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About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 3, 1989)
Warm Springs, Oregon
November 3, 1989 IGi:7
Alzheimer's Disease month creates awareness
November is National Alzheim
er's Diescase month a time to
focus on Alzheimer's disease and
those afflicted. It's a devastating
disease. It robs individuals of their
mental, and eventually, physical
Although researchers are mak
ing great strides in understanding
the disease, there is still no known
cure or prevention. And, the cause
is still unknown.
During this month and through
out the year it's as important to
focus on the family as it is to focus
on the person who has Alzheimer's
For the family, losing the person
they have always known, although
he or she is still physically present,
can be particularly painful. Family
members have said, "It's very, very
hard to watch someone you love
die very, very slowly", and "It's
like a funeral that never ends."
Alzheimer's disease also results
in a gradual shift of tasks and
responsibilities from the patient to
the caregiver. These added respon
sibilities can be overwhelming.
Social and emotional isolation
occurs for many caregivers. The
caregiver may not be able to leave
the patient alone at home. Or, the
person may become easily upset in
public, may become unable to tol
erate being around people, andor
lose social graces.
One caregiver said, "During the
five years of caring for my hus
band, I only left home to get the
necessities food and his medica
tions. I prayed nothing would hap
pen while I was away." Another
commented, "I feel like a prisoner
in my own home."
Caregivers must be realistic about
what they can do; Eventually, the
patient may need round-the-clock
supervision and care. No person
can provide such total care without
help. Those who try usually become
physically and emotionally ex
hausted. Healthy caregiving is when care
givers consider the consequences
of caregiving decisions not just for
the patient, but also for themselves
and other family members. Ignor
ing one's own needs is not only
potentially detrimental to the care
giver, but also can be harmful to
the person who depends on the
The Warm Springs OSU Exten
sion office has several publications
to help understand Alzheimer's
Disease and to make more effective
caregiving decisions. Helping
Memory Impaired Elders provides
guidelines for dealing with a per
son who suffers from proerrssivr
memory loss; Coping with Cure
giving d iscusscs the sou rccs of ca re
giving stress and ways to reduce the
conflict and stress caused by the
demands of caregiving; and Fami
lies and Aging: A Guide to Ugal
Concerns addresses many of the
legal and financial issues families
Information on this page provided by the
by tho Warm Springs Office
of the Oregon State University
Phone: 553-1161, ext. 238 or 239
As they grow
Children's desire to learn increases with age
The child's world is fresh and
new. Faces, hands and bottles
miraculously appear above the
baby's crib, then go away. While
being carried around the house, the
infant discovers chairs, pictures and
window panes. What are these
things? Their names and purposes
are a mystery.
It's easy to understand why child
ren itch to touch every object they
Children become increasingly
creative in the ways they explore
the world around them. From the
start, they stare, taste and listen
with all their might, but they can't
get the things they see and hear.
Gradually, they become more coor
dinated. They squeeze, shake and
bang things. They try to make
things happen. As they experie
ment, they try out every action they
have learned on a new object.
Young children find problems to
solve. We forget that simple things
such as getting a rattle that is out of
reach are tough problems for babies.
Preschoolers tackle harder tasks,
such as how to fit clothes on a doll,
paint stripes or make a road.
Often children solve problems in
unusual ways, for they have few
preconceived ideas about how
things are supposed to be done.
They will try anything. A three-year-old
may shake, bang, and
turn a jar upside down rather than
use a spoon to get some cocoa.
Gradually, children learn to pause
and plan ahead before plunging
into action. 1 hey start to consider
alternatives. They choose between
tape and glue rather than trying the
first thing they see.
Around their third birthday,
children develop a bursting desire
to recreate everything they have
learned. They make replicas of
things they know. They will use
any means words, paint, blocks
or clay to express things that are
important to them.
