Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980, April 20, 1949, Page 1, Image 1

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    JY WC A Approves
'Autonomy in
Home Chapter
Capital
Chinese Civil
War Explodes
Price 5c' Along Yangtze
1 TT
British Warships
Shelled by Red
Chinese Forces
Sloop Amethyst and
Destroyer Consort in v
Yangtze Crippled
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Xaiuqn uogaao afl
nai
61st Year, No. 94
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fttUr U torn Ortf cm
Salem, Oregon, Wednesday, April 20, 1949
(22 Pages)
JflL JOUi
Disputed Mandate
v Rejected at Meeting
Of Members Tuesday
By MARIAN LOWRY FISCHER
Local autonomy, allowing the
association here to carry on the
program best fitted to its com
munity needs, and repudiation of
a so-called "mandate" from na
tional officials to take on a broad
social public affairs program, in
volving political and controver
sial issues, were Included in a
resolution approved by the Sa
lem YWCA in its April member
ship meeting, Tuesday after
noon. The meeting was tense at
times, but moved along smooth
ly, under the direction of the
presiding officer, Mrs. A. A.
Schramm, local YW president.
The resolution, introduced by
a group opposing the presenta
. tion of the national YW conven
ts tion actions in the March bulle
tin of the local association, is as
follows:
"Resolved: That we, duly qual
ified elector members of the Sa
lem, Oregon YWCA, in regular
meeting assembled, affirm that
we are joined together as a
Christian service group; in order
that we may render a maximum
of service to our own commu
nity and to the women and
girls of America, we believe that
as an organization we should
generally refrain from participa
tion in political or religious is
sues, controversial or other
wise. "Be It further resolved: That
the Salem, Oregon, YWCA notify
the National YWCA Board that
as a group we now accept the so-
called public affairs program as
adopted by the national conven
tion in San Francisco for study
only and as only a partial study
program; we take this position
in the sincere belief that by so
doing we can best operate our
organization according to the
teachings of Jesus Christ, the
purpose of the YWCA and thus
be of greatest service to women
and girls.
(Concluded on Pace 5, Column 6)
Survey County
Santiam Roads
The Marlon county court gave
preliminary consideration Wed
nesday to ordering a survey of
all the lands the county owns
along the North Santiam high
way and river in the Detroit
dam area with possibility of
cutting it into tracts and throw
ing all onto the market with
exception of any it may decide
to reserve for public park pur
poses. Some land already has
been reserved in that manner
The county property owner
will give the court a general
idea of its holdings before for
mal decision is made as to the
necessity of such a survey.
County Commissioners Roy
Rice and Ed Rogers Wednesday
inspected one of these county
tracts about a mile above Gates
which lies between the river
and the highway and for which,
it is understood, a buyer has
tossed a nibble to the court.
This piece contains 65 acres.
is well timbered, a county road
cuts through it and it has about
half a mile frontage on both
the river and the highway and
in places is 250 feet wide or
more between the river and the
road. The railroad also runs
through It. The commissioners
said it is ideally situated for
park purposes and they are not
sure it will be sold for the pres
ent at least, even with an at-
tr.otlve offer.
r The court has directed that
in connection with any sales of
lands along the river fishing
rights of the public will be pre
served with right of pedestrians
maintained to go along the bank
for angling purposes.
Father of Daylight
Saving Time Dies
Elizabethtown, Pa., April 20
W Robert Garland, who gain
ed widespread recognition as
the "father of daylight saving
time," died at tha Masonic home
here yesterday as the result of
a cerebral hemorrhage. He was
86.
Garland came to the United
States at the age of IS from his
native Dungannon, Ireland, and
in the next 60 years became
prominent In the industrial and
civic life of Pittsburgh.
During World War I he
war resources committee chair
man for western Pennsylvania
and West Virginia and gained
national prominence for his
fight to give the nation an extra
hour of daylight. The plan was
adopted, despite widespread op
position by farm groups, and
then was repealed In 1910.
Garland later lived to see his
idea adopted throughout the
ansuntry.
Pick Princesses
Of Cherryland
Court Thursday
By MARGARET MAGEE
Five girls, all of whom are
seniors In a high school In Mar
ion or Polk county, will be
chosen Thursday night at the
Princess Selection Night pro
gram as members of the 1949
Cherryland Festival court.
