Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980, March 31, 1949, Page 4, Image 4

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    Capital A Journal
An Independent Newspaper Established 1888
GEORGE PUTNAM, Editor and Publisher
ROBERT LETTS JONES. Assistant Publisher
..Published every afternoon except Sunday at 444 Che
' meketa St., Salem. Phones: Business, Newsroom, Wont
Ads, 2-2406; Society Editor, 2-2409.
Full Leased Wire Service of the Associated Press and
The Uiited Press. The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches
credited to it or otherwise credited in this paper and also
-ews published therein.
By Carrier: Weekly, 25c; Monthly, 1.00; One rear, $12.00. By
Mall In Oregon: Monthly, 75c; 6 Mns., $4.00; One Tear, $8.00.
U.S. Outside Oregon: Monthly, $1.00; 6 Mos., $6.00; Tear, $12.
4 Salem, Oregon, Thursday, March 31. 1949
The Modern Age
Origin of the Word Salem
" Salem is generally said to be a biblical name, but it ap
pears only three times in the Scriptures, and the references
are to the King of Salem mainly. The first reference is in
Genesis and the accepted chronology B.C. 1918. The others
are in Psalms and Hebrews.
In Genesis it is related that after Abram returned from
the defeat of the four kings that captured the Kings of
Sodom and Gomorrah and pursued them into Hobah, which
is "on the left of Damascus," and captured all their loot;
Genesis 14-18:
18. And Melchizedek, King of Salem, brought forth bread and
wine, and he was the priest of the most high God.
IB. And ne messed mm ana saia Diessea De Aoram ot tne
most high God, possessor of heaven and earth;
20. And blessed be the most high God which has delivered
thine enemy into thy hand. And he gave him tithes for all.
The second mention of Salem is in Psalms 76:2:
. In Judah God Is known: his name is great in Israel.
In Salem also is his tabernacle and his dwelling place in
There break he the arrows of the bow, the shield and the
word and the battle. Selah.
The third mention of Salem is in the Epistle of Paul to
the Hebrews 7-1 :
1. For this Melchizedec, King of Salem, priest of the most
high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of
the Kings and blessed him;
2. To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first time
by interpretation King of Righteousness, and after that King of
Salem, which is King of Peace.
' 3. Without father, without mother, without descent, having
neither beginning of days, nor end of' life but made unto like
the Son of God, abideth a priest continually.
This interpretation asserts that Salem means peace,
and that Abraham by giving a tenth part of all to the King
of righteousness, and after that also the King of Salem,
which is king of peace, established the tithing system for
the priesthood.
" Salem, says the Hitchcock analysis of the scriptures, was
an ancient name for Jerusalem. The encyclopaedia Ameri
cana states that the Tel-el-Armana tablets have it Uru-sa-lem
(city of peace), and the Assyrian monuments Ur-sa-li-fhi-ma,
meaning "city of peace."
; ' There is another ancient city in India called Salem, per
haps antedating all the Salems. It is the capital and chief
town of Salem district situated 207 miles southwest of
Madras, with a population of over 50,000, about the size of
Salem, Oregon. It lies in a fertile tropical region and is
famous for its cotton, silk, steel and cutlery. It would take
a- Sanscrit scholar to say whether or not the name also
meant peace.
Discriminatory Move Makes Some Think
. Those opposing the Baldock plan for Salem's traffic
troubles aren't so certain they like the political maneuver
fngs going on in the senate.
... The senate highway committee has sent out with a "do
pass" recommendation the fantastic bill to prevent spend
ing of highway funds inside cities until the highways are
brought up to federal standards. Although a bare major
ity of the senators had put their names clown as sponsors
of this discriminatory proposal, there is every indication
that one or possibly two of those sponsoring senators have
changed their minds and when a vote on the floor comes
Indications are the bill would have a tough time.
This bill, which originally could be described as designed
to "pressure" the highway commission into giving more
attention to the state highways, can well get completely
out of hand. The "pressuring" might turn into a legal
barrier. And that, strangely enough, does concern some
who oppose the Baldock plan for Salem.
When those opposers see no chance of highway funds
heing used to improve the capital city situation, they be
gin to understand that Salem is being offered an expert's
program on a silver platter. Granted that the city has
to make its own adjustments and offer some compromises,
but the possibility of losing a $7,600,000 donation to solve
the traffic troubles does sober some opposers.
The action of the senate highway committee has in its
discriminatory way brought out to some the true value
of the Baldock plan. The thought of losing a ?7,600,000
proposal is enough to emphasize the importance of the
program itself.