In the process of recreating their
experiences and ideas, children can
create something new. unique and
J ok u$ fot
Sundty, November 12
9t the 4-H Center
(Bwinent of the Old Boys Pom)
Those smnding mil build thek own sundml
Teens' symptoms of depression differ
While the majority of youth today
are not feeling depressed or suici
dal, it is important to recognize it
when it occurs.
Some teens suffering from de
pression will mope around, lifeless,
discouraged and "down in the
dumps." They may be lazy and not
want to do anything. Other de
pressed teenagers may act out their
depression through unusual impul
sive or reckless behavior.
When the adolescent's self-esteem
hits low levels, life may not seem
worth living. For an increasing
number of teens, despair sets in
and thoughts of suicide are enter
tained. The suicide rate for adolescents
has tripled in the last twenty years.
Traditionally, more girls than boys
Manage time during holiday season
The holidays can often be a very
stressful time for families. Single
parent families and blended fami
lies often have to deal with compli
cated schedules, as well as com
Although some parents have
holiday details in their legal agree
ment, others work out plans every
year. It is important to be reason
able, flexible and to plan ahead.
The folllwing are some practical
suggestions for divorced or separ
ated parents to consider.
1. Consider your hopes for this
holiday season the times with the
children, the times without the
children. Have several versions, all
acceptable to you.
2. Present these alternatives to
the other parent. (If you don't
communicate well, use the mail.)
Give the other parent time to think
about your proposals and respond.
3. Try to plan your holiday times
well ahead. Two months' notice is
A spending plan will help your
family capture the magic of the
holidays without financial stress.
Novembver and December mean
dinners, parties and exchanging of
gifts. There are good times, but
higher than usual monthly expenses
often go with the good times.
The first step in developing a
holiday spending plan is to esti
mate holdiay costs. Put it all on
paper travel, special family meals,
parties, charitable donations and
gifts, decorations, greeting cards,
postage and gifts.
As you estimate the cost of gifts,
list the people for whom you usu
ally buy gifts, the gift ideas you
have for this year, and the approx
The next step is to estimate the
amount of money available for hol
iday spending. What money is
available from November and De
cember incomes. What money, if
any, are you willing to withdraw
from savings? How much, if any,
can you comfortably put on credit
cards and charge accounts?
Remember when ou use credit,
you're spending 1990 income. If
you are planning to pay some of
the cost in 1990. ! ok ahead to your
January and February income and
expenses to determine if December
bills will cause excess financial
If expense estimates are greater
than income estimates, the alterna
tives to overspending are to increase
income and or decrease expenses.
Before deciding to cut certain ex
penses think about the parts of
your usual holiday celebration
which are most special. A family
discussion might reveal ways to
expand or maintain the special
events, while eliminating those with
little meaning or those which have
become a burden.
After the family has developed a
holiday spending plan, keep track
of your actual expenditures. If you
overspend in one area, go back to
the plan and make adjustments.
not too much.
4. If you talk in person or by
phone, follow up your understand
ing of the conversation with a brief
and informal note of confirmation.
When emotionally laden post
divorce holidays tangle with prac
tical matters such as dates, plans,
expenses and responsibilities, writ
ten confirmation is essential.
5. Be very specific when making
plans. Which parent will have the
children, which days? For how
long? Who will do the transpora
tion? What about transportation
Remember the holiday season is
the perfect itme to fan the anger
and resentments from the past, to
reignite unfinished emotional business.
attempted suicide but more boys
succeeded. However, the suicide
success rate for girls has increased
because they are using more lethal
Recent statistics show that the
suicide rate for teenagers has leveled
off but the rate for middle school
age youth is increasing. One in
every 10 young persons is consi
dered to be at risk for suicide. Each
year, 500,000 young people attempt
to take their lives and 6,000 are
There are some signs that par
ents and others working with ado
lescents should be aware of. If
these signs show up in a teen, you
should consider the situation
serious. It is better to over react
and do something, rather than dis
miss what he or she says or does
because the young person is asking
The first sign to watch for is
gloomy and spiritless talk. A de
pressed teen may make such com
ments as "I'd be better off dead, "or
"You'd be better off without me."
