vaseline, as cracked teat?
are an annoyance to the milker, hurt
ful to the cow" and have a tendency to
lessen the flow of milk. Long finger
nails are also a discomfiture to the
cow, and the milker should keep them
well pared to avoid trouble.
Some cows will not give down their
milk for some milkers as rejadily as to
others, and it is often necessary to
Change milkers and try to find onr
whom the cow takes a liking to and
for whom she will give it down. The
holding up of the milk has a tendency
to lessen the secretion and consequent
ly the flow.
, Grow Feed on the Farm.
The Massachusetts state crop repor'
contains an article by Professor F. S
Cooley on "Some Causes Affecting tht
Profits of Dairying." On the subject
of feeding dairy cattle the professor
urges that feeds be produced on t'l;
farm as far as possible. Usually thv
jbost practice is to purchase only feedr
rich in protein and raise the cours
fodders on the farm. Cows fed on star
vation rations yield no profit, and those
overfed with expensive feeds are also
kept at a loss. The point of highest
profit in feed must be determined by
experiment and car"ition and varies
.with the locality and circumstances of
the feeder.
Improving? the Herd.
Select as far as possible female!
which conform to the standard of ex
cellence of the breed. If this Is accom
plished it will Insure a uniformity Ir
type that is highly desirable. If In ad
dition to this it Is possible to select
cows and heifers that are similarly
,bred they will be more nicety to pro-
4wpn'formity ta their offspring.
' I A!
- v.
.-.."", v; - '
1 Let Him Know the Vmlae of Mill mm
a Food. ,
Milk is not a beverage, but an easily
digested perfect food- It requires no
cooking, contains no waste, Is pala
table, easily digested and is entitled to
be classed among -the economical hu
man, foods and ought to be more gen
erally consumed.
One dollar spent for milk at 6 cents
! per quart furnishes 1 J. pounds of
' protein, 1.3 pounds of fat, 1.7 pounds
of carbohydrates and 10,300 calories of
energy, while the same sum spent for
beef sirloin at 23 cents per poun-1
furnishes .6 pound protein, .6 - pound
fat, no carbohydrates and 4,100 calo-
iries of energy, or the same amoau':
spent for eggs at 36 cents per doze:.
furnishes .5 pound protein, .4 poun '
fat, no carbohydrates and 2,600 calo-
; ries of energy, or the dollar spent for
oysters at 35 cents per quart gives n
j .3 pound of protein, .1 pound fat, -JZ
pound of carbohydrates and l,2ro
calories of energy.
Thus we can show that many of the
standard foods are really luxuries in
price when compared with milk on the
scale of nourishment furnished for a
definite sum. Now think you not i
the consumer, were made cognizant of
these and other favorable facts, if they
were thrust before his notice as are
the claimed virtues of the so called
cereal foods, nostrums or worse, would
not consumption increase, naturally
making a better price?
Advertise the Facts.
Suppose you have a folder printed
enumerating these and other virtues
milk possesses, with younr name and
address and business on the margin,
this could be printed by your local
dairy organization or individually and
judiciously, but liberally distributed,
and then suppose you paint on your
barn the legend, "Good Milk Is a Per
fect Food Sweet Clover Farm Pro
duces It John Jones, Proprietor," in
stead of the lie that the nostrum man
will paint on if you allow it. Do you
not think that advertising space would
be as valuable to you as to the nostrum
man? Would it not be possible to
do good to your neighbor and to your
self at the same time? My experience
in this line answers in the affirmative.
I am a hearty believer in the Kussell
Sage or Rooseveltian philosophy of
strenuosity, but muscular application
alone must not expect more than the
compensation usually paid for such ex
ertion; Let us use our brains. It not
only pays, but it makes a better world.
National Stockman and Farmer.
Dairy TaJk of Today
A milk sheet should be in every
barn and the cows tested regularly
and the milkers made known of the
results. All these things have a tend
ency toward interesting them In their
work and are productive of better re
sults. The Milk Herd.
The time has come for all dairymen
to look well to their herds to see that
they are composed of animals of con
stitution, and to that end production
must be placed secondary, and every
thing that tends to the development of
strength and constitution must be
made of the first importance. Given
these qualities, from good foundation
stock, performance must surely fol
low. Breed Testa.
