Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909, June 18, 1901, Image 1

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SlS&S'SiV&ri. i Consolidated Feb.", 1899.
VOL. II. NO. 8.
It was beginning to be daylight in the
city of Boston, and as the gray east
gradually brightened and grew red in the
coming day, a young man looked out npon
the busy world around him with that
feeling of utter loneliness which one so
often feels in a great city where all is
new and strange to him. Scarcely four
weeks- bad passed since the notes of a
tolling bell had fallen sadly upon his ear,
and he had looked into a grave where
they laid bis mother to her last dream
less rest A prevailing fever had effect
ed what the fancied ailments of years
had failed to do, and Billy Bender was
now an orphan and alone in the wide
world. He knew that he had his own
fortune to make, and after settling his
mother's affairs and finding there was
nothing left for him, he had come to the
city, and on this morning went forth
alone to look for employment, with no
other recommendation than the frank.
honest expression of his handsome face.
"It was foolish in me to attempt it,'
thought be, as he stopped in front of a
large wholesale establishment. . His eye
caught the sign on which was lettered
"R. J. Selden & Co." The name sound
ed familiar, and something whispered to
him to enter. He did so, and meeting in
the doorway a I. .11, elegant looking young
man, he asked for Mr. Selden.
"My uncle' returned the gentleman,
who was none other than George More
land, "has not yet come down, but per
haps I can answer your purpose just as
well. Do you wish .to purchase goods?
Billy, thinking; that . everyone must
know his.,; poverty, .fancied there was
something satirical in the question,' but
he was mistaken; the manner was nat
ural to the speaker, -who, as Billy made
no direct reply, "again asked: "What
would yon like, sir?" -
"Something to do; for I have neither
money nor home,", was Billy's prompt an
swer. "Will yon give me your name 7' asked
Billy? complied, and when he spoke of
his native town George repeated it after
him, saving: "I have some acquaintances
who spend the summer in Chicopee; but
you probably have never known them.
Immediately Billy thought of the Lin-eolns.-flnd
now knew why the name of
Selden .seemed so familiar. He had heard
Jenny" speak of Ida, and felt certain that
R. J. Selden was her father. .- -Foi:
moment George regarded him in
tently,; and then said: "We seldom em
ploy .strangers -without a recommenda
tion: still, I do not believe you need any,
My irmcle is wanting a young man, but
the work may hardly suit you, he added,
naming the duties he wonld be expected
to perform, which certainly were rather
mental. ' Still, as the wages were liberal.
Billy'fo'r want of a better, accepted the
situation, and was immediately introduc
ed iff his business. , For some time he
only saw George at a distance, bnt was
told by one of the clerks that he was
just graduated at Tale, and was now a
junior, partner in his ancle's establish
ment. , i . I
"We all like him very much," said the
clerk,' "he is so pleasant and kind, though
a little proudf I guess." ; .
Ttijs, was all that Billy knew of him un
til h hajj been in. Mr. Selden's employ
ment nearly three weeks; then, as he was
one day poring over a, volume of Horace
which he had brought with him, George,
who-,chanced to pass by, looked over his
shoulder? exclaiming, "Why, Bender, can
yon read -Latin? Really, this is a nov
elty. Are you fond of books ?'
"Yes, very," said Billy, "though I have
but a few of my own." -
"Fortunately, then, I can accommodate
yon," returned George, "for I have a tol
erably good library, to which you can at
any time have access. Suppose you come
round to my ancle's to-night. Never
mind'; about thanking me," he added, as
he Saw Billy about to speak; '1 hate to
be thanked, so to-night, at eight o'clock,
1 shall expect you."
- Accordingly, that evening Billy started
ror Mr. Selden's. George, who wished to
save him from any embarrassment, an
swered, his ring himself, and immediately
conducted him to his room, where for an
hour or so they discussed their favorite
books and authors. At last,. George, as
tonished at Billy's general knowledge of
. men? and things, exclaimed. Why, Ben
der, -I do believe yon are almost as good
a scholar as I, who have been through
college. Fray, how does it happen?
