The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Deschutes County, Or.) 1917-1963, March 14, 1962, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE BEND BULLETIN
4 Wednesday, March 14, 1962 An Independent Newspaper
Phil F. Brogan, Associate Editor Jack McDermott, Advertising Manager
Gltnn Cushman, General Manager Lou W. Meyers, Circulation Managar
Loran E. Dyar, Machanical Superintends William A. Yates, Managing Editor
Robart W. Chandler, Editor and Publisher
Entarad u Second CUii Milter. January . 1917, u Uu Fiat Offlce l Bnd. Oriaun. under Act ct Marcli I ling. Pub
Uth4 daily except Sunday and certain holidays by Tha bend bulletin. Ino.
Question of religious observances in
schools due before U.S. Supreme Court
; Is there a place in public schools
for prayers, Bible reading and other
religious observances?
; That question is being argued
throughout America, in sermons and ed
itorials, at school board hearings and
PTA meetings, in kaffee Watches and
court rooms.
,' At whatever level the debate is
joined, It usually Involves three distinct
issues:
! 1. Are religious exercises in public
schools constitutional?
; 2. Are they fair to children of mi
nority faiths?
3. Do they help or hinder a child's
religious training?
The issue of constitutionality will
soon come before the U.S. Supreme
Court. It has accepted for review a case
in which Jewish, Unitarian and agnostic
parents challenge 1he use in New York
state schools of the following prayer:
"Almighty God, we acknowledge
our dependence upon Thee, and we beg
Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our
teachers and our country."
The prayer was carefully designed
to be "non-sectnrian." But the protest
ing parents assert that its use puts
public schools in Hie position of "fav
oring religious belief over non-belief."
And that, they contend, a tax-supported
institution is forbidden by the Consti
tution to do.
It is futile to guess how the Su
preme Court will rule.
One area the
There was considerable criticism
of railroads in recent years, on the
ground the operating companies saw
business go to trucking competitors
without doing anything about it. One
area of criticism heard rather frequent
ly in the past was the railroads have
lost their automobile business to con
voy truckers, and did not try particular
ly hard to keep it on their lines.
Anyone who sees a freight train
Postal rates can create a problem
Meetings of state press associations
generally spend a lot of time discussing
the U.S. Post Office Department. The
brethren jump up and down, scream
and holler, about the damage the PO
people are doing the newspaper busi
ness. The outcries are more audible
than ever this year as a result of postal
rate increase proposals now before
Congress.
The Bulletin has little sympathy
with the newspaper industry's preoc
cupation with postal rates. Postage is
not a big factor in the delivery of most
newspapers. Most newspapers would
find, if they bothered to look, that they
spend considerable more on first class
postage, to deliver their letter mail,
than they do on second class for the
delivery of their newspapers.
But the same Increases nre being
asked for uiagdziiies, and this is a some
railroads are gaining ground
exceedingly
'Hope it holds'
Related to the constitutional issue
is the question of fairness to children
of minority faiths. The prevailing prac
tice in many communities is to recite
the Lord's Prayer at school opening
exercises. Thus, a Jewish child may be
compelled to recite a Christian prayer.
This objection is met in many
schools by giving each child the option
of declining to participate in religious
exercises which are contrary to his own
traditions or beliefs.
But many Jewish parents feel this
is a cruel joke. To refuse to take part
in a school ceremony, they say, brands
a child as "different" at an age when
he is desperately anxious to conform.
Some schools have tried to resolve
the problem by building their religious
exercises around Old Testament read
ings which are common to Jewish and
Christian traditions. They also take
pains to offset a Christmas pageant
with a Hanukkah observance, and to
recognize both Easter and the Passover.
This effort to please everyone also
has encountered sharp criticism from
some Jewish and Christian leaders.
They feel it may be more of a handicap
than a help to genuine religious educa
tion. Their viewpoint was expressed by
the Jewish Community Council of
Greater Washington in a recent letter
asking school boards in the nation's
capital and i(s vicinity to ban all relig
ious observances.
going by these days knows the criticism
was unfounded. With better and harder
car paints, it's no longer necessary to
put cars under cover during transpor
tation. A good wash and polish at the
destination puts the finish In good
shape. And the railroads have built
new auto transport cars which hold at
least twice as many automobiles as the
haul-away trucks can move.
what different proposition. We find it
difficult to feel sorry for Henry Luce
and his empire, but we have a consider
able sympathy for a group of small but
high quality magazines
which would be affected. Some would
be forced to go out of business.
