Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909, May 14, 1901, Image 1

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zxEKtlb.-tin.,L,.J8.9i7ie. 1 Consolidated Feb., 1899.
VOL. II. NO. 3.
"What makes you keep that big bine
nnbonnet drawn so closely over jour
face? Are you afraid of having it seen?"
The person addressed was a pale, sick
ly looking child about nine years of age,
who on the deck of the vessel Winder
mere, was gazing intently toward the dis
tant shore of old England, fast receding
from view. Near her a One-looking boy
of fourteen was standing, trying in vain
to gain a look at the features' shaded by
the gingham bonnet.
At the sound of his voice the little girl
started, and- without turning her head,
replied, "Nobody wants to see me, I am
so ugly and di3;igre?able."
"Ugly, are you?" repeated the boy, lift
ing her up and looking her fully in the
face. "Well, you are not very hand
some, that's a fart, but I wouldn't be sul
len about it. Xjgly people are always
mart, and perhaps you are. Anyway,
I like little girls, so just let me sit here
and get acquainted."
- Mary Howard was certainly not very
handsome. Her features, though tolera
bly regular, were small and thin, her
complexion sallow, and her eyes, though
bright and expressive, seemed too large
for her face, ."he had frequently been
told that she w,.a homely, and often when
alone had wept, and wondered why she,
too, was not handsome like her sister
Ella, on whose cheek the softest rose was
blooming, while her rich brown hair fell
In wavy masses about her white neck and
shoulders. But if Ella was more beau
tiful than Mary, there was far less in
her character to admire. She knew that
she was pretty, and this made her proud
and selfish, expecting attention from all,
and growing sullen if it was withheld.
Mrs. Howard, the mother of these chil
dren, had incurred the displeasure of her
father, a wealthy Englishman, by mar
rying her music teacher. Humbly at her
father's feet she had knelt and sued for
pardon, but the old man was inexorable
''. and turned her from his house. Late in
life he had married a youthful widow,
who, after the lapse of a few years died,
leaving three little girls, Sarah, Ella and
Jane, two of them his own, and one a
. stepdaughter and a child of his wife's
first marriage. As a last request Mrs.
Temple had asked that her baby Jane
should be given to the care of her sister,
Mrs; Morris, who was on the eve of em-
-"barking'for-AnTCrica;' Sarah, too; was
adopted by her father's brother, and thus
Mr. Temple was left alone with his eld
est daughter, Ella. Occasionally he heard
from Jane, but time and distance gradu
ally weakened the tie of parental affec
tion, which wound itself more closely
around Ella; and now, when she, too, left
him, and worse than all, married a poor
music teacher, the old man's wrath knew
no bounds.
"But we'll see," said he "we'll see
how they get on. I'll use all my influence
against the dog, and when Miss Ella's
right cold and hungry she'll be glad to
come back and leave him."
But he was mistaken, for though right
cold and hungry Ella oftentimes was, she
only clung the closer to her hnsband,
happy to share his fortune, whatever It
; might be. Two years after her marriage,
hearing that her father was dangerously
ill, she went to him, but the forgiveness
she so ardently desired was never gained,
for the old man's reason was gone. Faith
fully she watched until the end, and then
when she heard read his will and knew
that his property was all bequeathed to
' her sister in America, she brushed the
tears from her long eyelashes, and went
back to her humble home prepared to
' " meet the worst.
In course of time three children, Frank,
Mary and Ella, were added to their num
ber, and though their presence brought
sunshine and gladness, it brought also
. an increase of toil and care. Year after
fear Mr. Howard struggled on, while
ach day rumors reached him of the
plenty to be had in the land beyond the
sea; and at last, when hope seemed dying
out, he resolved to try his fortune in the
far-famed home of the weary emigrant.
The necessary preparations for their voy
age were made as soon as possible, and
when the Windermere left the harbor
of Liverpool they stood upon her deck,
waving a last adieu to the few kind
friends who on shore were bidding them
godspeed. -
Among the passengers was George
Moreland, whose parents had died some
months before, leaving him and a large
fortune to the guardianship of his nncle,
a wealthy merchant residing in Boston.