In a few words Billy explained that he
had been in the habit of working sum
mers and going to school at Wilbraham
winters; and then, as it was nearly ten.
he hastily gathered np the books which
George had kindly loaned him and took
his leave. As he was descending the
broad stairway he met a young girl fash-
- lonaoiy uressea, wno starea at mm la
. some surprise. In the upper hall she en
countered George, and asked him who the
. stranger, was.
"His name is Bender and he came from
Chicopee, answered George.
, "Bender from Chicopee!" repeated Ida.
; "Why, I wonder if it isn't the Billy Ben
der ubout whom Jenny Lincoln has gone
almost mad.
"I think not," returned her cousin, "for
Mrs.: Lincoln would hardly suffer her
. daughter to mention a poor boy's name,
much less to go mad about him."
"Bat," answered Ida, "he worked on
Mr. Lincoln's farm when Jenny was a
little girl; and now that she is older she
talk of him nearly all the time, and
- Rose says it would not surprise her if she
should some day run on with him."
"Possibly it is the same," returned
" George. "Anyway, he is very fine look
ing, and a fine fellow, too, besides being
: an excellent scholar.
Tine next day, when Billy chanced to be
alone, George approached him, and after
" making some casual remarks about the
books he had borrowed, etc., he said,
"Did you ever see Jenny Lincoln in Chic
"Oh, yes," answered .Billy, brightening
up, for Jenny had alwiys been, and still
was, a great favorite with, him; "Oh,
re 1 know Jenny vef well. I worked
for her father some years ago, and be
came greatly interested in her."
Indeed? Then you most know Hen
ry Lincoln?'
Yes, I know him," said Billy; while
George continned:
And think bnt little of him, of
On this subject Billy was non-commit
tal. He had no cause for liking Henry,
bnt would not say so to a comparative
stranger. George was about moving away
when, observing a little, old-fashioned
book lying upon one of the boxes, he took
it up and, turning to the fly-leaf, read the
name of Prank Howard.
Frank Howard 1 Frank Howard r' he
repeated; "where have I heard that
name? Who is he. Bender?" .
He was a little English boy I once
loved very much; but he is dead now," an
swered Billy; and .George, with a sud
denly awakened cariosity, said:
"Tell me about him and his family,
will you?".
Without dreaming that George had
ever seen them, Billy told the story of
Frank s sickness and death of the noble
conduct of his little sister, who, when
there was no other alternative, went
cheerfully to the poorhouse, winning by
her gentle ways the love" of those unused
to love, and taming the wild mood of. a
maniac until she was harmless as a child.
As he proceeded with his story George
became each moment more and more in
terested, and when at last there was a
pause, he asked, "And is Mary in the
poorhouse now?" ;: -
"I have not mentioned her name, and
pray how came you to know it?" said
Billy in some surprise.
In a few words George related the par
ticulars of his acquaintance with the
Howards and then again asked where
both Mary and Ella were.
Billy replied that for a few years back
Mary had lived with a Mrs. Mason,
while 'Ella, at the time of her mother's
death, had been adopted by Mrs. Camp
bell. "But," said he, "I never think of
Ella in connection with Mary, they are so
unlike; Ella is proud and vain and silly,
and treats her sister "with the . utmost
rudeness, though Mary is far more agree
able and intelligent, and as I think the
best looking." .
"She must have changed very much,'
answered George, "for if I remember
rightly she was not remarkable for per
sonal beauty. " . . .
He was going to say more, when some
one slapped him rudely on the shoulder,
calling out, "How are you, old feller, and
what is there in Boston to interest such
a scapegrace as I am?": r
' Looking up, Billy saw before him Hen
ry Lincoln, exquisitely dressed, but bear
ing in his appearance evident marks of
dissipation. ' ".-.
-' "Why, Henry," exclaimed George,
"how came you here? I supposed you
were drawing lampblack caricatures of
I some one of the .tutors in old Yale.
