Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 23, 1992)
P.O. o 170
S rra Spring OR 97761
Address Correction Requested
VOL. 17 NO. 26
IHS plans community
The Warm Springs IHS
Health Clinic will hold its
first community forum
January 5. Contract health
care will be discussed.
begins January 2
classes for winter term
range from computer
graphics to western
Students saving labels
Students are collecting
. jXacnpbelPs labels for
new forest product
Madras High School
forestry students are
mushrooms, a highly-
valuable forest by-product.
Actvlty bus schedule
During January and
February, changes in the
activity bus schedule
should be noted.
responsibility for guests
Serving alcohol requires
Don't forget the
"Last Minute Bazaar"
10 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Deadline for the next
Issue of Spilyay Tymoo
is December 31.
A list is not complete without a
Indian language classes begin January 11
The Culture and Heritage Depart
ment will again sponsor Indian lan
guage classes starting the week of
January 1 1. Both Warm Springs and
Paiute classes will be offered. (Wasco
classes are being conducted sepa
rately.) These classes continue the
Indian language classes held last
summer, but they are open to begin
ning students of all ages.
Final schedules for the classes
have not been set, but the Depart
ment tentatively plans to have both
afternoon and evening Warm Springs
classes and evening Paiute classes.
Tm delighted to work with our
Indian language teachers," says
Tribal linguist Hank Millstein.
"They're coming up with new ideas
and approaches all the time."
Millstein is convinced that this scries
of classes will be even more re
warding than the classes held over
the summer. "One advantage of our
approach to teaching and learning is
Cooperative, unified effort required to stop,
"The number one way to fight
gang activities is to overcome denial,"
said Dick Stein of the Oregon State
Police Youth Gang Strike Force.
Stein was in Warm Springs Decem
ber 14, at no cost to the Tribe and at
the request of concerned community
members and the Warm Springs
Police Department, to present his
views on gang identificauon and the
current rise in suspected gang activ
ity. Prevention is today's game.
Warm Springs, not unlike many
other communities in Oregon, is faced
with the increased threat of gang
violence. Police statistics show a
sharp increase in violence among
local youth. The community is not
immune to drive-by shootings, as
saults and other crimes committed
by local youth under the age of 18.
Stein, a 25-year veteran of the
OSP and a member of the Youth
Gang Strike Force since its inception
in 1988, explained that gang-related
activities in the Portland metropoli
tan area have quadrupled in the last
year. Stein explained that the reason
News from the Warm Springs Indian Rcscrvatioi
P.O. BOX 870, WARM
check by Santa and his helpers.
that we provide a wav for students
with some experience to work to
gether with beginners in a way that
benefits both. It's not like a regular
classroom where the whole course is
set in stone from the start; the students
Tribal member arrested
on wildlife violations
December 120regon State Police
Fish & Wildlife troopers arrested
Nathan S. Jim, Jr., near Silver Lake,
Oregon, on numerous counts of
wildlife violations. Nathan Jim, Jr.,
31 years of age, resides on Wesley
Lane, in Warm Springs.
Jim was lodged in the Lake County
jail, Lakevicw, in lieu of $65,000
bail. He has been charged with two
counts of illegal possession of bald
eagles, two counts of illegal posses
gangs flourished in Portland is be
cause of denial and lack of conse
quences. "People recognized there
was a problem," he said, but few, in
the beginning, realized the serious
ness of the situation. "People kept
saying, 'Portland is not like L.A.'"
Stein said, too, that lack of conse
quences only enforces a "gangster's"
way of life. 'There's no jail time
because there is no jail space." Be
cause "state courts aren't equipped
to deal with" hard core criminals
affilliatcd with gangs, the state turned
to federal prosecution. One federal
prosecutor is assigned to gang cases
in Oregon. If an individual is indicted
by a grand jury, he must appear to
hear charges and he cannot "deal
down." Federal courts deliver man
datory minimum sentences with no
possibility of parole. There arc "teeth
in the law through the federal pros
Stein said that early on, gangs,
primarily young blacks.concentrated
their activities in north and northeast
Portland. As time passed, however,
,t f I 5 ls va
1 t Wfj
SPRINGS, OREGON 97761
' ' -"
help shape what they learn."
