The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Deschutes County, Or.) 1917-1963, March 07, 1962, Page 4, Image 4

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    It's been done
4 Wedneiday, March 7, 1962 An Independent Newspaper
Phil f. Brogan, Associate Editor Jack McDarmott, Advertising Manager
Glenn Cuihman, General Manager Lou W. Meyers, Circulation Manager
Loren I. Dyer, Mechanical Superintendent William A. Yatet, Managing Editor
Robert W. Chandler, Editor and Publisher
Emerad aa Vormd Clan Minor. January . 11T. at tha Pott Orflea at Band. Oratun. undar Act at March I. 1S79. Pufc
JJahad dally axcapt Sunday and eartaln hnlldaya by Ilia Band Bullatln. Inc.
Railroad unions whacked, but hard, by
.!? L ' .?
puDiic memoers or presiuenriui group
A 15-rrtan commission, composed of
five members from the railroad indus
try, five from railroad unions, and five
from the public, has been studying var
ious railroad-labor problems for the
past two years. The commission's report
was filed a day before the March 1
deadline set when it was created.
The commission was formed, with
the knowledge, consent and urging of
both industry and labor groups, to head
off a threatened national railroad strike
a couple of years ago. Questions it was
to rule upon were those involved in the
threatened strike. They included:
A contention on the part of the in
dustry lhat it needs broad powers to
streamline operations and do away with
thousands of jobs the railroads think
are unnecessary. The rail unions, tradi
tionally the home of featherbedding in
its purest form, opposed this.
The desire of the roads to eliminate
firemen from the locomotives in yard
and freight service. Since almost all
such locomotives are now diesel-power-ed
and many of the remainder are
powered by electricity this move
would save the faltering railroad in
dustry some ."F2r0 million a year. The
unions opposed this.
The wish of the roads for an un
limited ability to meet technological
change. The unions opposed this.
The desinc of the railroads to over
haul the complicated pay system, which
causes considerable inequities in the
amount an engineer, for example, re
ceives. The unions wanted to continue
the status quo.
There were other recommendations
In the nearly 900 pages of the commis
sion report. They were not all favorable
to the railroad managements.
But on the big questions, the public
members of the commission, who really
were the only unbiased persons involv
ed in the study, voted down the line
with the railroad managements against
the featherbedding positions of the
The public members were not at all
unsympathetic with the problems of the
employees involved. Among their rec
ommendations were items which total
up to the biggest package of severance
benefits ever offered to any group of
employees ever potentially hurt, by
technological change. Big severance
pay provisions, company financed train
ing for new jobs over an extended per
iod, etc., were recommended.
The railroads immediately approv
ed the findings, although they were not
universally hfiPP.v. Still, roads got most
of what they were seeking, and the
over-all package would make them a
good one.
The unions met the report with
new strike threats, and called a scries
of emergency meetings to determine
how best to gain support from their
members. But the public now that an
unbiased study has been made will
find it difficult to buy the need for those
unnecessary men, men who must be
paid in the final analysis by everyone
who uses or produces products which
are transported by rail.
Hooray for men over 40
A number of craving, balding, or Glenn's age. He is 40.
middle-aged-spreading sometimes all
three editorial writers around the
Northwest have in recent days taken
considerable comfort from Lt. John
One of their number knows how
thry feel. That's why he's such an avid
Archie Moore and Sugar Ray Robinson
History read from cabin walls
One of our hobbies, in earlier years,
was to read history from the walls of
old homesteads in the High Desert, or
In northern Lake county where an arm
of the Great Basin reaches into Oregon.
Tlie histni'v whv in nIH nfiri' next
as insulation for cabins in the land-rush
days of long ago., Not only did the
papers keep out the biting winds, but
they served as wallpaper. They were
plastered on boards through use of
flour paste.
Occasionally, the newspapers serv
ed as insulation between boards. These
through the years withstood not only
the weather, but the gnaw ing of rodents
and the discoloration of the sun sifting
through ceilings from which shingles
had been blown.
Only when the abandoned cabins
were razed did the old papers come to
light. We are reminded of this in a new s
story from Fort Rock which tells of old
papers found in a house just torn down.
JFK, Nikifa know tragedy
of war from experience
The Fort Rock papers were quite
"current." They were dated in 19-i.i and
told of a Public Utilities action order
ing the Southern Pacific to build a line
across state, from Crane to Crescent !
through the Fort Rock Valley. !
Shucks, lhat story was only yrster- ,
day. A member of The Bulletin staff!
could have written it. But from some of j
the older cabins on the I ligli Desert has i
been obtained much real history.
