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About Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980 | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1920)
Average for Sit Months eU.o
March St, 1020
ORFCON: T.usrlit ' Friday fair
t9 mean 5. Rainfall .1 inches. Riwr
1.4 feet, fatting.
ft "1 1 i 5
Member of Audit Bureau of ClrcI!bn
Associated Press Full Leased Wire
.NO. 127. ' "
; SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1920. PRICE TWO CENIB
He Agreed to
Washington, May 27. Dan Hanna
0f Cleveland agreed to raise $500,000
to finance the campaign of Major
General Leonard Wood the senate cam
palgn Investigating committee was told
today by John T. King of Connecticut
ffho first was the manager of General
Wood's national organization.
Mr- K'ng saili th!s agreement was
'made at a meeting at New York be
tween himself, Mr. Hanna and William
Loeb, former private secretary of Col.
Theodore Roosevelt. The witness said
Mr Hanna "was to go out and gather
it in for 18 montns worn. He aaoea :
that it was not discussed with General
Denies "Dinner" Story.
The witness denied that the flnan
ring of General Wood's campaign was
taken up at the much discussed omner
tit the New York home of Henry C.
Krick. He also denied that he had
1 discussed the subject with George W.
i. s. Darst, West Virginia, state nu
flitor and chairman of the committee
in thai state ior ueunm wuuu a cam
paign was the next witness. '
"I have here the full statement show
' ing that $4438 was spent in our cam
paign," he said. "That's every dollar,
though there will be bills that may
amount to $2000 more. I received
$6500 from the national headquar
ters." No local funds were raised, he as
serted, "though friends of General
Wood in different countries may have
paid a little for halls and bands."
Amount Considered Small.
"Why we consider this a small
amount to spend on a sheriff's cam
paign in one of our smaller counties,"
declared the witness. ej'Our people
have been educated up. Why, $100,
000 Is a small amount to spend for a
senator's campaign. It would have
cost $55,000 just to organize the state
decently for General Wood."
Mr. Darst said the opposition "took
whole pages in the . newspapers """and
used airplanes." " '
Mr, Darst said he was a delegnte to
Chicago "morally bound to vote . in the
convention for Senator Sutherland
while he has a chance." I
"He hasn't a chance, any more than
me," said the witness, adding that aft
er the "complimentary votes" West Vir
ginla's delegates would "vote for
With considerable emphasis the wit- j
ness expressed the opinion that unless ing hia (lrat act beng the r(.8Kna.
there is corruption you are entitled to tlon f rom the secretaryship, himself,
upend $100,000 a state on publicity for' which position he has held since
a good man." April 17, 1911.
Butler's Expenses Told. I Kozer stated this morning that he
Washington, May 27. Dr. Nicholas would probably qualify for the eecre
fourray Butler's candidacy for the re- j ryship Saturday morning at which
Publican presidential nomination has' ime he is also expected to announce
been financed to the extent of $40,560
Judge John P.. Davies of New York
City, testified today before the senate
committee of inquiry.'
Five men, including W. C. Butler of
Everett, Wash., gave $5000 each, the
LL'ltnasa ani,1 mi - -il ,.n 4 nro a
. lener, pub the wsg
In reply to a question by Senator Ued t0 Brve out the fu uneXp!rei
fomerene, democrat, Ohio, Judge Da-'term o( the ,ate Governor withy
vis said Dr. Butler would not accept a combei in whIch he declared It to be
1500.000. contribution. "It was under- j hIg- ntention to resign the secretary
tood at the start," he added. 'ehip anA appoint as his successor the
The witness agreed with Senator Republican nominee for that office
Wge, republican, New Jersey, that it'as goon as tne refiUit was definitely
ould cost $1,230,000 to give national known. It was e pected that official
firculation to a single platform pam- action would await the official can
lhlet for a candidate. I Vass of the primary vote but Kozer's
MeAdoo Fund NU.
The committee then went into the
. auestion of the campaign for W. G.
