Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909, February 02, 1906, Page 2, Image 2

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Published Tuesdays and Fridays by
Gazette Publishing Company.
The subscription price of the Gazette
for several years has been, and remains-,
2 per annum, or 25 per cent, discount if
paid in advance.
Of all the terrible sea disasters
of history none seem more awful
than the wreck of the Valencia.
There was an appalling loss of
life people swept into eternity
almost in the twinkling of an
eye. Surely there is responsi
bility somewhere. If there is
not, there should be. But after
all there is no such thing as un
doing what has been done; no
possibility of restoring the lives
that have been sacrificed to a
relentless sea.
Primarily the blame rests up
on Captain Johnson. Either
through his ignorance or care
lessness did his ship get wrecked.
If it was the result of ignorance,
then the examining board grant
ing him his papers become a
party to the disaster and its re
sults and a rigorous investigation
of the board would be in order.
If such a sea horror were known
to be the result of carelessness
on the psit of Captain Johnscn
the horrible loss of life entailed
by "such carelessness certainly
should be a lesson to the exam
ining board, and the habits, re
sponsibility and fidelity to duty
and trust of an applicant for
papers should be investigated to
the fullest.
Of all pitiable cowards record
ed in the annals of history Cap
tain Cousins, of the steamship
Queen, is as great as any. He
did nothing to save those who
were facing death on the decks
of the wrecked Valencia. Even
those on his ship who volunteer
ed to man boats and attempt a
rescue of those clinging in des
peration to the wreck were for
bidden the Queen's boats to
to make the attempt. Captain
Cousins sailed calmly away in his
cowardice, and sacrificed to
death human beings to the num
ber of how many?
How must the poor creatures
clinging to the rigging of the
Valencia have felt when they
saw the Queen steam away and
leave them to their fate? God
alone knows. Their anguish is
not pleasant to think of and,
if capable of even a partial reali
zation of their mental suffering,
Coward Cousins certainly has a
store of accursed thoughts that
will flood and overwhelm his
mind to his las, day on earth.
Even his cup will be so bitter
that we pity him.
We note that in various parts
of the state the political caldron
is beginning to boil. This is a
sure indication that along about
June next somebody is going to
get scalded. Another thing
v worthy of consideration is the
fact that it is about time to hear
that candidate so-and-so is a
sheep thief.
We are on the eve of a season
certain to be fruittul of educa
tional speeches; a time when
many men will address us with
out knowing exactly what they
are talking about some of them.
For many cf us it is all very fun
ny, but for the earnest aspirant
for office it is a most serious
proposition. The thing for the
layman to do is to treat the
various candidates as courteously
as possible his position is not
an enviable one Bear in mind
at all times that it is no crime to
rurr for office. According to our
Rvsfipm rf tmwmmPTif. nffieprs
- 0 .
are a necessity and it is the duty
of the people to do their honest
best to select goo j mon for the
p laces.
February Weather.
The following date, covering a
period of 35 years, have been
compiled from the Weather
Bureau records at Portland, Ore.
They are issued to show the
conditions that have prevailed
during the month in question, for
the above number of years, but
must not be construed as a fore
cast of- the wreather conditions
for the coming month.
Temperature Mean or normal
temperature, 42 deg. , The warm
est month was that of 1885, with
an average of 47 degrees. The
coldest month was that of 1887,
with an average of 32 deg. The
highest temperature was 68 deg.
on the 28th, 1901, and on the 26th,
1905. The lowest temperature
was 7 deg. on the 5th, 1883, and
on the 12th, 1884. The earliest
date on which "killing" frost oc
curred in Autumn, October 13.
Average date' on which first
"killing" frost occurred, in
Autumn, November 18- Average
date on which last "killing"
frost occurred in Spring, March
17. The latest date on which
"killing" frost occurred in
Spring, May 9.
Precipitaton (rain or melted
snow) Average for the month,
5-87 inches. Average number of
days with .04 of an inch or more,
17. The greatest monthly preci
pitation was 13.36 inches in 1881.
The least monthly precipitation
was 1.01 inches in 1895. The
greatest amount of precipitation
recorded in any 24 consecutive
hours was 3.81 inches, on the 1st
and 2nd, 1890. The greatest
amount of snowfall recorded in
any 24 consecutive hours (record
extending to winter of 1884-85
only) was 8.5 inches, on the 3rd,
Clouds and Weather Average
number of clear days, 3; partly
cloudly days, 8; cloudy days 16.
Winds The prevailing winds
have been from the south. The
average hourly velocity of the
wind is 6 miles. The highest
velocity of the wind was 47
miles from the southwest on the
6th, 1894. .
