r v VOL. 3, NO. 39. DALLAS, OREGON. SATURDAY. DEO. 14. 1872. WHOLE NO. 144. T IfTRTPR A I PPPHTIRT W A TV JJj II JED JDJ ITO, i iu M,LjL UJDJljiiUllxlo j She Scrat 3JjuHi tatt Is Issued Every Saturday Morning, it Dallas, Folk County, Oregon. ff. C. SULLIVAN PROPRIETOR, SUBSCRIPTION BATES. SINGLE COPIES One Year, $2 00. Six Months, $1 25 Ibreo Months, $100 For Clubs of tea or more $1 75 per annum. Subscription must be paid atricHy in advance ADVERTISING RATES. Gne square (10 lines or los.oV rstisertn, $3 00 Each subsequent insertion'. 1 00 A liberal deduction will be made to quar terly and yearly advertisers. Professional cards will bo inserted at $12 00 -per annum. Transient advertisements must be paid for in advance to insure publication. All other ad reriising bills must be paid quarterly. TiOgal tenders taken at their current value. Blanks and Job Work of every description -urnished at low rates on short notice. THE ILLUSTRATED PHRENOLOGICAL JOURNAL, is in every respect a Firt- Class Magazine. Its articles are of the highest interest to all. It teaches what we are and how to make the most of ar?ci e.f . The informa tion it contains on the Laws of Life and Health -is well worth the price of the Magazine to every Family. It is published at $3 00 a year, liy a special arrangement wo are enabled to offee the Phrenological Journal as a Premium tor a new lubscribers to the Orrron Republican, or will furnish the Phrenological Journal and -Orkco.n Republican together for $1 00 We commend the Journal to all who want a J2XTRACT3 PROM TIIK PKHSI- MEXICO Since your last session the President af the Mexican Republic, distinguish jed by his high character and by hi J services to his country, has died His temporary successor has now been elected with prcat unanimity by the people, a proof of confidence; on their jart in his patriotism, which it is believed will be confirmed by the re sults of his administration- It i.- -paticularly desirable that nothing should be left undone by the Govern ments of the two republics to strength en their relations as neighbors and friends. It is much to be regretted that many lawless acts coutinue to disturb the quiet of the settlements on .the border between our territory and that of Mexico, and that complaints jof jrroog to American citizens in vari ous parts of the country are made. The revolutionary conduct in which the neighboring Republic has so long been involved has in some degree contribu ted to tbis disturbance. It is to be hoped that a more settled rule of order through that Republic, which be .expected for the present government, and that the acta of which just com plaint has been made will cease. The proceedings of the Commission under the convention with Mexico on the 4th of Jnly,1808, on the subject of claims, have unfortunately been check ed by an obstacle, for the removal of which measuies have been taken by the two Governments,' which it is be lieved will prove successful. The Commissioners, appointed pur suant to a joint resolution of Congress, of 7th of May last, to inquire into the depredations on the Texican frontier, have diligently made investigations on that subject. Their report upon the subject will be communicated to you. Their researches wyre necessari ly incomplete, parthdy on account of the limited appropriation made by Congrcf-s. Mc?ico, on the part of that Government, appointed a similar commission to investigate these out. rages. It is not announced officially, but tho press ofthat country states that he fullest investigation is d r d ; n I tout the co-operation of all parties corncerncd is invited to secure that end. T, therefore, recommend that a special appropriation be made at the earliest day practicable, to enable the Commissioner on the part of the United States to return to their labors without delay. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR The Secretary of the Interior re ports as satisfactory the improvement and progression in each of the soyeral bureaus under the control of the Inte rior Department. They are all in excellent condition. All the current, business has been promptly dispatch ed. The policy which was adopted at the beginning of this administration with regard to the management of the Indians has been as successful as its most ardent friends anticipated within so short a time. It has reduced the expenses of their management decreased their forays ubon the white settlements tending to give the largest opportuity for the extension of the great railways through tho public domain and the pushing of settlements into many districts of couutry, aud at the same time to improve the .condition of the Indians. This policy will bej maintained without changa exepting such as farther experience may show to bo. necessary to render it more efficient. The Subject of converting the so-called Indian Territory south of Kansas into a home, for the Indians and erecting thereon a territorial form of Government, is one of very great importance as a complement to the existing Indian policy. The question of their removal to the territory has within the past year been presented to many tribes resident upon other and less desirable portions of the pnpblie domain, and has generally been recicved by them with favor. As other prelimi nary step to the organisation of such a territory, it will be neccesary to confine the Indians now resident thereon to farms of proper size, which should be secured to them in Tee, residue to be ued for the settlement of other friend ly Indians. Efforts will be made in the immediate future to induce the removal of as many of the peacea bly disposed Indians ci:!" t-i i Icdiri Territory as can be settled properly without disturbing the harmony of those already there. A proper loca tion, now available, where a people who are endeavering to acquire a knowl edge of pastral and agricultural pur suits can be as well accommodated as upon the uuoeupied lauds of tho Indian Tetritory. A Territorial Government should, however, protect the Indians from inroads of tho whites for a term of years, until they became sufficiently advanced in the arts of civilization to guard their own rights For the same period, during the last fiscal year, there was dnpo.-ed of out the public lands. 1 l,bO 1,975 acres a quantity greater by 1,009,270 acres than was disposed of the previous year. Of this amount, 1,370,320 acres were sold for cah ; 380,100 acres located vith military warrants; t. 07 1. 332 acres taken for homesteads ; 00.'J,013 acres located with college scrip ; 3,55 1,887 acres granted to railroads; 450,317 acres granted to wagon road ; 711,255 acres givn to States as swamp land. and 5,700 acres located bv Indian scrip The cash receipts from all sources in the Land Oifico amounted $3,208,100 during tho same period; 22,010,008 acres of public lands were surveyed, which,added to the quantity before surveyed amounts to 53,303,780 acres, leaving 1,258,033,028 acres of puplic lands still unsurveyed. He- ports from the suborbiuatcs of the Land Office contain interesting information in regard to their respect ive districts, lney uniformity men tion tho fruitfulness of the yield during the past season, and the increased yield of all kinds of produce evince that in those States and Territories where mining is the principal business the agricultural products havj exceed ed the local demand, and liberal ship ments have been made to distant points. THE C.ENEVA ARBITRATION. When Congress adjourned in June a question had been raised by Great Britain, and was then pending, which for a timo seriously imperiled the settlement bv friendly arbitration of the differences existing between the Government and that of Her Britannic Majesty. The Treaty of Washington Iml been referred to tho Tribunal of Arbitration which met at Geneva, in Switzerland. The arbitrators, how ever, disposed of tho question which had jeopardized the whole of the treaty, ant threatened to involve the two nations in unhappy relations toward each other, in a manner entirely satisfactory to this Government, and in accordance with tho views and policy which it has maintained. The Tiibu ual, which convened in December, concluded its laborious session on the 1 Ifh of September last ; on that date having availed itself of tho discretiona ry power given to it by tho Treaty to award a sum in gross, it made its decision, whereby it awarded tho sum of 815,00,000 in gold as an indem nity to bo paid by Great Britam to the United States for satisfaction of all claims referred to its consideration. This decision, happily, disposed of a long standing difference between tho two Governments, an.?, in connection with ano her award made by the Ger man Emperor under reference to him by the same Treaty, leaves the two Governments without