J. 3 f J J 0 VOL. 2. DALLAS, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 19, 1871. NO. 24 I- JJL -U JL-d J-L 8Jhe (Drcjgau Jftcpubltran Ji Issued Every Saturday Morning, at Dallas, Polk County, Oregon. BY It. H. TYSON. OFFICE Mill street, opposite the Court House. . SUBSCEIPTION BATES. SINGLE COPIES One Year, $2 00. Six Months, $1 25 . .Three Months, $1 00 For Clubs of ten or more $2 per annum. Subscription inut Ins paid ttrictty in advance ADVERTISING RATES. One square (10 lines or less), first inscrfn, f 3 00 Each subsequent insertion 1 00 A liberal deduction will be made to quar terly and yearly advertisers. Professional cards will be inserted at $12 00 per annum. k Transient advertisements must bo raid for in advance to insure publication. All other advertising bills must be paid quarterly. Legal tenders taken at their current value. Blanks and Job .Work of every description furnished at low rates on short notice. A Splendid Chance. We will send the Dallas IIettbltcax and Dem crest's Monthly, which is itself $3 for one year, to any person irho pays us $1 Demorest's Monthly stands unrivalled as a Family Magazine. Its choice Literature, its superior Music, its large amount of valuable information on miscellaneous subjects, its practical and reliable information in regard to .the fashions, and artistic illustrations, give it a ust claim to its well-earned title, " The Model Magazine of America." Erin cation. From the New Jersey Mechanic Education in our country j a prime necessity. Our theory of (I over n merit requires that, for its successful support, the people , shall know enough both to govern themselves and to share in the Joint government of one another. Re publican institutions distribute among ithe many what monarchy reserves to ths few. For this reason, Education Jiesat the base of popular liberty. The ignorant, vicious an 1 degraded must be -.ruled by force. The enlightened, vir tuous and upright classes voluntarily maintain order of themselves, and exact it of others. Our public school system was estab lished and is supported for the purpose jof securing to all American youth a fair .average knowledge of the elementary branches of instruction It aims t- qualify the rich and poor alike for the various ordinary callings of every day lite; and, as a system, it ha worked well. If not always peridot in p r tion, still it bears the marks of having been plauned by about as much wisdom :as usually enters into human contriv ances Of late, however, this system has fallen short, precisely at the point where its advantnges are most w.nU-d Jt lacks the power to benefit them who, for various reasons, are growing up without any education worthy of the .name. Sensitive as Americans are to .everything which may be supposed to interfere with personal liberty, sMli the question will have to be met before long : Whether or no there should be a Compulsory education ? Ought there to be a law to enforce the rights of ignorant youths to receive the advan tages of some schooling ? We think there ought to be such a law. Parents are, indeed, the natural and legal guardians of their children. But they are not exclusive owners of iheir offsprings. They cannot do with them in all respects as they may please. They cannotdeny them food or shelter. They must take care nf them. Tin fights of the children, and the rights of the State, defended by righteous law. The State not only guards the rights cf children to a certain extent, but, 'when the children have become grown, then the State claims it right to use all paale adults. Accordingly, it enrolls them its militia, or puts them in the jury box. As, then, the State docs in terfere with the domestic affairs of households, and forbids unnatural cru elty to youth of tender years, why .should it not ward off and prohibit, that .style of cruelty which enforces ignor ance upon those who have a, natural And social right to receive knowledge? Hardly can a more grevious wrong be xlone to young lads and young misses than that which is done to many of them, by withholding from tlieir eyes the light of knowledge. A compulsory education would remove that wrong. Furthermore, as the State expects to claim service of all its adult citizens, on what ground can the State be denied the privilege of preparing the rising generation for the duties and responsi bilities of citizens? Whatever hasty prejudice may affirm, it seems to us plain enough that every year supplies additional force to every argument in favor of compulsory education. It is well known that lazy, thriftless, ignorant or iutemperate parents, iu great numbers, put, even upon their very young children, the task of securing, bv beggary or by ill paid work, a