The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Deschutes County, Or.) 1917-1963, January 16, 1962, Page 4, Image 4

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    'At this
4 Tuesday, January 16, 1962 An Independent Newspaper
Phil F. Brogn, Associate Editor Jack MeDrmott, Advertising Manager
Glenn Cushman, General Manager Leu W. Meyers, Circulation Manager
Loren E. Dyer, Mechanical Superintendent William A. Yates, Managing Editor
Robert W. Chandler, Editor end Publisher
Enured aa Second Clan Matter. January S. 1M7, at the Puit Office at Bene. Oram Under At el Muck a, HI. Pub
lished dally excel Sunday and certain holidays by The Han d Bulletin, trie.
The Bulletin is making a policy change, and
hopes its readers agree the time has come
Juvenile troubles seems to come
In bunches. Communities can go along
for months with relatively few prob
lems. Then, in a space of weeks, half
a dozen arrests are made.
This seems to have happened In
Bend In recent weeks, although most
of us cannot be sure. The state's juven
ile code so protects young wrongdoers
that most persons have no way of find
ing out just what Is going on.
On top of the restrictions in the
state code, which are permissive and
not mandatory, juvenile courts In most
of our counties are in charge of county
judges who have little or no training In
court work.
In Deschutes county, the county
judge has chosen to make the work of
his court as little-known as is possible
under the state's "modern" code.
' This has resulted in one thing
which was foreseen by the writers or
the code. Those hauled up before the
court are largely protected; their mis
deeds are known to very few. This, In
turn, has resulted in what amounts to
unprecedented criticism of the court
and the Judge from the community, not
foreseen by authors of the law.
Some of this criticism, we believe,
is unjustified. But a portion of it Is
The Bulletin, like most newspa
pers, has been extremely careful in its
handling of news Involving juvenile
crimes. Several years ago, Rfter con
sulting with a number of parents, po
lice officers, and others, we establish
ed the news policy on juvenile mis-
Phony fisherman
The other day we printed a minor
moan about t lie lack of realism of some
TV commercials. But there's still anoth
er gripe.
The fishermen on TV shows are
On a recent evening a fellow went
Another award
During several recent legislative
sessions The Bulletin after personal
observation of the legislature In action
and after closely following its work
nominated candidates for its "man of
the year." The man so chosen was felt
by this newspaper to have been the
poorest, not the best, member of the
session just completed.
The fellow who made the awards
was not in Oregon much of the time
during the 1961 session. His knowledge
of the work of the legislature and its in
dividual members during that session
Is limited. So the nominations were
Now, however, he's been watching
interim committees and activities with
more than usual interest. This newspa
per will select an "interim man of the
year," and will add this award to the
session's man of the year previously
point your government will
come to help I hope
deeds which we have since followed.
Briefly, we have published the names of i
youngsters picked up by the police for j
offenses involving the liquor laws, and
for moving violations of the motor ve
hicle code.
When the news policy went into
effect we found one salutary effect.
Fewer juveniles were arrested for these
offenses, at least in the City of Bend.
Because of events of recent weeks,
involving other types of crime by young
offenders, we have made a re-examina-tlon
of the news policy we have been '
following. Again we have checked with '
a number of interested persons.
Because we are convinced the time
has come for a change, henceforth The
Bulletin will follow a new policy of
handling news of juvenile offenders. It
is this:
We intend to begin publishing the
names of juveniles involved in any of
fense which would be a felony if it were
committed by an adult. We also will
give their addresses. We will continue
to follow our previous practice on in
fractions of the liquor and motor vehi
cle codes.
We're convinced some good can be
accomplished by this new program, far
more good than can be accomplished by
the nearly non existent punishment
which sends youngsters back to school
bragging about their misdeeds.
We hope those of our readers who
have not been questioned in our search
for opinions on this matter will under
stand our motives in making this
change, and agree with them.
fishing in a warm Florida swamp. He
used a rig which could attract nothing
but a sun perch. He cast with the click
of his reel In the "on" position. He used
a float within 18 inches of his hook. He
used no leader.
And he caught a rainbow trout!
To date there are two leaders for
the award, both having come to the
forefront because of pop-off activities
during the current Interim period.
One, and the current leader, is
state Representative Edward N. Fade
ley of Eugene.
The other, and not too far behind
Fadeley, is representative Edward
Whelan of Portland.
Fadeley is in the lead because of
his versatility. He must even have to
spend some time thinking In order to
be wrong so many times on so many
different subjects.
Whelan occupies his runner up
position by virtue of his mastery of
the off-the-cuff remark. He obviously
doesn't spend any time in thought, he
Just opens his mouth and out it comes.
