Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 18, 1992)
Native American focus
Rendezvous set for Sept 25-27
The 1992 River Rendezvous
Salmon powwow sponsored by Ihc
Central Oregon Environmental Center
and the Confederated Tribes of Warm
Springs is scheduled for September 25
2atlkHcLonghoase.Thcconfcrcncc (his year focuses on the Native
American perspective of the endan
gered salmon and what can be done to
prevent their demise.
Activities at this traditional site will
begin Fridav at 7;(X)p.m. with a greeting
by Warm Springs chief Dclvis Heath
and council chairman Ray Culica fol
lowed by dancing at 8:00 from the
Warm Springs Dancers.
Un Saturday breakfast is set for
8:00 a.m. and the welcome ceremony
Hazardous conditions result
The Yakima Indian Nation (YIN)
took action today to close the
Underwood "in-licu" Ashing site at
the mouth of the Big White Salmon
River to non-Indians, siting conges
tion and disruption of Indian Fishing
activity caused by the large numbers
of recreational fishers who now use
The "in-licu" site is federal
Eropcrty which is held in trust for use
y Indians to compensate for Indian
lands along the Columbia River that
were inundated when Bonneville
Dam was completed in 1938. Local
recreational fishers had been allowed
limited access to the boat launching
ramp as a courtesy by the tribes.
However, non-Indian use increased
in recent years to the extent that In
dian fishers, for whom the site was
intended, have been virtually pre
vented from using it.
Jerry Meninick, Chairman of the
YIN Fish and Wildlife, and Law and
Order Committee, said, "We are re
ceiving reports of various problems
arising from shared use of the site.
Most of the problems apparently re
sult from a lack of knowledge about
the special nature of in-licu sites.
Many non-Indians do not understand
that their use of the boat ramp is only
a courtesy extended by the tribes.
When tribal fishers are prevented
from exercising their Treaty-reserved
rights on the Columbia, then we as
elected officials of the Yakima Indian
Nation must take action to correct
Meninick said that reported prob
lems include interference with tribal
fishers and fish buyers during tribal
commercial fishing seasons, im
proper disposal of dead fish and fish
parts, littering, and dust from vehicle
traffic ruining fish being dried in
drying sheds on the site. Adding to
the problems, said Meninick, "is the
fact that both recreational and tribal
fishers are most active during the
night. Boat operations can become
confused and dangerous in the dark,
Deschutes River Manaaement
Committee schedules Madras meeting
The State Parks and Recreation
Commission will consider fee in
creases for next year and will review
a management plan for the Deschutes
River at a meeting Thursday, Sep
tember 17, in Madras.
The meeting began at 8:30 a.m. at
the Jefferson County Fairgrounds.
The commission will review pro
posals to increase camping fees by
about 40 percent and boost a $2 per
vehicle entry fee charged at 1 1 day
use parks to a $3 per vehicle entry fee
at 34 parks. The higher fees are
needed to keep the system's 225 parks
open, according to Nancy Rockwell, ,
Boaters on the Deschutes River enjoy the recreational activities the river provides.
Plan is aimed at protecting and maintaining the waterway.
will take place at 9:00. Sessions on
Treaty Rights, Salmon Recovery,
Salmon in Cultural Traditions, Saving
the Salmon, Salmon on Trial, the En
dangered Salmon Project and Salmon
in Native American Culture will be
held during the day. A salmon bake is
scheduled for 4 .00 p.m., with a talk by
tribal attorney Dennis Kamoppat 6;(X),
story-telling by Verbena Green at 7:00
and dancing at 8:00.
Sunday's schedule includes
breakfast at 8:00 a.m., a morning cer
emony at 9:00 and a panel discussion
by Native American fishermen at 9:30.
Field trips to traditional salmon sites
are set for 1 1:00 a.m.