The princesses are to be
selected from a group of 16
girls, whose names have been
submitted for the honor by
their student bodies. The pro
gram is to be held at the Salem
high school beginning at 8
with tickets for the event on
sale that night at the high
school.
At the beginning of the pro
gram, last year's queen, Lois
Eggers; Mrs. Arthur Weddle,
who for the past two years has
been the official chaperon for
the royal court and also head
ed the committee selecting the
queen; Daryl Myers, King Bing
of the Chemans; and Sidney
Stevens, president of the Cher
ryland Festival association,
will be introduced. Master of
ceremonies for the program will
be Charles Claggett, Cherrian
King Bing in 1948.
Sixteen Girls Compete
The 16 girls competing for the
honor of being chosen as
princess will be escorted to the
stage by a representative of
their student body and then will
be greeted by a Cherrian escort
(Concluded on Page 5, Column 7)
Magnuson CVA
Bill in Senate
Washington, April 20 VP)
Sen. Warren Magnuson intro
duced the administration's bill
to establish a Columbia Valley
Administration yesterday.
A similar bill had been intro
duced by Senator Cain last Mon
day. It was filed in the house
last week.
Cain also introduced a bill last
week asking for a $1,000,000,006
appropriation to let army engi
neers and the reclamation bur
eau start a co-ordinated Colum
bia river development program.
Yesterday he put in a bill auth
ored by Representative Horan to
set up a Columbia interstate
commission which would be sim
ilar to the CVA proposed by the
administration.
Vice President Barkley has
assigned all the bills to the sen
ate public works committee of
which Cain is a member.
Magnuson told the senate he
expected the committee to hold
extensive hearings both in Wash
ington and the northwest. He
said 17 senators had joined him
in sponsoring the bill.
Buy Saving Bonds
Urges President
Washington, April 20 UP)
President Truman last night
urged Americans to put their
money into "the safest Invest
ment in the world today" U. S.
government bonds.
He told a dinner that the bond
drive starting May 16 will help
keep the United States a land
of opportunity. Therefore, he
said, it has been appropriately
named the "opportunity bond
drive."
The quota for the drive Is
$1,040,000,000. Secretary of the
Treasury Snyder said seeing
that goal attained "is a Job for
everybody." Snyder was host at
the bond drive dinner.
Radio Aids Plane Landing
At McNary Airfield
Planes coming Into McNary field this week began landing
with the aid of radio. Previously the control tower at the field
had only the green light in signaling the planes for their landings
and take-offs.
Monday Installation of the radio equipment was completed and
ine lower, in operation since'
February 28, began transmitting
on 118.3 megocycles, VHF, and
receiving on 122.5 megocycles.
VHF, and on 3105, 3317.5 and
4495 kilocycles.
The VHF (very high frequen
cy) receivers and transmitters
are the type used by air carriers
and by many of the small and
newer types of planes. On the
kilocycle receivers the 3105 fre
quency is that used by smaller
civilian planes, the 3117.5 Is
the airline and air carrier fre
quency while the 4495 frequen
cy is that used by military
planes.
Still without the 278 kilocy
cle transmitting set. the tower
Is negotiating with the navy for
use of on of their 278 kilocy
cle transmitting sets. This is
Russia Ready
With Plan to
Lift Blockade
Berlin, April 20 UP) One
high German source said today
the Russians have a program
ready to present to the western
allies under which the block
ade of Berlin might be lifted.
This source, who can not be
quoted by name, said the plan
provides for barring Germany
from the Atlantic pact, retire
ment of western troops behind
the Rhine, and creation of a
central German government by
the Big Four powers. In return
the Russians would lift the
blockade and would bring their
troops back behind the Oder
river.
Neither Deny nor Confirm
Allied authorities neither con
firmed nor denied this report.
Such a proposal would mean
scrapping the west German gov
ernment now being created at
Bonn, and the slowing down of
the tremendous airlift which has
fed Berlin since the Russians
blockaded the city last June.
The new report came as the
Russians actually tightened their
blockade. Communist police in
the Soviet sector closed off more
streets on sector borders and
made the squeeze a little more
effective.
