Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 22, 1920)
Oregon: Tonight and Fri
day unsettled weather mod
erate northeasterly winds.
Average tor Quarter Ending
December 31, 191
54 5 8
Member Audit Bureau of Circulation
Associated Press Full Leasod Wire
TY-THIRD YEAR. NO. 19.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 22, 192a
PRICE 2 CENTS.
Resolution Introduced. Today
Proposes Establishment Of
: fermanent Court. For Ad
justment Of Disputes.
Washington. Jan. 22.' Elaborate
machinery for settlement of disputes
between capital and labor Is proposed
h, concurrent resolution Introduced
today by Chairman Kenyon of the sen
ate labor committee.
Prealdent Wilson would be requested
by congress to call a national Indus
trial congress, composed of 300 dele
gates divided equally between labor
uniens and industry, which would rec
ommend a plan for permanent indus
trial courts and also formulate a pro
gram of principles to govern future in
Temporary Board Plan.
It also is proposed that, pending ac
tion by the national labor congress, the
president establish a national labor
board, to function temporarily like tu
war labor board In hearing industrial
Senator Kenyon told the senate that
the preparation of an industrial code
was the primary thing he sought.
"If employer nnd employe could get
together and agree on an industrial
code recognizing the eight-hour day, a
living wage, the right of collective bar
girnlnglng and other fundamental
matters," said Senator Kenyon, "then
disputes over these fundamentals could
be taken care of In the industrial
English Test Plan.
"The conference proposed goes ir
beyond the present conference or the
former one which ended in disaster.
England tried this plan and It was mo.
"In the adjustment period throutrh
which we. are now passing there exists
no general national agency for the set
tlement of industrial disputes, or for
the determination of a general labor
tucy, and no general arrangement
lws-as yet been worked out bv renre-
Mtitativcs of employers and employes
"mine ninciamental principles which
should contain in the adjustment of in
ine general public has suffered
much rem this state of affairs and will
wrter further loss and inconvenionce
the present situation is allowed to
Sixty Cases of
In Burns Today
Portland, Or.. Jan. 22. Sixty cases
of Spanish Influenza have . fceen- re
ported at, Burns and the nursing de
partment of the Portland chapter: of
the American Red Cross today des
patched three nurses to the aid-of
the health authorities of the town
following an urgent call for assist
FIVE MORE BILLS
FALL VICTIMS OF
POLICY OF FREE
"-'"tenance of the
uuees that have saved the world"
'Li0"6,01 the ch,ef "M ot the
I 'rtlnI"''anCe' P"ier Miller
arat nTeei;ln h" "'"'terial dec
Nation of poijcy todnv.
he declaration began with a grace-
l t0 Gror ClemeSwau,
! t ( i "e "ad been called
a mil, We honor of succeeding
Oration continued: r
or feelm"'S"e 11 wlth"t vio-
ma,!'" ,,eS lhe cl08e an" oor
Wch havl t,?Ce1 ot the a'ances
tour a ,L ,?d the WorId- With
la t hi : "T of ' m a, of
h"' n i lr?,at trlal not
been th f e,,0r Us? What would
rre h"dlt 6 f r allies If
HOOVER RtLIEF PLAN
fiPPHOVED B! BERLIN
Thirty-seven measures jammed
through by the lawmakers in that wild
est week of legislation in the history of
the state have fallen by the wayside,
laid low by the governor's official veto,
and the casulty list Is expected to show
several further additions when reports
from the front are all in.
"Emergency" measures bills of lit
tle general Importance, many of them
of purely local interest have been at
tacked with particular glee by the of- j
ficial executioner, the governor taking
occasion In numerous of his messages
accompanying the returned bills to call
attention to the abuse of the opportun.
ities offered by the special session as
well as the misuse to which the emer
gency clause has been put in connec
tion .with measures which not be inter
preted as emergency legislation by any'
stretch of the most vivid Imagination.
Norblad BUI Killed.
Senator Norblad's bill conferring
upon the port of Astoria wide powers
of bonding without consulting the peo
ple of the district, came under the dis
approving eye of the governor today.
