Corvallis gazette. (Corvallis, Benton County, Or.) 1900-1909, May 08, 1900, Image 1

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SXinVti-'S.Vi... i Consolidated Feb., 1899.
VOL. I. NO. 2
Seven-Tear-Old California Girl, Who
Lives In a World that Seems Bottom
aide Up and Backward Her Case a
There Is a 7-year-old girl In Alvlso,
Cal., who lives in a world all her own.
.Nobody would want to share her world
with her, because it is a topsy turvy
oue so very topsy turvy that it makes
the head dizzy just to think about it.
Little Mary Terry sees everything bot
touiside up and backward. The ex
periences that each day brings to this
child In real life are more remarkable
than those which befell Alice In Won
derland, for Alice was fiction and Mary
is fact.
This sole inhabitant of topsy turvey
dom is the daughter of a Portuguese
rancher near Alvarado. For two years
she has atttended the Alvlso public
school. She is a pretty child, shy and
graceful, with rosy coloring and black
hair. Uer case puzzles the wise men
of the West. So far as is known, a sim
ilar instance has not been brought to
the attention of science.
It was nearly a year before her
teacher. Miss Carrie Parrish, discov
ered the strange peculiarity of Mary.
The first sis months' work in the re
ceiving class consists mainly of the
teaching of English. From the first
Mary appeared timid and seemed
slower of comprehension than the oth
er members of her class. Nobody
could understand why she did not
learn faster. For a whole year her
strange hieroglyphics appeared utterly
meaningless to her teacher, who could
only wonder at their invariable Incor
rectness. One day a certain method
in their madness became apparent to
Miss Parrish. Then she discovered that
her little pupil was not only writing
everything upside down, but was re-
versing everything that she wrote. If
you will take a sheet of paper, write
your name on it, turn it upside down,
reverse the sheet and hold it up to the
light you will see what Mary Terry
sees when she has the pleasure of be
holding your honorable signature.
Since the date of her discovery It has
been a perpetual struggle for Miss Par
rish to keep pace with her pupil's pe
culiar point of view, and after patient
effort, most praiseworthy on the part
of a teacher who is In constant charge
of four and five different grades of pu
pils. Miss Parrish has succeeded In
making the little girl understand that
to be herself understood she must re
verse and Invert what she sees.
It would seem as If Mary were not
less but more gifted than the average
child to have been capable of under
standing the complex and difficult com
mand laid upon her, though the testi
mony of experts is all on the other
side. This Is, however, reasoning by
analogy, as the writer has so far found
no identical case in optical annals,
Bplegelschrift or mirror-writing, which
Is found to be common among half
witted children, being the nearest a;
proacb to this perversity of vision, lu
cases of mirror-writing, unconsciously
produced as a correct copy of ordinary
writing, paralysis of the right side is
often found.
A simple inversion of things, without
the accompanying reversion, is a fairly
common conception, and the attempt
to conceive of the various physical and
psychical phenomena consequent on
living In an upside down world, has
been made the subject of practical ex
periment in San Francisco, when G.
M. Btratton, A. M., professor of psy
chology at Berkeley University, made
his famous looking-glass experiments.
But neither of these reached the unique
point of view which Is Mary Terry's
peculiarity. The other day at the
school. In looking at the words on the
blackboard, she seemed to be trying to
peer over them to the other side,
which Is exactly the mental attitude
necessary to the ordinary observer for
the conception of the origin of Mary's
kind of writing.
It is apparently Impossible for her,
until she has been over the letters, to
understand their meaning. Imagine the
mental gymnastics required of that lit
tle head. It was amusing to see Mary
hold her reader indifferently upside
down or rightside up, reading equally
well in either case.
Doctors express the belief that the
defect in Mary's make-up is mental,
rather than physical. That as an
image reflected on the retina is invert
ed, and that as It is a mental effort
only which enables man to see things
right side up, it must be a mental lack
In Mary's case which hinders her from
seeing as the rest of mankind sees.
New Combination of MetaTs Which Is
Kxpected to Be Very Useful.
By a new process of rolling a Massa
chusetts genius has succeeded in at
taining results that, so far as sheet
metal work is concerned, are almost
equal to what he would be able to ac
complish If he had rediscovered the
secret of tempering copper. The Mas.
sachusettts genius has succeeded, ac
cording to the Cleveland Leader, in
getting Frank Rockefeller, brother of
the president of the Standard Oil Com
pany, and himself a very rich man, in
terested in the matter.
