SEMI-WEEKLY SlS&S'SiV&ri. i Consolidated Feb.", 1899. COBVALLIS, BENTON COUNTY, OBEGON, TUESDAY, JUNE 18, 1901. VOL. II. NO. 8. P00RH0USE BY MARY J. CHAPTER X. It was beginning to be daylight in the city of Boston, and as the gray east gradually brightened and grew red in the coming day, a young man looked out npon the busy world around him with that feeling of utter loneliness which one so often feels in a great city where all is new and strange to him. Scarcely four weeks- bad passed since the notes of a tolling bell had fallen sadly upon his ear, and he had looked into a grave where they laid bis mother to her last dream less rest A prevailing fever had effect ed what the fancied ailments of years had failed to do, and Billy Bender was now an orphan and alone in the wide world. He knew that he had his own fortune to make, and after settling his mother's affairs and finding there was nothing left for him, he had come to the city, and on this morning went forth alone to look for employment, with no other recommendation than the frank. honest expression of his handsome face. "It was foolish in me to attempt it,' thought be, as he stopped in front of a large wholesale establishment. . His eye caught the sign on which was lettered "R. J. Selden & Co." The name sound ed familiar, and something whispered to him to enter. He did so, and meeting in the doorway a I. .11, elegant looking young man, he asked for Mr. Selden. "My uncle' returned the gentleman, who was none other than George More land, "has not yet come down, but per haps I can answer your purpose just as well. Do you wish .to purchase goods? Billy, thinking; that . everyone must know his.,; poverty, .fancied there was something satirical in the question,' but he was mistaken; the manner was nat ural to the speaker, -who, as Billy made no direct reply, "again asked: "What would yon like, sir?" - "Something to do; for I have neither money nor home,", was Billy's prompt an swer. "Will yon give me your name 7' asked George. Billy? complied, and when he spoke of his native town George repeated it after him, saving: "I have some acquaintances who spend the summer in Chicopee; but you probably have never known them. Immediately Billy thought of the Lin-eolns.-flnd now knew why the name of Selden .seemed so familiar. He had heard Jenny" speak of Ida, and felt certain that R. J. Selden was her father. .- -Foi: moment George regarded him in tently,; and then said: "We seldom em ploy .strangers -without a recommenda tion: still, I do not believe you need any, My irmcle is wanting a young man, but the work may hardly suit you, he added, naming the duties he wonld be expected to perform, which certainly were rather mental. ' Still, as the wages were liberal. Billy'fo'r want of a better, accepted the situation, and was immediately introduc ed iff his business. , For some time he only saw George at a distance, bnt was told by one of the clerks that he was just graduated at Tale, and was now a junior, partner in his ancle's establish ment. , i . I "We all like him very much," said the clerk,' "he is so pleasant and kind, though a little proudf I guess." ; . Ttijs, was all that Billy knew of him un til h hajj been in. Mr. Selden's employ ment nearly three weeks; then, as he was one day poring over a, volume of Horace which he had brought with him, George, who-,chanced to pass by, looked over his shoulder? exclaiming, "Why, Bender, can yon read -Latin? Really, this is a nov elty. Are you fond of books ?' "Yes, very," said Billy, "though I have but a few of my own." - "Fortunately, then, I can accommodate yon," returned George, "for I have a tol erably good library, to which you can at any time have access. Suppose you come round to my ancle's to-night. Never mind'; about thanking me," he added, as he Saw Billy about to speak; '1 hate to be thanked, so to-night, at eight o'clock, 1 shall expect you." - Accordingly, that evening Billy started ror Mr. Selden's. George, who wished to save him from any embarrassment, an swered, his ring himself, and immediately conducted him to his room, where for an hour or so they discussed their favorite books and authors. At last,. George, as tonished at Billy's general knowledge of . men? and things, exclaimed. Why, Ben der, -I do believe yon are almost as good a scholar as I, who have been through college. Fray, how does it happen? In a few words Billy explained that he had been in the habit of working sum mers and going to school at Wilbraham winters; and then, as it was nearly ten. he hastily gathered np the books which George had kindly loaned him and took his leave. As he was descending the broad stairway he met a young girl fash- - lonaoiy uressea, wno starea at mm la . some surprise. In the upper hall she en countered George, and asked him who the . stranger, was. "His name is Bender and he came from Chicopee, answered George. , "Bender from Chicopee!" repeated Ida. ; "Why, I wonder if it isn't the Billy Ben der