This nncle, Mr. Selden, had written for
his nephew to join him in America, and
It was for this purpose that George had
taken passage in' the Windermere. He
was a frank, generous-hearted boy, and
a favorite with all who knew him. He
was a passionate admirer of beauty, and
the moment the Howards came' on board
and he caught sight of Ella, he felt irre
sistibly attracted toward her. Mary,
whose sensitive nature shrank from the
observation of strangers, eluded all his
efforts to look under her bonnet. This
aroused his curiosity, and when he fol
lowed her addressed to her the remark
with which we commenced this chapter.
At last, gently smoothing back her hair,
which was really bright and glossy, he
aid, "Who told yu that you were eo
, ugly looking?'' The tears started to
Mary's eyes, and her chin quivered, as
he replied, "Father says so, Ella says
so, and everybody says so but mother
and Franky."
"Everybody doesn't always tell the
truth," said' George, wishing to admin
ister as much comfort act possible.
"You've got pretty blue eyes, nice brown
hair, and your forehead, too, is broad
... and high; now if you hadn't such a mud
dy complevion, bony cheeks, little nose,
big ears and awful teeth, you wouldn't
be such a fright!"
George propensity to tease had come
upon him, and in enumerating the defects
in Mary s face he purposely magnified
them; but he regretted it, when he saw
the effect his words produced. Hiding
her face in her hands, Mary burst into a
passionate fit of weeping, then snatching
the bonnet from George's lap, she threw
it on her head and was hurrying away
when George caught her and pulling her
back, said, "Forgive me, Mary. I could
not help plaguing you a little, but I'll try
and not do it again."
For a time George kept this resolution;
but he could not conceal the preference
which he felt for Ella, whose doll-like
face and childish ways were far more
in keeping with his taste than Mary's
old look. Whenever he noticed her at
all, he spoke kindly to her; but she knew
there was a great difference between his
treatment of her and Ella, and ofttimes,
when saying her evening prayer, she
prayed that George Moreland might love
her a little, just a little.
Two weeks had passed 'cince the last
vestige of land had disappeared from
view, and then George was taken dan
gerously ill with fever. Mrs. Howard
herself visited him frequently, but she
commanded her children to keep away,
lest they, too, should take the disease.
For a day or two Mary obeyed her moth
er, and then curiosity led her near
George's berth. For several minutes she
lingered, and was about turning away
when a low moan fell on her ear and ar
rested her footsteps. Her mother's com
mands Were forgotten, and in a moment
she stood by George's bedside. Tender
ly she smoothed his tumbled pillow,
moistened his parched lips and bathed
his feverish brow, and when an hour af
terward, the physician entered, he found
his patient calmly sleeping, with one
hand clasped in that of Mary.
"Mary! Mary Howard!" said the phy
sician, "this is no place for you," and
he endeavored to lead her away.
This aroused George, who begged so
hard Nf or her to remain that the physi
cian went in quest of Mrs. Howard, who
rather unwillingly consented, and Mary
was duly Installed as nurse. Perfectly
delighted with her new vocation, she
would sit for hours by her charge. She
possessed a very sweet, clear voice; and
frequently, when all other means had
failed to quiet him, she would bend her
face near his, and taking his hands in
hers, would sing to him some simple song
of home, until lulled by the soft music
he would fall away to sleep. Such un
wearied kindness was not without its ef
fect upon George, and one day when
Mary as nsual was 'sitting near him, he
called her to hie side; and taking her face
between his hands, kissed her forehead
and lips, saying, "What can I ever do to
pay my little nurse for her kindness?"
Mary hesitated a moment, and then
replied, "Love me as well as you do
Ella I"
"As well as I do Ella!" he repeated;
"I love you a great deal better. She has
not been to see me once. What is the
reason ?" ,
Frank, who a moment before had stol
en to Mary's side, answered, saying,
"Someone told Ella that if she should
have the fever, her curls would all drop
off; and go she won't come near you!"
Just then Mrs. Howard appeared, and
this time she was accompanied by Ella,
who clung closely to her mother's skirts.
George did not as usual caress her, but
he asked her mockingly, "if her hair had
commenced coming out!" while Ella only
answered by grasping at her long curls,
as if to reassure herself of their safety.