Station, Portland, Oregon.
Date of issue, January 30,
1906. - , '
Edward A. Beals,
District Forecaster, Weather Bu
reau. ,
Easy to Initiate.
Under the initative sstem in
force in Oregon, it is compara
tively easy for any individual or
association possessed of a fair de
gree ot industry and a smali
amount of expense money for
printing to secure the submission
of almost any statute whatever to
the voters. The signature of
eight per cent of the voters,
about 7800 in this sate, are suf
ficient. The ease with which
signatures can be procured to
any public petition is proverbial.
An individual or association
with sufficient enthusiasm and
persistence will experience little
difficulty in securing the signa
tures of two electors out of every
twenty-five, and this regardless
ot the merits or public ulility of
the proposed measure. When
placed upon the ballot under a
plausible aud often misleading
heading, chosen by the friends ol
the measure, the chances of its
adoptiou are strengthened by the
implied argument that there is
apparently a public demand for
its' adoption as evinced by the
f.ict that the voters have found it
necessary to invoke so extaror
dinary a remedy as the initative.
Irngon Irrigator.
The Soldier's Friend.
'Twas to help the needy soldier
That they organized our corps ;
To help them aid their wives in need,
Simply that and nothing more.
We are organized under a charter,
' We cannot run the corps alone;
We must consult our higher officers,
Befors a charitable deed is done.
But if we are loval women,
We can prove it every day ;
With our mite to help the soldier
In place of monuments far away.
Tlie Yellow Fever Germ
Has recently been discovered. It
bears a close resemblance to the malaria
germ. To free the system of disease
eerms, the most effective remedy is Dr.
King's New Life Pills. Gu&rauteed to
cure all diseases due to malaria pci?on
aud coustipalian. Alien & Wood
ward's drug etcre.
&. Question Often Asked, but Difficult
- to Annrer. -
What dairy breed of cows shall I
choose? This is a question that is so
often asked and, in a way, never an
swered, for it is impossible for any one
to state what breed of cattle is the best
f.or some other man to choose, says
Hoard's Dairyman. There is a personal
factor which enters into the choosing
f all classes of things, cattle not ex
cepted. .
There are four distinct dairy breeds
of cattle namely, the Holstein, Jersey,
Guernsey and Ayrshire and good cows
tan be selected from any of- these
breeds. It should be borne in mind
that It is not alone the. breed that
makes good dairy cows, but judicious
selection and breeding of the individual
animals are equally necessary. In other
words, the pure breds must be selected
and culled if a strong, vigorous, large
producing and profitable herd is to be
maintained and developed. It is not
enough to say that an animal i3 a pure
bred, but it is quite as important to add
what she is capable of doing.
- Each dairy breed of cattle has its pe
culiar characteristics, and before a per
son chooses any one of the breeds he
should study the temperament, disposi
tion and chief characteristics of each
one. There are very few men who have
studied carefully the different traits of
the dairy breeds who have not formed
a personal preference, and in "most
cases would not be satisfied with any
of the other breeds, because their tem
peraments do not harmonize with his.
The selection of a breed must therefore
be left entirely to the individual, and it
Is our suggestion that our correspond
ent 'study carefully each breed before
any one is selected.
It would be a difficult task, if not im
possible, for us to write in detail the
characteristics of the dairy breeds, so
that a person could decide from read
ing the description of eacb which breed
he would prefer. We can say, however,
that the Holsteins are noted for their
large flow of milk,-which is moderately
rich in fat; the Jerseys and Guernseys
for a medium flow of milk, which is
rich in fat, and the Ayrshires standing
between the Holstein and jersey and
Guernsey, giving not as large a flow of
milk as the Holstein and not as rich as
the Jersey or Guernsey.
Raisins the Calf. j
A calf given alfalfa hay as soon as it
will eat it will make a better animal
than on any other roughness, says
Farm Progress. As good calves may
be raised on separated skimmed milk,
oil cake and alfalfa hay as can be pro
duced running with the cow. In addi
tion it -may be stated that oil cake and
alfalfa hay are cheaper than butter fat.
Gooil Care Pays.
All ill treatment of a cow makes her
milk less desirable and also decreases
her value permanently. Good care and
kindness toward her make for profit
for her owner.
Feeding the Milk' Makers
A question which naturally arises is
why will a cow give more milk' when
allowed to eat grass in a pasture than
when this same grass is cut and fed
in the stall? From our work it would
seem that this is so, says Frofessor
Doane of the Maryland experiment sta
tion. Two variations' occur in the two
different ways of feeding. . In one the
cow usually receives all her- forage in
two feeds per day; in the other she
may put in a large share of the day
gathering her feed. In one case the
feed may be slightly wilted, while in
the other it is, of course, eaten perfect
ly fresh. It is hard to see, however,
how either of these would materially
affect the milk. There seems to be a
chance for some experimental work for
determining the best method of feeding
soiling crops. There might be a chance
for improving the custom of feeding
twice a day only.