daily pit tance for the ndvaiitage of their oppres sors How uurnerous the class of chil dren thus deprived of schooling may be we do not exactly know ; but at any rate it is large euough to swell what are styled the dangerous classes with fear ful rapidity. Children having such parents, and being subjected to such wrongs, ought to be sought out by the activity of the law. The State cannot afford to bring up an ignorant aud per verse crowd of juveniles to make war on its peace and its security. Yet that is what is being done, and will continue to be done, until we have education guaranteed as & birthright to every child in the community old euough to use aud enjoy it. V NEWSPAPER WORK. The Brooklyn AA in an ab!e artiele on ' Newspaper work and work ers," truthfully remarks that there is no other profession but enjoys immu nity from observation as to its modes. The preacher writes iu the privacy of his study, and can eoticoet platitudes, or pad out plagiarisms that would be the ruiu of editor and reporter. The lawyer consults his client, and organ izes his campaign in private, bringing into Court only as much as makes br his cause and against the case of his adversary. The doctor plies his po tions, and launches in his lancet iu secret. If the patient recover, it may be the medicine, or it may be iu spite "f it ; if he die. it imy be pills or Pro videnee : the physician is seathlcss. i None of these come to liirht that their deeds may be improved. Moreover, the work of the press is; con tin nous -as well as constantly public. There is no peace in our war. The.ru is no rest for he weary. Spue is no more annihilated by telegraph, than time by journalism The evening ami morning arc not merely the first day, but all the seven. Night is annihi lated as to alt its quantities of repose. Kvery minute of every hour of the twenty four is occupied by some work ers, doing some work that shows itself in the newspaper of the morning and afternoon. Repetition is as impossible as rest. Facts are ever new. Com merits must be as fresh ns facts; and the edition is a remorseless giant that eats up all the seconds. The making of a newspaper is perpetual motion iu a thousand fields. In such a work, de manding ft ageless effort, permitting no pause, exacting eternal and ever vary ing exercises, it is impossible, for wheat to be unmixed with chaff, for accuracy not to be impaired by mistake, for injustice not occasionally to be done. The Duties ot an I'.uglish l.adjN Maid. One of those not, to-be-enviod per sons, a race which may be clashed with governesses, has recently made disclo sures throwing a f eculiar light upon the women of rank in "Old Kugland." u Much is required from us," she writes. ' We must, above all, be very punctual, for fashionable people change their dress at least five times a day uur ing the season. We must have pol ished manners, le no older than thirty five years, and be always cheerful and good tempered, although for weeks we are kept without sleep until 4 o'clock in the morning a practice which is equally injurious to the eyes and lutiL'S. We are expected to cut aud fit, aud to use the most approved machine, and to dress hair for the rnorninir, evening and court costume, as well as for the drive; to iron well, to read, write and cypher; to speak French and German, and, if possible, to have traveled. There is still another function of a lady's maid, which is supposed to be a modern introduction, but which is in fact merely a revival of an ancient cus tom. We must be able to mint in ras tel. not, indeed, after nstiiro hut. her. To beau til v must redden the cheeks, put antimony upon the eyelids, pastel upon thn brows, introduce belladonna into the eyes in order to enlarge the pupils, paint blue veins upon the temples, and use ninoti paint and pearl white upon the rest of the skin. We must change the hair to reddish brown by means of a corroding material, or of palma vecehio,' which is now used in preference for that pur pose ; and we must be possessed of great skill in applying all these ingre dients, as their use is universal with the old and youug." A LIVliLY LOCALITY Letter to the Louisville Courier Journal. I spent a night with some Irieuds on the top of Vesuvius, freezing on one' side and broiling on the other We kept ourselves awake by the amuse ment of dodging the falling stones. About once every ten minutes the old mountain gave a shiver, then a burst like forty thousand muffled cannon, if ever there wa sueh a thing. At each burst, a cloud of black smoke, in tlu shape of an inverted haystack, and about thirteen times the size of the Gait House, was driven into the air, followed by a mass of lively flame that lighted the country for leagues