Image provided by: The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Warm Springs, OR
About Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 18, 1988)
Warm Springs, Oregon
November 18, 1988 PAGE 5
Renovation results in modernized span across the Deschutes
The Deschutes River Bridge, once narrow and sometimes life
threatening, is now a wide and modern expanse after more than a year
of renovation. The $1.4 million project began in June, 1987 and
concluded in early November, 1 988. The Oregon Department of
Transportation contracted with Hamilton Construction of Springfield,
Oregon to complete the project.
Nearly 40 local residents were hired to assist with work on the span.
Most were hired as watchmen and daggers, but six were laborers and
two were hired as apprentice carpenters. All were employed through
the tribal employment office. "We decided early on in the project that
we would hire no one from Warm Springs if they didn't go through"
the tribal office, said Ellis Runk, construction superintendent for
Hamilton. That decision proved to be very successful, Runk added.
Most employees were productive and many of those hired were laid off
because of lack of work, not for poor work performance. Also, Runk
said, during the 18 months of construction, there was no vandalism and
only one thing, a pump, was reported stolen.
The renovation was to be completed in October, but it was noticed
during the latter part of the construction that the existing foot bridge
adjacent to the span was "failing". The foot bridge was redesigned by
the Department of Transportation, putting the project back about a
The 54-year-old bridge was built in 1934 and has almost doubled
from the previous width of 30 feet. The 56-foot-wide span includes two,
12-foot travel lanes; two, 10-foot shoulders and two, six-foot walkways,
making it safer for pedestrians as they cross the river. There are no turn
lanes into the Deschutes Crossing or the Rainbow Market due to lack
of adequate space.
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The original Deschutes River bridge was built in 1934.
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Construction on the bridge ran from June 1987 to November 1988.
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Jte newly completed bridge is nearly double in size and makes for safer travel.
Many things are right about American education programs
1. America's young people are starting school
at a younger age.. The number of three to five-year-olds
enrolled in preschool programs is increas
ing. In 1967, about 32 percent of those children
were enrolled in a preschool program. Ten years
later, in 1977, the percentage of three to five year
old youngsters attending preschool was almost 50
percent. Studies have shown that students who par
ticipate in the federally funded Head Start program
for low income children have benefited. These stu
dies have shown that Head Start students are less
likely to be held back a grade, and less likely to be
classified as "underachieves" than other low-income
children; they also scored higher on math achieve
2. Not only are kids starting school earlier, but
their attendance is better than ever before. In
I900 about 72 percent of all American youngsters
ages five to 1 7 were enrolled in school. Of these
enrolled, approximately 69 percent attended classes
regularly. In 1976, roughly 89 percent of five to 17
year-olds were enrolled. And over 92 percent of the
enrolled students were present in class daily.
3. One of the many benefits of the availability of
quality education has been the drastic reduction
in the number of A mericans who are illiterate.
The U.S. Bureau of Census defines illiteracy as the
inability to read and write a simple message in any
language. In 1900, about 1 1 percent of all Ameri
cans 15 and over were illiterate. In six states, over
one-third of the population could not read or write.
In 1970, only 1 .2 percent of Americans were unable
to read and write and even fewer are illiterate today.
Almost all Americans can read and write. That's an '
4. Not only are more Americans able to read and
write, but a recent study indicates that today's
students may be reading better than those of 30
years ago. A study jointly conducted by Indiana
University and the Indiana Department of Public
Instruction compared the reading achievements of
Indiana's sixth and tenth graders in 1944-45 and
those in 1976. The reading achievement of the stu
dents in 1976 was markedly higher than that of
Indiana students of the corresponding age level.
5. A merican education does make a difference.
A recent study conducted at the University of Wis
consin determined that 60 percent of the occupa
tional gains made by blacks in the past decade were
due to higher levels of education In the eleven years
from 1965 to 1976, there was a more than 250
percent increase in the enrollment of blacks in col
leges and universities. Education plays a large role
in determining the career success of individuals. In
fact, there is evidence that a person's highest grade
of school is the best single predictor of eventual
6. Public education in America is not geared
toward an elite minority. American public schools
are charged with providing an appropriate educa
tion for all children from many diverse groups: all
races, religions, ethnic backgrounds. Our schools
educate millions but don't neglect individuals with
special needs including: the gifted and talented, the
immigrants, the non-English speaking. And, through
the Education for All Handicapped Children Act
passed by the U.S. Congress in 1975, education is
required for the 3.8 million youngsters who need
special instruction: the speech impaired, learning
disabled, mentally retarded, emotionally disturbed,
visually or hearing impaired and many more.
7. A merican schools are meeting the challenge
of preparing children for a complicated, com
petetive, demanding world. Many communities
today are asking their schools to not only teach the
basics, but to provide recreational activities, inte
grate the school, provide space for community
meetings, and other community services. In addi
tion, schools have been asked to provide lifelong
educational opportunities for parents, grandpar
ents, preschool children and senior citizens alike.
Schools serve lunch and sometimes breakfast. And
our schools offer education, health screening,
hygiene and nutrition information, consumer and
safety information, counseling services, driver edu
cation, and much more. American schools have not
From Madras High School with permission from the
National School Public Pelations Association.
Students receive homework help
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Madras High School senior's calendar
Sixth grade student Aldo Garcia works on his studies after school
Teachers are available to help.
Warm Springs Elementary teach
ers are available to assist students
who need help with their home
work. High school. Jr. high and
elementary age students are invited
to Warm Springs Elementary
Monday through Thursday. Stu
dents should bring homework and
assignments to the Warm Springs
Elementary office before 4:30 p.m.
so a teacher is available to work
with that student.
Parents or students may call
553-1 128 to make an appointment
if they wish, although it is not
Don't forget to check daily announce
ments at school on scholarships,
college representative visits and military
ASVAB test for Juniors. Seniors
can take anytime with the recuiter.
Parent Conference Day.
Early release for Thanksgiving.
Financial Aid workshop.
Pick up Financial Aid form from
ROTC application postmark deadline
date Air Force, Army, Navy.
SAT test date.
Early release Christmas.
SAT registration deadline for Jan
uary. Financial Aid application process
begins. Submit the financial form
as soon as possible.
WOSC open house.
Last day of semstcr.
SAT test day.
SOSC open house.
Last day to register for March
OSU open house.
Last day to request Pass-Fail.
Last day to drop a class without
UO open house.
PSU open house.
COCC Senior visitation.
If you have not mailed the FAF
do so for later priority. Remember
to apply for housing.
EOSC open house.
If you have not applied for FAF
you may still get some.
SAT test date.
Registration deadline for May
Meet with counselors to update
OIT open house.
Registration deadline for June
SAT. Apply for admission in time
to take advantage of the summer
orientation and regisration pro
grams at some colleges.
SAT test date.
Students who will attend a college
or university should have trans
cripts sent to the admissions office
Have you made housing
Seniors last day.
Notify schools from w hich you've
received admission and financial aid
offers if you do not plan to attend.
S AT teM date.