'Scrooge' Byrd makes like
Santa Claus for Du Ponts
By Drew Pearson
cherubic, charming Sen. Harry
Byrd, sometimes called the
"Scrooge of Ihe Senate," has
started out the new session char
acteristically. He is vigorously op
posing federal aid for the needy
but enthusiastically championing
federal relief for millionaires.
Byrd wasted no time last week
in proclaiming' his opposition to
President Kennedy's welfare pro
gram. As Senate Finance Chair
man, he also served notice that
he won't hold hearings on medi
cal care for the aged until the
House has acted first a delay
ing tactic that probably will hold
up the bill until adjournment day.
Yet the same Senator Byrd is
now rushing special tax benefits
through the Senate for the mil
lionaire Du Pont family. How
much this would deprive the treas
ury in tax revenue is a matter of
dispute, but the estimates run as
high as $160,000,000.
But this doesn't seem to trouble
the senator from Virginia, who is
sues press releases on how much
money government bureaus use on
press releases, and cries to the
rafters every time a penny is ap
propriated for the public.
The "Du Pont Bill," as the Du
Pont tax relief measure is called,
would provide special loopholes
for the Du Pont Company to es
cape paying full taxes on tie Gen
eral Motors stock which the courts
have ordered it to sell.
The biggest tax break, under
Byrd legislation, would go to the
Du Pont family which owns 29 per
cent of Du Pont stock through a
holding company called Christi
ana. Legal experts, who have analy
zed the bill's complex language,
claim it would provide special tax
benefits if Christiana turns its
General Motors stock over to the
individual members of the Du
Pont family.
This would encourage the
courts, which haven't yet ruled
how the General Motors stock
should be divested, to let the in
dividual stockholders keep it.
Reversing the Supreme Court
Thus, the Du Pont family might
end up in full possession of their
General Motors stock, as individ
uals not as a holding company.
This would completely thwart the
Justice Department which brought
the anti-trust case in the first
place in order to break the Du
Pont family's hold on General
In other words, the bill would
reverse the antitrust case and the
Supreme Court, and offer tax con
cessions to the Du Ponts in the
Byrd tried to ram the bill
through Congress during the clos
ing logjam last fall; the usual
tactic for pushing a bill which
can't bear too much public scru
tiny. Byrd even began hearings on
the Du Pont bill before the House
had acted. Yet he has now refus
ed to hold advance hearings on
medical care, citing the fact that
the House is supposed to act first
on financial measures.
For the Du Ponts, however,
Byrd not only waived this proce
dure but actually scheduled a
hearing in the evening for the
first time in the memory of Fi
nance Committe members.
He was finally blocked by Sens.
Paul Douglas of Illinois and Al
bert Gore of Tennessee who
threatened to keep the Senato in
session beyond the adjournment
date to debate the bill.
In a .signed statement, they
complained: "Although it has
been impossible to move in both
the House and the Senate on the
tax reform proposals of the Presi
dent, we find that a bill for the
relief of those who are among the
highest income groups in the coun
try is treated with loving care and
tender mercy by the committees
of Congress."
Now Byrd Is trying to complete
the chore he began last fall for the
Du Ponts.
Two Biggest GOP Contributors
The two biggest contributors to
Republican campaign funds dur
ing recent years have been mem
bers of the Du Pont family and
General Motors executives. In
1956, the last year that the Senate
did a workmanlike job of keeping
accurate accounts thanks to
Senator Gore the Du Pont fam
ily was listed as giving the huge
total of $138,745 to the Republi
cans, nothing to the Democrats.
In that same year. General Mo
tors executives were listed as giv
ing $163,250 to the Republicans,
nothing to the Democrats. Total
from the two groups. $301,995.
Senator Byrd. nominally a Dwn
ocrat, has either voted or worked
against his own Democratic na
in n
51 Oregon Ave. Ph. EV 2-1611
tional ticket in the last three elec
tions and for the Republicans.
In addition to the amounts listed
in national elections, the Du Pont
family sprinkled money lavishly
in various states, from South Da
kota to Delaware, to elect local
Senate and congressional candi
dates. None of these contributions
are tax-exempt. But the effect of
the Byrd legislation would give the
Du Ponts and General Motors
benefits far greater than the gen
erous gifts to Republican cam
paigns. Inside Laos
President Kennedy is preparing
to dump the pro-Western Royal
Laotian leader, Prince Boun Oum,
and switch his support to Neutral
ist Prince Souvanna Phouma. The
President has decided that Sou
vanna, whom the CIA helped top
ple from power a year ago, is not
a Communist stooge and has a
better chance of preserving Laos
independence than the unpopular
Boun Oum.
Meanwhile, Prince Boun Oum
and his Royal Laotian forces may
revive the civil war in a desper
ate effort to salvage some author
ity in Laos. The real power be
hind Boun Oum is his tough De
fense Minister, General Phoumi,
who realizes he will be relegated
to the ash heap If there is a coali
tion government.