. What's the 'matter? What have you been
Why, you see," answered Henry,
drawing jus cigar from his mouth, "one
of the. sophs got his arm broken in a row,
and as l am so tender-hearted, . and
couldn't bear to hear him groan', the fac
ulty kindly" advised me to leave, and sent
on before me a recommendation to the
old man. But I fixed 'em. I told 'em he
was in Boston, whereas he's in Chicopee,
so I just took the letter from the office
myself. It reads beautifully. - Do you
understand? -
All this time Henry had apparently
taken no notice of Billy, whom George
now Introduced, saying he believed they
were old acquaintances. With the cool
est effrontery Henry took from his pocket
a quizzing glass, and, applying it to his
eye, said, "I've absolutely studied until
I'm near-sighted. How long have the eld
folks been in Chicopee?
Several . weeks, I think, answered
George; and then, either because be want
ed to hear what ; Henry would say, or
because of a reawakened interest in Mary
Howard, he continued, "By the. way,
Henry, when yon came so unceremoni
ously upon as, we were speaking of a
young girl in Chicopee whom you have
perhaps ferreted out ere this, as Ben
der says she is fine looking." r
Henry stroked his whiskers, which had
receixed far more cultivation than his
brains, stuck his hat on one side and
answered, "Why, yes, I suppose that in
my way I was something of a b'hoy with
the fair sex, but. really I do not. now
think of more than one handsome girl
in Chicopee, and that is Ella Campbell,
but she is young yet, not as old as Jenny
altogether too small fry for Henry Lin
coln, Esq. But who is the girlf .
Billy frowned, for he held Mary s name
as too sacred to be breathed by a young
man of Henry Lincoln s character, while
George replied: - ' '
Her name is Mary Howard."
'What, the pauper?" asked Henry,
looking significantly at Billy, who replied
"The same, sir." :"'
"Whew-w!" whistled Henry, prolong
ing .the diphthong to an nnusual length.
"Why, she's got two teeth at least a foot
long, and her face looks as though she
had just been in the vinegar barrel and
didn't like the taste of it." -
r "But, without joking, though, how
does she look?" asked George; 'while
Billy made a movement as if he would
help the insolent puppy to find his level.
"Well, now, old boy," returned Henry,
"I'll tell you" honestly that the last time
I saw her I was surprised to find how
much she was improved. She has swal
lowed those abominable teeth, or done
something with- them, and is really quite
decent looking." ;
- So saying he took his leave. Just then
there was a call for Mr. Moreland, who
also departed, leaving Billy alone. "It
is very strange that she never told me
she knew him," thought he; and then tak
ing from his pocket a neatly folded letter,
he again read it through. But there was
nothing in it about George, except the
simple words, "I am glad you have found
a friend in Mr. Moreland. I am sore I
should like him, just because he is kind
to you."
"Tea. she's forgotten him,'' said Billy,
and that belief gave him secret satisfac
tion. He had knowu Mary long, and
the interest he had felt in her when a
homely, neglected child, had not in the
least decreased as the lapse of time grad
ually ripened her into a fine, intelligent
looking girl. He was to her a brother
still, but she to him was dearer far than
a sister; and though in his letters he al
ways addressed her as such, in his heart
he claimed her as something nearer, and
yet be had never breathed In her ear a
word of love or hinted that it was for her
sake he toiled both early and late, hoard
ing up his earnings with almost a miser's
care that she might be educated.
Regularly each week she wrote to him.
and it was the receipt of these letters
and the thoughts of her that kept his
heart so brave and cheerful, as, alone
and unappreciated, except by George, he
worked on, dreaming of a bright future
when the one great object of bis life
should be realized. -
. ' (To be continued.)
Much Trouble and Buffering: May Kutly
. e Avoide!.
Nowhere is the comparison between
an ounce of prevention and a pound of
cure more applicable than In the care
of the eyes; for the neglect of seeming
ly trivial affections, perfectly curable
in their beginnings, may lead In an In
credibly short time to permanent im
pairment of vision, or even to total
blindness. The care of the eyes should
begin with the moment of birth. The
new baby's eyes should be the first
part to receive attention.' They should
be wiped carefully with a piece of ab
sorbent cotton wet with a warm solu
tion of boric acid, of a strength of
about sixty grains in four ounces of
distilled water. After the lids have
been thus carefully washed on the out
side they should be gently separated
and some of the solution dropped Into
the eyes.