Take a group consisting of Harper's,
the Atlantic Monthly, The Reporter,
Commentary, Commonwealth and Sat
urday Review. These are all fine, qual
ity publications. The present postal
rate increase proposals, now before
the Senate of the United States, would
break each of them.
This is the danger in the proposal
to increase second class postal rates.
We recommend this to newspaper pub
lishers as an area to worry about which
is considerably more worthy of atten
tion than the piddling increases they
would be asked to pay under the bill.
8
WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND
Secretary of Sfafe fears
afomic merry-go-round
By Draw Pearson
WASHINGTON Before See
retary of State Rusk left for Gen
eva he had a private lunch with
members of the House Foreign
Affairs Committee, confided to
them that he considered his trip
almost nopeiess. his greatest am'
bition has been to negotiate a test
ban treaty, but so far he has
failed.
Rusk did not say so, but it's al
most certain that the Russians
will begin another series of nu
clear tests immediately after the
U.S. tests in April are finished.
Our intelligence indicates that the
Russians have saved some of their
big bombs, have them almost on
the launching pad, practically
ready to go.
A series of big Russian tests.
immediately after ours, would
have a powerful impact on the
neutral world, also would make
our NATO allies think twice about
risking war over Berlin. It would
also put President Kennedy under
compulsion to test again just
as scon as possible.
Thus the atomic merry-go-round
would go round and round with
more and more tests and more
and more poison injected into the
atmosphere.
Secretary Rusk knows all this,
which was why he was pessimis
tic while lunching with congres
sional friends.
Note Rusk's chief hope is to
negotiate a U.S.-Soviet agreement
to withhold nuclear weapons from
nations which don't already have
them. This would appeal to the
Russians, since they don t want
the West Germans to get nuclear
weapons. They have also withheld
all nuclear arms know-how from
the Red Chinese.
Monkey Bachelor Bliss
While the diplomats argue at
Gcnova and both sides build big
ger missiles, Russian doctors have
been cooperating closely with
American doctors in trying to find
the remedies for some of the
world's worst diseases.
They have reported on one ex
periment on heart disease with
monkeys conducted near Socchi
on the Black Sea.
The monkey is considered the
most valuable animal for medical
experimentation, since he so
closely resembles man. And the
Russians, in testing high blood
pressure, took a male monkey
away from his mate and put him
in an adjacent cage.
Then they put another young
male in the same cage with his
wife, in full view of the rejected
husband.
The medical results, however,
were negative. Russian doctors
reported that the isolated ex-husband
seemed to be healthier and
happier by himself. His heart and
blood-pressure were not affected.
Moscow vs. Peiping
President Kennedy is consider
ing publication of some amazing
secret documents regarding the
rift between Moscow and Red
China. They show that the feud
between them goes much deeper
than the American public has sus
pected. They also show that Khrushchev
has had real troubles inside the
Communist world, and could be a
friend of the United States in any
showdown between the West and
the Far East.
The question of publishing these
documents lias been under debate
in high administration circles.
The White House is inclined to
believe that publication might
deepen the rift by forcing Com
munists around the worjd to
choose between Moscow and Pei
ping. CIA Chief John McConc, how
ever, is opposed.
Note China is now beaming
radio broadcasts in the Russian
language to the Soviet Union criti
cal of Khrushchev and his co-existence
policies. Believe it or not,
the Russians are jamming these
Chinese Communist broadcasts
oven more carefully than ours.
Letter from a Little Boy
Peter Roclino, Jr., 10-ycar-old
son of the Newark, N.J. congress
man, who recently wrote a letter
to Khrushchov, has written anoth
er letter, this one to Kennedy, sug
gesting that that the children of
America should be;in writing
"l-etteis of Friendship" to the
children of Soviet Russia.
"I remember what you said in
your speech," Peter wrote the
President. "You said don't ask
jour country to do something for
you, but for you to do something
for your country, and I'm trying
to do something for my country.
This is it.