ubout whom Jenny Lincoln has gone almost mad. "I think not," returned her cousin, "for Mrs.: Lincoln would hardly suffer her . daughter to mention a poor boy's name, much less to go mad about him." "Bat," answered Ida, "he worked on Mr. Lincoln's farm when Jenny was a little girl; and now that she is older she talk of him nearly all the time, and - Rose says it would not surprise her if she should some day run on with him." "Possibly it is the same," returned " George. "Anyway, he is very fine look ing, and a fine fellow, too, besides being : an excellent scholar. Tine next day, when Billy chanced to be alone, George approached him, and after " making some casual remarks about the books he had borrowed, etc., he said, "Did you ever see Jenny Lincoln in Chic opee "Oh, yes," answered .Billy, brightening up, for Jenny had alwiys been, and still was, a great favorite with, him; "Oh, re 1 know Jenny vef well. I worked TOTPALACE HOLMES for her father some years ago, and be came greatly interested in her." Indeed? Then you most know Hen ry Lincoln?' Yes, I know him," said Billy; while George continned: And think bnt little of him, of course?" On this subject Billy was non-commit tal. He had no cause for liking Henry, bnt would not say so to a comparative stranger. George was about moving away when, observing a little, old-fashioned book lying upon one of the boxes, he took it up and, turning to the fly-leaf, read the name of Prank Howard. Frank Howard 1 Frank Howard r' he repeated; "where have I heard that name? Who is he. Bender?" . He was a little English boy I once loved very much; but he is dead now," an swered Billy; and .George, with a sud denly awakened cariosity, said: "Tell me about him and his family, will you?". Without dreaming that George had ever seen them, Billy told the story of Frank s sickness and death of the noble conduct of his little sister, who, when there was no other alternative, went cheerfully to the poorhouse, winning by her gentle ways the love" of those unused to love, and taming the wild mood of. a maniac until she was harmless as a child. As he proceeded with his story George became each moment more and more in terested, and when at last there was a pause, he asked, "And is Mary in the poorhouse now?" ;: - "I have not mentioned her name, and pray how came you to know it?" said Billy in some surprise. In a few words George related the par ticulars of his acquaintance with the Howards and then again asked where both Mary and Ella were. Billy replied that for a few years back Mary had lived with a Mrs. Mason, while 'Ella, at the time of her mother's death, had been adopted by Mrs. Camp bell. "But," said he, "I never think of Ella in connection with Mary, they are so unlike; Ella is proud and vain and silly, and treats her sister "with the . utmost rudeness, though Mary is far more agree able and intelligent, and as I think the best looking." . "She must have changed very much,' answered George, "for if I remember rightly she was not remarkable for per sonal beauty. " . . . He was going to say more, when some one slapped him rudely on the shoulder, calling out, "How are you, old feller, and what is there in Boston to interest such a scapegrace as I am?": r ' Looking up, Billy saw before him Hen ry Lincoln, exquisitely dressed, but bear ing in his appearance evident marks of dissipation. ' ".-. -' "Why, Henry," exclaimed George, "how came you here? I supposed you were drawing lampblack caricatures of I some one of the .tutors in old Yale. . What's the 'matter? What have you been Why, you see," answered Henry, drawing jus cigar from his mouth, "one of the. sophs got his arm broken in a row, and as l am so tender-hearted, . and couldn't bear to hear him groan', the fac ulty kindly" advised me to leave, and sent on before me a recommendation to the old man. But I fixed 'em. I told 'em he was in Boston, whereas he's in Chicopee, so I just took the letter from the office myself. It reads beautifully. - Do you understand? - All this time Henry had apparently taken no notice of Billy, whom George now Introduced, saying he believed they were old acquaintances. With the cool est effrontery Henry took from his pocket a quizzing glass, and, applying it to his eye, said, "I've absolutely studied until I'm near-sighted. How long have the eld folks been in Chicopee? Several . weeks, I think, answered George; and then, either because be want ed to hear what ; Henry would say, or because of a reawakened interest in Mary Howard, he continued, "By the. way, Henry, when yon came so unceremoni ously upon as, we were speaking of a young girl in Chicopee whom you have perhaps ferreted out ere this, as Ben der says she is fine looking." r Henry stroked his whiskers, which had receixed far more cultivation than his brains, stuck his hat on one side and answered, "Why, yes, I suppose that in my way I was something of a b'hoy with the fair sex, but. really I do not. now think of more than one handsome girl in Chicopee, and that is Ella Campbell, but she is young yet, not as old as Jenny altogether too small fry for Henry Lin coln, Esq. But who is the girlf . Billy frowned, for he held Mary s name as too sacred to be breathed by a young man of Henry Lincoln s character, while George replied: - ' ' Her name is Mary Howard." 