f HE CQRVALL1S . GAZETTE Published .Tuesdays and Fridays by Gazette Publishing Company. The subscription price of the Gazette for several years has been, and remains, $2 per annum, or 25 per cent, discount if timid in advance. . WHY IS 11 NOT COMPLETED? In a recent issue we present ed an address that dealt with the problem of the river; and while considering in a general way the matter of an open river and as strictly in the line of de velopment we are to remember that about 1883 it was proposed to complete the West Side rail road from Portland to Junction City, thus paralleling the East Side road for the distance of one hundred and thirty miles through Washington, Yamhill, Polk and Benton counties, until it reached Junction City, in Lane county. By and on account of financial embarrassment or unknown causes on the part of the com pany this work stopped short at Corvallis. The line of road was surveyed and the right-of-way secured from Corvallis to Junction City, a distance of twenty-five miles. Much of the necessary work in bridging Marys River was act ually accomplished and ome grading done on the line of the road south of that river when the work ceased. It has been dormant ever since. II is admitted by all that this stretch of twenty-five miles re maining uncompleted is the gnrden spot of the valley. The 'Long Tom country is there in all its glory waiting for the early completion and connection with the main through line of this stretch of road. It is destitute of railroad connection with the balance of the state. Why is this twenty-five miles not closed and the railroad line completed to its fixed terminus, Junction City? Is the railroad company acting in good faith with the farmers who deeded to the company the right-of-wav over their lands in almost every instance without consideration? Is this financial stagnation to de ter forever the railroad from finishing its line over twenty five miles of the least expensive of any like number of miles 01 road within the State? If rail road development is to be the order of the day in the valley, here lies work for the early har vest, that will not cost the com pany as much for the whole twenty-five miles as the steel bridge at Harrisburg; besides opening two lines of travel to the city of Portland from the center of the valley. The early completion of this line deeply concerns the whole of the West Side of Western Oregon. Is the time not oppor tune for that much needed work?. Is the farming community to be compelled for all time to cart their produce to Corvallis, Har isburg and Junction City? When we come to consider that the through line of travel and freight from California to Port land is wholly dependent on the one road from Junction City with the chances at all times for a wash-out or other like interfer ence at any point north of Junc tion City, the importance of closing up this twenty-five mile gap is manifest. A twenty-three years wait for a railroad to construct this small stretch is sufficient to chill the p?.t'ence of Job, independent of it being an outrage on the whole of the West Side, as well as a breach of faith toward the farm ers who gave the right-of-way to emphasize the spirit of develop ment. Why not a through line from Portland by the West Side to California if this is the day of railroad building? Has inertia siezed the railroad people until the right-of-way shall lapse and the farmers claim the same by adverse possession? ONLY SEVEN AGAINST. It is very complimentary to i President Roosevelt that the house passed the railroad rate bill with only seven dissenting voices. The wonder is that these seven did not "flop" and make the passage of the bill unanimous. The bill gives the Inter-state Commerce Commis sion authority when a rate has been complained of as "unreason able" by a shipper, to inves'i gate and report on the same. After due investigation the com mission may fix what is consid ered a just and reasonable rate. This rate so fixed will go into effect at the expiration of SO days, subject during this time to be set aside or suspended by the commission itself or the courts. However, after once having gone into effect it is to remain the rate for three years. It is understood, from the debates that have taken place, that dur ing this period of three years the courts may review the situa tion and set aside the rate should it become plain that the rate so established was confiscatory or in conflict with the constitution. To the president more than any other man is credit due for the passing of this billjthrough the house. Railroad rate regu lation has been Roosevelt's slogan for years and the outcome certainly looks pleasing. It is now up to the senate. County Court. Last Wednesday county court convened for the transaction of the usual county business. The usual grist of bills were allowed. Bounties for the months of December and January were al lowed in the sum of$i6. The matter of the application of B. Bartlett and others for a county road from a point 40 rods east of quarter section 30, town ship 14, south range 4 west, to Willamette river ferry was con tinued for the term. It was ordered that allfspecial road levies filed with the court be passed, except roid district No. 20. .The application of the Summit Telephone company for the county to lake stock in said company wasdet.ied on the ground that the county cannot take stock in a private corporation. It was ordered that the county clerk advertise for bids to pro vide the county with wood, as follows; 25 cords oak grub wood 4 feet I'mg and not less