Spilyay Tymoo Warm Springs, Oregon April 3. 1992 PAfiR 7 Working mothers are part of If you are an employed mother, you are a part oft large and growing group. At times, as working mother, you may feel overwhelmed trying to juggle your roles of mother, wife and worker, and you may feci guilty about it How is this affecting the lives of four children or that of your husband? low docs it affect your own life? 1 icre are some major points based on completed research: 1. A mother'! full-time employ ment, by itself, is not likely to harm her child. 2. There is virtually no difference in school achievement and social achievement and social adjustment between children of working moth ers and children of non-working Owning your own business can be rewarding "A business of my own" is a magical phrase. It haunts, intrigues, inspires, motivates and challenges many people. Owning your own business can be very rewarding. It brings independence and allows you to do something you enjoy. But along with the benefits come certain risks and the possibility of losses. If you're thinking of storting a busincss.dccidc what you are going to risk and how much you will to lose. Owning your own business will mean long hours, going without some fringe benefits, limited vacations and no cost-of-living salary adjustments just to name a few. Another factor to keep in mind is that owning your own business is more than being "technically good" at what you do. Planting a vegetable garden Planting a vegetable garden is not a complicated and mysterious pro cess. Success has a lot to do with following directions. The planting directions printed on the back of vegetable seed pockets include three basic principles that will improve your chances of success. Plant vegetables at the right time. Planting seeds at the time recom mended on the seed packet will re duce the risk of frost or hot-weather damage to young plants. Plant vegetable at the right depth. Vegetables planted too deep take longer to come up, if they come up at all. There is also the chance that weeds may grow up first around the area and crowd out vegetable plants. Plant vegetables with small seeds, such as cabbage, carrots, radishes, and lettuce, one-half inch deep. Plant vegetables with medium-sized seeds, such as beets and chard, three-fourths inch deep. Plant large-seeded vegetables, such as beans, corn and squash, one to one one-half inch deep. Plant vegetables the right distance apart, especially when planting in rows or wide beds. Correct spacing allows each plant to get its share of Fungus infections attack new leaves in spring Warming weather brings new spring leaves back to many landscape trees, but the combination of wet conditions and warming temperatures can result in fungus infections in hawthorne, sycamore and willow trees. The fungus diseases attack the Hoeing is best for weed control Planning to attack weeds in the backyard garden? Put away the sprayer and grab a hoe. The use of herbicides to control weeds on such a small scale isn't practical. The problem is that most home gardens have at least a dozen Or so vegetable varieties - few of which tolerate the same weed control spray. Nor is there any one weed spray New report documents high species numbers in experimental forest Most people equate high biologi cal diversity with tropical forests. But local scientists are finding amazing numbers of species in the forests much closer to home. A new report by Oregon State University (OSU) entomologists documents an extremely high biodiversity of invertebrate creatures in the H J. Experimental forest, about 40 miles east of Eugene. For more than three decades, sci entists have been tearing apart rotten Quick easy pizza 1 (8 inch) flour tortilla Vegetable cooking spray 2 12 Tbsp. no-salt-added tomato sauce 2 tsp. minced onion 14 tsp. dried whole oregano 14 cup (1 ounce) shredded part skim mozzarella cheese 2 tsp. grated Parmesan cheese Place tortilla on a baking sheet coated with cooking spray. Bake at 400 degrees for 3 minutes. Turn tortilla; spread tomato sauce evenly over tortilla, leaving a 12 inch bor der around edgcSprinkle with onion, oregano, and cheeses. Bake an addi tional 5 minutes or until golden. Cut into 4 wedges. Yield 4 servings (66 calories per serving). mothers. 