This Is why we haven't been
able to get an agreement.
Letters the Ed
The Bulletin tralcomel contribution!
to this column from Ita reudffrs. tat
ter must contain the correct name
and addrts of Uie eender. nhlch muy
be wluiheld at the newspaper' dis
cretion, letters mar be edited to con
form to the dictatea of taste and stele.
trial costs reviewed
To the Editor:
This letter is written in response
to an article carried on page five
of the January 5th issue of The
Bulletin under the caption "Bills
piling up in aftermath of Gorge
murders." In that article it was
pointed out that Jefferson County
has accumulated approximately
$14,000.00 in bills as a result of
the "court action against Jean
nace Freeman and Gertrude Jack
son." Unfortunately this state
ment is closer to the truth than
many people realize. As one of
the appointed defense attorneys
for Mrs. Jackson, I have gathered
some additional information which
I feel might present a clearer pic
ture. The article points out that of the
$14,000.00 the largest share is ac
counted for by attorneys' costs,
which amount to $13,233.53. It is
pointed out that there were five
attorneys working on the two
cases in addition to the District
Attorney of Jefferson County, who
is paid on salary. Each of the two
defendants had two attorneys ap
pointed by the court for defense
purposes. The fifth outside attor
ney was hired by Jefferson Coun
ty to assist their District Attorney
as a special prosecutor. Every at
torney has the duty, as an officer
of Uie court, to defend persons ac
cused before that court of a crime
when appointed by the judge. It is
expected that he will carry out
this defense with the same ability
and vigor that he would exercise
in some other case that might be
more remunerative or popular
with the general public. If the ac
cused is charged with a felony the
attorney is entitled to $75.00 for
each appearance in court for a
maximum of three appearances.
After that time his services are
free. He is also entitled to the
reasonable expenses which he in
curs in connection with the de
fense. Miss Freeman and Mrs.
Jackson were each indicted for
first degree murder in connection
with the death of both of the chil
dren and many appearances were
made by Uie attorneys in connec
tion with all four of the indict
ments. Each of the four appointed
defense atto-neys received a total
fee of $450.00, representing three
appearances each on the two in
dictments against his client. Total
attorneys' foes for the defense of
both defendants on all four indict
ments was $1800.00.
Under reasonable expenses Uie
defense attorneys, tliree of whom
were from Bend, collected mileage
totalling $276.52, reimbursement
for stenographic expense in the
amount of $144.05, and approxi
mately $700.00 was expended for
expert medical witnesses of one
nature' or another. Mrs. Jackson's
doctors did not submit their bill
through her attorneys and their
bill is therefore estimated at $400.
00 included within Uie $700.00 fig-
Because you don't use
your car for business or don't
drive over 30 miles a
week commuting to work.
Solon, educator
say Young Demos
EUGENE (UPD-A state sena
tor and an educator say Oregon
Young Democrats meant well but
were misinformed In opposing
changes in freshman admission
standards at the University of
The YD executive board Sunday
passed a resolution saying a "C
grade average should continue to
qualify high school students for
admission. They said upping it to
a B would lead to education
of a "privileged minority."
The Young Democrats acted
after faculty at the University
proposed changes in automatic
admission levels in order to pro
vide some controls on booming
But R. D. Clark, dean of fac
ulty and chairman of the admis
sions policy committee, said the
Young Democrats misunderstood
the faculty recommendation.
He said "C" level freshmen still
would be admitted, but on a se
lective basis instead of automatic
ally. Testing would be used to
set priorities.
State Sen. Robert Straub, D
Eugene, said he appreciated the
concern of the Young Democrats,
but felt they were misinformed.
Straub said as long as enroll
ments increase and emergency
funds are lacking, "some plan
must be devised to preserve the
quality of education" at' the Uni
versity. itor
ure. The total expenses for Miss
Freeman came to $833.00, includ
ing $310.00 for expert medical
evaluation, and the total expenses
for Mrs. Jackson came to $337.90
plus an estimated $400.00 for ex
pert medical evaluation. I assume
that Uie term "attorneys' costs"
as used In Uie article included all
of these expenses in addition to
the statutory fees.
The important point for Uie pub
lic to realize is that defense at
torneys in criminal matters,
whether court appointed or not,
usually have meager resources at
their disposal, as compared with
the state's well-knit and experi
enced team quarter-backed by the
prosecutor's office and including
all state and local law enforce
ment agencies plus experts from
Uie state crime lab and other
state agencies. This team normal
ly has a chance to run a number
of their plays immediately after
Uie defendant is arrested and long
before the defense attorney even
gets into Uie ball game. Jefferson
County wanted these women pro
secuted and they were Uie ones
that decided the methods and
means they would use. If $14,
000.00 is the present total cost,
then Jefferson County spent $3,
371.97 for defense costs for Uie
women and $10,628.03 for prosecu
Uon costs. If your figure of $13,
233.53 for total attorneys' costs
is used as a criterion, then this
would mean that as compared
again with $3,371.97 for attorney's
fees and costs for Uie defense,
there was $9,861.56 spent on at
torneys' fees and costs for Uie
prosecution. In both cases it is
roughly three times as much.
