Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980, April 16, 1949, Page 1, Image 1

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Benefits Bill
Finally Passed
Law Still Applies Only
to Employers of 4 or
More Persons
Record Budget
Balanced in
Longest Session
More Important Legis
lation Enacted Than
in Many Years
(Ti 1JL4 J - fj Legislators Hurl YWCA Political
UaPi lal M iJO" MrMal Hats in Ring tor Policies to Be
1951 Session DebatedTuesday
61st Year, No. 91
1ST Salem, Oregon, Sa t- i49
Price 5c
Many Candidates An
nounced for Senate
President and Speaker
Program Adopted at
San Francisco Describ
ed as Must Mandate
Vrffi' tl -Uy-lri legists'
tort, Ha Hit clay today,
en the unemployment
MtnBenMtim bill..
The houM, with only two dia
eentlnf vote, agreed with the
senate amendment to keep the
unemployment law ao it applies
only to employera of four or
more peraona.
Earlier in the day, the house
had voted 4S to 11 to atick to
IU poaition that the law ahould
apply to employera of one or
more peraona.
Tht bill also increasea maxi
mum unemployment compen
sation benefita from $20 a week
for 30 weeka in any one year,
to S25 a week for 26 weeka. It
reduce! employer payroll taxes
by S4, 000, 000 a year.
. Public Welfare Profram
The aenate completed legisla
tive action on the big public
welfare program. It aent to the
governor the bill to let the
public welfare commission
bring suits to force children,
when they are financially able,
o support their aged parents,
rather than forcing them on the
old age pension rolls.
The senate also approved the
house bill appropriating $55,
000,000 for public welfare for
the two-year period beginning
July 1. That Is $10,000,000
more than for the current bien
nlum. It . includes $28,500,000 for
old age pensions, or $3,500,000
more than for this biennium.
Legislative leaders hope to
finish by dinner time the ses
sion which has run two weeks
longer than the record 84-day
aession or JH4Y.
Cigarette Tax Undecided
The only remaining obstacle
to ending the session is the 2
ent cigarette tax to finance the
10-year $.14,000,000 program
for new buildings for state col
leges and institutions. It has
U run the gauntlet of both
houses and it will take a two
thirds vote in the senate to con
aider It.
The senate passed a house
measure providing for a consti
tutional amendment to let the
state bond up to 4 per cent of
ito valuation to finance veterans
farm and home loans. The limit
now ia J per cent.
The same measure would
give this loan privilege to any
veteran -who "has Hved In Ore
gon two years, it now 'being
eonfined to veterans who lived
hi Oregon before World War II.
Thia legislature has consider
ed 9 bills and 151 other meas
ure. That ia the third largest
total or Mils an record. Last
aession there were 1.018, and
the record of 1,082 was set in
Airlift Lands
13,000 Tons Day
Berlin, April 18 Mn The al
lied airlift flew nearly 13,000
tone of supplies into Berlin to
y at least as much as they
moved daily by train before the
Russians Imposed the blockade.
The official tally sheets show
ed short tons of food,
coal and other supplies lugged
r over -the Russian blockade in
13ft flights In the 24 hours
ending at noon today. This is
the equivalent of what could
have been carried in 22 freight
trains, composed of about 1100
German-size ears, which are
slightly smaller than the Ame
rican ones. Before the blockade
was imposed last June, howev
er, the Russians permitted only
a maximum of 21 trains a day.
Today- tonnage exceeded by
more than 50 percent the pre
vious record of 8246.1 tons set
April 11. The tremendous ef
fort also assured a new weekly
tannage record. The effort to
smash the previous record had
aimed at a new one of 10.000
tons in one day. This goal was
surpassed by almost 30 percent.
I, sue Salaries I'psed
The senate voted last night for
a house hill increasing salaries
of Lane county officers 25 per
'Released br United States
Weattier Bureau
Forecast for Sslem and Vicin
itv: Considerable cloud I new to
night and Sunday morning,
clearing in afternoon. Uttle
rhanie In temperature. Low
est temperature expected to
night. 42 degree.: highest Sun
day, 5. Conditions will be fa
toraoia for agricultural work
Sunday. Maximum yesterday 11
Minimum today 44. Mean tern-
rrature yesterday M which was
above normal. Total 24-hour
precipitation to 11:20 ajn. todsy
0. Total precipitation for the
month, trace, which is 1 42 Inehea
below normal. Willamette river
height at Aelem Saturday morn
ing. feet.