around. Then boys look out for the atones. Millions of tons are thrown hundreds of feet in the air, most of them falling back into the crater, but many, varying in size from a heu's egg to a tobacco hogshead, and you must dodge gen erally easy enough, us they are of a white heat, and nhow as plain as rocket stars. They tumble down the steep cone, hissing aud steaming in the snow thi big ones breaking iuto fragment and flying like a bursting shell. Now boys is the time, ten minutes interval. We ruhh up to the very edge oj the abyss and look down to see further par ticulars see Xante's luft-ruo" but you spoil your boots ; I did. Yousing? your mustache ; I did. And you wish you were safely out of it , I did. You turn away sneezing, as if you bad acci dentally ignited a box of loei focos un der your nofe. For a moment all dark ; then the long, twinkling rows o! gas lamps in tho streets of Naples seem to spring out of the ground under your feet, though miles away ; then you see the lights about the little towns about the base of the mountains in all save one, and that ona the largej-t. Fmiipeii, with its great old tempic, magulfieetit theatres, ulo.-e built streets and vast arena, is dark; the grim skeletons j lying in their ashen bed alone keep their vigil there ; their eyeless sockets need no light. No sight that ever 1 witnessed can equal a clear sunr.se from Vesuvius. No one can imagtna its grandeur; but you must try to, for 1. dare not attempt & description. As we stood gazing down on the roofless houses of Pompeii, the sun lighting its grey-covered wall Torre del Grt-eo, with its earthquake shaken walls I said: " We have nothing like this in America." " I am glad of it," said one of the pirty ; "It's awful shabby; don't think it pays." That young man wis from Henry County, Indiana. With a pretty general destruct tm of boots and clothing, and the aforesaid loss of one of the handsomest mustaches in Naples, by your humble servant, we got down Kifely. Not so with another party who ascended from the Noli side. One of them h id an arm broken by a falling stone ; another a leg, in netting down. If you wi.-h to know how to g t down, let go your hold and you'll come dowu. Postal Mok ky Okdkh System. -The operations of the po-t.d money-order system are Vf-tly m re exten-ive than are generally supposed. The late report, of the Post-Master General shows that during the last year orders were is sued in the cityjaloncjamounting to more than 050,000;nrders wn paid amount-' ing to more than 83.800.00l), nearly 37,000.000 were received a remittances from postmasters, and drafts of postmas ters for more than $.'1,400,000 were paid. The system has proved remarka blje safe in its operations, only $8,000 out of'$2.'),24' ,027 remitted bysmall of fices to larger ones, to meet issued orders, having been lost during the past year. The convention recently negotiated be tween this country and (treat Uritain for the regular exchange of money-orders will no doubt prove the initial step toward the extension of the system to all foreign countries. Under thi con vention the maximum of each order is fixed at fifty dollars. The abundant crop and the excellent quality of wheat this season willl find a ready market in Europe. In Prussia and Franco the grain crop will be en tirely too light to feed the people. Nearly all the seed has perished. England is generally compelled to import for her own use, and will be certainly obliged to do so this y?M while in Asia the crop is a total failure and gaunt and famine invade tho land of . tho Mcdes and Per&iaus. In wes tern Europe the crop prospects are some better. In addition to our ability to aid the suffering, the receipts of-our farmers will be swelled by good prices and an active market. We furnish the Republican and DcmonsCt Monthly for $4 a year. Duluth Phenomena Curious breaks of tho Water at L,ake Superior. From tbo Duluth Minnesotian. The ship canal which the city of Duluth is constructing across Minne sota Point, to make a direct and safe entrance from Lake Superior into the inside or bay harbor, is likely by its progressive exhibitiou of facts, to con found all the theories as to its effects on currents and entries that have hereto fore been laid down by both friends and foes. For the lat two weeks, what is called the Littoral Current of the Lake," or the shore wash from the north-east down the north shore, has under the continued prevalence of winds from the north-east, rushed two thirds of the time iuto the bay, through this aperture ; as though that being the first opening that presented itself iu this littoral" course, it made haste to seize the opportunity to swell the waters of the inside pond to its own level; and