PERISH IN CONVENT fourteen ; Women and Girls Are i y Earned to Death. RUSSIANS SEEKING TOGO. Baltic Heet Joined by Third Squadron . , of Five. Battleship.. Paris, April 21. If the French au- i thorities are to be believed, news of momentous import may be expected from the- Far East very soon, as, ac , , cording to Foreign Minister Delcasse, the Russian fleet under the command NO HELP WITHIN THEIR KEAIH fVice Admiral Rojensky sailed early on Thursday from Kamranh bay. tits destination is unknown, but it is -Sisters Give Up Their Lives in Effort sieved nere mat it win now sail, to RkiiHn 9nd Hln. endeavor to locate tne Japanese neet less Old Women. Montreal, April 22. The little vil lage of St. Genevieve is in mourning tonight over the loss of 14 lives in a fire which destroyed the convent of St. Anne there early today. One nun, nine children, ranging in age from 10 to 19, and four aged women, perished in the flames. Two nuns were so se verely burned that it is feared they will die. In their grief over the catastrophe, the villagers find some comfort in relat ing the heroism displayed by Sister Marie Adiuteur, who gave up her life, and Sister Marie Therese and. Marie Eobertine, who were perhaps latally burned in their efforts to save the lives of the children and helpless old women Bucket brigades were hurriedly form d by the villagers, but the fire had sained such headway that it was soon Apparent that there was no chance save the building from destruction. Sister Ragettera, in her efforts to save the lives of the children in her charge, succumbed to the smoke and flames. The pupils who perished were jn a portion of the building where the fire had obtained 'too much headway before the alarm was given , to enable those who responded to. effect their res cue. An effort was made to get Point Claire by telephone so that assistance could be. had from Montreal, - but for some reason no response was received irom Point Claire. Tne hre started about midnight in the old ladies' hospital, and the smoke was so thick that the children on the floor above were unable to get down. The convent was called Ste. Anne's. and was a branch of the convent of the -Sisters of Ste. Anne's of Lachine. The building was a gray stone structure and give battle. . Naval experts here believe that the third Pacific squadron of the Russian navy, which is commanded by Admiral Nebogatoff, has joined Rojestvensky, and that the. latter now has eight first class batlteships, three second-class battleships, three armored cruisers and a number of other vessels of not quite so good a type. He is also believed to have received large quantities of am munition which had been shipped to him some time ago, to have filled the coal bunkers of his ships, and generally PROTEST TO FRANCE Her In War with Japan. to have placed his command in condi-. port. tion to give a good account of itself. It is believed here that Admiral Jon- quieres, woo is in command of tne French naval force in the waters of French Cochin China, agreed to get a message to the Russian commander to day, and that the departure of the Rus sians followed. Such action has been expected, as the French authorities consider that the protest of Japan WILL.. USE HIS, TORPEDO .FLEET. Togo. Will Not Risk His,, Big Vessel Against the Russians. BrOken Neutrality May InVOWe the Japanese minister to Great Britain! expressed the opinion to the Associated Press today that Admiral Togo wonld not give battle to Admiral Rojestveri sky with his entire sauadron." bat WOULD MEAN AID OF ENGLAND would continue the cautious tactics which has characterized his attacks on the Port Arthur squadron, not because he feared defeat, but owing to his de sire to inflict the greatest amount of damage on the Russians with the least possible loss to himself. While confident of his ability to ac complish the total destruction of the' Russian squadron in a big battle, there is danger of Togo losing one or two 'of his big ships. Therefore, Baron Hay- ashi believes, Togo will employ his torpedo boats and torpedo boat destroy ers, which number more than 100 and are vastly superior to the Russian tor pedo boat flotilla, in harassing the Rus sians while gradually picking off the Russian warships. He said the coasts of Japan, Cores and Formosa lend themselves to night work with torpedo boats, while the narrow channels will make the maneu vering of large war ships difficult and dangerous. $ Conquest Great American Desert Russian Fleet Must Either Leave Kam ranh Bay or Fight Battle In the Harbor, Tokio, April 20. Japan is contem plating declaring war on France and calling 6n Great Britain for support, This action follows the sending of a formal protest to. France ' against the use by the Russian Baltic