MaAdoo .democrat, calling Dr. Burrisl
""isms, publisher of the Kansas City '
Jenkins produced a letter from
-iouett Shouse .assistant secretary of
'he treasury, which said in asking him
to come to Washington that "we have
"ot even, the money to pay your ex
penses." Chairman Kenyon asked how many
federal office holders
"ouri democratic delegation.
"I doubt if there are any," Mr. Jen
"Know of any funds being raised for
'he MeAdoo candidacy?" Chairman
-o sir; on the contrary, these gen
''emen last night Said they had no
He was excused.
He Won't Bolt
Concord, N. C.. May 27. Senator
ZnSon ot California declared n. a
Zc" dress here todaythat he
"Mia not bolt the republican party
'-jjtcago if he should not be chosen
.v rePubUcan presidential nomi
aulljfi"1 now In a family
Wholl' a 'family quarrel:"
wTr Jhnson said, "and when the
Jru 18 maIe at Chicago in two
th quarrel will be ended."
Ships Contract, U-t.
to 2T?VT- B- C.-Two more 8,100
Va-r ,Xe:i-s are to be built in j
uZT7 accordi:'s to word fromiooo will he paid the government is
""--in oi marine ana ,
an yards were aw
Polk County Residents Seek Olcott
Aid In Compelling Highway Board
To Change Proposed Route of Road
Independence, Or., May 27. Tntq
est in the highway fight between the
clttzens of Polk county and the high -
u giuwiug intense.;.
Independence business men started
Ant fttli, r,r,: ...f.L ...
...u.,.iS ,0 a peuuon whlchl
wm bs presented to the governor as
soon as 6000 signatures can be attach
ed. and from the interest shown in the
matter it is believed that they will not
be long in securing the stated number
The petition reads as follows:
"When the measure known as the
road bonding act was Drooosed in 1917
session of the Oregon legislature, much
opposition was encountered in the
house of representatives. Numerous
conferences were held between spon-
sors of the bill and members of the
house, and a draft of the proposed act
was submitted and discussed. No pro
vision was made at first as to which, if
any, towns in Polk county should be
on the Pacific highway, and a favor
able vote of a majority of the repre
sentatives could not be counted on. To
secure the support of the representa
tives of Polk county, viz.: Hon. Conmdl
Stafrin of Dallas and Hon. Walter V.
fuller of Dallas, the proponents of the
measure then agreed with these mem
bers that Dallas, Monmouth and lnur.
pendetice should be on the highway,
and changed the draft of the bill to
effectuate this understanding. Messrs.
Stafrin and Fuller then Joined with the
other thirty-five representatives in in
troducing the bill; which was passed
by the house on February 17, later
passed by the senate, and is now desl-i
nated as chapter 423 laws of 1917. On
the passage of the bill In the house,
thirty-two members, including the
Polk county delegation voted yea,
twenty-seven members, Including six
who signed the bill, voted nay, and
one member who asp Joined In intro
ducing the bill, was absent. Without
the affirmative vote of Stafrin and
(Continued on page six)
The appointment of Sam A.. Kozer
as secretary of state for Oregon was
announced by Governor Olcott this
morning. This was the first official
act of Governor Olcott upon his re
turn from Stockton, Cal., this morn-
the appointment of his chief deputy,
who it is reliably reported will bs
John W. Cochran, Portland newspa
perman and chief clerk of the state
senate for several sessions past,
Kozer's appointment Is in conform
ity with a promise made by Governor
supreme court holding
1.1 ... .rr.. in fntt nn,l Anil.
nomination has been so decisive as to
leave no room for doubt as to the
result, hence the actin at this time.
0 . j r J
Sutherland s Lead
Wheling. W. Va., May 27. Senator
Howard Sutherland's lead over Gen-j
eral Leonard Wood in the West Vir
ginia primary election of last Tuesday,
today continued to Increase. One thou-
... - . .,., ra
sand five hundred and twenty pre
cincts out of 1860 In the state gave
Sutherland 28,006; Wood 23,129.