"I'm asking other children like
me to write to other children in
Russia and all over the world. We
can tell mem alwut America and
how we want to help people. In
this way the children in other
countries will like us and he our
friends. I think this will help the
world find peace,
"I know you're a very busy j
man. but I wanted to tell you this
so you w ill tell me w hat you
think." '
Geneva-Go-Round j
President Kennedy has person-
ally reviewed our nuclear test
plans to make sure the fallout
dancer w ill he held to a mini-!
mum. Nuclear scientists estimate :
the American tests will poison the
atmosphere one-third as much as
the Russians. . .Kennedy has rul
ed against building and tfstini; a
superbomb to equal the Sd-mega-ton
monster the Russians set off i
I last year. The largest American
bomb is only 20 megatons and
needs no more testing. , .The Uni
ted States will explode some big
bombs, however, to test the ef
fects on underground missile sites,
also to try out more compact
bombs. . .But the most important
project will be the firing of oper
ational missiles which have never
been tested with actual nuclear
warheads. The famed Polaris mis
sile will be launched from under
the sea.
Castro lashes
at censors who
muzzle heroes
HAVANA (UPI) Premier Fi
del Castro lashed out early today
at government censors who try to
"muzzle" Cuban heroes by delet
ing references to God from their
historic utterances.
Castro was incensed by the
reading at a mass meeting here
of an abridged version of a slain
leftist's "political testament."
The words "wo trust that the
purity of our motives will find
favor with God had been cut
from the passage.
"Have wo fallen so low that we
must omit these lines because
they speak of religious convic
tions?. . ." Castro demanded in a
i-minute speech. "This was the
act of a lackwit who has confi
dence neither in his own ideas
nor in Marxism, who considers
history as something dead and
rotten."
The premier also "suggested"
that the name of the Rebel Youth
Association should be changed to
the Association of Young Commu
nists. Coin New Money
At the same time, the Castro
regime announced that it is coin
ing new 20- and 40-cent pieces.
Cubans will be given two weeks
to exchange most of their exist
ing coins, from 10-cent to peso
pieces, for the new issue.
Existing 1-, 2- and 5-cent coins
will continue in circulation.
The coinage is the second
sweeping economic reform in as
many days, following Castro s ra
tioning of food and other house
hold necessities.
The rationing measure was
openly criticized by some Cubans.
"The situation will be worse
than before," some Cubans said.
"We will go hungry."
However, others argued that
things will be better, "because
everybody will receive the same
rations and we can eliminate the
black market."
Soviet-Sponsored Reform
(Cuban underground sources in
Miami speculated that the new
coinage might be the first step
in a sweeping, Soviet-sponsored
reform of Cuba's currency de
signed to tie the country more
closely to the Communist world.
(They said Alexander Koro
vushkin, president of the Soviet
State Bank who visited Havana
early this month, urged a top-to-bottom
change in Cuban curren
cy which would eliminate the tra
dition that the peso is pegged to
the U. S. dollar.
(Spokesmen for the MRR un
derground said the Korovushkin
plan would call for surprise in
troduction of the new currency
and restrictions that would allow
Cubans to exchange no more
than 2,000 pesos worth $500 to
$600 on the black market for
new bills.)
Chamber leader
in Portland
PORTLAND (UPI) United
States Chamber of Commerce
President Richard Wagner ar
rived here Tuesday to meet today
with business and civic leaders
during the Sixth Annual Aircade
for Citizenship Action.
He said he believes the coun
try's main need is economic
growth.
Wagner said there is too much
money being siphoned off by Lite
federal government for non-productive
use In agriculture and so
cial welfare.
He said there is need for more
individual and community action
in the field of social welfare.
Spending by federal agencies to
day, he said, totals an estimated
$150 billion.
Offer Ends March 17
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Letters to the Ed
"When man differ In opinion,
both sides ought equally to have
tha advantage of being heard
by tha public." Benjamin
Franklin.
'It is a mad race',
letter writer notes
To the Editor:
I wish to compliment Mr. Burg
derfer on his treatise defending
nuclear testing which appeared
recently in your newspaper. It
was well thought out, neatly or
ganized and succinctly stated. I
take issue with its basic mes
sage, however, feeling that now,
as never before, we are ready
for a full scale peace offensive
aimed towards co-existence. It is
our last chance to do so before
the holocaust.
