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About Capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1919-1980 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 20, 1920)
O-gon: Tonight .nd Wednesday
continued cold, gentle nor
' therly winds.
Anngt for Quarter Endinj
December 31, lilt
5 4 5 8
Member Audit Bureau of Circulatiea
Associated Press Full Leased Wire
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1920.
PRICE 2 CENTS.
- v 1 v.
Restoration Of Death Penalty
For Murder in uregonis
Passed Alon? To Voters
CHIEF VARXET GETS RING
FROM FAITHFUL OFFICERS
With verbal presentation
expressing their regret at his
departure from the depart
ment the members of the Sa
lem police department Monday
gave to ex-Chief Varney a gold
ring bearing the Masonic em
blem. The chief recently was in
ducted into the order, and had
all credentials barring the ring.
He Is greatly pleased with it.
Elaborate Flans Completed
ror Resumption Of Com
mercial Relations With Al
The restoration of capital punish
ment In Oregon is now up to the peo
fll of Oregon for their approval or
disapproval at the May election. Gov
ernor Olcott today filed the bill passed
by the special session of the legisla
ture with the secretary of state's office
this morning and becomes effective,
.i.-i . tha onnrnvnl rtf thtk HAnntA
five i days from the time of its final ac- aUIed representatives are awaiting an
in hv the legislature last Saturday, .announcement as to the results of Jap
anese ana aipiomauc negotiations at
Washington regarding Siberia, which
Vladivostok, Jan. 13. American and
A total of thirty-two measures out of
the 97 passed by the legislature have
reeclved the approval of the governor.
Twelve of these have been filed with
the secretary of state's office to auto
matically become law and twenty have
been signed by the governor. The list
Twelve Bills Filed.
Providing punishment for murder in
Providing for enforcement of death
To provide a penalty for treason.
Providing Indemnity money for cat-
are expected to clear up a peculiar sit
uation here growing out of the with
drawal of American forces.
The United States troops have re
ceived orders to evacuate Siberia, with
out the issuance by the American gov
ernment of a statement regarding its
policy toward Siberia and Japan, an
agreement with whom on August 9,
1918, brought the American and Japa
nese expedtlions here. Since the an
nouncement January 8 by Major Wil
liam S. Graves, commander of the
tie slaughtered during 1917 and 1918. 1 American expeditionary forces In Si-
Amending Sec. 9, chapter 345, Laws
191?, xtending time for appropriation
of funds by the United States to make
operative Roosevelt Coast highway
Repealing chapter 404, Laws, 19,19,
providing for inspection of cattle hides.
Providing for special election.
berla, that the war department had
ordered his command to Manila, he has
nade no statements regarding the eva
American Troops Move.
American troops continue their
movement from the railroad sectors
towtrd Vladivostok and vicinity which
Providing for tax levy for and estab- remains comparatively free from po
. ... . HHJnnl rtlot .. K J 1 .11
lishlng Oregon emplojenent institution
(Continued on page soven)
" Washington, Jan. 20. Answering
charges that attacks by American
troops on the morning of armistice day beria
,vou,wm "i neeuieas luss OI Hie, Jjieu-
tenant General Hunter Liggett, com
mander of the First American army,
told a house war investigating commit
tee today that the advance in the
Meuse-Argonne sector could not have
been stopped because two divisions
were astride the Meuse river.
Cessation of hostilities in the face
o' enemy action with these two divis
ions in that position would have been
dangerous, he said.
. Relay of orders stopping the fight
ing at 11 o'clock on armistice day was
remarkable piece of staff work, Gen
eral Liggett testified.
(i "The American forces," he said,
stretched over a 400-mile front and
many units were In detached position.
The staff work in reaching the great
number of units before 11 a. m. was
Changes In the orders to stop fight
ing before 11 o'clock. General Liggett
SlhTI? have been made on'y
Marsha! Koch's headquarters.
e would never hnv nr.TOT,n,i
lull,! h .