Newark, N. J., May 27. Ten leaders of the railroad strike in
New Jersey were indicted by the federal grand jury here today
under the LSver act. They were charged with conspiring to ob
struct interstate commerce.
London, May 27. The town
at its junction with the Mmsk-SmoiensK railway line, nas Deen
captured by the bolsheviki in their campaign against the Poles,
according to a soviet official statement for Wednesday, received
1 iv wireless irom Moscow, touay.
Philadelphia, May 27. The New Era Movement will be con
tinued until the next general assembly. This was unanimuosly
voted today by the 132nd general assmebly of the Presbyterian
church in the U. S. A. in session here. In taking this action the
assembly voted to cut the annual New Era budget from 900,000
' Wo shine-ton. Mav 27. Authority ior the treasury to make
oi tfimpnt under which back
il. u.. anH eant tn rne senate, ine measure uuteiius wi
1 1913 tax Saw.
DA-.-. L n J
j " tlOtlOgraptlS P Ut
-if y r
UZ U TCtl CSDCireS AUTO
Logansport. Ind., May 27. Ruling
against the use of presence in the
homes of their members of all talking
machines, phonographs and grapho
phones, the annual conference of the
Old Order Branch of the Brethren
church came to a close last night, aft-
er. a five day session on a farm twelve
miles east of her.
Some members sought to obtain
from the council action forbidding the
use of the automobile, calling it a
"devil'' machine but they failed.
2139 In State
Portland, Or., May 27. Complete re
turns from Oregon's 36 counties, 29
of which are officially reported, in last
Friday's presidential preference pri
mary, compiled today by the Portlano
Telegram, give Senator Johnson a plu
rality over General Wood of 2129 vot
es. This is the final compilation until
returns are canvassed by the secretary
Johnson's total vote, according to
these compilations, is 45,882. That of
Wood is 43,753.
Senator Johnson carried 20 counties,
General Wood 16. Johnson carried
Wheeler county, which is complete and
official, by three votes. Wood carried
Morrow county, complete and official,
by two votes.
Wounds of War
Slow In Healing
Declares Taf t
The wound made by the world war
will heal slowly and from the bottom
clear to the surface, according to for
mer President William Howard Taft,
In an informal talk before the Duluth
Commercial club last Wednesday. The
former president made a very fine ad
dress, , presenting a rather optimistic
picture of present conditions. He
warned the business men against de
spondency over the widespread unrest
"I once had a serious operation,"
Mr. Taft said, "and the doctors kept
the wound onen. In that way it healed
from the bottom of granulation, so
that It left only a slight car.
"We are a healthy body politic. The
wounds of war, unrest and bolshevlsm
will heal, but they must heal slowly.
They must not be permitted to clos
over the surface, to fester underneath.
We ore suffering from a reaction from
the war It is true, but in reality, it la
"You men can make it serious for
yourselves, however, long faces, des
pondency, depression, knocking all
there keep the sore open. The situa
tion is serious only as you make it
so." . .
Duluth papers warmly praised Mr.
Taft's addresses, both the noon lunch
eon talk, and his big lecture in the
evening under auspices of the Ameri
can Legion. The press predicted that
Taft is still a great power in American
politics and that he has not lost any
of his former popuiaruy.
He is on nis lecture iour ior um
filiated bureaus and will visit most of
the states and several Canadian pro
vinces before finishing. His coming ap
pearance In Salem Saturday is creating
a big wave of interest among Marion
Pendleton's new auto camp grounds
in the east end of the city are rapidly i
being put Into shape for use.
of Borisov, on the Beresina river
taxe3 estimated at $1,000,000,-
- provided in a bill passed today
Half Million Doll
: -t't': i iv
v ote Drive
Chicago, May 27. Candidates for
the republican nomination for the
presidency today opened their final
drive to capture the 493 votes that
spell victory in the convention which
opens here one week from next Tues
The last of the 984 delegates who
will sit in the convention were select
ed yesterday when Vermont republi
cans chose eight delegates.