The inventor has succeeded in mak
ing sheets of seemingly pure copper of
wonderful thinness and with the
springiness, strength, and capacity for
being tempered that steel has. The
process consists In rolling a hot steel
plate and two heated copper plates at
the same time In such a way that the
copper forms a skin over the surfaces
of the steel and gives it all the weather
resistance that pure copper has.
On his desk in the standard oil offices
In this city Fraud Rockefeller has a
small sheet of the new material, no
name for which has yet been selected.
The sheets were the size of letter pa
per, and so thin as not to be much
heavier. The steel Itself was several
times as thick as the copper, and yet
on each surface of the steel there was
a perfect skin of copper, so thin that
a strong magnifying glass did not ex
pose the edges. To all appearances the
sheet was all copper, but its springi
ness showed that it was not.
Although be has had considerable
correspondence with the Inventor, Mr.
Rockefeller has not yet met him. Last
summer the inventor sent some sam
ples of bis new sheet metal to Mr.
Rockefeller, who had an idea that such
plates of greater thickness would be
valuable material for making steel lake
steamers. He arranged with Captain
McDougall to tow a model made of the
new material behind one of bis whale-
backs for a trip up and down the lakes,
to see how it would stand the experi
ence. When the model came back the
copper skin over the steel plates was as
shiny as when it had been put into the
water. Whether it is along this line,
or in the making of stamped articles of
use and ornament such as gas chan
deliers, cornices and roofings, that the
new materia will be used, will in a
measure depend on the cost of produc
tion under actual conditions.
"I think that the invention Is one of
the most remarkable that has come to
my notice, and people are all the time
trying to get me Into something of that
sort," said Mr. Rockefeller. "The cop
per and steel are all rolled at the same
time, and in the finished plate, no mat
ter whether It is thick or thin, the cop
per is united with the steel so that It
Is impossible to break or strip It off.
It is practically a single thickness of
metal with a copper surface on either
or both sides, whichever way It la
made and it can be made either way."
Evil Common Among the Roustabout
and Is Spreading; Fast.
The troubles which steamboat men
have been having with their negro
roustabouts have been increased by the
spread of the cocoaine habit among the
negroes. When the cocoaine habit
found its way among the negroes it is
Impossible to say, but is now the favor
ite mode by which they seek forgetful
ness. It is as yet confined to the city
negroes, but some of the planters have
expressed the hope that the use of the
drug be broken up in New Orleans be
fore It reaches the cotton plantations.
Whisky is bad enough, they say, but
traffic in it can be controlled far more
easily than the purchase and sale of
cocaine tablets.
The tablets are composed of cocaine
and pbenacetlne in about equal propor
tions. Some chemical genius discover
ed that phenacetlne prolongs the ef
fects of cocaine, and, as it is a much
cheaper drug, it is used as an adulter
ant for the cocaine. When a negro
roustabout has swallowed one of these
tablets he seeks the most secluded part
of the boat upon which he has shipped,
and, biding himself among the cargo,
lies down and enjoys the vision of rest
that the drugs cause. The effect Is
very like that of opium, only far less
violent, more a restful, sleepy feeling.
For a little while the cocaine fiend Is
as happy as a mortal can be, and he
will probably keep on swallowing
tablets until the mate comes around
and finds him shirking duty and dream
ing among the cotton bales, and admin
isters a strong and effective antidote
with the hickory stick which is his
badge of authority. This continues
throughout the roustabout's voyage, as
long as the box of cocaine tablets holds
ouL When the box has run out he will
play craps with the other "musters"
and buy more cocaine if he wins.
The evil has grown steadily of late,
and a number of drug stores In the
negro district do an Immense business
in cocaine. So large is the business
that the average negro walks Into a
drug store and puts down a quarter or
a half-dollar without a word and re
ceives a box of cocaine tablets in re
turn, the drug clerk knowing by Intui
tion what he wants; or if the negro
says anything It Is likely to be only
The cocaine habit Is most common
among the river negroes, nearly all of
whom are addicted to It. They take
their cocaine in tablets. These are
dissolved In a glass of whisky, If whis
ky is handy, but If not the tablet Is
swallowed. The city negroes, who use
the drug less generally, take It In the
form of crystals or powder, which is
snuffed up the nose. The cocaine habit
is fast driving out the morphine habit,
which, however, never had much hold
among the negroes. The cocaine can
be taken so much more easily, and
when mixed with phenacetlne is
Stirling Follows the Sparrow.