The 194A legislature, which Is
expected to end today, lasted so
lonr because it had to enact
more important legislation than
any legislature In many years.:
Highlights of the session
were its taxation, highway, la-;
bor, pension, basic school and l
building programs. i
It balanced a mammoth!
$102,706,000 budget without
passing new taxes. The law
makers achieved this by using
corporation income tax re
ceipts, thus changing the law
that requires use of these receipts
only to reduce property taxes.
Highlights of Session
The legislature started a 15
year $467,000,000 program to
modernize state highways. It
did this by adding a cent to the
gas tax, doubling the $5 auto
license fee, and increasing truck
taxes. The whole program will
net $5,600,000 to the state, plus
$2,400,000 a year for counties
and cities. -
Labor wins a 25 per cent in
crease in industrial accident
benefits. Unemployment com
pensation maximum benefits
were boosted from $400 a year
to $650, and employers got a
$4,000,000 reduction in their
payroll taxes.
Labor Loses Repeals
Labor lost in its attempt to
repeal the 1947 laws prohib
iting secondary boycotts and hot
cargo actions and providing for
secret elections to determine
when labor disputes exist.
Old age pension legislation
was a hot subject, with the law
makers voting for $50 pensions
if there is enough money to pay
them, and giving the state prior
claims on estates of pensioners.
They also approved a law forc
ing children to take care of
their parents when the children
are financially able to do it.
(Concluded en Pace 3. Column 7)
Idanha Fire
Threat to Homes
Idanha, April 10 Several
homes on the east edge of Idan
ha were threatened and one of
them scorched before a brush
fire was brought under control
Friday afternoon;--- -"'
Approximately 15 acres were
covered by the blaze which was
fanned by a 20-mile-an-hour
The Canyon fire patrol laid
six lines of hose from the river,
and mill pond with patrols kept
on duty through the night. The
patrol was assisted by U.S. for
estry workers and volunteer
fighters, many of them from the
Detroit high school.
Slightly sorched was the
home of Henry Hiehert while
the flames came within a few
feet of cottages erected by
Merle Seitzinger for logging
workers. The fire was near the
highway before being discover
ed shortly after 1 o'clock.
Scottt Mills The first brush
fire of the season caused some
alarm bunt no damage before It
was under control, late Thurs
day afternoon.
Vatican Procession
Celebrates Day
Vatican City, April Id (uPl
A torchlight procession wound
its way up Palatine Hill last
night In celebration of Good
Friday. It was the first Good
Friday procession since the war
in which pilgrims from foreign
countries have participated.
Pope Pius II spent the day at
the altar.
All Salem to Join Annual
Observance of
Climaxing a week of religious
church goer and the non-communicant alike, the resurrection of
Christ from the tomb will be observed Easter Sunday.
The observance wilt consist nf special music, sermons, the cus
tomary parade of spring bonnets and of automobile trlpa through
orchards laden with blooms.
With climatic conditions
promising to be the best in
years, churches with flower
banked altars will be crowded
with communicants, some of
whom will make their annual
pilgrimage to their favorite
The Faster observance will
open at o'clock Sunday morn
ing with the traditional tun
rise service scheduled for the
north approach to the state cap
itol. At that hour a program of
music and an address by Rev.
Orvlll W. Jenkins, sponsored
by the Salem Ministerial associ
ation, will be given. Rev. Louis
E. White it chairman of the com
mittee on arrangements.
Breakfasts by young people's
groups and others will follow
the sunrise services, soma ini
Ad to Speed
Air Facility
Rtpps wpr taken Saturday
morning by the city of Salem
to permit the Naval Air Facility
slated for this city to make Its
move here immediately.
In a letter to the Naval Air
Reserve Training Unit com
mander at the U. S. Naval Air
Station. Seattle, City Manager
J. L. Franzen granted the navy
permission to occupy immedi
ately the premises at McNary
field that' are to b formally
leased to the navy.