Unfortunately, Mr. B insists up
on the kettle calling the pot black.
To realistically appraise our own
ideologies as opposed to those of
the Russians, we must first exam
ine the house in which we live.
Mr. B accuses the Russians of a
national inferiority complex bas
ed upon industrial backwardness.
I submit no nation today express
es an inferiority complex as we
in the United States. Industrially
advanced, we are culturally re
tarded; ill read, ill spoken, ag
gressive and often materialistic
to the point of dullness. We are
obsessed with heroism as a pan
acea (Glenn for president I) and
ridden with fear: fear of commu
nism, atheism, UNESCO, racial
integration in fact any "ism"
or ideology that might challenge
our massive national ennui and
carefully nurtured archetypes.
"Let he who is without sin cast
the first stone." Ah! How adept
we are at proclaiming the sanct
ity of individual liberties, yet
find, for example, that author
Henry Miller, banned in the U.S.
for 30 years because of a few
naughty but familiar words, may
prove to be one of the century's
greatest writers. We are hypo
crites. We are self righteous. We
are afraid of ourselves. We are
an individual nation but not a na
tion of individuals. And I can
prove each point with glaring
examples.
In revealing the history of the
USSR as "filled with accounts of
battles and invasion," Mr. B per
haps forgets England and Amer
ica offer parallel statistics in
perhaps even more formidable ar.
ray. Witness the Mexican and
Spanish - American War "grabs"
as well as involvement in two ma
jor and one minor conflict with
in the space of less than 50 years.
Mr. B's attack upon Russia as
a police state is not to be con
tested. However, I contend to
"know thyself" as a nation fm
plies recognition of the rapid en
croachments now being made up
on our individual liberties in the
very name of freedom itself. The
possibilities of a police state with
a different coat but similar pow
ers looms before us. For example,
the persecution of Gus Hall and
the Communist party presently
underway is reminiscent of Ges
tapo tactics. Obviously, were the
party to reveal membership lists,
it would seal the social and eco
nomic doom of all involved, for
as we well know, should one's
loyalty to "our way of life" be
questioned, job and community ac
ceptance are at stake.
We pay noble and loud lip serv
ice to the four freedoms. Yet let
an atheist attempt to buy radio
time. Try to find great, but
"shady" literature in our librar
ies. Try to find a single UNESCO
publication in the Los Angeles
school system. Try to champion
the Negro in a Bend housing proj
ect or subdivision without federal
protection. And now it comes:
peace as a means for man's sur
vival means compromise, weak
ness, "excessive idealism" and
by implication communistic
leanings.
When Mr. B warns us of the
parallel empire building now be
ing carried out by Russian and
American military interests, he
makes a strong and valid point
for peace. Should we suddenly
halt all military spending, the ef
fect upon our economy would be
catastrophic. Yet, I ask, are we
to perpetuate this felony, once
acknowledged, in the name of
"the free world?" ( a dandy
phrase. . .solves all problems.)
And with the foreknowledge
that "might does not make right,"
was there ever a time in the his
tory of man when we should cour
ageously carry this principle to
its logical conclusion as now'
This means exchange, with the
USSR at all social, political, eco
nomic and moral levels.
"Were we and our enemies all
idealists" Mr. B leads off, with
d. new patterns & solids yd
1
itor
the implication that we alone hold
a corner on that semantically elu
sive classification. He then im
plies terms with the Russians
might be possible. My answer is
simple: let's meet' them at the
grass roots level for some serious
debates on the real meaning of
ideologies that is, if the mili
tant freedom lovers will give us
time.
In a concluding statement, Mr.
B sadly notes: ". . .nuclear test
ing may be the price we must
pay. . .to retain dominance for
our ideals." For me, this is too
great a price, first because ideals
do not "dominate" through force
but serve by example; secondly,
because at this writing, we have
not given the peace offensive half
a chance.
And now, a feeble ray of hope,
buried, unfortunately, on the back
page of a recent Bulletin, an
nouncing the signing of a two
year agreement with Russia, by
which experts in all fields, from
art to architecture, would be ex
changed in an attempt to narrow
the frightening abyss that separ
ates us. How disappointed Mr.
Burgderfer and the proponents of
force might be to find our "ene
mies" equally concerned over the
fate of collective man (with their
own twist, of course); equally
anxious to talk with us about art,
music, science, religion. We
might find some of them (hor
rors!) more informed than our
selves in such matters. It is this,
too, we fear.