Major General Leonard Wood, pres
ent returns show, will enter the con
vention with more Instructed delegates
than any other candidate, but his total
of 153 is less than one third of the
number necessary to win the nomina
Many Ballots Expected.
The division of strength among the
large field of "favorite sons" practical
ly precludes any possibility of a nomi
nation on the first ballot Even the
most optimistic campaign managers
here are not claiming victory before
the third ballot and the more conserv
ative party leaders predict the break
will not come before the fifth or sixth
at the earliest.;
One hundred and forty-five contests
have been or will be filed or more
than one seventh of all the seats in the
convention. The national committee
which meets here Monday will decide
these contests and prepare, the tempo
The principal contests are between
supporters of Major General Wood and
Governor Frank O. Lowden. Senator
Johnson and other candidates are not
directly interested in these contests,
but may raise questions regarding pri
mary contests in South Dakota, New
Jersey, Indiana, Michigan, Nebraska
and other states.
Some to Be Contested.
In addition to the 145 contests, 64
surplus delegates, with fractional vot
es, have been chosen from ten states
and the republican national commit
tee's rules provide that their right to
seats shall also be contested.
Senator Hiram W. Johnson and Sen
ator Howard Sutherland of West Vir
ginia, were the principal gainers in pri
maries and conventions held in foul
state during the past week. Senator
Johnson, returns indicate, will get nine
of Oregon's ten votes and Senator
Sutherland 16 fromr West Vlrlginla
The official count has not been com
pleted in Oregon and West Virginia.
Texas republicans Bpllt Into two fao
tions, each of which elected anunin
structed delegation with 23 votes.
, Wood Pledges Most.
Figures compiled here show the to'
lowing division of the convention
Major General Leonard Wood, 153.
Senator Hiram W. Johnson, 109.
Governor Frank O. Lowden, 7 4.
Favorite sons and unlnstructed, 648.
In the favorite son list, Senator
Warren G. Harding has 39 votes from
Ohio; Senator Sutherland 16 from
West Virginia; Senator Miles Polndex
ter is expected to receive Washlng-
ton's 14 and Judge Pritchard of North
Carolina is expected to get 17 of his
state's 22 votes.
Head Likely to
Tall Is Belief
The removal of Henry J. Schulder
man as state corporation commission-
.- ku nnvarnnr Olnntt In thft not far
distant future and the substitution in
that office of a man who, at least, Is
not antagonistic to the present state
administration, is a prediction freelyj
heralded about the state capltol these:
Schulderman has always, been rec
ognized as antl-Olcott and the gov-
ernor's failure to remove him from
office long ago has been a source of
uch surprise to the friends of the
executive. The Intimations and Insin
uations sepread broadcast by Schul
derman in his campaign for the re-1
publican nomination as secretary ofj
state, indirectly reflecting upon ' the
Olcott administration, however, are
believed to have been sufficient prov
ocation to Justify action by the gov
ernor at this time that he might have
been averse to taking before.
The declarations carried In Schuld
erman advertisements preceding tne
primary election referring to "rubber
stamp," "me too" and "second the
motion" officials can be construed
only as a direct slap at Sam A. Kozer
the republican nominee for secretary
of state, and, incidentally, an Indirect
slap at Governor Olcott, whose dep
uty and chief reliance in the secre
tary of state's office Kozer has been
for eight years These sarcasms, it is
believed, will prove the straws that
will break the patience of the gov
ernor. Schulderman was appointed corpor
ation commissioner by Governor
Withycombe, May 1, 1915, and reap
pointed in January, 1917, his present
term expiring the first Monday in
The last of 1885 cars of the 1919
tppie crop handled by the Hood River !
pple Growers' association have been;
hipped to New York.