Good Feeding Pays.
A half starved cow Is never profit
able. Get good cows and feed well and
the results will always be satisfactory.
Feed For tle Dry Cow.
Bran is the safest feed that goes
down a cow' 9 throat; hay and bran
when she is dry. In ten days or two
weeks before calving she ought to be
gin to make a bag. Tl she does not on
four to six quarts of bran and all the
hay she can eat and her bowels are
right, commence to give her a handful
of cake meal; increase it to two hand
fuls and on up to a pint if necessary.
At every feed keep your eye on the
cow and her udder. It should not be
a big, red, Inflamed, ulcerous looking
thing, as hard as a brick and out of
shape, but a splendid pendent recepta
cle for milk, dignified for maternity.
Kev. J. D. Dietrich.
Pumpkins For Milk.
Give the cows plenty of pumpkins.
If fed with grain ration they will in
crease the milk flow. Farmers Advo
cate. . .
Cottonseed Meal.
If you have been in the habit of feed
ing the cows cornmeal or corn and cob
meal as the grain ration during the
winter season, get some cottonseed
meal and substitute one pint for a like
amount of the cornmeal. Gradually
come up to one quart of the cottonseed
meal, leaving out a like amount of
cornmeal, and note results. If the
sow's milk isjiot doubled, I am mistak
en, says A. J. Legg in Farm Journal.
A Milk RatioW
A ration composed of twenty pounds
clover and timothy hay, three pounds
each corn and cob meal anil bran and
a pound cottonseed meal would proba
bly suffice when fed to a good dairy
cow to produce twenty to twenty-five
bounds .of 4 per cent milk. Hoard's
v " - Swipes.' :
How civilized a 'man will look when
you are paying him "that little bill."
It is well to have consideration for the
man whose judgment was cut bias.
With Rassel Sage, at 9;), able to'make
$T5,CtO a day, Br Osier must feellikeeO.
Mr. Carnegie would like to he a feoy
Huain, but even he has not money enough
to buy i " "
A West Lynn oman told her husband
that the only up-te-date thing she has is
a 1906 calendar. , . "
The North Pole will probably be dis
covered by an airship, after the airship
has been discovered.
Mr. Bryan is letting off his audiences
easily. A Manila paper says he "gener
alized for an hour."
President Rooseyelt finds Virginia the
right-place for his resting times. "Ole
Virginny nebber tire.''
Free trade is a machine by which one
Vrnerhan starves another American, so
as tcsupport a foreigner.
Sometimt-s a divorce suit results from
ini Ompatibiiity, and sometimes it is
brought about bv combat ability.
A Rockaway florist has succeeded in
cultivating a green carnation, and has
heea advised to name it. after Hetty.
A wise Kansas Judge decides that a
'icwspaper is a necessity of life. It ap
pears to be when a form gets "pied."
The civiiization of the Indian may be
slow, but old Geroniina is going to set
there. He has just married his eighth
We know books by reading them,
horses by handling them, houses by liv
ing in them, and men by trusting them.
Aboye par State stocks and spoiled
boys. The latter are not only above par,
but above grandpa, and all the rest of
the family.
"All honor to Ben Franklin." says the
North Adams Transcript; ' It's a rare
man indeed who can retain a nickname
for 200 years." - - ' .
Moorefield Storey , says that wealthy
aeople are apt to be bad citizens. He
ought to know, for his clients are all of
that class.
"The meekest Moses in the whole lot,"
sa' s Josh Billings, "is the man who baz
found that he kant git the tLing that he
wants most."
The Amen !
lwithnt it.
S wedlock is a
summer Meld
that never
Jf b 1 o o m s , a
"Sl.3 1 Ac
3 night without
stars, a sermon
without a ben
ediction, a
prayer with
out an Amen.
There never
was a hus
band worthy of the name, who did not
aspire to be the latucr ana tne grand
father of healthy,' capable children, to
hand down his name and the fortune ac
cumulated by the sweat of his brow, from
generation to generation. There never
was a wife fit to bear that noble title, who
did not wish to wear womanhood's most
glorious crown, the sceptre of mother
hood. Thousands of wedded couples,
otherwise 4iappy, fall short of wedlock's
greatest happiness because they are child
less. In the maiority of cases, this is be
cause the wife, through ignorance or neg
lect, suffers from weakness and disease
of the organs distinctly feminine. For
women who suffer in this way there is
one great medicine that does not fail to
accomplish its purpose. It is Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription. It acts directly on
the delicate organs concerned and makes
them strong, healthy, vigorous and virile.
