CORVALLIS GAZETTE duetto Publishing Co. CORVALLIS. OREGON NEWS OF THE WEEK Id a Condensed Form for Busy Readers. Our A Resume of the Less Important but Not Less Interesting Events of the Past Week. FIND THE TRUTH. Bitter cold marked the incoming oj the new year throughout the old world. A British steamer has just arrived at New York with a cargo of 1,100 tons of European wheat. The Oklahoma statehood bill will come before the senate immediately after the' holiday recess. Sev.eral torpedo boats escaped from Port Arthur and took refuge at Shang hai just prior to the surrender of the fortress. Before surrendering Stoessel sunk the damaged warships in Port Arthur harbor. The Japanese severely criti cise this. Now that Port Arthur has fallen the bulk of the besieging army will be sent north, but some of them will go home. The army before Port Arthur is vari ously stated as being between 70,000 otiA ion rtnn man If Senator Mitchell follows the inex orable rule of seantorial etiquette, he will not appear on the floor of the sen ate again until the courts have taken . final action in the matter of the indict ment against him. The cotton mill strike at Fall River, Mass., continues with both sides deter mined not to give in. The grind of the Federal grand jury goes on, and another report for the expectant public will soon be made. Silver is growing scarce. The price has rdvanced, and the market is such that the consumer waits on the pro ducer. " Chicago held memorial services De cember 80 in remembracne of the Iri quois theater disaster, the occasion be ing the first anniversary. Preparations are being made at Vlad ivostok for the" reception in the dry docks of any of, the Baltic squadron il i J 3 H 1 XI-- XI L inai may neeu aocKing wiien mo iieet reaches that port. The London city police have arrested two members of an international gang which for two or three years is alleged to have been conducting extensive forg eries in 5 Bank of England notes. Boston's submarine tunnel is open for business. The tube is a mile and a half long, and connects Boston and East Boston, running under the harbor. The cost was three million dollars. About three and one-nan years was consumed in constructing the tunnel Owing to the crisis in Morocco, the French navy yards show great activity. England is again enveloped in a heavy fog andgall ships are detained at -the mouth of the Thames, unable to proceed. Admiral Kazankoff has been recalled as Russian commissioner in the North sea inquiry and will be replaced by Vice Admiral Doubasoff . Sickness is given as the reason. The Montana agricultural exhibits at St. Louis are being packed for, ship ment to Portland.' The mineral ex hibit will leave Butte for the Lewis and Clark fair Bhortly. Kuropatkinis absolutely certain that he will ultimately win over the Japan ese, while the vice governor of Japan's national bank says Japan must win; that no sacrifice is too great. The Japanese attempts to raise the Russian cruiser Variag have been dis continued. It will be impossible to re commence work before spring, by which time the steel plates forming the hull :n i l Will UO UBWICBB. 111U J 1V1 wullUDDUlg U 1 1 VI UMQ ' . given certificates of election to two Re publican senators, whose places were contested by Democrats. Democrats regard it as highly probable that Gov- . ernor Peabody will be reseated by this action. Prince Yildaroff hasf been reported as among the killed in a" recent list sent to St. Petersburg. The recent retirement of Rear Ad miral Silas Terry -has resulted in the promotion of Captain .Joseph E. Craig to be admiral. An officer from an English steamer just out from Vladivostok says no Rus sian torpedo boats have .arrived there from Port Arthur. " of Lake Michigan indicate that the damage resulting from the storm wlil aggregate $500,000. The president is presenting his ideas on railroad freight, rates to congressmen personally. An - unknown steamer has been stranded in Hell's Hole, off Cape Hat teras, as a result of the storm raging "- along the Atlantic coast. - Two Japanese cruisers have been . sighted off Hong Kong. It is believed t'aey are scouting vessels from the fleet Bent after the Russian Baltic squadron M. A. Meyerdorff, a special land - agent, on the way to Portland to help in the land fraud! cases, attempted to - commit suicide at Denver. Denver. Election Frauds to be Probed to the Bottom. Denver, Jan. 4. Stretching its hands so as to cast a shadow over every man and woman in any way implicated in election frauds in the city and county of Denver( on, before or after Novem ber 8, the supreme court has ordered an investigation so sweeping - in its scope that every phase of the election may be scrutinized and everything that bears upon it in