fleet of Kam ranh bay as a rendezvous and the coupling therewith of a statement that if France refrained from acting Japan will send a. fleet of war vessels to attack the Russians in the shelter of a neutral A conference of elders was held last night at which the entire situtaion was discussed. Immediately afterward the mikado was notified that the elders be lieved that the time had come when France should be forced to live up to her declarations of neutrality, and the note of protest was . drafted and for warded. ; 1 It is felt here that the situation is BREAKS ALL RECORDS. to against Russia's using neutral waters extremely grave, and there is no doubt to recoal and refill depleted ammuni tion magazines was well founded, and, if Russia has been asked to move by the French commander in the Far East, a difficult situation has been cleared up. CHINA AGREES TO PAY UP. REFUSE TO PAY TAXES. Igorrotes Cannot See Necessity for Helping to Support Government Seattle, Wash. .April 22. If the Philippine commission attempts to en force the collection of taxes among the Igorrotes, trouble will be experienced. Twice the date for commencing the pav- ment of taxes has been postponed, and ach time the natives have concluded that the American government does not dare to attempt the enforcement of the commission's decree. During the time the islands were un Will -Make Good Deficit in Indemnity Due to Fall in Silver. New York, April 21. After two years' discussion, the powers and China will sign an agreement today, accord ing to a Herald dispatch - from Pekin, regarding the payment of the deficit in the indemnity due to the fall in the price of silver, and providing for the future payment of the indemnity in gold. The agreement comprises three para graphs, and briefly stated sets forth that China is to pay 15 days after the signature of the document the sum of $6,000,000 and interest at 4 per cent on this amount from January 1, 1905, which sum is to be accepted in full payments of all deficits due to the change from silver to gold. In the second paragraph China agrees to sign immediately fractional gold bonds, expressing the amounts due to each country in the coinage of that country. By the third paragraph China under takes in the future to pay the amount due each year in 12 equal monthly in' stallments, credited every six months China will be allowed interest at 4 per that if France does not act quickly the consequences will be far-reaching. A dispatch from Sasebo states that a Japanese squadron is getting in readi ness there to sail for Kamranh bay and attack the Russians there, while Ad miral Togo continues to hold the pass age toward the Pacific. It is reported that an American and a British squadron is in touch with the Russians, watching for violations of neutrality or the endangering of British and American shipping. The belief is growing here that the stay of the Russian fleet in Kamranh bay was pre arranged. .. THEY RESIGN UNDER FIRE. der (Spanish control no attempt was made to collect taxes from the Igor- I cent on the monthly payments made in rotes and other so-called non-Christian I advance of these biennial periods tribes. Spanish officials were unable China will pay also in gold bullion, to penetrate very far into the Igorrote gold drafts or telegraphic transfer of country, and the wild tribesmen have silver at the average monthly London never contributed toward the expenses rates, each foreign government select- of white government Chief Fomeloey, the leader of the Igorrote party now in Seattle on the way to the Portland exposition, whose selection by his tribe for the journey indicates his popularity, is strongly opposed to the collection of taxes. He is regarded as a rich man among the Igorrote tribes, owning about 200 head ing the method it prefers. PARDEE NAMES THE DAYS. Accused Examiners Who Gave Pen sions to Carpet Soldiers. Washington, April 20. Nine of the ten pension examiners constituting the board of review were separated from the government .service today. ' Com missioner of Pensions Warner trans mitted the nine resignations to Secre tary Hitchcock, with the recommenda tion that they be accepted, and Mr Hitchcock took the desired action with out delay. The resigned examiners assert that representations were made to them, purportinsg to come trom tne commis sioner, that should they hand in their resignations, the matter would be re lieved and restorations would be made at some date in the near future. Mr, Warner, however, made no such repre sentation to the secretary ot the . inter ior. The difficulty involving the board of review was its approval of several pensions to applicants whose only claim was enlistment in a Pennsylvania and a New Jersey regiment of volun teers