-'"",, ne aaaed,
h rea.d'"erent oers and modl-
Z " ."use trm the French hlcrh com.
litical disturbances and other tllsor
dors. The first troop trains from Hpass
koe arrived last night but the -.n
wi-re unable to board the transport
lireat Northern because she wan an
nblo to dock owing to a blizzard, and
now is frozen in the ice at Churkin
single-handed opposition to ihe
bolshevik! in Siberia is an exceeding-
iy :mvy uuruen on japan, Dotn in it
r.iilii.t.ry sense and financially. How
ever It is unthinkable that Japan will
w11liri;aw her forces from Siberia and
thus abandon to the reds country con
tiguous to her own territory. There
fore the wisest policy seems to be to
dispatch half a division of troops and
reinforcing guards to the important
centers where the railway is necessary
in maintaining the peace of eastern Si
REPORT SENT TODAY
Halifax, N. S., Jan. 20. The trans
port Powhatan, disabled about 250
miles from this port, reported by wire
less today that her 271 passengers
would be taken off by destroyers
when the sea moderates. The message
timed at 10:46 a. nl orf board the
"Our situation not being definite
Steamer Cedrlc proceeded on ap
proach of destroyers who will take off
passengers when weather moderates,
Steamer Bardic trying to get a line
aboard now. Both fire rooms full to
"if subordinates water line. Bulkheads shored up and
tight. Northern Pacific due tonight
Will ask her to stand by also.
(Signed) "Randall." ;
N ml Amir alMayo Says Charges of
JNFIS HOW Sims Are Without Foundation
COMMANDER IN CHIEF
W NAVY DURING WAR
HEARD BY COMMITTEE
'OWN YOUR OWN HOME
IS PREACHED TODAY AS
CRY FOR TRIFT WEEK
Paris, Jan. 19. Elaborate plans for
the resumption of commercial rela
tions between the Russian Deonle and
allied nations have been worked out
and It is expected the bolshevikl will
permit the free interchange of manu
factured goods and raw material and
It will be a comparatively simple mat
ter lo distribute goods among the Rus
sian people under the agreement an
nounced :ast Friday by the supreme
eounc.il. It . said by Russians who ta
inted in the negotiating that pr.-ced-
ed Ihe r. rcuncement Surplus stocks
of wheat, i'ux and jur-.her await ex
port from Russia, and all that is nsU-
p Is ocean tonnage to carry theso in
ducts to the markets of she wor'.d.
Details of the plan to be followed
were given the Associated Press toi'av
; Alexander M. Berkenheim and t m-
siantln Krcvopouskiff. resoootivilv
president i'rd meme- of the forek-n
board of the Rusisan Cooperative Un
ion, through which trade will hA rnp.
ried on. They, conducted the negotia
Hons with the supreme council which
brought about the adoption of a policy
reversing that followed by the allies
during the last two years.
"It must be understood the agree
ment has no political character what
soever," said M. Berkenheim. "It is
merely an economic, financial and hu
manitarian arrangement. Russian co
operative unions, organized fifty years
ago, now number BOO branches and
have 60,000 local societies with 25,-
uuu.uuv members. These societies op
erate throughout Russia whether un.
der bolshevik rule or controlled by oth
er governments. It is a sort of Russian
economic Red Cross.
"In February, 1919. we laid before
tne British foreign office and also be
fore the secretary of Premier Lloyd
George our plan, which now has been
adopted, for the exchange of Russian
raw material, for' manufactured goods
from allied countries.
This plan Is very simple. We have
in Russia great stocks of wheat, cereals
cattle arid flax which are now larger
than Russia ever disposed of.
Three problems must be met in or
der to arrive at an exchange of goods
first, transformation of raw material
outside of RuRsla; second, the mode of
payment to the Russian producer, and
tmra, distribution of imported good to
" Implements Needed.
"We require farming and agricul
tural implements,' cloth, shoes, loco
motives, motors, automobiles and med-.
ical supplies, Ship tonnage must be
furnished by the allies as Russia's
shipping has completely disappeared.
We must Import first in order to ex
. Mr. Eerkehheim would not say whe
ther this tonnage had been promised
by Great Britain.
The correspondent Informed M.
Berkenheim that it was the belief in
France that the bolshevikl would super
vise distribution and allow goods to
reach their adherents while the rest of
the population might go barefooted
"Our stores are not under the con
trol of the bolshevikl," he replied.
