Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current, March 09, 1990, Page PAGE 7, Image 7

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    Spilyay Tymoo
Warm Springs, Oregon
March 9, 1990 PAGE 7
Vacations provide break from routine
' Can't afford to take a vacation?
Maybe you can't afford not to take
In these fast-paced and stressful
times, a vacation may be an
investment in a person's health and
family well-being.
Vacations provide more than an
opportunity to visit relatives or
catch a few fish. Vacations allow us
to recharge both mentally and
physically. Unfortuntely. many
people ignore these benefits, and
even though entitled to vacations
from their jobs, they never take
Vacation skippers are more likely
to make errors and to be irritable
with co-workers. Productivity isn't
measured solely by hours on the
A vacation provides a change of
pace, enables a person to do a bet
ter job upon returning to work,
helps maintain closeness among
family members, and helps indi
viduals prepare for future leisure
Whether a vacation involves an
elaborate trip or staying at home,
try to make the time-off a complete
break from routine.
If your job requires mental activ
ity, let your vacation include doing
someting physical; if you deal with
people daily, try some solitude; or
if your life is constantly ruled by
deadlines, try some unstructured
Spending some vacation time
with the whole family strengthens
family unity, but equally impor
tant for spouses is to have time
alone together.
In planning a vacation, avoid
common vacation pitfalls-fatigue,
expenses, and unrealistically high
expectations-which can turn a
seemingly ideal vacation into a
One of the first steps in planning
is to be sure everyone is happy with
the vacation plans. It's important
to resist the family member who
says. "You decide where to go."
If only one person is seen as
responsible for the decision on
where to vacation, that person will
be blamed for the weather, the
mosquitoes, bad meals, and noisy
motels. Make everyone responsi
ble for the trip.
Find out what each person wants
in a vacation. For example, if one
person wants a break from cook
ing, others should be prepared to
pitch in on cooking chores or plan
ning restaurant meals.
A person who is tired of daily
commuting and the "rat race" may
preter to sit on the beach, reading
and relaxing. If this is the situation,
other family members should be
prepared to do sightseeing without
the person along.
Sadly, some vacations fail be
cause many people try too hard
and plan too many activities or
sights to see. They may go at vaca
tions with the same intensity they
devote to their jobs. To avoid this
kind of tension plan shorter, less
taxing trips and pre-p'-n your stops.
Few things are more discourag
ing than a fruitless search for a
motel room when everyone is
exhausted after a long day's drive.
For young children, it often helps
to make a trip seem as much like
home as possible. Take along some
famililur and comforting objects
such as toys or books, and try to
keep up daily routines for meals,
naps and bedtimes.
And don't rule out staying at
home as a vacation option. Vaca
tions at home can be among the
most relaxing and creative. The
trick is to fill your days with new
activities. Ask yourself, "if we lived
far away and came here for a vaca-
Information on this page provided by the
Warm Springs Office
of the Oregon State University
Extension Service
Phone: 553-1 161, ext. 238 or 239
Use thinking words with kids
Kids need to know that their
parents mean it when they set lim
its. Parents need to know that there
are ways to say "no" without wag
ing a major battle.
I wish your kids would thank
you for having the strength to set
limits. But kids have never been
known to say, "Thanks, Dad. 1 feel
a lot more secure now that I know
you mean what you say. Thanks
for loving me enough to set these
limits." Instead, they may pout,
complain, stomp around, run to
their rooms, whine or talk back.
This often leaves the adult angry
and confused.
Why are kids so testy when we
are giving them limits that will help
build their sense of security and
self-confidence? Children need to
test limits just to make sure that the
limits are firm. Each youngster
seems to have hisher own special
testing routine. Some use anger,
some use guilt, some are sneaky
while others use forgetting to test
your resolve.
Saying yes to something else: It
helps parents to remember that
kids hear the word "no" far too
often. It seems to be a call to arms,
a fighting word. A child often
wages war against "no" in a very
subtle way by trying to get the par
ent to do all the thinking while the
kid stands back and criticizes.
