Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (June 25, 1993)
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Work, effort needed to
The Mclolim River is known for
its unique qualities as a result of the
many spring fed tributaries that
contribute to its flow. But like many
other rivers today, activities on this
natural resource are increasing.
Public concern for the river's con
dition, interest in maintaining the
Metolius at a high quality standard
ONRC seeks conference speakers
Oregon Natural Resources Coun
cil (ONRC) is planning its 2 1 st annual
Oregon Natural Resources Confer
ence, to be held at Sunriver Resort,
Friday through Sunday, September
24 through 26. The conference will
feature field trips, educational
workshops and panels, strategy ses
sions and an ONRC 20th year cel
ebration Saturday nighi
Members of the Confederated
Tribes of Warm Springs are invited
to speak at the conference. Sessions
run about one and quarter hours, with
presentation by individual speakers
followed by questions from the au
dience. If interested in speaking at
Concern for salmon
Lawsuit filed against BLM
Several Oregon environmental
groups, represented by Sierra
Club Legal Defense Fund in Se
attle, filed a lawsuit in March
against the Bureau of Land Man
agement. The suit states that the
agency has failed to consult with
the National Marine Fisheries
Service regarding the Snake River
Chinook salmon, listed as threat
ened under the Endangered Spe
cies Act. The Act requires federal
agencies such as the Bureau to
ensure that their actions are not
likely to jeopardize the continued
existence of an endangered or
threatened species. The Act also
I Wish You Could
by Randall Broadwater, FireMedic from "Firefighter News"
I wish you could see the sadness of
up in names or that of a lamily returning home, only to una ineir nouse ana
belongings damaged or destroyed.
I wish you could know what it is like to search a burning bedroom for
trapped chldren, flames rolling above your head, your palms and knees
burning as you crawl, we tioor sagging unaer your weigni as me incnen
beneath you burns.
I wish vou could comnrehend a
husband of forty Years for pulse and
against hope to bring him back, knowing intuitively it is to late, but
wanting his wile ana tamiiy to Know everyining possioie was uunc
I wish you could know the unique smell of burning insulation, the taste
of soot-filled sweat and mucus, the feeling of intense heat through your
turnout gear, the sound of flames crackling, and the eeriness of being able
to see absolutely nothing in dense smoke-sensations I am all too familiar
I wish you could understand how it feels to go to work in the morning
after having spend most of a December night cold and soaking wet at a
I wish vou could read mv mind as I respond to a building fire: "Is this
a false alarm or a working fire? How
hazards await us? Is anyone trapped Or to an hMb call w hat is wrong
with the patient? Is it minor or life-threatening? Is the person who called
for us really in distress or is he waiting for us with a 2x4 or a gun?"
I wish you could be in the emergency room with me as a doctor
pronounces dead the beautiful little four-year-old girl I have tried so hard
to save during the past 25 minutes, who will never go on her first day or
say, "Mommy, I love you" again.
I wish you could know the frustration I feel in the cab of an engine
r f I I .1 : - 1 . .. ... "... I . . A nnn!M nl ikn
1 001 pressing naru on me siren uuuun,
air horn lanyard, as you fail to yield
traffic. When you need us, however, you first comment upon our arrival
will be, "It took you forever to get here!"
I wish you could read my thoughts as I extricate a teenage girl from the
mangled remains of her automobile: "What if this were my sister? My
daughter? What will her parents' reaction be as they open their front door
to find a police officer standing there, hat in hand?"
I wish vou could know how it feels to walk in the back door and greet
your family, not having the heart to tell
home form the alarm you were just on.
I wish vou could feel mv hurt as
physically) abuse me or belittle what I
of "It will never happen to me."
I wish you could realize the physical, emotional and mental drain of
missed meals, lost sleep, missed or foregone social activities and intimate
moments, in addition to all the tragedy my eyes have viewed.
I wish you could know the brotherhood and self-satisfaction of helping
save a life or preserving someone's property, of being there in times of
crisis, or creating order from chaos.
Unless you have live the life of a
understand or appreciate who we are,
perform really mans to us.
I wish you could.