The Russian aim in a case like
this probably would be to create
a vacuum in Germany between
the Rhine and the Oder and thus
protect the Soviet Union, and to
save face at the same time by
retiring from the intenable posi
tion of the blockade.
May Be Hazardous
Allied officials might find re
tirement behind the Rhine ha
zardous. The Russians have built
up a communist police force in
eastern Germany and many
western officials think it is in
tended for use in Just such a
situation. It would impose com
munist rule as if Russian troops
were still on hand.
The United States, Britain
and France already have taken
the position that the blockade
must be lifted before any talks
on Germay are held.
.- f-x .,"
Upholds Ousting of
45 Years Pastor
New York, April 20 UP) A
state supreme court justice to
day sustained the right of an
Episcopal Bishop to oust the
Rev. Dr. John Howard Melish
from the pulpit he has occupied
(or 45 years.
Justice Meier Steinbrink act
ed in the case of the 74-year-old
rector of Holy Trinity Episcopal
church in Brooklyn who chal
lenged the right of his bishop
to remove him.
Dr. Melish had said from the
witness stand yesterday that he
heartily approved the activities
of his son and assistant rector.
the Rev. William Howard Me
lish.
The son, who denied in court
yesterday that he was a com
munist, resigned recently as the
chairman of the National Coun
cil of American-Soviet Friend
ship.
Pope Speaks In 5 Languages
Vatican City, April 20 UP)
Pope Pius XII spoke in five Ian
guages today to 3,000 people
who jammed the benediction
hall to be received in general
audience. The pontiff spoke
successively in Italian, French,
English, German and Spanish,
to groups of pilgrims and others
from Enland, France, Belgium,
Switzerland and Luxembourg.
the frequency used by those
planes transmitting on kilocycle
sets. AU planes use this except
the fighter planes of the air force
and navy.
In announcing the installation
of the radio equipment at t h e
Salem field Stanley W. Dilat
ush. chief controller at the CAA
tower, reminded plane operat
ors that with the return to Mc
Nary field of the CAA tower
planes stopping at the field were
no longer required to pay a
landing fee. He especially em
phasized the fact that the run
way lights were now operated
from the tower and no fee was
necessary for their use.
Still required to pay fees to
the city, however, are the air
carriers and those operators us
ing facilities at the airport.
X 1 1 I . EZ-M 1
o
President Signs the ECA Bill President Truman signs the
$5,580,000,000 European Recovery Authorization bill. Wit
nesses of the White House ceremony are (left to right) : How
ard Bruce, ECA deputy administrator; Rep. John Kee, (D.,
W. Va ), chairman, house foreign affairs committee; William
Foster, deputy ECA representative; W. Averell Harriman,
roving ECA ambassador; ECA Administrator Paul Hoffman;
Sen. Tom Connally (D., Tex.), chairman, senate foreign rela
tions committee, and Secretary of State Dean Acheson. (AP
Wirephoto)
Acheson to Fix Cost
Of Arms Aid to Europe
Washington, April 20 W Secretary of State Acheson said to
day he expects to talk costs when he discusses European arms
aid with the senate foreign relations committee tomorrow.
Acheson is to meet with the senators in a closed door session
and go over the proposed plan to send military supplies to the
United States' North Atlantic?'
allies.
There have been unofficial
estimates that the first year of
this project might cost $1,250,
000.000. Acheson told a news confer
ence that he hopes to take be
fore the foreign relations com
mittee a proposed draftNof arms
aid legislation together with the
total amount of money to be
asked.
He said in response to a ques
tion that when the arms aid
bill will be made public would
have to be decided by agree
ment with congress.
It has always been the state
department's under standing.
Acheson added, that the pro
gram details would be made
public shortly.
Considerable sentiment has
been built up in the senate for
stripping all secrecy from the
program.
Both friends and critics of the
North Atlantic security alliance
called for the state department
and the senate foreign relations
committee to lay the re-arma
ment plans wide open to the
public. They gave their views
to reporters.
Senator Morse (R., Ore.) urg
ed that the state department
and foreign relations committee
disclose "all the facts" before
the senate opens debate on the
North Atlantic treaty.
"I think," Morse said, "the
entire congress and people
should have all the facts con
cerning the pact including the
facts as to the military costs.
I say that as a supporter of the
pact."