The English starling has been
brought to New York and Is domesti
cating Itself rapidly. Although Intro
duced only a year or two ago, It has
increased considerably in numbers and
in many of the uptown streets Its musi
cal piping can be heard this spring.
In teaching the young, be careful not
to deceive (hem: they will catch you
at it
Bow Britain Treats Her Royal Cap
tives, of Whom She Has Had Several
Within a Very Few Years General
Lronje at St. Helena.
An Insight may be gained as to treat
tnent in store for leaders of the Boer
republics who may suffer defeat and
fail to escape Into either German or
Portuguese territory by comparison
with that of princes and kings held
captive heretofore by the British gov
eminent. In 1849 when the State of
Maharajah Dhuleep Singh was finally
annexed to the Indian empire, that
potentate was "requested" to take up
his residence In England the induce
ment of a ready compliance being
added by the promise of a yearly in
come of $240,000, with nothing at all
as an alternative. Dhuleep Singh wise
ly acquiesced, purchased the fine es
tate of Brandon In Norfolk, upon which
he resided for many years as a wealthy
English country gentleman.
. Though during this period the ma
harajah frequently expressed the de
sire to revisit his native country, pro-
fesslng the utmost loyalty to the em
press queen, yet he was never permit
ted to travel east of the isthmus of
Suez. In this case the bond seems to
have descended upon the heads of his
children, for while bis sons have en
tered the British army and one of
them, Prince Victor, recently married
the daughter of the Earl of Coventry,
yet they have never been allowed to
set eyes on the land over which their
ancestors ruled.
Approaching Calcutta on the left
bank of the Hujli River at Garden
Beach the visitor will have pointed out
the fine palace of the late Wajid All,
King of Oudh. There from 1856 until
a recent date this prince was held In
semi-captivity upon an annual allow
ance of $600,000, the only proviso as to
his freedom of action being that he
should not leave the vicinity of Calcut
ta. The King of Oudh, true to those
prodigal hereditary instincts which
brought about his downfall, not only
managed to expend this large sum, but
In the keeping of snake mounds,
menageries and other costly forms of
amusement dear to the oriental mind
was obliged to draw frequently upon
the Imperial treasury for further
amounts. The generosity and leniency
with which he was thus treated was
probably due to the fact that he offered
no armed resistance to his own deposi
tion. Blazing with jewels and seated
in a smart equipage, with servants In
royal liveries, the King of Oudh was
often a conspicuous figure on the Cal
cutta maidan the famous park where
the society of the Indian capital takes
an outing after the heat of the day has
Far different was the fate of the poor
old Bahadur Shah, last of the Great
Moguls. After the faU of Delhi in 1851
he was tried for high treason and sent
as a state prisoner to Rangoon. There,
In a small hut, the only lineal descend
ant of Shah Jehan and Anrangzeb
passed the remainder of his days, un
noticed and upon a mere pittance. As,
however, both of his sons were slaugh
tered and a less culpable rebel leader,
Tantia Topi, was executed, he may
have thought himself fortunate to es
cape with his life.
Near Colombo, In Ceylon, England
still holds In light durance Arab!
Pasha and his colleagues of the Egyp
tian rebellion of 1882. While Arab! has
not ceased to bemoan his fate and use
lessly petition the British government
for permission to return to Egypt, yet,
considering the nature of his offense,
and that he was sentenced to death, his
lot cannot be considered burdensome.
Provided with an Income sufficient for
his wants, a pleasant residence, permis
sion accorded him to receive visitors
and a considerable measure of freedom
within the district, be would undoubt
edly have been worse off had his suc
cessful enemies been his own race and
Of minor potentates England has at
present one African, being confined to
the limits of that Island in the South
Atlantic made famous as the prison of
the great Napoleon, and another even
the far less desirable residence of Cape
Coast Castle. For several years Cete-
wayo, king of the Zulus, was held an
unreslgned prisoner at Ghowe, near the
scene of the present military operations
in Natal, where he died before the
promise of restoration to his throne
was carried into effect St Louis
England Alone Can Lay Telegraph
Lines Across the Great Oceans.