Submitted by Warm Springs Fire
The number of people moving to
previously uninhabited, forest and
rural areas is expected to continue to
increase in the future. Factors con
tributing to this trend include: rising
home prices in dense urban areas, as
well as livability preferences for
"natural" home sites nestled among
the trees or on mountain sides.
Dry summer weather brings in
creased danger from wildfire to
homes that interface with forests or
wildlands. Every year since 1985,
more than 300 homes have been de
stroyed by wildfires, including doz
ens in the Northwest
Many of these homes could have
been saved had simple precautions
been taken before wildfire struck.
This guide is designed to help you
evaluate your home's exposure to
wildfire. The following information
can assist you in making the neces
sary decisions that could prevent or
reduce losses due to wildfire.
The most effective fire prevention
device yet invented is a fire safe atti
tude. While fire insurance might re
place property destroyed in a fire.
and as a response to growing concern
for the management of the resources
in the Metolius River Basin, the
Metolius Basin Water Resources
Monitoring was initiated by the U.S.
Forest Service, Sisters Ranger Dis
trict. Conducted by fisheries biologist
Michael Richie, the primary obicc-
the conference, please contact the
ONRC'i main office at 223-9001,
extension 206, to discuss possible
topics and formats.
Conference workshops and pan
els will cover a variety of topics and
will address plans to protect Oregon's
endangered resources, including
forest protcction.cndangcrcd salmon
runs and other endangered species,
high desert protection, mining and
In order to keep the cost for par
ticipants as affordable as possible,
ONRC docs not pay speakers' fees
beyond the costs of registration and
lodging for the conference weekend.
requires that the agencies consult
with the National Marine Fisher
ies Service whenever their actions
might affect a listed species. The
lawsuit asks a federal judge to
delay the Bureau from undertak
ing or authorizing activities in
northeastern Oregon that may
adversely affect the Chinook, in
cluding grazing, logging and road
building. Last year's listing of
the Snake River Chinook cited
destruction of freshwater spawn
ing and rearing habitat as a sig
nificant factor in the decline of
a businessman as his livelihood goes
wife's horror at 3 a.m. as I check .
find none. I start CPR anyway, hoping
is the building constructed? What
arm iukkhik audiu auu again ai uiv
the right-of-way at an intersection in
them that you nearly didn't come
oeoole verbally fan sometimes
do, or as they express their attitude
firelighter, you will never truly
what we do, or what the job we
may threaten rural homes
there is no insurance available to
replace human lifc.yours, your
family's, or your neighbor's.
Homeowners should consider fire
warning devices, such as smoke de
tectors. The proper location, type and
size of portable fire extinguishers
may make the difference between
controlling a small fire and complete
loss of the structure. Otherprotective
measures include automatic sprinkler
systems in the home and in other
structures. Rural residents should
seek recommendations from a fire
protection agency to determine the
type, size and installation location of
all these protective devices.
With a positive fire prevention
attitude and by following preventive
measures suggested in this guide,
you can enjoy your wildland home
with confidence. If you have addi
tional questions after reviewing this
material, please contact your local
fire protection agency for more in
formation. Recommendations for improve
ments around your existing home
can red ucejhejiykof loss associated
Warm Springs, Oregon
maintain high water quality in the Metolius River
lives for the watershed monitoring
according to the issued report are to:
1. evaluate the existing condition of
the river, 2. monitor the effects of
management activities on water re
sources, 3. assess relationships be
tween watershed character and the
condition of water resources to dc
vclopcumulativecffcctasscssmcnis,, and 4. identify management recom
mendations for restoring or enhanc
ing the watershed condition. The
possible effect of timber harvest and
road building on water quality and
fish habitat was of primary concern.
The report summarizes five years
of monitoring from 1988 to 1992.,
The monitoring used a basin-wide
approach and tracked both physical ,
Work continues on Metolius
River management plan
Work continues on the Metolius
Wild and Scenic River Plan with the
goal for the Draft Environmental Im
pact Statement andManagcmcnl Plan
scheduled for February 1994. The
Final EIS and Management Plan is
set for December 1993 and imple
mentation of the plan will begin in
the summer of 1995.