then, abrading the iuside shore hue of Minnesota Point, it has gone to reinforce the currents of the 8t. Louis and Left Hand rivers the practical effect on the entry being to deepen its chat' nel two feet, with a cor responding increase of depth on the bar at the end of the uuduished canal, as actual sounding show. lTuder this known condition of things, as to effect of the canal's construction thus far, it is not surprising that even our friends of Superior City are in a state of bewil derment whether the proposed dyke across the bay will not be a dire injury, and whether the canal, by allowing the " Littoral Lake Current" to make a circuit through the canal and out t the entry, is wot to prove their greatest blessing. Ibis morning another phenomena of currents through the canal was wit nessed one that has astonished the oldest settlers and the hundreds of all rauks who gathered down ths point to view it. Between 0 and 7 o'clock thin morning, a sort of tidal-wave, more thau two feet high, uddeuly broke in from the Lake iuto the caual, sweeping away the floating or scow bridge at Lake Avenue, aud the north pier work or approach thereto, breaking the unun chored cribs away from their moorings at the bay entrance to the canal, and scattering the floating timber rafts into the bay iu every direction. The cur rent ran in at the rate of twelve or fif teen miles an hour, for over half an hour; then it turned and ran out with a velocity for about twenty minutes, carrying timbers and cribs out to sea; then it turned aud ran in again with nearly as great impetus for another half hour, bringing the debris in again; and so it has oscillated all the morning to and fro. Communications between the two ends of the Point are practi cally suspended, as no one can cross, except only in the short passes where the current is on the turn. The reason why the tide seems to run in a little longer than out of the canal, is conjec tured to be that a portion of the volume of water finds its outlet by t. Louis entry. This phenomena is variously theo rized on as to its cause. Last night there was a tremendous rain storm, with lightning fireworks, but little or no thunder, tho rain coming down iu per pendicular torrents part of the time; then wind from every point of the com pass ; nature in a sort of chaos. Under the operation ot these elements, and probably of a tremendous north-easter down the lake, pressing the volume of the lake s waters to this end, tho so called tidal-wave has occurred. We await, with some curiosity, to hear of this storm from further East. Declined It. When the Hev. Dr. Patterson was in England, he dioed with several gentleman who used a jrcat variety of language to make him give up his cold water principles. " Now here," said one "here, Doctor is a good old hock, surely you can't decline this!" "Why, sir, I learned to decline when a boy , hie, hfco, hoc." The table was in a roar and the doctor came oil tri umphant. LaujOWTKR. A hearty laugh occa sionally is an act of wisdom ; it shakes tho cobwebs out of a man's brains, aud the hypochondria from his ribs far more effectively than cither champagne or blue pills. One of the emperors of Japan is said to have killed himself by immoderately laughing, on being told the Americans wore governed without a king. Advices from Duenos Ayrcs say it is estimated that there have been 27,000 deaths iu that place from tho yellow fever, lately raging there as an epidemic PR 0 SESSIONAL CA RDS d C. J. ill. raiujiore, PORTXAND - - - - OREGON. General News Agent For Oregon and Adjacent Terrrltorleo. Also SPECIAL COLLECTOR of all kinds of CLAIMS. AO EST fur the Dallas Republican. JOIIX J. I)AIV, ATTORNEY-AT-L A V, Notary Public, &c, IJUIiNA VISTA. 41-tf J. C. GRUBBSf M. D., PHYSICIAN AND SUHCiEON, Offers hia Services to the Citizens of Dallas aud Vicinity. GFt'fCEnl NICHOLS' LruS Store. 34 tf w. D. i kii:s, m. D., Ehyic::tii and Surgeon, lola, Oregon. Special attention given to OLtetrics and 'ife:tej of Women. ltf C. Cl'Kli, Attorney and Gounsellor-at-Law, sam:m, oiu:c:on. Will practice in all the Court of Record and loferior Courts of this Stute. OFFICE In Watkinds A Co's Crick, up utairn. 1 P. V. SlIlAAWX, Attorney & Counsellor-At-Law, Dalian, fregon, Will practice in all the Courts of the FttUe. 1 J. L. COLLINS, Attorney and Counsellor-at-Law. Dallas. Oregon. Special attention glrcn to Collections and to matters pertaining U Ileal Estate. 1 Itcal folate Agents and Real Estate Auctioneers, No. KM). FRONT KTKI3IZT, PORTLAND ----- ORHGON. II. I. SEIIUYDK, IIoue, Wagon and Sign Fainter, Dallas, Polk County, Oregon. 4-Jm llnilerivoof!, Baxter & C o, Commercial street, .altm, Oregon, Manufacture all kinds of wag ONS after the most npj rve l Ftyles and the best f workmanship, on short notice, and AT PORTLAND PRICCS! 