than 3 inches in diameter; 35 cords spht maple four feet long, and 15 cords second growth fir four feet long. Wood is to be delivered at the court house between June 1 and August 1, 1906. Bids will be received up to 1 o'clock p. m., Wednesday, March 7, 1906. The Willamette Valley Com pany having petitioned for the privileges to maintain, construct and operate certain lines and wires in Benton county, the same was granted. The Oregon' and California R. R. Co. having petitioned for cancellation of tax on a certain parcel of land within the county, the court, alter duly investigat ing the matter, saw that said petition was correct and steps were taken to ratify the same. What Western Newspapers Say. What Western Oregon newspapers are saying regarding Dr. James Withycombe, Director of tlie Oregon Experiment Sta tion, who has recently filed his declara tion as a Republican candidate for Gov ernor. - His friends believe there is no man in the Republican party more representa tive, having greater possibilities of useful ness, more deserving of honor than is Dr. Withycombe. His high qualities of mind and character have made for him many friends throughout the entire state. They regard his platform as truly characteristic of the man, ever eager to recognize and aid the welfare and rights of all an honest and fearless perform ance of duty. They do not consider him a party poli tician, but regard him a conscientious, progressive, and most honorable man, who seeks the office of Governor, not as one dependent npon a political position for a livelihood, . nor for any selfish personal benefit, but as a man appreci ative of honor, and a champion for a greater and united Oregon. Union Republican. Juniors Entertain Seniors. Oa Friday evening the .two upper classes . buried the hatchet of antagonism, forgot the hard battle on the gridiron where they fought against each other for class honors a ad for Sew hours indulged in the plea-ures of the evening. It had been announced that the occasion would be a character party and from a glance at the assembled hosts and guests one would have thought that it was carried out to the fullest ex tend. There were costumes of every conceivable design representing characters from the most re nowned .personages of antique fame, to the most comical like ness of the various specimens of humanity living in our own day. Alter a few minutes of laughter, conversation and mirth, a short program was rendered. The re mainder of the evening was spent in plaving games, the event culminated with a sumptnous re past served by Madam Hfer. Among the best sustained char acters were Phil Gerhart, Stimp son Getz, and Misses Graves and Watson. A very pleasant eve ning was enjoyed bv all. Elect Officers. The OAC athletic union held its annual election last Friday and selected men to fill the two most important offices for the en suing year. The method of vot ing was modeled after the Aus tralian ballot system. It was the first time it has been tried in the college and proved to be highly satisfactory. There were two candidates lor general manager, Bert Pilking ton, '05, Grover Cate, '06, and three names all out of the '07 class were on the ticket for treas urer. The final count of votes gave the following: Pilkington 326; Cate, 125; Weatherford, 326; Thayer, 80 and Stebinger, 43. In electing Bert Pilkington general manager, the most im portant office, the students have chosen a man well qualified for the position He is a veteran on the gridiron, having captained OAC two years. He is well in formed on all phases of the gj me, a warm supporter of student terpnses, and no doubt will bt able to manage a sue :essful sea son. An Invitation. Oa account of typhoid fever at Eugene the State Christian En deavor Convention cannot be held there. The time set for the convention is from the 22nd to the 25 ot February. Owing to the circumstances an invitation has been extended to Corvallis that our people may act as hosts. It is desired that our citizens give an expression of their sentiment on this point. Steps were to have been taken toward deciding the matter in a meeting held last night by the ministers of the city and others. Should the convention be held in Corvallis we will have many noted people as our guests. The matter is to be decided today. Best Ae For reedingr Heiien. There Is an almost general agree ment of opinion that the right time to breed for the first calf Is at about fif teen months of age, this period varying somewhat, according to the size and vigor of the animal, says Dr. Kilchen in Jersey Bulletin. If an animal is suf ficiently vigorous and of a good enough size when she comes to this age and is not bred, she goes on to a beefy tend ency more or less fast, according to hereditary Inclinations. I suppose every breeder of long ex perience has noticed the tendency to a bull headed development in heifers that are delayed in breeding. This tendency is due to the fact that blood which would have been directed to the hind quarters through the stimulus of the activity in the uterus is drawn to the forward part of the animal through the influence of the activity of the brain if the animal is not pregnant. Standing: Room For Cows. The length of the standing room for pna' urill vm-tr nHfi Vi r ciqr rA cow and the method of fastening, "When swing stanchions are used a medium sized eow will require a dis- tance of fifty-six inches from the gut-1 ter to the stanchion. In order to pro-1 vide for cows of different sizes it is well to vary the distance between the gutter to tte stanchion