In washing the eyes one sbould be
careful never to dip again in the solu
tion a piece of cotton which has once
been used; a fresh piece must be taken
each time the eyes are wiped. .,
The baby's eyes must be protected
from the light; its crib should be placed
where the eyes are not exposed to the
full light from a window, and the car
riage should have a shade raised only
about a foot above the baby's head.
Children often suffer from inflamma
tion of the edges of the lids, which are
red and scaly, and the lasbes fall out
and break ' off. - This may betoken
general scrofulous condition, or It may
depend upon some defect in the sight
which causes eye-strain, or it may be
only a local trouble. -. If it is only a local
trouble, a few applications of boric
acid ointment at bedtime will gener
ally effect a eure. ' ; ;
Conjunctivitis, or inflammation of the
membrane covering the globe of the
eye, may be due to a cold, to the action
of bright sunlight or reflection from
water or from snow, or to eye-strain
from some visual imperfection. Usu
ally the boric acid solution will give
relief here, even when the trouble can
not be permanently cured until proper
lasses are worn. -:
Another painful consequence of eye
strain is a succession of sties. When
child suffers frequently from sties,
from sore lids, or from conjunctivitis.
the sight sbould be tested.
i Much harm is often done to the eyes.
as well as to the general health, by
too long application to books, either
school or story-books. Three: hours of
looking at print by daylight and one
hour in the evening, should not be ex
ceeded by any child under 14, for that
Is as much as his eyes, even if their
vision is perfectly normal, will stand
without Injury. Youth's Companion.
'"'Y;:l,;': The Pickles Test. A :
There had been. " an r epidemic - of
mumps In Denver, and every afternoon
brought to the health department
number of children seeking permission
to return to school. Sometimes no doc
tor was present, and they had' to wait.
So, says the Republican, Dr. Carlin de
vised a means by which bis secretary.
Miss . Currigan, might test the appli-
cants. ".';
'Pickles are the thing," said Dr. Car
lin. " "If a person with the slightest
trace of inflammation in the thyroid
glands takes a bite of anything sharply
sour, the face is instantly contorted.
In extreme cases the pain la extreme."
So a bottle of mixed pickles was add
ed to the pharmacopoeia of the office.
Now, when there is no doctor in the
office,: Miss Currigan lines up the appli
cants for certificates and goes down
the line with the bottle of pickles. ' If
the child takes the pickle and smiles
as a healthy child should, he may go
back to school again; but If be scowls
In pain he is condemned to stay at
home. " - -
Decidedly the Reverse. -
TJncle Wellington de Bergh, a retired
English merchant who occasionally
came to visit bis relatives in this coun
try, was an enthusiastic bicyclist, not
withstanding his age, which was over
seventy. - --';- "-;- " '-"t"r- t'-"V?
His other passions was a fondness
for Walker's : Dictionary, which, . be
maintained, was superior to all others,
of whatever date, and. he seemed, to
know It by heart. - v-";';s;
; "Your uncle," said a caller one day,
"appears to be a walking cyclopedia."
"On the contrary," responded one of
TJncle Wellington's American5 nieces,
"he's a cycling Walkerpedia.'
Her Supposition.
' "Did yon say you took a stall at the
theater while you were in London?"
asked Miss Cayenne.
"Yes," answered the young man who
was airing his forelgnisms. :
"I suppose," she proceeded pensively,
"that it must have been one of tbore
recent productions that the critics con
demned for their horseplay." Wash
ington Star.. r
There Is time for everything and ev
erybody, especially the convicts.
