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About Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 16, 1922)
THE CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM, OREGON
MONDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1922
An Independent Newspaper, Published every (renins except Sunda
Telephone 81; newa 82
GEORGE PUTNAM, Editor and Publisher
History Repeats Itself
Way back in the 50's a wave of secret society "patriot-
lam." similar to that now delueintr the land, swept over tne
nation to "preserve" it. It was known as the "American"
nartv. but commonly termed the "Know Nothing" party,
from the attitude of its members who when queried profess
ed ifimorance of the subject.
The Know-Nothing party took the form of a secret oath-
bound organization and avowed hostility to the political in
fluence of foreigners and Catholics in the government. It
.demanded the selection of none but native born American
Protestants for office. The society was known as the "Su
preme Order of the Star Spangled Banner" and exercised
the secrecy" and mysticism now practiced by its successor,
the Ku Klux Klan, which has added the negro and the Jew
to the list of the banned.
Starting in 1852, the Know-Nothing party had a rapid
growth and aided materially in the disintegration of the
Whig party. In 1855 the governors and a majority of the leg
islatures of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut,
New York, Rhode Island, California and Kentucky were
elected by the new party and in 1856 it nominated Millard
Fillmore for president, and while he carried but one state,
Maryland, in the electoral collage, he received a popular vote
of 875,000. But the movement subsided as rapidly as it had
grown, the majority of its members .going into the Repub
Political movements having similar objects have been
sporadic in the United States from the first and it was to
allay the discord and dissention they engender as well as
preserve religious toleration and freedom of conscience that
the constitutional guarantees were enacted. A similar polit
ical agitation swept over the country in the 90's and was
known by the name of "A. P. A." (American Protective As
sociation) which also was secret, and centered its opposition
upon Catholics. Such movements have usually been strong
est in states where there was the lease excuse for them
states in which the Catholics were in hopeless minority.
Such a state is Oregon. The Know-Nothings had a rapid
growth here, but were routed by Asahel Bush, who opened a
strong attack and exposure through the columns of his paper
the Salem Statesman, in 1854. He characterized the Know-
Nothings as "the most riduculous piece of bigotry, intoler
ance and stupidity grown persons were ever engaged in" and
lived to see his prediction come true "that not a man of
prominence or influence, belonging to the damning conspir
acy in Oregon, but is doomed politically."
Similar movements have flourished since. In the 80's
the "I. W. A." (Independent Workers of America) aimed
against foreigners, but the Chinese in particular, aided ma
terially in the election of Pennoyer as governor, but their
attempts to regulate matters by direct action, brought them
into conflict with the courts and prison sentences evaporated
their patriotism. In the '90's the "A. P. A." cut a wide
Bwath and the old anti-Catholic spirit had a political revival
in Portland a decade ago, which culminated in the organiza
tion of the "Federation of Patriotic Societies" with the
Orange lodges as back-bone, followed by the organization
of the Ku Klux Klan as the controlling influence in the fed
eration. With the so-called compulsory school bill which was slip
ped over on the Scottish Kite Masons at the instance of Ku
Klux members of tiie lodge, (but which there is no record of
its having been endorsed by the Grand Lodge of A. F. and
A. M.) as a rallying point, religious intolerance is again be
ing capitalized by unscrupulous politicians in an effort to ride
to power on prejudice, though there is no state in the union
which is less threatened by foreign domination or by Catho
lic control than Oregon, and no schools anywhere more un
der state regulation and no private schools of better stand
There is one unfailing result from sporadic efforts to
commercialize fanaticism, and that is that the common
sense of America sooner or later asserts itself and damns to
political oblivion the false prophets who have led the people
astray. The old members of the Know-Nothing party, like
the leaders of the A. P. A.'s spent the balance of their lives
trying to live down their part in the appeal to intolerance.
and the same fate awaits those today leading the hosts of the
secret societies and trying to destroy religious liberty, de
prive parents of inalienable rights, and make children the
wards of the state, that the unscrupulous may ride to power.