any way may be made known by judicial inquiry. Alva Adams, Democratic candidate for governor, who appeared from the returns to have been elected, but who has declared that he does not want the office tainted with fraud, asked the court to open every Denver ballot box, but the order of the court goes beyond the mere examination of the ballots and provides for an investigation of the registration lists, the campaign expen ditures, and, in brief, all election matters. Samuel W. Belford, attorney for Adams, and Henrv J. Hersey, at torney for the Republicans, asked the court to make its. order of such breadth that the court need not stop at anything in the investigation. The court said that was what it meant to do, and in structed the lawyers to agree upon the wordine of the order, and present it to the court for arpoval. Chief Justice Gabbert said that while the petition did not state facts entitling the petitioner to such, an in vestigation as proposed, the court had decided that an investigation might end in discovering the guilty persons OREGON STATE ITEMS OF INTEREST A GENERAL MOVE. ALL ARE BUYING CATTLE. ROAD TO SWEEPSTAKE. Railway From Medford Crater Lake Route.' Along Good Prices and Brisk Market Pre- New vail in Grant County. John Day Uattle . buying among Medford For several months past Grant county stockmen has been quite the bouthern Oregon Development com active since the heavy sales last fall. So many engaged in this rather un usual form of stock transaction that the home supply became practically exhausted some time ago, and they are reaching out into the surrounding territory. The bulk of the business was carried on very quietly, and re sulted in a good ' many surprises. Growers who make a practice of selling off young stock were approached by local buyers, and asked whether they knew of any such for sale in their neighborhood. The reply was general ly that they had bought up all to be found. Conditions favor this demand. Prices have been down to bedrock, close sales of fat stock had been general throughout the county, and feed and pasture are unusually plentiful.- . Izee cattlemen have made the largest pur chases of young stock and steers, and several large bands have been taken in to that section for wintering. Henry Trowbridge and Johnny Laycock have just driven 436 head of steers over to their pastures in that valley. They were purchased chiefly in the Burnt fiver country, at prices ranging from pany has been engaged in running sur veys, securing rights of way, and doing other preliminary work toward the building of a railroad to the big timber belt located about 20 miles east of Medford, on the Crater lake road. The surveys have been made from thesite of the Butte Falls Mining company's plant to a point on the des ert some eight miles from Medford, and rights of way have been secured over most of the route. The Medford and Crater Lake Railroad company has been oragnized by A. A. Davis, B. F. Adkins, J. M. Keene, R. H. White head, B. H. Harris, W. F. Enthrop and W. I. Vawter. Articles of incor poration were prepared and filed with the secretary of state. The capital stock of the incorporation is placed at $500,000, and its object is to construct and operate a railroad from Medford east to the timber belt and Crater Lake. This company supersedes the South ern Oregon Development company, and takes over the rights of way, surveys, etc., of that company. A permanent organization, with eleection of officers will soon be made. w iiu vvcic icopuiioiuio iui vm? vvmmio- $25 VQT head sion of the gross frauds that had been 1 - revealed in the contempt proceedings. There must have been some persons be hind the election officers and others who committed frauds, the court be lieved. IRRIGATION FRON BIG WELLS GUILTY ONES DISCHARGED. Ball Cartridges Among Blanks Are Traced to the Packers. . Washintgon, Jan. 4. As the result of investigation made by direction of General Crozier, chief of ordnance, it has been ascertained that among the 1,750,000 blank cartridges issued last summer to the regular and militia troops which took part in the manoeuv- ers at Manassas, Va., and in California, two ball cartridges were found, one at the Virginia camp and the other in California. The person who packed the California cartridge was traced by the initials on the box and was prompt ly discharged. In the Virginia case it was impossible to find the offender. As an additional precaution, all the blank cartridge cases at the Frankford arsenal have been overhauled and weighed, with the result that one ball cartridge was found. In that case the person who packed the case was dis- harged. - To guard against the possibility of such an, occurrence, General Crozier has directed that each box of blank