Making a Trolley Car. ' '
The first step to take Is to mount the
above diagram on cardboard, prefer
ably Bristol board. When the paste or
glue Is thoroughly dry it should be In
half an hour cut out the pieces.. The
dotted lines, remember, show ' where
you crease or fold; they are not to be
cut at alL You will, find it easier to
paint the car while it Is yet a flat sur
face rather tban after. It has been
molded Into its proper shape. Dark
blue for the body of the car wonld be
good, with brown or yellow trimmings
and black for the roof. The windows
paint a light sky blue with dashes of
Chinese white applied afterwards,: to
Imitate reflections on the glass. i. The
wheels paint black. The car number
and the name of the line can be any
thing you choose. : A represents the top
of the car, X and Y the double bot
tom," Q and R are the tops of the plat
form,' front and rear. Cut this part
in one piece and bend only along, the
dotted lines. Glue X and Y fast to
gether. L and M are the two doors.
B and C are the platforms.' : 8 and T
are the front and rear railings; glue the
sides 1; 2. 4 and 4 fast to the sides, q
the car; and 6 must also- fasten; to th
sides of the car. Cut two strip - of
wood the size and; shape of D and
and glue them to bottom of cartas
axles. Then pin the wheels to the
strips, preferably; with the. .smallest
size of tacks, and the car la complete
and should be In Working order. If
you are afraid of making some slip-up.
it would be a good; plan to make
tracing of the diagram which you can
experiment with before you cut up the
Chinese Blocks.
"One bright spring afternoon a Chi
nese official and his little boy called at
our home, on Filial Piety Lane in Pe-
kln. ; Father and son were dressed ex
actly alike boots of black velvet.
trousers of blue silk, over which hung
a long garment also of blue silk, waist
coat of blue brocade, and skull-cap of
black satin. In every respect, even to
the dignity "of his bearing, the child
was a vest-pocket edition of his father.
- "The boy carried a t'ao-' of books,
which I recognized as 'The ' Fifteen
Magic Blocks.' Now, a t'ao Is two or
more volumes of a book, wrapped in a
single cover. ; The one that the boy'
had contained two volumes. - On the In
side of the cover was a . depression
three inches square, "snugly "fitted with
the fifteen blocks These blocks are
made variously of lead, wood, or paste
board. . i
"All the blocks are in pairs, except
one which Is a rhomboid; and all are
exactly; proportional, the sides being
either half an bach, an inch and a half ,
-tOTA tn.),.. In loncrfh .V-Vi; J.M.:
"The blocks of Chlnesechlldreneare
not used as in our kindergartens, .sim
ply to familiarize the child with geo
metric figures.- The more specific pur
pose, of the fifteen magical blocks is to
picture scenes of history and myta that
will have a moral and Intellectual ef
fect on the budding brain. Of course,
Chinese children build houses, bridges
and wagons just as ours do, but pri
marily their blocks are intended for
education. , ' ' . ... '? -" "
; "The first picture my child) tisitor
built for. me ; that afternoon, was a
dragon horse. '! asked him to tell me
about it. The little fellow, explained
that this 'was the dragon-horse of: Fu
Hsi. Fu Hsl was the original ancestor
of the Chinese people, and he saw this
animal emerge from the depths of the
Meng River. 7 On the back of -the dragon-horse
Fa Hsi described a map con
taining fifty-five spots. -These fifty-five
spots represented the male and female
principles of. nature, and out fit, them
the ancient sage used to construct what
are known as the Eight Diagrams."
Ainslee's. ' -!
Cnte Trick of a FpanlQ. .
It Is said that animals do not reason.
but yon cannot convince the owner of
a black cocker spaniel of this. - The
man lives in New York, and, of course,
the dog acknowledges that city as his
place of residence also. A young lady
0 a
14 ' " I i
.39 wr.-.
of the family to which be belongs ones
teased him by scuffling about the rugs
of her home until she. could give an
electric spark of considerable snap and
then discharging it npon the nose of
her pet, the spaniel. . ; i.
Not long after this abuse the dog was
observed to roll upon the rugs, entirely
of his own accord, and then to run to
the brass bedsteads and obtain a spark.
