Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980, February 03, 1920, Image 1

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    WEATHER FORECAST
Tonight nd Wednesday fair; mod-
CIRCULATION
Average for Quarter Ending
December SI. 191 . . .
sterly winds.
54 5
rrult ea;
Member Audit Bureau of Circulation
Associated Pre Full Leased Wire
DANIELS REPLIES TO CONTENTION OF SIMS
RnTHIRD YEAR. NO. 29. SATEM nmrnnM rrTir'ori'Av i.tttaD 1
SELECTION OF ;
JURY HOLDS UP
RADICAL Til
Slate Now Exercising Right
of Challenge; Two Excused
. from Duty;. Illness Delays
Court Opening
Montesano, Wash.. Feb. S. The
,iate exercised its third peremptory
challenge today in the trial of eleven
alleged I. W. W. charged with the
nurder of Warren O. Grimm, one of
the v ictims of the Centralia Armistice
day shooting. It was the seventh per
emptory challenge to be Issued since
the beginning of the efforts to secure
it jury on January 26. ' .
Two Are Excused.
S. L Tuffree. electrician, Aberdeen,
was the man excused. , In his place
.. E. Sweitzer, farmer of Oakville, was
called for examination. Mr. Sweitzer
was seated.
The defense then exercised its" fifth
peremptory, excusing G. F. Burns, oil
er, of Hoquiam. This makes a total of
eight peremptorles that have been ex
ercised, leaving only ten more before
h-fore a permanent jury la secured
Counsel for both the prosecution and
f.efensetoday estimated that a jury
Yight might be secured by Thursday
afternoon. -One
Defendant III.
Opening of court was delayed hatf
an hour this morning when it, was re
ported that Bert Bland, one of the
cltven defendants was ill His ondl
ton was found to be no serious, how
ever, and he took his place in the court
mom with the other defendants. Of
ten names of the regular January ve
nire left in the box, only three an
swered a roll call this morning, sewn
being reported ill. They were excused
for the term and it was expected the
'"special venire of 806- would be called
upon today. Members of this special
venire have been attending court since
liif trial started January 26.
ATTEMPTS TO
;IS
IN CITY JAIL
Charles Jones, 38, a colored man. Is
being held In the city jail, following
his arrest Monday mgnt by Officer
Motor near the Soutr.ern Pacific train
lards. Jones is said to have attempt
ed to Induce a small girl, while she
as going to school Monday morning,
o go with him down Into the creek
bottom near Mission street, and the
lew Park school. The girl's mothter
notified police and caused Jone's ar
rest. He Is booked for Investigation.
Shortly afternoon Monday Traffic
"lcer Moffitt hastened to the ,Yew
ark school In response to a com-
rn' th" flv hoboes were bother
"g the children as they were going
school The officer ordered
of th. Wn Jones was tt member
rested lr,y' The qulntet were
"wj Tuesday by Chief Welsh.
U Train Service Normal
ot schedule Not Changed
' &Lm y' reg0n ElectrIc at
UcHonm'rerLS that track re"con-
nylldeal ot mi'understandlng,
nd d,schaa' he train are receiving
h trP1t Pagers only on
" Stt Iar'n- 0th"8m
runnin. ,ImpreSSlon that tra"
ne on
wt5Mrepl?frmation of 011 Inter
O'egon E.ectrioeL,:0int8 0ut that a"
Part on S I 3rriVe and d-
whkh f,the lom-Woodburn!
M 5ar,d'rt 'VeS at Marlon "fee'1
"chool triln" V K,,own as
n stree t. nd. makes the
""'"M to ' M a mafter ' "-'
"ruction I When tra
" Hh reetiscom-
to Mhmhr
won tlilyMeeting Tonight
,fkT nn ,b he
, mo,'he cL ':ht thp aembly
::r, Z future of th,
ua up Rcgu!ar businesi
REASONS FOR CHANGING
RECOMMENDATIONS OF
KNIGHT BOARD IS GIVEN
Admiral's Opinion Influenced by Long Shore Duty, Secretary
Declares; Commanders of Ships Attacked by Submarines
Defended as Most Deserving of Medals for Meritorious
Conduct in Face of Danger
Washington, Feb. i. Personal dif
ferences developing between Read Ad
miral William S. Sims and Admiral
Henry B. Wilson, former commander
of Amreclsan naval forces off the
French coast, were followed" by the
omission of Admiral Wilson's name
from the list of officers recommended
for medals by Admiral Sims, the sen
ate committee investigating naval dec
orations was told today by Secretary
uameis.