'What, the pauper?" asked Henry, looking significantly at Billy, who replied "The same, sir." :"' "Whew-w!" whistled Henry, prolong ing .the diphthong to an nnusual length. "Why, she's got two teeth at least a foot long, and her face looks as though she had just been in the vinegar barrel and didn't like the taste of it." - r "But, without joking, though, how does she look?" asked George; 'while Billy made a movement as if he would help the insolent puppy to find his level. "Well, now, old boy," returned Henry, "I'll tell you" honestly that the last time I saw her I was surprised to find how much she was improved. She has swal lowed those abominable teeth, or done something with- them, and is really quite decent looking." ; - So saying he took his leave. Just then there was a call for Mr. Moreland, who also departed, leaving Billy alone. "It is very strange that she never told me she knew him," thought he; and then tak ing from his pocket a neatly folded letter, he again read it through. But there was nothing in it about George, except the simple words, "I am glad you have found a friend in Mr. Moreland. I am sore I should like him, just because he is kind to you." "Tea. she's forgotten him,'' said Billy, and that belief gave him secret satisfac tion. He had knowu Mary long, and the interest he had felt in her when a homely, neglected child, had not in the least decreased as the lapse of time grad ually ripened her into a fine, intelligent looking girl. He was to her a brother still, but she to him was dearer far than a sister; and though in his letters he al ways addressed her as such, in his heart he claimed her as something nearer, and yet be had never breathed In her ear a word of love or hinted that it was for her sake he toiled both early and late, hoard ing up his earnings with almost a miser's care that she might be educated. Regularly each week she wrote to him. and it was the receipt of these letters and the thoughts of her that kept his heart so brave and cheerful, as, alone and unappreciated, except by George, he worked on, dreaming of a bright future when the one great object of bis life should be realized. - . ' (To be continued.) CARE OF THE EYES, r Much Trouble and Buffering: May Kutly . e Avoide!. Nowhere is the comparison between an ounce of prevention and a pound of cure more applicable than In the care of the eyes; for the neglect of seeming ly trivial affections, perfectly curable in their beginnings, may lead In an In credibly short time to permanent im pairment of vision, or even to total blindness. The care of the eyes should begin with the moment of birth. The new baby's eyes should be the first part to receive attention.' They should be wiped carefully with a piece of ab sorbent cotton wet with a warm solu tion of boric acid, of a strength of about sixty grains in four ounces of distilled water. After the lids have been thus carefully washed on the out side they should be gently separated and some of the solution dropped Into the eyes. In washing the eyes one sbould be careful never to dip again in the solu tion a piece of cotton which has once been used; a fresh piece must be taken each time the eyes are wiped. ., The baby's eyes must be protected from the light; its crib should be placed where the eyes are not exposed to the full light from a window, and the car riage should have a shade raised only about a foot above the baby's head. Children often suffer from inflamma tion of the edges of the lids, which are red and scaly, and the lasbes fall out and break ' off. - This may betoken general scrofulous condition, or It may depend upon some defect in the sight which causes eye-strain, or it may be only a local trouble. -. If it is only a local trouble, a few applications of boric acid ointment at bedtime will gener ally effect a eure. ' ; ; Conjunctivitis, or inflammation of the membrane covering the globe of the eye, may be due to a cold, to the action of bright sunlight or reflection from water or from snow, or to eye-strain from some visual imperfection. Usu ally the boric acid solution will give relief here, even when the trouble can not be permanently cured until proper lasses are worn. -: Another painful consequence of eye strain is a succession of sties. When child suffers frequently from sties, from sore lids, or from conjunctivitis. the sight sbould be tested. i Much harm is often done to the eyes. as well as to the general health, by too long application to books, either school or story-books. Three: hours of looking at print by daylight and one hour in the evening, should not be ex ceeded by any child under 14, for that Is as