In his message accompanying the re
mains of this1 measure back to the sen
ate from which it emanated Governor
"This Is a measure making very ma
terial amendments to the general port
laws. Ostensibly it is designated to
affect the port of Astoria alone but In
reality It affects every port in- the
state, . , With the exception of the pro
vision relative to he issuance of bonds
its would apply likewise to the port of
Portland at such time as a bill affect
ing that port passed by the special
sssion beebmes a law. It will be noted
that section three of this bill declares
an emergency. By the use of this emer
gency clause the people within the con.
fines of those ports as well as of the
stte at large are deprived of an oppor
tunity of expressing their approval ot
disapproval of the terms of the bill."
Clerical Error Fatal.
A clerical error In house bill 42, de
signed to make more definite and cer
tain the powers of the state board of
fish and game commissioners in pur
chasing land for game farm purposes
has resulted In the death of that meas
ure at the hands of the governor, As
pointed out in the official death mes
sage both the title and body refer to
the measure as amending seclon 3 on
'page" 2S7 of the general laws of 1915
whereas it is evident that the legisla
tors intended to amend "chapter" 287,
as the "page" referred to deals with
pawn shops and not with game farms.
'The title of the bill in question even
fails to mention that its subject matter
relates o fish and game In any manner,
consequenly to allow It to go on the
statute books would In no way enhance
the powers of the. fish and game com
mission and it might very materially
affect the validity of the act relating
to the business of persons loaning
money other than banks and trust com
panies," the governor's message concludes.
Other Measures Die.
Other measures falling under the
executive exe today together with the
governor's message explaining his veto
H. B. 20, by Edwards Giving au
thority to the state for the construction
of a bridge across the Nestucca river.
"It Is a measure of purely local type
covering construction of a privately
owned bridge and should have had no
place In the consideration of the spe
S. B. 14. by Hurley Regulating the
grazing of non-residnt owned live
stock upon unenclosed lands.
Return Of Jury's Verdict Is
Mowed Immediately By
Re-Arrest On Giarges Of
Perjury And Larceny.
! Spokane, Wash., Jan. 22. Verdicts
acquitting Marie, Fay and Ted Mc
Donald of the murder here last June
of W. H. McNutt were returned by a
Jury in superior court here this fore
The defendants were immediately
re-arrested, Marie and Fay on charges
of perjury and Ted on a charge of
grand larceny.' Alleged ' discrepancies
in their testimony in the present trla
form the basis for the perjury charges
and the grand larceny charge is based
on the alleged' theft of McNutt's auto
mobile after his death. '
The defendants, who were associated
with McNutt in the ownership of a
lodging house hre and a farm near
Scotia, Wash., were charged with hav
ing killed him in the lodging house
and having buried his body on the
farm where it was found several weeks
later. They were arrested in California
last October and returned here for
Self-defens was urged by the defend
ants, who testified their brother, Will
McDonald, also charged with first de
gree murder, but never arrested, struck
McNutt with a hammer after he had
intervened in a quarrel between Mc
Nutt and his sister, and the former had
drawn a gun and fired several shots.
The Jury rtired late yesterday after
gves 4b iJSUis
Enacted At Special Session
Berlin, Jan ?. m,
"""""it in German gov-
exnrell mentment lssued
"over in . , "L -neroert U.
u t ? Amerlean
n. central Eur-
order tn .
' the ... "nale the warehouse
! 6",Brnment deMa .
.i,:. aU import rt lit loo "
necrll . - c6-
CLASH IN BATTLE
Washington, Jan. 22. As a result
of the clash between a detachment
of American soldiers and Semenoff
forces on January 10 near Posol
sakya, one general, six officers and
43 men of the Russian forces were
captured and still held, the war de
partment was advised today by Major
General Graves, commane'er of the
' General Graves described the at
tack as entirely unprovoked.
The American casualties were one
man killed, one man died of wound3
and one severely wounded, while five
Russians were killed and one severe
Crest Of Flu Epidemic
In Chicago Thought Past
Chicago, Jan. 22 The Influenza epi
demic in Chicago today was believed
by health department officials to have
passed its peak. There was a decrease
in the number of new cases reported,
but the death list for the last 24 hours
reached- 61, the largest during any day
since the outbreak began.