We recall reading from "wallpaper" i
in an old cabin in eastern Crook County !
years ago a story from the pioneer!
Prineville paper dated short I v after'
1 WO. ' j
That story told about a new Central
Oregon town founded by an easterner.
A. M. Drake. The town, the story noted,
was to be known as Pilot Butte. That
low n nf course, w as Bend.
That w as real history, as read from
a cabin wall.
By Drew Pearson
WASHINGTON - Two men who
personally, poignantly know the
tragedies of past war have been
dueling verbally for more than a
year over future war. One is John
F. Kennedy of the USA: the other
Nikita Khrushchev of the USSR,
and their dueling is not taking the
world any farther away from
Mr. K of the USA frequently
stands as he receives a member
of his Cabinet, not because he is
in a hurry to finish the confer
ence, but because it rests his back
to stand up. Sometimes he will
put his hand on the lower verte
brae of his back and push to re
lieve the pain.
That back injury came from
When Mr. K of the USSR talks
to friends, his memory goes back
to those dim, dark days on the
Stalingrad front where he, as po
litical commander, cajoled and
exhorted the half-starved, half-
equipped Russian Army to keep
fighting against wave after wave
of well-fed, well-equipped Nazis.
Khrushchev's eldest son was kill
ed by the Nazis defending the
wind-swept ruins of Stalingrad.
Kennedy's eldest brother was kill
ed by the Nazis in an air battle
over the Atlantic.
Yet each involuntarily seems to
creep closer to the awful chasm
of atomic war.
When John F. Kennedy strug
gled all night in the warm, shark
infested waters of the Pacific aft
er a Japanese destroyer cut his
FT boat in two; and when he fi
nally reached an island from
which he could signal for help, he
had no idea that someday he
would lead this nation in an at
tempt to prevent future war.
And when Nikita Khrushchev
sat in a dugout in Stalingrad
which had been mined to explode
20 days later, he had no idea that
he would lead his country in ne
gotiations to prevent war. Stalin,
who was then supreme, had no
great regard for Khrushchev.
Political Worries
Today these two men, knowing
firsthand the tragedy of war, the
futility of war, are engaged in a
deadly cold debate as to which
has the greatest tactical A-wea-pons,
which the heaviest war
heads, whether the other has the
anti-missile missile, which has the
most accurate information on the
other, which has the power to
win in case they slip over the
awful abyss into atomic war.
They personally know the tragedy
of war, but seem inexorably im
potent to refrain from the talk
of war.
Both men are also politicians.
They understand the p o I i t i c a 1
cross - currents which influence
the other. Mr. K of the USSR
knows that Mr. K in the USA
worries over his Old Guard op
position, the preventive-war cli
que in the Pentagon, the John
Birchitcs, and the fringe Fascists.
Mr. K of the USA in turn knows
that Mr. K in the USSR has seri
ous problems with the Old Guard
Stalinists, the Red Chinese, and
(he Stalinists openly advocate
war with the United States, claim
Khrushchev's ideas on coexist
ence are poppycock. Molotov, no
later than last October, he knows,
wmte the Party Congress that
"without war, advance toward
communism is impossible."
The Polish government. he
knows, even confided in the Amer
ican embassy in Warsaw that Mr.
K in the USSR needed a gesture
from Mr. K in the USA to prove
to the right wing that his policy
of coexistence was working.
No gesture was forthcoming.
The two men are politicians.
Rut in the intricate, all-important
balance of international affairs
thry don't practice the science of
politics. They know war. they
have personally, poignantly ex
perienced the suffering of war.
hut they drift slowly, silently to
ward the awful chasm of war.
And for the man elected on
campaign of "new fresh starts for
peace." and who on Jan. 20. 1961
said "Let us begin." it was es
pecially tragic irony that on
March 2. 1962 he had to announce:
"Let us resume."
Alan Shepiird. the first U S. as
tronaut to penetrate outer spare,
played joke on Col. John Glenn
iust before he took his histnrv
making orbits around the earth.
LVtun in Cape Canaveral, the
astronauts had been listening to
comedian Jose Jimenez tell about
a fictitious mouse which got
loose inside a space capsule and
couldn't be caught.
So, just before Glenn took off.
the other astronauts bought a toy
mouse about three inches long
and put it inside a kit which is
fastened at the right hand of the
space navigator.
Purine, his flight. Glenn, intent
ly busy watching the world go
by. reached into the kit without
linking at it and pulled out the
OMiise. Startled, he Hippifxl it.
The mouse, weightless, floated
around the capsule for the rest nf
the three orbits around the earth.