And the fleeting time-table when a decision must be
reached by Salem tends to temper objections and encour
age agreement. The facts remain that the highway com
mission will mnke its commitments for the next two years
after it completes the last half of its state inspection
tour. And that will be the latter part of April or early
The discriminatory legislation that has come out of the
senate highway committee has a long road to go before
It could be enacted into law. Salem should oppose it, for
a change, and, at the same time, go ahpad with acceptance
of the Baldock plan.
More Pay for Fewer Workers
State employes and officials are strenuously protesting
the action of the ways and means committee in reporting
out favorably a bill putting the civil pay plan which pro
vides an average increase of salary to state employes but
also reduces the wage and salary budgets of all departments
one third.
If this action is approved by the legislature it would
mean that every department would be required to reduce
its personnel sufficiently to provide the money necessary
to give the remaining employes the pay increases contained
in the new wage scale and making it effective July 1.
In other words the committee recommends more pay
and fewer employes to do the same work, which means the
dismissal of many employes. It must be based on the con
clusion that staffs are unnecessarily large and that if the
loafers were culled out there would be more efficiency,
an opinion many high state officials seem to concur in. '
Officials of the State Employes' association have gone
on record in favor of weeding out any non-essential em
ployes but are opposed to any blanket treatment of the
problem. "A few departments will be able to adopt the
new pay plan with the reduced appropriation," Leo Smith,
attorney for the association, said. "But to apply the re
duction 'across the board' will mean that in many depart
ments essential employes will have to be dismissed."
rf&c'f HAVE VOO THOUGHT V gg. ,
'' ' SKL? OF GOING OVER AND )' ' 1 , (
'' troTt PLAYING WITH THE ,'f N.
MKt&Sffl 7 r-m 0 J AT ME- THEY ('
trffitaSSgbl v.' .. JYA-"-" f SAY IT CUTS V
yHJggWlr ' :- ' i V THEM OUT OF
PifflfiV'.' ' LL' 1 A CHANCE FOR i
fA-S IT T'j
U.S. Diplomatic Personnel Wizard of odds
Abroad Still Underpaid
Washington One of the few pieces of legislation passed to date
by the 81st congress was a bill just about doubling the president's
salary and housekeeping allowance.
Meanwhile, American diplomats, stationed on the first line ol
defense, are still hopefully waiting for their promised but pitifully
tf-y A I i the
Big Little School
of $330 a year.
This increase
was tied to the
bill boosting the
president's pay
check For last
year all other
federal employ
es had been
eiven a raise
but not U., S.
A i nlriin a i ! ro i"
sonnei aoroaa.
Some of them, beginning on
a salary as low as $2,000, can
barely make both ends meet,
and are supposed tc keep up
proper appearances as represen
tatives of the great United
U. S. foreign service officials
are stationed from Sinkiang to
Tasmania, from Oslow to Dur
ban, where the 40-hou week en
joyed by other officials
rare as a smile
John L. Lewis.
a rough antagonist wnen he gets
warmed up, but seldom has he
been in such fighting form as
during a lecture on racial toler
ance the other day.
His target was race-baiting,
rabbi e-rousing representative
John Rankin of Mississippi, who
just delivered a speech
ing out Israel, along with
continents of Europe, Asia
and Africa, as a "sinkhole" into
which we are "pouring" relief
Angrily McCormack told Ran
kin to "sit down." Then he
blistered: "I have no feeling
against anyone because of acci
dent of birth. I was not con
sulted when I was brought into
this world, neither was anyone
else, and I do not think accident
of birth should operate against
Fair, Enough.' If you mad
Odm a 3 to I you
y ., CHICK TM( WlATHlf,
Napoleon 1,
1,735 BOOK.
Thomas Pr lifts, (mohtaui,Cuuu)
asked nisi CONTEST ODDS:
Eniwa contest today?
it'j 8 n I YOU'RI
Mrs. Eleanor Graham, route 3, writes us to tell about some very
fine people in her community of Hall's Ferry, so small, she says,
it can hardly be called a "whistle stop." But its smallness, she
writes, ooesn I aeter me people .. "Americans in the for-
of the community from work- pack the school Saturday night. eign service need to have great
ng hard for a worthy cause w , , lad , offer thjs m. id , tneir countrv. And it
ineir small two- . , , ,, k ririo
lie testimonial to tne smaii coun- BIIUUIU ut " r"
room school.
"As you proba
bly know," she
says, "some of
the two- room
schoolhouses in
the state are In
very poor shape,
but not so at
Hall's Ferry.