The figures given here are merely
types. They do not mean that every
cow of the breed will yield milk of
this grade. Some Jerseys will not go
above 3.7, and some Holsteins will do
better than 4.6. But as a whole the
tests fairly represent the fat content of
the milk of the breed: Holsteins, 3.25
per cent; Ayrshires, 3.7; Shorthorns,
3.8; Devons, 4.4; Jersey, 5; Guernsey, 5.
Kimball's Dairyman. '
May Be All Cream.
When you see a man going to the
creamery with one can nowadays it's
no sign he Is running a one cow dairy.
That may be a can of cream. .
Field Weeds and Others.
The weeds are not all in the fields.
Some are in the dairies, the cows that
make us useless workj that reduce our
profits, that discount our undertakings,
so we cannot get 100 cents on the dol
lar from them, says Kimball's Dairy
Farmer. Let us get rid of these pull
up, cut off, banish the weed, in so far
as they affect our success.
But the real, universal, hopeless
dairy weeds are the cows that make
125, 130, 140 pounds of butter a year,
the ones the thoughtless farmer owns,
feeds and milks. They are his dairy
sinking funds; they sink his labor, his
profits and his hopes. What train loads
of these would go to Packingtown if
we would all weed them out at once.
Train the Heifer.
Heifers should be taught to "hoist"
the first thing, as it puts the udder hi
a better position to be handled. Cows
that have not been taught this, when
they come to develop large udders and
are heavy milkers, are quite an annoy
ance to the milker, especially with
cows that do not carry the udder we!!
forward. .
Careless Dairymen.
Nine-tenths of the dairymen are sti!
mixing breeds, housing cows In bara
that are about devoid of sanitation, re
fusing to believe that what gets into
the milk after and during milking is
what injures it and sends it to; "the
dogs," that it does not pay to read and
become dairy wise, that It is economy
to ship or transport raw uncooled Uillk
in old, battened, rusty cans, and K U
sometbloe to be proud of to esvrsy uLL
boot wfaer back. Loco in the iassfe
and bsaave a rTsiaoacsjitp rc
Change of. Field Should Be1 Avoided.
"Winter Feeding;. -
There is an old saying that change
of pasture makes fat calves, but, like
many another wise saw,' this has more
sound than sense. Cattle never gain
flesh when in" a field new to them.
Three or four days pass before they
become -accustomed to their new sur
roundings and settle in their regular
round of habits. If moved from one
field to another adjoining, the same
restlessness will . appear j although if
a gate between the two fields be lef!
open they, will pass from one field to
the other without the sign of uneasi
ness. Introducing strange animals in
to a field occupied by herd will cause
the same disturbance. The social posi
tion of each newcome must be settled
by much fighting and more, threatening
before the chief business of their lives
can go on quietly and comfortably.
Having got a herd together, it would
be advisable as far as possible to avoid
changing from field to field and sud
den changes of diet Such changes are
almost certain to "throw the cattle off
their feed" or lead Uani to overeat
with more disastrous results.
If .the , intention is to feed cattle in
the winter months, attention. should be
given to providing a feed, lot in which
they may be fed comfortably and prof
itably, ' Much will be gained by pro
viding shelter to prevent, them from
shivering away the - flesh they have
slowly gained. -Less of food is needed
for merely keeping, up the animal heat.
and the animal will eat ..' and drink
more when sheltered . from cutting
winds and warmed by the sun's 'fays.
It is especially important that the
sunlight should reach the stock early
in the day, for, even when there' is lit
tle ', perceptible warmth in the rays,
there is in them that " which enlivens
the. spirits of beast as well as man.
It has been found that , cattle fatten
bettor in an open field, exposed to the
winds from every point of , the com
pass, than they do in fields In the 'midst
of timber, where the sun's rays seldom
or never reach them. Salt should be
placed where every beast in the herd
can easily' reach it. By" this plan th3
crowding and fighting will be avoided,
and the animals will be much' better
for It W. J. Grand, Cook County, III.
Care of Breeding Ewes. ,
We feed our breeding 'ewes liberally
with roots and plenty of clover hay,
says a writer in the American Agri
culturist. We have large, well venti
lated sheds and let the ewes have plen
ty of exercise, keeping them out of all
storms. It does not do a sheep any
good to get wet. We aim to haye our
ewes in a good healthy condition,., &-,
ways use the best rams we can,;secure
and mate them with the ewes earlyr In
the season.. We find that early lambs do
far better than late ones, yovided they
can be cared for properly. . We cull our
lambs and flocks carefully each year,
sending all inferior animals to the
butcher's block.