"When the Moscow government na
tionalized all stores and closed them,
our stores continued business undis
turbed. This was not through any un
due friendship with the de facto gov
ernment but because of the high es
teem in which the co-operative socle
ties are held by the population through
out Russia, We feel sure our head
quarters in Moscow can reach a satis
factory agreement with the soviet au
thorities for an Impartial distribution."
Washington, Jan. 20. Rear Admiral
Henry T Mayo, commander in chief of
the United States fleet during the war.
told the senate committee investigating
naval awards today that his letter to
Secretary Daniel on December 23, de
claring that the Knight board did not
given sufficient consideration to serv
ice at sea:, particularly to the duties
and responsibilities of members of the
staff of the commander in chief of the
fleet, was not to be considered in any
sense one of a firotest He read the
letter at the request of Chairman Hale.
Admiral Mayo took a view diametri
cally opposed to that expressed by
Rear Admiral Sims, who told the sub
committee that .the Knight board. In
granting awards,' gave too little con
sideration to the record of officers
who served on shore. The navy de
partment made public Admiral Mayo's
letter on the subject some days ago.
The examination of Admiral Mayo
began the .ruling made yesterday by
the senate naval committee that the
present Investigation should be con- oration at all."
fined entirely to the quesion of war! Testifying that
decoration awards, charges made by
Admiral Sims that the navy depart
ment did not cooperate fully with the
allies during the war being deferred
for subsequent investigation.
Admiral Mayo said his letter was
written after practically all of his rec
ommendations had Keen changed or
disapproved by the board of Secretary
"I made very few recommendations
for awards," he said, "mostly in the
cases of members of my personal staff,
force commanders and commanders
operating independently. In the case
of Captain O. P. Jackson, my chief of
staff, took a very conservative view
and recommended a navy, cross. In
view of other commanders recommend
lng their chiefs aids for distinguished
service medals the board increased my
recommendation to a distinguished
service medal, but Secretary Danism
reduced It back to a navy cross. Cap
tain Jackson was the only of my stiff.
I believe, who finally received any dec-
Admiral Sims was medal.
"supposed to be" under his command
during the war, Admiral Mayo said
that in order to facilitate matters Ad
miral Sims did not report to him, but
directly to the navy department
Lack of a well defined policy for the
award of naval honors may have had a
bearing on - the decoration situation,
Admiral Mayo said, adding:
"Both the board and the secretary
were acting within their rights and
prerogatives in changing recommenda
tions for awards."
"But don't you believe, admiral, that
the board and the secretary should
have consulted you before' changing
your recommendations?" asked Chair
"No, I do not," replied the admiral.
"I do not beleve it would have been
practicable. It might have been de
sirable, however." , '
"I do not say I was satisfied with
the result of the action of the board
and the secretary," added Admiral
Mayo, "but I do say that they had the
right to take such action as they wish
ed and to assume the responsibility."
Chairman Hale said there was no
record that Commander P. W. Foote,
now personal aide to Secretary Daniels
had been recommended by any officer
for a decoration .although the secre
tary awarded him a distinguished serv
ice medal. Admiral Mayo replied that
he had approved a recommendation by
Admiral Gleaves, commanding the
cruiser and transport force, that Foote
be awarded a distinguished service
Berkir.au, Emma Gcldsna
And Associates Greeted
Along Border By Official
Representati?e Of Soviets.
HUNDREDS MISSED BY
CENSUS TAKERS; CITY
COMBED BY CHERRIANS
HAVE YOU BEEN ENUMERATED?
If not, or If you have any doubt, fill our this coupon and mall to
C. R. CRAWFORD, Supervisor of Census, federal Building, Salem, Or.
To the best of my knowledge I have not been enumerated.
Street and No..
Between what two cross streets?.:
SHOW IS CREDIT
Virtually panning the city In a final
effortt o boost the population above
any competitors, the Cherrians, in
their census campaign Monday after
noon discovered 661 persons who had
not yet been enumerated, seevral out
of the city and a few who were oppose:?
to the government's knowledge of
their personal affairs at all. Although
the official census period ended at
midnight Monday night and all gov
ernment and Cherrlan enumerators
ceased work, many telephone messages
of persqns who had been skipped were
being received throughout the day at
the Commercial club.
