The Bend bulletin. (Bend, Deschutes County, Or.) 1917-1963, March 01, 1955, Page 4, Image 4

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. An Independent Newspaper
Robert W. Chandler, Editor and Publisher
Phil F. Brogan, Associate Editor
Member, Audit Bureau of Circulation
tool Olaaa Mtttar. January , 11T M th Pxt Oirica at Bend. On
on under Act at March 1, 1ST.
The Bend Bulletin, Tuesday,, March 1. 1955
Oil Minimum Rates,
J Members of the legislative committee of the local
cijamber of commerce spent two hours the other night
discussing the pros and cons of a bill now in the state
legislature which would give the state Public Utilities
Commissioner power to regulate truck,, rail and barge
rates on Oregon intrastate shipments.
At the present time, any intrastate rates which are
ridinir rataail 'mnr.4- . L 1 ' 11. . ...
..0 ' mni, inai jiave me approval 01 the com-
issioner. When rates are to be lowered, however, the
mmissioner controls only truck and barge rates. Rail
ads, after a court fight, are freed from this control.
Iruckers contended that it is difficult for them to
npete in some instances with railroads because, thev
y, the railroads are willing to take losses in some areas
freeze out competition. Railroad men denied this
urge and said the Interstate Commerce Cnmmi Rstinn
will not allow them to charge rates below the cost of
j The fact remains that the railroads can drop rates
orj short notice, with no immediate control over such
.drops in the case of shipments made within the boun
daries of the state. Truckers and barge operators must
got prior approval before such reductions are made.
If the contention of the railroad representatives was
true, and we have nq reason to doubt it, then it is diffi
cult to see why they would object to being regulated on
thp same basis as their competition.
We are not sure the present bill is the only solution
to.the problem, but it is the only solution which has heen
presented in the legislature to date. Some believe there
shjould be no regulation over minimum rates whatsoever.
Wfe can see points, however, where this could be danger
ous, and believe the present bill is probably the best so-
. lupon under the circumstances.
ijiank the United Fund
Most of us are accustomed to thinking f the United
Find only once a year, in the fall when the solicitor
cojnes around to request our annual donation.
This week, Kbwever, you can thank the United Fund,
thftnk it because you aren't being asked to dig down in
your jeans and pungle up a few bucks again.
i For this week is the traditional week that the Amer
ican Red Cross holds its fund drive. Locally the Red
Cioss is part of the UF in fact, it's the largest sinirle
recipient of funds garnered in Deschutes county by the
two UJ organizations so there is no separate fund
drive by the ARC here.
So as you go about your particular tasks, give a lit
tle "thank you" to the UF, which saves you from being
hit up again, again and again for fund donations.
The Bear That Went Over the Mountains
Eastern' Shows A A MeiTiberS
4ccep Pictures . ,
By Bend Men MM Ifl Mllld
12 Vital Rules
Two outstanding local photogra
phers, Wilfred Jossy and Joe Van
Wormer, had pictures accepted for
recent eastern exhibitions at Chi
cago and Rochester, N.Y.
One of two prints by Jossy ac
cepted for the Chicago Nature
Show captured an honorable men
tion. This picture, "Night Land
ing," had been sweepstakes win
ner in a recent local competition
sponsored by the Cascade Camera
club. It again received honorable
mention at the Rochester showing.
Van Wormer was given a medal
award at the Rochester exhibition
for his picture "Treed," entered
in the nature classification. It was
one of three by Van Wormer ac
cepted for both Rochester and Chi
cago showings.
LUCAS, Kan. (UP) Roy
Miller got a 0955 model auto in
an even swap for his used car.
But his old car was a little out
of the ordinary a 1908 Buicli,
complete with original tires and
carbide lights that work. It had
been in Miller's family since bis
father bought it.
Edson in Washington
CAB Subject of Heavy Pressure
Unemployment Fund Status
While legislative committees study the various un
employment compensation law amendment proposals in
troduced since the opening of the 1955 assembly it will
be well if they weigh each in terms of its probable ef
fect on the compensation fund itself.
