Spilyay tymoo. (Warm Springs, Or.) 1976-current, November 18, 1988, Image 1

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Received 0111
Cpilyay tymoo.
7 5
v. 13
no. 23
Nov 1B
1988 , .
P.O. Box 870
W arm Spring, OR 97761
Address Correction Reqir-' 0"v025 -cr-rloN
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,S. Postage
He Prrmil No. 2
Kings OH 97761
pilyay lymoo
from the Warm Sprii
Indian Reservation
Pi TV T n m m t
iw news
VOL. 13 NO. 23
Coyote News
In Brief
Conferences are
Parent-teacher confer
ences provide informa
tion to both parents and
teachers about their
Page 2
Raimondi helps in estab
lishing smalt businesses
Economic Development
specialist Robert Rai
mondi assists individuals
desiring to get into their
own business.
Page 2
Fisheries management
The last 20 years has
brought Indian tribes to
the position of co
managing Pacific
Northwest fisheries.
Page 3
New bridge makes pas-
sage easier
The Deschutes River
Bridge is now wider and
more modern. The $1.4
million span was com
pleted in early
Page 5
Stwyer recognized
Warm Springs tribal
elder Herb Stwyer was
selected Elder of the
Year by the National
Indian Education
Page 8
The MOIHS accessions
committee will purchase
and appraise artifacts
Friday, November 18,
only. Contact MOIHS for
further Information.
Christmas Bazaar
December 10
8 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Call Carol Allison at
553-1361 for further
Bazaar is open to all who
are interested.
Deadline for the next
issue of Spilyay Tymoo
is Wednesday, November
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Students repair riparian area
When a fire burned through
Warm Springs last summer, it
destroyed some important vegeta
tion bordering Shitike Creek. That
vegetation keeps erosion in control,
helps to maintain moisture in the
hot summer months and provides
cover and food for many species of
birds and animals and fish..
Warm Springs Elementary fourth
and fifth grade students, working
with Warm Springs fisheries bio
logist Bob Heinith and fisheries
technician Louie Pitt, Jr. replanted
some of the destroyed grassy areas.
Using a seed spreader and hay to
mulch the ground, the students
braved the rainy weather to enhance
the streamside riparian zone.
Dunne the project, students
learned about riparian areas and
floodplains. They came to better
understand plant succession, fisheries
and wildlife benefits for these
sensitive areas. Fire as a natural or
man-made disturbance was also
discussed. . .
"It s important to get youtn in
touch with their land," says Hei-,
nith. Outdoor projects take the
students to areas they would not
otherwise visit. Very few youth
programs work with students in
outdoor settings. Besides Heinith's
projects, Keith Baker's Search and
Rescue Cadet training program and
occasional 4-H camps and outings
are the experiences students have
with their land.
Teachers at both Warm Springs
Elementary and Madras Jr. High
work closely with Heinith in devel
oping projects that combine class
room instruction with the outdoor
The students replanted two acres
of ground during the Shitike Creek
enhancement project with crested
wheatgrass and annual rye grass.
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Jessie Kalama spreads seed along the Shitike Creek streamside to
replace some of the ground cover that was destroyed during a recent
burn in the area.
NOVEMBER 18, 1988
1989 budget subject of
general council meetings
Tribal members, on November
I4 and 1 5, were given the oppor
tunity to express their opinions
and concerns about the proposed
annual operating budget. Unlike
past years, the budget was divided
into four separate components. Two
additional general council meetings
will be held Monday and Tuesday,
November 2 1 and 22 to discuss the
final two sections of the budget.
The meetings will begin at 7 p.m.
and will be preceded by dinner at 6
The proposed budget, at ap
proximately $ 1 7.9 million, up from
$15.8 million in 1988, is 10.7 per
cent above the 1988 budget. The
$2. 1 million difference is attributed
to 21 new full time positions, pro
grams and equipment and numer
ous projects including building
renovations and improvements,
federal funding reductions, em
ployee group medical increases,
vehicle replacements, professional
fees for federal, forestry and finan
cial planning, employee training
funds, special projects including
contracting, roads, an engineer and
a telephone study, employment
programs and tribal court.
The proposal does not include
per capita payments, which is pro
jected to total approximately $3.8
million in 1989 for about 3,100 tri
bal members.