Registration for the Rendezvous is
$30.00 per person. Checks may be
made payable to COEC and sent to the
Central Oregon Environmental Cen
ter, 16 NW Kansas, Bend, OR 9770 1
Camping is free with no RVs per
mitted Lunch and dinner is provided
on Saturday. Workshops will take place
outdoors, weather permitting.
For more information call(503)385
6908 or (503)553-3410.
especially in bad weather conditions.
Congestion at the ramp and on the
water could make it potentially haz
ardous for tribal and recreational
Tribal members show outstanding regulation compliance
Tribal member compliance with
fishing regulations has been out
standing," said Captain John Johnson
of the Columbia River Inter-Tribal
Fisheries Enforcement (CRITFE).
"During the first six months of this
year, nearly 50 percent fewer fish
were taken illegally compared to the
same period last year," said Johnson
whose agency enforces tribal fishing
regulations on the Columbia River
where Indians fish in Zone 6, an area
between Bonneville and McNary
Dams. From January through June
this year, CRITFE confiscated only
Planning for Metolius
Inclusion of 28.6 miles of the
Metolius River in the 1988 Omnibus
Oregon Wild and Scenic River Act
creates the need for a management
plan which describes how the river
and its resources will be protected.
The lower 16.8 miles of the river
form the southern boundary of the
Warm Springs Reservation.
Managemcntof the River requires
the cooperation of Federal and State
agencies, private land owners and
the Confederated Tribes of Warm
Springs. The plans will involve all
Because of the extreme fire danger, the Confed
erated Tribes and the BIA are asking that all tribal
members carry a shovel, an axe or Pulaski and a
container of water in the vehicle whenever you are
travelling throughout the reservation.
acting director. "In the past, fees
haven't kept pace with costs. In the
last decade, the department has ex
perienced declining federal funds, a
drop in state General Fund support
and the loss of gas tax revenue," she
The department will hold several
public meetings on the proposed fee
increases before final commission
action at its next meeting November
12 in Salem.
Following a workshop on river
issues Wednesday afternoon, the
commission will be asked to accept a
management plan for the lower 100
miles of the Deschutes River Scenic
.1 --v 1'
Warm Springs, Oregon
Museum offers raft excursion
The HiL'h Desert Museum is of
fering an all-day, participatory raft
float down a calm and scenic stretch
of the Deschutes River on Wednes
day, September 23. 1992, as part of
its fall education program.
The float, led by Museum staff
and Oucl Outfitters, will take place
from Warm Springs to Trout Creek.
Focus will be civen to the natural
history of the area, chosen for its
Of the 3.5 million miles of riven
and streams in America, only 10.000
miles have received protection through
state and federal legislation. Most riv
ers have been drained, dammed,
channclicd, polluted and over-devel-oped.
More and more rccrcationalists arc
being drawn to these specially desig
nated riven. With their influence, the
National Wild and Scenic River bill
was passed by the Johnson adminis
tration in 1968. Initially legislation
named only eight rivers, but over lime
many more have been added, bringing
the total to 1 5 1 rivers or segments in 44
These rivers and segments arc ad
ministered by a variety of federal, state
or local agencies. Many are part of the
National Park Service, the U.S. Forest
The closure is expected to remain
in effect to the end of the tribal com
mercial fishing season. Alternate boat
"After a recent season closure in
August, we counted only two fishing
nets left in the river out of a total of
453 nets in Zone 6 before the season
ended. Thai's a 99 percent compli
ance rate," he reported. Fisheries
enforcement and other personnel
routinely make aerial surveys to count
nets in the river for policing purposes
and to help estimate fishing effort.
Johnson cited three reasons for
the excellent compliance. First, he
said, "The vast majority of tribal
fishers abide by the fishing rules.
About 15 people cause most of our
resources in the river corridor, ex
tending for a quarter-mile on each
side of the river's banks.
The Tribe is trying to maintain a
wilderness character on the River
and on tribal land bordering the
Metolius. It expresses particular
concern for cultural resources, fish
and wildlife resources, water quality
and forest resources. Tribal Council
has also, however, begun exploring
recreation as a business.