To sign up for classes and get
information on their schedule, stop
by the Culture and Heritage Depart
ment at it's new office in the Old
Boys' Dorm, or call the Department
sion of golden eagles, five counts of
illegal possession of rough legged
hawks, hunting while suspended and
numerous warrants and traffic in
fractions. Federal prosecution under
the Federal Eagle Act and Endan
gered Species Act is anticipated as
Jim is currently on federal probation
for a similar crime that occurred in
1990 when he was arrested for pos
sessing seven eagles illegally.
gangs established themselves
throughoutOrcgon. There have been
more gang killings this year than
ever before. Another grim first hit
this year, too: There have been four
gang-related homicides outside the
Portland area two in Salem, one in
Eugene and one in Umatilla within
the last 12 months.
Stein spent a good part of the
evening showing slides depicting
gang members, their signs and typi
cal vengeful acts.
Crips identify with the color blue,
while red is a Bloods' color. Hispanic
gangs, such as the 18th Street gang ,
L.C.G.s and the 12- 16s, identify with
either color. Most wear color-appropriate
"do-rags" or handkerchiefs on
their heads. "The color is important,"
said Stein, because by wearing one
particular color, an individual ex
poses himself to his enemies. He
warned, however, that "you must be
careful not to paint with too broad a
brush" when identifying gang mem
bers by color.
Many Warm Springs youth wear
"colors" in the form of athletic team
jackets and hats. It must be deter
mined in the clothing is "worn as a
uniform", if those individuals "are
always together", if they're "com
mitting crimes and if they're claim
ing gang affiliation." He added,
"Portland averages 350 assaults and
robberies a year because of sports
t.l , OK 'i I AO
DECEMBER 23, 1992
Tribes issue tax-exempt bonds
December 10 was an important
day for education in Warm Springs
and very important for future build
ing projects requiring financial out
lay by the Tribes. On December 10
the Confederated Tribes, for the first
time ever, offered lax exempt full
faith and credit type bonds for sale to
the public. This is believed to be the
first time a Native American Indian
tribe has gone into the bond business
successfully. The endeavor provides
permanent financing of the 38,600
square foot Early Childhood Educa
"Youth and education arc key in
gredients for the future of ourTribc,"
reflected Education general manager
Mike Clements on the way the Tribes
view education and their new S5 mil
lion education center. However, it
was a lengthy process to arrive at the
point where the Tribe could go out
side usual sources to secure financ
ing. Tribal members went to the polls
May 16, 1989 and approved the ref
erendum for the ECE. The referen
dum authorized the Tribe to appro
priate $1,125 form the general fund
and to acquire through loans or grant
an additional $3,375 million.
A tribal constitutional amendment
was passed almost a year later that
enabled the Tribe to borrow money
form the private sector for projects
such as the ECE. The first referendum
approved the amount of money that
could be borrowed. The amendment
allowed the Tribe to pursue a public
offering of a tax exempt bond to help
finance the project.
It took the full support and exten
sive work on the part of a five
member team. Tribal CEO Ken Smith
said, "We were breaking new ground
since the Tribe was the first in the
nation to take advantage of the Indian
Tribal Governmental Tax Status Act.
Because of our unique situation,
many people played important roles,
including BIA director Stan Speaks
in Portland, tribal attorney Dennis
Karnopp, tribal chief financial offi
cer John Hcnning, bond counsel Doug
Goe of Atcr Wynne Hewitt Dodson
and Skerritt and Mike Lewis of Se
attle Northwest Securities who acted
as investment advisor. Another key
player in the strategy was federal
solicitor Art Biggs."
Hcnning said, "This is a real mile
stone for the Confederated Tribes,
prevent local gang activities
Stein discussed three other types
of gangs existing in the Portland area.