from one end toward the other. In this way the cows may 1 arranged according to --e. . Have your printing; done at the Gazette office. We give you quick ; service and save you money. " STYLE and QUALITY FOR $2.50 Style and quality in fullest measure are found in our. soft hats. Distinction ' and individuality are there too. Hawes Soft Hats look like - thoroughbreds and . THEY ARE. You'll "find satisfaction in the many new styles we are now showing $2.50 DAIRY POINTERS Much stress Is being placed by cer tain farm and dairy speakers this year on the importance of a home supply of cows, farmer raised milkers, whose history and bringing up the farmer knows all about and which, one by one, take their place in the milking line without the requirement of a large sum of spot cash on the part of the farmer. The advice is good. On many farms the cost and care of the young stock are scarcely noted, and the cows so raised may be better than can be bought at any price within reach of the owner. Then, too, there is small chance of building up a choice, handsome, heavy milking herd unless the members are carefully bred and selected on the farm year by year. American Cultivator. sli e In the Cow Barn. We use considerable vaseline in the cow stable, says H. G. Manchester in Rural New Yorker. Whenever a cow has a sore or scratched teat a little rubbed on just before milking softens the teat, so that she does not object to gentle pressure and helps much to quiet milking. After milking a little more rubbed over the sore spot helps to heal the trouble. The cost Is small, 15 to 20 cents a pound, and its use pays. Do not put on so much that the teats are slimy, as a little goes a great way. We bore an inch hole into the side of the milking stool about two inches, and we keep the vaseline la this. It is always at hand, yet out of the way. "Vaseline" is a trade name, and often one can buy "petrolatum" or "petroleum jelly," which is the same thing, for less than is asked for vase line. Fcoien Cream. If the cream is permitted to freeze it is apt to impair the flavor of the but ter, for we believe that when cream is kept where it is so cold that it freezes it is Impossible to ripen it properly, says Hoard's Dairyman. Moreover, butter made from cream that has been frozen is apt to have an oily appearance and taste unless great care is exercised in thawing it out. Fishy Butter. B. H. Webster, chief of the dairy di vision at Washington, stated that the experiments of the division show quite conclusively that the fishy flavor in butter comes from the cows drinking stagnant water. Day adds unto day convincing proof that the farm end of this butter business has a great deal to do with the final quality and the final price received for the butter. Watering Cows. Cows should have all the water they will drink. How often to offer them water will depend somewhat upon their habits. Many cows will not drink but once a day, but we think it better to train them to divide the amount. A good practice is to give them oppor tunity to drink just before the usual time for letting them out for the daily airing and again shortly before the evening feeiing. Meat in. Germany. Good meat is scarce and dear in Germany. The executive com mittee of theGermantradeunions has petitioned the federal diet to allow an increased importation of live pigs that the necessary meat requirements of the German pop ulation may be satisfied. The pe tition declares that the working people are suffering severely f com the extraordinarily high prices ruling for meat. Wrong Implement. rirgt Neighbor Mrs. Snap . ,, . ., , ' Bays she can't get a smile out of her husband with a pair of tongs ! 1 Second Ditto Well, that's just .bout the way I thought she went ?at him! Detroit Free Press. VQJ WtWQWSSR j&f-- rwz"' o?3m ASK TO SEE THE NEW SPRING 35 Spring Styles are now on Sale. !jsjle&w Height jot French Soldiers. Since the law of 1901 there has been no limit of height for a French soldier; dwarf or giant, all must serve. Before that time j the limit was only five feet one inch. Yet the height I was not yet run down to that of . Napoleon's "grandee armee" in its last years and not long ago it was above that of the German army measured as a whole. The fakmer heaps what he has pre viously sowed. The human body reaps liKewise tne natural crop ot weakness, rain and death if- the seeds of disease have been sown by bad habits of careless ness m eating, sleeping and exercising. Keep well if tou can and when you need a little help in keeping well use nature's remedies, that do not roughly stimulate but gently quicken the action of Nature's functions In a natural way. Nature's laboratory furnishes the follow ing plants which enter into the manufac ture of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Dis covery: Golden Seal root. Queen's root. Stone root, Black Cherrybark, Bloodroot ana ivianaraKe root. If in doubt as to your trouble or need ing advice, you can consult, free of charge, Dr. E. V. Pierce, chief consulting physician to the ; Invalids' Hotel and surgical institute, Buffalo, JN. X. All letters are considered confidential and answers beaming correct medical advice returned in securely sealed envelopes. "I suffered Jar nearly eight years," writes ramp a. Fatcn, sq., or Mobile, Ala.. Deputy Sheriff, "with malaria, which poisoned my entire system and deprived me of my vi tality. I was cured in three months by using Dr. tierce's women Medical Discovery. 