The final management plan is
scheduled for presentation in No
Vaterway. The plan was developed
during the past four years by eight
federal and state agencies and the
Confederated Tribes of the Warm
Springs in conjunction with a nine
member citizen committee.
If the commission accepts the plan,
the Parks Department will use it as a
basis for developing administrative
rules to put the plan into action. This
process will take several months and
will deal with issues such as facility
development standards and in-stream
Brian Booth, Portland, chairs the
The Deschutes River Management
extraordinary wildlife, vegetation and
The fee for "One Day Deschutes
Float," which includes lunch, boat
passes and transportation from a pre
arranged meeting place, is $65 for
members and S75 lor non-members.
To register, send a chec k to The I ligh
Desert Museum. 59800 S. Highway
97. Dcnd. OR 97702. or call 382
4754 by Wednesday, September 16.
Service, the Bureau of Land Manage-
mcnl and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service. The fob of the managing
agency is to make certain the river with
its wild and scenic characteristics arc
protected and maintained.
For selection into the Wild and
Scenic system, a river only needs to
be wild or scenic or have value for
recreational use. Currently 6,800
miles of river in the contiguous U.S.
arc included and 3,200 in Alaska.
The ten most popular rivers in the
nation's Wild and Scenic system in
clude: the Rogue River, Oregon; St.
Croix River, Wisconsin; Blucslonc
River, West Virginia; RioGrandc River,
Texas; Delaware River, Pennsylvania;
Obcd River, Tennessee; Snake River,
Oregon and Idaho; Salmon River,
Idaho; Eleven Point River, Missouri;
and, the Pecos River, New Mexico.
launching facilities exist at Bingcn,
about one and half miles upstream,
and at Hood River, about a half mile
away on the Oregon shore.
The second reason was the tribal
policy of preventive law enforce
ment. "It is working," he said. The
policy of the four tribes is to stop
violations before they happen, rather
than allow violations to take place
for the sake of making arrests. "Once
the violation has occurred so has the
damage to the resource."
The third reason he cited was the
funding support CRITFE received
this year from the Bonneville Power
Administration (BPA). "Preventive
Continued on page 8
River Scenic waterway
is- - t - "ZJt
The mouth of the Metolius River exhibits only a portion of the scenic beauty which can be enjoyed on the entire stretch
of the river.
Water resources are limited
Become a water-wise community member
Americans are water hogs. We
take long showers, lounge in overfull
baths, compulsively wash our clothes
and cars, and overwater our lawns.
We're also big water polluters. We
pour motor oil and toxic cleansers
down drains, throw toxic chemicals
into leaking landfills, and use pesti
cides and fertilizers that wash into
our water supplies. Because we're
using too much water and contami
nating what's left, we're facing a
serious shortage of clean water.
A lot of the water we use comes
from lakes, rivers, streams, and other
surface sources. But much of it comes
from underground supplies, which
in many areas are getting dangerously
low. Many of these underground
supplies, along with our surface
waters, are also becoming polluted.
And to make matters worse, we're
disrupting natural water systems by
channeling rivers, building dams, and
dredging wetlands. In some areas,
this disruption has created serious
water shortages and destroyed valu
able wildlife habitat
Here's what you can do to be
1. Install a low-flow showerhead
with a maximum flow rate of 2.5
gallons per minute or less. You'll cut
your bathroom water use by 30-50,
and you'll conserve the energy re
quired to heat the extra water.
2. Add low-flow aerators to
threaded faucets in kitchen and
bathroom sinks. These inexpensive
devices reduce flow rates while
maintaining enough force for wash-
Will John Smith was attending tht Presbyterian coherence in Illinois,
he appointed one of his employees, CM. Walker, as aciing agent.
Waller, in his Utter of May 8, 1SS2 to the Commissioner, raised the
north boundary line dispute issue that was ewitually settled by the
McQuinn Act of 1972.