A vstaff of Cherrians were busy
Tuesday morning compiling the list of
persons they had enumerated and pre
paring them for submission to Census
Supervisor Crawford. It was estimated
that the list of those not enumerated
would extend above one thousand.
were It not for the commendable ef
fort made by the Cherrians to preserve
the city's rank in the municipalities of
the northwest. '
It is possible that the careful canvass
made by the Cherrians failed to find
every body not yet enumerated, so if
you haven't been enumerated, fill out
the accompanying box and mail it in.
ta0nt the Unlted State" Tue
Mk w, T'.ance of Nati"a1 Thrift
'Wed m S "brated and con-
l?nug yUr 0Wn homB' In
urance rl ' th! day "". In-
drjLana ,her8 dea"s wit'.
W ere ure"e e owning of
'MliIW,ng st!Uement. written by
"e daj : sounds th keynote of
he lmo of n
-Owning his own home,
' Wsn,m,ber' brlck' r -'one,'
Yr o e1J Home lf You Own
thawn hannv , e molner and
r P1y h owning yours.
Tour u rl01?nns.
0W it! nie" Yo"r Own-If Tou
a HomeIt Pays Best
Better p. , l , r wn' s'1e" Home:
? "earth nf v
' 1 Korder Than a Board
TS'l,r ri ,ce L'ke Home"-If
2 ,aWlardwJ Wn U Worth o of
,u,n 4url. ti ? your home un.
wwtiiiwa . -- you.r neighbor
- fte mree)
Down to Work
Washington, Jan. 20. Organization
completed and the formalities of wel
come over, the delegates to the second
Pan-American Financial Congress
buckled down to business today with
the ald'of 300 of the most successful
financiers and business men jat the
Group committees, representing the
twenty Latin-American republics di
vided into sub-committees this morn
ing for the purpose of studying trans
poratatlon, banking and credit and the
miscellaneous problems from the
standpoint of the needs of their respec
tive countries. They will report to the
full -committees t the afternoon ses
sions. TTie transportation committee,
headed by Secretary Alexander, wm
hold Its first meeting today.
King Alfonso of Spain received Capt
Thomas J. Scnn of the U. S. S. North
Dakota at the palace yesterday.
IS IDE TARGET Kf
PERSHING IN PARADE
Seattle, Wash., Jan. 20. General
Pershing today got acquainted with Se
attle. Before noon he made an automo.
bile trip through cheering crowds on
the downtown streets. A tour over Se
attle's park, lake and residential d's-
trlct boulevards was planned for the
Thousands of school children looked
forward to seeing General Pershing
this afternoon as the committee in
charge of the trip planned to have the
general's automobile stop at all the
schools on the route. The children
were dismissed from school at noon.
General Pershing let it be known to
day that he does not want to talk
about politics or military matters on
"Everybody should know where I
stand," he said. "I am not a candidate
"I am making the Journey in order
tn Inspect the coast defenses and army
..ntnnmentu of the country. This is
the first time I have visited any of the
Repeal of the law enacted by the
special session of the legislature creat
ing a new state board of fish and game
commissioners will be sought by the
Oregon Sportsmen's league who will
carry their fight to the people of the
state by initiating a measure to be
placed on the November election.
Word to this effect was brought to
Salem Monday evening by Senator
Thomas, of Jackson county, who led
the fight In the Interests of the sports
men on the floor of the upper house
of the legislature.
The sportsmen of the state, accord
ing to Senator Thomas, are not so
much opposed to the form of the new
commission with Its two departments
and neutral chairman as they are to
the elective feature of the bill whlc.
strips the governor of Jils appointive
power and makes the commission re
sponsible only to the legislature which
elects Its members.
The Rogue river fish fight which
died in a house committee as well as
other fish and game legislation will be
carried to the people through Initia
tion according to Thomas.
Paris, Jan. 20. Alexandre Mlllerand
the new premier, attended the meeting
of the supreme- council this morning.
