East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current, April 01, 2017, WEEKEND EDITION, Page Page 8C, Image 26

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    Page 8C
OUTSIDE
East Oregonian
Saturday, April 1, 2017
Bill would reward tipsters in poaching cases
By MARK FREEMAN
Medford Mail-Tribune
The Oregon Legislature
is mulling a bill that would
offer increased sport-hunting
opportunities for people
who turn in and help pros-
ecute wildlife poachers,
yet hunters themselves are
questioning whether it’s the
right approach to curb illegal
wildlife killing.
House Bill 3158 would
allow the Oregon Department
of Fish and Wildlife to offer,
for instance, a guarantee
to purchase a tough-to-get
Rocky Mountain elk tag in
an Eastern Oregon hunting
unit for someone who helps
Oregon State Police capture
and convict an elk poacher in
that same hunting unit.
The bill is being pushed
as a complement to the Turn
In Poachers (TIP) program
managed by the Oregon
Hunters Association that
pays cash rewards for similar
assistance.
The bill is co-sponsored
by Republican Rep. Mike
McLane of Powell Butte
and Rep. Sal Esquival of
Medford and it received its
fi rst public hearing Thursday
in the House Committee
on Agriculture and Natural
Resources.
McLane, whose district
includes eastern Jackson
County and a sliver of
northeast Medford, said
he drafted the bill after
learning from a hunting
outfi tter friend that Utah has
a similar program to help
curb poaching.
“For a lot of the hunters,
getting a tough-to-get tag is
actually more valuable than a
$500 reward,” McLane said.
“Poachers are cheaters,”
McLane said. “They’re crim-
inals. No one likes them.”
However, OHA leaders,
who are always looking for
ways to curb poaching, say
such a program could bring
unintentional pitfalls.
Paul Donheffner, the
former director of the
Oregon State Marine Board
who is chair of OHA’s
legislative committee, said
the bill as written contains a
broad defi nition of wildlife
that makes meting out more
tags potentially problematic,
particularly in hunts with
very limited tag numbers.
In the case of bighorn
sheep, for instance, ODFW
offers only a handful of tags
in this once-in-a-lifetime
hunting opportunity, and
“there may be reasons why
you don’t want to offer” an
extra tag.
“The devil’s in the
details,” Donheffner said.
“We appreciate the effort to
come up with tools to combat
poaching. “We’re just not
sure it’s the right tool.”
McLane said he may
consider amending the bill to
drop the hunting tag opportu-
nity and instead offer “pref-
erence points,” which are
part of an ODFW system to
give hunters unsuccessful at
drawing hard-to-get hunting
tags a greater shot at future
success.
Donheffner said OHA
leadership has always been
leery of using preference
points as “candy for different
kinds of things and different
kinds of people.”
Duane Dungannon, secre-
tary of the Medford-based
OHA, said the association is
interested in adding to the bill
mandatory restitution paid to
the TIP program by poachers
convicted with the help of a
TIP reward.
Prosecutors
across
Oregon are inconsistent
in requesting restitution to
TIP, which is funded largely
through restitution covering
the amount of reward paid
in the defendant’s particular
case, Dungannon said.
The OHA pays out about
$13,000 a year from TIP,
which allows informants to
remain anonymous yet still
receive payments.
Capt. Jeff Samuels, who
heads the Oregon State
Police Fish and Wildlife
Division, which partners
with the OHA in TIP, said
66 informants were paid TIP
money involving 62 cases in
Oregon during the past two
years.
Sockeye salmon
removed from
fl ood-threatened
Idaho hatchery
By KEITH RIDLER
Associated Press
Steve Tool/EO Media Group
Bowerman Ranch co-owner Wendy McCullough with just a few of her goat friends at the foot of Mt. Joseph.
The goats with the most
By STEVE TOOL
EO Media Group
A
nytime you see Bowerman
Ranch co-owner Wendy
McCullough, you can bet that
goats aren’t far from her thoughts.
In the shadow of Mt. Joseph, at the
end of road named for her family, the
third generation to live on the ranch
quietly goes about her business of
raising goats.
For the most part, these are not milk
goats. These goats are for the dinner
table.
McCullough, a Wallowa County
native, has raised goats on the sever-
al-hundred acre ranch since 2006.
It has been a circuitous route back
to the ranch McCullough was raised
on. After graduation from Joseph High
School, McCullough left the area in
1969 to attend Oregon State University.
She married and moved to Baker City,
where she lived for the next 13 years
before departing for the warmer climes
of Arizona where she stayed six years,
before making a move to Virginia
for another 13 years. Still, Wallowa
County was never far from her mind.
McCullough’s mother, who lived on
the ranch, passed away in 2004 and
McCullough saw the possibility to return
and keep the family business running.
“I’d wanted to come back for years,”
she said. “The kids were grown up and I
took the chance.”