This he continues to do and his own
observation seems to have taught him
that' be must approach metal in order
to receive the spark. . In one room he
runs to the bedstead; in another to the
register, and as he licks his nose after
the prickling of the spark he never
falls to wag the remains of his tail and
his face assumes a decided expression
of pleasure. '
Thought Cowa Were Blue.
For several weeks past the milk left
at an Englewood home has not been
all that could be desired. It is blue.
and Edna's mamma was frequently
heard to complain about It after the
milkman had gone. On a recent morn
ing Edna -was posted at the window,.
where she waited patiently for the
milkman's coming. When 'she saw him
she went boldly out of the house to
meet him. -
Say,", said the little tot, looking up
at him archly, "are you got blue cows?"
"Blue cows?" repeated the milkman,
aghast, "now I never heard of blue
"Well, your cows give bine milk, any
how," went on the child, "for I heard
my mamma say- so." . : , ,
The milk has been better since. Chi
cago Chronicle.
. Not tbe Boy'a Fault.
'Remember who you are talking to.
young man," said an Indignant parent
to his unruly son. ."I'll have you know
that I'm your father." "Well," replied
the incorrigible, "you needn't throw It
up to me. I can't help It."
Hla Fln&rer Leikel.
Little Harry, while playing, accl
dentally cut his finger. Seeing it bleed
ing, he called out: "Hurry and stop up
my finger, mamma; it's leaking." .
Monte Carlo an! the Great Profits of
.ti e Casino Company.
We hear at intervals of "the man
who broke the bank at Monte Carlo,'
and- more frequently of . unfortunates
whom that institution has broken,
Everybody is familiar with the fairy
like aspect of the place, through in
numerable descriptions, views, or stage
pictures. And the realities are tangi
ble enough, "when we read the periodi
cal; reports, of the toy principality's
business or the pamphlet lately pub
lished by the Casino Company relative
to fts dealings with the Prince of Mon
aco; s The Trince lives upon-the annual
subsidy he receives from the gaming
establishment and his principality a
tract f less than ten square miles, with
ftboiit be twpulation of a small Amer
ican town is . maintained from, the
sanie source, ijn other words, the gam
Wing. spirit,, of, polite Europe Is here
concentrated, organized, administered
ana ."run witn nanasome pronts Dy
the joint -stock company -that leases
Monte Carlo and its concessions. What
these 'profits amount- to may be gath
ered Trom 'some of the figures of the
statement " of " expenses gl ven in the
shareholders' pamphlet'' :
, Lastt season's expenditure of the prin-
cipalityrr-apart from the maintenance
of - the Casino, which was $4,170,000
amounted to $650,000. , Of the latter
sum he Prince received $250,000; the
courts, police, etc., absorbel $100,000
clergy : and schools, $45,000; charities,
$30,000; prizes for sports, $55,000; and
the postoffice and losses, $10,000. Not
withstanding these expenses, $2,880,000
was paid out in dividends on shares.
Summing up, therefore, we find a to
tal revenue of $7,700,000, representing
the amount left at Monte Carlo by the
"fools . of the world" for a season'!
pleasure. x. ":::--'f' '.-" -;'-;;- ::
A large portion of the balance of the
Casino. Company's,; expenditure not
accounted for In the above items Is ab
sorbed by "press subventions,
amounting altogether to $125,000. This
means, as the Monte Carlo philanthro
pists frankly explain in their pamphlet,
that "it is absolutely -necessary to ex
pend large sums in securing tbe good
Will of the continental press." ' Some
of the alluring "but "imaginative tales of
' vast winnings and bank breakings may
be traced to this source.-: It Is also a
fact. that some of the. stories of sui
cides at Monte Carlo are the inventions
of envious journals that do not come
in for a- share "of the spoils. Leslie's
Weekly. v -
The Human Brain. -
. Sir William Turner shows that
among civilized races men have the ad
vantage over women in internal, capac
ity of the cranium and in weight of the
brain itself., -While the average brain
weight of the European male Is from
49 ounces to 50 ounces, In the female
It is only from 44 ounces to 45 ounces.