He was introduced to all the members
fo the council, but took no part in its
proceedings. M. Clemenceau presided
at this morning's session and will pre
side at a second meeting this after
noon. In the meantime at a meeting of
Premier Lloyd-George of Great Britain
M. Mlllerand and Premier NItti of
Italy, the future organization of the
council probably will be settled. An
Immediate decision is necessary, ,. as
Signor Nittl announced that he was
obliged to leave for Rome tonight,
while the British delegates are unable
to remain more than a day or two.
Marsal Koch Informed the counui!
that the Bruisn had notified him ot
their inability to send their quota of
troops, numbering 25,000 to the plebi
scite areas. The marshal recommend
ed that the British troops be replaced
by French and Italian forces if neces
sary. The council will come to a de
cision on this matter this afternoon.
A veritable monument to the enter
prise of a progressive city is the im
mense display, this week, ln almost
all shops in the city, of Salem and
Oregon made products. The displays
have been carefully arranged, and
have elicited much comment. All this
week various Oregon made products
will be exhibited in stores downtown
in carrying out the general plan of
home products week here.
Fifteen or more products manufac
tured by Salem plants are on display
In- downtown windows. Among the lo
cal manufactories having products on
display are: Phez company, Salem
Kings products company, Chas. K.
Spaulding Logging company, Salem
Tile & Mercantile company, Gleason
Glove factory, Gray Belle, The Spa,
Kurtz Canning company, Marlon
Creamery, Gideon Stolz cider and vin
egar company, Capital City Soap and
Tannery, Hunt Brothers, Thomas Kay
Woolen mills, Valley Packing com
pany and the Cherry City bakery.
Many Factories ltiprvwiitcd
More than 100 manufactories thru
out the. state are represented in tho
extensive displays. Their participation
in nome prouuets weeK nure was ar
ranged by the Associated Industries
In every shop and store ln the city
the gospel of advancing home Indus
try by the purchase of home made
products is being advanced;, and
there is a general Inclination on the
part of consumers,' merchants say, to
heed the call and purchase Oregon
Home products week here will con
tlnue until Sunday. Salem Is the first
city ln the state to stage a home pro
ducts week, and there Is every In (ilea
tton that, through the support ot the
consumers of the city, that It will
prove a huge success.
COAL PRICE IMS
Helslngfors, Jan. 19. The United
States transport Buford, which
brought 249 Russians from the Unit
ed States to Finland arrived at net
Pueet Sound forts, although I passed ed states u r.manu arr.vru ul c
attl. once years ago enrouv. W tb afu ,,,, , ha .ving sal ed
inroug.. ifrnm ane0 this morning
from ancouver, . io -, -,al,ard( conyojr
Washington, Jauu- 20. Attorney
General Palmer Bald today he had re
ceived no Information that bitumin
ous coal operators had added to the
price of coal the 14 per cent wage in
crease to miners authorized by Presi
dent Wilson pending final settlement
of the wage controversy.
"It Is true," said Mr. Palmer,
in some sections of the country a
larger price Is being charged for coal
than that fixed by the fuel adminis
tration. This makes It appear as if
the operators had added the 14 per
cent Increase in wages to the price of
"Where the price Is greater than
the fuel administration price, It is
caused by the fact that the operator
alleges that the coal was bought on
contract before October SI, 1919,
which contract coal was expressly ex
cepted from the government ift-ice by
an order Issued by Dr. Garfield on
Tertjokl, Finland, Monday, Jan. It.
Russians who were deported from
the Unfted States were given what
might be termed an official reception
Just outside this village today. In the
crowd that greeted Alexander Berk-
man, Emma Goldman and their "com
rades" was M. Zorlen, member of the
all-soviet executive committed; who
after a brief conference with Berk man
agreed to permit the whole party to
enter bolshevikl Russia.
There Is no question they Will b
welcomed In Russia," said M. Zoreln.
We will give them work according to
their professions and trades, but first
we must provide them with comfort
able homes and feed them well."
Madame Gorky, wife of the novelist.
said when she met the deportees:
Russia opens her arms to all who
are politically persecuted." ." '
Meet in Mld-strcam.