There are no American makers of
ocean cable, so the insertion of a clause
in the Pacific cable bill by the House
Committee on Commerce, providing
that "the cable shall be of American
make, and that the cable ships shall fly
the American flag," is considered by
President Scrymser of the Pacific
Cable Company to be likely to affect
the rapidity and thoroughness of the
He said to-day: "We in America
never have done that work, and the
plants, the capital and, above all, the
experience, which are required for
ocean cable-making cannot be Impro
vised under the touch of a government
undertaking. A look at the history of
cable-making for ocean lines will show
why we haven't done the work and
why we cannot do it offhand, even if
we try.
"Practically all ocean cables, from
the first transatlantic line In 1857 np to
the present day, nave been made In
England, and English firms have a
practical monopoly of the experience.
The first Atlantic cable was made by
Glass, Eliot & Co. The failure of this
and the loss of the second resulted in
the formation of a great company the
Telegraph Construction and Mainten
ance Company backed by great capi
tal, and this company made a success
of the third cable and gave impetus to
further work of the sort But the nec
essary experience had been expensive
and England was the first to acquire It
Then, in 1870, when England paid $60,
000,000 for the land telegraph lines of
the islands, that capital went at once
into plants and ships for making and
laying ocean cable. Thus England had
the lead. To make the cable in Amer
ica we would have to have a big plant
and a good many men of practical ex
perience in such work.
"For this, a large Investment, far
Into the millions, would be required,
and If the cable, when laid, should fail
In any way, its makers would suffer a
dead loss of all their work and have to
replace the cable at their own cost
Then there must be some ten ships of
at least 4,500 tons specially constructed
for the work. Each ship requires a full
outfit of apparatus for every branch of
the work and to be manned by men of
experience. All this equipment Is found
only in England. Evidence of this ap
pears in the course taken by Germany
in the matter of the new German cable
to New York, via the Azores. Ger
many wanted a cable she could be sure
of and wanted it quickly Just the situ
atlon at present of the United States.
She guarantees about 7 per cent of the
whole cost, and then the cable Is made
In England. That shows the German
appreciation of this need of experience
and great equipment" New York
Evening Post
Would Beg Him to Shoot.
This young fellow is engaged to a
pretty Detroit girl, but they don't care
to publish the bans until after Lent
says the Detroit Free Press. This dis
turbs an irascible old uncle of hers.
who has a daughter of bis own, too
much after his own style to be a fa
vorite. He took it upon himself to send
for the young man the other day.
"Are you going to marry that niece of
mine?" he asked sternly, when they
were alone in the inner office.
"Pardon me, sir, but I must decline
to answer. She has a father and a
mother, and I'm on good terms with
them. I fail to see that it is your
"There's a whole lot that you fall to
see, young man. I'm really the head
of our family, and I'll not shirk my
duty. Her parents are a couple of
chumps. Are you or are you not en
gaged V
"You force me to say, sir, that It Is
none of your infernal business, and
that you are just what I thought you
were, a sour, cross-grained old cur
"See here, sonny, I'll not bandy
words with the likes of you, but if you
had been going with my daughter as
long as you have my niece I wouldn't
do a thing but put a revolver to your
head, informing you that If you didn't
marry her I'd shoot"
"And I'd beg of you to shoot"
Very Complimentary Advice.
Through carelessness on the part of
the committee of a well-known London
club, and some dexterous wire-pulling
by the Individual concerned, an ex
ceedingly unpopular man contrived to
secure his election; but he soon made
himself generally obnoxious to. his fel
low-members by continually posing
and swaggering on the steps at the en
trance. One morning, not long after he had
taken up his customary position, a
prominent member of the club, whom
we will call Major Dash, came up the
steps, and in passing him Bald, with
quiet sarcasm:
"I say, K , I could get subscrip
tions to the tune of five hundred
pounds for you In the club If you
would only take your name off the
K rushed off In a tremendous
rage to a friend of his with the story.
"What do you think?" he shouted.
I have been outrageously Insulted by
that Major Dash. He has just said that
If I would take my name off the club
books he would get up a subscription
of five hundred pounds for me. What
would you do?"
"Well," replied his friend, "If I were
you, I wouldn't take It You stand out
a bit and you'll get a thousand."
"May you take this lesson home with
you to-night dear friends," concluded
the preacher at the end of a very long
and wearisome sermon. "And may Its
spiritual truths sink deep into your
hearts and lives to the end that your
souls may experience salvation. We
will now bow our heads in prayer.