In a few days George wa able to go
on deck, and though he still petted and
played with Ella, he never again slight
ed Mary. At last, after many weary
days, there came tie joyful news that
land was In sight; and next morning Bos
ton, with its numerous domes and spires,
was before them. Toward noon a pleas
ant looking, middle-aged man came on
board, inquiring for George Moreland,
and announcing himself as Mr. Selden.
George immediately stepped forward,
and after greeting his nncle, introduced
Mr. and Mrs. Howard, speaking at the
same time of their kindness to him during
bis illness. All was now confusion, but
in the hurry and bustle of going ashore
George did not forget Mary. Taking
her aside he threw round her neck a
small golden chain, to which was attach
ed a locket containing a miniature like
ness of himself painted a year before.
"Keep it," said he, "to remember me
by, or if you get tired of It, give it to
Ella for a plaything."
"I wish I had one for you," said Mary,
and .George replied, "Never mind, I can
remember your looks without a likeness."
Then bidding adieu to Mr. and Mrs.
Howard, Frank and Ella, he sprang into
his uncle's carriage and was rapidly
driven away. Mary looked after him as
long as the heads of the white horses
were in sight, and then taking Frank's
hand, followed her parents to the hotel,
where for a few days they had deter
mined to stop while Mrs. Howard made
inquiries for her sister.
Meantime from the windows of a large,
handsome building a little girl looked
out, impatiently waiting her father's re
turn, wondering why he was gone so long
and if she should like her cousin George.
In the center of the room the dinner
table was standing, and Ida Selden had
twice changed the location of her cousin's
plate, once placing it at her side, and
lastly putting it directly In front, so she
could have a fair view of his face.
"Why don't they come?" she. had said
for the twentieth time, when the sound
of carriage wheels in the yard below
made her start up, and, running down
stairs, she was soon shaking the hands
of her cousin, whom she decided to be
handsome. Placing her arm affectionate
ly around him, she led him into the par
lor, saying: "I am so glad that you have
come to live with me and be my brother.
We'll have real nice times, but perhaps
you dislike little girls. Did you ever see
one that you loved?"
"Yes, two," was the answer. " My
cousin Ida and one other."
"Oh, who is she?" asked Ida. "Tell
me about her. How does she look? Is
she pretty?" .
George told her of Mary, who had
watched so kindly over him during the
weary days of his Illness.
"I know I should like her," Ida said.
"They are poor, yon say, and Mr. How
ard is a music teacher. Monsieur Du
pres has just left me, and who knows but
papa can get Mr. Howard to fill his
When the subject was referred to her
father he said that he had liked the ap
pearance of Mr. Howard, and would, if
possible, find him on the morrow and en
gage his services. The next morning the
sky was dark with angry clouds, from
which the rain was steadily falling. All
thoughts of Mr. Howard were given up
for that day, and as every moment of
Mr. Selden's time was employed for sev
eral successive ones, it was nearly a
week after George's arrival before any
inquiries were made for the family. The
hotel at which they had stopped was then
found, but Mr. Selden was told that the
persons whom he was seeking had left
the day before for one of the inland
towns, though which one he could not as
certain. CHAPTER II.
It was the afternoon for the regular
meeting of the Ladles' Sewing Society in
the little village of Chlcopee, and at the
usual hour groups of ladies were seen
wending their way toward the stately
mansion of Mrs. Campbell, the wealthi
est and proudest lady in town. The spa
cious sitting room, the music room ad
joining, and the wide, cool hall beyond
were thrown open to all, and by three
o'clock they were nearly filled.
At first there was almost perfect si
lence, broken only by a whisper or un
dertone, but gradually the hum of voices
increased, until at last there was a great
deal more talking than working. Then
for a time there. was again silence while
Mrs. Johnson, president of the society,
told of the extreme destitution in which
she had that morning found a poor Eng
lish family who had moved into the vil
lage two or three years before. They
had managed to earn a comfortable liv
ing until the husband and father sudden
ly died, since which time the wife's
health had been very rapidly failing, and
she was no longer able to work, but was
wholly dependent for subsistence upon
the exertions of her oldest child, Frank,
and the charity of the villagers. The day
before the sewing society Frank had been
taken seriously ill with what threatened
to be scarlet fever. ;
The sick woman in whom Mrs. John
son was so much interested was Mrs.
