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About Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980 | View Entire Issue (April 5, 1920)
Oregon: Tonight and TiKsuay Show
ers, colder tonight east portion. Kres'
southerly to Westerly wir.ds.
Local Min. temperature 44, max.
62, mean 45. Rainfall .OS inches. Riv
er 6.4 feet, stationary.. ,
FORTY-THIRD YEAR. NO. 82. .
Average for Si Months ending
March 31, 1S20 4
Member of Audit Bureau of Circulation
Associated Press Full Leased Wire
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, APRIL 5, 1920.
PRICE 2 CENTS.
Middle West Fruit is Destroyed by Blizzard
Jefferson City. Mo., Apr. S. The
blizxard which swept Missouri yester
day, destroyed the entire peach, apple,
cherry and plum crop, causing losses
n( millions of dollars, according to In
formation received by the state board
of agriculture today.
New Orleans, ' La., Apr. ' . The
Louisiana strawberry crop Is seriously
threatened by the predicted frost to
night, according to the local weather
Joplin, Mo., Apr. 6. Low tempera
tut res that acocmpanled Sunday's bill
iard will cut down the size of south
west Misouri's peach and apple crops
this year, J. 1 H. Mote, farm agent
of Jasper county, said today.
Cold Wave Spreads..
Washington, Apr. 6. The eastern
storm which buried the southwest ana
middle west under a snow blanket was
speradlng today with a cold wave en
veloping virtually all,territory between
the Appalachian and the Rock moun
Rain or snow late today and freezing
temperaturestonight were forecast for
the territory east of the Appalachians.
Krost and freezing temperatures, the
bureau said, are probable tonight in
the east Gulf states, north and wesl of
(leargla, extreme north Florida, Ten
nessee and the Ohio valley.
Freezings temperatures prevailed to
day as farouth as th Interior of Tex
as and the north portions of Louisiana,
Mississippi and Alabama. The Ohio
valley storm of yesterday, according to
the weather bureau had divided today
and forme two centers of disturbance,
one to the northward of Lake Ontario
and the other over Virginia.
Rxceptlng in the Atlantic and New
England states generally fair weather
tonight and Tuesday was predicted by
the weutfcer bureau.
Sunshine Start Thaw.
Kansas City, Mo., Apr. 6. Sunshine
sifter the storm, the most severe on
record for April in the southwest, is re
sulting in a general thaw today.
Not only was the April snowfall rec
ord for the southwest broken by the
Faster blizzard but the storm resulted
in the lowest April temperature on
record in the southwest, according to
the weather bureau here. Topeka re
ported the lowest temperature, 14 de
srees. A killing frost, the local fore
caster said, was eneral over Oklahoma,
northern Texas and northern Louisi
ana this morning.
Horticultural authorities reported
considerable damage to the fruit.
peaches, apricots and plums suffering
The fruit and berry business in Ma
rion county, and the entire Willam
ette valley, will be, greatly benefitted
as a result of the destruction of Crop
in Missouri and Luolsiana, If as ser
ious as Indicated by press dispatcher,
Prof. C. I. Lewis, of , the Oregon drov.
ers Cooperative association, said this
afternoon. The loss, of the crops . It.
those states, which are - considered
some of the largest strawberry, black
berry and other berry producers In
the middle west, will compell eastern
markets to turn to the west for ber
ries, he explained, naturally creating
& greater sale for berries and fruits
Goes To California
Silverton, April 6. Glenn W. Loor.-,
is. who has been employed In the Sil
verton Appeal office for a number of
years, will leave In a fewdays for Ca'
ifornia where he has secured a posi
tion as foreman of an office owned
y C. M. Bell, formerly owner of the
Hoodburn Independent. Mr. Lodmls
was employed bV Mr,
was In Woodburn,
Bell while he!
1'nder the direction of a millinery
expert sent but by the Oregoh Agri
cultural college extension department
'lie women of North Bend are reduc
)K the high cost of living by making
Ihelr own hats.