cartridegs shall be weighed before seal ing. The presence of a ball cartridge can be easily detected by this method. Gold Found Near Mosier. The Dalles Parties from Mosier, who were in The Dalles say considera ble excitement has been caused in Mosier over the discovery ot gold on the head of Mosier creek. A man named Thomas is reported to have come into Mosier a few days ago with a handful of gold that he stated he had dug out of the ground five or six miles south of the town. Thomas is said to be a responsible person, and his report of finding a valuable mine is given cre dence by the people who know him Several residents of Mosier have gone to the vicinity of the reported find, in tending to locate claims if the alleged mine proves to'be what Thomas repre sents it to be. ' New Company at Work. Grants Pass The Michigan Mining & Milling company, which recently bought a large tract of mineral ground on Applegate creek, of Murphy district, near Grants Pass, has gone enterpris ingly to work under the supervision of W. T. Perry, of Portland, in the devel opment of the property. The land em braces much good timber, water right and quartz and placer diggings. The quartz ledges will be given especial at tention by the Michigan company,' as the veins give promise of unusual worth. Buildings" and quarters for the workmen will be erected at once, and the opening up of the claims will pro ceed with the best possible dispatch Scheme To Be Tried Out by Interest ed Parties Near Freewater. Freewater A. C. Brannon and J. B. Twelliger, who reside west of this place, are sinking wells to irrigate tracts of hitherto unimproved lands to. the west and north of Freewater.' The water will be pumpec with gasoline propelled pumps, for distribution over the land. Therev are at least 1,000 acres tributary to freewater which are idle for the lack of water. The Walla Walla river has been appropriated by persons having riparian , rights, and only by sinking wells can a supply be obtained. . The Freewater section seems to have once been the head of a lake, and the gravel has so accumulated that water percolates as though through a sieve, winter irrigation seems to have the de- Sired effects in soil of sufficient density to grow crops without summer irriga tion, but this soil needs water through the hot months. WHIP WIFE-BEATERS. Washington Grand Jury Adopts the President's Suggestion. Washington, Jan. 3. The local grand jury in making its final report for the present term of the supreme court of the District of Columbia today recommended the establishment of whipping-posts in the district. The question has been much agitated ever since the president in his last annual message recommended corporal punish ment for" wife-beaters m the District of Columbia. The recommendation of the jury was as follows: The efficacy of establishing the whipping-post as a means of punishing wife-beaters and petty larceny offenses has been investigated by this body, and the majority of the members are of the opinion that it would prove very effect ive in reducing the number of these reprehensible crimes." . Coming Events. Inland Empire Sunday school insti tute, Pendleton, January 30. Animal shows, Polk County Goat, Poultry and Sheep association, Dallas, January 19-20; poultry Bhow, New- berg, January 10-13; poultry show Albany, January, 18-21, State Horticultural society, Portland, January 10-11. .prohibition oratorical -.League con test, McMinnville, April 14. . National American Woman Suffrage association, Portland, June 22-28. Jjewis and tJiark Centennial exposi tion, Portlaand, June 1-October 15, Line Into Nehalem. . Astoria While no information of an official nature can be obtained, there is an authentic report that the Astoria & Columbia River Railroad company has purchased the six miles of logging road built by the Benson Logging company at Clatskanie, and is preparing to ex tend it into the Nehalem valley, as an excellent grade can be found in that section. The road, which is of Stand ard guage, was built and equipped for conducting logging operations. Re cently all the logging trains were taken off, and the line is now used exclusive ly by the railway in hauling freight to Clatskanie and vicinity. Bandits Are Supreme. Paris, Jan. 4. The measures' con templated by the French government for the security of the neighborhood of the towns in Morocco have not yet been completed, partly owing to the fact that there has not yet been the time necessary for the purpose since France first undertook the task, and partly be cause many matters of detail remain to be settled when the French represent- ative, M. Saint-Rebe Taillander, meets the sultan at t ez at the end of the month. Oriental dilatoriness also counts for something in the