Deacon White, will you lead?"
There was no response.
"Deacon White," this time in a loud
er voice, "Deacon White, will vou
Still no response. It was evident that
the good deacon was slumbering. The
preacher made a third appeal and
raised his voice to a pitch that succeed
ed in waking the drowsy man.
"Deacon White, will you please
The deacon rubbed his eyes and
opened them wonderingly.
"Is It my lead? No I Just dealt"
Detroit Free Press.
Human Nature.
Mr. Tigg I don't see how that Mon
treal girl could sleep sixty days.
Mrs. Tigg (speaking from observa
tion) Probably some one kept calling
her to breakfast right along. Balti
more American.
Some people wear glasses because
Viey can't believe their own eye.
Fertilizing; for Corn.
Crops of corn have been reported ex
ceeding 100 bushels of shelled corn per
acre. If we remember correctly, but we
do not believe that any man can grow
corn profitably If he tries to grow one
hundred bushels of ears to the acre,
unless he Is unusually favored by the
season, and we doubt If he would suc
ceed one year In ten. The strongest
and richest land on the farm is not
good corn land. Corn needs a warm
soil and a warm season, and while a
dry season lessens production because
there Is not moisture enough to perfect
the crop, a wet season does the same
thing because there Is not enough heat
to make rapid growth. Heavy manur
ing makes a rank growth of leaf and
stalk, and that keeps the ground so
cool by shading It that ears do not de
velop, and possibly the dense foliage
also prevents pollen from the tassel
from reaching the silk as it falls. We
think the man who wants 100 bushels
of shelled corn can grow it on three
acres with less labor and fertilizer
than he can on one, and be more
sure of it in an ordinary season, while
possibly a favorable season may in
crease his crop to 150 bushels on the
three acres, but would not be apt to do
so on one acre. There are crops In
which the yield can be much increased
by extra fertility and extra labor on a
small plot but not the corn crop, un
less some new variety Is found.
Am erican Cultivator.
Nursing Bottle for Calves.
A nursing bottle may be used as a
feeder for the calf by. which its wean
ing will take place at a much earlier
date than by the old method, and by
this device the calf absorbs the thin
blue substitute fed to it In a way so
entirely natural that It remains In ignor
ance of the deception being practiced
upon it. A bracket or supporting device
for the milk receptacle Is first provided.
and to this frame a horizontal bar Is
attached, carrying at Its extremity a
rubber nipple of ample proportions.
Connected with the nipple Is a flexible
tube extending Into the liquid In the
paiL Inside the nipple there is a rub
ber tubular re-enforcement having
cross-slits in it, which acts as a valve.
With this device the calf may be fed
liquid nourishment, receiving It slow
ly and by natural sucking.
Useful on the Farm.
A good spray pump Is a useful arti
cle in many ways about the farm. It
can be used to spray the potatoes. It
is used to apply kerosene emulsion to
destroy the suctorial insects, such as
the aphides, or plant lice, on plums.
cherries and young apple trees, and of
which I propose to treat in a future
chapter. And It can be used to white
wash the cellar, the poultry house, the
stable and other buildings. It can be
used to advantage In applying disin
fectants for preventing the spread of
contagious diseases, etc.
A word or two as to the cost of spray
ing, say you nave rour or nve acres
of orchard, it will take about five bar
rels of mixture for each spraying.
Twenty pounds bluestdne, at 7 cents
per pound, $1.40; Paris green, 50 cents;
lime, 15 cents; total, $2.05 for material.
A man and boy with a horse will do it
in one day; say $2 for wages, and you
have the cost of each spraying, $4.05.
If sprayed four times, total cost, $16.20.
One good crop of clean, marketable
fruit will give a big profit on the invest
ment. Farmers' Advocate.
Plowlne May Be Too Early.
Many farmers are very impatient to
start the plow in the spring. As soon
as the snow disappears and they find
a few dry spots In the highway the
plow Is brought out and started. The
soil being cold and wet the upturned
furrow presents a smooth, glossy ap
pearance, and If future freezing does
not occur it will bake hard and firm,
requiring several harrowlngs to put it
Into a proper condition for a seed bed.