TEN MILLION DOLLAR
HIGHWAY MEASURE IS
Grosvenor New President
Of Geographic Society
Washington, Jan. 22. Election of
Gilbert Grosvenor as president of the
national geographic society to success
the late Rear Admiral John E. Pills
bury was announced today by the so
ciety's board of managers. Mr. Gros
venor has been director of the organ
ization for 20 years.
Troy Branson, former police patrol
man Tuesday was placed In the de
partment to fill the vacancy caused
by the resignation of Chief Varney.
Branson's appointment, according to
Acting Chief Rowe, is temporary only
PERSHING IN SALEM FOR
v FEW MINUTES BUT VISIT
HERE WAS NOT EXPECTED
A total of 49 of the 57 measures
passed by. the special session ot the
legislature last : week had safely run
the gauntlet of executive approval up
to this noon. Thirty seven have met
sudden death under the official veto
of the governor and 11 yet await the
verdict of the court of last resort.
The ten million dollar highway
bond bill passed by the special ses
sion of the legislature last week and
about whose fate there has been con
siderable doubht since Governor Ol
cott began wielding his official axe
against measures appearing In public
under the chaperonage of old famil
iar "emergency clause" went to the
secretary ot state's office this morn
ing; to automatically become a law.'
Although the governor did not use his
veto on this measure as he has been
doing all down the line on "emer
gency" legislation passed by the spe
cial session, neither did he honor the
bill by affixing thereon his official
signature. He has simply kept hands
off, leaving the measure to take Its
course and automatically become a
law by failure of the veto to operate
within five days after the receipt ot
the bill by the governor. The bill oar-
rlea the emergency clause, thus shut
ting off any chance for referring the
measure to a vote of the people. It
will not become fully operative how
ever, unless the people approve the
Stewart bill increasing the bonding
limitation of the state tor road pur
poses from two to four percent. Un
der the present limitation It is pos
sible to issue a total of only $19,808,-
709.44 in road bonds. Bonds author
ized to date for road purposes aggre
gate $17,818,280.55 leaving a balance
of only $1,989,428.89 which can be Is-
sued under the new ten million dollar
bill until the bonding limitation is In.
creased as provided In the Stewart bill
which will be up to a vote of the peo
ple at the May election.
Limitation Saves Four
' In addition to-thevte-n million dol
lar bond bill four other measures
were forwarded to the secretary of
state's office this morning to become
law by the rule of limitation. These
Were as follows:
H. B. 41 providing a penalty of a
Jail sentence and fine for killing elk.
H. B. 78 directing secretary of state
to audit certain vouchers for labor
and material in connection with game
farms in Lane and Benton counties.
S. B. 33 relating to the practice of
medicine and surgery. ,
8. B. 1 providing"for the employ
ment of additional bank examiners.
Olcott Signs Twelve
An even dozen measures were hon
ored by the governor's official signa
ture this morning in addition to those
which were signed earlier in the week.
These were as follows:
S. B. 11 increasing state aid to in
stitutions caring for homeless, neglect
ed and abused children.
S. B. 37 appropriating $1500 for
traveling expenses of circuit Judges
wnen on duty outside of judicial dis
trict or county for which elected.
S. B. 38 appropriating money for
payment of salaries of supreme Judg
es. S. B. 48 providing for building at
state institution for feeble minded.
H. B. 63 providing for oil portrait
ot Governor Withjicombe.
H. B. 64 appropriating additional
money for expenses of public service
H. B. 67 providing $50,000 toward
completion and furnishing of womens
building at University of Oregon,
H. B. 80 appropriating money for
homes of orphans, wayward girls,
Crittenden home, etc.
u xt 61 Inr m n In t An our. ItnnmvA.
mcnta wtjrmpiili nnn1 renolm at I
state institution for feeble minded.
H. B. 83 for necessary repajrs, al
terations and furnishings for armory
at Dallas. . .
H. B. 84 appropriating $250,000 to
meet deficiency in funds for adminis
tering soldiers educational aid act.
H. B. 23 authorizing industrial ac
cident commission to establish reas
onable safety standards In places of
employment and empowering state la
bor commissioner to enforce observ
ance of those standards.