Currently the balance in the fund is an approximate
$58,000,000. By June, if it follows what seems to be in
the nature of a trend, this amount will have shrunk to
$53,000,000. At its peak not many years ng:, the fund
had mounted to more than $80,000,000. -
That, it is probable, was too much. At least it was an
invitation to those who believed that benefits were too
low, that they did not start early enough after employ
ment was interrupted, and that they did not last long
enough if unemployment continued, tt was an invitation,
also, to those who believed that the taxes on employers,
, source of every dollar paid in Oregon for unemployment
compensation, were too high.
So benefits were increased, as to amount and dura
tion, and tax rales were lowered. The fund, reservoir
from which benefits are drawn and recipient of the taxes
collected from employers, ceased to gain, then gradually
diminished. In the past year it has diminished somewhat
more rapidly than gradually.
Critical ratio of the fund to the average annual cov
ered payroll of Oregon industry will be reached when the
fund has dropped to an approximate $26,000,000. If the
present rate of shrinkage, continues that point can be
reached in another three years.
Whenever it is reached, what is known as experi
ence rating will cease to be. There will be one tax rate
and one only oh all covered payrolls 2.7 per cent, in
stead of the present range of from .3 to 2.7 per cent.
Now the .3 per cent rate and, in fact, all rates be
low that of 2.7 per cent arc earned rates. Vhcy are low
er because of the relative absence of unemployment
maintained by employing units over a period of years.
The 2.7 rate is not earned; it is the maximum.
It was not always so. At the beginning of unemploy
ment compensation in Oregon the maximum rate was 1.7
per cent. This was forced down not by employer n-diic
tion of layoffs nor by reforming a hire 'em - lire em
way of personnel management but by pressure group
' As long as that legislation remains on the books the
2.7 per cent maximum will stay as it is regardless of the
depletion of the fund. 1 he employers who have not heen
responsible for depletion, who have, rather, worked
against depletion, will be the ones called upon to bring it
back to safe level.
" Legislation to correct this contradictory and unfair
condition should be considered while the provisions fo
condition should be considered while the provisions for
higher benefits and closer eligibility control, which may
or may not be in the buluncc, are ucing gone over in &a
NKA Washington Correspondent
dent Eisenhower's reversal of his
previous reversal of a Civil Aero
nautics Board decision in the west
coast-Hawaii commercial airline
case focuses new attention on po
litical pressures being brought to
bear on CAB.
As finally approved by the Presi
dent, Northwest Airlines and Pan
American Airways will operate
parallel routes from Seattle-Portland
lo Honolulu for three years.
Pan American and United will op
erate from Los Angeles-San Fran
cisco to Honolulu.
Last December, by a unanimous
five-to-nothing vole, CAB rceom
mended that Northwest bo granted
a permanent certificate to operate
Poi'tlund-Seallle to Honolulu,
On Feb. 2, In an unprecedented
action, the White House made
public a letter from President Eis
enhower to Acting CAB Chairman
Chan Curacy. It rejected the
board's recommendation on this
and olher aspects of the larger.
transpacific airline route applica
tion cases.
The action was unprecedented
because it was. the first time since
CAB was set un in 1!38 that one
of its fivc-lo-nothing recommenda
tions had heen overruled hy any
President. For the While House to
make public this controversy was
Hinshaw (R., Calif.), one of the
pioneers in civil aviation matters,
introduced bills to prevent CAB
and CAA domination by the Com
merce Department.
Anyway, C li a i r m a n Gur-
ney was able to present lo tins
While House conference h l s
board's reasons for keeping North
west in business on the Honolulu
route. Much of this data had not
been presented to the President
before by his staff and advisers.
On the basis of this informa
tion, President Eisenhower de
cided to reverse his reversal of
Ihe original CAB five-to-nothing
recommendation at least in part.
Northwest was put back in the
picture, though not on a perma
nent and exclusive basis, as CAB
recommended. Pan Am was kept
in, too.
CAB lawyers went lo work draft
ing new orders to' carry out the
President's changed decision.
They were all ready for issuance
Tuesday afternoon, Feb. 15. But
they were held up till the next
.Right up to the very last minute,
there was heavy pressure applied
to get Ihe President to go back to
his original reversal of the CAB
recommendations. It was report
ed that at one point Secretary
Weeks had threatened to resign if
this wis not done. This the secre
tary denies. But Ihe President
Atomic Device
Fired in Nevada
stuck to his original second
unheard of.