Fire To Firemen
Chief Harry Hutton of thefire de
partment was laughing Thursday. He
said that a new way has been discov
ered for fighting fire wereby costs to
the city will be greatly minimised. This
is how It happened:
Shortly after tlx o'clock Thursday
morning a streetcar, shrouded tn
smoke, pulled up In front of the fire
station on Chemeketa street The mo
torman ran into the department and
declared that the car was afire and
that he had brought it right to the
door of the station.
In a few minutes the blase, that had
been started by faulty wiring under
neath the car, was extinguished by fire
men using chemicals.
"We didn't even have to start the
engines," Chief Hutton said. "It didn't
cost the city anything for gasoline,
tires or water. It's some scheme to
bring the fires right to us!"
Salem Vote In -Primary
Perry Big Lead
J. A. Perry, candidate for the legis
lature received the highest vote of anj
man on the republican ticket for any
office in Salem at Friday's election,
lealng Thomads B. Kay, the leader on
the county ballot by 160 votes. Perry
received 2345 votes.
The Salem vote complete, including
thelS Salem precincts, East Salem anu
Salem Heights, wasas follows:
President: Hoover 442, Johnsen
1033, Lowden 367. Wood 1654.
United States senator: Abraham 963
Secretary of state: Coburn 77, Joncb
172, Kozer 2104, Lockley 874, Parsons
227, Schulderman 296, Wood 117.
Commissioner of public utilities::
Butchel 2155, Cousin 812.
Perry Leads Field. .
Representative: Busselle 788, Davey
1196, Davidson 672, Hughes 959, Kay
2185, Keber 473, Looney 1481, Martin
1811, perry , kihrs wawun
559, Weeks xosi, wngmman hi,
Zorn .576,.., , ,. . r
Coroner: Clough 1489, Rtgdon 1803.
Assessor: Jones 642, Bteelhammei
1502. West 1299. '
For democratic nomination as Uni
ted States Benator, Chamberlain r
ceived358 votes.te 240 votes for Stark
weather tn Salem.
Referendum Vote. '
Notwithstanding the fact that Mar-
... . ,.A . .nnptfi, nf flKA
itv of 727. The city vote on the rehr -
endum bills was as follows:
Eminent Domain for RoadB
2559, no 1018.
Four Per Cent Limitation: yes 2376
Capital Punishment: yes 2066, no
Crook and Curry Bonding: yes
1951, no 1073.
Successor to Governor: yes 1929, no
Higher Educational Tax: yes 2371,
Soldiers Aid: yes 2261, no 180T.
State School Tax: yes 2741, 1329.
Blind School; yes 2301, no 1433.
Missing Youth Is
Believed Seen In
Trace of Harold Lynch, age 16, who
disappeared from his home at McCoy
Monday, and although posses and dogs
had searched for him no trace of him
rnuld be found, is believed by police
Thursday to have been found in Salem
Wednesday evening A. Lavalleur, sec
ond hand dealer, told police that a boy,
age about 16, and whose description
closely resembled that of young Lynch,
had appeared at his place and attempt
ed to tell a silver fork.
The boy Is described by Lavalleur a
being slight of built, light complexion
and was wearing a dark blue suit. At
the time of his disappearance Harold
Lynch was thought to have been wear
ing blue overalls and blue coat. Prfllre
believe now that he might have aim
procured blue trousers, and that this
boy who attempted to sell the fork was
- Leader Declares
Angora, Ala Minor, May 17. Un
alterable opposition to the treaty of
peace the allies have submitted to
Turkey was expressed here today by
Mustapha Kemnl Pasha, leader of
Turkish nationalist forces.
Assertions were made by MusUpha
Kemal that the British were attempt
ing to discredit theTurks and report
them as "merely savages and fana
tics." He asserted, however, that the
new nationalist government here
would use all its resources to combat
Aviator Given Ovation.
Toklo, May 25. Announcement that
Maslcro Ferrari, the Italian aviator
who is making the flight from Rome
to Tokio arrived In Seoul, capital of
Korea at i o'clock this afternoon and
was given an ovation there was made
bf the war department here today.