Making kids think: You can turn
the tables on children, forcing them
to do most of the thinking. Just
replace "no" by saying "yes" to
something other than the child's
explicit requestdemand. Use
"thinking words" instead of "fight
ing words." For example:
Fighting words: "No, you can't
go out to play. You need to prac
tice your lessons."
Thinking words: "Yes. you may
go out tn plav as soon as you prac
tice your lessons."
Most youngsters will try to argue
when faced with thinking words.
However, since you started the
conversation with yes instead of
no, you need feel no guilt, and you
need explain or justify nothing.
State-of-the-art arguing is now in
your hands. No matter what the
child says, simply agree that it is
probably true. Then add the word
"and". Follow this by repeating
your first assertion.
Learnable tools such as this one
can be used to eliminate fights with
your children.
4-H Photography Weekend
April 20, 21 and 22
in Baker City, Oregon
$30 tor all three days or
$25 for Saturday only
You do not have to be involved in
photography projects to attend.
Contact the Extension Office for more info.
Registration forms are due by March 30.
Low-cal recipes offered
Have holes in clothes?
Problem: Holes and tears in
clothes after using chlorine bleach.
Solution: When used correctly,
chlorine bleach works very effec
tively on spotted, stained or dingy
fabrics. But it can damage fabrics
when it's not used properly. For
best results:
Don't use chlorine bleach on
wool, silk, spandex, acetates or
Helpful ways to
eliminate unneeded fat
I Use nonstick pots and pans to
preparefoods that "require some
fat, such as pancakes, omelets, sau
teed vegetables, browned meats and
for rehating leftovers.
Use the end of a stick of marga
rine or pastry brush dipped in oil to
give a light coating of fat, instead
of adding a chunk of margarine or
a spoonful of oil to the pan. Or,
coat the pan with a nonstick veget
able spray.
For some foods, you can skip the
cooking fat altogether and use a
nonfat liquid instead, such as
chicken or beef broth, or tomato
juice to prepare vegetables.
Trim off all visible fat from meat
before you cook it. Broil or bake
Use your
sense of humor
Encourage your child to see the
humorous side of an event. Show
you can laugh at yourself. Take
care never to be laughing at your
Encourage self-appreciation:
"You sound pleased with your
Accept and value the child's uni
queness: "You're very imaginative."
Be positive: "I'll bet we can fig
ure out a solution. What ideas do
you have?" "I know you're sad to
move away from this neighborhod,
but our new house will be close to
the park."
on a rack to drain excess fat.
Remove even more fat from the
meat by dabbing with paper towels
after cooking.
Bake or broil meats, poultry and
fish instead of frying them.
Plan ahead when you cook foods
like stews that contain expendible
fat. If possible, cook them in
advance and cool then skim off
fat before reheating.
Surprise the family
Successful family building doesn't
rely on big chuncks of time. Familly
relations can be refreshed by adding
an element of surprise. You don't
need to do all these things in one
week. Do them all year long. Keep
you family guessing.
Fill someone's closet with bal
loons. Write a note on each one.
Take your chid or your mate out
for a special treat.
Throw a party for some nor
mally unheralded event like the first
snowfall, a pet's birthday or the
first robin.
Designate a day or evening of
the week when the family meets for
Begin a new family ritual or
Put an "I appreciate you" box
somewhere in the house and
encourage family members to place
notes of thanks in it. Periodically
open the box and, as a family, read
its contents.
For the cleanest dishes in town,
follow these suggestions:
Read and use the care informa
tion that-comes with your dish
washer. The information should be filed
with the machine's warranty for
easy access.
For best results, follow the five
basic guidelines for getting the best
from your machine. The five guide
lines are load properly; set the
water heater temperature correctly;
check the filter regularly; use the
recommended cycle and soak heav
ily soiled pots and pans before
running them through the dish
washer. For persons buying used dish
washers, ask a local dealer who
handles that brand for a user's
manual, that way you'll have the
use and care information you need.
flame retardant fabrics. Do follow
directions on garment care labels
for use of bleach.
