Spilyay Tymoo Warm Springs, Oregon June 29, 1990 PAGE 5 Help your Children with summerjobs learn about a tot of things, including taxes. It's important for parents to help children learn. W-4 forms and with holding information on paycheck stubs can be difficult for first-tme workers, but understanding what's required and how the tax system works is an important personal finance lesson. Most children will fall in the IS percent tax bracket, which covers taxable income up to $ 19.450. Their first $3,230 of earnings in 1990 will Clean wood surfaces carefully Wooden counter tops or cutting boards aren't the best choice from a food safety standpoint; an acrylic cutting board is better. But many people have wooden countcrtops or cutting boards and the following steps will ensure the best food safety conditions when wooden sur faces are used. After each use, the surface should be thoroughly cleaned with soap and water and then rinsed with clear water. Soap residue on very large cutting boards or attached counterstops should be removed by wiping with a cloth wrung out in clear water. Avoid damage to the wood by drying the surface with a clean towel after rinsing. Whenever raw meat, poultry or sea food come into contact with the countertop or cutting board, the soap-and-water cleaning should be followed with a rinse in clear water and then scrubbing the entire sur face with a stiff-bristle brush and a Here's how to hand wash clothing Have you avoided buying a piece of clothing because of two little words, "hand wash," on the label? Although it may sound myste rious to someone who has never taken care of his or her own clothes, hand washing is easy. Here's what to do: 1 . Fill a basin, large bowl or plas tic dishpan with warm water. 2. Add a capful or tablespoon of liquid or dry detergent. 3. Immerse the item. If it's wool, let it soak three minutes without agitation. Otherwise, rub the item together against itself in the stained areas. If the fabric is especially del icate, don't be overly enthusiastic or rough with this step. 4. Squeeze the excess water out of the item, and drain the soapy water from the basin. 5. Refill the basin with fresh water and slosh the item in the basin of water to rinse out soapy residue. Repeat until the foam is gone. 6. Hang on a plastic hanger over the tub of shower drain to drip dry unless it is wool or loosely knit. If it's wool or knit, spread it out on plastic to dry. Summertime recipes offered Barbecued Kabobs Complete relaxationwhole-meal kabobs broiled with a quick zesty sauce! !4 cup minced onion 2 Tbsp. cooking oil 1 can (6 ounces) tomato juice 1 Tbsp. brown sugar 1 Tbsp. cider vinegar Dash cayenne 4 small red potatoes, halved 1 large green pepper 2 small onions 1 can (12 ounces) SPAM, cubed 8 mushrooms In small saucepan, saute onion in oil until trasnparent. Add tomato juice, brown sugar, vinegar and cayenne; bring to a boil. Lower heat and simmer barbecue sauce, uncovewred, 10 minutes. Wash potatoes but do not peel. Cook in small amount of boiling salted water until tender; drain. Seed and cut green pepper into 16 pieces. Cut each onion into 4 wedges. Alter nate potato, green pepper, SPAM, mushrooms and onions on long skewers. Place on broiling pan; brush with barbecue sauce. Broil at least three inches from heat source 15 minutes, turning and brushing with sauce after 5 and 10 minutes. Makes four servings. Best Ever Baked Beans The right seasonings transform canned baked beans. 2 medium onions, chopped I Tbsp. butter or margarine Jefferson Count Fair Jul 25-29, 1990 working chi be tax-lree it they claim a standard deduction. If not claimed as a dependent on their parent's tax return they also would receive the $2,050 personal exemption on 1990 taxes. But. if claimed by their parents, they would receive only the standard deduction. It is recommended parents check their children's W-4 form for the number of exemptions claimed for withholding purposes. Taxes may 'be withheld from summer pay checks as if the wages arc coming in year around. If income is for the summer only, it makes sense to solution of one tablespoon chlo rine bleach to a gallon of water. You may find this task easier if you mix up the chlorine bleach and water solution and store a jug or squirt bottle of it near your dish detergent. Be sure to label the container. Periodically, you will want to protect the wood surface with a thin layer of mineral oil. The more you use your wood surface the more you will need to reoil it, but even heavily used surfaces don't need reoiling more than once a week. Rub the mineral oil into the wood surface with a clean rag and remove any excess oil with a dry rag after 30 minutes. Mineral oil can be purchased at any drug store. Although vegetable oils, expecially