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About Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980 | View Entire Issue (March 17, 1920)
THE CAPITAL JOURNAL
U.S. Must be
New York. Mar. 17. Herbert Hoov
r today issued a statement in which
he had modified his opinion, expresseu
in a. letter to President Wilson last
April, that the United States should
not be represented on the various
boards provided to enforce peace in
Europe. He now favors this country.
having a representative on the repara
tions commission in order that Amer
ican Interests may be protected. He
protests against the publication of his
letter to President Wilson on the
ground that it was not issued from the
White House and he had not consented
to its publication.
The statement follows: i
"1 have seen In some of this morn
ing's papers a copy of a memorandum
of mine thot was prepared In the
course of the peace conference on the
subject of our ; participation in the
large number of international com
missions set up in Europe. As to the
views expressed in the memorandum,
they were later modified as to the par-,
ticular of our having a representative
on tho reparation commission itself
because of the large economic control
finally given to It over a great part of
Europe and the complete necessity of
the United States to be represented
thereon at once in order to protect
Publicity N'ot Authorized.
"Regardless of any personal point of
view In this matter there Is to me
nothing that is such a breach of good
taste, or. the. very foundations of re
lations among government officials ns
for them to issue to the press corre
spondence that may have passed be
tween them and their superiors in the
course of their service without appro-1
val on both sides. I am Informed it
was not Issued from the White House.
It U scarcely necessary for me to say
that it was not released by me and
thiit n searching Inquiry in my own
office satisfies me that It tins not come
from my staff."
In his letter to 1 President Wilson
published today Mr. Hoover expressed
opposition to the continuance of the
United States as a member of the vari
ous comissions set up under the peace
treaty, saying that such allies relation
ship could only lead to vast difficulty
and militate against the league of na
tlonsi Representation of the United
States on the commissions, he said,
would mean the country lending itself
to the political and financial Interests
of other governments during peace, "a
pituatlon that must be entirely repul
sive to our national Interests, tradi
tions and Ideals." He added that he
was not sure that the revolution in
Kurope was over and that "our people
tire not prepared for us to undertake
the military policing of Europe while
it bolls itself out."
Honor at Stake.
The letter concluded:
"It grow upon mo dally that the
UnlUd Stntes la the one great moral
reserve In the world todny and that
we cannot maintain Independence of
action through which this resorve Is
to be maintained If we allow ourselves
to be dragged Into detailed European
entanglements over a period of yea.
In my views, If the allies can .
brought to adopt peace on the basis ot
the fourteen points, we should lend n
the whole world our economic and
moral strength or the world will swim
In sea of misery and disaster worse
thnn the dark ages. If they cannot be
brought to accept peace on this basis,
our national honor is at stake and we
"noma nave to make peace Independ
ently and retire."
Salem Invited To
Attend Big Trade
Meet In 'Frisco
The Salem Commercial Club, In
letter from the Portland Chamber of
Commerce today, is invited to partici
pate in the Seventh Annual National
Foreign Trade Council meeting in San
Francisco May 2. Manager T. E.
MeCroskey is instructed In the letter
to secure the names of those wlsum
to attend, and to make reservation on
cards provided for that purpose.
The Portland Chamber, according to
the letter, is sending 150 delegates.
They will leave there on the "Oregon
Special" at 11:45 p. in. May $, arriv
ing In San Francisco on the morning
of May IS. Hotel Pellevue In the Bay
City has been reserved for the Oregon
The trade council meeting Is called
for the purpose of striving to open
greater markets for American prod
ucts in foreign lands, and the benefit
Salem will derive from such a meeting
is held great.
Say The American
Methods Are Poor
. Santiago, Chile, March HI. Chilean
merchants complnnln of delays in do
livery of goods ordored from tho
'nlted States and that In some enscs
their orders are not filled by North
American manufacturers, because tho
United States does not use the metri
cal system of measures.