Says Congressman Bill Ayres,
Ohio Krpuhlican: "On the morn
ing Drew Pearson's column came
out listing all those wnes on con
ciessional payrolls, even,- wife
was at work ". . Jimmy W. e
cmeinor ot Uiuisuina. set j rec
ord for cui'ig a" ay pubt'c serv
ice time on his TV station in Men
nc La . la-t year 5?;n in; t:
Thanks to the fart that Sen
Lister Hill has sided with the Ku
Klux Klan in opposing the $1,000,'
000 UN bond issue, every other
Alabama congressman is on the
spot. They are receiving letters
from home quoting Hill. . .Car
roll Kearns of Pennsylvania, the
congressional music man, is sore
as blazes at the D.C. commis
sioners for turning down "Music
Week." "This puts the capital of
the United States behind Tillis,
USSR, in the art," says the only
congressman who is a doctor of
music. I The D.C. commissioners
argue that the nation's capital is
deluged to set aside special
weeks, all the way from sweet
potato week to hot tamale
week, has to concentrate on other
Board arrives
at final budget
figures Monday
Sptcial t The Bulletin
REDMOND Members of the
Redmond Union High School Bud
get Board came up with final fig
ures Monday evening after a late
session, set April 16 as the time
for a public hearing on the pro
posed 1962-63 budget and May 7
as the date for a vote by the district.
Total amount to be raised by
taxes is $295,595.43, a raise of $17,
918.10 over last year's figure of
$277,677.33. Total amount of the
budget is $374,345.43, an increase
of $22,692.10 over last year.
Major increase comes in the
salary column $21,719.12, a re
sult of adoption of changes in the
salary schedule for teachers. As
a result of the teacherpay in
creases, fixed charges (insurance
social security, etc.) were up
from $1500 to $1750. Student body
expenses show a new figure of
$2803.41, compared to $2366.41 for
tlie present year. The increase,
says Sunt. James Brown, is due
to tlie travel expenses necessary
in the present setup for athletic
Plant operation Is estimated at
$1250 in the new budget, compar
ed to $650 this year. Increased
cost of utilities is blamed for the
rise. Plant maintenance will cost
$1299.42 next year, compared to
$199.42 this year, the increase be
ing due to the need for paint on
one side of the building.
Capital outlay is down from
$4061.85 to $3392.85, because no
bus purchase is contemplated this
year. - A decrease of $200 also is
noted in the pupil transportation
column, the new figure being
DAR delegates,
alternates set
Daughters of the American Rev
olution, Bend chapter, at a recent
meeting named delegates and al
ternates to the state conference
that is to be held in Coos Bay on
March 22. 23 and 24. At that con
ference, Mrs. W. C. Coyner, Bend,
will become state regent, and a
large delegation plans to make
the trip to the coast city.
Delegates and alternates nam
ed were Mrs. Coyner, delegate at
large: Miss Marguerite Elder,
Mrs. Frank Ruble, Miss Zola Mc
Dougall. Mrs. W. II. Coahran,
Mrs. H. W. White. Mrs. Gladys
Gardner, Mrs. Charles Boyd,
Mrs. Ruth Martin. Miss Grace
Preston and Mrs. May Fryrcar.
Bend chapter members recent
ly met at the home of Mrs. Cecil
McKenzie in Prineville. further to
assist with final details of the or
ganization of a chapter in the
Crook County city. Sinking the
trip to Prineville were Mrs. Coy
ner, Miss Elder. Miss McDougall.
Mrs. Martin and Mrs. Coahran.
The occasion was a dinner meet
ing at Mrs. McKenzie's home.
United States set off another low
yield nuclear blast underground
in Nevada Tuesday. It was tlie
20th announced test in the current
series which beran in September.
Letters to Editor j
Tha Ballattn waleomaa eofttrfbotloiia
to UUa column from Ita Isadora. Lat
uh mnat rnnula tha correct name
and addraaa af tha aeodar. which may
ha withheld at tha nawapapara alt
eration. Letter may ha edited to eon
form to tha dlcuiee af and atyle.
Strength best refuge,
Bend writer believes
To the Editor:
In a previous letter I stated that
I did not feel that pure idealism
was an adequate defense against
aggression. Lest this should be
considered a groundless advocacy
of the inevitability of war I would
sidered a groundless advocacy of
the inevitability of war I would
like to analyze this question: Why
will expressions of peaceful inten
tions from the Western Allies not
cause any undue turn toward
pacificism among the Communist
The simplest way to answer this
question would be to point out the
uncompromising aspects of Com
munist ideology; that the Com
munist believes he has an un
yielding mission to spread his
philosophy throughout the world,
and that armed violence, if nec
essary, is quite justified to
achieve this end.