olive oil, can be used to protect the wood, mineral oil has the advan tage because it doesn't become sticky when exposed to air. Blender drinks provide nutrition Lemon Fruit Flip I can (12 ounces) strawberry or apricot nectar, chilled Grated peel of xh fresh lemon Juice of I fresh lemon I medium banana, cut in chunks l cup crushed ice Va cup instant nonfat dry milk powder 1 to 2 Tbsp. sugar or honey. In blender, combine all ingre dients; blend until smooth. Gar nish with lemon wedges and fresh mint leaves, if desired. Makes four 6-ounce servings. About 1 14 calories per serving Orange Icecream Shake 2 oranges, peeled, cut in bite-size pieces 1 cup vanilla ice cream V tsp. pumpkin pie spice In blender, combine all ingre dints; blend until smooth. Makes Flea beetles can mean trouble Hungry flea beetles may be small, but in large numbers, they pack a big appetite. When enough of these pests get together, it means trouble for home gardens. 2 can (1 pound each) vegetarian beans in tomato sauce 1 Tbsp. chili sauce 1 Tbsp. molasses Vi tsp. chili powder I can (12 ounces) SPAM, cubed Saute onions in butter until transparent. In 1 '2-quart casserole, combine onions, beans, chili sauce, molasses, and chili powder; stir to mix well. StirinSPAM. Coverand bake in 400 degree oven for 35 minutes. Microwave directions: Combine onions and butter in I '2-quart cas serole; microwave 2 minutes. Stir; microwave another two minutes. Add remaining ingredients. Mic rowave 1 0 minutes, stirring after 4 and 8 minutes. Cover and let stand 5 minutes. Training set Camp Counselor Training, July 13, 14 and 15, 1990 at Trout Lake for 10th, Nth and 12th graders. For more information contact: Arlene or Tina at the OSU Exten sion office, 553-3238. Sign up Now!! Test your pressure canner Pressure Canner Testing, Thurs day morning only at the Warm Springs Extension office. You may just leave the lid, pick up later. Idren understand taxes have less withheld and more income available to spend and save while your child is working. Employers' withholding tables on the W-4 form can help you cal culate theappropriatc withholding level. If the job involves tips, it's important that your teenager keeps track of them and report them If Mustard stains on clothes can be removed You're at a summer picnic or ballgame when the mustard spills on your shirt or blouse. What to do? First, carefully blot up the excess or let it dry and scrape away. Don't rub the mustard into the fabric while trying to remove the Keep 4-Hers busy Riding in a police helicopter. Shooting the Hooch. Painting a picture. Observing birds of prey. Role playing leadership situations. Hiking a mountain. Examining a mineral collection. Hitting a bull's eye or catching a fish. These are all things you might find Clayton County 4-H'ers doing at Summer Classes. Keeping 4-H'ers busy with 4-H activities throughout the summer. Careful planning ensures a combi nation of fun and educational opportunities. The steps are basic. Choose a theme: Something kids will identify with a popular phrase.character etc. Plan a variety of enticing activi ties: Include a range in fees -some two 8-ounce servings. Variation: Substitute juice of 2 fresh oranges (23 cup) for bite size pieces. Makes two 6-ounce servings. Citrus Mint Tea Cooler 1 cup boiling water 3 tea bags 2 Tbsp. chopped fresh mint leaves 13 cup sugar 2 cups cold water Juice of three fresh lemons 02 cup) Juice of one fresh grapefruit Ice Cubes Pour boiling water over tea bags and mint leaves. Steep five min utes; strain. Add sugar, stir to dis solve. Add cold water, lemon juice and grapfruit juice. Serve over ice. Garnish with lemon cartwheel sli ces and fresh mint leaves, if desired. Makes four 8-ounce servings. Flea beetles feed on the leaves of garden plants, especially tomato and potato plants, and either con sume the leaves completely or rid dle them thoroughly with small holes. The riddling effect is called Cotton sheets may be more comfortable If you're uncomfortable sleeping on hot summer nights, it may not be just the weather. It could be syn thetic fibers in your bedding. Cot ton or cotton blends are absorbent and provide comfort. The higher the percent of cotton in the blend, the more absorbent the fabric will be. And 100 percent cotton sheets, besides being comfortable, are less likely to pill (form hard fuzz balls on the surface) than polyester cot ton blends, adds Ardis Koester, OSU Extension textiles and clo thing specialist. All cotton sheets are increasing ly available in stores or can be ob tained through mail order outlets. They won't be as durable as polyes tercotton blends. THE CEREAL SCOOP CEREAL COSI(cents) SUGAR SODIUM(mg) CALORIES (Ready to Eat) per Serving (sucrose and per Serving per Serving simple