May 8' 2
I haw the honor to respectfully ask if it Is possible to hae the
northern boundary line of this Reservation resurveyed. The line
located Oct 17' 1871 followed as nearly as was possible the very
Indefinite 'Boundary' glen In the treaty of June 23' 1855, as to that
pan of the line passing along the 'ridge' or "divide' of the Mutton
Mountain range. In a westerly direction to the Cascade mountains.
The buiians now claim that the line pointed out to them at the time of
the treaty should commence In the Middle of the DeChutes River some
5 or 6 miles north of where the sunry located it. Sheep men are
coming in; where they claim the line should be the sheep men claim
that they are north of the location line; which is no doubt true, or was
a few weeks ago when the line was traced out by my direction. Still
the Indians are not satisfied and I fear it may lead to trouble in the
future. So far there has been no difficulty nor hard feeling between the
whites and my Indians, and 1 should wry much regret any differences
that would lead to our first real trouble.
The land in dispute is high table land only fit for grazing except a few
small farms that can be found along the DeChutes and in some small
valleys. Aside from stock or sheepmen, there would 1 believe be no
objection to a resurvey, and it would be much more satisfactory to my
Indians, especially the Warm Springs, who are the most interested. 1
write in behalf of the Indians, and hope for a speedy answer so that 1
can give them a posit 'nt answer as to what they may expect in the
future. At the present time 1 tell
If the line cannot be resurveyed it
The Hon Commissioner
of Indian Affairs
1 . K
urn- " .
ing and other uses.
3. If you have a dripping faucet,
you may be wasting hundreds of
gallons of water a week. Replace
worn out washers to stop faucet leaks.
4. If your toilet "runs" between
flushes, you are wasting a lot of water.
In fact, you usually can't hear a leaky
toilet valve until you're losing more
than 250 gallons per day. To test
your toilet, place food coloring or
dye tablets in the toilet tank, and then
check the bowl for traces of color
after 15 minutes.Buy an inexpensive
repair kit from a hardware store to
repair any leaks.
5. When you replace a toilet, in
stall a low-consumption model or a
water saver. Standard toilets use 5-7
gallons per flush; water savers use 3
4 gallons per flush; and new, low
consumption models use 1.6 gallons
or less per flush. Until you replace
your toilet, put a plastic bottle filled
with water in the tank to cut down on
the water needed for a flush. (Don't
use bricks. They can disintegrate and
cause plumbing problems.)
6. Turn the water off while
brushing your teeth and washing
7. Don't dump toxic chemicals
down the drain.
8. Landscape with native plants.
They generally require less watering
and resist insect and fungus problems
better than non-native species. (Talk
with representatives from a garden
center about the best plants for your
9. Use a bucket of soapy water to
September 18, 1992 PACE 3
them they must go by the located line.
might be well to send telegram.
Your Obi Servt
Indian Agent By
CM. Walker Acting
' 4 1
wash your car. Turn on the hose only
for quick wctdowns and rinses.
10. Water your lawn early in the
morning or in the late afternoon to
prevent excess evaporation. Use
mulch around trees and shrubs to
hold moisture and reduce the need
for watering. Overall, water less!
11. Set your lawn mower blade
higher in the summer. Taller grass
retains more moisture.
12. Cut down on lawn care chemi
cals and the use of lawn maintenance
services that use toxic products.
These chemicals eventually con
taminate lakes, rivers, streams, and
groundwater supplies. And many
harm birds and other wildlife.
1 3. To conserve water and energy,
wait until you have a full load before
running your dishwasher or washing
machine. And use the water-saving
cycle whenever you can.
14. Use phosphate-free detergent.
When phosphates end up in lakes,
estuaries, and streams, they can kill
aquatic organisms by promoting al
gae growth that depletes oxygen
supplies in the water.
A faucet that drips once each
second can waste more than 10 gal
lons of water a day.
On the average, each American
uses more than 100 gallons of water
A study of home water use found
that one out of five toilets leak, and
that the average savings from fixing
these leaks is 4.3 gallons of water per
person per day.