The correspondence to the Se
attle station Informed them that
the formality of the lease, now
awaiting the approval of the bu
reau of docks, would not be nec-
nd granted the right to
start moving equipment and to
begin work at the hangar on
the east side of McNary field.
Officer in charge nf the Sa
lem Naval Air Facility will be
Lt. Commander Wallace Hug,
and the executive officer is Lt.
Stanley Fallander of Corvallis.
Easter Day
emphasis, of significance to the
homes, others In the
Because of the press of com
municants, several churches will
give duplicate services Sunday
forenoon. In most instances the
first will take place at o'clock' " " " '"" -
with the second at II o'clock. ir,n" Springs.
Snecial masses will h.'
by the Catholic choirs.
the Catholic choirs "i
With their religious duties
cared for hundreds are expect -
ed to Join the caravan of mot
orists who will follow the blos
som routes over the hills and
through the valley.
Good Friday's three hour ob-
servance at the First Presbyter-!
Ian church where seven Protest-
ant ministers spoke concerning
the "Seven Last Words" was
well attended.
Along Blossom-Day Route Near Salem Oregon's Pacific
highway winds through a fairyland of blossoms when spring
comes to Willamette Valley, one of the most fertile and pro
ductive regions in all the land. The Pacific highway, which
connects the United Slates with Canada and Mexico, is alxo
known as the International highway, one of the most heavily
traveled traffic arteries in tht west. (Oregon State Highway
Commission photo)
Millions of Americans to
Hear of Risen Christ
'Rr the AMnrM-tat'd PrNu)
Millions nf Amerirans at dawn tomorrow will hear the story
of a risen Christ re-told at outdoor services on mountain toot and
in valleys, on the seashore and in Woodlands.
In some places throngs running into the tens of thousands
will gather, while in others only a handful of worshippers will
be present.
rair, but sngnny com wpain -
er was forecat for mot sections
of th nation.
Perhaps the largest outpour
in ir will he at th 24-vear-old
ceremony in the Wichita moun
tains, near Lawton. Okla. Here
the 139 record of 200.000 wor
shippers is expected to be ex
ceeded. Other large crowds may in
clude: 75.000 at Washington,
D. C.'s Fort Lincoln: 65,000 atoon
Chicago's Soldier field; 60.000
at Pasadena's Rose Bowl; $50,
000 at Miami's Orange Bowl, and
35.000 at the Hollywood bowl.
The movie capital's nondenoml
natinnal service will be on a na
tional radio program (ABC).
For the 15th time, the songs
of Christendom will ring from
the Shrine of Ages on the south
rim of the Arir.ona Grand Can
yon. These services will be
broadcast nationally (NBC) and
in Canada, and beamed by short
wave to Europe. Latin America
and the armed forces oversea
two Loioraoo mountain srt-j
lings will he used to solemnize
the story of the cruicifixion and
the resurrection: the park of the
Red RocKs, near Denver, and the.
Al ,hrm lo America s
World War 2 dead in Rindge.jcrased most of the flood danger
. M , prayert win pe given tromialong the Umatilla river.
outdoor altar mane up 01
stones from flying fields all over
the world.
In th
nation's capital aboutiadvised that damaging high wa
1.1,000 persons are expected at.ters now could come only if
ceremonies In Arlington Nation -
al cemetery amphitheater. Aft-
. . ....
""'" . '"
rie laid at tha tomb of the
I Unknown Soldier,
: - , f 1 U
At Hillsboro Airfield
Hillsboro, April 16
destroyed the Oslund
teft Fire
hangar on the Hillsboro muni
cipal airport today with loss
estimated by the owner at $31,-
Four planes and two disas
sembled planes were deitroyed
as were shop equipment and of
fice records, H. R. Oslund said.
Cause of the bla.e, first no
ticed at 5:20 a m., was not de
termined. Two pumpers from
the Hillsboro fire department
kept the fire from spreading
to adjoining buildings.
The onp-slorv brick building)
was built in 1P47. j
Danger of Flood
fl Umatilla iHStll
p.ndirIon. Anril lit
(weather conditions permitting
ornry melting and runoff
In the Blue mountains
Reporting finds of his mid
month snow survey, Marvin
Bennett, county watermaster.
' n'vy ralnt deep In the moun-
I tains choked run-off streams.