Howard. All inquiries for her sisters
had been fruitless. Since we last saw
them a sickly baby had been added to
their number. With motherly care little
Mary each day washed and dressed it,
and then hour after hour carried it in her
arms, trying to still its feeble moans,
which fell so sadly on the ear of her in
valid mother.
It was a small, low building which
they inhabited, containing but one room
and a bedroom, which they had ceased
to occupy; for one by one each article of
furniture had been sold, until at last Mrs.
Howard lay upon a rude lounge, which
Frank had made from some rough boards.
Until midnight the-little fellow toiled, and
then -when his work was done crept softly-to
the cupboard, where lay one slice
of bread, the only article of food which
the house contained. Long and wistfully
he looked at it, thinking how good it
would taste; but one glance at the pale
faces near decided him. "They need it
more than I," said he, and turning reso
lutely away, he prayed that he "might
sleep pretty soon and forget hdw hungry
he was." . '
One morning when he attempted to
rise he felt oppressed with a languor he
had never experienced, and turning on
his trundle-bed and adjusting his blue
cotton jacket, his only pillow, he again
slept so soundly that Mary was obliged
to call him twice ere she aroused him.
That night he came home wild with de
light "he had earned a whole dollar, and
he knew bow he could earn another half
dollar to-morrow. Oh, I wish it would
come quick," said he, as he related his
success to his mother.
But, alas! the morrow found him burn
ing with fever, and when he attempted
to stand he found it impossible to do so.
A case of scarlet fever had appeared in
the village, and it soon became evident
that the disease had fastened upon
Frank. The morning following the sew-,
ing society Ella Campbell and several
other children showed symptoms of the
same disease, and in the season of gen
eral sickness which followed few were
left to care for the poor widow. Daily
little Frank grew worse. The dollar he
had earned was gone, the basket of pro
visions Mrs,. Johnson had sent was gone,
and when for milk baby Alice cried, there
was none to give her.
(To be continued.)
Down a Mountain Slope.
The descent from the easiest pass
across the Blue Ridge mountains there
abouts, known as Snicker's gap, to the
Shenandoah river, is long and steady.
At regular intervals a little elevation
of solid earth, also known as a brake,
has been banked up across the road
to keep It from being washed away by
the heavy rains. A ferry, propelled by
the river current, carries the stage
coach across the Shenandoah, which
flows at the foot of the mountain.
One day the coach, well loaded with
passengers and their baggage, had at
tained a fair speed when an accident to
the harness occurred. , The driver could
not turn the vehicle id ugainst the high
banks on either side rithout upsetting
It and perhaps maiming its. occupants.
There was nothing to do but to "keep
the horses on their feet and guide
Every time he reached one of the
monnds across the road he had to exer
cise the greatest skill In steering over
it squarely, but by coolness and pre
sence of mind he brought his load safe
ly, although at a tremendous speed,
down the mountain. From long expe
rience he knew where It wis possible
to drive into the river without getting
beyond his depth, and, as he boldly
plunged his team Into the stream an
effective brake upon its speed began to
operate. It soon came to a standstill
and the terror-stricken . passengers
drew a long hjeath once more. Row
boats came out after them, the harness
and brakes , were repaired and - the
Journey resumed, ,':
The poet Campbell found that Com
lng events cast their shadows before"
and " 'Tis distance lends enchantment
to the view."
How to Make a Crosabaw.
Every boy has at some period In his
life had a mania for shooting. Wheth
er his father will give him a rifle or
an airgun matters but little, for shoot
he must and shoot he will, whether it
be with an expensive Winchester rifle
or with the meanest slingshot. When
this period comes on a boy let him
go Into his workshop and make a cross
bow and he will be amply repaid for
his labor.