a shadow on their friendly relations, which it is my sincere hope may forever remain equal ly unclouded. The report of the agent of the United States appointed to attend the Geneva Tribunal, accompanied by protocols of the proceedings of the ar bitrators, arguments of counsel of both Governments, award of the Tribunal and tho opinions given by the several arbitrators, is transmitted herewith. I have caused to be communicated to the heads of the three friendly powers, who complied with tho joint request made to thcra under the Treaty, the thanks of tho Government for the ap pointment of arbitrators made by them respecting it, and also my thanks to the eminent personages named by them, and my appreciation of the dignity, patience, impartiality, and great ability with which they discharged their ardu ous and high functions. Her Majes ty's Government has communicated to me its appreciation by Her Majesty of the ability and indefatigablo industry displayed by Mr. Adams, the arbitra tor named by this Government, during the protracted inquiries and discussions cf the Tribuual. I cordially unite with. Her Majesty iu this appreciation. it is due to the agent of the 1 ",ru Mate bctore the l.,,,,,! t,i rf-eoid my appreciation of the marked ability, unwearied patience, and tho prudence ana .discretion with which fie has couducted the very responsible and delicate duties entrusted to him, as it is also due to the learned and eminent counsel who attended the Tribunal on the part of this Govt rnmeut, to express my sense of the talent and wisdom which they brought to bear in the ar gument, and upon the result so happily reached. It will be tho proviuee of Congress to provide for the distribution among those who may be entitled to it, of their respective shares of the money to be paid. Although it it not paya ble until a year from the date of the award, it is deemed advisable that no lime be Iot in making the proper examination of the several eases in which indemnification may be dun. I consequently recommend the creation of a Board of Commissioners for that purpose. THE SAN JUAN QUESTION. Bv the thirtv-fourth article of the Treaty of Washington, the respective claiirs of the united States and of Great Britain in their costructioa of the Treaty of tho 15th June, 1817, defining their boundary line between th-jir respective territories, were sub mitted ; to the arbitration of His Majesty, the Emperor of Ger many, to decide which of tho claims was most in accordance with tho true interpretation of the Treaty of 1810. His Majesty having been pleased to undertake the arbitration, has the earnest thanks of this Government and tie people of the United States for the labor, pains and care whico he has devoted to tho consideration of this long pending difference. I have caused an expression of my thanks to bo transmitted to His Majesty. Mr. Bancroft the representative of this Government at Berlin, conducted the case and 'prepared the statement on the part of the united States with the ability thai his past services justified the public in expecting at his hands. As a member of tho Cabinet at the date of the treaty which has given rise to the discussion between the Govern ments, as the Minister to Great Britain, when tho obstruction now pronounced unfounded was first advanced, and as the agent and representative of tho Government to present the case and to receive the award, lie has been assoeia ted with the question in all its phases, and in every stage has manifested a patriotic zeal and earnestness in tho maintenance of the claim of the United States. He is entitled to much credit for tho success which has attended the commission, after a patient investigation of tho caso and of the statement of each party. His Majesty the Fmperor of Germany, on the 21st day of October last, figned his award in writing decreeing that tho claim of the Government of the United States that tho boundary line between tho territories of Her Britannio Majes ty and tho United States could bo drawn through the Dellaro channel is is most in accordance with tho true interpretation of the. treaty concluded on the 5th of June, 1818, between the agents of Her Britannio Majosty and the United States. Copies of this caso presented in behalf of tin Government, and tho statement in reply to each, and a translation of tho award, aro trans mitted herewith. This award confirms