PANTOMIME By J. H. Striebil
Along State Street
Automobiles are more likely to go over than around you.
The most attractive figure of a woman: $2.98.
Hunting a house is said to be one of the bes. exercises
Today's best question:
How much coal have you in the
Not every motion picture hero shown on the screen in
uniform has been overseas.
Love makes the world go round, butJknocking a man on the
head has the same effect.
Memory is just something that enables us to forget our
joys and remember our sorrows.
It's a curious decree of destiny that the more money you
make the more bills you receive.
Considering the success of the enormous sale of fake stock,
tne birth rate has evidently increased since Barnura s time.
mind. All we need to ask him, if
Sheila is not with him or if she has
been with himf And een then we
will not be sure that his answer is
not one from a mad man's lips.
Let's go back home, Phil. I am
cold and wet and weary. Ana 1 svm
"Of what are you afraid!" Phil
demanded somewhat ronffhlv. "This
was your suggestion. For the first
time in your life you are going to
carry it through. Whenever before
you have made a statement or de
cided to do something that you did
not want to carry out you backed
out of it, whatever the cost it might
be to others. Too much depends
upon this night's investigation. Here
"Look, look, Phil, who is coming
out of that housef" was Sue's tense
Tomorrow The Unbelievable.
Sand Point, Idaho, Oct. 16.
After deliberating eight hours a
jury in district court here today
acquitted Samuel Clarke of sec
ond degree murder. Clark was
accused of killing Bert Partridge
on March 13, 1922.
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We Carry in Stock
People in a large town are judged by what they have on,
while in a small town they are judged by what the neighbors
nave on them.
After we get about two automobiles per capita, we can
an mane a living in the garage business and the shoe mer
chants can go to the poor house.
Politics is the art of making people go to the ballot-box
to give you something for nothing on the strength of a
promise you have no intention of keeping.
HAT HAPPENED When
Sheila Elliston Refused Love
By 1DAH McGLONK GIBSON
Pierce and the School Fund
To hear Walter M. Pierce, democr tic-Ku-Klux candidate
for governor talk, one would imagine that he was still a poor
farmer, for as he says that he came to Oregon 40 years ago
as a wandering boy. The assessed valuation of his property
is $253,000 -and a fortune like this is not piled up by farm
ing, even in 40 years.
Some light on the business methods employed by Mr.
Pierce to amass this fortune is being shed by the press of
the state, particularly by the Portland Telegram and the
Oregon Voter, which detail at considerable length, subter
fuges resorted to by Mr. Pierce to secure the use of large
amounts of state school funds for many years at 6 percent
interest, which he reloaned at higher rates.
The state school fund provides that no loan in excess of
$5,000 can be made to any single individual from the irre
ducible school fund on farm lands not to exceed one third
the value of the property. The records show that in Novem
ber 1903, Mr. Pierce deeded to relatives and friends five
tracts of land, on each of which $5,000 was borrowed from
the state, and after the loans had been secured, the property
was deeded back to Pierce, who assumed the mortgages. In!
addition, Mr. 1'ieree himself borrowed another $5,000, mak
ing in all $;0,000 of state money secured by Mr. Pierce of
which $25,000 was in open violation of the law. whose object
is to assist the small farmer, not the bonanza rancher or
land loan shark. Because Mr. Pierce got more than his
share of money other farmers of the state were denied state
The state law requires that the loans be made for not over
10 years, but the records show that Mr. Pierce did not pay
up the $30,000 borrowed until September, 1915 twelve
years after the loans were secured. The county records also
show many transactions wherein Mr. Pierce was loaning
money at o ana to percent aunng tins interval, sometimes
as high as $20,000 at a clip, for Mr. Pierce accummulated
his wealth as a farm loan shark and not as a farmer.