Atomic Energy Can't
Take Place of Dams
Richland, Wash.. April 20 OJ.R)
David E. Lilienthal, chairman
of the atomic energy commission
last night warned that the Unit
ed States must continue to build
dams and other generating fa
cilities rather than rely on the
possibility that atomic energy
will supply power needs.
Lilienthal visited the Han
ford atomic works here for the
first time since August, 1947.
Today he was scheduled to de
liver an address at Washington
State college in Pullman. To
morrow he it to meet with Co
lumbia basin representatives to
discuss disposal of irrigable
lands along the Wahluke slope
THE WEATHER
Released or U. 8. Weather
Bureau!
Forecast for Salem and Vicin
ity: Partly cloudy with widely
cttred showers tonight and
Thursday. Little chine in tem
perature. Lowest temperature ex
pected tonight. 43 degrees; hlah
est Thursday. 3. Conditions will
be mostly favorable tor farm
work except for fresh winds.
Maximum yesterday 5s. Mini
mum today 49. Mean tempera
ture yesterday . which was
normal. Total 34-hour precipita
tion to 11:30 a m. todav .13 of an
Inch. Total precipitation for tie
month 19. which is I II inrhea
below normal. Willamette river
height at Ralem Wednesday mor
ning 41 feet.
Navy Moving
Into Hangar
Uncle Sam's naval airmen
started their move into the han
gar on the east side of McNary
field Wednesday afternoon.
Bringing the first load of
equipment to be installed here
was one of the navy's cargo
planes from Sand Point, Naval
Air Station, Seattle, Wash., the
location of the home unit of the
Salem naval air facility.
First news of the move came
Wednesday morning when AMC
George Smith in charge of the
station keepers sent to Salem
the first of last week, received
word that he was to have his
men at the field to unload the
plane.
Last Saturday City Manager
J. L. Franzen in a letter to the
commander of the naval Air
Reserve Training Unit at the air
station at Sand Point granted
the navy permission to take pos
session of the hangar before
formal signing of the lease for
the facilities to be leased to the
navy. Final signing of the lease
awaits the approval of the bu
reau of docki in Washington.
Sister Kenny
Quits Foundation
Minneapolis, April 20 WV-j
Sister Elizabeth Kenny, origina
tor of a treatment for infantile
paralysis, today announced she
had relinquished administration
of the foundation bearing her
name.
The foundation operates seven
centers in the United States for
treatment of the disease.
Sister Kenny has been replac
ed by Dr. E. J. Huenekens, a
Minneapolis pediatrician who
has practiced medicine for 40
years. He is also a clinical pro
fessor of pediatrics at the Uni
versity of Minnesota medical
school.
Chief significance of the
change, Dr. Huenekens said, is
that the foundation "now has
medical auspices and a change
of atmosphere." Sister Kenny
is an Australian nurse.
She will make her home here
where her treatment got its first
real recognition by medical men
She will serve as a consultant,
but only at the request of Dr
Huenekens, she said.
Sister Kenny said she plan
ned to make a record of her
knowledge of infantile paralysis
through manuscript and docu
mentary films.
"I don't feel that I can re
strict myself to one particular
area," she said, "but should
make available my knowledge
to all teaching areas."
Claim Balkan
Trials Framed
Lake Success, April 20 M
Britain declared before the Unit
ed Nations today that the Balkan
church trials were "pre-judged"
by Hungary and Bulgaria, and
that the defendants were in
duced to enter the courts with
"ready-made confessions."
Sir Alexander Cadogan told
UN political committee that
the trials proved that "com
munism is inflexibly opposed to
organized religion and to all
sources and rallying points of in
dependent thought."
Cadogan said it was difficult
to resist the conclusion that the
real purpose behind the trial of
Joseph Cardinal Mindszenty
was to eliminate the opposi
tion of the Roman Catholic
church to the government's
plans for the communiation of
Hungary."
The British delegate said the
Hungarian government had de
nied Justice to Mindszenty by
publishing the "yellow book
in advance of the prelate's trial.
"Nothing could make it clear
er than the yellow book itself
that the Hungarian government
had pre-judged the result of the
trial and would have consider
ed it a disaster if the trial had
resulted in an acquittal," Cado
gan said.