the United States in their claim to the important archipelago of islands lying between the continent and Vancouver island, which for twenty-six years ever tuuco me ratmcation or the treaty Great Britain has held and leaves us, for the first time in the history of the United States as a nation, without a question of disputed boundary between our territory and possessions of Great Britain on this continent. It is my gratification to acknowledge the prompt and spontaneous action of Her Majesty's Government in giving eflect to the award in anticipation of auy reouest from this Government, and bel tore the reception of the award,signed by the Emperor, Her Majesty had given instructions for the removal of her troops stationed there, and for the cessation of all exercise or claim of jurisdiction, so as to leave the United States in exclusive possession of the lately disputed territory. I am grati-; tied to be able to announce that tho orders for tho removal of the troops have been executed, and military joint ( occupation of San Juan has ceased. The Island are now in exclusive pos session of the United States. It now becomes necessary to complete the survey and determination of that nor- Ul . uuiiary line through Dellaro channel, upon which tho commission which determined the remaining part of the line were unable to agree I recommend the apointment of a commission to act jointly with one which maybe naml by Her Majesty for that purpose, lhe experience of the difficulties attending the deter mination of our admitted line of boun dary after the occupation of territory and it settlement by those owing allegiance to the respective Govern ments, points to the importance of establishing, by natural objects or other measurement, the actual lino between the territory acquired by purchase from Russia aud the adjoining possessions of Her 1 ntanmc Maj sty. The rcgiou is now so sparcely occupied that no conflicting interests of individuals or of jurisdiction arc likely to interfere to the delay or cmbarassmcnt of the actual location of the line. If deferred until population shall enter and occupy the territory, some trivial contests of nighbors may again array the two Governments in antagonism ; I there fore recommend the appointment of a commission, to act jointly with one that uiav o appointed on the part cf Great Britain, to determine the line between our territory of Alaska and the adjoining possession of Great Britain THE TREAHXJ RY DEPAUTMENT. The money received and carried into tho Treasury during the fiscal yoar ending January 30, 1872, were ; From customs, 021,037.028 0 7; from sales of publio lands, 82,575,514 19; from internal revenue, 3130,042,177 37 : from tax on national banks, etc., 0,523,300 39; from the Pacific Rail road Companies, 8749,801 87 ; from customs, lines etc, $51,130,442 34; from fees of Consuls, patents, lands, etc., 82,284,005 92 ; from miscellane ous sources, 84,412,551 71 ; total of ordinary receipts, 8304,004,229 91 ; from premium on sales of coin.89,412, 037 l5 ; total net receipts, 8374,010, 837 50 ; balance in Treasury June 30, 1871, 810,935,705 79 ; including 31, 822 835 ; received from unavailable assets total available cash, 8484,042, 573 15. Tho net expenditures by warrants drawn during tho same pe riod were: For civil expenses, 310, 189,079 70 ; for foreign iutercst, 818. 409,30914; Indians, 87,005,720 88; pensions, 328,533,402 70; military es tablishment, including fortifications, river and harbor improvements and arsenals, 331,537,215 72; for naval establishments, including vessels and machinery and improvements at the Navy-yards, 821,249,809 09 ; For mis cellaneous civil cnpenditures, including total, exclusive of principal and pretni urn on public debt, 8270,559,G95 91; for premium on bonds purchased, $4,958, 700 Gn for redemption of tho public debt 99,915 310; total, 8100,918,520 30; total nctdisbursements,S377,478,2lG 21 balance in treasury, Juno 30, 1872, 108 501,350,94 Total, $484,042, 503 15. From tho foregoing statement it ' appears that the net reduction of of the principle of the debt, during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1872, was $99,900,253 54. Tho source of re duction is as follows: Net ordinary receipt? during tho year. $3(34,094, 229 91 ; net ordinary expenditures, r.r. ni'.nm . .i:r ttO.t 1Q1 9iHV)iF,uiwtri , uiuuiuuuu, wi-x,tj-K,. 