Perjury and Doctored
Evidence Are Charged
By Socialist Committee
York, Apr. 8. Charges of per
Jurp testimony and a doctored record
in the trial of the five socialists expell
ed last week from the New York as
sembly were contained in a statement
'wued by the national executive com
mittee of the socialist party.
"The closing hours of the shameful
Proceedings at Albany, where the
r liquor accompanied the com
mission of the crime, have awakened
many thousands to the danger which
' war crazed reaction has brought to
le nation," read the statement, which
was headed "The New York Revolu
in. After asserting assembly mem
rs who voted to suspend knew noth
'g regarding the charges and voted at
orders of their party leaders, the
"A trial followed which was reminls
of the black days of the Inquisi
I r oops
Bishop Hughes Die
Funeral To Be Held
Portland, Or., April 5. Funeral services for the late Bishop
Matthew S. Hughes, who died suddenly in Cleveland Sundav. will
be held here next Saturday morning, it was announced here today.)
Dr. William W. Youngson, acting in behalf of the widow, tele-
flrfQ nh CkA 4-nrl n.r D:nl.Aw. PJ.:. TT 1 I tl I .
'"i'ulu iwjr w uiauuy iuwiii
me ooay 10 tnis city.
Assuming that the body will reach
this city Friday night, services will be
held here Saturday morning. Inter
ment will be in the Jason Lee ceme
tery at Salem Saturday afternoon.
Cleveland, O., April 5. Bishop
Matthew W..SImsoii Huhges of Port
land, Or., died at- a hotel here yes
terday of pneumonia from which he
had been ill since Friday He had been
on a lecture tour since October, spend
ing last week addressing Lenten
He was born in West Virginia 67
year ago. Previous to being ordained
a Methodist bishop In 1916, Bishop
Hughes had held pastorates at Grin
nell, Iowa, .Portland, Maine, Minne
apolis. Kansas City . and Pasadena
Bishop E. A. Hughes of Boston, s
brother of the dead bishop, Is expect
ed to attend the memorial services
held here. '
Bishop Hughes had been suffering
from a severe cold for some weeks.
Last week he was advised to take a
rest, but declined to cancel his Cleve
land engagements. He becam serious
ly 111 Friday noon. Eastr services in
local MethodlBt churches were turned
suddenly into memorials for Bishop
Hughes, who had been scheduled to
deliver Easter sermons in thr3e
Of Union Strike
Silverton, Or., Apr. 5. At a recent
meeting of the Loyal Legion of Log
gers and Lumbermen held here M. C.
Woddard openly announced that the
Usilver Falls Timber company would re
fuse to recognize or tolerate the Tim
ber Workers' union, which has already
become quite popular In Silverton.
Acting upon this decision four mem
bers of the union were let out Friday
night. From Information given out by
other members of the union the cir
cumstance is likely to cause a walkout
of 40 or more timber workers from
the mill and camps. The Timber.
Workers' union was organized In Sil
verton several weeks ago and there Is
said to be a membership at the present
time of more than fifty.
The trouble started when W. Copple,
an employe Of the Silverton Lumber
company, was discharged for his al
leged agitation. Copple took the mat
ter up with the labor commission and
upon suggestion of Labor Commission
er Graham, who came here to Investi
gate the situation, the foreman of the
lath mill put Copple back on the job.
The following day the . foreman, Mr.
Copple and another member of the
crew were' sent to the- office to get
their time. Since then all members
of the union have been up In arms and
a general walkout Is looked for at any
time according to statements made
yesterday on the streets
Team Shows Good
Showing up exceedingly well In the
initial game recently the Lewis-Rupert
O. 8. P. 1920 ball club bids fair to have
one of the best teams ever organized la
the state's prison'. The team, organ
ized by "Red" Rupert, one of the con
victs, and backed by Warden Louis H.
Compton and Deputy Wrarden Lewis,
is claimed by the Inmates at the penl-
tentlary to be the best ever formed
within the high gray walls.