delay. Coal for Russian Fleet. Bombay, Jan. 4. Russian agents here are endeavoring-to purchase 100 tons of coal and to charter .: vessels to carry it. Up to the present no ship ments have been made, but it is- be lieved that the British steamer Henry Bolckow, of 639 tons net, owned by the Bombay & Persian steam naviagtion company, limited, of Bombay, ha been sold to Russia. She has sailed hence in ballast for Saigon, French Cochin China. " : . Two Cruisers Return. St. Petersburg, Jan. 4. A report that the cruisers Orel and Izumrud, of the second Pacific squadron, have been ordered to return is current here, but lacks official confirmation; If the re port should prove true, Vice Admiral Rojestvensky may be obliged to await reinforcements from the Third Pacific squadron. , 1 Diphtheria Under Control. Grants Pass The health officers of the cityave the diphtheria epidemic, manifest here for several weeks past, well under control. The original 13 or 14 cases have now been reduced to five or six, and most of -these are on the way to recovery. - Five deaths'occurred. Strict quarantine regulations have been enforced upon those afflicted and upon the inmates of . residences where the disease has been. Coming at - Christ mas time, the dread caused a. consider able falling off in the anticipated holi day shopping. , To Enlarge Brick Plant. Eugene After a year' or ''more -of planning and experimenting, Messrs Martin & Mack, who own the brick yard on Wallace butte, near this city, have finally completed., arrangements to enlarge their plant to a great ex tent. They intend to put up a large building, a new mud mill to be secur ed, and several other pieces of machin ery, which will make their plant com plete. The new plant will be a great addition to Lane county. Reserve Land Restored. Oregon City By the recent order of the Interior department there is rein stated for public entry substantially thesame acreage in the Cascade forest reserve that was withdrawn about one year ago, pending an investigation by the department; Much of this land, having been restored to settlement, will be open to settlers within, three months through the Oregon City land office. Power for Trolley Roads. Eugene Chief Engineer Diers, of the Willamette Valley Electric Rail way company, is now preparing to put a force of men at work at Martin's Rapids, on the McKenzie river, where the waters are to be taken out by means of a flume and conducted to the site selected for the power station some distance below. The engineer esti mates that 5,000-horsepower will be developed, which, he thinks, will be sufficient for operating the entire sys tem of electric roads as planned at the present time. Bores for Artesian Water. Baker City W. L. Vinson, manager of the Emma mine, a few miles east of this, city, has begun to bore an artesian well to obtain water for te mine. The work is being watched with a great deal of interest by a number of people who own land in the vicinity of the mine, it Mr. Vinson succeeds m pro curing water it will demonstrate the fact that perhaps other land can be brought under cultivation by boring wells f oi irrigation Prize-Packed Fruit. J La Grande The Oregonian Produce company, of La Grande, has been awarded first honors by a committee of over 50 commission men'and dealers in San Francisco, for the best packed fruit, competing with Colorado, Cali fornia, Washington and Idaho. A. A. Gust, manager of the company in this city, has just returned from San Fran cisco. . -' - . . . Year's Work Shows Progress. Cottage Grove The year that has just passed. finds the Bohemia mining district in advance of . the years that have gone by." There' has been no boom, but lots of good hard work that showed when the books were closed at the end of the year. The quantity and quality of the ores are satisfying to the owners. President is Making Several Changes Among Ambassadors. , Washington, Jan. 3. President Roosevelt is devoting some time at present to consideration of important appointments in the diplomatic and consular service, which are to be made formally by him at the beginning of next March. Secretary Hay had a conference with the president today be fore the meeting of the cabinet, and it is understood that the matter of ap pointments in the diplomatic service was one of the subjects discussed. While no official announcement of the president's intention regarding the po sitions has yet been made, it is known that he has decided upon several changes. Joseph H. Choate, ambassa dor to the court of St. James, has indi cated that he does not desire to con tinue in that position. He will be suc ceeded by Whiteslaw Reid, proprietor of the New York Tribune, who was at one time minister tov France. General Horace Porter, American