535, add tho amount of receipts from t public buildings, light-houses and col lecting tho revenue, 12,958,329 08 ;in tcrost on public debt, S118.:58..839 72 ; PROFESSIONAL CARDS, kC JTOIli! J. DALY, AU'y & C;iascllcr-at-liaw. DALLAS, OREGON. Will practice in the Court of Record and In eiior Court:. Collections attended to promptly. OFFICE la the Court Uoum. 41-tf P. C. SU&MVAN, Attorney & Couusellor-At-Lar, Dalles, Oregon, Will practice ia all the Courta of the State. 1 B. E riSKB. C.B.K1XL. DRS. PISKG & HALL, OFFICE No 1 MOORES' BLOCK, Salem... Oregon J. C. GRUSBS, M. D., PIIVSICIAN AN :L"(;EoS, Offers Vis Services to tbe Citizens Dallas and Vieinitj. OFFICE t NICHOLS Drug Store. 34-tt J.It.SITES,M.D Pbjgician and Surgeon Dallas Oregon or FIVE at Ilei4eiioe 24-tf DR. HUDSON L M. PHYSICIAN & SURGEON. OFFICE. O rer Souther! Store, Cor. of Commercial k StaU Sti., Salem, Ogn, with Dr. Richardson. Nor 9, tf W, H R U B E L L, DENTIST Has located to Dallas, and is ready te attend to all those requiring bis assistance. Artificial Teeth of the very finest and best kind. Satisfaction guaranteed, or no charges made. Now is tbe time to ed! on the Doctor. Office, opposite Kincaid's Photographic Qal ery. S 37-tl J- C. BELT, physician n. n d Surgoo n, OFFERS HIS PROFESSIONAL SERVICES to the citirens of Dallas and Ticinity. Har hd ten years experience in hospital and pri vate practice, foals competent to treat all caces that may come under his care. Office adjoin ing Dr, Rubell's denistry office. Ij CREOLE ACADEMY Will commence tbe second teVm Monday Nor. 11, 1S72, with a full corps of teachers as follows : F- n. GRUBBS, Frixcifal, Mrs. L. A. GRUBBS, pKECKfTRKSA, Miss. M. E. SMITH Teachrr or mi'sic. Rates of tuition as foiiows ; Acadrmic Dep't 00 EfiGLisif Braxcuks $6 00 Prima rt Dkp't $4 00 Extra Studies Frkkck Pik Term Um. 2 50 Drawixo , 2 60 Music ; .. -......$12 00 MM T OF WORK AT THE LOWEST LIVING PRICES, CAN HE HAD Ur CALLING ON. fllMES So RACIIEsLDER ; STEAM JOB PRINTERS, 03 1'rout Street, Portland, Oregon A LARGE ASSORTMENT of BLANKS Circuit. County, and Justices' Courts, con stantly on hand. Also, Bonds, Deeds, Mortgages and Blanks for use in Bankruptcy cases. Advertise ity using ljouernraui, ouiuor 11 nrl circu Utit priuto.i envelopes, uio. Give us ;aall fo: sou i in your orders. i;2l 0 IEW GROCERY. For! everything in the GROCERY LINB HI. C BROWN'S, MAIN STRECT, -DALLAS. lie has on hand a full supply, which he offers cheaper than any other Store in Dallas. 2-tf DALLA8 LIVERY. FEED & GALE STABLEST Cor. M&Iji and Court Streets, Thos. G. Richmond, Proprietor. HAVING PURCHASED THE ABOVE Stand of Mr. A. II. Whitley, we hare re fitted and re-ptocked it in sech a asaaner as will satisfactorily meet every want t tfte com munity. Ilugglts, tingle or double, Hack, Con cord Wagons, etc., etc., Furnished at all hours, day or sight, ea short notice. Superior Saddle Horses, let t Dav C'Ka TERMS, REASONAnLC 4 T. O. RICHMOND FARMERS READ. r ANTED, ALL THE PORK IW ?T 1 Polk County, for whi 1c highest cash price will be paid AT TIIE EOLA STORE. RAVING PURCHASED A LARGE AND complete Stock of NEW GOODS, ant receiTing fresh supplies every week I can fsp ply everybody with Dry Goods, Groceries Glass, lticensware Tobacco, Cigars And all articles found in a GENERAL VAR1 KTY bTORE, I would respectfully eall the attention 0 the Public to my Establishment. Highest Cash price paid for J I'UKS AND PELTRY. R. A. RAT, Eola, Polk Co., Ogn 18-tf CHEAP PAJNTilYG I S I AM NOW THROUGH WITI! THE Amost f m7 work this fatl, I propose to paint HACKS, tt'AGOSS, and BUG. GIBS at $10,50 apiece. Now is the time to bring on your old Hacks and Wagons as yo will nerer get them painted cheaper. Shop on tho corner, over G. B. Styles store 11, r, SI1RIVER. "GEM" SALOON JIAIiV STREET INDE PENDENCE. Tbe best of wines, riqnors, ales, porters anl TEMPERANCE CORDIALS always on hand, flue Havana cigars, tree reading rooms attached to the saloon. R. M. Bean Pr. 27 tf LOOK! LOOK!! LOOK!! BOX. T 13 R WOBTIEY eb CO ELLENDALE STORE, Have jest received an immense stot Doots and Shoes, Hats and Caps, Clothing, Crockery aud Glassware Hardware, CJrocerles, Pro vislous, Ac. DltHSS GOODS, SA AM PiE, FANCY, Si DRY QOODS of all kinds. Whi oh they will sell cheap, Com and try their prices. niThe highest -price paid forf all kinds csuntfj produce. MILLIONS of EGGS and TONS of BUTTER Wanted Boiler 8c Wortley I : T MlO,.