Some Chlleuans declare that. In
stead of consulting the wishes and
peculiarities of the Chilean market,
the American seems Inclined to soli
only what h has to offer and to im
As evidence, of this situation the
Chileans cito the rase of a firm of
wholesale -dealers who placed In the
United StateB a larger order for light
summer wear textiles which wers
heeded here in December. They
paid SO percent on -account and after
awaiting shipment wers advised that
It could not be made before the end
nf Jnmiaary. This cost that firm its
rZ Tha Chll"' y that
no i explanations can condone that.
. , . , wPrlnt BI)(,r bUNn(wl , d(1.
clare have been completely taken
ftway from tho United States by Nor
weglan competitors because the
Ame-lcsns cannot guarantee deliver
ies nor prices.
One firm of Iron founders placed a
if order for material of various
qualities and dimensions and two
months later received advices that tha
,""" c"ma not be shipped as the
manufacturers could deliver goods
-..-r iv approximate metrical measure
ments. There Is some complaint that there
seems to be no system in the North
American export business and that
the sellers have lost sight of the prln-t-lple
that the buyer is not forced to
buy unless he choc that he has
opportunity for choice and win buy
whs- ... obtains satisfaction In qual
ity, delivery and credits.
Chile Imports about 1150,000 000
worth of goods annually and. now
that the nitrate export trade is boom
ing, there is an active market here for
machinery for nniv. enterprises. Bteel
end Iron for public works and rail
roads, iron for privato industry
petroleum, textiles, sugar and auto-i
Insane are Panned
by Stanford Head
fhlnnmv Mnrch 1 Tha RltltAtlnn
of American hospitals for the insane
was termed "truly terrible" by Dr.
Pnv T.vman ' Wtlhiir rtrAKltnt ttf
Stanford University, In an address he
delivered here today at the Annual
Congress of Medical Education.
teaching hospitals in every large city
in the country. Dr. Wilbur had this to
say of the hospitals for the Insane:
"We put tens of thousands of the
mentally sick into great isolated in
stitutions. . largely without medical
students or traalnlng schools for
nurses. Though competent adminis
trators we care for them reasonably
well, but we bnve Unrned nnrl nrA
learning but little of mental diseaases.
"The ignorance of the averae?
medical man of psychology and nsy-
i-iimu-y ih puiiuui. livery sucn nos-
Dltal should he a Uva nntlmluttn non.
ter for study nnd jiot a pen for the
lingering care of the hopeless or semi
honeless. We rnnnnt think if mnrii.
cal education in the future without
bringing the stimulus of the student
to all such hospitals and likewise
bringing one such hospital, into the
closest of contact with every medical
"Perhaps with the establishment nf
such conditions we can gradually
place the decisions upon the questions
of mental conditions In the hands of
physicians Instead of In those of un
trained Judges and emotional Jurors."
Dr. Wilbur said thnt "enmmnnitu
welfare depends upon the engineer
ana pnyslclnn more than the politic
ian, tie suggested that the stato
foster the study of the causes of
disease to reduce the heavy burden of
"sickness, weakness and mental un
soundness." Hut he rnntlnnuri
ing the period immediately before us
' finer uiHnsier could come to the
medical education thnn tn it !
all of Us necessary accessories fall
completely into the hands of the
state. The glorv of Anierlcnn
cation lies in the bold initiative of
sucn institutions as Huvard nnd Johns
i-topkins. We may look ahead to a
domocratlo state with governing
bodies and a public wise enough to
provide leadership in medicine, but
for several mmointlniiM .-
safely trust the future of medical
euucation to the chance of politics.
"The safety of the state university
medical schools will come from the
active presence of those Independent
ly endowed setting the standards."
When the existing medical institu
tions of all sorts become centers of
education of pno form or another, Dr.
Wilbur said, "we envy the physical
comfort and happiness of the race."
Declarations of .