As the players practice from day to
day behind the walls they are looking
forward to games with outside teams.
Rupert says that while his players may
'all short at first he expects that they
will win a majority of all games play
tion," and "that perjured testimony
was Introduced and refused by unim
peachable witnesses." . The statement
also declared the record was "doc
tored" for consumption of newspaper
"For many weary years," the state
ment continued, "the socialist' party
had contended with the criminal prac
tices Of the politicians in elections.
Our voters have been brutally slugged
at the polls. Having beaten the eleven
thugs and crooks in five districts, in
some of them over the combined oppo
sition of the two majority parties, our
assemblymen have been ousted Illegal
ly. . "A republican form of government,
guaranteed by section 4 of article 4 of
the constitution of the United States,
bas been abolished by. usurping oligar
chy at the capitol in Albany."
On Tour of Easn'Chicago Yard
In Salem Saturday . .1 n 1.
xiuguea, a uruwier, iu accompany 1
Danish Crisis Is '
New A greement today by the spread 01
"6' ""M,"M','1lzed strike of switchm
Copenhagen, April S. An agree
ment to end the general strike which
resulted In forcing King Christian to
dismiss the Llebe cabinet has been
reached by employers and workmen.
The strike weapon now1 has been
employed with surprising effect it.
two important constitutional crises.
The first was in Germany, where the
reactionary government set up by Dr.
Wolfgang Kapp was forced to relin
quish pewer at the end of five days.
The success of the strike in this cour-
try was almost as speedy.-
By Women May
Recover is Report
Taconvt, Wash., April 5. County
Prosecutor William D. Askren, shct
Saturday night by a woman whom he
charges was Mrs. JuliaSmith, wis
resting easier this morning after a
restless night. His physicians said he
has a good chance to recover. They
expect the crisis in his condition to
come in the next 24 hours. Askren'r
lung was pierced with the bullet
Mrs. Smith, who is held In the city
jail on an open charge, refused to
talk today. She reiterated she knew
nothing of the shooting and would
answer no questions. She was recent
ly convicted' of perfojf.iing an illegal
operation, and was to have gone t .
Walla Walla penitentiary this week.
Askren was prosecutor in the case.
The police said they hud iounfl
where an automobile had stopped on
the banks of the Puyallup river near
here, with foot traces leading to the
water. They took the shoes worn by
Mrs. Smith and they fit the tracks,
they said. The police think Mrs. Smit'.
threw away the revolver and the
clotheB she wore. Mr. Askhen, In his
statement, said the woman had o.i
The police also said they had found
automoVile tracks on an unpaved
street near the Askren home and they
correspond exactly with the tires on
Mrs. Smith's car.
The Sulem delegation from the Sa
lem Rotary club to the annual con
ference of Rotary , clubs at Victoria,
B. C, arrived there safely "and so
ber," Sunday, according to a message
received from them today. The con
ference Is scheduled to begin today,
and continue over Tuesday.
The Salem delegation, which fot
lows, Is perhaps one of the largest to
attend the conference: Otto Hartmar,
C. B. Clancey, Homer Smith, Mr. and
Mrs. H, S. Oile, Mr. and Mrs. T. B
Kay, Mr, and Mrs. Frank Myers and
John W. Todd.
The message received this morn
ing from the Salem Rotarians attend
ing the meeting follows:
Victoria, B. C. Capital Journal, Sa
lem. Sale mdelegatlon arrived safe
and sober; quite at home In regular
Oregon weather. Very large delega
tions here from all Rotary clubs in which has branded the strike as "ille
northwest district and many more gal' 'and ln violation of the men's
coming. Wonderful cooperation shown ; agreement with the roads, has taken
by Victoria business men in thorough
decoration of city. "Homer and Otto
lost at .church time. Salem Rotary
Of Hoover Launch
. Great Falls, Mont, April 6. The
Herbert C. Hoover campaign fur
nomination upon the republican tick
et for president in the republican pri
maries April 2S, was launched today,
J. W. Sherwood of Great Falls belns
announced as manager of the Hoovei
campaign for the state. Mr. Sherwood
is manager of the Royal Milling com
pany, with headquarters in Great
Falls, and announces that an active
and aggressive publicity campaign
will be put on until the close of the
This Is the second republican pres
idential candidate with headquarters
in Great Falls, Fletcher Maddox of
this city being manager of the Leon
ard Wood campaign for the state.