much as his eyes, even if their vision is perfectly normal, will stand without Injury. Youth's Companion. '"'Y;:l,;': The Pickles Test. A : There had been. " an r epidemic - of mumps In Denver, and every afternoon brought to the health department number of children seeking permission to return to school. Sometimes no doc tor was present, and they had' to wait. So, says the Republican, Dr. Carlin de vised a means by which bis secretary. Miss . Currigan, might test the appli- cants. ".'; 'Pickles are the thing," said Dr. Car lin. " "If a person with the slightest trace of inflammation in the thyroid glands takes a bite of anything sharply sour, the face is instantly contorted. In extreme cases the pain la extreme." So a bottle of mixed pickles was add ed to the pharmacopoeia of the office. Now, when there is no doctor in the office,: Miss Currigan lines up the appli cants for certificates and goes down the line with the bottle of pickles. ' If the child takes the pickle and smiles as a healthy child should, he may go back to school again; but If be scowls In pain he is condemned to stay at home. " - - Decidedly the Reverse. - TJncle Wellington de Bergh, a retired English merchant who occasionally came to visit bis relatives in this coun try, was an enthusiastic bicyclist, not withstanding his age, which was over seventy. - --';- "-;- " '-"t"r- t'-"V? His other passions was a fondness for Walker's : Dictionary, which, . be maintained, was superior to all others, of whatever date, and. he seemed, to know It by heart. - v-";';s; ; "Your uncle," said a caller one day, "appears to be a walking cyclopedia." "On the contrary," responded one of TJncle Wellington's American5 nieces, "he's a cycling Walkerpedia.' Her Supposition. ' "Did yon say you took a stall at the theater while you were in London?" asked Miss Cayenne. "Yes," answered the young man who was airing his forelgnisms. : "I suppose," she proceeded pensively, "that it must have been one of tbore recent productions that the critics con demned for their horseplay." Wash ington Star.. r There Is time for everything and ev erybody, especially the convicts. 1811 YOUNG Making a Trolley Car. ' ' The first step to take Is to mount the above diagram on cardboard, prefer ably Bristol board. When the paste or glue Is thoroughly dry it should be In half an hour cut out the pieces.. The dotted lines, remember, show ' where you crease or fold; they are not to be cut at alL You will, find it easier to paint the car while it Is yet a flat sur face rather tban after. It has been molded Into its proper shape. Dark blue for the body of the car wonld be good, with brown or yellow trimmings IE3 DuBD BODY or TEE CAB. and black for the roof. The windows paint a light sky blue with dashes of Chinese white applied afterwards,: to Imitate reflections on the glass. i. The wheels paint black. The car number and the name of the line can be any thing you choose. : A represents the top of the car, X and Y the double bot tom," Q and R are the tops of the plat form,' front and rear. Cut this part in one piece and bend only along, the dotted lines. Glue X and Y fast to gether. L and M are the two doors. B and C are the platforms.' : 8 and T are the front and rear railings; glue the WHEELS AND BAILIKGS. sides 1; 2. 4 and 4 fast to the sides, q the car; and 6 must also- fasten; to th sides of the car. Cut two strip - of wood the size and; shape of D and and glue them to bottom of cartas axles. Then pin the wheels to the strips, preferably; with the. .smallest size of tacks, and the car la complete and should be In Working order. If you are afraid of making some slip-up. it would be a good; plan to make tracing of the diagram which you can experiment with before you cut up the original. Chinese Blocks. "One bright spring afternoon a Chi nese official and his little boy called at our home, on Filial Piety Lane in Pe- kln. ; Father and son were dressed ex actly alike boots of black velvet. trousers of blue silk, over which hung a long garment also of blue silk, waist coat of blue brocade, and skull-cap of black satin. In every respect, even to the dignity "of his bearing, the child was a vest-pocket edition of his father. - "The boy carried a t'ao-' of books, which I recognized as 'The ' Fifteen Magic Blocks.' Now, a t'ao Is two or more volumes of a book, wrapped in a single cover. ; The one that the boy' had contained two volumes. - On the In side of the cover was a . depression three inches square, "snugly "fitted with the fifteen blocks These blocks are made variously of lead, wood, or paste board. . i "All the blocks are in pairs, except one which Is a rhomboid; and all are exactly; proportional, the sides being either half an bach, an inch and a half , -tOTA tn.),.. In loncrfh .V-Vi; J.M.: "The blocks of Chlnesechlldreneare not used as in our kindergartens, .sim ply to familiarize the child with geo metric figures.