T h e y ' re very
proud of the im
provements they
try school which in a period of
consolidation and an urge for
bigness, seems to be well on its
way out. But the little two and
one-room schools of
have furnished far more
their proportionate share of fine
citizens, "just ordinary folks"
as Mrs. Graham says, as well as
more than their share of the
A man's racial origin means
on the face of nothing to me, a person's name
means nothing to n e. A per-
A bulletin recently sent to g.un respect, out
these employes quoted Senator wh does m" everything to
Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts as Pon'i mine,
saying: "Americans in the for-. And wh," imee a person
ing a person I do not like, a per
son I have nothing but con
tempt for.
Poor Man's True Wealth
New York UP) Once upon a time there was a man who learned
how to make gold.
He was a poor bookkeeper, tired of poverty and weary of keep-
that shows
through, that reflects the true
worth of the American way of
However, the president's sal
ary boost was passed by con-
America gress while the struggling, run-
than of-the-mine u. a. aipiomai
aboard got none. I urtnermore,
the ritzy boys with drag at the Cormack remark
top came out lainy en. nen
allowances weren't cut.
But because the budget bu-
have made and intend to keep nation's greats. Hall's Ferry, not reau sliced the state department
on making them. They have no even recognized on the county
community hall, as some of the road map, may be no metropolis.
larger districts do, so the com
munity life centers about the
school and believe me they
work hard to bring enjoyment
to the children, the grownups
and their friends." Mrs. Graham
says this is all leading up to a
new project they've undertaken,
putting on a three act play Sat
urday evening, April 2, at 8 p.m.
at the school. All members of
the cast are people who work in
town during the day and have
devoted their evenings for the
past five weeks to give their
children and friends a real treat.
The public is invited, no tickets
sold, just a free will offering
and refreshments prepared by
the women to be sold after
wards. All proceeds are (o go
to equipment for a hot lunch
program. "These," she said,
"are just ordinary folks work
ing logcther to give enjoyment
and necessary things for their
children's school."
But its school is significant of
one of the greatest forces in the
development of the country. We
fear when all of the Hall's Fer
rys and their schools have pass
ed into mergers there will be an
irreparable loss. But we wish
Hall's Ferry the best of luck as ery progra
it fights for survival,
One of the most comic fea
tures about a lot of the so-called
comics is referring to them as
The Pacific Coast League
got under way last night down
in the sunny southland. And
now us folks up here can sit
back and wait for Portland to
win a game, which, by gum,
we'll do if it takes all summer.
even below last year, many of
the poorly paid, struggling young
diplomats at the bottom had
$100 cut off their living and
rental allowances.
To them the Truman "fair
deal" has turned ou' to be the
"raw deal."1 For, while we spend
billions on the European recov-
we nurse nickles
on the front line of the Ameri
can program forjaeace.
NOTE One reasoi the Amer
ican diplomatic service has been
so notoriously inept is that it
has been so underpaid. Only
wealthy men could afford to
become career diplomats, and
wealth does not necessarily
mean brains.
Long-shanked house majority
leader John McCormack can be
More on Veterans' Bonus
And sure we're glad to pass
on these words for Mrs. Gra
ham and hope they'll help to
No Reason for Mystery
turt rorelto Affair Analyst)
There seems to be a widespread disposition to make a mystery
of why Moscow participated in the much publicized "cultural and
scientific conference for world peace," held in New York City's
Madison Square
Garden last
I'm sorry not
to be able to
support this no
tion of mysterv.
because I like
mysteries, but
there really is
no Inexplicable
element involv
there are some highly intriguing
points worth examining in con-
(Edltor'i Nolr: Cnntrlbotinna lo Ihli column mail
a confined to SflO words and alined by writer.)
To the Editor: I read Mr. Anderson's article of March the 26th
in which he opposes a veterans bonus. He also states that the
money could be used for a better purpose. 1 would"like to point
cut that not many of the boys
are lawyers but I will say that
a lot of the boys would have
had this type of work if the war
had not robbed them of the best
years of their lives.
He also stated that a few
hundred dollars would not help
the boys in the long run. There
are quite a few boys that are
ttying to go to school and finish
their education on $90.00 per
mo. I wonder if Mr. Anderson
only had $90.00 per month to
when he was
delegations did provide a fine
oDDortunity for propaganda.
Whether the communists will see him through
regard that propaganda as prof
itable remains to be seen. How
ever, the meetings in New York,
with the attendant picketing by
anti-communists, certainly
ccived wide publicity in
press of the country.