"While Admiral Sims recommended
young officers who served well In min
or posts for Distinguished Service
Medals and other flag officers under
his command for the same honor." said
Mr. Daniels, "he omitted that distin
guished admiral who commanded all
American naval forces off the French
coast, Rear Admiral Wilson, now com
mander In chief of the Atlantic fleet .
Wlliton's Service Good.
"When the history . of the war Is
written Admiral Wilson's service will
stand as high tag that of Sims, . Mayo,
Benson or Rodman."
When it was decided appoint Ad
miral WUsoh chief of the Atlantic fleet
Secretary Daniels said, Admiral Sims
wrote a letter of protest
Washington, Feb. J. Taking up the
contentions of Rear Admiral 'William
S Sims In the matter of naval medal
awards, Secretary Daniels today before
the senate Investigating sub-committee
took emphatlo issue with the admiral.
The secretary went into detail in ex
plaining changes he made in confer
ring decorations as recommended by
the commanding officers of the navy
p.nd by the Knight board : of medal
awards. '
, -H outlined the chief dlfferenees be
tween his views and the views held by
Admiral Sims. These were at vari
ance as to the importance of service at
sea compared with service on shore
and differences on the question of
whether a Distinguished Servlne Med
al should be awarded under t'ny cir
cumstances to a commander of a ship
sunk or seriously damaged by enemy
submarines or mines.
Influenced by Shore Duty.
Asserting that Admiral Sims while on
shore duty( both In the Spanish-America
nand world war 'demonstrated abll
ity of a high order," Secretary Daniels
said "the position of Rear Admiral
Sims ln placing shore duty above ua
duty in the danger zone is, no doubt,
influenced by his own reoord." Figures
were presented by Mr. Daniels show
ing that during the last 25 years Ad
miral Sims had served about nine
years at sea.
As Justifying his contention that In
dividual duties ashore are necessarily
of secondary importance to duties
afloat, Mr. Daniels asserted.
"On shore a man decides Important
questions with time to weigh the pros
and cons and If he makes a mistake his
error of decision is not immediately
followed by disastrous results. At sea
the commander is in Imminent peril
of death. He must make momentous
decisions in the flash of a single mo
ment, often when his ship has been at
tacked, and when coolness and poise
are necessary to save the lives of score
of hundreds of men. A mistake In this
emergency is fatal."
Sea Officers Deserving.
In support of his contention that a
commander of a ship sunk or damaged
by submarine attack was entitled to a
medal if he showed proper qualifica
tions even though the ship was unable
to combat the submarine, Secretary
Daniels cited numerous examples in
American naval history and also point
ed to Instances of such awards by the
r rench government during the world
war.
"In the stiletto attack of submarine
warfare," Bald Mr. Daniels, "it is not
the fact that a man strikes or is struck
Uiat tests true mettle and true naval
leadership. The question is: Does he
play the part of nan, with chivalry
thought only of others and of his coun
try? And has he by preparation and
foresight done all that is possible to
meet any and every emergency? And
vlien he faces a court of his brother
officers, do they find he has measured
up in the terrible ordeal to the high
naval traditions? Admirals Mayo ana
Cleaves and Vice Admiral Grant rec
ommending commander officers under
them for Distinguished Service Medals
who displayed these high qualities
v. hen their ships, struck by mines or
torpedoes, were sunk or damaged. The
bnard of awards approved their recom
mendations. The greatest thing that
a man ever does ln tms worm is 10
turn a stumbling block into a stepping
stone. If meda s are not elven lor tnrs
sort of noble courage and coolness and
direction in supreme danger, what on
earth are they designed for?"
Rank Means Nothing. ......