- The more specific pur pose, of the fifteen magical blocks is to picture scenes of history and myta that will have a moral and Intellectual ef fect on the budding brain. Of course, Chinese children build houses, bridges and wagons just as ours do, but pri marily their blocks are intended for education. , ' ' . ... '? -" " ; "The first picture my child) tisitor built for. me ; that afternoon, was a dragon horse. '! asked him to tell me about it. The little fellow, explained that this 'was the dragon-horse of: Fu Hsi. Fu Hsl was the original ancestor of the Chinese people, and he saw this animal emerge from the depths of the Meng River. 7 On the back of -the dragon-horse Fa Hsi described a map con taining fifty-five spots. -These fifty-five spots represented the male and female principles of. nature, and out fit, them the ancient sage used to construct what are known as the Eight Diagrams." Ainslee's. ' -! Cnte Trick of a FpanlQ. . It Is said that animals do not reason. but yon cannot convince the owner of a black cocker spaniel of this. - The man lives in New York, and, of course, the dog acknowledges that city as his place of residence also. A young lady 0 a 14 ' " I i .39 wr.-. of the family to which be belongs ones teased him by scuffling about the rugs of her home until she. could give an electric spark of considerable snap and then discharging it npon the nose of her pet, the spaniel. . ; i. Not long after this abuse the dog was observed to roll upon the rugs, entirely of his own accord, and then to run to the brass bedsteads and obtain a spark. This he continues to do and his own observation seems to have taught him that' be must approach metal in order to receive the spark. . In one room he runs to the bedstead; in another to the register, and as he licks his nose after the prickling of the spark he never falls to wag the remains of his tail and his face assumes a decided expression of pleasure. ' Thought Cowa Were Blue. For several weeks past the milk left at an Englewood home has not been all that could be desired. It is blue. and Edna's mamma was frequently heard to complain about It after the milkman had gone. On a recent morn ing Edna -was posted at the window,. where she waited patiently for the milkman's coming. When 'she saw him she went boldly out of the house to meet him. - Say,", said the little tot, looking up at him archly, "are you got blue cows?" "Blue cows?" repeated the milkman, aghast, "now I never heard of blue cows." "Well, your cows give bine milk, any how," went on the child, "for I heard my mamma say- so." . : , , The milk has been better since. Chi cago Chronicle. . Not tbe Boy'a Fault. 'Remember who you are talking to. young man," said an Indignant parent to his unruly son. ."I'll have you know that I'm your father." "Well," replied the incorrigible, "you needn't throw It up to me. I can't help It." Hla Fln&rer Leikel. Little Harry, while playing, accl dentally cut his finger. Seeing it bleed ing, he called out: "Hurry and stop up my finger, mamma; it's leaking." . -v A FOOL'S , PARADISE. Monte Carlo an! the Great Profits of .ti e Casino Company. We hear at intervals of "the man who broke the bank at Monte Carlo,' and- more frequently of . unfortunates whom that institution has broken, Everybody is familiar with the fairy like aspect of the place, through in numerable descriptions, views, or stage pictures. And the realities are tangi ble enough, "when we read the periodi cal; reports, of the toy principality's business or the pamphlet lately pub lished by the Casino Company relative to fts dealings with the Prince of Mon aco; s The Trince lives upon-the annual subsidy he receives from the gaming establishment and his principality a tract f less than ten square miles, with ftboiit be twpulation of a small Amer ican town is . maintained from, the sanie source, ijn other words, the gam Wing. spirit,, of, polite Europe Is here concentrated, organized, administered ana ."run witn nanasome pronts Dy the joint -stock company -that leases Monte Carlo and its concessions. What these 'profits amount- to may be gath ered Trom 'some of the figures of the statement " of " expenses gl ven in the shareholders' pamphlet'' : , Lastt season's expenditure of the prin- cipalityrr-apart from the maintenance of - the Casino, which was $4,170,000 amounted to $650,000. , Of the latter sum he Prince received $250,000; the courts, police, etc., absorbel $100,000 clergy : and schools, $45,000; charities, $30,000; prizes for sports, $55,000; and the postoffice and losses, $10,000. Not withstanding these expenses, $2,880,000 was paid out in dividends on shares. Summing up, therefore, we find a to tal revenue of $7,700,000, representing the amount left at Monte Carlo by the "fools . of the world" for a season'! pleasure. x. ":::--'f' '.