3. Children of working mothers have as much personal attachment to their mothers as children of non working mothers. In other words, your work does not have negative consequences for yourchild. What is important is what you are like when you are with your child. If you ore guilty, worried and frustrated, this may interfere with the time mothers and children spend to gether. Choose what is most important. Do not increase your stress by wor rying or feeling guilty about things you cannot do. Accept your limita tions and help your family accept them. Take care of yourself. Your sense You will also be responsible for mar keting, advertising, bookkeeping, taxes and many other aspects in volved in managing a business. Develop a business plan Be fore you start your business, sit down and write out what you want to do. Writing a business plan helps you think through your business idea and decide if it will work. Define your business This definition docsn'tneed to be lengthy. You should be able to summarize what it is you intend to do, the image your business will portray, and the types of services you will offer. Identify yourcustomcrs Define your customers by geographic loca tion, age, income, family size, sex, lifestyle, etc. Your definition will sunshine, water and nutrients from the soil. If you plant seedlings too close to each other, the vegetables will not grow as large. Excessive tops on radishes or other root crops result from crowding. Prune ornamental shrubs whenever needed It's never too early or too late to prune ornamental shrubs. Homeowners can prune most or namentals in the home landscape whenever needed without endanger ing the life of the shrub. However, most pruning is best done either in the late dormant season (early March) or just after plants bloom. Prune shade trees and summer blooming shrubs in the dormant season before growth starts. Prune shrubs and trees that bloom early in the spring soon after blooming. The blooms of summer flowering shrubs grow mostly on wood pro duced the same season. Most late blooming plants will produce better flowers or fruits if pruned severely each spring. In the case of trees grown for decorative fruit, the heavier the new leaves as they appear in the spring. Leaf and twig blight in sycamores causes the young leaves to turn brown and die as they emerge from the buds. Leaves that survive later develop brown spots on either side of the main leaf vein. The spots eventually for all the weeds that compete with vegetables. Weeds are best controlled by shallow and frequent cultivation, ideally with a hoe. It may be hard physical work, but it's more eco nomical and efficient than modern herbicides. also avoid the use of fertilizers containing weed killers. logs and hoisting themselves into canopies of 200-foot trees. They dug holes, waded streams and netted anything that flew. They found, ac cording to the new report, more than 3,400 kinds of insects, mites, spiders, millipedes and other arthropods crawling, swimming, flying, bur rowing and feeding in the 15,800 acre forest, run jointly by the U.S. Forest Service and OSU. "We are seeing some of the high- 43rd annual bull tour Plan to attend Wasco County's 43rd Annual Bull Tour. This year's tour will feature stops in the cen tral portion of the county. If youwish to join the caravan, our main body will collect at the Dalles Auction Yard and head south at around 8:00 a.m. Complete details and times for each stop will be released soon, but you can expect to see some excellent cattle and hear about body condition scoring, using EPD's percentage cattle and han dling equipment and facilities. Plan on attending the famous steak feed at days end. We think you 11 find the full tour to be a worth while event a large and growing group of well-being is important. Schedule one regular mgni a wcck iot youiscii. If you are your last priority, you will wear down quickly. Spend quality time with your child. Quality lime is time to: share feelings; listen fully: hug. hold, show love; explore, discover, learn; create together, and share dreams, fantasies, hopes. Plan to spend some quality time each day with vour child, at the breakfast table, before dinner, or at bedtime. Link work and parenthood. Talk to your child (and husband) about your job. Have them visit you at work and get to know your co-workers. If you are an employed mother, you have token on a tough and excit help you determine the types of ser vice to offer as well as methods to market and advertise to them. Find your competitive edge Who are your competitors? List their advantages and disadvantages. De termine the reasons why customers will come to you instead of your competition. This is your niche in the market. Set objectives Objectives are the starting points in planning. They will change as your business changes. By changing in response to outside trends, your business is less likely to fail. Develop business skills There are five types of skills needed in business: Technical the service or product Marketing the ability to teach your customers. Financial - the ability to maintain and understand the importance of controls and records. Supervisory