Likewise, neither of these figures
include any amounts for the serv
ices of the District Attorney of
Jefferson County who is paid on
Contrary to Uie final paragraph
of your article, Uie costs on the
two attorneys defending Jeannace
Freeman have come in. All bills
are paid to date except for bills
incurred in connection with Uie
prosecuUon of Uie mandatory ap
peal of Miss Freeman's death
sentence to Uie Supreme Court
Miss Freeman's attorneys wiU be
awarded a reasonable fee for that
appeal by Uie Supreme Court
which will be paid by Jefferson
County. Experience would indi
cate that it wiU be an extremely
modest one. Jefferson County will,
of course, have to pay their at
torneys the same as any private
client would, excepting for the Dis
trict Attorney, who is on salary.
It is only fair that Uie state pro
vide certain safeguards to persons
accused of crimes and this is par
ticularly true where Uie state, if
raaaaeapewi II II Jlt ) )awiiyj
. . . s . . 1
1 - i IX .-' ' 4
ik v; J l.s
PREGAME SKIT The Bend High school Growlers, a volunteer
boys rally group, entertains before each home basketball
game with a short skit. Brett Marriott, right, shows Sharron
Simonis a pistol that was used in Saturday's game with The
JFK expected
to offer budget
on Thursday
dent Kennedy is expected to send
Congress Thursday a $92.6 billion
spending budget for fiscal 1963,
including more than $5 bmion for
Uie U.S. man-on-the-moon project
and other space exploration.
The budget, for Uie 12 months
starting July 1, will be Uie larg
est for a peacetime year. But
Kennedy, forecasting revenues at
a record $93 billion, will offer a
$400 million surplus to keep his
pledge to submit a budget in Uie
Military spending, as it has for
many years, will be the biggest
single item in Uie budget, ac
counting for more than half of all
ouUays. AdministraUon sources
said Uie spending figure would be
about $48.5 billion.
The President plans to ask $4.9
billion for foreign aid, it was
learned. This would be abcut $465
million less than he requested
last year.
Kennedy was said to be asking
nearly $4 billion for Uie National
Aeronautics and Space Adminis
tration. It would not be spent en
tirely in fiscal 1963, in all prob
ability. However, the agency
would spend considerably more
than this year's $1.3 billion.
The President also was expect
ed to ask Congress to appropri
ate an additional $1.5 billion for
development of boosters and
other space probe equipment by
the Defense Department, Atomic
Energy Commission, and Weath
er Bureau.
Achievement of the revenue
surplus envisioned by Uie Presi
dent will depend on many things
over which Uie administration has
only limited control and influ
ence. Routine check
of merger made
Federal Trade Commission says
it is making a routine check into
the proposed merger of Cascades
Plywood and U.S. Plywood.
The FTC said it did not know
when it would reach any conclu
sions. The merger plans were an
nounced recenUy in a statement
issued in Portland.
it prevails, intends to take a life
as forfeit. It is a David and Go
liath battle, at best. If Goliath
should eat more, I don't believe
his handlers should be heard to
Very truly yours,
Lyman C. Johnson
Bend, Oregon,
January 10, 1962
entire stock reduced!
yi988 and 5
( i " "
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i.f " Jajr?v'
y "
is i
At last
Pel ton Dam
is approvedl
SALEM (UPD State Engineer
Lewis Stanley today gave Port
land General Electric Co. a state
license for PGE's Pelton Dam on
the Deschutes River.
PGE built Uie dam without
state approval some years ago.
A court test that went all the
way to Uie U.S. Supreme Court
showed that a state license wasn't
The ruling in Uie 1955 case,
which had national implicaUons,
was that only a federal license
was necessary.
The 1961 legislature passed a
law allowing Uie state to grant
a state license not in conflict
with federal law, and this is the
act under which Stanley issued
PGE a license today. The state
license will bring in an annual
fee of $30,313 from PGE for the
Pelton project. Tie license is for
50 years. PGE already has paid
a preliminary fee of $10,104.
The license says PGE can use
up to 11,700 cubic feet of water
per second from the Deschutes
Rancher Don Hight. who drove a
herd of cattle 70 miles to save a
$2,000 freight bill then sold them
for $350,000, left for Hollywood
Monday and a role in a television
Western series about catUe driv
ers. 'ALuDAyLqisG
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945 Wall
EV 2-2391
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