Referring to Admiral Simp state
ment that hs had not recommended
phy enlisted men for medals because
"we had nothing to give them," the
sicrefarv called the committee's atten-
t'on to the act creating the awards
whlcl! h '.aid I n.d" no distinction
ed'Tanan adm'ra1, CaPt3ln en'i8t"
THO
QUITS
FORCE; WELSH
STATES POLICY
Officer Walter 'P. Thompson, day
patrolman in the business district of
the city, Tuesday morning tendered
his resignation t '" g Chief Rowe
to take effect Immediately. Wednes
day Mr. Thompson will begin work
with the Salem Street Railway com
pany as a motorman. , ;
During the past year as patrolman
downtown Mr. Thompson, with his
Jovial and friendly disposition, has
won many friends. Regret at his de
parture was expressed Tuesday by sev
eral members of the police depart
ment. He has served as an officer in
the city for several years under Chiefs
Shedeck, Varney and Hamilton. :
Morelock Takes Job.
The text of his resignation handed
to Acting Chief Rowe reads:
"Owing to the fact that I have re
ceived a better position with a better
salary I herewith tender my resigna
tion to take effect immediately."
A. Lee Morelock, during the past
iwo weexs acting aay sergeant, was
delegated patrolman downtown tem
porarily by Chief Jack Welsh. Harry
A, Kowe, who has. been acting chief,
returned to his post as day sergeant.
Welsh Tells Policy.
Chief Welsh, who signed his bond
and took oath of office in the morning,
summarized his policy thus:
"I am not coming in here with a
chip on my shoulder: and therti will
not be any shakeups or anything of the
kind. I want to- work with all the
boys, and hope that I may get along
with them well."
SEFI
OF OPERATORS FALSE
Washington, Feb. 3. After sum
marizing arguments presented by the
United Mine Workers before the coal
strike settlement commission, John L.
Lewis', acting president of the union,
today attacked the figures of miners
earnings presented by the operators
yesterday, questioning their depend
ability and declaring they carried
"their own condemnation" even it
conceded to be "representative."
"The operators themselves," Mr.
Lewis said, "In submitting these earn
ing statistics, have produced evidence
that overwhelmingly supported con
tentions that miners wages are piti
ably inadequate."
Citing the operators figures show
ing that in 1919 the average monthly
earnings of miners ln northern Illinois
were 333.64, Mr. Lewis declared such
an average was "pathetic."
INJUNCTION SOUGHT
TO END ENFORCEMENT
OF DOG LICENSE LA W
A suit, tended to test the validity of
the stte dog license law, enacted by
the state legislature in 1919, was filed
In circuit court here this morning by
attorneys for E. Hofer, editor of the
Manufacturer. District Attorney Max
Gehlhar, Sheriff W. I. Needham.
County Clerk U. G. Boyer, Acting Chief
of Poyce Harry A. Uowe and Consta
ble Walter DeLong are named defend
ants. '
The complaint alleges that 'the de
fendants in this case are without au
thority of any kind In the premises for
the reason that the act of the legisla
,iure unusr which ..... v
unconsum"""i "
License Held T'p.
Pending the outcome of the suit Is
suance of all dog Iic?nses In the coun
ty clerk's office ceased this morning.
Col. Hofer, who is bringing the suit,
owns a buller terrier which served un
der the Stars and Stripes in France,
in hi eorr.nlalnt he asks that the de-
fondants D8 restrained irmn pro-
ing against him and from collecting
e-!the license fee required by the state
"SnJir"!
CflDilCILIIliV,
VELCJ1 AS HEW
POLICE CHIEF
Petitions Requesting Appoint
ment cf Moffitt Disregard-
ed; Ward Boundrv Issue Is(
n r f i m.i.
uuse ci lively lilt
By. a vote eight to four Jack
Welsh, chief of police here in 1915 and
1916, and at present an engineer at the
Wittenburg-KIng plant, Monday night
was appointed thief of police to suc
ceed Percy M. Varney by the city coun
cil. Verden M. Moffitt, traffic officer,
was the other candidate.
No heed was paid to a petition ask
ing the council to appoint Traffic Offi
cer Moffitt that? had been presented to
the council by (9 business men of the
city. "
Gerald Volki member of the police
committee, nominated Mr. Welsh.
Vtter Calls Volk. . ?
This brought t Councilman Utter to
Lis feet, declaring f
"I would Ukib'to ask Mr.' Volk X
Question. DhuVt you say two weekspending more of his money than the
pgo that you wished the appointment
cf a chief postponed because of the ab
sence of Mr. Craig, chairman of the
police committee? You did; and I
would like to' Know why you ass a
much In haste to make the nomination
now?". V-.-
"The record flon't show that," Volk
retorted.