1 know it was largely due to neglect and I paid little attention to my trouble until I became so run-down and weak that I knew I had to do something at once to regain my health. I began to feel better within four days after I used the ' Golden Medical Dis covery,' and after using nine bottles I was restored to my usual health, feeling better than lor years." The most valuable book for both men and women is Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical Ad viser. A splendid 1008-page volume, with engravings and colored plates. A copy, paper-covered, will be sent to anyone sending 21 cents in one-cent stamps, to pay the cost of mailing only, to Dr. R.V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y. Cloth-bound, 31 stamps. G INS E N G Information Relating to the Richest Product - - - cf the Soil Prof. Howard, of the Missouri State Agricultural College, says: "I American farmers to cultivate Ginseng. Big profits are realized. It is easily grown." A bulletin by the Pennsylvania State Collece savs: "The supply of native Ginseng Root is rapidly diminish ing and the price per pound is correspond ingly increasing, wniie tne constant de mand for the drug in China stands as a guarantee of a steady market for Ginseng in the luture. American consul vjenerai Wildman at Hong Kong writes: "There will be little difficulty in disposing on this coast of all the Ginseng that is grown in America." Ginseng is a staple on the market the same as corn, wheat and cotton. The present market price varies from $6.oo to $8.uo per pound, while the cost of pro duction is less than $1.50. There is room in one's garden to grow several hundred dollars worth each year. The plant can be grown throughout the United States and Canada in any soil or climate that will grow ordinary garden vegetables. There are two planting seasons, spring and fall. We are buyers and exporters of the dried product, and grow roots and seeds for planting purposes. Let us show you how to make money growing Ginseng. You can get a practical start in the busi ness for a small outlay and soon have a nice income. Send two-cent stamp today for our illustrated literature telling all about it. Write at once; you may not see this ad again. , THE ST. LOUIS GINSENG CO., 1 3 3' haw" Growers and Exporters, SAINT LOUIS, - KJISSGURI. 14 tf. -J ' ' if"! r ' GALL " Published Every Day of tfco Year. LfeADS ; la those essential elements of enter prise and progress which go to make up a great NEWSPAPER Designed Especially FOB '".HOME THE IT PRINTS ' ALL THE NEWS. Is Ably and Carefully JEdiied. Its columns are rapieta with bright, spicy gossip o' Coast towns and cities. It Worksfoi the Welfare oJlhs State.' THE WEEKLY CALL, . Sixteen Pago ?apof. Containing a report of the week's leading news features and many special features tor the farmer and stock raiser. SEND rOB SAMP-Eg. SuTjflcriptioa Price f Alvrays la Ad vance). Including" Postage within the Unite! Stntffs, Canada or Mexico. Daily, One year Oiicliulins Sun day Call) 9SJ0O- Dntly. six momh& uncludlnjj Sun day Call) 4.00 Daily, one month (including Sun day Cull) T5 Sunday Call, one y'.i;' 2. Weekly Call. 0110 your 1.UO TowiPY 1 fDnlly . .$w.W tvr yenr oxlra SiiKdny. -nr. J Mr y-r -xtra i-OBiacre lv.-k:y. l. Pt vciir extra Tractions cf a yoar ta proportion. The Yellow Fever Germ Has recently been discovered. It bears a close resemblance to the malaria germ. To free the system of disease germs, the most effective remedy is Dr. King's New Life fills. Guarantied to care all diseases due to malaria poison an'd constipation. 25c. at alien & Wood ward's drug store. Motlce to .Creditors. . Notice is hereby given that the undersigned has been duly appointed by the County Court of the State ol Oregon, for Senton County, administrator of the estate of Henry Holroyd, deceased. All persons haying clpims gainst paid estate are hereby required to present the same at the office of J. F. Ytts, properly verified as by law required, at Cor vallis, Oregon, within six months from the (lute hereof. Dated this 13th day of February, 1906. W. S. McFadden, Administrator of the Estate ot Henry Hol royd, deceased. Estray Notice. 3-year-old red bull cams tomy premises in .November. Owner please call snd pay pasturage and price of this notice. Twelve miles southwest of O'vallis. 916 William Park Are Y 1 Restless at Night? And harrassed by a b&d cough, use Bal rd's Horehound Syrnp, it will se mr - you sound sleep sind effect a prompt tn radical cure. bold by Graham & vV rtham. Frightfully Burned. Chas. W. Moore, a machinist, of Ford xit.y, Pa , had his hand frightfully inrned in an electrical furnace. He ap plied Bucklen's Arnica Salve with the isual result: "a quick and perfect cure." Gieatest healer on earth for burns, wounds, sores, eczema and piles. 25c. at Allen & Woodward, druggists. 500 Telegraph ers Needed. Learn Telegraphy and Railroad Accounting. The activity in railroad construction throughout the Northwest has created a Iarpe demand for competent telegraph operators. We teach telegraphy, thor oujit'y quickly, and secure positions for ur graduates. Salary $75 to $90 per mo. Tuit on fee low. For terms and particu- ars, wite, Pacific Telegraph Institute, Portland, Oregon . 10 17 Cheap Sunday Rates Between Portl-nd and Willamette A Valley Points. Low round trip rates have been placed in effect between Portland and Willam ette Valley points, in either directioi?. Tickets will be sold SATUBDAYS AND SUNDAYS and limited, to return on or before the following Monday. Rate to or from Cor vallis, 3.00 Call on Southern Pacific Co's Agents for particulars. lOltf The for Job Work. for ehtJOntm aaft sarm ,V tsuttam.