It allays inflammation, heals ulceration,
soothes pain and tones the shattered
nerves. It fits for wifehood and mother
hood. It quickens and vitalizes the dis
tinctly feminine organism. It banishes
the maladies of the expectant months and
makes baby's introduction to the world
easy and almost painless. In insures the
little new-comers health and nourish
ment in plenty. It is the best supportive
ton;c for nursing mothers.
Mrs. Jennie Parks, of Marshall, Spokane Co,
Wash., writes: Kl am glad to tell of the good
results of your great medicine Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription. It gives me strength.
I have no tired feeling' and my baby is the
picture of health. I feel better than I have
in ten s ears."
In cases of constipation Dr. Pierce's
Pleasant Pellets should be used as an ad
junct to "Favorite Prescription." They
are extremely simple, perfectly natural
and insure prompt and permanent relief.
Frightfully Burned.
Chas. W. Moore, a machinist, of Ford
City, Pa.,, had his hand frightfully
burned in an electrical furnace. He ap
plied Bucklen's Arnica Salve with the
usual result: "a quick and perfect cure."
Ureatest healer on earth for burns,
wounds, sores, eczema and piles. 25c. at
Allan & Woodward, drug-fists.
500 Telegraph
ers Needed.
Learn Telegraphy ,
and Railroad Accounting.
Tie activity iff railroad construjtion
throughout the Northwest has created a
largB demand for competent telegraph
operators. We teach . telegraphy, thor
oughly quickly, and secure positions for
our graduates. Salary $75 to $90 per ma
Tuifion fee low. For terms and particu
lars! write, Pacific Telegraph Institute,
Portland, Oregon . 10 17
Estray Notice.
3-tear-old red bull cam a to my premises
in JNpvember. Uwner please call and pay
pastjirsge and price of this notice. Twelve
milek southwest of O.rvallis.
916 William Park
HwaH 1 111
A caw must be kept comfortable.
Tlv.:t means Uiat she must be kept
t-.?::5. s;t;tl 2. P. Hull in an address to
?.ncXgr.'u- C&iryrcen. .'."You will excuse
tno for referring to my own business,
but, just to illustrate, it comes m nice
IjV for -I know more about my own
business than any other man's anyway. '
1 was buying cows, and a man who
was selling his product at the same
place I sold mine offered me a cow. 1 1
looked at her, and she looked like a j
good cow, so I bought her. After I had
bought her I asked, '"What is the mat- j
ter with this cow, that you wanted to
sell her?" There is no use in asking
before you buy a cow, but if you ask
afterward you may find out. I asked
this inr.n. and he said, "Well, she does
not give milk enough." He had five
o;h-:r cows, and he said this was the
poorest one. I took her home and put
her in the barn. The temperature in
my barn never gets down to freezing.
1 have a covered barnyard, and the
cows never get out from the time they
go injn the fall until they get out in
the spring. She freshened Oct. 8, and
a year from that day I had 14,000
pounds of milk, $140, from that one
poor cow. '
That was the best cow that man own
ed. What was the reason he did not
know it? IIe turned her out in the
morning, and, instead of covering her
ribs with fat to keep out the cold, she
stood there and shivered, and when she
was put under the right conditions she
was one of the best cows ever in the
state of Michigan and yielded a profit
like that
Just these three things let me say
again: What will make forty cows give
milk will make one cow give milk. This
applies to the one cow dairyman as
much as to the forty cow dairyman.
When you want a cow, get a good cow
and feed her all she can eat. There is
no use in keeping just a cow. It takes
$18 or $20 to keep her just a cow, and
after you pay $20 to run that machin
ery you must make that machinery run
to its maximum capacity.
Value of a. Fare Bred Sire.
The Nebraska Farmer in a very
thoughtful article, telling us as farm
ers where we are losing money every
day and year, names the scrub sire as
one of the greatest of these evils and
losses. Farmers who are accustomed
to figure, close know this is true, says
Hoard's Dairyman. A dairy farmer
not long since was telling us some of
his experiences in this line. In the last
twelve years he had purchased pure
bred Holstein bulls to head his herd to
the amount of $300.