First, from a piece of straight half
Inch or Inch pine, about thirty inches
long, cut out the stock S, as shown In
figure 1. If he Is to use a bow of um
brella ribs as his power ,the barrel
should be about sixteen Inches long;
If a rubber band is to be used It may
be quite a little longer. Also with the
bowgun a projection P, figure 1, should
be left about two Inches from the end
of the barrel. For the trigger arrange
ment the slot H should be cut "near
the hind end of the barrel, and a wire
trigger formed and arranged as shown,
so that when the trigger T is pulled
back the point of wire which projects
up into the groove cut the length of
the barrel is pulled down Into or to
ward the hole H. f
The bow, if a bow is used, Is formed
of three or four umbrella arms or ribs
tied together In a bunch with stout
thread, :a stout cord being used for a
bowstring. The bow is thrust through
a hole in the part P drilled to receive
it Ad the cord C is run through a
small block or plunger sliding In the
groove as shownv This plunger R, as
shown in figures 1 and 2, lias a notch
N cut in its under side in which the
projecting part of the trigger catches
to hold it In its "set" position. While
in this position the arrow or stone or
whatever is to be fired is placed in
front of the plunger, then the trigger
T is pulled, the point holding the
plunger is drawn :down, releasing the
plunger, which, driving the missile be
fora.jt, projects. long the barrel
groove and thus on to the mark.
; If rubbers are to be used a small
cross stick should be placed where the
bow is and the rubbers run from them.
The hole in the plunger through which
the cord C runs should be a little below
the middle line of the side to give a
more direct blow to the missile.
Almost anything may be used in this
gun, from small stones or, better, peas,
to arrows and small shot. The arrows
or darts are made as in figure 3 with a
sharp pobat in front, made by driving a
shingle nail in the end of the stick and
filing it to a point, and with a straight
feather trailing along behind, fastened
in a small hole drilled behind. This
makes a very good dart. This gun is
very simple and may be made in an
hour by any bright boy, and he will
get the more fun out of it knowing
that he made it himself. Chicago Rec
ord. ,
Charmlne New Plnythintr-..
Our modern toys are as ingenious as
they are varied and pretty, but the
young people of Europe and America
have no monopoly in this regard, says
the Youth's Companion. For centuries
the children of the far East have de
lighted themselves with the very queer
and interesting contrivances known as
expanding water toys.
They come in small wooden boxes
similar to the little paint boxes that
are so well known, and they look like
dirty shavings, broken matches 'and
dilapidated toothpicks. But throw one
of them into water, and the ingenious
little toy at once shows itself to be
something more than a bit of stick.
The wood has been tiln-drled, and as
soon as it touches the water it begins
to absorb the same and to expand al
most indefinitely.' .
As it increases in size It separates,
and suddenly opens and becomes a
very pretty toy. One stick changes in
to a flower pot containing a rose bush
in full bloom, another becomes a fat
mandarin carrying an umbrella, a third
a sea serpent ferocious in its tiny di
mensions. A whale, a tiger and a lady
of fashion taking her daily promenade
are all represented. .
The figures are colored and present
an astonishing variety in design and
How. they are made and compressed
is one of those trade secrets which are
kept Inviolate by the guild which
makes a livelihood by their manufac
ture. '
On rare occasions it is possible to get
larger and more artistic figures, histor
ical charters and portraits of great
monarchs, poets and teachers, dwarfed
trees and tiny houses whose doors and
windows are full of Inmates. .
" The ordinary kind cost a mere song,
'but the finer qualities are often very
expensive. .Expensive or cheap, they
have for long years given pleasure to
the children of Kyoto and Canton.
Elef)hnnt Prob'em, .
A Chinaman died, leaving his prop
erty by will to his three sons as fol
lows: '-; .'.. . ; . . ,
"To Fuen-huen, the oldest, one-half
thereof; to Nupin, one-third, and to
Ding-bat, his youngest, one-ninth there
of." -. - :';
When the property was inventoried
it was found to consist of . nothing
more or less than seventeen elephants,
and it puzzled these three heirs how to
divide the property according to the
terms of the will without chopping up
seventeen elephants, and thereby seri
ously impair their value. Finally they
applied to a wise neighbor, Suen-punk.
for advice. Suen-punk had an elephant
of his own. He drove it into the yard
with the seventeen, and said: .