Usual procedure if for the
President lo sign draft orders
prepared hy CAB, then issue sun
plementary orders. Or, if tile Pres
ident does not like the draft or
ders, Ihcy are quietly sent back f I .3nl,,m
;Gold Mill Used
Ihe Verdi Development Co., an
nounced that the board of direc
tors has approved of t ho
for revision before being made
puouc ny v. am lison. SAN J.-RANCISCO
in mis case, ine wane Mouse
staff feared there would lie a leak.
So they gave out nil the details
The resulting explosion in avia
tion circles was louder than a jet
breaking the sound barrier. What
this looked like was that Norlh
west Airlines, which hail pioneered
the Seattle-Portland to Honolulu
-onto, was being frozen out to
ive Pan Am preference as Ihe
'ovommenl's "chosen inslru-
nent," which it long desired lo lie
Donald W. Nyrop. president of
Northwest, flew into Washington
uid started dropping bombs. Hav
ing heen both Civil Aeronautics
adiuiiiislnitor and chairman of
CAB, he knew all the vulnerable
targets, lie began by calling con
gressmen, asking Ihem to call Ihe
White House and CAB lo find out
what went on.
Sen. Wurrai Magnuson, ill.
Wash) preiMised an invesli
Ration ol i ah and a new law to itf'jyifcfl
take away Hie President's right toi jil
allocate foreign airline mutes and 'M&Al
terrilories. I MfeN
Republican CAIi Acting Chair-! i"?V
i VP)
A compact atomic test device
packing all the explosive punch of
Ihe obsolete and bulky weapon
that destroyed Hiroshima was de
tonated today during a mock
tombing attack by U. S. fighter
bombers capable of carrying it.
So powerful was the device, de
scribed in advance by one Atomic
Energy Commission source as a
"baby" bomb, that its pre-dawn
flash was seen in a 1000-mile arc
Uicross six states, Idaho, Oregon,
Utah, Arizona, California and
Two hours after the blast shook
the Nevada desert, the Al'JC offi
cially described its potency as
identical with the Washington's
birthday shot last week.
That Feb. 22 explosion was
never officially reported in terms
of "yield.
But unofficial estimates by ob
servers who have witnessed most
or all of the 33 previous detona
tions here set it as equivalent of
20,000 tons of TNT or letter. The
Hiroshima and Nagasaki borubs
blasted with a force of approxi
mately 25,000 tons of TNT.
The description of the weapon
as a "baby" by the AEC scientist
prior to the blast, and the official
statement later led observers to
believe the source was talking in
terms of weapon bulk instead of
The AEC never has revealed cr
fit-ally the yield of its test devices.
Today's test, the third of the 19.Yi
nuclear experimental series, was
Car Production
Continues High
DETROIT (UP) The automobile
industry roared into its fourth con
secutive month of record-breaking
production today with the question
of how long it can keep running
at capacity still unanswered.
Despite record winter sales, auto
mobile inventories rapidly were
Hearing their highest levels in his
tory. A slackening of the produc
tion pace which started in Decem
ber appeared inevitable. But there
were no signs it was near at hand.
March production was expected
to soar to the highest one month
level in history, more than 750,000
new cars. That would push pro
duction for the first throe months
of the year to nearly 2.100,000 new
cars. It added to fears of many
that the all-out production would
bring a slump, short work weeks
or unemployment later in the year
in the industry which is a keystone
of the national economy.
The fears were founded on the
industry's own predictions of the
1935 new car market. Most pre
dicted a market of 5,500.000 to
5.600,000. The most optimistic pre
diction was the 5,800,000 predic
tion of General Motors president
Harlow H. Curtice.
If production readied 2,100,000
by Ihe end of March, that would
mean enough cars would have been
turned out already to meet 36 per
cent of the demand Curtice expect
ed. But il appeared likely the pro
duction would continue at near
capacity pace through June, bar
ring labor trouble.
It this happens, production would
mount to 4,200,000 cars by the end
of June, 72 per cent of the total
Curtice said would be sold all
(Fourth of a series.)