OetVltl HarKenalo
when the final meeting last Sun
day night brought an estimated
18,700 people into huge Madison
ncctinn with this big meeting square udracn.
which was sponsored bv our Maybe some of these folks
home-grown "national council of wcre thcre merely from curios-
Ihe arts, sciences and profes- "' but tnls ls a fl8ure 10 Jbe
sions" studied by any who have dis-
To'be sure, there was a clash counted the penetration of com-
of views in high quarters as to munlst influence into the United
lust what the, nurnnia nf th States.
meeting was,
The sponsors said it was aimed
at fostering peace and friendship.
A skeptical U.S. state department
bluntly described it as a sound
ing board for communist propa
ganda, a claim hotly denied by
the sponsors.
Of course, New York city is
the biggest center of that influ
ence in the country, but you find
it surprisingly wide-spread, both
in cities and country districts.
A significant aspect of the con
ference was that the Red dele
gates continued the charge of
warmongering against the United
In any event, warm invitations states, despite the fact that they
by the sponsors brought delega- were guests in the house of capi
tions from Moscow and from the tnl ism. Fadeyev and Shostako
communist satellite countries. vich spoke thei.- pieces bluntly,
The Russians were headed by bluntly ir-de'.d that at times
Alexander Fadeyev, the novelist, tnev brought reproof from the
and included Dmitri Shostako- friendly audience,
vich, Russian composer, who was one would think it must have
the stellar attraction of the been a trying task for the visi
8rup. tors to perform, but communism
Why did Russia accept? Tha permits no deviation from or
answer to that is clear enough, ders.
and there are three reasons: It is an interesting commen-
(1) Moscow is irrevocably tary on the peace conference
committed to communizing the that Monday President Truman
United States, which is the ring- assigned tMidget experts to work
leader among the "capitalist" on a big program of supplying
democracies. arms to western Europe as a bul-
(2) The Russians wish to wark against communism. This
achieve this without engaging in program is a follow-up of the
a war for which they are not North Atlantic defense treaty
prepared, and which Moscow charges repre-
(3) The visit of tin communist sents a war threat.
Stung to the quirk, Rankin
vehemently demandeo that Mc
Cormack's words "be taken
down" by the clerk, the house
instrument of censure. How
ever, what most irked Rankin
apparently was not the lecture
on tolerance, but an added Mc-
in which the
gentleman from Massachusetts
deliberately and falsely accused
me of opposing ever-y measure
for the defense of my country
prior to Pearl Harbor."
However, McCormack's senior
colleague, fair-minded speaker
Sam Rayburn of Texas, prompt
ly sat on the boisterous little
dixiecrat, by ruling him out of
Some of us newspapermen are
so busy calling attention to
things that don't go tight in the
world that we underplay news
about people who are helping to
make the world a better place
to live in.
So here is some news about
the folks who may not hold
public office, who may not be
famous outside their own com
munity, but who nevertheless
are making everyday human
news as servants of brotherhood:
George L, Stahl, Sunbury,
Pa. Who runs a hotel in a coal
mining town where at one time
they spoke 17 different lan
guages, and who by his unself
ish devotion to his community
has endeared himself to his fel
lowmen. In Sunbury, there's al
most too much of ' let George
oo it."
Ambrose Crass, Murfreesboro,
Tenn. A retired 76-year-old
printer who hasn't been content
to retire when it comes to work
ing for others, and who is to be
found making the rounds for
other people whenever there's
work to be done.
Dr. Clement L. Littauer, As
bury Park, N. J. For his pro
motion of the local biotherhood
rally which each year selects a
distinguished citizen who has
done most for his community
regardless of race color or
Mrs. Ella Allen of Ft. Smith,
Ark. and the 52 cnUdren who
have formed a Servants of
Brotherhood club to foster the
basic principles of brotherhood.
Each week the childien meet to
report on what they have been
able to do for others.
Mrs. Robert C. Loving, Phil
adelphia A widow who now
devotes the affection she once
lavished on her family visiting
the sick in the hospitals of Phil
adelphia until she is known to
thousands as "Mother Loving"
and truly exemplifies the name
she bears.
What these and many other
Americans are doing may not be
closed-door, hush-hush news,
but it's what makes the USA
what it ls today.
Marion Carpenter the lady
photographer who plopped . a
bowl of bean soup in Columnist
Tris Coffin's face, may be asked
to eat her soup somewhere else
besides the senate restaurant.
A mmra ii Von Mice r,mun(e
we should save he bonus from ,he restaurant wiu bc ,aken
money ior our ex senators ann
congressmen. If the bonus bill
isn't passed now I wrnder what
type of politics they will play
when they ask the veterans for
their votes next election. It will
bt interesting to see.
218 Oregon Blrig., Salem
ine other men's
"Why can't I .
learn to make
gold?" he asked
himself one day.
"Man can do
anything he sets
his mind to. The
Germans make
butter from coal,
we make bombs
from atoms."