RACE RIOTING CALLS
FEDERAL TROOPS TO
Dumas, Ark., Jan. 22. Federal
troops, accompanied by Governor
Charles H. Brough of Arkansas and
large parties of civil officert and posse
I men from nearby towns .arrived here
eariy luuuy 10 lane cnarge 01 a race
situation arising froman attack upon
a deputy sheriff by armed negroes near
Dumas late yesterday.
According to reports today the dis
turbances started when J. H. Breed-
loce, a deputy sheriff, and two white
companions went Into the negro settle
ment to capture a negro charged with
stealing hogs. Armed negroes, it Is
said, demanded that the officer re
lease the prisoner and when he refused
opened fire, Breedlove, who was arm
ed with a rifle returned the shots ana
pwtih his companions withdrew to ob
tain reinforcements. Shortly after the
shooting the wires leading from Dumas
to the negro settlement were cut
The detachment of federal troops
ordered here Included six officers and
122 men from Camp Pike".
Dumas Is about sixty miles south
west of Elaine, Ark., scene of a negro
uprising last October when a number
of persons-were killed before the out
break was' quelled by federal troops.
Dumas is ten miles north of Winches
ter, headquarters of Robert L. Hill, al
leged leader of the Elaine insurrection
ists, r '.'
tU. . "eec u-s ,.. "I
it will ai; Iorma"- ces in
Germany ' Speclal fa"
face 0h 'I .r'mmoc1i"e would
ue Hon... lre
Zf-s. Which rWonld
"lirer.. " K0"'d result In k ....I
'nance nf .1
k4 "'isundr"?" ,0 interact an al
ith n?ln ' the United
Hensmi .Tnhn J. PerHhlntr. leader shing was
of the American Expeditionary For-
France, was in Salem Thurs
day. For ten minutes his special train
stopped at the Southern Pacific de
pot. He is en route to Mather Field,
Sacramento, to review conditions
"Black Jack" was accompanied by
his complete staff, several of whom
accompanied him through all ths
months he spent in France.
' It was only ignorance on the part
er plan, j of citizens here that the general was
due that prevented a reception pro-
Siin, Un-22 iaue that Preve
'o Pari, g A,t,ert of Eel-'perly due him,
" long time with
Only seven persons were at the de
pot during all the time General Per-
here. Only two greetings
rose from this group, as the war lord,
grim and silent stood on the plat
form of the train.
"Good luck, sir!" It came from
the heart ot a former soldier. And:
"God bless you!"
General Bows To Woman
It was an elderly woman; she
could say no more for emotions de
nied her voice. She sobbed the moth
er of a buddy who sleeps under the
poppy-sprinkled fields of Flanders
as the general solemnly bowed, his
cap in hand.
No word that General Pershing
would arrive in the city had been re
ceived since the first mention of his
itenerary, several days ago, that In
cluded a non-stop here.
Bia AS ENSLAVING
Washington, Jan. 23. Attorney Gen
eral Palmer did .not appear today be
fore the house rules committee to pre
sent his views on the anti-sedition
measures In dispute between the house
and senate. Representative Graham,
republican, Pennsylvania, author of
the house bill, also was unable to ap
pear because of Illness.
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American -Federation of Labor, open
ed the hearing In opposition to the bill.
Declaring that the Graham measure
would make "all free men slaves," Mr.
Gompers asked If addtllonal sedition
legislation were necessary.
"Will It bring solidity, a better weld
ing of our Institutions or will It work
the direct opposite to the desired re-
suls?" he asked. w
The history of other nations, he said,
ought to guide America in this matter.
Centering his attack on the provis
ion of the bill prohibiting the circula
tion of all literature and periodicals of
radica nature) Mr. Gompers oala tne
workers of the United States were seek
Ing Industrial changes and the im
provement of social and moral condi
tions and that the bill would prevent
the use ot moral force in labor cam-'
Washington, Jan. 22. Disapproving
both the Sterling and Graham sedition
bills, Attorney General Palmer, In a
letter today to Chairman Campbell of
the house rules committee, proposed a
new measure which would provide
fines not exceeding $10,000 and lmpris
onment of not more than 20 years for
persons convicted of attempting to
overthrow the government or of acts
of violence against the government or
tls employes or agents while In the dls.
charge of their official duties.
LIVELY JILTS FEATURE
HEARING OF CASES OF
LUUL LULU 111
Boat Transferring People To
Relief Craft From Disabled
Transport Powhatan Cap
sizes In Opea Sea.