Farlier in this series we spoke
of the twelve steps of Alcoholics
Anonymous, belief in and practice
of which have successfully helped
over 150,000 persons to fight off
the disease of alcoholism which
had ruined their lives.
We smke of the first step ad
mitting that alcohol was a prob
lem, and that the person involved
was unable to handle the problem
by himself.
What arc the other steps?
Self-help and group help run
through them. They are:
1. Members admit that there is
a power greater than themselves,
a power which could help restore
them to sanity ana usetui nves.
3. Members agree to turn tneir
v.: over to that higher power,
God if you will,, as they under
ctnuft fhnt nower.
4. Members make a completely
fearless and searching moral in
wontnrv of themselves.
5. They admit to their God, to
themselves and to some other per-
tnn the exact nature of their
6. They are completely willing
to have their character defects
7. They ask God to remove their
8. They list all persons they
harmed, and admit willingness to
make amends wherever possioie.
9. They make those amends, ex
cepting where lo do so wouia in
iure others.
10. They continue tneir personal
inventory, and remain willing ra
admit they are wrong.
11. Thev continue through pray
er and meditation to ask for help
in their problems.
12. Finally, they try to carry
their message to other alcoholics
and put their principles into ef
fect in all their affairs.
These are fine, high - sounding
principles, you say, and anyone
ought to be able to follow them
But are they?
How many times have you ad
mittcd you were doing something
over which you had no control
How many times have you been
willing to admit you were wrong
and keep that admission up?
As we said earlier, it's a long,
tough row to hoe and many fall
by the wayside. Hundreds of per
sons start out to ask for help and
can't get through the first step.
But, a person who enters into
the program whole-heartedly 'can
bo helped. In fact, AA is almost
the only place he can get help.
To prevent freezing of concrete
during winter construction of tall
industrial chimneys, M. W. Kcl-
If you find it hard to swat
mosquito it 's because it has many-
faceted eyes that .can see in all
directions. These eyes are very
logg Co. wraps the whole job in sensitive to motion, though they
king - sized electric blankets. do not register sharp images
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Bend F iirniturc
930 Wall
California moved another step; not only a practice bombing run
away from the days of the Forty- for Air Force fighter - bombers,
niners with announcement of the Thirty nine other evaluations were
proposed conversion of a gold mill! conducted with it.
into a uranium milling and leach-1 Actually, the device was touched
ig plant. I off atop a 300-foot tower at Yucca
Clifford Gillespie.- president of : Flat inside Ihe huge Nevada Prov
ing Grounds.
llrig. Gen. Fred W. Sladcn Jr.
deputy exercise director,
Beck Gold Mill near Mt. Solcdad ; nounced there were no casualties
in Kern county for conversion. among the 600 troops, including 25
Gillespie said his company now j Marines, dug into trenches -1000
has sufficient ore blocked out lo yards from "target zero" beneath
warrent immediate use of'thc mill, .he tower.
man Gurney and Chief Counsel ; VTi
Kmorv T. Nnnnrlev. Jr.. were 1$
called lo Ihe While House. Present
were Secrolary of Commerce Sin
clair Weeks, former I'lidcrsei'ie-
tary Robert H. Murray, Jr., and
Gov. Sherman Adams.
The presence of Weeks ami Mur
ray was cousideivd significant.
CAH is supposed to operate as an
independent, qiMsi-judicial body,
five from Commerce Department
interference. Hut over the past
that Commerce officials were try
ing lo influence CAH influence.
In Hie lust Congress, Rep. Carl
lm Angeles
other rates from Bend
Atlanta $1.90
Denver 1.30
Sun Francisco ..... .85
Seattle 70
Station to station rjijs. not including l.i lot 3
minutes aftei 6 p.m. weekdays and all day Sunday
Save time call by number
Mvn; .toe
. 7 to III p.m.
Marl March I, lo 2D
iV; rMc Iclophoi.l wains lu inant iMphont bi,;ci viiti ci) day
I -t
tconomy P"" 'ou
beading, hand
Wnfl"" Colof choice,
long o come, w
-in y ''mvyui" " 1" I1 ii H J i inmvmrmrrriMiym
1012 Wall
Ph. 392-W