Always measure bleach and never
use more than one cup for a full
load. Use less in compact washers.
Add bleach correctly. Put deter
gent and soiled load into washer,
start wash cycle, then pour mea
sured bleach into dispenser. No
bleach dispenser? Then dilute mea
sured bleach in one quart of water.
Let the washer fill and begin agitat
ing the load and detergent. Pour
diluted bleach around agitator
not directly on the load.
Problem: Elastic in garments los
ing elasticity.
Solution: Elastic is sensitive to
soils and heat and can be damaged
by both. To care for them properly,
follow these suggestions.
tlastic picxs up and holds body
oils, causing it to deteriorate. Wash
items with elastic often to help
reduce such damage.
Use hot or warm water and
enough liquid detergent to remove
Dry at lowest temperature set
ting and don't overdry. Remove
such items from the dryer while
they're slightly damp.
Join 4-H
Recipes for low-calorie salad
Red French Dressing (20 calories
per tablespoon).
6 oz. tomato juice (34 cup)
1 I2 tsp. catsup
2 Tbsp. corn oil
I Tbsp cider vinegar
I2 tsp. prepared mustard
I2 tsp. Worcestershire sauce
I 8 tsp. celery salt
Place all ingredients in blende
on low setting 30 seconds.
Creamy Italian Dressing (10 calo
ries per tablespoon)
I2 cup mock sour cream
I8 tsp. each crushed basil and
I8 tsp. garlic salt
I8 tsp. salt
1 1 4 tsp. Worcestershire sauce
1 tsp. cider vinegar
2 Tbsp. water
Place ingredients in small con
tainer; blend thoroughly. Best if
flavors allowed to blend for a few
hours or overnight.
Plan now for
4-H Summer
The Youth Conference manage
ment team had its first meeting on
January 1 5 in Hood River. As a
result, this year's conference will be
called "4-H Summer Week The
New Decade" and will be held J une
1 8-22, 1 990. The SI 25 fee will
include a T-shirt. County registra
tions are due in the state 4-H office
by May I.
Creamy Cucumber Dressing (9
calories per tablespoon)
12 cup mock sour cream
18 tsp. dill (14 tsp. if using
fresh dill)
14 tsp. Worcestershire sauce
18 tsp. salt
112 Tbsp. chopped cucumber
1 tsp. chopped onion
14 tsp. capers, drained (optional)
112 tsp. water
Place ingredients in small con
tainer; blend thoroughly.
Orange Dressing (12 calories per
12 cup mock sour cream
2 Tbsp. frozen orange juice con
centrate, thawed
34 tsp. lemon juice
18 tsp. salt
18 tsp. paprika
dash garlic salt
l-l 12 Tbsp. water, to desired
Place ingredients in small con
tainer; blend thoroughly. Delicious
on both green and fruit salads.
Russian Dressing (II calories per
12 cup mock sour cream
1 12-2 Tbsp. chili sauce, to taste
18 tsp. paprika
2 Tbsp. water
Place ingredients in small con
tainer; blend thoroughly.
Mock Sour Cream (10 calories
per Tbsp)
12 cup low-fat cottage cheese
12 tsp lemon juice
34 tsp. chopped onions or
chives (optional)
Place ingredients in blender and
mix for two minutes or until
Deal with cattle lice during winter months
Lice cause losses in all types of
beef cattle operations. Some anim
als that develop extremely large
lice populations may abort their
calf or die from anemia caused by
blood loss but the major loss results
from poor feed conversion.
In cow-calf operations, lousy cat
tle produce less milk and will wean
lighter calves. Cattle feeders will
find lousy cattle require more feed
for each pound gained. Louse-infested
cattle appear unthrifty and
have dry looking skin. They also
damage fences, corrals and feeder
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CPSC Warns About Asbestos in Consumer Products
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These products contain asbestos. Handling these products may release asbestos fibers, and
breathing asbestos fibers may cause cancer.
bunks by rubbing on them to relieve
the irritation caused by lice feed
ing. Lice are primarily a wintertime
problem because sunshine, rain,
self-grooming and short
summer hair coat make poor con
ditions for their development.