Amid the din of fire sirens, auto
mobile horns, church bells and mill
whistles, the Baker Y. M. C. A. ini
tiated a four days drive for $30,071
ijl Tl iC C H 3. 1 1 S
Chicago, April S. Train service
throughout the Chicago district, al
though seriously crippled by a heavy
snowstorm, virtually was demoralized
to reports from the eleven railroads
Fearing possible riots, John J. Gar
rity, chief of police, early today
'placed the entire police force In re
serve. Five hundred" jolicemen pa
trolled the switch yards last night, he
Mr. Garrity said the sltuatkTn was
serious and added that "it may be
necessary to call 'but the militia and
declare military control In the i ab
2,500 Switchmen Out
Approximately 2,500 switchman
were out at midnight, according to
strike leaders and the general man
agers association, representing the
railroads. The Strikers asserted that
nine thousand men would be affectel
today and predicted a "complete , tie
up of. freight traffic and serious im
pairment of interurban service."
After a long-conference with reprj
sentatives of the Brotherhood of Rail
way Trainmen, with which the
switchmen are affiliated and the
Switchmen's Union of North America,
the General Managers association id-
sued declaration that there would be
"no compromise" with the strikers.
"Sixty percent of the switch en
gines in Chicago are out of service,"
said the managers statement. ,"This
has been caused by an outlaw organ
ization which has presented demands
for rates of pay that already had beesi
presented to the railroad organiza
tions by the Brotherhood of Railway
Trainmen and the Switchmen's Union
of North America.
"These demands are being handled
by the wage conferem.- at Washing
ton and must under the transporta
tion act be concluded before the labor
board yet-to- b enamed by .the
The statement added that all rail
roads centering here have contracts
with the striking switchmen.
Officials of the two big unions have
declared the strike "illegal," ordered
the men to return to work and are
operating with the rail heads in at
tempting to break the strike.
The demands of the "outlaw" or
ganization the recently formed Chica
go Yardsmen's Association, are:
Foremen of all yard and transfer
engines $1 an hour; yard helpers 95c
cents an hour: switch tenders $5 a
day for attending not more than thr?e
switches; helpers rate of pay to app'y
at 95 cents an hour; time and a halt
for overtime, Sundays and all legal
holidays, and where they are required
to work more than eight hours on
Sunday or legal holidays double time
for all time exceeding eight hours.
Chicago, Apr. 5. Fifty thousand
stockyards employes will be thrown
out of work tonight as a result of the
Urike of switchmen in the Chicago
railroad yards, officials of the packing
companies announced this morning.
Five thousand were laid off when they
reported for work today and others
will follow as soon as the small re
ceipts of animals on hand are disposed
of. . Only 3600 cattle, 6000 hogs and
600 sheep reached the stockyards to
day, as compared to receipts of 40,000
hogs alone a year ago. '
An embargo on all express ship
ments was announced this morning by
the American Railway Express com
pany. Officials said the blizzard yes
terday, combined with the switchmen's
strike, had made it Impossible to move
tears In the local ards.
A. F. Whitney, vice-president of the
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen,
personal charge of the efforts to break
ihe walkout. Brotherhood men from
jther cities began arriving here thi
morning in response to Whitney's ap
peal for union "strike breakers," and
union officials hope to have enough at
work by night to keep essential busi
Aged Man Bruised
When Hit By Auto
A. Q. Boesser, 81, who recently came
to this city from Portland, sustained
severe bruises necessitating his con
finement ln the Deaconesss hospital,
when he was struck Sunday night by
a machine driven by W. E. Bunn,
Route 8, Salem. According to a repott
made to police by Mr. Bunn he was
driving south on Commercial street,
and turned east on Court, when Mr.