Halifax, N. a, Jan. 22. Eight Uvea
were lost when a boat from the trans
port Northern Paclflo overturned yes
terday in an attemptt o transfer pas
sengers from the disabled transport
Powhatan, aocordlng to officers of the
Bteamshlp Bardic which arrived hero
The Bardie's officers said this state-
received while on the way to Halifax
after having failed in an attempt to
take the disabled transport in tow.
Officials of the navy department here .
said they had no record of this mes
sage. - ,.
A wireless message from Captain
Randall of the Powhatan timed 10 a.
m. today said he had started for Hali-
fnx In Mimtulnv nf tha Pb nation mn.
' j w -
ernmAnt Tja.rtv Tjtiirlr nl A m. VTm
announced that there was no change ih
the condition of the ship and that m
transfer of passengers would not he at-',
tempted "unless everything la abso
lutely favorable." -.- ,i
CHOATE AS HEAD
Paris, Jan. 22. Premier Millerand,
II. Francois-Marsal, minister of fi
nance, M. Isaac, minister of commerce,
and Maurice Paleologue, former am
bassador to Russia, have been ap
pointed French plenipotentiaries to
the peace conference. The cabinet ap
proved and President Poincare signed
a decree to this effect today. The new
appointees replace Mm. Clemenceau,
Pichon, Koltz and Tardleu, who re
signed with their retirement from the
ministry- Jules Cambon remains the
fifth member of the peace delegation.
A similar decree was signed ap
pointing Charles Jonnart as the dele-
Albany, N. Y., Jan, 22. Julius Ger
ber, secretary of the New York local
of the socialist party, was the first wit
ness called today at the trial before
the assebly judiciary committee of the
five suspended socialist assemblymen
charged with disloyalty.
Committee counsel began presenta
tion of evidence after Chairman Louis
M. Martin had denied an application
by Morris Hlllquit, chief counsel for
the defense, to introduce certain "ad
missions of fact," which he said would
serve to clear the issues and save call
ing of a large array of wtlnesses. Ob
jection was taken by John B. Slanch
fleld, committee counsel, on the ground
that his side considered itself able to
select what evidence it thought neces
sary to establish the desired facts.
As soon as Gerber had been sworn,
Mr. Stanchfield obtained from him a
copy of the constitutional platform of
the socialist party In 1917 which'was
introduced in evidence without object
ion by the defenst.
Mr. Stanchfield also Introduced in
evidence the state constitution or me
socialist party, from which he read ex
cerpts, Including one providing that
candidates for public office should on
receiving nomination leave their reslg.
nations with the party to Insure their
fulfilling party party commands.
By laws of the New York county so
cialist organization were Introducer.
Mr. Stanchfield read extracts from
the national constlution of the party
to show that any soclalis:
any appropriation for military or na
val purposes shall be expelled from the
party. The Instrument further pre-
witt and Samuel Orr, two of the sus
pended assemblymen, were introduced
as exhibits, and Mr. Hillqult admitted
for his clients that the other three
members, Charles Solomon, August
Clacssens and Louis Waldman, had
signed Identical cards.
The card bore the flaming torch,
which is the socialist emblem, as well
as the declaration by the applicant
that he recognized the necessity of or
ganization in struggle between the
"capitalistic class" and the workera
London, Jan. 22 A Peking dispatch
of. January 17 Says that General
Semenoff has assumed full powers oi
government In far eastern Siberia. Gen
eral Horvath has assumed similar pow
ers in the territory served by the Chi
nese Eastern railway, the dispatch
A Harbin dispatch dated Januan y 17
voting for eral gomenoff who as commander In
chief of the all-Russlan armies had Is
sued a proclamation declaring his as
sumption or supreme rutershlp In HI
scribed that socialists elected to legls- bera The dIgpatch said General Sem-
lative bodies should organize Into a
grouu separate from all other parties
and should always vote as a unit.
Party Support Required.
Expulsion from the party Is the pen.
ally provided In the constitution for
voting for any man for public office
other than socialist party membors,
who has not ben Indorsed or recom
mended b ythe party organization.