Cattle are the only host of cattle
lice. Usually one or two percent of
the cattle in a herd are carriers that
will harbor high numbers of lice
year around. Bulls are often carri
ers since they have denser coat and
cannot self-groom as easily as the
other cattle. Lice spread by contact
from carriers to other animals in
the herd. Cattle lice spend their
entire life on the animal and will
live only a few days off the host if
removed. Lice can pass from egg to
adult in three to four weeks. Eggs
that fall off the host will not hatch
unless the weather is hot and then
the young must find a host within
two to three days or they will die.
Each time cattle are handled
they can be examined for lice in a
few seconds. Part their hair with
your fingertips and examine the
animal in several places including
the neck, withers, brisket, shoulders,
midback, tailhcad and behind the
There are four species of lice that
infest cattle. Three of these species
feed by piercing the skin and suck
ing blood. The fourth feeds on the
scales of the skin and causes irrita
tion. It is reddish colored instead of
blue like the bloodsucking lice and
it is usually found at the base of the
tail or withers of cattle of all ages.
Chemical Control Herds rou
tinely treated forcattle grubs, hom
ilies, or faceflies may not develop
lice infestations which require
treatment. If grubby cattle are to
be treated for lice, use a systemic
insecticide after the first frost in the
fall. If this can! be done, wait until
late January to treat to prevent
anaphylactic shock to the animals
which results from drying grubs
present in their bodies. It treatment
for lice is needed in late fall or early
winter, use a non-systemic insecti
cide. Systemics will not kill lice
that are not feeding or eggs of lice.
A second treatment may be needed
in herds with large infestations.
Sanitation Following simple
sanitation practices will help you
limit the spread of lice in your cat
tle. Isolate newly purchased
animals and examine them. If they
have lice, treat them before you
move them into the herd. If bed
ding, feeder bunks, sheds or trucks
have been contacted by lousy cat
tle, keep other cattle away from
them for two days in winter or 10
days in summer, or sanitize them
before reuse.
ImportantlAll insecticides are
poisonous. Read the label on the
package and follow precautions
carefully. Avoid contaminating the
skin, eyes and clothing with any
pesticide. Do not contaminate feed
or water. To protect fish and wild
life, keep pesticides out of ponds
and streams. Keep pesticides away
from children and domestic anim
als and safely dispose of used
Warning The recommendations
in this article are based on the best
information currently available for
chemical use. If recommendations
are followed carefully, residues
should not exceed the tolerance
established for any particular
chemical. To avoid excessive resi
dues, follow recommendations
carefully with respect to dosage
levels, number of applications and
minimum intervals between appli
cations. The cattleman is responsi
ble for residues.
Diseases often fatal
The Clostridial diseases are a
group of mostly fatal infections
caused by bacteria belonging to the
group called Clostridia. These
organisms have the ability to form
Youngsters can
be contradictory
Six- to eight-year-olds are:
Sensitive to criticism, and don't
accept failuie well.
Are easily motivated and eager
to try the new.
Should be reminded that all
learning involves' language.
Learn best ir physically active.
Have experimental, explora
tory behavior as part of their
Have strong desire for affec
tion and attention of adults.
Deal with here and now and
their interest span is short.
protective shell-like forms called
spores when exposed to adverse
condtions. This allows them to
remain potentially infective in soils
for long periods of time and pre
sent a real danger to the livestock
population. Many of the organisms
in this group are also normally
present in the intestines of man and
animals. Watch the next few issues
of the Spilyay Tymoo for more on
Clostridial diseases like blackleg
and tetanus.
A homemaker
Homemaking is more than cook
ing arid sewing. It is learning how
to maintain a family budget; how
to protect one's family and home;
how to deal with the outside world;
how to establish goals within a
family and achieve them and how
to croat. a happy home.