Discussed during the November
1 4 meeting were the proposed bud
gets for Tribal Council and com
mittees and the secretary treasur
er's office. Also discussed were
administration, the finance depart
ment and general overhead ex
penses. The supervision of these
three areas is included in the secre
tarytreasurer's responsibilities.
Tuesday's meeting included discus
sion on community services, health
services and education services.
The 1989 proposal does not in
clude additional monies for salary
increases. Any pay raises "would
come out of other increasse." said
secretary treasurer Larry Calica.
"Programs would have to take
cuts." he said. However, positions
would not be cut to allow for those
increases. Calica will make his
recommendations to Tribal Coun
cil concerning any salary adjust
ments that will benefit the tribal
organization. Employees have not
had salary increases since 1984.
when a small cost of living increase
was given.
Calica also stated that the pres
ent organization structure is in
need of revamping. "The present
structure doesn't work the way it
should," he said. He will recom
mend to Tribal Council that the
structure be "realligned" from his
position on down.
A pie chart illustrating the total
operating costs, right at $25.5 mil
lion, including the Tribe's contri
bution and other income, showed
that 74 percent of the cost of tribal
operations are paid by the Tribe.
Approximately $1.7 million, or
seven percent, is contributed
through 10-percent forestry monies.
Department charges and income,
totaling $964,000, equal four per
cent of the budget. Federal pro
jects, at $2.2 million, comprise nine
percent of the budget and $ 1 .5 mil
lion in federal contracts and grants
comprise another six percent of the
In 1987, 62 percent of the total
payroll was paid to tribal members,
those married into the tribe or to
Indians of other tribes. Nearly 69
percent of the total tribal employees
are tribal members. This figure
includes summer workers, student
Continued on page 8
Austin sentenced for theft Trjba government exerts influence
The removal of approximately
2,800 relics from the Luna Lava
Archaeological Site in the Des
chutes National Forest near Bend
netted Bradley Owen Austin a
four-month prison sentence.
The large-scale theft operation
also resulted in Austin's fine of $50
for court costs and 400 hours of
community service upon release
from prison. The man will serve a
five year probation as well.
The sentence was imposed
November 14, in Eugene, Oregon
by U.S. District Court judge James
Burns. Despite a request for leniency
by the defendant. Burns felt the
sentence was necessary to discour
age artifact hunters from disturb
ing archaeological sites.
Removal of Indian artifacts from
federal land has been illegal since
1906. More stringent enforcement
has resulted since Congress passed
the Archaeological Resource Pro
tection Act in 1979.
'Austin's sentencing comes as a
result of a felony conviction for
violation"of the Act, says Deschutes
National Forest supervisor Norm
The original Federal Grar.d Jury
indictment included 30 courts of
theft of Government property and
violations of the ARPA. Although
Austin's tribal in September 19t,8
covered only stipulated facts ano
did not impanel a jury, his sentenc
ing by Burns considered the evi
dence in all 30 counts.
The case has not been without
controversy. The ARPA bans col
lection of artifacts from Federal
land, whether they are on the sur
face or buried; however, it does not
allow for criminal penalties for
arrowheads taken from the sur
face, limiting the penalties for such
finds to forfeiture. Assistant U.S.
Attorney. Jeff Kent, who has pro
secuted the case adds. "ARPA is
aimed more at those w ho systemat
ically excavate and destroy ar
chaeological sites for profit."
The Austin case and others
around the Nation have prompted
scientists, members of the Ameri
can Indian community, and other
concerned citizens to speak out
about the loss of this important
part of America's heritage. Judge
Burns had received letters from the
Klamath Tribe and the Confeder
ated Tribes of the Warm Springs
Reservation, as well as from ar
chaeologists and professional ar
chaeological associations, con
demning Austin's actions. Austin's
claims during sentencing, that he
was concerned with the preserva
tion of Indian culture, were effec
tively negated by strong criticism
of his actions by a Warm Springs
tribal representative Benson Heath
who was present at the sentencing.
The letter from Warm Springs
Tribal Council emphasized the
Tribe's strong feelings about dis
turbing archaeological sites. The
letter reads:
"The Confederated Tribes of
Warm Springs has closely followed
the Bradley Owen Austin case. We
are very much concerned with its
outcome. The pillaging of the
campsites of our ancestors and the
theft of the tools left by them is a
direct affront to our culture. The
action of Mr. Austin is abhorred
by all Native Americans.