Boesser stepped from the curb In" front
of the auto. The fender struck him in
the leg. knocking him to the pavement.
Aided by Mr. Bunn he was taken
to his room over the Home Restaurant,
22$ North Commercial street, and a
physician was summoned. Boesser
was later removed to the hospital. (
SMITH GRANTED LEAVE
Dr J. N. Smith, superintendent of
the state Institution for feeble minded,
has been granted a leave of absence br
the state board of control and left Fri
day night for California. Dr. W. H.
Eyrd of Salem will have charge of the
Institution during Dr. Smith's absence.
A Vft Vt U A
vance Into Germany
Disclaims Part In
Revolt In Mexico
Paris, April Francisco, De La
Barra, former provisional president of
Mexico denied knowledge of the procla
mation issued Friday at Agua Preita,
Mexico, announcing the establishment
of a new united government in that
When informed by the Associated
Press that the proclamation was re
ported to have been -signed by him, he
said: "If such a document exists, it Is
De La Barra Is busily occupied In
Paris as counsel for British, American
and French banks. He is an expert
in international law., -
Boy Burglars of
Lodi, Cal. Taken
By Police Here
Isaac Baumbach, 17, and Helmutt
Otto, 18, who confessed to police the
burglary of Leonard Slbel's home .In
Lodi, Cal., last Friday night and the
theft of $150, are being held In the city
Jell here today pending receipt of word
trom Lodi officials. The youths were
arrested when they arrived here this
morning on train No. 18 from Califor
nia, by Traffic Officer Moffltt.
The arrest of the boys followed the
receipt of word from Baumbach's
father, Henry Baumbach of Lodi, this
morning asking that the boys be-ap4
prehended. Armed with the telegram
Officer Moffltt boarded the train at
depot and brought the boys to jail.
Baumbach and Otto claim that they
ran away to go to Portland, and being
hort of funds they jimmied the win
dow In Slbel's residence open, entered
lle bedroom and there found the mon
ey.. When arrested they had $11.68 In
their pockets. They say that they wrote
i letter to Mr. Slbel Btating that they
were going to work in Portlands make
the money, and return It to him.
Detroit, Mich,, April 6. Early vot
ing ln the Michigan primary today
was evidently affected by the Easter
storm, the -turnout of voters general
ly being lighter than expected.
While expectations of clearing
weather in some industrial centers
gave promise of brisker voting this
afternoon, other points reported snow
flurries still prevailing. Some country
highways were piled with snow.
Detroit, Mich., Apr. 6. Mlch.-gan
voters were today registering their pref
erence for presidential nomination,
with 1$ candidates seven republicans,
five democrats and one socialist seek-,
An exceptlortally heavy vote was in
prospect notwithstanding that a large
portion of the state was covered with
two to six' Inches of snow. Vigorous
campaigns made by several of the can
didates and hotly contested municipal
Issues In nearly all the larger' cities
were counted upon by campaign man
agers to bring most of the voters to
Confidence ln the out come was ex
pressed by the headquarters of Govern
or Frank O. Lowden, MajdT General
Leonard Wood and Senator Hiram A.
Johnson, all of whom nade extensive
campaign tours. Other republican can
didates were General Pershing, Senator
Miles Polndexter and William G, Simp
son of Detroit. Herbert Hoover's name
appeared both on the republican and
Attorney General Palmer was the
only democrat to campaign through
the state, others named oh that tick
et being William G. McAdoo, William
J. Brvan and Oovernor Edwards of
Eugene V. Debs was the socialist
Silverton, Or., Apr. 6. When E. C.
Olsen purchased the Edna J. Brown
property on the corner of Main ana
Water streets a few days ago he put a
pudden end to condemnation proceed
ings Instituted by the city of Silverton
against the former owner of the prop
erty to get possession of twenty feet
of unoccupied land between the corner
of the building and Main street.