It is demonstrated by all experiments
that in the making of pork at low
prices the various species of pasture
grasses are the most beneficial, cheap
est and most useful of the many foods
on which the hog subsists. The ani
mal which can make the best use of
them is therefore the most suitable for
general purposes.
To Load Hoa-s. .
Handy devices for loading hogs are
numerous. Here Is the best one I
know, says a writer In Kimball's Dairy
Farmer. I have tried the portable
cjiute, the hog yard chute and some
others, but this beats them alL My hos
house i built on a slight side hill. The
hogs go in on the ground level. I back
the wagon up to a door on the opposite
side and drive tha hogs in v. Itliout jiut
chute. It is much easier to drive a hog
on a level floor than up an incline. If
you have a low wagon this can be man
aged with almost any hog house by
digging two trenches for the rear
wheels, thus letting the hind end of the
wagon down to the level of the door.
A neighbor has one pen with a floor
about a foot higher than the rest of the
noose. There is an outside door in this,
and he backs the wagon up to it and
loads in fnat way. By feeding in this
pen several times it is an easy matter
to handle the hogs.' There is an easy
.Incline leading from.the other house to
this, so the hogs do not have to climb
around any. Anything that makes it
possible to load fat hogs with little dis
turbance, is worth considering.
Housing; tho Pigrs. t
In a paper read at the Iowa swine
breeders' meeting WT Z. Swallow, .-a
swine breeder for forty years, said: v
"I have had lots of experience with
p:s iu Utile houses and big houses a--.i
with stoves. Now I use no stoves am
no big houses. I did not find any ad
vantage in farrowing houses. They al
ways get too cold. It is hard to keeii
artificial heat even. Where you keop
five or six sows, and litters together .
Is hard to keep them all warm and nor
get them stirred up. One in a place ia
a good deal better than the other way.
With a small house covered with straw
except a door on the south side, with
wings on each side of It so that when
the door is open the breeze cannot get
in, you will have better luck, and the
heat of the sow will be warmth enough
in the house. "They will get -plenty-of
air and sunshine from the door. Willi
houses like this I have, had sows far
row sevsa and eight pigs la liM cold
Vaaftar sad W ail rX $Suy are
cbsttwa ttftui thOi &s a' ntet
baoBiB sost vW X-asnfc"
6 , 6
The Exact Way It Should Be Fitted t
the Animal.
; To fit a harness to a horse is the
simplest of operations, and only
neglect and tEe good nature and pa
tience of the animal allow any de
parture from exactness. -Few brow
bands fit as they should, but are so
loose that the ears are painfully
pinched. Blinkers carelessly kept
become warped out of shape and se
riously obstruct vision, while if they
flare or the check pieces ' are too
loose they lose their effect in the
one case and are dangerous as af
fording glimpses of the following
vehicle in the other. Bits are gen
erally too wide rather than too nar
row; bridoon bits too thin and
sharp, curb chains are often sharp
eded or "roughed" through careless
ness or too tightly drawn. Collars
aie often too much bent at the'top.
Our ; horses are rather straight
shouldered as a rule,! and sore or
chafed necks are very frequent in
consequence. ' -.
Pads are usually broader in the
tree than is best, especially if a
horse is light in flesh, and the ridge
suffers . unless a housing is worn.
When placed well back, as they
should be, however, they generally
lit better, and the girth does not.
chafe the thin skin at the elbows..
Breastplates generally are far too
loose, dangling aimlessly about,
whereas they have vitally important
duties to perform in handling the
load. Backhands, if tight, are al
ways dangerous, as inciting to a
kicking scrape, especially" if . the
crupper is not thickly padded.
Tight girthing is never necessary.
The breeching should hang in the
right placevand be just tight enough
to come into play when traces slack,
without that length which leaves it
dangling about, and stopping the
vehicle with a sudden jerk. Iole
pieces should, while controlling the
pole head instantly, not be drawn so
tight that the horses are jammed
against the pole, nor should they
dangle loosely about. No strap ends
should stick up or out, but every
thing be snugly billeted. As a rule
backhands are, made long enough
for a dromedary and .girths' . big
enough foran elephant, with from
four to six holes "each, that are nev
er visited by a buckle tongue. Nose
bands should have a lot of holes,
close together, and be used wnen
needful to assist bitting. At all
events they should fit' snugly.
Throatlashes should always be quite
loose. Coupling reins should be
long, with several holes at bit ends.
The hand reins should have more
holes and rather closer together
than usually punched. -F. M. Ware
in Outing Magazine. t
How Houdon Was Saved.