for service in the Civil war, but the services of whom were never availed of by the government. MORE FIRMS ARE INVOLVED. Steamer Minnesota Crosses Pacific in - Very Fast Time, Seattle, April 19. The .steamship Minnesota, of the Greats Northern Steamship company's Seattle-Oriental fleet, and the largest freighter carrier afloat, reached port last night, on her return voyage from the Orieni, having broken all trans-Pacific records on her trip across. The Minnesota's time from Yokohama was 13 days, 21 hours and five minutes. Among her passengers were a number of Russian officers and their wives be ing sent home on parole from shang hai, whither they were taken at the time of the capture of Port Arthur. There were also a number of American army officers coming from Manila, either on leave or under orders to re port at Washington, D. C. Altogether the Minnesota brought 162 passengers, 47 of whom were first-class, and a little more than 7,000 tons of general freight, of which hemp formed the MUST HAVE TRIBAL TIES. What Indian Children Can Have Share in Lands. Washington, April 19. Indian Com missioner Leupp today promulgated the order defining what children of Indian parentage are entitled to share in lands and annuities of various Western tribes. Under his instructions all children whose parents are both In dians may share in these benefits, as may all children whose mothers mar ried white men, provided the mother is still a recognized member of the tribes and affiliates with its members. Whenever an Indian woman, after marriage to a white man', has with drawn and is no longer identified with her tribe, her children are not entitled to lands of annuities allowed that tribe NEUTRALITY IN PHILIPPINES. National , Irrigation Congress Wilt Be Held August 21-24. Sacramento, Cal., April 21. Gover- MiTahan and a Mimaivtiitinnlv Ibma I ' amount of land. ' ' ' I"i8ation ?? ha ? n The carabao of the- Igorrotes are worm irom s o to s iuu gold and are raised more for food purposes than as Deans oi Durden. in the lower pro vinces the carabao are trained to work, and are worth twice as much as the Igorrote animals. It is impossible to explain the neces sity of taxation to Fomeloey, who sturdily, insists his people never paid taxes and gain nothing by contributing to the government. Wants a German Jury. Chicago, April 22. Johann Hoch, on trial for the murder of one of his wives, Marie Walcker Hoch, expressed a desire today for German jurors to try him. The confessed bigamist already had secured a change of venue to get before a derman judge. With a Ger man jury, Hoch professes ' to believe that he will succeed in getting his liberty. When the hearing was re sumed counsel for Hoch made a motion to quash the indictments was overruled by Judge Kersten. animation of venire then began. nouncement that the next session of the congress will be held in Portland, from August 21 to 24. The session is to follow shortly after the Trans-Missis sippi congress, which - takes place from August 16 to 19. Governor Pardee states that he ex pects this meeting to be one of the most interesting as , well as the most important. The United States Re clamation service will be one of the subjects of discussion. There is some hope that President Rooqevelt will at tend the session for one day, and Presi dent Diaz, of Mexico, has also been in vited. An effort will be made to have both dignitaries present on the same day. Not Enough Money to Pay Them Washington, April 21. -On account of the shortage of last year's appropri ation, Commissioner Richards, of the General land office, has found it neces sary to dispense temporarily with the services of 17 of the 80 special agents The motion of that bureau. They have been merely Ex- Turning Russian Right. St. Petersburg, April 22. A dis patch from Gunshu-'pass says the Rus sians have discovered a turning move ment 80 miles northeast of- Kuan- chengtsu, about 30 miles northeast of Gunshu pass, by two forces, each of 3,000 Chinese bandits, several thous and Japanese cavalry and 22 guns, Kuanchengtsu is identical with Chang chun, the extreme right of General Linievitch's main front, which extends thence toward Kirin. Gives Hints to Homesteaders. Washington. April 22. Commis sioner Richards, of the general land supplies to the armies in the field, even furloughed, and will be restored to the service when the new appropriation bill becomes .available on July i next The suspensions have been made in locations where there were more than one agent. It is believed the service will not be materially crippled. Japanese Accumulating Stores. Yinkow, April 19, via Tientsin, April 21. few transports are now arriving at Niuchwa-ig. This contrast with the rush of traffic since the opening of the Liao river indicate that precautions are being taken against possible interfer ence by the Russian Pacific squadron, Vast accumulations of stores have al ready been made along the Japanese lines of communication, assuring - full Chicago -Strike is Spreading and All Efforts at Conciliation Fail. Chicago, April 20.