"I know the. records don't,". Utter
responded. "But my memory, and the
(Continued on page two)
SECOND ATTEMPT TO
aETASDOTOCK
Will FILED TODAY
Portland, Or., Feb. 3. An amended
petition seeking to break the will of
the late Henry PIttock, has been filed
ln the probate court on benalf of Mrs.
Caroline P. Leadbetter, wife of F.,W.
Leadbetter, attacking the validity of
the last testament ot her father on
similar grounds but with more wealth
of detail than the first petition, from
which three important clauses were
stricken by Circuit Judge - Tazwell,
January 22.
The new attempt on the will, It was
learned today, centers about the alle
gation of undue influence, the peti
tioner alleging that C. A. Morden and
O. L. Price, trustees under the will,
conspired to "secure large Influence,
power, emoluments, salaries and com
missions," by persuading the late Mh.
PIttock to draw up an Instrument pre
venting heirs at law and the minority
stockholders of the corporations in
which deceased was a stockholder
from having .any power to regulate
the business policy of the estate or
corporation, or enjoying any of the
PIttock estate except "a relatively In
significant Income portioned out
monthly," by the creation of a 20
year trust fund.
G OT.D COIX SHIPPED
New Tork, Feb. 3. Gold coin
valued at approximately $10,000,000
will be shipped to South America be
ginning today. Most of the metal is
consigned to banks in Argentina,
Present shipments are believed to be
for the purpose of stabilizing ex
change. Section 11 of the complaint, which
sets forth the reasons the sttae Is il
legally enforcing the law reads:
County Made Liable.
"(1) That It attempts to make a
county liable to the owner of any
sheep, goals, or other domestic ani
mals killed or Injured by any dog or
dogs, and thus, casts upon the county
a debt or liability that is Inherently
and rightfully the debt or liability of
the o wner of the dog doing the Injury,
which Is contrary to the principles of
every free government and that said
act contains no provision authorizing
a county, after It has paid for the In
Jury done to the domestic animal, to
recover the amount so paid from the
owner of the dog which caused the
inlurv.
(21 That the Question of licensing 1
and controlling dogs is a matter of j could not be active and that he could
purely local and municipal concern, not be expected to contribute one dot
and that the said enactment of the leg- jlar to this movement. This detormin-
islature Is a direct Infringement of the'
'. J'.'V,",.
Draru , . m
section 1 (a, of the constitution of the
- ' (Continued on page two,
swberry
Conspi
DEFENSE SAYS SENATOR
ENTERED RACE BECAUSE
OF URGING OF FRIENDS
Grand Raplds-Mlcn Feb-3 Tru
man H. Newberry entered the 191)
Newberry entered the 191t)
senatorial campaign ln Michigan at
the solicitation ot others and not ln
furtherance of a scheme to get a seat
in the senate, said James O. Murfin
ot Detroit, in outlining to the Jury fn
United States district court the atti
tude the defense will assume toward
the charges of conspiracy and fraud
for which 123 men are on trial.
Judge Murfln explained the defen
se's view ot the specific details of the
offense charged in the six counts of
the indictment, emphasizing that con
spiracy is the essence of the charges.
It was pointed out that on the first
four counts "the gist of the charge
is not fraud In the election, corrup
tion in the election, but that these
respondents are charged with conspir
ing to aid, abet, assist and encourago
Truman H. Newberry to commit an
offense, to-wit: The offense of ex-
law allows.
Expenditures Not Limited.
,It was further argued that "under
the Michigan law, as lolig as expen
ses come within the eleven enumerat
ed classes ln the statute, there is no
limit as to the amount of money a
committee ot a candidate's friends
can spend ln his behalf.
"It my purpose," Judge Murfln told
the Jurors, "to point out to you ln ex
act detail everything that was done
by anyone connected with this cam
paign. The campaign was unusually
hot, and in analyzing and considering
what these respondents did, the at
mosphere under which they did it
should be considered.
"Our country was at war and the
situation was critical in the extreme
roe late ot tr. oivmseti , world was
hanging in the balance
"While there had been rumors ln
Michigan that'lienry Ford would be
a candidate for the senate, his candi
dacy was actually announced on June
14, 1918. .
"Rightly or wrongly, there was a
very general feeling that Mr. Ford dl l
not represent the type of American
who at that critical Juncture should
represent his state ln the United
States senate.