During the reign of terror David
had Houdon, the sculptor, arrested
and wished to have him guillotined,
as he had declared war against all
the artists, his colleagues. Mme.
Houdon went to Barrere and urged
brm to save her husband. "I see no
way," Barrere 6aid. "But tell me,
for which of his works has he been
imprisoned?" "For a statue of
St. Scholactica," said Mme. Houdon.
"What does she look like?" "A fine
woman, with a scrap of paper in her
hand." At that moment- entered
Collot-d'Herbois. .Barrere said to
him : "Houdon has made a statue of
Philosophy meditating on the revo
lution. You must have it bought
by the assembly and placed id. ie
room m front of the assembly room
and declare that Houdon has de
served well of the country." This
was done, and Houdon was saved.
Etiquette at Church Wedding.
: The order in which guests should
leave the church is a question fre
quently put. It suffices to say that
the bride and bridegroom leave nrst
and the bride's mother follows im
mediately afterward, next to her the
bridesmaids and the relatives and
guests as they best can get away.
The guests provide their own car
riages save in the ' country when
they attend a wedding from town.
The bridegroom provides the car
riage for himself and bride in town.
The bride's father does this in the
country, and in both town and coun
try he provides the carriages for the
members of his family residing with
him and for himself nn3 the bride. ,
Paradox of a Buried Treasure.
Buried treasure is not always apoc
ryphal. An. instance occurred in
the last century at Washington, ly
ing seven miles north of Worthing.
In that village for many generations
a tradition had lingered that, just
before the battle of Hastings, a
great v treasure, had been hidden.
From 1066 to 1866 it lay undisturb
ed. In that latter year, at the Wasa-anga-tun
(settlement of the sons of
jWasa, to give the village its Saxon
name), 3,000 pennies of the coinage
of Edward the Confessor and Harold
were unearthed, which proved for
once -the truth that -may underlie
an "old wives' f ablfc London
: The Lawn Mower.'.'"
The lawn mower is generally much
abased by the majority of those who'
use it. When nicely adjusted and in t
good working order it may be kept so
by a hair's breadth turn of the adjust
tag screws or bolts, and no one should
be allowed to meddle with these parts
unless he fully understands them. The
blades of the lawn mower strike the
cutting bar in such a manner as to be
largely self sharpening, and no ma
chine, if well oiled and adjusted, will
need sharpening unless it is run into
stones or other hard substances that
may dull or bend the knives. The or
dinary machine oil used upon larger
machines than the lawn mower, on
wagons, etc., 'is too heavy for the lawn
mower, except in -very hot weather,
and should be thinned with an equal
amount of kerosene. V Ko machine will
keep in perfect working order for a
great length of time without cleaning,
and the lawn mowef, which is run
through so much dust and dirt, should
be taken apart once or twice every sea
son, each part carefully cleaned and
wiped and then freshly oiled. The ma
chines with large wheels and'ball bear
ings run more easily than many of the
older patterns, but the latter if kept in
perfect order will run -with compara
tive ease and' will do good service for
many years. Suburban Life.
A Cne For Chicken Pox.
Chicken pox is usually the result of
the fowls being allowed to roost Id
damp, filthy quarters. Bathe the af
fected parts ' with warm, soapy water
until the crusts can be removed with
out bleeding, after which apply a solu
tion of sulphate of copper (biuestone),
a dram to one-half pint of water.
CliicUen Wisdom.
The molt tests the color quality of
the white breeds. If the prize cockerel
shows brassiness after getting his new
: feathers, he will, be very likely tc
transmit this failing to his chickens.
Study your individual birds, save the
steadfast thoroughbreds for years and
gradually develop whole flocks of them.
It certainly pays both in satisfaction
and in silver. .
Do not allow the drinking watei
to be exposed to the sun. Give fresh
w,ater twice daily. . , . ...
For a soft crop nothing Is better than
a gill of strong vinegar in a quart ol
drinking water.
Broad roost3 not over two feet from
the floor are the most comfortable and
most sensible. j
Shavings as Scratching- Litte.
A reader asks if shavings would
make good scratching litter, and as the
answer was not very positive in its
favor I will venture to speak from sev
eral years' experience and say that I
have always used them with the best
of successs and prefer good, clean shav- j
Ings to any other material, saya L. B.
Hudson in American Poultry Advo-1
cate. They will not pack down so j
much as straw, and as most shavings .
are from dry lumber they will absorb,
more moisture than other material.;
They will also last longer. With ;
to ten inches of shavings on a good
floor you may depend on your fowls
getting proper exercise.