ambassador to France, will retire from that position soon after March 4. He was appointed by the late Presidnt Mc- Kinley, and, with the expiration of his present, term, will have served the United States at the French capital eight years. The president has decid ed on General Porter's successor, but at this time no announcement of his de cision can be made. Charlemagne Tower, American am bassador to Germany, and Robert S. McCormick, Americaan ambassador to Russia, will continue at their respect ive posts. - Bellamy . Storer, American ambas sador to Austria-Hungary, will continue in his present place until the president decides to transfer him to another post in the diplomatic service. As to the ambassadorship to Italy, nothing definite can be said now. It has -been rumored that Ambassador George Von L. Meyer is to succeed General Porter at Paris, but it can be said that such a change is not certain. The probabilities are that Mr. Meyer will remain at Rome. General Powell Clayton having decided to relinquish his post as ambassador to Mexico at the end of the present administration, he will be succeeded by Edwin H. Con ger, now United States minister to China. It is hot expected that Mr Conger will continue long at the Mex ican capital, as he is understood to in tend to return to his home Btate of Iowa to be a candidate in succession to Gov ernor Cummins. He will be succeeded by David E. Thompson, of Nebraska, who at present is minister to Brazil Mr. Thompson accepted the appoint ment to Brazil-with the understanding that he would be appointed to a higher place in the diplomatic service as soon as opportunity afforded. Mr. Conger will be suceeded at the court of Pekin by William. W. Rock- hill, at present director of the bureau of American republics, who is recogniz ed as an authority on all subjects per taining to China and the Chinese. John K. Gowdy, who was appointed by President McKinley American con sul general at Paris, will be succeeded by F. H. Mason, who is now consul general to Berlin. In succession to Mr. Mason, John Lewis Griffiths, of Indianapolis,, will be named. It is expected that some other changes will be made in the corps of American ministers, but at this time they are not obtainable for publication. IN HANDS OF JAPS Port Arthur Gives Up After Fight ing Eleven Months. CAUSES GREAT JOY IN TOKIO Stoessel Confesses He Fouud Further- Resistance Was Only a Useless Sacrifice of Lives. New York, Jan. 3. Port Arthur, whose hills for months have run red with the blood of the bravest of two warlike nations, has at last succumbed to the fierce tenacity of the Japanese attack. General Stoessel, most stub born in carrying out the will of his sovereign, has seen the sdvance of the besieging army gain in momentum and energy, until to hold out longer would have been a crime against humanity. The conditions of the surreneder are not yet known, but in all quarters it is- anticipated that they are such as an honorable soldier may accept from a brave and victorious enemy. At 9 :45 o clock last night the com missioners completed signing of the capitulation agreement. Both armies had suspended hostilities five hours earlier. The city of Port Arthur will be occupied by the Japanese today. The authorities at St. Petersburg, in the absence of direct official notice from General Stoessel that Port Arthur has surrendered, have not permitted the news to become public. Emperor Nicholas is in the south of Russia, and his ministers are for the time being in the dark as to what dispatches have been sent to him from the front. Tokio is the scene of rejoicing, people finding in the outcome compensation for all the sacrifice of life and money that was entailed in the ten months' siege. To what extent the fall of Port Ar thur will make for a restoration of peace is an open question. There is an encouraging note in the expression of Baron Hayashi, Japanese minister to London, of the "hope that in some way it will- facilitate .final peace." Both in Paris and London it is be lieved that the squadron under Vice Admiral Rojestvensky, which started from Libau for the Far East three months ago, will have to retrace its way home, as an adherence to the original plans would invite disaster without probability of effecting a juncture with the warships at present in the harbor of Vladivostok. Road to Sweepstake. Cottage Grove John Brund and Alex Lundberg have built 600 feet , of road from the Sweepstake group to a point near the Vesuvius mine. When completed the road will be two miles long and will be of great advantage to the Sweepstake locality. THE MARKETS. Wheat Portland 'Walla Walla. 