"These sites and artifacts are the
physical evidence of the subsist
ence activities of our peopole hunt
ing and gathering since time im
memorial. They also have a deeper
meaning to our people of today.
The foods and materials collected
by our ancestors were provided by
the Creator for their existence.
They are sacred. The associated
sites and materials used to process
these foods also have great spirit
Continued on pace 2
"The role of the Tribal govern
ment has been the largest single
influence over people's lives," stated
Sal Sahnie, tribal assistant Fiscal
Services branch manager, at the
Seekseequa District meeting held
November 10 at the Agency Long
house. Addressing one of the"most
difficult issues for Tribal Council,"
Sahme related, that of tribal depen
dency, the overall goal will be to
return responsibility to the people.
Dependency was created by tri
bal programs and affected individ
uals, families, community groups
and employees. What people used
to do for themselves is being done
by tribal programs. Returning self
reliance will be a priority in the
1989 proposed budget.
Sahme and Charles Calica, assist
ant Community Services branch
manager, presented a capsule over
view of the proposed budget. Major
concerns addressed included drug
and alcohol abuse, tribal employee
compensation, employee perform
ance, protecting the future, eco
nomic development, additional
tribal positions and the role of the
Tribal government and self-reliance.
Sahme related that the Tribal
Council and tribal management
proposed the 1989 budget, keeping
in mind that the tribal members do
not want a skyrocketing budget.
A final budget will be posted
November 30.
Several questions and concerns
were expressed by Seekseequa mem
bers. Following are a few of the
questions and their answers.
Q. Could the Salary Administra
tion Survey mean a possible increase
in the budget because present tribal
salaries in some cases were 12 per
cent below the market?
A. It could mean an increase of a
low possibly figure of $400,000 to a
high of $1.5 million.
Q. What could be the extent of the
drug testing in the tribal structure?
A. At this stage it is still in the
proposal stage but it will be done
on a random selection.
Q. In the new budget will the addi
tional positions be filled by Tribal
A. Positions will be filled with
preference given to members.
Q. Are the people who are over
paid according to the Salary Admin
istration Survey receive a decrease
in their wages?
A. No, they will remain at their
present salaries until such time as
their salaries are in line with the
Q. Which market or area was used
to make a comparison of wages in
the survey.
A. The Central Oregon area was
the primary area used.
Q. How can we find out about how
the strike at the mill effected tribal
members, were any upgraded in
their positions? We hear so many
different stories about how it was
A. Those questions need to be
addressed to the management of
the mill. There are a lot od stories
but you do need to ask the people
who know.
Alcohol education begins
The first of a series of four train
ings began at Kah-Nee-Ta Resort
on community education "Alcohol
Learning to Change," November
17, 1988. The first of the trainings
deals with the aspects of abuse
within the community and identi
fies steps to make the changes
within one's community.
Serenity Lane training staff was
selected to coordinate and instruct
the sessions. A federal grant of
$18,000 was received by the Indian
Health Service in Warm Springs
under the Drug and Alcohol Om
nibus Act to provide four modules
of training for the communities of
Warm Springs. Klamath reserva
tion and the Burns Paiute reserva
tion. All three areas come under
the 1HS office in Warm Springs.
Guidelines for setting up the
program were that trainings must
be given in four sessions , the needs
of the communities be meet and the
trainings were to be presented by
professional trainers, according to
the IHS unit director Lee Loomis.
Serenity Lane was contracted
and their staff meet the federal
requirements as trainers. Each of
the communities then identified
the needs of their people. The first
community module selected w s the
November 17-19 Warm Springs
sessions, with the second to held at
Klamath with a tentative date of
December 7-9. The third session is
tentatively set for March in Warm
Springs and the final session in
Klamath later in the spring.
Loomis stated that many people
in Warm Springs have received
training pertaining to the disease of
alcoholism, its causes and effects,
so the group selected topics of
understanding chemical dependency
in the community, effects of depen
dency on Native American fami
lies, co-dependency: the biggest
barrier to change, community inter
vention, recovery a message in hope
and action plans for change The
March training w ill deal w ith ot...
Continued on page 2