the ability to work with employees, if any. Management the ability to do the planning as well as pricing and other aspects of business. pruning, the longer it will take for the tree to bear fruit Some shrubs to prune in early spring include: hydrangea, roses, pomegranate and shrubalthca. Prune flowering fruit trees or shrubs that bloom along the sides of the branches or on spurs of last year's wood in early spring before growth starts. Remove excess branches and water shoots or suckers. Pruning will 1 provide more light for the remaining branches. Cotoneaster, firethorn, holly, flowering quince and hawthorne fall in this category. Prune shrubs such as redtwig dogwood, yellowtwig dogwood and coralbark maple severely in early spring to develop vigorous shoots with young showy bark. Prune early blooming shrubs and trees immediately after the blossoms can merge and cover most of the leaf. Severe infections can cause the tree to lose most of its leaves. Willow twig blight causes brown spots along the mid-ribs of new leaves. The leaves become scorched and withered and eventually drop. Hawthorne leaf spot causes small reddish-brown spots on the upper surface of the leaves. After a wet spring, the spots can be numerous and the infection severe. A copper fungicide spray is rec ommended to help control these dis eases. Apply the first spray when the buds first open and the leaves are unfolding. Spray two or tree more times at 10 day intervals. In addition, prune infected twigs and branches, where possible, and destroy them. Clean up and remove fallen leaves and twigs regularly to prevent reinfection. est biological diversity reported from any place, said John D. Lattin, di rector of the OSU Systematic Ento mology Laboratory in Corvallis. "There are 143 known vertebrate species, 460 plant species and 3,400 species of invertebrates in the HJ. Andrews. "There is a great deal more di versity in temperate habitats than people realize,' continued Lattin, a co-author of the report. Studies with invertebrates can help scientists discern long-term, subtle environmental trends, such as global warming or ozone depletion, he ex plained. "How can we tell year-to-year variation in weather from global warming unless we monitor from year to year over many years? Inverte brates give you a fine-grained im pression of diversity because of the sheer numbers," said Lattin. "On a percentage basis, they make up about 87 percent of the biological diversity of the forest" The new publication, entitled "In vertebrates of the H J. Andrews Ex perimental Forest Western Oregon, V: An Annotated List of Insects and Other Arthropods," will serve as a bank of information for scientists, explained Tim Schowalter, forest entomologist with the OSU Agri ing challenge. If you arc a mother who is trying to decide about em ployment outside the home, you can expect exciting and frustrating changes in your life. If you are a mother who chooses not to work outside the home, know that you have chosen in child care and home man agement, a very demanding and im portant job with its own rewards and challenges. Gerentology Registration is now open for the 16th annual Oregon State University (OSU) Gerontology Conference April 14 and 15 in Corvallis, reports Clara Pratt, director of the OSU gerontology program. Theme of this year's conference is "Aging: Negotiating Change" and features sessions of interest to fami lies caring for older relatives and older persons as well as profession als working in the gerontology field, she points out Workshops on such topics as "Negotiated Risk: Choices and Change your Losing a job is traumatic, whether it means loss of the entire family income or a second income upon which your family's standard of liv ing depends. Is there anything you can do to case the burden of such a crisis? Definitely yes. Once you're over the initial shock, don't panic. It will do no good to blame yourself or think the world has come to an end. Blaming your spouse lor what has happened or taking out your frustrations on your family will not help. Make what credit payments you can. Face the reality that you are unemployed as soon as possible so you can make plans for finding new employment Remember, when you lose your job: have faded. Cut out the older, branched or twiggy growth. These shrubs will grow new wood and form fruit or flower buds before the end of the growing season. Included here are camellias, dcutzia, forsythia, li lac, spirea, moonlight broom and flowering plum. Pruning prevents shrubs from be coming overgrown and formless. It also keeps plants healthy by remov ing dead, diseased or injured wood and improves the quality of the plant Personalized Personalized bricks for the Fair's