-" -;'-;;- :: A large portion of the balance of the Casino. Company's,; expenditure not accounted for In the above items Is ab sorbed by "press subventions, amounting altogether to $125,000. This means, as the Monte Carlo philanthro pists frankly explain in their pamphlet, that "it is absolutely -necessary to ex pend large sums in securing tbe good Will of the continental press." ' Some of the alluring "but "imaginative tales of ' vast winnings and bank breakings may be traced to this source.-: It Is also a fact. that some of the. stories of sui cides at Monte Carlo are the inventions of envious journals that do not come in for a- share "of the spoils. Leslie's Weekly. v - The Human Brain. - . Sir William Turner shows that among civilized races men have the ad vantage over women in internal, capac ity of the cranium and in weight of the brain itself., -While the average brain weight of the European male Is from 49 ounces to 50 ounces, In the female It is only from 44 ounces to 45 ounces. The difference in size and weight be gins at birth. . Nor is the inequality con fined to European races. ' It is observ able among savages, though in a lesser degree. . Man is not only the larger and stronger animal, but is fitted with- n larger and more powerful supply of brains. Power Required to Drive a Bicycle, , The driving of a bicycle, at ten ml leu an hour has been ascertained to - re quire- aDout one twenty-toird or ' a horse-power. An expert rider for ' a short time may exert one-third of horse-power, r or . rapid work, not scorching, one-seventh horse-power li needed.; - These figures are the result of a scientific Investigation. , - A sign in the window, of an Irish tinner reads as follows: "Quart meas ures of all shapes and sizes for sale." To Trat Crlmaon Clover Seed. The germination of crimson clover seed even when the seed is compara tively pure often leaves much to be desired. . The seed deteriorates rapidly with age. There is, however, a sim ple quality test w ithin the reach of any buyer, as shown in a home-made ger- minator Illustrated in a circular of the Department of Agriculture. A piece of moist flannel is laid upon a plate, and a certain number of seeds are counted out and laid upon the flannel, a second fold of which is placed over them. Then another plate is Inverted over the whole. The seeds are removed and HOME-MADE SEED QERMINATOB. counted as fast as they germinate. Good crimson clover will sprout 80 to 90 per cent of the seed within three days. Ground Bone as Fertilizer. As a fertilizer for. certain purposes ground raw bone deserves a high place, if it is the genuine article, and Is very finely ground. Much of that which is sold for that purpose is not fine enough, and not only requires too long to be come available, but in some cases never becomes so; as it seems to become coat ed or glazed over so that the acids of the soil cannot act upon It. . The bone is not adapted for .a fertilizer for field crops, "or for , general use upon light soils, 'but in a ' strong soil well filled with vegetable" matter It is good for seeding down to grass, as Its decay-In the soil may require years during all of which time It Is feeding the grass crop "Yet we think we have found better results from using it around grape vines and the bush fruits than in any other way. ". There is ' nitrogen enough so that when used In the early (-spring it will promote a good growth of wood and foliage, just enough for a thrifty bush or tine, but not enough to continue that growth during the fall, ' while the phosphoric acid will help to make a growth of fruit and a jucier and better flavored fruit than would grow without It It certainly lacks potash, and unless upon new soil its effects would be improved by using about half the same amount of muriate of potash with it which will make the wood stirr er and more hardy. - The amount to use per acre must depend upon the num ber and size of plants, but liberality Is generally the best economy. American Cultivator. " ' ' " . w - Market Waxoa Improvement. It is a -convenience, when peddling vegetables, fruit, etc., to have a long bodied wagon, rather than to pile bar rels and boxes high. With a long- bodied wagon very little climbing is necessary; witn a snort-ooaied wagon constant climbing becomes tiresome. The plan herewith shows a board plat form extended beyond the body of the wagon and on it barrels, boxes, bags, etc., can be placed and held securely by a rope. Farm and Home. - Grain Rust. ; - The red rust which often appears on rye and wheat is the same that appears earlier in tbe season upon the leaves of the barberry bush. - We have heard It botb asserted and denied that the same rust attacks the oat but . never were able to trace the rust on oats to the direct vicinity of the barberry, as we have that which appeared on rye. ; But Where these grains are grown we ad vise cutting and burning of all the bar berry bushes near the field. In some parts of England they have very strict laws, oblisinz this to be done. There are probably some other plants upon which this, rust can be found,; as it is sometimes found on grain when there is not a barberry bush for miles. but where