"Rightly or wrongly, many people
remembered his campaign against
military preparedness. Many people
remembered his well meant, mis
guided efforts to bring about what
now appears would have been a Ger
man peace. Many people were bitter
over the fact that he was not active
in the war and that none of his fam
ily had become active In the war.
"On the other hand, Commander
Newberry had had an honorable rec
ord in the Spanish-American war,
when in the navy. He had been sec
retary of the navy in the cabinet of
that militant American, Theodore
Itoosevelt. .
"Within 48 hours after our country
entered the world war he volunteer
ed and in the spring of 1917 was com
niiisaioned Ja lieutenant commander
and made aide to the commandant of
the third naval district at New York.
Kis brothers and his two sons wero
f lso in military service.
"This combination of 'circumstances
roused many a man in Michigan to
the" belief that it was his patriotic
duty to do all n his power to assure
the selection of Commander Newber
ry and we expect to show conclusive
ly that they were prompted not by
pay, but by patriotism that they
were actuated not by avarce, but by
Americanism.
"Gettng into this campaign was not
of the choosing of Commander New
berry and he entered with the utmost
leluctance and only after repeated
urging.
"As early as August, 1917, a group
of representative citizens had a con
ference on the senatorial Hiiimtinn. In
addition to the governor of the stat?
there attended a publisher, a bank
er, a lawyer, a soldier and a business
man.
Says Newberry Reluctant.
"After canvassing the qualifications
of other distinguished republicans it
was their composite judgment that
they should organize a movement to
elect Truman H. Newberry. Their de
sires were communicated to the com
mander, (who, by the way, never left
his post of duty from the spring ot
1917 until the war was over). Mr.
Newberry expressed doubts as to the
propriety of his being a candidate and
refused to consider the proposal. In
December and January this movement
began to gather force until finally the
commander seriously set out to deter
mine whether It was his duty and
would be desirable for him to run.
"It was not until this had all hap
pened that he consented to the use
of his name. He stipulated that he
could not leave
his duties; that he
atlon not to be actjvevnor to contrib
ute one cent was religiously adhered
to by him from the beginning to thi
end and the proof will positively show School Supervisor A. N. Arnold vlslt
that not one dollar of his money waged schools In the Marlon county south
ever handled by any one." em district, Wednesday.
Denies Charges of
Iracy To Secure Seat
MOVE TO JOIN ALL
VALLEY COUNTIES
The first step to organize the coun
ties in Central Oregon into a Central
Willamette Valley Federation, an Idea
conceived by M anager T. E. McCros
key of the Salem Commercial olub, Was
taken at a meeting Monday night of
the McMinnville Commercial club:
Mr. McCroskey, Walter Denton, Luth
er J. Chapln, Dr. Henry E. Morris and
J. H. Walker, from Salem, attended
the meeting.
Sulem Men Assist.
The Salem men assisted ln the re
organization of the McMinnville Com
mercial club and after stirring enthus-
lasm aided ln raising the club's budget
far above the estimated goal
Feasability of incorporating the
several counties In the valley Into a
community federation, along the lines
of the Marlon County Community
Federation, was discussed at the meet
ing. The members of the McMinnville
Commercial club laid plans to form a
county federation In Yamhill county,
and agreed to co-operate with the
movement to organize the Central
Willamette Valley Federation.
Meeting on Tonight,
The regular monthly meeting of the
Marlon County Community Federation
and annual election of officers, will be
held Tuesday night at the Commercial
club auditorium at 8 o'clock. Dele
gates from all parts of the county are.
expected to attend. Discussion during
the evening is expected to center on
the plans for the Central Willamette
Valley Federation.
British, Belgians and
French Plan Alliance
Paris, Feb. 3. Discussion relative to
the question of a defensive alliance be
tween France, England and Belgium
have progressed materially during re
cent conferences at Ypres, according
to a Brussels dispatch to the Excel
sior. It la said the Belgian govern
ment has drafted and sent to the
French government a general outline
for the projected common defense in
case of a future German attack.
Youngstown Newspapers
Grant Employes Bonus
"
Youngstown, Ohio, Feb. 3. News-
papers here today announced a ten
per cent bonus to both mechanical and
editorial forces effective February 1 to
continue until the cost ot living de
creases. The raise follows a similar 10 ner
cent bonuB Effective last October 1.