The difference in size and weight be
gins at birth. . Nor is the inequality con
fined to European races. ' It is observ
able among savages, though in a lesser
degree. . Man is not only the larger and
stronger animal, but is fitted with- n
larger and more powerful supply of
Power Required to Drive a Bicycle,
, The driving of a bicycle, at ten ml leu
an hour has been ascertained to - re
quire- aDout one twenty-toird or ' a
horse-power. An expert rider for ' a
short time may exert one-third of
horse-power, r or . rapid work, not
scorching, one-seventh horse-power li
needed.; - These figures are the result
of a scientific Investigation. ,
- A sign in the window, of an Irish
tinner reads as follows: "Quart meas
ures of all shapes and sizes for sale."
To Trat Crlmaon Clover Seed.
The germination of crimson clover
seed even when the seed is compara
tively pure often leaves much to be
desired. . The seed deteriorates rapidly
with age. There is, however, a sim
ple quality test w ithin the reach of any
buyer, as shown in a home-made ger-
minator Illustrated in a circular of the
Department of Agriculture. A piece of
moist flannel is laid upon a plate, and
a certain number of seeds are counted
out and laid upon the flannel, a second
fold of which is placed over them.
Then another plate is Inverted over
the whole. The seeds are removed and
counted as fast as they germinate. Good
crimson clover will sprout 80 to 90 per
cent of the seed within three days.
Ground Bone as Fertilizer.
As a fertilizer for. certain purposes
ground raw bone deserves a high place,
if it is the genuine article, and Is very
finely ground. Much of that which is
sold for that purpose is not fine enough,
and not only requires too long to be
come available, but in some cases never
becomes so; as it seems to become coat
ed or glazed over so that the acids of
the soil cannot act upon It. . The bone
is not adapted for .a fertilizer for field
crops, "or for , general use upon light
soils, 'but in a ' strong soil well filled
with vegetable" matter It is good for
seeding down to grass, as Its decay-In
the soil may require years during all
of which time It Is feeding the grass
crop "Yet we think we have found
better results from using it around
grape vines and the bush fruits than in
any other way. ". There is ' nitrogen
enough so that when used In the early
(-spring it will promote a good growth
of wood and foliage, just enough for a
thrifty bush or tine, but not enough
to continue that growth during the fall, '
while the phosphoric acid will help to
make a growth of fruit and a jucier and
better flavored fruit than would grow
without It It certainly lacks potash,
and unless upon new soil its effects
would be improved by using about half
the same amount of muriate of potash
with it which will make the wood stirr
er and more hardy. - The amount to use
per acre must depend upon the num
ber and size of plants, but liberality Is
generally the best economy. American
Cultivator. " ' ' " . w
- Market Waxoa Improvement.
It is a -convenience, when peddling
vegetables, fruit, etc., to have a long
bodied wagon, rather than to pile bar
rels and boxes high. With a long-
bodied wagon very little climbing is
necessary; witn a snort-ooaied wagon
constant climbing becomes tiresome.
The plan herewith shows a board plat
form extended beyond the body of the
wagon and on it barrels, boxes, bags,
etc., can be placed and held securely
by a rope. Farm and Home.
- Grain Rust. ;
- The red rust which often appears on
rye and wheat is the same that appears
earlier in tbe season upon the leaves of
the barberry bush. - We have heard It
botb asserted and denied that the same
rust attacks the oat but . never were
able to trace the rust on oats to the
direct vicinity of the barberry, as we
have that which appeared on rye. ; But
Where these grains are grown we ad
vise cutting and burning of all the bar
berry bushes near the field. In some
parts of England they have very strict
laws, oblisinz this to be done. There
are probably some other plants upon
which this, rust can be found,; as it
is sometimes found on grain when
there is not a barberry bush for miles.
but where they are It always starts
on them before it does on the grain.
About the time the grain begins to
harden this turns to a black rust which
is only an advanced form of the same
disease. It does not hurt the kernel
of the grain, unless to cause It to shrink
If It comes very early. Exchange.
The Pea Vine Lonte.