they are It always starts on them before it does on the grain. About the time the grain begins to I HAK&ET PL&l'rUKH. harden this turns to a black rust which is only an advanced form of the same disease. It does not hurt the kernel of the grain, unless to cause It to shrink If It comes very early. Exchange. The Pea Vine Lonte. Not long since we said that we would not give up trying to grow peas, al though the louse worked a great deal about us last season, but we hoped that they might die out or be greatly re duced after one or two years preva lence. Now we have the report of the experiment station at Amherst for 1900, which says of this pest: "Less has been heard about this insect than In 1899, though it has caused consider able loss In several places In the South. Whether it will increase in importance during 1901 is at least doubtful." As it appears upon clover and some other plants, as well as upon the pea, to stop planting peas would not starve them out The season probably was not fa vorable last year to many species of insects, as awarm spell started eggs to hatching early, and it was followed by a cold period that was too severe for the very young, and probably many perished. But it is . not best to trust the work entirely to nature when we can find a way to assist In the good work of defending our orchards and plants by spraying or by other means. Massachusetts Ploughman. - Corn Planting;. If corn is planted while the ground Is wet and cold, the germ does not start or starts only to decay. In this it differs from the smaller grains, most of which seem not to require the beat or the air to promote growth, which are needed by the corn. These causes operate to oblige many farmers to replant much of their cornfields, if they attempt to hasten their work by putting the seed in the ground too early. A depth of two inches Is deep enough for putting seed corn, unless it is planted very late in a warm and dry soil. For level cul ture we would prefer to wait longer, and then possibly go a little deeper, but while level culture seems to have found favor In the so-called corn-growing sec tions, and is almost a necessity where the weeder or light harrow is run over it after the corn is up, it is difficult to convince the -farmer in New England that he sbould not hill or ridge it np a little as he cultivates it. New England Homestead. ' Sien Board Advertialne. H' If the farmer when he visited the city saw nothing on the store fronts to indicate what was for sale within, he would tnink tne merennnts were very much lacking in business ability. But if he rides out through the eountrv he seldom sees anything to tell him who has a cow or pig, eggs or seed" corn to sell, and' he must inquire and hunt about it if he wants to buy, unless he has chanced to hear before he left home. It would be well for each farmer to have near the entrance to his grounds a blackboard on which he could pnch week nut an flnnntmnpmonf of what he may have to sell, or wishes to buy. It would be likely not only to help him dispose of his products, but by bringing more customers, and some farther away, enable him to obtain bet ter prices. ' It is a cheap and very effec tive mode of advertising. ' 89aklna;.Corn for Horaea One who has tried it advises soaking Anwn tnm 1. .... fin Ua.a n nlnAn n.tl am jar, and after each feed put In as much corn as is Intended for the next feed and cover with cold water. At feed ing add a little salt to this and give it. then prepare the next. He says be does this and has no trouble with sore mouth or teeth from the use of hard, flinty corn. But we prefer to have the corn cracked when we mix it with oats. or ground fine and the meal put on hay that has been cut and moistened. We think it more thoroughly digested by the latter method. If one is where he cannot get his corn to mill, tbe above hint may be of some value to him, though we would prefer more than six hours soaking If we trusted to that en tirely. Exchange. - Horticnltnral Notes. Hardy hydrangea stands drought well. There Is no abatement In the demand for decorative nursery stock. ' The Otaheite dwarf orange as a pot plant is attractive, whether in fruit or flower. English Ivy is well recommended for shady places, such as bare spots under trees. ' Plant your peaches on high ground, for It Is coolest In summer and warm est In winter. ' The extraordinary demand for gera niums this year runs very largely to semi-double kinds. -' The "light pink" Lorraine Is another of the variations from the beautiful and popular Glolre de Lorraine. - Leading fruit-growers have claimed that where' lime and sulphur are' used as a wash for trees there will be no pear blight : Dahlia growers all over the world are striving to produce a better flower. The color is better, tbe stems longer, and the flower more vigorous. Fashion rules In flowers as well as dress. It Is said that English leaders in floral . matters have decreed tbe downfall of Incurved chrysanthemums.