Wilson Says Such a Peace
Stain on Nation's Honor
Washington, May 27. The republican peace resolution was
vetoed today by President Wilson. ' . , .. .
Such a method of making peace with Germany, the president
said, "would place an ineffacable strain upon the gallantry arul
honor of the United States." .
n TUT i
Washington, May 27. President
Wilson's proposal - for an American
mandate over Armenia was disapprov
ed today by the senate foreign relations
committee. Only four democrats op
posed adverse action on the president s
By a vote of 11 to i the committee
reported a resolution declaring that
congress respectfully declined to grant
to the executive the power to accept a
mandate over Armenia.
ARMENIANS ACCEPT REQUEST
TO TREAT WITH BOLSHEVIK
Paris, May 27 The Armenians have
accepted an invitation from the Rus
sian bolshevik! to send delegates to
Moscow .according to Information re
ceived by the French foreign office.
A TIflis dispatch to the foreign of
fice says the Georgians have already
reached an agreement with Mosvn
under which the TIflis government un
dertakes to prevent Georgian territory
being used as a base for attacks
against the bolshevlkl.
The reported willingness of the Ar
menians to negotiate with the bolshj.
vlkl Is explained in official circles herj
by the tact that they are exposed to
attacks by the Turkish nationalists on
the one sldo and by the bolshevik! on
I the other, and Diobablv have in view
ftn arrangement assuring thsm .tran-
qulllity 0n their northern boundary.
Navy Budget foy
Coming Year Is
Fixed; Sum Big
vi .siu ,( aj)vpiUiUUII Will ICHLII-
ed today by senate and house conferees.
i no uriKiuui iiuubo diii earned 3t,-
000,000 and the senate about $467,
The conferees agreed on twenty mil
lion dollars for navy aviation, a com
promise between the $15,800,000 voted
1 ythe house and $25,000,000 by the
In lieu of the senate appropriation
ot $1,000,000 to begin work on the
new Pacific coast base In San Fr mcls
co bay, the conferees authorized a con
gressional commission of five senaf"!
and five representatives to Investigate;
available sites on San Francisco bay
and report to congress not later than
Army Kill Also Approved.
Washington, May 27. Complete
agreement on the army reorganization
bill was reached today by house and
Under the measure as agreed upon,
the permanent peace time army will
consist of 280,000 enlisted men and 17,
800 officers, a total of 2979,800, In
cluding Philippine scouts.
Price of Bread
Raised 2 Cents
Effective today, bakers In Salem
raised the price of bread approximate
ly two cents above the former rate.
The whole price now, bakers claim,
Is lemilar to that in Portland, or 10
cents for a one pound lout and 1414
cents for the pound and a half loaf.
Kutall prices in the city now are 13
cents for the pound loaf, and 18 cents
for the 1 V4 pound loaf, as a result of
Local bakers say that they attempt
edto avert the rise, but that for the
past two months increasing costs of
material and labor have to pressed
them that the raise became impera
tive. Coal Miners Plead
Not Guilty; Trial
Set For November
Indianapolis, Ind., May 27. Fifty
seven bituminous coal miners and op
erators who entered pleas of not guil
ty to chargBs of violating section nine
of the Lever act In federal court here
yesterday will be tried November 8,
1920. The men are specifically charged
with conspiracy to limit the production
and distribution of coal and to enhance
the price thereof.
A move is under way to establish a
union high school for the 1 school dis:
tricta around Forest Grove,
Without announcing hia Intention
regarding the treaty of Versailles, the
president declared that the treaty em
bodied the important things omitted by
the resolution, and said hat by reject
ing the treaty, the fnied States had
declared in effect that it wished "to
draw apart and pursue objects and in
terests of our own."