Hispanic gangs, originating before
the Bloods and Crips, identify them
selves with the numbers 13 and 14
and come from southern and north
ern California. The neo-Nazi faction,
or skinheads, have no recognized
leader. The members of Asian gangs
are the children of immigrants who
came from southeast Asia after the
Viet Nam war.
"Most gang members are looking
for a sense of family, love, support
and acceptance for who they arc,"
said Stein. "Kids fall into gangs to
fulfill that need. They may also be
intimidated into joining. They may
be scared into hanging with gangs to
avoid assault or death." Most gang
members are very young, 14 to 16
years of age.
Typically, kids are led by a "small
group of older youth who are psy
chotic. They tell gang members what
to do but don't get involved them
selves for fear of being caught" A
young gang member probably will
not receive stiff sentencing if caught
Graffiti is another obvious sign of
gang existence in a community. Stein
explained that gangs mark their terri
tory by defacing buildings with
elaborate drawings and writing. Gang
members also mark up school books,
folders and homework papers, even
their bedroom walls, with gang signs.
Hulk Raw IV mil N. 2
Warm Springs, OR V776 1
being able to issue full-lauh and credit
bonds." The bonds received a
Moody's rating of A-l which is in
vestment quality. The coupon bonds
arc for 10 years with a gradual amor
tization of the principal over the 10
ycar life. "We gradually pay off a
portion of the principal every year."
Hcnning said. The average interest
cost is 5.05 percent, with an addit ional
1.5 percent of the principal amount
outstanding for a standby letter of
credit guaranteed by U.S. Bank. This
makes a total average cost of 6.55
percent over the life of the bonds,
witha range of 3 percent for one-year
maturities to 5.5 percent for 1 0 years ,
plus the 1.5 percent fee for the letier
of credit." Hcnning said the original
target was seven percent, so "we arc
quite pleased with the results." All
the bonds were sold by the end of ilic
day December 10, the first day the
bonds were available to the public.
These typesof bonds arc attractive to
investors because the interest is ex
empt from federal and suite income
The Confederated Tribes' vision
statement reads in part, "In order to
carry on the tribal legacy , out c h i ldrc n
must have acknowledge of the past
and a view to the future. They must
make us of all education benefits
availablc.from the family, commu
nity, culture, school and religion."
this was an examplcd of the Tribes
business practices of the past setting
the stage to ensure favorable terms
for not only the ECE but future
projects as well.
"It couldn't have been done with
out a lot of assistance from many
people on and off the reservation,"
Smith commented. "The Tribe was
instrumental, along with a number of
other tries, in getting the Indian Tribal
Governmental Tax Status Ac t passed.
It feels good knowing Indian tribes
will be able to operate with the same
advantages state and local govern
ments have enjoyed over the years."
The new Board of Directors has
tentatively set December 30 as the
date of their organizational meeting.
Board members are: Jody Calica,
Mike Clements, Jim Manion, Zanc
Jackson, Enos Hcrkshan, Walt Parks
and Ed Wilson.
Through graffiti, gangs exhibit their
intent to harm or even kill members
of other gangs. "Graffiti is a gang's
signature....and it is the ultimate in
sult to write graffiti over other graf
fiti." Stein docs not believe in
"wannabe" gangs. "If they're hang
ing out together, committing crimes,
they are a gang member." He ad v iscd
to "pay attention to what's going on
in Warm Springs.. ..No one knows
Warm Springs better than you."
Additionally, "gangs arc not outsid
ers, they come from within the
Community members are en
couraged to work with the police
department establish a neighborhood
watch program and find ways to su
pervise unsupervised time. A united
effort among all community and
governmental entities is required to
effectively combat the problem.
Stein encouraged those present to
not only take responsibility for their
own kids, but for the kids down the
street as well. "We've lost that com
munity feeling and the jointness of
the community." There's no time like
the present to get that feeling back.
Stein feels it's a "lot cheaper to
keep kids out of gangs than itisto ret
them out." Somcthi ng must lv vi! ' t.
now to prevent disaster in the future.
Stein concluded. "We're losing
our kids they're the ones who are
dying on the streets."