A recent Oregonian editorial
outlined the ultimate weapon will
be a super megaton H-bomb set
into infinite orbit with a push but
ton somewhere that says "sur
render or else." We might have it
first. But so might the Russians
. . ,a ghoulish prospect in either
event; The sword of Damocles, in
person. The end. It is a mad race
in every sense. The push button
of compassion versus the push
button of hate. . .and there is no
middle road. It is all up to us
as it should be.
W. C. Yeomans
Bend, Oregon,
March 12, 1962
Knowledge never killed
moron, writer notes
To the Editor:
The letters of Mr. Bock in your
paper are very good education.
Socrates was about the most bril
liant man that ever lived and Je
sus Christ was about the most
human man that ever lived. So
you see what happened to people
with that background. The people
of that day listened to the author
ities. I could use another word for
authorities but I want to get this
letter published.
I disagree with Mr. Bock when
he calls the people that disposed
of men like these "good people."
I would call them morons or de
generates or both. People like to
believe in false gods because their
thinking is warped and the teach
ing they receive keeps them that
way. If ever two words have been
abused, it would be Christian peo
ple and freedom. It is not so much
what you say that counts, it is
what you do to your neighbor that
counts, and your acts that make
you what you are. What moral
lesson can we learn from history's
barbaric mistakes. Good men
like Jesus, Socrates, Bruno Gali
leo, Gandhi and so on don't try to
teach a bunch of barbaric mo
rons to love your neighbor as thy
self to promote justice and love
of wisdom for if you do you will
have history counting one more
fool. As I walk along these ditches
on the COI in the summer time
where the water stand stagnate, 1
see large luxurious plants of poi
son hemlock, the same poison
weed that put an end to the great
Socrates and put Athens back on
the moron thinking list. And it
could have been a juniper that
made the cross for Jesus. I have
seen horses crazy from eating loco
weed, cattle die from eating poi
son hemlock, sheep die from poi
son milk weed; but I have never
heard of knowledge killing a mo
ron. A J. Meglitsch
Redmond, Oregon,
March 12, 1962
MEASURE YOUR MATTRESS
CHICAGO (UPI) September
has been designated "Measure
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Manufacturers.
-'
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Agriculture
symbol of
Red failure
By Phil Newsom
UPI Staff Writer
If any one department were to
be selected as a symbol of Com
munist failure, then agriculture;
would have to be a foremost can
didate. Agriculture shortcomings in tha
Soviet Union have preoccupied
Nikita Khrushchev since last No
vember. In the Soviet Union, private en
terprise among the peasants con
tinues to confound the economic
planners by producing the bulk of
Soviet eggs, milk, poultry and a
large proportion of its meat sup-
Ply
Totally collectivized East Ger
many, once the larder of the
whole of Germany, cannot pro
duce enough to feed itself. Po
land's farmers, enjoying more lat
itude than most within the Com
munist empire, have demonstrat
ed indisputably that they value
private ownership of a horse
above communal partnership in a
tractor.
Hungary, once a food exporting
nation, is in just as bad agricul
tural shape as East Germany.
Red China Affected
In 1958, as part of the "great
leap forward," Red China began
jamming 500 million people into
10,000 giant communes. Private
enterprise, as well as family life,
was to disappear in an overnight
lunge toward the perfect Commu
nist state.
Even as dedicated a Commu
nist as Khrushchev ridiculed the
idea, and thus perhaps for the
first time disclosed the now wide
ly advertised rift with Red Chi
nese Leader Mao Tse-tung.
But even the determined Chi-
nese have been forced to make
accomodations.
The communes have not been
abandoned, nor are they likely to
be during the lifetime of Mao.
But the old backward steel
furnaces and other home indus
tries which were to provide the
communes with much of their own
equipment, long since have disap
peared. Facilities Closed
More recently, many communal
dining halls, nurseries and other
facilities have been closed or
used only part of the time.
A Swiss professor who visited
Red China in 1961, wrote:
"The party's instructions. . .en
courage rural fairs where the
peasants sell the product of their
individual work vegetables,
fruits, poultry, eggs, sometimes a
pig, more rarely a cow."
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