- "Now, we will suppose your father
left these eighteen elephants. Fuen
huen, take your ihalf and depart."
, So Fuen-huen took nine elephants
and went his way. ;
"Now, Nu pin," said the wise man!
"take your third and go."
So Nu-pin took six elephants and
"Now, Ding-bat," said the wise man,
"take your ninth and be gone."
So Ding-bat took two elephants and
vamoosed. Then Suen-punk took his
own elephant and drove him home
Query Was the property divided ac
cording to the terms of the will? Selected.
Bat By Bar.
Prof. Stagg, the famous gymnasium
instructor and baseball coach of the
University of Chicago, has a new way
to train the eyesight of ball players.
Boys who read this will do well to try
In fielding practice Prof. Stagg has
his men turn their back to the batsmen
until they hear the ball struck. It takes
lively work to turn and locate the ball
in time to catch it. This greatly in
creases the quickness of the players,
and every boy knows that to be quick
is one of the first necessities to being
a good ball player.
Imaginary ; Trouble Removed by an
Exercise of Imagination.
"Nothing is stranger than the way in
which the body and mind may become
dominated by what is called a 'fixed
idea,' said a physician of this city who
makes a specialty of diseases of the
nerves. "What reminded me of the
subject," he went on, "was a very curi
ous case that came to my attention not
a great while ago. A 12-year-old boy,
the son of a very respectable family in
moderate circumstances, who live on
the lower side of Canal street, had a
slight attack of inflammatory rheuma
tism last winter, and upon recovery,
some months later, found himself un
able to straighten his right arm. It was
bent In such a position that the back
of the hand almost touched the shoul
der, and while there was no particular
soreness about it, the boy simply insist
ed that he could "not move 'the elbow
and hold the limb straight. I saw no
reason why there should be any such a
result from his slight rheumatic attack,
and was persuaded from the outset that
the. boy, while no doubt perfectly hon
est, was simply a victim of self-deception.
During his illness he had proba
bly found the arm more comfortable
when bent, and gradually his mind had
become dominated by the fixed idea
that it was Impossible for him to extend
it. In such cases it is useless to argue
with the patient, but frequently some
lucky accident will dissipate the illu
sion. "One day last fall I dropped in to see
the boy, and while I was in the house
an old negro auntie remarked in his
hearing that 'somebody done put a
charm on dat arm,' and that she knew
how to 'take it off.' 'How would you
do it?' I replied. 'I'd use a red charm
stone I have at home,' she said;. 'I rub
it on his shoulder an' dat arm straight
en out shore!' 1 could see the boy was
deeply impressed, and I gave the old
woman a quarter and told her to be
around with the charm stone next af
ternoon. I was on hand myself before
the appointed hour, and told the child,
with a great show of telling him in
confidence, that I rather expected the
charm was going to cure him. The
magic stone turned out to be a piece of
common red flint, but after the old
auntie had mumbled several incanta
tions, rubbed his shoulder vigorously,
and worked him into a state of high
excitement, I took his wrist and sud
denly ypulled the limb straight. 'Why,
she's done it, sure enough!' I shouted,
working the elbow vigorously before he
had time to object; .'try it yourself!
Your arm Is as good as ever!' He moved
it, cautiously at first, and then more
freely, and finally declared he was all
right. The last time I saw him he was
perfectly sound.
"It was merely a case of mind csire
that was all. As the trouble was im
aginary in the first place, a little imag
ination was needed to remove it The
old darky, by the way, got all the cred
it, and she built up a considerable clien
tele on the strength of the episode."
New Orleans Times-Democrat.
Serving the Birds.
Cook (to young mistress who has re
ceived a present of some garnet And
please, 'm. do you like the birds 'igh? .'
Mistress (puzzled) The bird's eye?
Cook What I mean, mum, is, some
prefers the birds stale.,
Mistress - (more puzz'.ed The tail?
(Decides not to seem ignorant.) Send
up the bird, pleased, cook, with the eyes
and the tail! London Punch.
Excess of Women in Norway.
. In consequence of emigration there is
a greater preponderance of women In
Norway than in almost any other coun
try in Europe. The census of 1891
showed that there was an excess of
women over men of almost , 70,000,
while in 1876 this excess amounted to
only 43,000,
State Hospital for Consumptives.