Are Filed Today
John A. Jeffrey. 414 McKay bloc.,
Portland, today filed with the secre
tary of state"! office here Hfs nominat
ing petition as a candidate for the
democratic nomination for district at
torney for Multnomah county. Jef
frey declares that he is independent of'
all cliques and faction" and promises
to "fearlessly and honestly enforce the
Elwood Washington of Hammond,
Ind. intimation of . whose desire to
serve as vice-president of the United
States, was received In a letter to the
secretary of state's of fie several days'
ago, today filed his formal nominating I
pettilon as a candidate for the republi-i
can nomination. Washington's cam
paign card declares that his is the first
of his name to be presented before a
national political convention since the
first president of the nation.
Other candidates filing today were:
W. H. Brooks ot Ontario, republi
can, candidate for delegate to the na
tional republican convention from the
second congressional district, Brooke
declares for a "return to the principles
of Washington, Lincoln, McKinley and
P. J. Gallagher, Ontaria, republican
candidate for re-election as represent
ative from the twenty seventh legisla
Noble Andrews, Myrtle Creek, re
publcan, candidate for nomination for
representative from Douglas county.
Long Residence On
Farm Is Ended
By Grim Reaper
Death ended a residence of 81 years
in the old home on the Murphy dona
tion land claim, nine miles east of Sa- j
lem, Tuesday afternoon when Mrs. ;
Margaret A. .Frances died following a
lingering illness. '-Mrs. Frances was
born on the old farm (1 years ago,
and has spent all her life there. The j
funeral will be held at the chapel of j
the Rlgdon & Son company at i p. w. I
Mrs. Frances Is survived by four
children, Ray C. Rnmsden, residing on
the farm: Roy J. Ramsden, Portland;
Mrs. Edith Gage. Portland; and Carl
Ramsden of Macleay. A half-sister.
Mamie Hulbert of Portland and three
brothers, W. H Murphy of Buena Via
ta, E. G. Murphy of Whiteman and C.
C. Murphy of Portland, also mourn
Mrs. Frances' first husband. R. H.
Ramsden. died in 1900; and her sec
ond husband, W. H. Frances, died here
and Church Leader
Dies at Shanghai
Shanghai, March It. The Rev. H.
N. Woo, whose death has just occur
red here, voted for President Abra
ham Lincoln and fought with the
Union forces in America's Civil war.!
He was 86 years old. i
He had acquired a smattering 6
English when Perry came to the Far
East in 1854 to negotiate the treaty
between the United States and Japan
and when Perry's fleet returned the
Rev. Woo went with it aboard the
sloop of war Plymouth as a cabin boy.
He saw three years of service in the
war and returned to China in 1863
when the Taiping Rebellion was at
Soon thereafter ' he became asso
ciated with the American church'
mission at Shanghai and in 1866 he
had a large part in establishing what
was known as the tung Jen E. Chu, a
free dispensary fim which has grown
the St. Luke's hospital of today In
Shanghai. He was ordained In 1880
and devoted the rest of his life to the
work of Christianity.
j Goods to Detect
Poison Is Risky
Stanford University, Cal., March 16.
Use your eyes and your nose, and
never under any circumstances 'your
tongue to determine whether any
canned food is fit to eat, is the advice
of Dr. Ernest C. Dickson of the Stan-,
ford Medical School, who Is lnvestl-
gating botulism, the poison which has
recently caused deaths among people
eating canned food products. j
The bacillus of botulism is desroyed
by heat and there will be no danger
from this source if canned foods are
boiled before they are eaten, accord-!
ing to. Dr. Dickson, who said this is
Uft sum and substance of what scl-j
ence can tell the general public for.
its protection. j
Tho Stanford University Medical
School laboratory under Dr. Dickson
in cooperation with the Hooper Med-i
ical Foundation of the University of
California, with Dr. Karl Meyer inj
charge, is conducting an extensive in
vestigation of the methods of food
preservation. This investigation Is
being financed by canning Interests.
Are Returned by
Grand Jury Today
Wnrkine raDidf on a number of:
cases, the jiarion coumy grauu juijr
returned indictments Wednesday af
ternoon against five persons who had
been bound over to await investiga
Alice Smith, Joseph Lichty and
Romeo Lais were each indicted on thej
charge of contributing to the delin
quency of a minor, and are held un
der $1000 bond. Lichty and Lais,
when arraigned before Judge Kelly,
pleaded guilty "of the charge and will
be sentenced .Wednesday afternoon.