.The by-laws described the organiza
tion and administration of the local,
and also contained the stipulation that
candidates for public office must, upon
accepting nomination, tile thair resig
nations with the organization to be
come effective whenever they should
prove disloyal In political acts, to their
Atier uerocr naa iwuiiu umi
was familiar with the literature of the
socialist party in other countries, Mr.
Hlllquit asked If it was not true that
the same rule prevailed in tho soclalis;
part the world over. Gerber replied In
the affirmative. The charges state
that the socialist party had exprersed
solidarity with the Russian soviet.
Gerber testified that all national con
ventlons he had attended had been
open to public and press.
The witness said no excerpts of con-
emfff's representative in Harbin as
sumed that Semenoff was only taking
over supreme authority temporarily be
cause of the lack of knowledge of the
whereabouts of Admiral Kolchak,
NEW LUMBER RATES
gate of France on the reparation com- sttlution or bylaws read by Mr. Stanch
mission. Ife'd were Provisions revised in recerv
Controller Ccneral Manclalr
named as assistant delegate.
I The applications of Samuel' A. De-
Portland, Or., Jan. 22. Because of
Drotost from local lumber exnorters
land mlIlAt tha Pnrtlann' fhnmhti nf
commerce has telegraphed to John
Barton Payne, chairman of the Unit
ed States shipping board, a vigorous
objection to the new trans-Pacifie
rate on lumber shipments, Informa
tion of which was received from Wash
Ington Tuesday by C. V. Kennedy,
agent of the operations division of
the ergergency fleet corporation.
The new rate on shipments of lum
ber to the orient in shipping board
vessels, determined upon by the traf
fic bureau of the shipping board and
effective on all future sailings from
Portland to the fur east. Is $40 per
1000 feet, an advance of $5 per J.000
over the old rate.
E. H. Choate,- director of the Sa
lem Business Men's league, at a meet
ing ot that organization. Wednesday
night, was unanimously reelected to
the post. Mr. .Choate's election to
succeed himself follows a careful sur
vey of possible timber by a nominat
ing committee that cast an undivided
nomination for him. "
Because of the absence of the ma
jority of the members little business
was transacted at the meeting. Re
ports on the progress of the home
,1 ,. .. . 1. 1. u. n. .. 1 V.
were read, reflecting disapproval ot
the participation of the Associated
Industries ot Oregon, that previously
had been promised. Copies of the re
port were ordered forwarded to that
organization and to the state cham
ber of commerce.
Action toward the naming of 23
delegates to attend the annual con
vention of the state retailers associa
tion at Astoria in February was tak
en. That the Interest and assistance ac
corded by business mon of 'the city In
making possible the Christmas deco
rations here during the holidays, t.iat
were reputed as the best In the val
ley, is highly commended Is contained
In the committee appointed to further
the decoration movement. A balance
o money left from the decoration
work was ordered returned to the con
Endorsement of the Business Mens
league to a rousing welcome to Shrln
ers hero June 23 one of the days
alloted for their convention In Port
land was voted.
JAPAN TO OBSERVE
TERMS OF TREATY
STRICTLY IS CLAIM
Washington, Jan. 22. Declaring
that the success or failure of the
peace treaty depended "altogether
upon the spirit and manner ot Its op
eration," Pieir.ler Hara In an addresit
at the opening of tlfe Japanese diet
yesterday at Toklo said Japan would
"be one of those states which will
strictly carry out every term ot the
The text of the premier's speech
was received today at the Japanese
embassy and made public. Mr. Haru
reiterated Japan's determination to
restore the leased territory of Kiau
Chau in the Shantung peninsula to
China, and said the government was
taking "the necessary steps to trans
late their often declared determina
tion into actual facts."
"It Is a matter of regret," said the
premier, "that there are some foreign
critics who remain undor the errone
ous Impression that the whole prov
ince of Shantung Is involved In the s'
called Shantung questions. I am hap
py to assure you that the determina
tion of the Japanese government to
auiutj uy uittir i'iiKllu wuru in iw-
store the leased territory to C'.itna
and to work the railway as a Joint en
terprise of the two countries has nev
er been shaken."
Theodore Gilbert of Albany sold
more Red Cross seals than any other
school child In Albany last Christmas,
winning a $5 prize. H turned In $14.23
to the fund. '