sugars) All Bran 12 18 260 70 Cap'n Crunch 16 43 220 120 Cneerios 15 1 290 110 Chex Cereals 16 1 210 300 110 Cookie Crisp 22 46 190 110 Corn Flakes 11 1 280 110 Frosted Flakes 14 40 200 110 Fruity Marsh mallow Krispies 19 61 210 140 Grape Nuts 12 1 190 110 Kix 19 11 290 110 Life 14 21 180 120 Lucky Charms 18 38 150 110 Pebbles 21 46 160 110 fluffed Wheat 6 - - 50 (?aisin Bran (Kellogg's) 18 36 220 120 Pee Knspies 15 10 290 110 Shredded Wheat 13 no Wheaties 13 10 270 110 HOT CEREALS Cream of Wheat 8 100 Ouck Oats 8 100 Instant Quick 23 30 200 165 Quaker f 1ovora3) your child earns more than S20 in tips with any one employer in a month, he or she is expected to declare the total as income to the boss by the 10th day of the follow ing month. A daily diary or a copy of IRS Form 4070-A ( Employee's Daly Record of Tips) is handy for keep ing track of this cash income. excess. Mustard spills are difficult to remove because they are a dye stain. At home, prctreat the stain with a heavy-duty liquid laundry deter gent. Then rinse thoroughly. Soak the stained garment in a dilute free, if at all possible. Promote the program: A pro gram booklet based on the theme can provide all the information 4 H'ers and parents need. Colorful T-shirts sporting the theme are real eye-catchers (easy to spot in a crowd) and proceeds can help fund transportation and supplies. Recruit volunteers: Include a parent volunteer registration form along with 4-H'crs registration. Make the paperwork as simple as possible: Register, collect fees and insurance forms; make up ros ters for each class. Have fun: Surely you've planned activities you enjoy, too! Relax and get to know your 4 H'ers. Lemon Melon Mist xh cup diced honeydew or canta loupe melon V2 cup lime sherbet xh cup crushed ice Juice of '$ fresh lemon 1 Tbsp. light corn syrup In blender, combine all ingre dients; blend until smooth. Gar nish with lemon half-cartwheel slice and melon ball, if desired. Makes one 8-ounce serving. One-day quilt class set Quilt-in-a-day class, lovers knot pattern, July 14, 1990 from 8:30 a.m. - until finished at the 4-H Center. Come join us we are very suc cessful with several finished quilts. Sign up at the OSU Extension office or call 553-3238. "leaf shot." These beetles are brown to black in color and about the same size as fleas. Like fleas, the beetles move by jumping. The best way to bring these small insects under control is to start treatment of infested plants as soon as holes in leaves are noticed. Continue treatment weekly until the damage stops. Pesticides effective for control ling flea beetles are rotenone, Sevin and Thiodan. Be sure to follow all label directions when using pest icides. Direct treatment of plant stems or vines where they enter the soil. Several applications of pesticides may be required to stop extensive flea beetle damage. Cool weather The cool weather in May and June this year has increased the likelihood of vegetable bolting in many home gardens. A vegetable has bolted when it develops a seed stalk instead of producing the vegetable the plant is erown for. Bolting is often a problem with solution of all-fabric powdered bleach. Powdered bleach packages have directions lor doing color fastness tests if the garment is col ored or has a printed design. If the stain is still visible, and the garment is white or colorfast, pre pare to soak the garment in a dilute solution of liquid chlorine bleach and water. Measure the quantity of water to cover the garment. Mix water and chlorine bleach at the rate of I cup of liquid bleach to I quart of water. Remember that bleach can alter the color of a fabric as well as the stain. Bleach the whole garment and do not try to bleach just a spot, stresses Ardis Koester, OSU Ex tension textiles and clothing spe cialist. Bleach can do irreversible dam age to colored garments. To decide if a garment is colorfast to bleach, test the fabric in an inconspicuous area. Mix I tablespoon of beach with Va cup water. Use an eye dropper to put a drop of the solu tion on a hidden scam or pocket edge inside the garment. Let it stand two minutes, then blot dry. If "Zero" is getting smaller Check out how much smaller "zero" is getting. Chemical residues are much easier to detect nowadays. I n 1 970, scientists could generally find only one part per billion.. .anything less was "zero." Today's technology can often detect one part per tril lion and in some cases one part per quadrillion. To put that in perspec tive.. .one part per trillion equals a teaspoon of salt in a lake six feet deep, a mile long, a mile wide. A spoon of salt... 1 .3 billion gallons of water. , , Thus more pesticides are subject to ''sudden-death" restric tions. ..Dclancy clause that bans even the tiniest bit of cancer-causing