Alice Smith has not been arraigned
for plea, but will be in court, Wed
After a true . bill was returned
against Joseph Burdune, charged with
frtrtrorv n hpnrh warrant Wfljv Issued
xor ms nrresi aim uk is ueiu uuuer
$500 bond. Burdune was charged with
passing a forged check upon the State
Bank of Donald,
John A. Hess and Nora Dennis
were arraigned upon the charge of
lewd cohabitation and after pleading
guilty are held under $500 bond.
With the completion of these Inves
tigations, there remained two impor
tant matters for the jury to delve
into. Working under the direction of
Attorney General George M. Brown,
the jury will investigate the state
treasurer's office In connection with
charges brought by a Portland paper
concerning the purchase of certain
It is understood that the grand jury
will also be called upon to pass upon
charges brought against the State In
dustrial Accident Commission by E.
Lee Roy Keeley, a Portland attorney.
Keeley, in his charges, alleges that the
accident commission made the award
in the Dibbern case in order to pro
tect the Crant-Smith-Porter Ship
company from a possible award of
damages from hte admiralty court, in
which Keeley and Mrs. Dibbern had
ly been detected. Bladder-wort is adenry fr.7hITT"'""-
fairly common aquatic plant, an nit the fa-i, a2se v
very special Interest attached to it ere ! Mr. Sinnott wT '
... ..o.. pruiwn&iuvs were dis-iJU'y 15, is? J rWft..
covered. Its tiny vesibles were know land t tnl H Ut
to contain air. and the onlv u. nf ,,.. " 2 Fwr. e
so far known, was ta keen ih.
afloat a, belief, be it remarked, all
uie more reasonable because many
aquatic plants actua'lv h
receptacles for that very purpose. The '
tiny bladders attached to-the leaves
ana ieai stalks are each furnished
with a door, the whole acting on the
eel-trap principle, entrance being easy
but exit impossible. Any water crea-'
an mat vemu.es in to look around'
out of mere curiousity never by any'
i-itaiiu emerges alive. i
- Political Pot. .
Washington, Mar. 17. Represonta-'
the Champ Clark of Missouri formal-1
ly has announced that he would not '
be a candidate for the senate because
Uls unwillingness to swap "the
democratic leadership In the house for
we position or new senator."
Brother Of Oregon
Portland. Or.. Mar. n r i
- - wcr oin
nott, Portland lawver n,i k...,
. J. Sinnott. representative in coo-!
gress from eastern Oregon, died sud- 1
New Ministry In
Munich. Mar. 17. A new mlnlti-v
has been formed in Bavaria headed
by Dr. voo Kahr, who takes the port
folio, of foreign affairs in addition
to the nremlershin. Heinrirh v.riiat
Mueller of Meinlngen, a democrat,
who previously had been reported as
the man who would form the minis
try, has been made minister of jus
tice. Herr Kofler becomes minister
of finance. The ministry is a coali
tion of the democrats and the' popu
lar parties. Previous to its formation.
Dr. Von Kahr had been named min
ister president by the diet.
ii.vvrc vouit picnic
l'NI)i:it A BKIX'H TREE
When in full follnge the beech trw
is remarkable for Its. close 'shade and
coolness. The branches and such parts
of the tree us cannot be more usefully
employed mako capital firewood.
Tho state highway commission has
re ceived notice that Oregon will be
allotted CO luldtiional auto trucks by
the federal government for road work.
Thus far tho state hus received 170
trucks. - ,
1 Th most invigorating of
122 N. Commercial Street
One thousand five hundred and sixty-five
women and girls in Idaho, Ore
gon and Washington are 'taking the
Red Cross course in home hygiene and
care of the sick.