85c; bluestem, 8889c; valley, ; 87c. Tacoma Blues tern, 88c; club, 85c. Eggs Oregon ranch, 31c. Butter Fancy creamery, 2527c. Hops Choice, 2930c; prune, 27 28c. - ' Wool Valley, 19l20c; Eastenf Ore gon, 10 17c; mohair, 25QS2fSc. New Fraser River Mill. New Westminster, B. C, Jan. 3. A large sawmill on the Fraser river that has been closed for 15 years will open in a few weeks to cut 250,000 feet of lumber a day, under American capital The mill was purchased by Lester W David, for years manager of the Mon arch lumber mills in Blaine. The company will be known as the Fraser River Lumber Mills company and will employ nearly 300 men. It will ship both by rail and vessels. In the ma rine shipping, E. J.Dodge, the million aire lumber man of San Francsico, will use his own fleet of lumber vessels Already a market has been opened in Australia and the first cargo sent by water will go there. Cunning of the 'Japanese. . Mukden, Jan. 3. Irrefutable evi dence, has been obtained at headquar ters that the Japanese are not only hir ing Chinese bandits to operate on the Russian flanks, but that they are en listing Chinese under-Japanese officers The Japanese are adopting cunning ex pedients to defeat surprise attacks of the Russian scouts, from which they have suffered so much." They cover the steep approaches of their trenches with water, which freezes, forms ice slides and makes the scouts slip and fall in confusion. HALL IS REMOVED. Summary Action by the President in Land Fraud Cases. Washington, Jan. 3. President Roosevelt has directed the absolute re moval of John H. Hall, United States district attorney for the district of Ore gon. The action was taken at the re quest of Francis J. Heney, who was been conducting, as the nominal assist ant of Mr. Hall, the land fraud cases in Oregon. The announcement of this action was made by Attorney General Moody as he was leaving the White house after a conference with the president. Mr. Moody declined to say what the charges against Mr. Hall were, if any, but did say that it was for the good of the serv ice to dispense with him, particularly in regard to the conduct of the land fraud cases now being investigated. Mitchell and Hermann Indicted. Portland, Jan. 3. The Federal grand jury fulfilled the expectations of the public when it returned indictments against Senator Mitchell, Binger Her mann and George Sorenson. . Mitchell and Herman were indicted jointly and are charged with having conspired with all of the defendants heretofore indict ed, to defraud the government out of land situated in township 11 south, range 7 east. Sorenson is indicted for having offered a bribe of $5,000 to Dis trict Attorney Hall on March 28 last, when the indictment against the con spirators who were convicted in the recent trial was pending in the Federal court. Good Health on Isthmus. Washington, Jan. 3. Comissioner Greene and Examiner Snyder, of the civil service-commission, returned here today from a three weeks' visit to the Panama canal zone, where they went for the purpose of introducing the commission's rule for the employment of people connected with the canal There has been an average of 1,500 Americans on the isthmus for the past eight months, and not one death has occurred among them. Chicago Is Not Liable. Chicago, Jan. 3. Judge Charles M. Walker today decided that the city of Chicago is not liable for damages grow ing out of the loss of life in connection with the Iroquois theater fire. This was the last day in which, under .the law, claims for damages could be filed. In the last hour of the court today - 49 suits aggregating $490,000 were filed in the circuit and supreme courts. . New Navy for Russia. St. Petersburg, Jan. 4. With refer ence to the report published in the United States under a St. Petersburg date that Emperor Nicholas has peti tioned the expenditure of $80,000,000 for rebuilding the navy, the fact is that Russia's naval program has not yet been definitely decided or promul gated. All that is positively known is that the plans cover a long period of years. . The absolute necessity of a sea power is one of Russia's latest lessons of the present war. '-sr- . -. Bay City Is Shocked. San Francisco, Jan. 4. This city experienced a number of earthquake shocks today. At 3 :20 o'clock a severe shock, which lasted for six seconds, occurerd. - At 4:25 o'clock and a few minutes before 8 o'clock tonight other shocks were felt. The plate glass in a few buildings was Shattered. One of the small towers on the city hall - was twisted. ' Officials at the hall, how ever, say that the tower was faultily constructed. J Cold Suspends Mobilization. St. Petersburg, Jan. 4. The intense ly cold weather which prevails in the" center of Russia has caused a temporary suspension of the mobilization and movement of troops. . Today the tem perature is 40 degrees below' Fahrenheit.