New York is building a State hospital
in the Adirpndacks, " to cost $100,000.
where patients with incipient consump
tion will be treated. ,-.
Corn for the Silo.
There is a popular notion that the
ensilaging of corn adds something to
its value which is not contained in the
original material. This notion fs wrong
and the greater the feed value of the
product put into the silo the greater
will be the value of the ensilage. Corn
should be planted for the silo but little
if any thicker on the ground than it
should be planted where the object is
to produce grain. Corn is distinctively
a sun plant, and if it is so thickly seed
ed that the sun cannot reach all parts
of the growing plant there is produced
a product which is lacking In digesti
bility and which is not relished by
farm stock.
A few years ago some experiments
were conducted by the Cornell experi
ment station, the object being to de
termine what method of planting corn
produced greatest food value. Certain
plats were drilled In thickly so that no
ears would develop, other plats were
planted with the rows 40 inches apart
and with the plants close together in
the row, and other plats were planted
in hills from 3 to 3 feet apart. While
a larger quantity of produce was ob
tained per acre where the corn was
drilled in thickly, yet it contained a
higher per cent of moisture and was de
ficient in protein and in fat
While the money value of the broad
casted corn is not very different from
the value of that grown on the other
plat, this estimate does not take into
account the digestibility of the various
products. Country Gentleman.
Treatment of the Hired Man.
Because a man is working for wages
on a farm or anywhere else It is not
necessary to make him feel that he is
a menial or a mere machine to be
wound up every day to run for so many
hours. I never worked as a farm
hand, but during some ten years or
more in business houses in the city I
only had one employer who gave me
to understand that I was nothing but
a machine to run ten hours a day. I
only stayed with him a year; another
year would have killed me. Every
man in whose employ I was, this one
excepted, made me feel that I had
some responsibility outside of the gen-
eral routine of my work. These men
would discuss methods and ask advice,
and it was no unusual thing for me to
be left in full charge of the business
for weeks, and in one instance several
months. In every day I was made to
feel that the success of the business
somewhat depended upon me. I was
not only to do a certain amount of
work, but was expected to have eyes
and ears open and be ever on the alert
to further the Interests of the firm, and
that I succeeded in so doing is one of
the happy memories of life.
If our farmer community would ele
vate the position of the farmhand by
the same kind of treatment that the
successful business man of to-day em
ploys toward those in his service there
would soon be a better class of help in
the field, a brainy, thinking, seeing
man about the farm in place of the
careless, shiftless, ue'er-do-well farm
hand of bygone days. New York Trib
une. Money ia Fjjss n I Ponltry. "
According to the report of the United
States Commission of Agriculture,-New
York State consumes as many eggs as
England, both disposing of $18,000,
000 worth of hen fruit annually. The
United States yearly consumes $500,
000,000 worth of eggs and poultry.
Canada exports $30,000,000 worth of
eggs annually. The egg industry is
worth $150,000,000 more than all the
dairy products of this nation. The
poultry products of this country aggre
gate more in a year than any single
crop. Of all the country's industries
the poultry industry is most generally
pursued. Last year the poultry earn
ings of the United States amounted to
over $300,000,000, being a greater value
by $52,000,000 than our entire wheat
crop, $105,000,000 greater than our
swine brought us, $30,000,000 smore
than our cotton crop, more than three
times as great as all the interest paid
on mortgages during the year, $112,
000,000 more than we spend for schools,
and yet there are people who think the
hen "small potatoes."
Growing Table Beets.
Upon a sandy loam land which bad
been for ten years heavily manured and
cropped with table beets and celery. It
was found by the New Jersey station
that the use of nitrate of soda in
amounts varying' from four hundred
to seven hundred pounds per acre, -in
three equal applications, hastened the
maturing of the crop. At the first pull
ing and making of two-pound bunches,
there was 63 per cent, more on nitrated
plots than on those without the nitrate.