I Recent winds, coupled with
wmmrr n,y, ,nn rool nin
have melted snow past Ihe ex
'tremt danger point, he said.
Forest Blazes
Under Control
Forest fires which dnttpd
western Oregon and Washing
ton in the season's first out
break were under control to
day. Weather and work crews
combined to check the scores ef
fires that came on the heels of
farmers' spring clearing opera
tions. Nont reached dangerous
proportions, although all nf
them threatened to at the out
set because nf low humidity and
brisk winds. They were con
fined largely to brush and fern
The Washington state district
office at Vancouver reported
that the Bell mountain fire on
the old Yacolt burn was com-
pletely controlled and was ex-
ipected to be put out today. It
wan inr mrKfM iirp, rovpririR
more than a thousand acres.
the peak, 5R mrn fought it.
Dozens of northwest Oregon
fires, most of them covering
only a few acres, also were in
hand today. A crew was held
( nnrludrrl on Pane 5. Column
Quake Crack on Cliff
Causes Landslide into Sound
Salmon Beach, Wash., April IB lTi
20 yards from eternity today.
The danger is not ycl over.
F.leven million cubic yards nf
at 2 33 a.m. Pacific Standard Time, a scant 20 yards from the regulations to engage in certain
lat house in this fishing snri practices said to violate the FTC
resort settlement six milesismashing small boats, dockjact.
northwest of downtown Tacoma.j areas, a wooden boardwalk and) A similar position was taken
Rearing behind the homes or
the J00 residents is a 4in foot
high cliff dangerously split sev
eral hundred yards back from
the edge.
It was this same lengthwic
I destructive Pacific Norlhwesllin three days, they clustered In
eatnquake, mat apparently was
the cleavage line for the tre-jcyc on the slide and the otheri Washington, April lfi I"1
mendous half-mile wide slide on Ihe sheer wall behind them iThe weather bureau predicts
Just lo the north. j The crack in the rliff could "fair weather" for tomorrow's
A terrific roar awakened thejsend more tons of earth plunging Kaster parades in practically all
townspeople as the great mass down. (sections of the nation,
nf earth rumbled 300 yards out. It would wipe out Salmon! In a special Easter forecast,
into Puget Sound. Beach. ,the bureau predicted possible
The sound waters receded 20; Though the split It but twolshowers only along the lower
to 2S feet from normal tide lincinrhei wide, It it deep. While east coast of Florida and In the
with an ominous sucking sound jsand boiled up through It to Lake Superior area. The rest
Then an ft foot tidal wave the surface during Wednes-iof the nation should have clear,
ruined back Igainit the beach,! day 1 quake. cool weather with lota of tun.
As members of the IM9 legis
lature were preparing to return
to their homes after a record-j
breaking 97-day session specula-1
tion was heard on all sides over
the presiding officers of the
19M session.
If the republicans maintain
its present senate control, which
could be overturned by the ad
dition of six democrats to the
present minority membership of
10, it will likely be a three-way
race for the presidency.
For Senate Presidency
Senators Eugene E. Marsh, of
Yamhill county, former speak
er of the house, Carl Engdahl
of Umatilla county and Paul
L. Patterson of Washington
county have announced they
will seek tle top senate post.
Engdahl was a close contend
er with William E. Walsh, pres
ent president of the senate, in
fact lacked only one vote from
winning last January. He is de
termined to make a vigorous
campaign during the next Jwo
Marsh, one of original sup
porters of Walsh, is depending
upon the support of the major
ity of senators who were in the
Walsh camp this year to bring
him the price.
Democratic Action
Patterson is the only one of
the trio who is holdover senator
and is recognized as an able
parliamentarian as well as a
constructive legislator.
(ConrlufiVtl in Vt i, Oliimn si
Strikers Return
To Express Jobs
New York, April 1ft
Seven thousand Railway Ex
press employes voted today to
end their five-week-old work
stoppage and return to work
The vote was taken at a meet
ing of clerks and freight han
dlers employed by the agency
in the metropolitan area.
About 3000 drivers Idled In
the long dispute also will be af
fected. Daniel J. Sullivan, district
general chairman of the AFL
Brolliernoort of Hallway ana
steamsnip ciems, neciarra tne
vote for returning to work was
He ignored two or three
hands raised in dissent. About
3.200 union members attended
Ihe meeting. The ballot was
binding on all 7000 clerks and
freight handlers.