McCullough quit her job in Virginia
and returned to Bowerman Ranch in
2006. That’s when the work started.
The ranch had fallen into disuse and
the grass was eye-high. She had heard
that goats were good at clearing land. A
love affair started when she rented goats
to eat down the grass.
“They did a marvelous job, and I
rented them for two more months,” she
said. “I was in love with the goats, and I
thought, ‘This is my calling.’”
The goats stayed for the winter, and
McCullough bought six of the them and
the seller threw in an seventh for free.
She was in.
McCullough started raising goats for
meat, laughing that she’s too lazy for
milking. The goats are mainly Boers and
Boers crossed with Texmasters, which
are 85 percent Myotonic, or fainting
goats. The fainting helps build muscle,
which translates into meat, which is
USDA inspected and gaining a regional
following through both retail stores and
Saturday market sales. McCullough’s
partner in the venture is fellow goat
raiser Nancy Noble.
“It’s grass fed, low fat, high protein
and low cholesterol,” she said. “It’s
yummy!”
She also raises some Boer/La
Mancha goats to provide milk for her
other venture, Sally B. Farms, which
features handmade goat milk soap. That
entity is McCullough’s own venture.
The ranch still belongs to the Bowerman
Family Trust.
At the moment, McCullough has 25
adult goats, along with some young kids.
“Once in awhile, if one of the market
goats has an unusual personality, I’ll
hang a name on it while it’s here,” she
said.
McCullough is currently in the
midst of kidding season, which has its
diffi culties.
“Kidding is fun, but there’s a
lot of stress involved between cold
weather and water freezing,” she said.
McCullough also said that she wouldn’t
have made it though the fi rst season if
not for her friend Debbie Gilbert, who
showed her the ropes.
“It didn’t matter when I called her.
If I had a question or needed help at
the barn she was always there for me,”
McCullough said.
The most challenging part, though,
is the amount of time involved in their
care.
“You have to feed them twice a day,
trim feet, give shots, stuff like that. It’s
time consuming.”
At the same time, McCullough also
fi nds her chosen profession rewarding.
“I just love these goats. I’m putting
out a good product.”
DOJO: Part of the training deals with mental, spiritual strength
Continued from 1C
aggressor’s arm and disable
them.”
Stephens also teaches
his students not to harm the
opponent right away.
“Don’t cut them,” he says,
placing a wooden sword
on his opponent’s arm, but
applying no pressure. “If they
move, they choose whether
they get cut or not.”
Stephens said he began
studying martial arts after
reading a few books about the
subject. His students say they
were drawn in by the desire to
try something new.
“I mainly started out of
curiosity,” said Perez, a purple
belt student who has been
training for nearly three years.
“I had a lot of perceptions
about martial arts, things I saw
on TV or in fi lms. This turned
out to be much different.”
Stephens said his training
occasionally comes in handy
for his job as a fi refi ghter.
“In my line of work, we
have to be very gentle most
of the time,” he said. “But
there are times when you
have violent people — the
cops might call us. I might
go in, push on some things.
It’s easier to handcuff them if
they’re focused on something
else.”
As Stephens demonstrates
different techniques to his
students, he points out there’s
really only one principle to
remember.
“The grandmaster says
there’s only one technique
— and that’s to change,”
Stephens said. He relies
often on compromising the
opponent’s eyesight, and
disrupting their balance. Each
class is unique, and the next
class may look completely
different than this one.
Although the class teaches
people how to fi ght, Stephens
said the warrior should be at
peace inside.
“There should be no
fi ghting in your heart,” he said.
“Things unfold, hopefully the
way they’re supposed to, and
hopefully in your favor.”
But it’s still about combat.
“We learn how to use
weapons in the fi rst class,”
he said, as his students fi ght
using swords. “Humans have
been using weapons for thou-
sands of years. It’s all combat.
You’re trying to break them
down.”
Stephens said he doesn’t
currently teach any military
professionals, and is not a
veteran himself, but mental
training can be as important
as physical for those who may
have to infl ict physical harm
on others for their jobs. Part of
the Bujinkan training, he said,
is to deal with the realities of
hurting other people.
“It helps balance the mind
with things you have to do in
the physical world,” he said.
“Soldiers train mentally from
a young age to accept the fact
that to protect land, to protect
themselves, they may have to
kill and be OK with that. It
delves into spiritual access.”
The spiritual aspect of the
class is not religious, although
Stephens said Bujinkan
incorporates both Shinto and
Buddhist principles.
“Bujinkan itself doesn’t
push anyone’s religion,”
he said. “But they expect
everyone to have some spiri-
tual pursuit.”
An hour into class,
Stephens and his students sit
down on the mat for a break.
Stephens pours hot tea out of
a small stone teapot, and the
students take out notebooks
while the sensei tells stories
about his training experi-
ences, or other knowledge
he’s gleaned over the years.