The city has instituted proceedings
several times ln an effort to get a title
of this piece of land, but each time the
courts rendered a decision ln favor of
the defendant. When the city charter
was amended several months ago pro
visions wre made for the condemn
t!on of land necessary for public pur
poses and under this act the council
recently started a new case which was
pending at the time the building and
lots were sold.
Now Mr. Olsen has offered to donate
the land to the city and In return the
council will erect a rest room and band
sta-nd on the portion of a lot unoccu
pied. The matter will be taken at the
meeting of the council this evening.
Figures on house construction at
Corvallls show that a house wnlch
cost $3000 in 1915 would cost $7S00
If built now.
Rhineland Towns As Act
Paris, April 5. French trooris commanded bv General De
Goutte, which are stationed along the Rhine are prepared to enter
German territory this morning, according to the Wiesbaden cor
respondent of the Matin. It is reported that the French govern
ment has decided to occupy cities
as a reprisal for the movement of
uie neutrai zone ii.xea py tne versaiiies treaty. - No official an
nouncement has been made of such an order, however.
Newpapera continue to discuss the
situation resulting from the entry of
German government troops ln the
Ruhr basis, and the Petit Parlslen de
clares the indications given by the Ger
man note concerning these forces do
not correspond with the information
received by Marshal Foch. Demand Is
made by the Journal that the expenses
of the occupation be borne by the Ger
mans, and it is suggested that critics
occupied be ' taxed to make up this
British Refuse Aid.
The British government will decline
to co-operate in the occupation . of
Frankfort, Darmstadt and other Ger
man cities, according to the London
correspondent of the Petit Parisen, but
will he says favorably view the action
of France, realizing the importance of
the situation. '
In theo southern part of the Ruhr
district, says the Echo De Parts the
German government troops have ad
vanced without resistance, but have
encountered serious opposition In the
central portion of the Ruhr basin, two
hundred persons having been killed in
a fight near DuLsburg, according to In
formation reaching this city.
Paris, Apr. 6. The utmost secrecy
if being maintained ln official circles
concerning the nature of the "military
precautions," which Premier Millerand
has Instructed Marshal Foch to, take
In the Rhine occupation zone. A ru
mor was current In Paris this after
noon that Goneral Degoutte's army be
gan moving from Mayence and Wets
baden upon Franktourt this morning,
but the war office refused either to
confirm or deny the report.
All officers and soldiers on Easter
holiday leaves have been ordered to
join their units Immediately.
France has four classes of men
those of from 1918 to 1919 inclusive
still underarms, or about 700,000 men.
No other class has been recalled and
no effort made to Increase the effec
tives besides the cancellation of all
All Up to Foch.
Paris, Apr. 6. French military
measures destined to force the German
government to withdraw Its troops
from the Ruhr basin are now entirely
ln the hands of Marshal Foch It was
.said at the foreign office today.
It Is advanced ln some well Informed
quarters that occupation of Krankfort,
Darmstadt, Homburg and Hanau Is un
likely to exercise sufficient pressu.
upon the Germans, since they may well
argue that this occupation Is distaste
ful to the French as well as to them
selves, and cannot continue Indefinite
ly. On the other hand, the expense
cf the operation comes up as a vital
question in the present state of French
finances. The newspapers recall war
tributes Imposed by German troops up
on French and Belgian cities and sug
gest similar measures being applied to
Herman cities occupied by French
No News Censored.
Dispatches from Wiesbaden saying
that General De Goutte's forces are un
der "alert" orders are explained as not
necessarily meaning an Immediate ad
vance, but complete readiness to move
forward unless Berlin promptly recalls
the troops which have entered the
Ruhr district against protests from
No censorship has been established
here on news of the intended opera
lion, but since the matter is now en
tirely ln the hands of Marshal Foch
communications from the nrmv nrnh.