Not long since we said that we would
not give up trying to grow peas, al
though the louse worked a great deal
about us last season, but we hoped
that they might die out or be greatly re
duced after one or two years preva
lence. Now we have the report of the
experiment station at Amherst for 1900,
which says of this pest: "Less has
been heard about this insect than In
1899, though it has caused consider
able loss In several places In the South.
Whether it will increase in importance
during 1901 is at least doubtful." As
it appears upon clover and some other
plants, as well as upon the pea, to stop
planting peas would not starve them
out The season probably was not fa
vorable last year to many species of
insects, as awarm spell started eggs
to hatching early, and it was followed
by a cold period that was too severe
for the very young, and probably many
perished. But it is . not best to trust
the work entirely to nature when we
can find a way to assist In the good
work of defending our orchards and
plants by spraying or by other means.
Massachusetts Ploughman.
- Corn Planting;.
If corn is planted while the ground Is
wet and cold, the germ does not start
or starts only to decay. In this it differs
from the smaller grains, most of which
seem not to require the beat or the air
to promote growth, which are needed
by the corn. These causes operate to
oblige many farmers to replant much
of their cornfields, if they attempt to
hasten their work by putting the seed
in the ground too early. A depth of
two inches Is deep enough for putting
seed corn, unless it is planted very late
in a warm and dry soil. For level cul
ture we would prefer to wait longer,
and then possibly go a little deeper, but
while level culture seems to have found
favor In the so-called corn-growing sec
tions, and is almost a necessity where
the weeder or light harrow is run over
it after the corn is up, it is difficult to
convince the -farmer in New England
that he sbould not hill or ridge it np a
little as he cultivates it. New England
Homestead. '
Sien Board Advertialne. H'
If the farmer when he visited the
city saw nothing on the store fronts to
indicate what was for sale within, he
would tnink tne merennnts were very
much lacking in business ability. But
if he rides out through the eountrv he
seldom sees anything to tell him who
has a cow or pig, eggs or seed" corn to
sell, and' he must inquire and hunt
about it if he wants to buy, unless he
has chanced to hear before he left
home. It would be well for each farmer
to have near the entrance to his
grounds a blackboard on which he
could pnch week nut an flnnntmnpmonf
of what he may have to sell, or wishes
to buy. It would be likely not only to
help him dispose of his products, but
by bringing more customers, and some
farther away, enable him to obtain bet
ter prices. ' It is a cheap and very effec
tive mode of advertising. '
89aklna;.Corn for Horaea
One who has tried it advises soaking
Anwn tnm 1. .... fin Ua.a n nlnAn am
jar, and after each feed put In as much
corn as is Intended for the next feed
and cover with cold water. At feed
ing add a little salt to this and give it.
then prepare the next. He says be does
this and has no trouble with sore
mouth or teeth from the use of hard,
flinty corn. But we prefer to have the
corn cracked when we mix it with oats.
or ground fine and the meal put on hay
that has been cut and moistened. We
think it more thoroughly digested by
the latter method. If one is where he
cannot get his corn to mill, tbe above
hint may be of some value to him,
though we would prefer more than six
hours soaking If we trusted to that en
tirely. Exchange. -
Horticnltnral Notes.
Hardy hydrangea stands drought
There Is no abatement In the demand
for decorative nursery stock.
' The Otaheite dwarf orange as a pot
plant is attractive, whether in fruit or
English Ivy is well recommended for
shady places, such as bare spots under
trees. '
Plant your peaches on high ground,
for It Is coolest In summer and warm
est In winter.
' The extraordinary demand for gera
niums this year runs very largely to
semi-double kinds. -'
The "light pink" Lorraine Is another
of the variations from the beautiful
and popular Glolre de Lorraine.
- Leading fruit-growers have claimed
that where' lime and sulphur are' used
as a wash for trees there will be no
pear blight
: Dahlia growers all over the world
are striving to produce a better flower.
The color is better, tbe stems longer,
and the flower more vigorous.
Fashion rules In flowers as well as
dress. It Is said that English leaders
in floral . matters have decreed tbe
downfall of Incurved chrysanthemums.