Fountain Plaza area are still available for sale and, if ordered by May 30, will be installed for the 1992 Fair. Please contact the Fair office by mail: 2330 17th Street NE, Salem, Oregon 97310,orbyphone: (503)378-3247. Those who bought bricks during the 1991 Fair will be able to see the "real thing" during this year's Fair which is August 27 through Sep Grass tetany in We've had a couple cases of grass tetany in beef cattle reported already and you should be aware of this po tential problem. Grass tetany most often occurs in cows nursing calves under two months of age. It also occurs when grass or grass hay make up a large portion of the diet Cloudy, windy, rainy weather with temperatures be tween 40 and 60 degrees seems to affect both the cow and the grass she consumes. Recent conditions fit those parameters nicely. Feeding legume or legume-grass hay mixtures seldom result in tetany because of the higher levels of mag cultural Experiment Station. The 168- page report contains information on habitat function, plant or animal host relative abundance and literature ref erences. "This type of information is get ting hotter as we are becoming more concerned with species conserva tion," said Schowalter, also a co author of the report. Schowalter studied the inverte brates living high in the canopy of the forest Using ropes and pulleys to hoist themselves into the giant tree canopies, technicians captured many kinds of invertebrates hundreds of feet off the ground. "The biggest surprise was what a complex food web was up there in the tree tops," said Schowalter. "There were lichens and fungi in tercepting nutrients from the air and canopy detritus as well as foliage. Herbivores ate the plants, then predators and decomposers all cleaned up before anything ever reached the forest floor. "The number of species we have up there in old growth western hemlock and Douglas fir canopies is quite impressive," said Schowalter. The diversity of tin critters like springtails and miles in a small patch of forest floor surprised ecologist Andrew Moldenke. conference set Challenges," "Dilemmas of Depen dency," and adapting to low vision and hearing loss will be of general interest to anyone seeking to under stand the aging process, Pratt be lieves. Keynote speaker will be Jim Heyncn, Seattle, writcr-in-residcncc at Lewis and Clark College. Heyncn is the author of "One Hundred Over 100," a collection of interviews with 100 Americans who have passed the age of 100. He will speak Tuesday morning, April 14. Early registration is ad visablc, she standard of living after job loss You can still control your fi nancial situation, if you plan care fully. File a claim for unemployment insurance benefits. Talk with your family. Discuss what is important and, work with them to make adjustments. Try not to default on payment Be prepared to change your Course offered "Living in a House of the 90s..." a community education course offer ing practical suggestions for eco logical living. Our housing choices and lifestyle impact the environment The chal lenge of the 90s is to maintain affordability and quality of life while reducing environmental impacts. To address these issues, a four evening course entitled, "Living in a 90s House" will offer participants methods for integrating energy con scrvation, solidhousehold hazardous waste, water conservation and home safety strategics to create a home that works for them and the environment The course will be offered during four consecutive Tuesdays, begin ning April 4, from 7 to 8:30 p.m. The course is offered through the Central Oregon Community College (COCC) Community Education program in bricks for sale tember 7. Bricks can be bought by individu als, companies or by families. A quick survey of the bricks already bought and laid shows that bricks are bought by a variety of people: past and present employees and commission ers of the Fair, Fair exhibitors and concessionaires, and others who have strong tics to the Fair. beef cattle a potential problem nesium found in the legume hay. But in open winters such as this, we find the grass is growing rapidly and early, and presents a tempting choice to cattle. When a cow begins to suffer tetany, you may see the animal be come excitable, with ears erect and they may appear to be blind. They also lose coordination and stagger and go down. Once down, they may experience muscle trembling, grind ing teeth and violent convulsions. Death may follow. Positive diagnosis is difficult be cause a number of other diseases may cause similar signs. You may east of Eugene 'We found an unbelievable diver sity of critters in the soil," said Moldenke, research associate in OSU's entomology department. "We found 