The Metolius Coordination Group
provides the link between the tech
nical resource work and the decision
makers. Members of this group in
To help remove a tick cover it with: petro
leum jelly, baby oil or alcohol and leave it for 30
minutes. Then, with tweezers, pull it out with a
twisting motion, counterclockwise. Then wash the site
with soap and water and apply neosporin or an antisep
tic to help prevent infection. If you don't feel comfortable
removing the tick yourself, go to the clinic and have them
It a fever, rash or headache follow a tick bite by a few days
or a few weeks you should see a doctor.
This message Is brought to you by Warm Springs Early
Spray operations for budworm continue through July
Bt is an acronym, or common
name, for a group of biological in
secticides that contain the bacterium,
Bacillus thuringiensis, as the active
ingredient These kinds of insecti
cides are used to control population
outbreaks of several insect species,
including western spruce budworm
and Douglas fir tussock moth.
Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacte
rium that occurs naturally in soil. It is
common in most soils in the Pacific
Northwest Many years ago, a dis
covery was made that this bacterium
can cause a fatal disease in some
insects. Since that discovery, many
different genetic strains of the bac
terium have been found that are highly
toxic to specific groups of insects.
Some of these strains have been in
corporated into insecticides produced
and sold by several companies
throughout the world.
All Bt insecticides used by the
US DA Forest Service are registered
by the Environmental Protection
Agency and have been proven ef
fective in research trials against tar
get insect species.
The Bt insecticides used by the
Forest Service for control of forest
defoliating insects are only effective
against the caterpillar stage of moths
and butterflies. They will not kill
other kinds of insects, such as bees,
ants, mosquitoes, beetles, or insects
that are predators and parasites of
target species. The Bt insecticide
must be ingested by susceptible in
sects for it to be effective. It will not
kill them on contact Once the Bt
insecticide has been ingested, crys
Roofing is made of non
Trees have been trimmed
away from the roof.
Plants are low growing and
Flammables are stored away
from the home.
Yard is well trimmed and
free of debris.
Roof and gutters should be
cleaned of leaves and pine needles.
A 30 foot non-combustible
fire break surrounds the home.
An adequate water supply
is available to fight fire.
Good access is provided for
Exterior walls are made of
fire resistant material.
Be prepared to fight fire. Being
prepared for wildfire means having
the necessary tools on hand to fight
Seek removal of neighborhood
Emergency vehicle access. Will
fire fighters be able to find you? And
and biological components of the
Besides attracting people for its
visual diversity, the Metolius Basin
brings recreational ists interested in
hiking, camping, horseback riding,
biking, rafting, hunting and fishing.
Timber harvest in the early 1970 1
through the 1980s has resulted in
much road construction.
The fishery in the streams of the
Metolius River basin include indig
enous rainbow brown, bull trout,
mountain whitcfish, the introduced
brown trout.brook trout and hatchery
Continued on page 6
clude representatives of the U.S.
Forest Service, the State of Oregon,
the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the
Confederated Tribes of Warm
The Metolius Interagency Inter
disciplinary Team was also estab
lished. Comprised of 22 resource
specialists representing other agen
cies and Jefferson County, the team
receives direction from the Metolius
Coordination Group and is respon
sible for all technical aspects of the
It's tick season
Ticks are about one quarter inch
long and easy to see. They fasten their
heads into the skin of their victim and
suck hisher blood. Check your child
for ticks, especially in their hair, after
they have been playing outdoors.
tals produced by the bacteria dis
solve in the alkaline stomach of the
insects and cause them to die. In the
absence of rain, Bt insecticides are
capable of killing susceptible insects
for about 30 days after they have
Bt insecticides used by the Forest
Service for control of western spruce
budworm are not toxic to fish, birds,
or other wildlife. These insecticides
are not toxic to humans. They will
not harm vehicle paint and can be
removed with soap and water.
Inert ingredients make up most of
the volume of Bt insecticides. Water
is the major inert ingredient for the
Bt insecticides that will be used on
the Warm Springs Reservation.
Bt will be applied by aircraft at
the rate of 12 gallon of insecticide
per acre to control the outbreak of
western spruce budworm. Spraying
will be done in June during the early
The project is divided into three
treatment units occurring along the
west boundary of the Warm Springs
-The Wilson Unit is the northern
most area. It has 19,000 acres.