-Although influ ences axe still at work in the hope that an amicable adjustment of the difficulty existing between the teamsters and Montgomery; Ward & Co., can be reached, the - indications tonight are that the strike of the teamsters will spread to other concerns. . Todav 150 drivers employed by the E. M. Forbes Teaming company were - ordered ' on strike because the firm insisted on mak ing deliveries to Montgomery, Ward & Co. President Spear, of the Inter national Brotherhood of Teamsters, de clared tonight that he would order out air drivers engaged by firms that insist on delivering supplies to the big store. Barrett Has Resigned. Washington, April 20. John Bar rett, of Portland, Or., United States minister to Panama, has saved the State department the embarrassment of ordering his recall. He has asked that he be relieved of his post, so that he may retire from" the diplomatic corps. The government has ' been dissatisfied with some of Mr. Barrett's acts.sand it was decided month ago that he should be succeeded at Panama by Judge Charles Magoon, of the Insular bureau, but it was the intention to assign him to another post. ''' Admiral Train is Haying All Waters Well Patrolled. Manila, April 19. Admiral Train, determined to maintain the neutrality of the Philippine waters, will immed iately dispatch additional vessels to patrol the Basilan straits, as a result of the reports that both Russian and Japanese vessels have been sighted there. Saturday the United States gunboat Qulros was sent to inspect six Russian colliers . which are reported to be lying in the gulf J of Lingayen . A gunboat is also scouting for Japanese A report lias reached here that 16 Japanese cruisers have been sighted off Sampalok point. The cruisers are said to be scouting in force for stray scouts, ships and colliers of the Russian fleet. Great Snowstorm in Wyoming. Denver, April 20. At midnight it was announced that all telegraph and telephone wires leading into Cheyenne were down as. result of a heavy fall of wet snow. Previous to this, however, the Postal Telegraph company had one newsboys in the stairway of the Ma: Judge Upholds the Law. Denver. April 19. Judge N. Walter Dixon, , in the District court toaay, up held the constitutionality of the law of 1897 relating to building and loan associations, under which President E M. Johnson and ' other officers of the defunct . Fidelity Savings association have been indicted on charges of mak ing false reports. The law was at tacked by Johnson's attorneys on the ground that the. legislative records con cerning its passage were incomplete, a leaf apparently having been torn from the journal of the house. Fifty Boys Were-Injured.---' I Indianapolis, April 19.. No deaths have been added to the list of four boys that lost their lives in the crush . of " Great Irrigation Project. Surveys have been completed for thirteen great Irrigation projects In as many different States, contemplating the reclamation of 1.131,000,000 acres of desert land, at a cost of $31,395,000, or afi average of $27.26 per acre. The land thus Improved will be sold to the public at that price In ten annual in stallments, and thus the entire amount of-money expended will be refunded to the government. The President Is greatly gratified at the rapid progress that is being made by the irrigation bureau. Contracts have been let and thousands of laborers are already em ployed In Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Ne braska, Nevada and New Mexlo. The law allows enough land to each settler to support a family. . No cash payments are required; no commuta tions, but the settler must actually five on it and cultivate it for five years and pay $2.60, an acre each year for ten years, when he will receive i title to the land and own the water rights without additional payments. Private land which receives the ben efit of the water must pay at the same rate -$2.60 per acre for ten years. After ten payments the owner of the land will have the water rights free of cost for all eternity. The land is good for alfalfa, sugar beets, potatoes and all the root crops and fruits of the temperate zone. It is only twelve hours from San Francisco by rail, fifty miles from the capital of Nevada, and is surrounded by mining settlements in every direction. Part of the land reclaimed will be the old Forty-Mile Desert, or Carson's Sink, which was a horror" of early em igrants the worst' spot