But, the ideological answer is
not adequate, of course, to fully
explain the militarism with which
we become involved on almost
every East-West issue, and only
the most naive person can con
tend that all we are up against
is the Communist Manifesto.
Many observers who are inti
mate with the Russian scene have
commented upon a certain nation
al inferiority feeling almost bord
ering on a guilt complex. This is
undoubtedly due to an acute feel
ing of industrial backwardness
which only the past few decades
has slowly obviated (though ad
mittedly in military goods at the
expense of consumer items).
Then, too, the history of what is
now the USSR is filled with ac
counts of battles and invasions.
and this has also done little to
make the Russian people feel se
cure in their international rela
Therefore, any action of an ad
versary (or even a supposed
friend, as in the case of Red Chi
na) which might be merely de
fensive in character is immedi
ately interpreted as' a threat to
Russian security and becomes a
signal for further Russian mili
tarism. On the other hand, a
sign of weakness in any adver
sary is a clear invitation for sub
version, invasion, or whatever
else is required for eventual com
munistic domination.
There are, however, other more
concrete factors at work. Tlie
Russian nation and its satellites
comprise one vast police state. Al
legiance to the Russian govern
ment is secured, not from a will
ful expression of popular majori
ties, but from loyal heads of the
various puppet governments. In
any such situation as this, then,
tlie Russian state can retain the
subservience of its citizens, both
at home and in its satellites, only
by the use of an obviously cap
able military establishment. And,
because of this factor, the mili
tary establishment has an uncom
monly large amount of influence
and power within the Soviet gov
ernment. In effect, the military
are the real Soviet "kingmakers."
Now. anyone who has ever been
exposed to the "military mind"
(either Soviet or American)
knows that its main outlook is
largely one of self-preservation of
the military system in the scheme
of tilings. This one factor, in it
self, is one of the greatest ob
stacles to peace in our time.
Actually, this fits in nicelv with
the Soviet situation. Tlie military
establishment is necessary to sub
jugate an apathetic or unwilling
citizenry, and its existence is also
an obvious demonstration to the
citizen of tlie need for guns in
stead of butter. Every military
crisis, therefore, becomes a fur
ther rationalization for the contin
uance of militarism in the inter
est of national self-preservation.
If you doubt that such a situa
tion applies even in our own coun-
try, then consider how much
money is presently spent by the
government for defense items,
and what the effect on the econ
omy would be of the cessation of
such spending. Militarism. it
seems, has its domestic political
and economic aspects as well
as its more obvious ones, even
within our own country.
For the Russians, the military
also performs the necessary func
tion of isolating the communistic
peoples from their Western neigh
bors on the other sides of the iron
and bamboo curtains. The com
munistic and capitalistic sides of
these curtains do not gracefully
stand comparison, and the com
munistic systems of government
can only retain their hold on the
people when those people are as
isolated as possible from the po
litical and economic facts of West
ern life.
In effect, so long as there is a
threat (genuine or otherwise) to
the communistic governments,
they have every reason needed
with which to rationalize to their
people that a "temporary" loss of
freedom is necessary and that
the support of a large military
establishment is beyond question.
And if, as the Western nations
maintain, the threat to the Rus
sian nation is not genuine, then
the Russian leaders will manu
facture and provoke whatever im
plied threats are needed in order
to further maintain their own
privileged leadership of the po
lice state society.
This situation, as applied to
Russia and Red China, is no dif
ferent than that which has per
tained to Hitlerite Germany or
any totalitarian form of govern
ment. This type of government
depends upon one and only one
tiling for its continued vigor and
that thing is military strength.
And, to rationalize such military
strength, you must have interna
tional ferment and, eventually,
war. For it is an axiom of his
tory that absolute power not only
corrupts absolutely, but it also
magnifies ambition far beyond all
Therefore, It would seem to this
writer that a Western "peace of
fensive" based upon impeccable
idealism would be far from suf
ficient to combat tlie realities of
world power politics. Might may
not make right (except in the
minds of the mighty) but it does
make for undisputed dominance
in the area of contention. And if
the West is convinced, as I feel
it should be, that its precepts of
liberty and human dignity are
right, then we had best be able
to defend those precepts against
those who forcibly think other
wise. Advances in science have today
brought us to the unhappy point
where military might must be ex
pressed in terms of nuclear phys
ics. This is a fact of life which
we cannot avoid, regardless of
our ideals. This new concept of
might holds direct Implications
for non-combatants as well as
combatants in any future war,
(or the radioactive effects of fu
ture warfare will not be confined
to the field of battle. Hence, it
is justifiable that we should now
fear war as we never have be
fore. Tlie moral idealists and I
fully share this mutual fear in
every respect.