-The Badger Unit is in the middle
of the reservation and is 24,000 acres
-The Lions head Unit is in the
southern portion of the reservation
and is 21,000 acres in size.
Approximately 64,000 acres are
to be sprayed. All of the areas are
Estimated cost of the project is
$960,000, or an average of $15.00
will they be able to reach you with
their heavy equipment?
Attractive yards are safe yards.
Maintain a 30 foot defensible
space around your home to act as a
fire break. Less flammable plants
and green grass are best for land
scaping. YQUR CHECKLIST;
Local fire department phone
Local Forest Protection Agency
Care escape route 1 in case of
Care escape route 2 in case of
Foot escape route in case of
' ' SJf.
' "it! lv
The Metolius River runs through a watershed which encompasses
approximately 142 $00 acres ranging from the crest of the Cascades to the
dry canyon at its junction with the Deschutes River. The Northwestern
portion of the Metolius drainage is owned and managed by the Confederated
Tribes of Warm Springs.
Madras Union High School
30th Class Reunion
July 23, 24, and 25, 1993
For information contact Jeri (Olson) Fine 475-2634
or Joann Bryant 553-3201.
The Forest Service, in coopera
tion with the Warm Springs Tribes
and Bureau of Indian Affairs, will
plan and carry out the project A
management team with many years
of insect suppression experience will
provide day-to-day management of
the spray operations.
Approximately 40 Forest Service,
Tribal, Bureau of Indian Affairs, and
Bureau of Land Management em
ployees will work together with about
35 contractor personnel to do the
Insecticide will be aerially applied
by a private contractor under super
vision of the Forest Service. Ever
green Helicopter Inc., of
McMinnvillc.OR. has been awarded
the contract and has conducted similar
projects in the Pacific Northwest
They will use helicopters for spray
ing and to monitor the operations.
Aircraft will operate from helispots
throughout the spray area.
DIPEL 6AF, a biological insecti
cide, will be used tocontrol the spruce
budworm outbreak. This insecticide
uses a naturally occurring bacteria
commonly called B.t, it will be ap
plied at a vol ume of half a gallon per
The insecticide will be applied
under very specific conditions. It is
effective only when the western
spruce budworm iyn the caterpillar
stage and is eating needles with in
secticide on them. Because weather,
elevations, site conditions, and insect
development determine timing of the
application, field workers will ob
Road work scheduled through summer
J . I CS f .; . " r
Construction work on the new ap
proach to the Hollywood District is
scheduled for completion in three to
four weeks, according to Bureau of
Indian Affairs supervisory highway
engineer Larry SeibcL The approach
will provide easier access from High
way 26 to the community.
Bids are currendy being accepted
June 25, 1993 PAGE 3
. .' ,, I
i f .
fr V ihi ii t-r-ir i ii -1 Mrl mj
serve conditions and budworm de
velopment to determine exact spray
Field workers will start working
about 3 a.m. Low flying aircraft will
start operations just after sunrise. In
secticide will only be applied when
the wind is 1-6 miles per hour, rela
tive humidity is greater than 55 per
cent, and air temperature is 34-70
degrees. Generally, spray operations
will occur between 5 a.m. and 7 a.m.
everyday, but may last longer if
weather conditions permit Follow
ing application, field workers will
return to the sprayed areas to check
effectiveness of treatment
Spraying is expected to begin in
mid June and end by early July. A
tentative schedule of key events is
provided below. This schedule is
subject to change with the weather.
May 17 Begin locating sam
pling plots in project area.
May 28 Begin sampling spruce
June 1 1 Contractor to begin
marking spray blocks.
June 19 Begin spraying.
July 3 End spraying.
July 24 Complete post-spray
sampling, project finished.
If you are interested in more in
formation about the project, please
contact the Project Personnel at
Warm Springs Western Spruce
Budworm Project, Complex near the
BIA Facilities Maintenance Shop,
Warm Springs, OR 9776 1 ; (503) 553
3377 or 553-3378.
by the Oregon State Department of
Transportation for work on Highway
26 between S hi tike Creek and the Kah-Nce-Ta
junction which will widen the
highway for tumoffs to Warm Springs
and the Museum at Warm Springs.
Other road construction pro jeets are
on the drawing board for Warm Springs
throughout the summer.