Not only is this extra labor required,
but the soil at plowing Is so soft that
the horses at each step sink almost to
the bottom of the furrow. This is very
injurious, and most of these early
plowers would not think of allowing
other stock upon the fields when In this
condition. The act of plowing obliter
ates the foot-marks, and they imagine
bo harm Is done, but they are greatly
mistaken. No fanner ever gained any
thing In the end by plowing his soil
when not in a proper condition. Per
haps there Is some advantage in mark
ing out lands in a field that is natural
ly wet and heavy, as the furrows thus
made act as surface drains, and if the
land be nearly level the water is drawn
from the surface soil to a distance of
several feet upon each side, and if It
can be drained off at the end of fur
rows a positive gain will be accom
plished. Orange Judd Farmer.
Kansas Farmers Salt Their Land.
Two farmers living near Iola, Kan.,
have received a 40,000-pound car of
salt from Hutchinson, which they will
use on their farms, says the Abilene
Chronicle. Both have extensive farm
Interests which they look after them
selves and they propose to sow the salt
with oats, wheat and flax, on the the
ory that land so treated Is given the
chemicals required by those grains and
in the belief that chinch bugs will shun
the fields. Some of their unpractical
town friends have rather a hankering
for the belief that wheat so treated
will grow loaves of self-rising bread.
At any rate the test Is one which will
be watched with interest and the farm
ers may reap good returns from the
$100 or more Invested by theso gentle
men in an experiment.
Stone Drains.
The accompanying cut shows an ex
cellent way of making a drain where
there Is plenty of stone available. AA
are two flat stones placed as shown,
one upright and the other sloping; the
rest of the drain, B. Is filled In with
small stones, and on top is laid some
brush. A correspondent says he has
put In drains for the last sixty years
according to this method, and has
found them to work well, better than
the square stone drains.
Cost of Feeding Dairy Cows.
An accurate statement of the results
of the State Agricultural College herd
In Minnesota shows that the average
feed cost per cow last- year was 5.4
cents per pound of butter and the aver
age price realized by patrons from
sales of butter was 17 cents per pound.
The average price obtained by patrons
of the creamery was nearly 25 cents
per pound. There are over 700 cream
eries In Minnesota and over 500 of
them are operated and owned by farm
ers as co-operative creameries. In
Meeker County there are fourteen
creameries, and the amount realized
la t year by patrons was $250,000; in
Steele County, with eighteen cream
eries, the sum was over $600,000, while
In Jefferson County, Wisconsin, the
enormous sum of $1,750,000 was real
ized by patrons of creameries In that
county alone.
Inoculation Against Blackleg;.
Kansas and the Western States' cat
tle are susceptible to blackleg, which
cannot be successfully cured, but Im
munity is practically secured by inocu
lation. The Kansas experiment sta
tion, Manhattan, Bulletin 67, treats
this subject, after sending out free ma
terial sufficient to inoculate 100,000
cattle. Kansas lost 30.000 cattle from
blackleg in 1808, worth $600,000. Some
cattlemen report a loss of 6 per cent
of cattle. Vaccination Is the only suc
cessful preventive measure, producing
a mild form of blackleg, from which
the animals readily recover and are
then Immune from further attacks. If
properly vaccinated, 99 per cent can be
Of Interest to the Farmers.
A Kansas City horseman has con
tracted to supply the Government 400
cavalry horses at $112.50 a head.
The prune growers of Washington,
Oregon and Idaho have combined to
advance prices, and If the rest of the
coast producers join them they promise
a raise shortly.
Many farmers who have marketed
much maple syrup from Vermont have
become discouraged on account of the
ravages of a forest worm, which is
killing the sugar maple.
Oleo production In Chicago in Feb
ruary was 4,106,000 pounds, compared
with 3,987,000 pounds a year ago. Sixty-seven
licenses to retail oleo were is
sued, against forty-one a year ago.
The recent sale of four cars of choice
unshorn fed western sheep at Chicago
at $6 per 100 pounds meant the highest
figure touched since 1893, when $6.75
was paid. The sheep averaged 132
pounds and were sent In from Winona,
The only cereals grown In the Phil
ippines are rice and corn. Of these,
rice is by far the more Important, be
ing the staple food of the native popu
lation, as well as the inhabitants of
other oriental countries. A scarcity
of rice always brings hardship and suf
fering to the people.
From the Scientific American It Is
learned that a horse can draw on the
worse kind of road about four times
as much as be can carry on his back.
On a good macadamized road he can
pull ten times as much and on a paved
road twenty-five times as much and on
a street railway fifty-eight times aa
much as he can carry on bis back.