Mr. Pierce admits .that the charges made are true, de
claring that securing $25,000 from the state by fraud was
not his worst deed. He declared "if that was the worst act
I ever committed in this state, I would go to heaven in a
.vhite sheet," This leads the Oregonian to make the follow
ing pertinent query:
Will you, Mr. Pierce, as governor, being chairman of the state
loard, approve of loans In similar clrouinsianres to the grant of a,
loan made to Walter Pierce in 1903 vli: through fake transfers of
1 roperty, dummy on. n srt-tip, false affidavits?
An Astounding Revelation
It wii my brother's voice I heard.
I stood dumbfounded, transfixed.
"Don't tremble so, Susan no, you're
'But, Phil, I'm sure there was an
automobile just ahead of us as we
turned the corner. Whoro do you
suppose it went?"
"I haven't the slightest idea. It
was 20 feet ahead. Jt could not have
seen us In this darkness and the rain
With the exception of that electric
across the street over the entrance,
every light for four blocks back is
Softly I moved backward until my
heels touched the bottom step of a
stairway four, feot from where my
brother, Phil, end Susanna Jones
were standing. With the utmost
enro I mounted four steps of that
stairway backward and seated my
self on the fifth step. I was com
plotely enveloped in Stygian dark
ness. i comu not see cittier my
brother or Susaune, but 1 could see
plainly titi place across the street
murking another dark passage exact
ly like the one in which wo were
' I am sorry wj came. I am wet
and cold and uncomfortable. I am
sorry we came."
"But it was your suggestion, Su-snnne.'
"I know it. I had a letter from
my brother today. He tells me that
he has a room on this street. I
think it is over there."
"No Snsnnne, it is not over there.
I really know it isn't."
"it luiht bo anyplace about
"Why, dun'.t you know that is
the most notorious house in this
whole district! it is the rendezvous
of the wreckaso of all luimanitv
men snd women. Even your brother,
I nm sure, would not go there."
"Well, he told me in his letter,"
continued Susanne, "that he was
dowu hero and your wife, Sheila,
was with him. Ho aid awful things
to mo Phil thinirs that turned mv
heart cold. He said I was something
worse than a murderer, ne must be
mad and yet I cannot understand
way Pheila, your wife, would give
up everything, and eome to him if
he were not sane and she did not
'Can you understand. Sue. that
she might do thisall this if she
did really love himt" ked Phillip
"Yes, Thil. liecaiMs there is no
thing in the world that I would not
sacrifice for you. I flaunted my
love for you end my disdain of con
vention at Atlantic City in the hope
that some o"f the papers would men
tion it and your wife really would
apply for a divorce.
"Phil, why did you make me love
you, if you intended to marry some
4'I intended to marry you, Sue, un
til I met Sheila. And then God
help niel My heart was wax in
her little hand. Even now I cannot
believe that she is what you say.
"Why, Sue, Kay loves her, loves
her dearly end I believe would take
her part against you."
"Probably your sister does not
know what we know," answered
"Sho certainly knows somethinjr.
forthe night Sheila promised to be
my wife she went to my sister and
told a story that 1 would not let her
tell to me. And Kay, after hearing
it, begged her to marry me. Ion't
you think, Suo, your father might
have been mistaken f"
"Perhaps, but if he was, it only
proves moro conclusively that your
wife loves my brother."
I heard Phil groan and inadver
tently my hand hit against a wall,
my nails making a faint sound upon
"What's that, Phil. What's thatf"
"Probably a rat, dear, the place
is full of them. You know these
houses are right over the water."
"Why did wo come why did we
'Because you wanted to, be
"It's go back now, Phil," she in
terrupted, and ' as she said it 1
know that her lips were close to
his face. i
He pushed '1-r, not too gentlv,
aside, as he said, "No Susanne. We
aro going to see your brother to
night or in the morning. We are
going to learn whether Sheila ; is
mere, wnemer sne is wittt km or
whether she has been with hint. We
are goine to learn vour brother's
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f Mr J
d lit h :1
ide of the story from your brother
himaeir. I pon all this I am, fully
"i'ou remember, Thil. You remem
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