He has sold grade Holstein cows and
heifers in that time to the number of
seventyfive, besides having the benefit
of the increasing production of his herd
in milk., which, he calculated, was $1,
500. He calculated that his grade ani
mals sold for at least $25 more because
of the pure bred blood that was in
them. His total cattle sales amounted
to $3,750. Twenty dollars apiece on
the seventy-five animals would amount
to $1,500. Add this sum to the in
creased milk value, and we have $3,000
as the direct result of buying pure bred
bulls instead of grades.
Typical Dutch Belted Cow.
The Dutch belted cow Echo II. has
a milk record of 12,528 pounds and 424
pounds of butter in one year, says
American Agriculturist, from which the
picture herewith shown is reproduced.
She won the championship over all
breeds as the best dairy cow in the
show at Batavia, N. Y., in 1902 and at
Hamburg, N. Y., in 1904. She is re
garded by the best judges as a cow
of remarkable dairy quality, and one
has but to look at her to see that she
Is wonderfully perfect in belt. She
has for four years beaten all females
of her own breed.
Bedding- For Cows.
The merits of different bedding mate
rials were tested quite thoroughly at
the Maryland station last winter. It
was found that the cheapest material
was sawdust at 25 cents per load,
allowing also 50 cents for hauling.
About twelve pounds of sawdust per
cow were needed when the cows were
kept. In the stable all the time. The
best absorbing material was wood
shavings, which, however, cost $6 per
ton, making the cost per year $4.81 per
cow. Good stover as bedding cost $3.65
per cow, requiring four pounds a day,
and nncuf wheat straw required five
pounds a day and cost $4.15 per year at
$5 per ton. The conclusion Is that
wherever sawdust can be obtained
within a reasonable distance it will be
the cheapest material. It kept the cows
cleaner than anything else and stayed
In place better. The only objectioa
was that it carried so much moisture
as to make it a little damp.
The Cow That Pays.
The cow that pays her owner $5 per
month for her board and lodging la a
star boarder and deserves . the best.
There are many such, cows and many
which are evea more profitable to their
Story Told1 a, Indiana Legislator
; Relating to School Days as a.
- Military Cadet.
Representative Branch, of the
Indiana legislature, tells this in
the Indianapolis Star: While at
tending as a cadet at the military
, school Branch was in the habit of
taking strolls through the neigh
borhoods, and on one of these he
says: "I was 'touched' by an old
fellow, whose tale of hard luck
w ould have melted a stone.
"'But, my good fellow,' I said.
'I haven't a cent with me this
morning. I spent my last pennv
last night and my check from
home won't reach me until to
morrow.' "The old man wasn't satisfied.
" 'Look through your pockets,'
he begged, 'maybe you'll find some
thing.' .. ' , .
" 'Well, if I've got any money in
these clothes you can have everj
cent of it,' I said to him, and I be
gan turning my pockets inside out
to show him that I was 'strapped.'
"Well, would you believe it, a
silver dollar dropped out of one o!
my pockets and rolled on the side
walk. "Delighted, the old man quick
ly grabbed " it up and said:
Thanks.' '
"He was much bigger than I and
I said: 'Certainly; I am glad 1
can help you, but really I didn't
know it was there.'
"All the way back to school I
wondered how the dollar came to
be in my trousers."
"And did you ever find out?"
asked another legislator.
"Oh, yes ; when I got back to my
room my roommate told me that I
was wearing his pants."
Published Every Day of Iho Year,
In those essential elements of enter
prise and progress which
go to make up
Designed Especially
!s Ably and Carefully Edited.
Its columns are replete TJ bright, spicy
gossip o' Coart towns and dllcs. t
It Worksfor the Welfare of the Slate.
A. Sixteen Paffe Paper.
Containing a report Of the week's leading
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A Healing Gospel.
Tr.- H :v J. (J. Warren, tas'or of the
Shi-ion irfptirt church Belair, Ga., says
! K ;!: Bitters: "It's a SodsenU to
niHi.Mmi It cured me ot lame back.
h ill' i', and complete physical col-'
l..-pe. I was so weak it look me half an
Hf ".hHc a mile Two bottles of
Eleciri.- Bilters have made me eo strong
1 I a e just walKtd three miles in 5U
ni iHi an1 feel like walking three
.:i it I. 's titarie a new man of ice."
:jirijU'- rumed fr weaknesses and all
,.cr. iver atid kidney complaints.
S. t'; m tier guarantee at Allen & Wood
war 'nig store, Price 50 cents.
L , Sutsd&y Rates Between
Icitland and Willamette'
Valley Points.
j . f said tj ip rates have been placed
in f between Portland and Willam-
a tv points, in either direction,
in!.--- II beeold
!: : iiti d to return on or before the
.i -. Monday . Rate to or from Cor
- :i (Won Southern Pacific
x r i- nlars. lOltf