on the over land trail; and was lined the entire distance with the bones of men .and animals. Thousands of poor creatures died there from thirst and exhaustion. Farmers who plow there now turn up in almost every furrow gun barrels which were driven into the earth to mark graves and have since been burled deep in the drifting sands. As an illustration of the perversity of na ture, the engineers who have been lay ing out the proposed irrigation, system have found an abundance of cold, pure water a few feet below the surface wherever they have made borings. All of this desert will be redeemed, and when the present proposition Is fin ished the works will be extended to the Humboldt and Walker rivers, which will bring several hundred thou sand acres more under irrigation and make a paradise of what Is now' the most desolate spot In Nevada. How One County Was Redeemed. Thirty-two years ago there was only one house in the town of Fresno, in the central desert of California, says a writer In the World's Work. A hole was dug under It, forty feet deep, into which the inmates lowered themselves by a bucket-and a windlass, to escape the heat of the day. Around It, as far as the eye could see, stretched the glaring desert, unbroken by any culti vated spot of green. The whole coun try seemed a hopeless waste dead and profitless. To-day this spot is the center of a cheerful community of 8,000 homes, in a land made fertile by Irrigation. Ten thousand children attend its public schools. The -Industries there yield $14,000,000 annually. The ralsm crop of 1902 put Into the fanners bank accounts $2,800,000. All the raisins imported Into the United States in 1902 amounted in value to only $400,000. In 1902 the oil wells of Fresno County yielded 070,- 000 barrels of crude petroleum, worth $200,000 before refining. . Eighty-nine thousand head of cattle graze on its rich alfalfa. When the few straggling fortune- hunters came to the county late in the 60' s they were welcomed by this sign hung over Fresno's one building Bring your horses. Water, one bit; water and feed, three bits." Fresno was a "watering station" only. In 1872, however, M. J. Church conceived the idea of bringing water in ditches from Kings river, twenty miles away. to irrigate the land. His proposal was laughed at as a dreamer's scheme. But persistence won; in 1876 he" had water on land within three miles of the town of ' Fresno, and the first year's crop proved the soil to be fertile.. The area or watereu grouna was rapidly ex tended. To-day there are 360,000. acres under Irrigation. - through fib long-winded debate whlcfij South ; American , politicians nevei' offering a word of his own, and at the end of each session be put on those tight boots again and went back ' to his cheap hotel. " Of course he had never worn boots before. Nobody does wear them In Los Andes. It goes without saying that the sav age from the back of beyond was the butt of his colleagues in Congress. Most of them are now dead, slain on the battlefield, or rotting in the fright-' ful dungeons beneath the old fort at Maracaibo, or in exile in Curacoa, Paris, Bogota or New York. Ciprlano Castro came back to Cara cas at the head of an army made up of his muleteer and smuggling friends. He started his revolution with precise ly 23 men at his back. It was local at first, but he won small victories and then big ones, until in the course of three months he had drawn enough men to his standard to be able to ad vance on Caracas, and fight for the presidency. , When he was In sight of the city an accident happened that would have ruined the chances of any other revo lutionist He was thrown from his horse and broke both his legs. The government army was facing hia forces. From a horse litter he direct ed the battle, won a great victory, and subsequently bought over the govern ment general. Then he marched into office, has prepared a circular to be sent to entrymen under the homestead law giving them minute instructions as to how to proceed under the law to perfect their claims. This never before has been done and the ignorance of the homesteaders and their attorneys has -'caused much confusion. . . if the transport service is interrupted. Stock Transfer Tax Law. Albany, April 21. Gov. Higgins to- night signed the stock transfer bill im posing a stamp tax of 2 cents on each $100 of par value, of all corporation stock securities sold or transferred, wire wonting ana information came that trains were running behind the schedule. It is impossible to learn any- details, but it is known that the storm was unusually heavy over South ern Wyoming. - British Engineer Named, Washington, April 20. Sir Morti mer Durand, the untisn amnassaaor, today informed Secretary Taft that the