Sullivan said the company bad
agreed at a meeting in Phila
delphia Wednesday to take back
all of Ihe employes working
when the stoppage began March
Other issues, including wages
and hours, were not aettled at
the meeting. A presidential
fact-finding board, named re
cently lo consider Ihese Issues,
will begin hearings In Washing
ton Monday.
Turbine Bids Called
For Detroit Dam
Tortland, April 1 iThe
army engineers will open bids
.Tune 1.1 on furnishing two 70.-000-horscpower
hydraulic tur
bines and governing equipment
for Detroit dam's powerhouse.
The turbines probably will
cost about Sl.S00.nnn. The De-
troit dam on Ihe North Santiam -n". '
river is due for completion tn I f challenged its Jur
iqii ,iih wr t i'diction and said Ihe institutes
-This little community was
earth plimg'd into Pugrt Sound i
other waterfront Installations.
I That, apparently, was the ex-
- ltenl of the damage.
Panic gripped the conununl-
iv a residents, but no one was
Injured. Jittery and awed by
apprehensive groups with one;
Program policies of Hie
YWCA as related to public af
fairs will come np for discus
sion at the April membership
meeting of the local TUT A
Tuesday at I p.m. In IW build
Three out-of-town officials of
lha association will be here for
the meeting. They are Mra.
C. A. Barnes, Eugene, member
of the national YW board; Miss
Helen Flack of San Francisco,
national western regional ttalf
secretary for the association;
and Mrs. V. Dusenberry, Port
land, atate YW public affairs
Mrs. A. A. Schramm, local
president, will preside at the
meeting. Notices have been
sent to all members to attend.
this being one of the sessions
called for in the constitution.
Bark Truman Program
Among the topics expected to
come up at the meeting will be
discussion of the program en
dorsed by the national YWCA
at its convention last month in
San Francisco.
Quoting from the March bul
letin of the local association a
summary of the national con
vention's endorsements follows:
"Convention delegates ap
proved YWCA backing for
establishment of a permanent
commission on civil rights, vot
ing privileges for residents of
the District of Columbia, admis
sion of Hawaii, consistent bi
partisan foreign policy, inter
national and domestic civilian
control of atomic energy, in
creased limitations on national
sovereignty as a means of
strengthening the United Na
tions and adoption of the prin
ciples of the Universal Declara
tion of Human Rights.
"The convention agreed that
Y women would atrive for de
velopment of an adequate
health insurance plan, strength
ened social aecurity and exten
sion of coverage, equal pay for
equal work for women, legis
lation for slum clearance and
low-cost public and private
housing, a permanent fair em
ployment practice commission,
elimination of the poll tax, fed
eral protection against lynch
ing and mob violence, abolition
of segregation in Washington,
DC, outlawing of segregation
and discrimination in interstate
transportation, and federal
m0 public education
"Thlt program Is a mandate
to the national officers and the
YWCA's public affairs commit
tee by vote of the delegates.
"And that meant . . . that
'standard' local associations
will be expected to adhere to
the gnala set by the conven
tion." Oregon Brewers
Deny Charges
Washington, April 16 tm ...
Four brewery institute and
Iheir members In Washington,
Oregon, California and Idaho
have denied federal trade com
mission charges of conspiracy
to fix prices In beer and rnslt
liquor sales.
The commission said today
that answen to its complaints
have been revived from 23
manufacturers and distributors,
Washington Brewers institute,
Seattle; Brewers Institute of
Oregon. Portland; California
State Brewers institute, Ssn
Francisco, and Idaho Brewers
institute, Boise.
Besides denying the rnmmis-
and firms involved have been
complying with stale laws.
The commission also disclos
ed it has grantrd the slates of
Washington and Orrgon leave
i to intervene in the proceedings.
It said Attorney General
George Ncuner nf Oregon said
in his petition to intervene that
pomp of the respondents arc re-
nuirrd by stale law and by Ore
gon honor rnntrol commission
I by Washington state through At
torney General Smith Troy, tha
commission said.
Fair Weather lor
Easter Prevails