Demand for Vets
Loans Increases
Demand for veterans farm
and home loans reached a new
monthly peak during March
when 341 veterans filed loan
applications with the state de
partment of veterans affairs.
The only other month when
there were more than 300 re
quests for loans was in August
1948, when the total was 302.
The March total was 36 per
cent-greater than in February,
and 4Z percent more than in De
cember. ur tne 4BH4 applications re
ceived since the program began
in 1945, 3.181 have been ap
proved for loans totaling $12.
383.000. Loans cannot exceed
$8,000, and are limited to 75
percent of the appraised value of
the property to be bought.
The program allows World
War II veterans who enlisted In
Oregon to borrow money at 4
percent Interest to buy farms
and homes.
Robeson Calls for Fight
For Russian Friendship
Paris, April 20 UP) Paul Robeson, American Negro singer, told
a communist sponsored world peace conference here today
President Truman's program for African development meant "new
slavery" for millions of Negroes.
Robeson brought the 1.800 delegates from 52 nations to their
feet with a call for "a fight for
friendship" with Russia. The
singer asserted that American
Negroes would never go to war
against Russia.
Robeson declared the "east
ern democracies" are showing
us the way, showing us how peo
ple can direct their destinies to
the benefit ot all mankind."
In Prague a number 2 parley,
handling the overflow from the
Paris gathering ran through a
set of orations today and ad
journed until Friday.
Earlier today the French atom
ic scientist Frederic Joliot-Curie
told the Paris gathering:
Jiliot-Curie said an atomic
war would be "terrible even for
its initiators" but that the atom
bomb or other atomic weapons
would not be the decisive fac
tor In tht fighting. Ha is tha
Reds Attack at Sev
eral Points Gunfire
Heard in Nanking
Nanking, April H W The
dreaded Chinese civil war ex
ploded all along the Yangtze rlv
er front tonight. Communist at
tacks were started at several
points. Gunfire could be heard
and for the first time of the war
seen from the capital.
Pukow, across the river was
under attack. Kaingpu, on the
north bank seven miles south
west of Nanking, was hit. Seri
ous fighting was reported by
government sources opposite
Wuhu, 80 miles southwest of
here. Hsiaokan, 35 miles north
of Hankow, was the focal point
of the Red 43rd army.
Nanking Threatened
A top ranking Nationalist gen
eral expressed fear the Reds may
try a quick landing in this vi
cinity, trapping National offici
als in the capital.
The general feeling at the mo
ment is that Wuhu is the govern
ment's weak point. The river
from there provides a good
landing area.
Nationalist gunboats stood out
in the Yangtze off Nanking fir
ing upon Communist troops at
tacking Kiangpu and other north
bank points.
Severe fighting was reported
by official sources to have start
ed east of Anking. some 150
miles southwest of Nanking. An
other sharp engagement started
east of Chingkiang, a few miles
northwest of the capital.
Intense Troop Activity
Communist attacks on two
British warships in the Yang
tze preceded the general offen
sive. Observers on the Nanking riv
er front said they saw a num
ber of fires about two miles west
of Pukow.
Communists hells burst on the
north bank of the Yangtze.
Wharves along the river front
there were heavily shaken by
the firing.
There was intense troop ac
tivity throughout Nanking. Sol
diers were marching up to the
river front.
Along the river trobps were
digging trenches - and other
earthworks.
The military news agency re
ported that simultaneously the
communists launched their heav
iest attack so far against Tai
yuan, besieged capital of Shansi
province 600 miles to the north
west. High Casualties
The agency said high casual
ties were reported inside the
walled city from Communist
shelling. Neutral observers be
lieve that citadel, sometimes
called the "Pittsurgh of China,"
may not stand much longer.
A high ranking ministry of
national defense source said the
Red attacks seemed to be direct
ed at all Nationalist positions on
the north bank of the river.
There are only a few National
ist pockets left on the north
bank.
Earlier Premier Ho Ying-
Chin told the Chinese parlia
ment the government had reject
ed Red peace proposals in theii
present form.
Budget for Sheriff
Cut by Elliott
Portland. April 20 (A't Slier
iff M. L. Elliott has submitted a
fiscal budget proposal lower than
the amount approved last year
for the Multnomah county office
In explaining how ho lopped
$11,753 from the $908,201 al
lowed last year, Elliott said he
"cut to the bone," but he asked
for salary increases for top as
sistants. He observed compara
ble Jobs elsewhere In the county
building paid more than his men
received.
head of France's atomic energy
commission.