200 to 250 different creatures in one square meter. You can't even find that in the tropics. "Although we probably know more about the H.J. Andrews than any other forest in the world, we still don't know much," said Moldenke. "Many of the creatures we found have nevereven been given scientific names yet," he said. The high biodiversity of inverte brates in streams and other aquatic environments of the Andrews didn't surprise Norman Anderson, aquatic entomologist with the OSU Agricul tural Experiment Station, another co author of the report "In the Pacific Northwest we have a greater diversity of habitats than many places," explained Anderson. "We have a large change in elevation, small streams running all the way to big rivers, It's our topography that gives us our variety." Available by writing the U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station, Publications Di vision, 333 S.W.lst Ave., 6th Floor, Robert Duncan Plaza, P.O. Box 3890, Portland, OR 97208. Ask for General Technical Report PNW-GTR-290. Information provided by: Warm Springs OSU Extension Office 1131 Paiuto Street 553-3238 for April 14,15 notes, because workshops are filled as registrations are received. Confer ence registration is 563 or $60 for persons 65 or older. Continuing education credits are available for nursing home administrators, nurses, social workers and certified home economists. Copies of the program, and the registration form, are available from county offices of the OSU Extension Service or from Patsy Vaughn, con ference coordinator, OSU, LaSells Stewart Center, Corvallis 97331 3102, telephone 737-2402. standard of living, temporarily, so you don't give up essentials. Devise a plan for finding new employment More detailed information is available at the Warm Springs Ex tension Office in a free publication entitled: "What to Do it You Lose Your Job," EC1 059. to community conjunction with the OSU Extension Service. Torcgistcr,contactCOCCat385 5503. For more information about the program contact Tom Wykcs at 385-1410. "We're talkin Big" theme for 1992 Oregon State Fair "We're Talkin' BIG" is the theme for the 1992 Oregon State Fair. This theme underscores the Fair's long time nickname of the "Big One." The Fair's poster, brochure and print ads will include the theme and a big, proud rooster. The rooster will also grace some the Fair's souvenir items which will be on sale during the twelve-day event The only thing missing is a name for the rooster. The fair is seeking help from all Oregon elementary school children, kindergarten through sixth grade in naming the rooster. The Fair Advisory Commission will choose the best name and the winner will receive a family packet to the Fair which includes four one-day admission tickets, one parking pass and 10 ride tickets. The winning name will be an nounced in the next issue of the Showcase which is due in early Au gust want your vet to test blood samples from the affected animal and others in the herd as well, to get an idea of the herd status. Ask the vet to check the magnesium levels in the blood samples. Sizable dosesof magnesium (or magnesium sulfates) may be recommended. Cattle in the early stages of tetany should be handled carefully to keep them from getting excitable. As for prevention, be sure that you keep plenty of magnesium min eral available from October to May. Don't let cattle graze grass too early; mature grasses have higher concen trations of magnesium than do young grass plants. Graze legume or le gume grass pastures first or at least graze the least susceptible cows on the grass first Heifers, dry cows or cows with calves older than four months are less likely to develop tetany. Keep accurate records. Cows that have tetany once are likely to repeat and there is some tendency for the trait to be heritable. Avoid grazing susceptible animals on early grass pastures or on cereal pastures, as these tend to be the most often as sociated with grass tetany. One goal of cattlemen everywhere is to bunch their calving season into a nice short time frame. One method to do so is to shorten the time between calving and the cow beginning to cycle again for rebreeding. Tests at Nebraska show that by exposing your cows to a bull two to three weeks after calving can speed up cycling by as much as 20 days compared to cattle not exposed. In addition, cows in moderate body condition were more responsive to bull exposure than cows in high body condition at calving. The average starting dates of the cycles was 61 .8 days from parturition for cows exposed to young bulls, 59.5 days forcows exposed to mature bulls, and 72.3 days for cows not exposed, a little simple management can help you get your herd reproduc ing sooner.