“The tea break is to
transmit the oral traditions of
the art,” Stephens said.
Stephens said training in
the martial arts has helped
him be more relaxed in other
aspects of his life.
“As a younger man, I had
issues with ... most of the time
I was calm, but I would have
fi ts of rage,” he said. “This
beat it out of me.”
Stephens added that in
real life, attacks may not be
physical, but emotional or
ideological. Training, he said,
has helped him remain calm
in the face of those problems.
“I think on a spiritual level
it helps you grow as a person,”
he said. “It doesn’t bother me
anymore.”
–——
Contact
Jayati
Ramakrishnan at 541-564-
4534 or jramakrishnan@
eastoregonian.com
BOISE, Idaho — About
4,000 endangered Snake
River sockeye salmon have
been evacuated from a
fl ood-threatened hatchery
in southwestern Idaho.
The Idaho Department
of Fish and Game on
Thursday loaded the fi sh
at the Eagle Fish Hatchery
west of Boise into four
trucks for transportation
to the Springfi eld Fish
Hatchery in eastern Idaho.
The 4,000 fi sh are
broodstock that produce
future generations of
sockeye. Offi cials say
the primary fear was that
fl oodwater would reach
the hatchery’s electrical
pumps that keep oxygen-
ated water circulating.
“I’m relieved,” said Dan
Baker, Fish and Game’s
Eagle Fish Hatchery
manager. “I know they’re
in a safe environment over
there and we can focus
on some critical buildings
here.”
Snake River sockeye
teetered on the brink of
extinction in the early
1990s. They’ve been
the focus of an intense
recovery program centered
at the Eagle Fish Hatchery
after being listed for
federal protection in 1991.
The Boise River is
expected to remain high
for two months as the U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers
releases
water
from
upstream dams to make
room for snowmelt in the
mountains.
Sandbags have been
protecting the Eagle Fish
Hatchery, but Baker said
there are weak spots in
the bank, and moving the
fi sh to a different facility
seemed prudent.
The evacuated include
1-year-olds, 2-year-olds
and 3-year-old fi sh. The
two older age classes have
special tags so they can be
individually identifi ed to
track the genetics of the
population.
The
Eagle
Fish
Hatchery has a lab to
make sure its sockeye have
genetic diversity so future
generations can eventually
sustain a wild population
in Idaho, the ultimate
goal. Adult fi sh returning
from the ocean travel 900
miles up the Columbia,
“I know they’re
in a safe
environment
over there and
we can focus
on some critical
buildings here.”
— Dan Baker,
hatchery manager
Snake and Salmon rivers
to high-elevation Sawtooth
basin lakes in central
Idaho. The hope is that the
hatchery-raised fi sh and the
returning fi sh will spawn.
As a safety net to the
Eagle Fish Hatchery,
another 4,000 sockeye
salmon are used as brood-
stock at NOAA Fisheries’
Manchester
Research
Station in Port Orchard,
Washington, Baker said.
Eggs produced by that
hatchery and Eagle Fish
are sent to the Springfi eld
Fish Hatchery to be
raised into young fi sh
that are released into the
wild. Fish and Game
expects to release about
735,000 young sockeye
into Idaho’s Redfi sh Lake
Creek in about a month.
Gary
Byrne,
who
oversees Idaho Fish and
Game’s hatcheries, said
moving the broodstock
will not interfere with arti-
fi cial spawning in the fall.
He said the broodstock
will likely be back at the
Eagle Fish Hatchery by
then, and if not, they can
be artifi cially spawned at
the eastern Idaho facility.
The
goal
of
a
self-sustaining
wild
population took a hit in
2015 when warm water
in the Columbia River
Basin killed 99 percent
of returning adult fi sh,
with only 55 completing
the journey. A trap at a
Snake River dam captured
another
35
sockeye
salmon. Of the 90 total
fi sh, fi ve were released
to spawn naturally and
85 went to the Eagle Fish
Hatchery for artifi cial
spawning.
The fi sh rebounded in
2016 when 567 sockeye
returned to the Sawtooth
Valley.
BRIEFLY
Oregon man not
cited for picking
up bear cub
SALEM (AP) — State
authorities say a man who
found a 3-month-old black
bear along an Oregon
hiking trail and took it to
a wildlife rehabilitation
center has been warned but
not cited.
KGW-TV reports Corey
Hancock says he found the
cub not moving and barely
breathing Monday. He
then took it to Turtle Ridge
Wildlife Rehab, where the
bear has been nursed back
to health.
Wildlife offi cials say
it’s illegal to take wildlife
out of their habitat, but
Oregon State Police said
Wednesday that Hancock
won’t be punished.
Sgt. James Halsey says
the decision was made
after authorities determined
Hancock believed he
was helping the bear cub
without knowing the
mother bear may have
been nearby.
The cub is now in the
custody of the Oregon
Department of Fish and
Wildlife.