chemicals. A good reason why agrifood industry wants a more realistic law Children need Single parents: Encourage your child The number of single parents is growing each year. According to the 1980 U.S. Census Bureau, 45 of all children born in this decade will spend at least one year living with only one parent. In addition to job skills, partici pants learn how to get along better with their children. For many par ents communication is their number one problem. How can parents encourage child ren? 1. Expect success 2. Allow mistakes 3. Accept your child 4. Don't compare 5. Live what you preach 6. Encourage improvement 7. Encourage effort The list above can be found in an excellent resource available causes bolting biennial vegetable plants such as cabbage, beets and carrots. Celery, chard, onions and spinach also bolt under certain conditions. Biennial vegetable plants ordi narily take two growing seasons to produce vegetables. After produc ing vegetables they go to seed and then die. When the planting of biennial vegetables is followed by a long period of cool weather the normal growing cycle becomes compressed and the plants bolt, forming flower stalks and produc ing seed prematurely. Since biennial plants are grown for their roots, stalks or leaves, bolting renders these plants use less. Biennial vegetable plants are of ten bought as transplants and transferred to the home garden. Larger biennial transplants can be likely candidates for bolting when periods of cool temperatures fol low their planting. Select smaller plants when buy ing transplants. Transplants with stem diameters less than the thickness of a pencil (about three-sixteenth of an inch) work best. Biennial transplants can also bolt if they are exposed to cool temperatures in preparation for their transfer to the garden environment. Information Provided By: OSU Warm Springs Extension 1134 Palute Street PO Box 430 Warm Springs, OR 97761 (503) 553-32383239 there is no color change, it is safe to use liquid chlorine bleach. Soak the garment in the diluted chlorine bleach up to 1 5 minutes. If the slain is not removed in IS min utes, further bleaching will only weaken the fabric. Remove the garment from the solution, rinse well and launder according to the care label instructions. Clearjel A for canning and pie filling Is available at the Extension Office $1.75lb. SeeDeborMollle White sales offer reduced price s You can expect to buy house hold textiles at reduced costs dur ing the White sales usually held twice a year in January and now. If you're looking for durability, blends containing a greater pro portion of polyester have longer wear life than those containing a -greater proportion of cotton. If you're looking for sheets, con sider that fitted sheets wear out twice as fast as flat sheets but are much easier to use. Alternating use of two sets and rotating the head and foot will extend the life. acceptance from the Cooperative Extension Service-Parent Aid Series. Other topics include: parenting styles, un derstanding your chilld, talking to your child, understanding behav ior and misbehavior, effective dis cipline, family stress, etc. In order for a child to build a secure image of himself, he needs two major supports from a parent: acceptance and encouragement. Caregivers need support, flexible work schedules What is the impact of caregiving on caregivers? Caregivers face hid den financial costs, physical and emotional stress and decreased job performance. More than half of the caregivers to the elderly are employed full time. Caregiving demands can result in stress-related health problems and affect job performance. Employees may be late for work, take unscheduled time off or be absent because of caregiving re sponsibilities. Productivity and work quality may decrease. Some caregivers leave their iobs because of caregiving responsibili ties. Other choose jobs witn tewer demands and lower pay. Such deci sions can have serious implications for a caregiver's future financial security. Flexible work schedules and the availability of supportive services can make it easier for caregivers to meet the demands of both a job and caregiving. And it can increase employee productivity. Whether employed or not, it's critical for caregivers to take care of themselves. Caregivers must be aware of the impact of caregiving so that it doesn't take a toll on them physically, emotionally or finan cially. Deterioration in the well being of the caregiver doesn't benefit the person receiving care. For insight into how to take care of yourself w hen providing care to another, read "Coping with Care giving", an OSU Extension publi cation available from the Warm Springs Office. The publication dis cusses ways to manage caregiver stress.