.i.iv uiii'h. ..... jj -.i.u .u- i
precautions, although the operation I4
not considered on a basis of war.
Hun ReivrtH Doubled.
The latest Information reaching the
foreign office confirms its belief that,
despite the assurance officially given
by the Germans that only a very limit
ed number of troops had been sent to
the Ruhr, In reality the number
amounts to an army of forty thousand
All Information from the country
oorderlng on the Ruhr basis, it was
laid at the foreign office today, tends
to prove there was no necessity of
sending an army Into the Ruhr, as the
workers and communists were ex-
Jerusalem, April 5. One hundred and eighty eight casual
ties, mostly slight, occurred as a result of a conflict her on Easter
Sunday. The military are in control of the situation. v
Montesano, Wash., April 5. Hearing on a motion for a newr
trial for the seven I. W. W. convicted here March 13 of second
degree murder for the slaying of Warren O. Grimm in Centralia
Armistice Day started at 10 o'clock this morning.
Washington, April 5.-Two women picketing the British em
bassy today, advocating freedom for Ireland, were arrected by the
police. The women arrested were Miss Mollie Carroll of New York
and Mrs. Harry Walker of Astoria, Long Island. "
Dusseldorf, April 1. (By The Associated Press). The reich
wehr troops occupied Mulheim, east of Duisburg today, the reds
retreating to Esseti to the south. The reichwehr are marching on
i Essen. t .
on the rieht bank of the Rhine
German government troops into
hausted and without money, food or
ammunition. Confirmatory informa
tion has also been received that the
movement in the industrial region w
not bolshevik in - nature, although
many aliens were involved, and was
Of Fiume Status
Rome, April S. Acceptance ot
President Wilson's settlement of the
Adriatic problem was first seriously
discussed when Premier Nlttl was in
London to attend the conference with
the heads of allied powers, accord
ing to newspapers here.
: When a critical situation arose
through President Wilson's refusal to
accept the compromise suggested bjr
France and England, it Is said, the Ital
ian government realized that adoption
of any other alternative would leave
It merely, the pact of London, which
would have meant that Flume must he
handed over to Croatia. Italians are
most anxious, above all to safeguard
the Italian status of Flume, which, it
Is asserted, is much better protected by
President Wilson's settlement than by
the London treaty. The only substan
tial difference between President Wil
son's project and the Anglo-French
compromise is that the latter admits ol
territorial continuity between the etata
of Flume and Italy through narrow
strop along the coast. It Is pointed out
While President Wilson's plan refuses
(.his an understanding seems possible It
some modification Is introduced.
Jugo slavia, It 1 understood, ot
poses President ' Wilson's suggestion
more strongly than the Italians, which
makes It difficult for Premier Nlttl to
solve the question through a frlendlj
accord With the Jugb-Slavs which he
earnestly hopes to reach at the Sai
Remo conference. . '
In Salem District
A. B. Black, assistant entomologist
at the college, has been Investigating
the thrips situation ln the orchards
about Salem and reports that the pest
is not serious enough at this time to
warrant a special spray. The tree
have passed the stage most sensitive
to harm by the pest. ,
In the prune districts few thrip
were evident but with Increased num
bers In the lower places. The orchard
at the state hospital were found to con
tain the largest number of the Insect
"It is possible," said Mr. Black,
"that the thrips are Just beginning to
emerge and If so a few warm day
would bring them forth In large num
bers. "In case more appear, enough t
warrant spraying, this should be dona
just before the time of the pink spray
The snrav recommended by Mr.
Black Is two gallons of mlsclble oil No.
I 5 nd 1 9-4 nints of black leaf "40" to
S00 gallons of water. This Is best but
any heavy oil used In dormant sprays
may be used. .
If a second spray Is heeded the time
( f application is at the time the shuck
full from the fruit. This will prote-t
the current year fruit and also destroy
the young Insects that would be active)
the following spring.
Edinburgh, Scotland, March $
Rufus Fleming, American corurat
here Is dead. He was 87 years old.