Unlike a world peace con
gress held in New York last
month, this one opened with
no anti-communist pickets out
side the meeting place and no
evidence of any special police!
precautions. The anti-commu
nist press gave the meeting
scant attention. Sessions are
being held in the Salle rieyel,
a big concert halt.
The institute hall was decorat
ed with the flags of all nations
and banners In English, French
Spanish and Italian reading:
"Defend the peace ts the task
of all peoples" and "unity for
peace is our most sacred duty."
Standards, like those at Amer
ican political conventions, lo
cated the seats of the various
delegations.
Shanghai, April 20 UP) Red
artillery on the Yangtze today
riddled two small British war
ships and brought a hint from
a naval source in Shanghai that
Britain would "use force" If
necessary to defend British lives.
The fire crippled the sloop
Amethyst and drove off the de
stroyer Consort before it could
go to the aid of the stricken
ship. Two other British war
ships, including the cruiser
London, were steaming into tha
trouble area.
Chinese gunboats were fight
ing Red shore batteries in this
area. Apparently communist
gunners fired on the sloop and
the destroyer believing them to
be nationalist warships.
Fifty Mile Battle
The Consort, fighting shore
batteries for almost 50 miles,
reached Kiangyin tonight with
17 of her crew wounded. She
was joined by the frigate Black
Swan which had doctors and
medical supplies aboard.
The British cruiser London
was expected to reach Kiangyin
at 9 p. m. Vice Adm. A. C. G.
Madden, second in command of
the British far east station, is
aboard the London. British
authorities here said they were
unable to contact responsible
communist quarters and Admir
al Madden would determine his
course later.
Fliers out of Nanking wit
nessed the running duel be-
tween the Consort and Red
shore batteries.
Airmen Watch Battle
Foreign airmen saw the run
ning fight. The consort was 15
miles below Rose island, where
the silent Amethyst lay aground,
Rose island Is 60 miles north
east of Nanking and 160 miles
upstream from Shanghai.
(Concluded an Page 5, Column I)
No American
Ship on Yangtze
Washington, April 20 VP)
Secretary of State Acheson said
today he knows of no American
naval ships In the Yangtze rivei
area where Chinese Communist!
have fired on British ships.
The question was brought up
at a news conference at which
Acheson defended his opposition
to a proposal Senator McCarran
(D., Nev.) has made for $!,
500.000.000 of new American aid
to the Chinese Nationalist gov
ernment. Acheson said American assist
ance already has totaled mors
than $2,000,000,000 since V-J
day, and that of this, at least
one half was for military aid.
Asked whether the United
States would be prepared to re
cognize a communist regime II
the Communists take over tht
entire country, he said he could
not speculate.
Acheson said he had no infor
mation on the fighting in China
beyond that reported in newi
dispatches. Official reports, hi
said, simply paralleled those dis
patches. On other subjects, Achesoa
said:
1. The projected withdrawal
of American troops from South
Korea does not mean the end of
American aid to the republican
regime there.
Acheson said he understands I
new economic aid program is be.
ing drawn up. He also said tha
United States will have to sup
ply arms to the Korean constab
ulary which will preserve ordei
when the U. S. troops go.
2. The United States is set
against increasing the size of thl
Greek army at this time.
Britain Reports
Few Casualties
London, April 20 Th
British destroyer Consort wai
hit In the gun duel with short
hatleries on the Yangtze in
China today and suffered "soma
few casualties, it was officially
announced.
Lord Fraser, first sea lord,
told a news conference "we
have not had much more news
except that the Consort ha(
been in action. She silenced
the opposition for a bit. She
then went up river to turn
around and was hit suffering
.-, , r..niiir. "
The Consort was fired upon
she sped to the aid of tha
British sloop Amethyst, whleh
had been shelled and grounded
earlier by shore guns about 60
miles northeast of Nanking.
Neither Lord Fraser nor an
earlier statement by tha admir
alty identified the batteries.
Fraser said the Consort ex.
nectrd to be alongside tha
cruiser London by nightfall. Tht
10,000-ton London was moving
upstream from Shanghai.
r