12 -3 m WAGON AND CARRIAGE SHOP, Mailt Street, Dallas. Second door north of the Drug Store. Tho un lcrsiarned wishos to inform tho l'uhlic that he is prepared to do any kind of work in his line on the phortet notice, and in the best gfyle. Thankful to hi old customer and frienl for former patronage, he respectfully solicits a continuance of tho came. 1.19-tf S. T. UARRISON. . Committee on Railroads Have decided that as soon as the Oregon Central Railroad (West Sitle) is completed into Polk County, they will issue orders to all con tractors and workmen on tho lino to purchase all their Groceries end Provisions Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Ladies Dress Goods, Hardware, Tinware, Or anything they may happen to want of M. M. Ellis T at Laclede, formerly known as ClufTs Store. Meanwhile, all farmers, or anyone elc, will find it to their interest to call and make their selections. All are aware that I am sell 'nff gods cheaper than anybody in Polk Co. I buy more Produce than any tico stores in the County. So bring along your Butter if it is soft, and if it is solid, all the better. Yours truly, M. M. ELLIS. 20-Sm NASI. 1IU0K ) 8 III KJ BLIND FACTORY, MAIN STWEET, DAfXAS, 1 have constantly on hand and for Sale WINDOW S'VSII, ft lazed and Unglazcd. DOORS OP-ALL SIZES. WINDOW AND DOOR FRAMES, All of the Best Material and Manufacture. Il-tf JAMES U. CAMPBELL. PROFESSIONAL CARDS, DALLAS HOTEL, CORNER MAIN AND COURT STS. Dallas, Folk County, Oregon. The undersigned, having RE-FITTED the above HOTEL, now inform! the Public that he is prepared to Accommodate all who may favor him with a call, in as good style as can be found in any Hotel in the Conntrj. Give me a call, and you shall not leave disappointed. 12-tf W. F. KENNEDY, froprietor. ii:W WAGON AMD CAR HI AGE FACTOR V. RICHARDSON & CO. Inform the Public that they are 'w realf t do all kinds of work in their line. CARRIAGES, WAGOSS, Ac. Built or Re paired with Neatness and Dispatch. WAGONS constantly on hand for Sale. BLACKSMITH I NU done by an esjexieoced Worktnsa. One door south of Livery Stable Dallas, Ogn. 8-tf Saddlery, Waffles S. C. STILES, Main tU (opposite the Cour House), Dallas, MANUFACTURER AND DEALER TN Harness. Saddles, Bridles, Whips, Collars. Check Lines, etc., etc., of all kinds, which be is prepared to sell at the lowest living rates. -REPAIRING done on cbort jjotiae. 875 EVERY WEEK! HADE EAST, JUT LADY AGENTS. We want Smart and Energetic Agents te introduce our popular and justly -celebrated inventions, in every Village, 7Wm and Citw-iu the World, j IniUspansable to every Household; They are highly approved of, endorsed and adopted bv Ladie, l'hyiim aud Dirie, and are now a GREAT FAVORITE with them. Every Family ivlll Purchase One or more of them. Something that their merits are apparent at a GLANCE. DRUGGISTS, MILLINERS, DEES SHAKE S and all who Veep FANCY STORES, wUl Ha our excellei t articles SELL VEi Y 11 A I'IL, L Y, gives perfect satisfaction and netting SMALL FORTUNES to all Dealers and Agents. COUSTV RIGHTS FREE to all who desire engaging 'in an Jfonorallc, I!epectallc and Projiable Bminett, at tbe-sama time loiii good to their companions in life Sample $2 00, sent free bv mail on receipt of price. SEND FOR WHOLESALE CIRCU LAR. ADDRESS, VICTORIA MANUFACTURING COUPT, IT, PARK PLACE, New York. M PICTLRB CILLERY. J. II. KINCAII) has opened a New Photographic Gallery In Dallas, where he will be pleased to wait on Customers in his line of Business at all hours of the day. Children's Pictures Taken without grumbling, at the came price as Adults. Satisfaction guaranteed. Price to suit the times. Rooms at Lafollctfs Old Stand, Main Street, Dallas, Polk County, Oregon, April 27th, 1871 . S. SI Im V E R, No. ISO, First Street, PORTLAND, - - - - OREGON, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in DM GOODS, CLOTHING, LADIES' DRESS GOODS, HOOTS AND SHOES, HATS ii CAPS. GROCERIES & PROVISIONS Highest Cash Price paid for all kinds of Ooiniti-v- JPi'otinee. 16-itn Ra? Carpet Weaving VLL PERSONS HAVIf a MATEfiTAL for Rag Carpets, and wishiog them Woven, can be accommodated by catling iu the undersigned. Orders left at the Store li Howe Bros, will be promptly attended to. oYI, 16-3m WM. SAiLSBEIt FURNITUEEJ Bureau, lioungcs, Tables, Redsteatta. A Variety of HAIRS for Parlor aud Kitchen use. XIAW-XZIDD BOTTOM CSXAXZtS Of my own taakeu Shop near Wayinlrc'a Mill I INVITE THE rtltlLTC TO EXAMINE my stock. I shall bo pleasd to show yu my goods, and better pleased when you buy. NEW WORK put r to Order, and RE PAIRING done at the lowest cash price. 1 A.tf WTX C. V7IL13, Patio.