He didn't
batch with his finger. Then hii
wife said quietly:
"There isn't a penny left in
the baby's bank, dear. There
isn't a scrap of food in the house.
and I know you are hungry."
The tears brimmed Into her
eyes. The man looked up and
"Why, honey, you're crying."
He reached over with his
blackened finger to wipe a tear
want to make enough gold to from her cheek. As he touched
thr nil l-i aa urnrlrl'e mnnov circt-onrl
out of kilter. No, he intended h"i y1,1,?"
to keep his discovery when he
made it a secret. He just plan
ned to turn out enough gold for
his own modest needs. A mil
lion here, a million there.
'Gold!" screamed the man.
"Gold at last!"
He ran next door and borrow
ed an onion. He peeled it and
held it up to his wife's eyes.
"Cry!" he commanded her. The
. , . . onion brought the tears, all
So he went o a department right, but when he dropped them
into the mixture in the mortar
nothing happened.
store and bought himself a chem
islry set.
He wore out the seat of his
pants at the public library read
Maddened, the man grabbed
ing volumes on alchemy and the hi. ,lf,. ' ,j ,.,..,., u
transmutation of metals. Finally ,,ii
.1 iu: nucuj.
Cry!" he said. "Cry tome
he decided that the easiest thing
to turn into gold was quicksilver.
"All I have to do is find a way
to make it jell and turn yellow,'
he said.
He set up a laboratory in his fore.
basement and went to work. The man gave a mighty oath
Evening after evening he labor- 0f despair. He picked up the
ed there alone past midnight. mortar and crashed it down oh
his quest Became a mania. He the stone table. And then he
The pain tears came. He let
the small globules of his wife's
agony fall into the mortar. Noth
ing. It was the mixture as be-
quit his job after the 3,001st un
successful experiment. He grew
thin and haggard.
ran upstairs.
The loyal wife watched him
go, and pity for him replaced her,
pain. She bent over the table
One morning his wife came and wept for him alone the
into the laboratory as he was husband she loved,
about to begin his 5,999th experi- And as they fell into the spill-
ment. He was out of fancy ed mixture, drop by drop, the
chemicals and had only kitchen tears turned to the color of the
ingredients left. morning sun the pure bright
He poured the last of his quick- gold of compassion,
silver into a mortar. He put in a Moral: A wife with a 24-karat
pinch of salt and a spoonful of heart is the poor man's true
baking soda. Idly he stirred this wealth.
X-Rays Vindicated Her Faith
Berkeley, Cal. (P) Like all good little girls, Janet Casey, (, '
knew very well there should have been a penny under her .
pillow when she awoke.
Didn't the good fairies always leave a penny if yon put .
your lost tooth under the pillow before you went to sleep?
X-rays at a hospital vindicated her faith. The penny was
inside Brother Michael, 4, who had awakened first..
studying for the bar. A few
hundred dollars now would
help many a veteran to make
a down payment on that new
re- home he has dreamed about so
the many years.
Mr. Anderson stated that to
pass a bonus bill now or ever
Some observers were surprised would not be good politics. That
is the trouble with this country
today. The politicians think
only of politics and not of the
boys that fought and died for
their country. The only veter
ans I have talked with who feel
as Mr. Anderson does are the
ones who are already on the
road to success.
I wonder how Mr Anderson
felt when he read Drew Pear
son's article in the Capital Jour
nal in regard to congressmen
and senators drawing a nice big
fat pension after serving a few
ytars in Washington at a big
salary. Did they dodge bullets
and see their buddies dying like
flies and for the hig sum of
f:fty dollars a month?
I guess Mr. Anderson thinks
Sr x
up at the next meeting of the
senate rules committee.
Senator Watkins of Utah will
ask President Truman to post
pone the signing of the North
Atlantic pact until congress and
the nation have had a chance
to study it.
Only Harriet Hubbard Ayer knows the Stouty.
secret Formula ol Luxuria. Iti rich, thorough cleansing
texture hat never been copied I Unique I
So softening, is smoothing I luxuria car
eon lengthen your hours of loveliness.
1.00, 2.00, J.Sff, Mmm
Powered Baby-Buggy Stalled
Sheffield. Eng. David Elldred s wife got tired of push
Inr her daughter's baby carriage. So David put a motor on it.
Then came the police. They said the powered buggy which
traveled three miles an hour, had to be classified as a self
propelled vehicle.
Therefore, said they, Etldred would have to get license
plates, lights and brakes. And Mrs. Elldred would have to get
a driver's license.
Mrs. Elldred is pushing the carnags again.
1 -a-
m dKJ C A MM B A