Any talk about suicide, death or
life after death by a teen in an
extremely low or depressed state
should be taken seriously.
Be alert for expressed feelings of
worthlessness, hopelessness or
helplessness and physical signs such
as weight loss or dramatic changes
in sleeping habits.
Marked changes in a teen's social
life may indicate depression. De
pressed individuals may exhibit near
total withdrawal from friends and
family and near total loss of inter
est in activities, school or sports.
Abuse of drugs or alcohol con
tributes to the risk of suicide because
these substances lower inhibitions
and increase impulsive behaviors.
If any of these signs are present
in a teen you know, do something.
It is of utmost importance to gtt
help for the individual or get the
teen to seek help.
Professional help is available
from hospital emergency rooms,
physicians, counselors, pastors,
psychiatrists or mental health clin
ics. The National Youth Emergency
Line (Toll Free: I -800-62 1 -4000)
also can help.
1989-1990 4-H Native American
Poster and Logo Contest
Sponsored by OSU Warm Springs Extension
First Place Full camp tuition to Round
Lake Camp Challenge Camp, or be a
Challenge Camp Counselor
Second Place Vt tuition to each one of
Third Place $5 cash
The theme for 1989-1990 is "The Native
American Relationship Between Warm
Springs and 4-H Native American Youth
through the Ages."
1. Contest is open to children in the fourth
through 12th grades. You do not have to
be in a 4-H club.
2. Posters must be 24" x 13"
3. Poster submitted must be neatly writ
ten. You may use colored pens or pencils,
or an art medium of yourchoice. Art work
should be on one side of the paper only.
4. Posters will be judged on a) accuracy;
b) creativity; c) very short or limited
number of words; and d) logical devel
opment of the subject.
5. The winning posters will be on display
at all 4-H events. The local Extension staff
will be responsible for selecting the win
ning poster. Deadline is February 28,
There are ways to reduce heating costs
Each winter when the outside
temperature drops, your home
needs additional heating. That
means your heating bill will go up.
How much it goes up depends on a
number of factors, some of which
you can control.
You can't control the outside
temperature, of course, or the chilly
wind that makes it seem even colder.
But here's a list of things you can
do around your home to help make
sure you get the most out of the
heating dollars you pay and the
electricity you use.
Check to see if your home is
insulated in ceilings and outside
walls. Proper insulation helps hold
heat inside and keep the cold out
side. (In summer, good insulation
helps keep vour home cooler by
keeping trie heat out.)
Keep your thermostat at one
comfortable temperature setting all
day long. At night, lower the ther
mostat setting. But not too low,
because it will take longer to warm
the house in the morning.
If you have a fireplace, keep
the damper closed when the fire
place is not in use. Dampers left
open allow heat to escape up your
chimney. Also, cover the opening
of the fireplace into the room when
not in use or warmth can be lost up
through the chimney.
Keep drapes and blinds drawn
at night. Heat can escape right
through a window glass. Install
storm windows or cover outsides
of windows with heavy plastic for
Fix leaky faucets. You can
waste gallons of hot water every
day if faucets are left to drip.
Set the thermostats in your
water heater for 150 degrees. This
temperature is best for your washer
and dishwasher. Also, wrap water
heaters with insulation to help keep
warmth from escaping.
Do full loads in your washer
and dryer. Small loads waste elec
tricity and hot water.
Keep vour refrigerator and
freezer defrosted. This reduces run
ning time and saves electricity.
Avoid prolonged opening of frost
less refrigerators. This causes them
to run more and use more electricity.