Were we and our enemies all
idealists, we all would take the
quite plausible action of totally
disarming ourselves and renounc
ing further aggression. But, since
I do doubt that tlie Communists
are of such an idealistic frame of
mind, I must remain fast in my
opinion that strength, rather than
weakness, is our best refuge in
this era. And if that strength must
be dynamic and progressive in
competition with our enemies,
then nuclear testing may be tlie
price that we will have to pay in
order to retain dominance for
ideals which too many people
Uiink are self-sustaining because
they are good.
Yours truly,
D. E. Burgderfer
Bend. Oregon.
All Used Machines Carry A 90 Day Money Back Guarantee.
Was 189.50
Now Only
lie:. -
1 Only Repossessed
Reg. 169.50
Now Only
Check Our Weekly Special
Machines Priced from 1.00 to 29.50
126 Minn. Ave.
Ph. EV 2-3882
Springfield man
seeking nod
SALEM (UFIl - An electrical
worker from Springfield, Dan. N.
Cox, 47, filed Tuesday as a candi
date for the Democratic nomina
tion for governor.
Cox was the first gubernatorial
candidate to file. This made the
Democratic primary a three-way
race. The previously announced
candidates are Atty. Gen. Robert
Y. Thornton and State Sen. Wal
ter J. Pearson.
This is the second time Cox has
run for public office. In 1960, he
filed as a candidate for the Demo
cratic U.S. Senate nomination,
the long term, and ran last in a
field of six.
After Cox had filed, it was de
termined that he had not regis
tered 180 days before the filing as
the law requires, and secretary of
state Howell Appling Jr. ruled
Cox ineligible to win the nomina
tion although his name remained
on tlie May ballot. He had missed
the registration requirement by
11 days.
Cox said his platform In brief
is safety on the highways, indus
trial safety and steady employ
ment. Air freighter
forced down
by Dominicans
Republic (UPD Dominican fight
er planes fired on and forced
down an American-owned air
freighter over the coastal town of
Palo Alto Monday, it was reported
Two U.S.-made P31 fighters in
tercepted the twin-engined C46,
operated by Puerto Rico Ameri
can Airlines, fired a warning burst
of machine gun fire past its nose
and forced it to turn back to
Punta Caucedo, east of here.
The plane landed safely. None
of its three-man crew, pilot L.R.
Pomeroy, copilot J. Cleveland and
mechanic E. Bogra, was injured,
nor was the plane damaged.
The C46 was allowed to resume
its journey after Dominican offi
cials verified tlie pilot's statement
that he was flying a cargo of beef
from Haiti to Puerto Rico.
V; 0t.
by Carry Gaylord
Hart's looking at you . . . You
are the toast of the town, the
belle of the ball, the stealer of
the scene ... in one of our
pure silks, brocades, chiffons,
imported Italian cottons with
sequin trim . . . dine or dance?
It's easy to take a quick trip to
Spring . . . just step right into
Gaylord's Fashions! You'll nev
er see more dresses at one time
than you'll see right now.
Whether you're planning a trip,
wanting something new for a
special occasion, or just wishing
for something "to be lived in"
. . . you'll find a terrific selec
tion in all price ranges. Sizes
start from 3 to 15 junior ... 8
to 20 misses . . . 12't thru 26'z
. . . plus petite sizes. Prices to
suit all budgets too. '
But we don't stop at dresses,,
costumes, knits, and coordinates
. . . just everything in accessor
ies to beautifully finish a well
dressed you makes shopping so
easy, fun and satisfying
We stock everything for under,
ntath, too ... In fact, we've
been told many times that v
have the most complete selec
tion of garments and bras in
all Central Oregon. Famous
brands such as Jantien, Maiden,
form, Kickernick, Flexees, Ac
centuatt, Artemis, Miss Elaine,
Beverly Vogue, ... to please a
fastidious you.
"Imagination is the most im
portant thing . . . counts a lot
more than money does. It's not
how many clothes we have: it's
how w e wear the ones we have"
Speaking of imagination, you'll
have a ball experimenting with
our gcrjeous new array of
scarfs and costume jawelry.
Be our guest real soon? We
love having you brow se . . just
as you are . . . Our generous
Lay-Away plan is most appeal
. . . Redmond,