At a secoJd pulling, .four days later,
the nitrated plots gave 135 per cent
mure uuuenes, ana at intra pulling,
three days later, there was 17 per
cent more, after which they produced
about equal amounts. The greatest
gain per acre by use of nitrate, was
where they used seven hundred pounds
per acre. $27.10 more than where ni
trate was not used. This was due to
the higher price obtained for the earlier
pulllngs, and amounted to about $3 for
every dollar the nitrate cost
Notes for reekeepers.
Drones do not live so long as work
ers. Bees can endure dry cold, but not
Cood vinegar may De made from
More bees are lost in wintering than
by disease.
Lack of ventilation is the cause of
dampness in many hives.
Combs cost the bees about ten pounds
of honey for every pound of comb.
The life of the bee depends on the
work it does. When it labors most
To secure the best results In bee
keeping good movable Jives should be
its life is shortest
It is a serious mistake to let a colony
of bees become overstocked with
Guides for the brood frames and
boxes need not be more than an Inch
in width.
Bees should not be moved during the
winter, nor should they be disturbed
or molested in any way. (
All empty frames of combs should be
well taken care of during the winter
when not in use.
The worst enemy to empty combs in
winter is mice; if allowed access to
them they will destroy them.
Successful wintering of bees depends
to a great extent on the right kind of '
fall management
If colonies are found short of pro
visions during the winter they may be
supplied with food in the shape of
The entrance to the hives should be
contracted during the winter. Three
inches long and three-eighths wide is
Bees seldom, if ever, take a fly while
there is much snow on the ground. If
they are in a proper condition they will
not fly at all. St. Louis Republic
The Hare Craze. -
The Belgian hare craze reminds me
of the carp craze of twenty years ago,
when every man with a pond could
raise his own meat- But where are the
carp and the carp ponds now? Gone
glimmering. A hundred farmers in the
country where I live had carp ponds.
There is not a carp pond, here now. and
the carp is execrated, cussed. Three
years ago more than 400 persons in the
country kept Belgian hares. Now hot
half a dozen keep them, and those who
did keep them could not be persuaded
to try them again. I write this as mat
ter of history. When foolish hare
breeders tell about the hares being bet
ter and more profitable than fowls,
they are digging their own financial
graves. The people can be fooled some
of the time, but not all the time. J. H.
Davis, in Practical Poultryman.
Poor Bntter Versu Bn'terine.
Farmers, their wives, sons and daugh
ters and those helpers on the farms
must decide whether butterine shall
have the preference to butter on the
tables of citizens of cities. Butterine
now has the preference to much of the
butter which is put on the market.
A good, even quality of butter can
be produced on every farm every week
in the year if pains be taken with the
cows, the feed, the milking, the milk,
the cream, the churn, the churning and
keeping the butter after it is churned.
Much of the spoiled butter Is spoiled
after churning by being placed where
it can take up the odors from vegeta
bles, meats or the tobacco smoke from
the pipes of men who sit and smoke
their tobacco in the kitchen while the
crock of butter sits in the pantry or
cupboard near by. H. W. Phelps.
Fineninr Cream.
It is desirable that the ripening of
cream either naturally or artificially
should be at a temperature not exced
,ing G5 degrees, and after the ripening
has been completed that is, when the
lactic acid has been well developed it
should be reduced still lower before
churning, say not to be above 50 de
grees; and some of the best butler has
been made at 47 degrees. Cheese also
ripens best at a low temperature. The
experiment stations have said that
cheese ripened at 65 degrees was bet
ter than that which was allowed to
stand in a higher temperature and that
ripened at 55 degrees was much supe
rior to that at 65 degrees.
Marketing Fam Products. .
Selling grain and hay from the farm
in bulk reduces the profit in two ways.
It is expensive to handle and haul,
and it takes away elements of fertility
that should be bared and returned to
the soil. Feed hogs, sheep and cattle
and so market your product in the
most condensed form and in the easi
est way, on the hoof, and keep up the
land while you are cropping it
. ' Horses Com in jr Bactr.
Horses are again coming back In the
harness. -A big concern in Chicago
which invested heavily in all kinds of
horseless vehicles to do their transpor
tation have abandoned them and gone
back to the horse. What with keeping
them in repair and the charges for
electricity, they found that the new
method cost twice as much as the old
method. -