Turn out lights behind you
when leaving a room not being
used. Train your familly to do the
Dress in layers of clothing
inside and outside the home so that
clothing is easy to put on and off as
you go from inside to outside. If
you dress warmer inside the ther
mostat can be set lower, thus using
Nutritious recipes offered
Cut the fat from holiday meals
While holidays bring good cheer
and good times, they also bring
rich meals that may not promote
good health. However, if you're
watching fat or cholesterol, you
can have your holiday turkey and
eat it too.
One consideration is the type of
turkey you chose. There is little
nutritional difference between a
frozen or fresh bird, but vou should
take care if you're considering one
of the self-basting turkeys. Self
basters are injected with vegetable
oils or butter before arriving at the
Turkey, especially the white meat,
is relatively low in cholesterol when
compared to beef or pork. How
ever, the turkey neck and giblets
are higher in fat and cholesterol.
There are several ways to trim that
fat without sacrificing the tradi
tional holiday meal.
Before you begin rosting the
turkey, trim fat in the neck and
back area. Trimming prior to cook
ing ensures that the turkey doesn't
simmer in those cholesterol-laden
When roasting, you can avoid
basting juicy birds with butter or
oil. Using a meat thermometer to
detemrine doneness will prevent
overcooking, a major cause of dry
meat. Roasting w ith a "tent" of foil
loosely covering the bird also will
retain moisture in the meat. Tur
key may also be roasted in plastic
Keep fat and cholesterol low in
turkey "trimmings."Gravy or stuf
fing made with turkey giblets can
be a big cholesterol culprit. Because
turkey liver is highest in choles
terol, leave it out of when making
If you're going to use broth, with
out without liver, put it in the
refrigerator or freezer after cook
ing to allow the fat to come to the
surface. Skimming off this fat will
reduce cholesterol as well.
Use moderation when holiday
recipes call for bacon, lard, butter,
cream and eggs. Of these, egg yolks
are the highest in cholesterol. In
most recipes, from the stuffing to
the pies, two egg w hites can substi
tute for one whole egg. For butter,
substitute margarine or vegetable
oil to saute vegetables or make
sauces. And don't forget to con
sider lemon juice and herbs when
seasoning salads and vegetables.
As a final reminder, dont forget
about pastries and other desserts.
Cholesterol counts can easily mount
when egg yolks and butter are
induced. Fresh fruit might be a
welcome ending to a big meal.
My family's Thanksgiving is not
compelte unless we have Cranberry
Cranberry Nut Bread
2 cups flour
xh tsp. salt
VA tsp. baking powder
Vi tsp. baking soda
1 cup sugar
Juice and grated rind of one orange
2 Tbsp. salad oil
I egg, beaten
I cup chopped raw cranberries
I cup chopped nuts
Sift the flour, salt, baking pow
der, baking soda and sugar two
times. Add the orange juice and
grated rind. To the salad oil, add
enough boiling water to make
cup liquid and add to the dry
ingredients. Add the egg; mix well.
Stir in the cranberries and nuts.
Pour batter into a greased loaf pan.
Bake at 325 degrees for I hour.
Store 24 hours before serving.
Suggestion: This bread makes
delicious tea sandwiches when sliced
and spread with butter and cream
cheese. It is also good toasted for
Year 'Round Pumpkin Bran
2 eggs, slightly beaten
1 16 oz. can pumpkin
!4 cup vegetable oil
1 cup lowfat milk
y2 cup sugar
I cup All-Bran cereal
1 cup whole wheat flour
1 cup enriched flour
2 tsp. bakinng powder
1 tsp. baking soda
Vi tsp. salt
I Vi tsp. cinnamon
I Vi tsp. cloves
!4 tsp. allspice
Optional: I cup any combination
of chocolate chips, raisins, nuts
Preheat oven to 350 degrees. In
large bowl combine eggs, pump
kin, oil, milk, sugarand bran. Mix
well. In small bowl, stir together
remaining ingredients and add to
pumpkin mixture, being careful
not to over-stir. Fill lined or greased
muffin tins almost full. Bake 30
minutes. Cool on w ire rack. Yields
1 Vi dozen.
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