The Vsefiil Doug-las Mixture.
Douglas mixture is made as follows:
Sulphate of iron (common copperas),
eight ounces; sulphuric acid, one-half
fluid ounce; one gallon of water. To
prepare this tonic, place the gallon of
water in a jug or crock and add the
copperas. When the latter is dissolved
drop in the sulphuric acid, anfl when
the compound clears, it is ready for
use. A less quantity may be made in
a small bottle in the same proportions.
The mixture is a tonic, which may be
given to fowls in drinking water at tha
rate of a gill to twenty-five head every
other day.
The Kind You Have Always
in use for over 30 years,
Jl srvssi . s7 i
r j- jC'" fjrP-f huuiti
ss. -Allow siooiio to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations sad " Jnst-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle "with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment.
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
gorie, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotie
Rubktance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
tir-C allays Feverislmess. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
ass -Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving IsealUiy and natural sleep
-The Cl.ii-l.-tw& Panacea The Mother's Friend -
Bears the
The KM You Ha?e Alip BougM
3 Use Foi Over 30 Years. ; .
the umui
There it no Rcs-on.
" : v. '
, Why you baby ehoul.l b thin, and
rmful daiiti the night. 1 rm8 are the
; " win, fi-iy biw. It is natural
fat s Dealt hy bnbv should le fat and
IWD IF vnnr kak.
1 - .Vw' IIIXO MVfc maill
iooo, own't expa-iu.e..! wuh coli
cures and other medicine, bu try a bot
tle of VV hire's Cieam Vermifuge, aad
vou will won se your bUy have colori
and lanvh as it should. Sold by Graham.
& Worthanj.
S. P. and 0. R. & N.
Cfefrn k 17 Priiro Ncorpr'tii
wu wug-u iu if IICU'O M'JUIUl U
This Popular Coluffibia F iver Route
-Frauklin' visa right when he eaid,
"Lost time is never found aaain." The
O. - R. . & , N. in addition to giving
yon 200 miles along,the matchless Col,
umbia' River, saves you 57 hours to Chi
cago. It is the
Short Line to LewiHon. V t .
Short Line to Palouse country.
ShortLine to Spokane".
Short Line to the Gouer d'Alene coun
try. v-
ShortLine to Salt Lake Gity. . '
Short Line to Denver. :
Short Line to Kansas City.
Short Lire to Omaha. , -
wv 'VStl'VUgl.
Short Line to all points East.
Three trains east daily,. 9 :15 a. mM 6:
15 p. -m. and 8:1s p. m. The "Chicago
Portland Special" is as fine as the finest.
Every comfort of home.
For particular-ask aijy agent of the
Southern Pacific Company or write
General Passenger Agent, Portland, O-..
Always Was Sick.
. When a man eays'he alwavs was sick
toubled with a cough that, lasted all
winter what wouk you thh)k if he
should eay he never was sick sinco
using Ballard's Horehound Syrup. Such
a man exists i
Mr. J. C. Clark of Dpnvpr f'nWon
writes : "For some years I was troubled
with a severe cough that would las 5 all
winter. This lnni)h loff rrto. in o mScn.
- - " ' ' 1 v. jit n ill icci
able condition. I tried Ballard's Hore
hound . Syrup and have not had a sick
day since. That's what it did forme.""
Sold by Graham & Wortham.
See Zierolf for Economy Jarp.74t
W Jacobeon of Elk City met with a
terrible accident last Sunday. He let a
shotgun slip through his hands in such a
wav that the weapon was discharged,
the contents passing through the wrist
nd hand teari tfa d
m.M , .. . , .
-"eles ontU only portion of the skin
cnn?cU:d the hand and wrist The hand
! ds savea tnougn it wni be terribly
crippled and
the thumb is nearly dea-
' The Dairy nrn.
The work of the milker can be made
more Interesting, by making the stable
more attractive, and partly for this
reason should be well lighted and ven
tilated and made cleanly by dusting
and whitewashing; also the use of land -plaster
and some absorbent in the
trenches, like cut or shredded corn fod
der, ror tne purpose or Keeping xub
table sweet and pure, some pictures
of some prominent cows of the breed
you are keeping hung on the walls.
Bought, and which has been
lias borne the signature of
has been made under his per-
ix. if
superwsiBU since its uiuuivy.
Signature of.
I '"v