Memphis, Tenn., Mar. 17. The
more than 300 members of the Ameri
can Hardwood Manufacturers associa
tion were restrained from further ex
change and distribution of stock and
sales statements and certain other)
trade reports by.an injunction grant
ed here today by Federal Judge Mc-Call.
: The injunction will remain In force
pending final hearings of the govern
ment complaint against the "open
competition planV which was filed tn
federal court herei tVebruary 14. The
government. In its bill of complaint,
charged that distribution of certain
trade statements nnd reports through
the central offloe of the so-called
plan here, constituted a conspiracy in
restrain of trade in violation of the
Sherman antitrust law
In its answer the defense denied in
detail the government's allegations.
The plan was vigorously defended as
wholly .within the law.
VEGETABLE POACHER OP FISHES
One of the most curious enemies of
f-esh water fish in many parts of the
world Is a small floating water-weed,
b'artder-wort. Along its branch
lets are a number of small green vesi
cles or bladders, which, being furnish
ed with mlnuate jaws, siese upon tiny
fish, which are assimilated into Its sub
stance. 'rhls is a subtle poacher, the
t-ue character of which has only late-
Wednesday mnnning, the suit of
Lewis Johnson against Fairfax M.
Parrish nnd others was filed In the
county recorder's office. This ' is a
proceeding involving clearance of
title to Marion county property.
"HER BODY IN BOND"
"BABIES IS BABIES"
A Ratting Comedy
Ladies' Matinee Next
ALCAZAR STOCK CO.
Gayest MudU (w
Mrla and Ggwn. tha,
Dazzle the Ey
Trices 50c, l.oo ttJ.
Seat Sale -Now
.upera House Pham,
Wonderful Valu es
IN ALLDEPARTMENTSyWHETHER IT BE DRY GOODSy
NOTIONS, READY-TO-WEAR OR SHOES FOR MEN,
WOMEN OR CHILDREN. THE ITEMS MENTIONED BE
LOW ARE A FEW GOOD ONES:-
Flaxon 29c, 33c, 39c, 45c Yd
Voile .33c, 43c and 65c Yd
Skirtiiig .. 59c Yd
Oxford Suiting ; 33c, 39c, 43c Yd
Beach Cloth ....45c and 59c Yd
Poplin 25c, 43c, 49c, 65c, 79c Yd
Teque - 35c, 45c and 53c Yd
Middy Twill ..45c Yd
Devonshire cloth 49c Yd
Ripplelette . 35c Yd
Dotted Swiss 43c Yd
Organdie 35c, 39c, 45c, 49c Yd
Batiste . .....49c Yd
India Linon 21c, 25c, 29c, 35c Yd
Silk and Cotton Crepe de Chine .65c Yd
Plizze Crepe A ,..39C
Long Cloth 25c and 35c Yd
Nainsook . 29c, 39c, and 45c Yd
Berkeley Cambric 39c, 42c and 45c Yd
..29c, 35c, and 39c Yd
A NATIONWIDE INSTITUTION
To help reduce the high cost of living,
For Friday and Saturday special we
offer Pepper ell or Mohawk Sheetings,
9-4 bleached or brown 81 inches wide I
. the yard ............79c j
Huck towels, 1 6x33 striped border, j
each.... ...........25c J
Huck towels, 19x42, striped border, j
each , -35c j
Fed spreads, size 66x80, each J
Bed spreads size 70x80, each $149
Bed spreads, size 72x84, each $1
Bed spreads, size 76x87, each ......JUS
Table napkins, 18 in square, doz....$lM
Table napkins, 15 in mercerized,
Table napkins, 18 inches, merceriz
ed, dozen J............. - -.69
Table navkins 18 inches, merceriz-
ed, each - JLli
Percales 36 inches wide, yd 2B j
Gingham, standard quality.. 29c, 35c j
As these prices are in many cases below
present wholesale cost we reserve the ;
right to limit quanitties. j
GALE & CO.
Commercial and Court Streets
Formerly Chicago Store j
For Sick Benefit
STREE f CARMEN'S BALL
At the Armory
Thursday, Mar. IS
JOURNAL WANT ADS TAT