The president added that the peaca
resolution omitted mention of many
Important objects for the vindication
of whioh the United states entered tha
"Such a peace with Germany," th
message continued, "a peace in wtiTCh
none of the essential Interests whioh
we had at heart when we entered tha
war is safeguarded is, or ought to be.
Inconceivable, Inconsistent with tha
dignity of the United States, with tha .
rights and liberties of her citizens and
with the very fundamental conditions
of civilization." .
The president's message follows:
"To the house of representatives:
"I return( herewith, without my
signature, house Joint resolution 837,
Intended to repeal the Joint resolutia
ot April 6, 1917, declaring a state (
war to exist between the United State '
and Germany, and the joint resolution
ot December 7, 1917, declaring a state
of war to exist between tha United
States and the Austro-Hungarian gov
ernment, and to declare a state of
peace. I have not felt at liberty to
sign this joint resolution because I can
not bring myself to become party tu
an action which would place inefface
able stain upon the gallantry and hon
or of the United States. The resolu
tion seeks to establish peace with tne
German empire without exacting from
the German government any action
by way of' setting right tha Infinite
wrongs which it did to the peoples
whom It attacked and whom wa pro
fess it our purposs to assist when wa
entered the war,
Would Discount Sucrlflos.
"Have we sacrificed the Uvea of
more than 100,000 Americans and ruin
ed the lives of thousands of othora and
brought upon thousands of American
families an unhapptness that can nev
er end for purposes which wa do not
now care to state or take further step)
to attain 7 The attainment ot theaa
purposes Is provided for In he treaty
of Versailles by terms deemed ade
quate by the leading statesmen and
experts of all the great peoples who
were associated In the war against
Germany. Do we now not cars to Join
in the effort to secure thorn T
"We entered the war most reluctant
ly. Our people were profoundly dis
inclined to take part In a European
war, and at last did s'n, only becau
they became convinced that It could
not in truth be regarded as only a Eur
opean war, but must be regarded asa,
war in which civilization Itself was In
volved and human rights of every kind
as Against a belligerent government.
Moreover, when we entered tha war
we et forth very definitely the pur
poses for which wo entered, partly be
cause we did not wih to be consider
ed as merely taking part In a Euro
pean contest. This Joint resolution
which I return does not seek to ao
compllfth any of these objects, but In
effect makes a complete surrender of
the rights of the United States so far
as the German government la con
cerned. A treaty of peace was signed
at Versailles on the 28th of June last,
which did seek to accomplish the ob
jects which we had declared to be In
our minds, because all the great gov
ernments and people which united
against Germany had adopted our
declarations of purpose as their own
and, had in solemn form embodied
them in communications to tha Ger
man government preliminary to the
armistice of November 11, 191S. ISnt
the treaty as signed at Versailles ha
been rejected by the senate of the Uni
ted States, though It has ben ratified
by Oermany. lly that rejeotlon and
by It smethods we had In effect de
clared that we wish to draw apart and
pursue objects and Interests of oar
own, unhampered by any csnnectfoiw
of Interest or of purpose with other
governments and peoples.
Meulx Are Kiibmergcd.
"Notwithstanding the fact that upon
our entrance Into the war we profesnMt
to be seeking to asilst In the main
tenance of common Interests nothing ht
said In this resolution about the free
dom of navigation upon the seaa, or
the reduction of armaments, of tha
vindication of the rights of Belgium,
or the rectification of wrongs dona to
France, or the release of the Christian
populations of the Ottoman empire
from the intolerable sufijugatloit
which they have had for so many gen
erations to endure, or the establish
ment of an Independent Polish state,
or the continued maintenance of aajf
kind of understanding among the great
piwers of the world which would B
calculated to prevent In the future
such outrages as Germany attempted,
and In part consummated. We havo
now in effect declared that we do not
care to take further risks or to assume
any further responsibilities with re
gard to the freedom of nations or th
sacredness of international obligations
or the safety of independent people.
.Such a peace with Germany a peaca
In which none of the essential interett
which we had at heart when we en
(Continued on page ioutj