SOME CHICK
Pasadena, Cal., Feb. I.
With an egg weighing four
pounds enough for a meal for
eight persons Martha Wash
ington, a veteran egg-producer
at an ostrich farm here, has
opened the season,
She is the most reliable egg
layer among1 the more, than
300 ostriches at the farm, and
for many years has been the
first each season to lay an egg.
Revolutionists Control
Vladivostok Says Report
Washington, Feb. 3. Revolution
ists have entered Vladivostok and are
ln charge of the town, the war de
partment was advised today by Ma
jor Leon Graves, commanding th
American expeditionary force ln Si
beria. General Graves' message dated Jan
uary 31 said the crowds In the city
were orderly and that the allied for
ces were patrolling the streets to pro
test Innocent people and to prevent
looting.
The revolutionists platform
general said, declared for the end of
civil war In Siberia and the lnterfer-;
ence by foreigners in the Internal af-,
fairs of the country.
HI PIQE
Heads list of
MFFEIH
Frederick William and Otsar
Sons of Former Kaiser Are
Among Those Whose. Ex
tradition Is Demanded
Paris, Feb. 3. The list ot Germans
accused by the allies of war crimes and
whose extradition Is to be demanded.
is headed by former Crown Prince
Frederick William and several other
sons of the former German emperor.
The list will be handed to Baron Kurt
Von Lersner, the German representa
tive here this afternoon.
Included In the list are Dr. Theobald
Von Bethmann-Hollweg, former Ger
man Imperial chancellor, Field Mar
shal Vnn Hinripnhiiri?.' GennrRl Rrtafl
Ludendorff, formerly first quartermas-
ter general; Field Marshal Von Mack-
ensen, Crown Prince Rupprecht ot
Bavaria, the Duke of Wurttemberg
and a number of other princes and
titled officers.
Paris, Feb. 3. The entente rejoind
er to the refusal of Holland to accede
to the allies demand for the extradition
of former F.mperor William Is immi
nent, according to the Petit Parlsien.
The newspaper- says that, while th
i.ote will be generally conciliating to
ward Germany It will consider, ln cana
ot a new refusal by Holland, measures
going as far as the breaking ot diplo
matic relations or a naval blockade ot
Dutch porta " . ' .',
Fl
SIGNS FOR $250 LUMP
The first woman in Salem poses
sing sufficient civic pride to "plunge"
Into the stock market here and .buy
stock In the Salem Homebullders As
sociation is Mrs. L. G. Curtis, whu
conducts a millinery establishment at
125 North High street. Tuesday morn
ing she appeared at the Commercial
Club and signed up with Manager
McCroskey for $260 worth of stock In
the company.
Final figures could not be obtained
during the day, and the latest figures
released showed slightly more than
,45 000 worth of stock sqld, leaving a
deficit of 5000. Tlie committee In
charge of stock sales was continuing
Its work Tuesday. Chairman Thorns
B. Kay said that he hoped to be abla
to announce the sale of the required
350,000 ln stock by Thursday.
Concrete Ship Lost
Found Wrecked on Beach
Astoria, Or., Feb. 3. A wireless
message was received today by the
coast guard cutter Algonquin stating
that one of the concrete water tenders
vi.leh were lost a week ago while be
ing towed to Ran Francisco by the tug
S'ocum has drifted ashore near Grays
f'arbor Jetty. The hull was in three
pieces and there was nothing to InoU
cute its name.
The stranded craft is belloved to be
the Captain Coloquhoun, which broke
loose from the tuf off the Columbia
river lightship last Monday.
! Herring Industry May Be
Rival of Salmon ristung
Cordova, Alaska, Jan, 6. (By mail.)
The herring Industry, contering at
Latouche, on Prince William Sound, Is
ra lidly developing and may eventually
rival the salmon Industry In importan
ce .according to local officials of the
United States forest service. Durlasj
1919, 11,849 barrels of herring were
'shlpned out.
I Figures compiled by the forest aer
the 'vlce show that In addition to the her-
ring pack, 236,000 cases ot salmon aet
20,295 cases of clams were handled
during the year at Prince Williams
Sound, the entire product being valued
at nearly 30,500,000.
j An eagle kills Its prey with Its claws
ivnd never with its beak.