There was a slight delay In getting-
ln touch with - the bolshevikl, whom
lines were about a mile distance from
the brook marking soviet territory.
When finally a conference had been
arranged, Berkman, accompanied by
Finnish officers and newspaper corre
spondents, went out on the Ice, meet
ing the bolshevikl ln the middle of the
stream. Both parties conspicuously
displayed white flags, the one carried
by the bolshevikl soldiers being a table
cloth tied to a red pole. After a short
parley the soviet officers summoned
the members of the soviet committee
of Petrograd, which Included Josepn
Felndeberg, former British labor lead
er ,and M, Zorlen. The committee wan
conducted to Terijokl, whero a confer
ence was held.
On the way back to the village M.
Zoreln told Berkman that Admiral Kol
chak had been made prisoner ln 81- "
bcria. This news was shouted to other
deportees who were leaning out of the
windows of the train and was received
with cheers. ' . ..
" Finnish" Soldiers Guard.
Shortly after the decision to recrlve
the deportees was reached the fhoie
party detrained at a point where a
wood road leaves the railway and runs
towards the forest A tew who ware
unable to walk were placed in sleighs.
Finnish soldiers guarded the road and
the transfer was made without a hitch.
Captain Emll Nielsen of the British
Red Cross entered soviet Russia with
the deportees for the purpose of ar
ranging a shipment of supplies to Brit
ish prisoners. The train waited 'or
him at Vlborg and It was not until 9
o'clock this morning that It reache.t
Conditions have considerably Im
proved ln Petrograd, according to M.
Zorlen, who says everyone there was
getting one and a quarter pounds of
bread per day. There was compara
tively little Idleness and wood and f-iel
were more abundant, making life more
pleasant than heretofore, he said. Tho
greatest difficulty had been experi
enced In getting coal to operate fac
tories but recently as a result of Im
proved transport , some had bean
biought up from the south. M. Zorlen
spoke enthusiastically of ah experi
ment begun last week ln organising
military forces for work.
Third Army Withdrawn.
"Our crack Third army, which was
the best of those used in Siberia
against Klochak, was withdrawn frorn
(Continued on page three)
DAY POLICE SERGEANT
ROWE NAMED TO ACT AS
SUCCESSOR TO VARNEY
of "Flu" Cases
Chicago, Jan. 20. Influenza In B
mild form continued to sweep thrmgh
Chicago today at the rate of 1109 new
rases every 24 hours. All available
trained nurses were being mobilized by
tha4the health department. At least 10,000
additional nurses would be needed. lr.
John Dill Robertson, health commie
During the last 48 hours 2271 new
ceses were reported and tho deaths
numbered 26. There were IHi new
caes of pneumonia and 66 deaths.'
Lieutenant Charbrler and Colonel
Debaudlez of the French military avia
tion mission were killed In Lima, Peru.
SINN FEINERS ATTACK AND
ATTEMIT TO WKECK GARIIISON
Thurles, Tlpperary, Jan. 19. Sinn
Felners on Sunday night attacked
Drombane village hall which Is occu
pied as a police barracks. After un
unsuccessful attempt to blow It up with
dynamite they besieged It for several
hours. Finally they were driven off by
the police, who returned their fire. So
far as known there were no casualties.
Day Sergeant Harry A. Rowe Mon
day night was named acting chief of
police to succeed Percy M. Varnov,
whose resignation was accepted b
the city council. The election" of .1
new chief of police was deferred un
til the council could glvo consider
ation to the matter, because of tha
surprise the chief's resignation en
tailed. The council had before It a
statement asking for the Installation
of Sergeant Rowe as chief of police.
The statement was signed by Kx
Chlef Varney and the remaining
members ol the force.
As a token of annexation of his
services during the past year as chief
of police several councllmen discus
sed the proposal, to come up ut the
next meeting of the council, of grant
ing full salary for February to Mr.
In his statement ot resignation,
which follows, (Chief Varney declares
that his reasons for leaving the ,ost
were "personal to himself and give
no further causes for his act. The
chief's nore of resignation reads:
"Owing to a pressing necessity the
nature of which Is personal to my
self, I find it needful to resign my
office as City Marshal, of the City
(Continued on page two)