British government had, at the secre tary's invitation, selected Chief Engin eer Hunter, the builder of the Man chester ship canal, to act as one of the consulting engineers of the Panama ca nal board. ! -. ., 't .. : . i . sonic building last night, eager to ob tain free theater tickets for a perform ance at the theater. The revised list of the injured shows that no fewer than 50 were more or less injured. Of this number, fully 25 were seriously crushed and the death list may be in creased , Fifty Hurt In Strike Riot. Wheeling, W. Va., April 19. Fifty men were hurt in a fight between 60 nonunion men from Pittsburg ud 150 strikers from the Whitaker mill, Clubs, stones, knives and pistols were used, . but. the, nonunion men finally scored 1A getting into the mill. ; ... , CASTRO A REMARKABLE MAN. Began Bevolntion with 23 Hen and Fought II ib War to Presidency. For a little South American dictator CIpriano Castro, President of Venezue la, is making a lot of trouble In the world of International politics. In many ways, writes-William Thorp in the New York Tlmes,he Is a remark able man. He first appeared in Cara cas, the capital, several years ago as a legislator. He was sent to Congress as a deputy from the State of Los An des, his native place. His fellow mule teers and cattle smugglers elected him, and at that time he knew prac tically nothing of life outside of the mountain village in which he was born. Only one memory of his brief career as a legislator is preserved. Day by day he went to the hall of Congress In a tight-fitting- pair of very . shiny patent leather shoes. As soon as he was "comfortably seated he bent down and" removed, them from his cramped feet and placed them on the desk in front of - him. He , sat , patiently PRKSIDENT CABTKO. Caracas, made himself President, and suppressed a revolution almost before he could manage to bobble around. All the ministers slavishly Imitate Castro in everything. He is not only President, but Lord High Everything Ellse in Venezuela. The heads of all departments, the members 'of the Leg islature, and even the judges are mere ly his puppets. Castro is supremely ignorant of the affairs of other nations. He has never seen but one battleship in his life up . to the time of the International episode of 1902 and he speaks with contempt of the power of Germany, Great Brit ain and other foreign nations. Castro is very democratic. He never surrounds himself with guards or se cret service men, though he has ae many deadly enemies as a Russian grand dnke. But he always carries a revolver In the top left-hand pocket of his frock coat So far as is known, only one attempt has been made to as sassinate him. It was when he was riding through the streets of Caracas, soon after he became President The mart's shot missed him', but he put a bullet ..through the man's leg before any of his suit realized what was hap pening. Then he not only magnani mously pardoned the -fellow, but actu ally sent his own doctor to attend t him. Castro is undoubtedly the strongest man in Venezuela to-day and there is no one as yet in sight who is power ful enough to oust him from the presi dential chair.- ... , - Discovery of Peat Bathe. The discovery of the value of peat baths was made -accidentally many years ago. On the coast of France there lived at one time a poor family. The father of the family eked out a scanty living by killing aged rattle and divesting them of their skins. The ghastly remains he sold-to tanners and refiners. ' " : v ' . : Of the. three children which belong ed to this couple one was a poor crea ture, delicate and wretchod and appar ently half-witted. The mother was so ashamed of this boy that she- couldf not bear to have the child in her sight Consequently he spent most' of lila time half clothed and badly fed, roll ing about in the peat bogs which were behind the cottage. Little by little it was noticed that the child was Im proving In health, that his skin wa becoming as fair and soft as a peach, his eyes bright and his spirits and ac tions those of a strong, healthy boy Instead of a half-witted little animal. r The old country physician on one-of- his rounds noticed the Improved condition of the boy and mentioned the fact and the 'cause at a medical conference in Paris. The result was the use of the peat bath, which leaves far behind any other kind of hydro therapies cure known to this day and its success Is becoming greater each season. We don't know much, but we know too much to play a slot machine, and. every man ought to have as muebs sense as we have. The cards are stacked against you when you play slot machine. i Take care of your . pennies jwhlle young and give some chap a chance to bunko you out of your- dollars when, you get old.