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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View Entire Issue (March 17, 1921)
r lAGE FOUa
DAILY EAST OREGON1AN, PENDLETON, OREGON. THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 17, 1821.
AJJ INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER
Psbllshea Dally and Heml-Weekly, at
Pennlrton. orecon. bv the
Cast ohkooniax puklishino co.
Entered at tha post of flea at Pendle
ton, Oregon, second class am.ll mat
ter. o sale i m cvrnEit CITIES
Imperial Hotel News Stand, Portland,
IV FIl.R AT
Chicago rumu, SOS Security Building.
Waahinetnn, I). C, Bureau (01 Four
teenth rHrect, N. v,
Mrmhrt ! Iha Aaaarlate Preaa.
The Associated Press la exclusively
entitled to tha up for republication of
all ra cUspstenes credited to It or
not otherwise credited In thla paper
ad alto tha local news published herein.
Dully, ona year, by mall ....lfi.0(l
Daily, aix months, by mail suit
lailv, tliree months by mall 1,60
Daily, one month by mall , r ... ,50
Daily, one year by carrier . T.liti
Daily, six monlha by carrier S.7J
Daily, tttrea months by carrier
Daily, one month, by carrier 65
Semi-Weekly, one year by mall 1.00
senn-v eekiy, aix montha by mall 1.0J
Sumi-Wcekly three nioutua by mall .60
Telephone .. ;
SIXLIXi; OP TIIK T1MKS.
(By Frank U Stanton.)
We siilRin' oi de times w'en tie dollars an do dimes; " '
Will be rlngin' Ink do steeples jes' a-rockin wid de chimes;
We" singin' an' we singtn' er de brishl, aweet times
Wen we'll nil go ter glory In tie mawnlu'!
We ntnttln' of de limes w'en de seed'll come tor light.' ' .
IX n" ferfgit it had ter tarry in de lutm an hyK'sonia night; '
Wen de corn'll be a-shakin' of his tassels Itr yo' sight
Wen we'll all go ter .glory in de niau lin'-!
We sincin' er de times w'en de trouble will bo past.
An' we'll run wid every river, though he gwlne mighty fast!
W'en de manna'll fall frum heaven, an' de furst'll be de last
1 Wen we'll all go ter glory in de mnwnin'!
Copyrighted for the East Oregonlan Pub. Co.
THE EFFECT OF LUMBER RATES
NEWS that the Interstate-Commerce Commission has di
.rected a reduction in freight rates on northwest lumber is
fraught with considerable importance to the northwest
territory. ' ,
Since the big rate increases the lumbering interests ojf Ore
iron and Washington have practically been eliminated from
eastern and middle-western markets, being unable to compete
in those territories with southern pine. The result has been a
stagnation in the northwest industry which has been largely
responsible for the recession in our prosperity for it is a well
known fact that whatever affects the lumbering industry of the
northwest affects the general economic condition of our district.
' The reduction in long-haul rates on lumber bught to con
tribute materially to the rehabilitation of the industry. .
As an indication of the prohibitive nature of the rates since
the big increase last year is a statement in thecurrent issue of
Die American Lumberman of Chicago. "One of the most sig-1
nificant developments of the week," this publication says, "was !
the announcement of the sale of several million feet of Douglas j
fir which is to be moved by water via the Panama cabal, un-1
loaded at Philadelphia and then shipped west by rail to Ohio I
points. The water rate on this shipment is to be $15 a thousand
feet and the combined cost of the loading, unloading and back
haul will be considerably less than the amount which would
have been charged for direct rail delivery of the lumber. Water I
transportation is arousing keenest Interest on the Pacific coast
and in view of the high freight rates there is a decided tendency
on the part of the manufacturers to encourage and co-operate in
water shipments to the Atlantic seaboard, from which reship
r.ent by rail and water will be made to the middle west."
The high freight rates have not only operated to shut down
many mills and curtail the output of many others but they have
been responsible for bis losses to the railroads themselves.
Discussing the general conditions of the lumber business,
The American Lumberman goes on to say : .
"There seems to have been some increase in puying this
week and certainly there is a better tone to the market. In the
South in many places an unusually large amount of southern
pine is going into local consumption. Furthermore the export
demand has picked up and several sizable sales have been made
during the week, while one encouraging feature is the fact that
the destinations of these orders are widely scattered. .
' "Seemingly the campaign to stimulate building is having the
desired effect, reports indicating a revival of interest and the
launching of a number of projects,'particularly for the building
of homes. .
"Production of lumber remains light and prices have not
shown any particular change, as advances have been offset, on
the whole, by decreases." ,
THE BATTLE OVER UPPER SILESIA
.ft - t.
ii , V.,. wi v J... '
. -;. V ,''., - .. .:. '.' .v- .r"f. v - '
II II l , tl II IJ II II
ranK j. ionersan
of Portland, Oregon V
Tonight at 7:30
u ' -. ' ' " - l ' I " " " ': ' f ; ;V .-'f
Under the auspices of American Association for the
Recognition of the Irish Republic
-r.- I - V iiiVk"
T tPPer SILESIA, where 2,500,000 Germans and Poles will i
Uvote in a plebiscite on Sunuay, March 20, to determine
whether that province shall remain German or be annexed
to Poland, is a rich stake. The two nationalities are contending
for a territory about 5000 square miles in area or approximate
ly the size of Connecticut. In one year 30,000,000 tons of coal
were mined in Upper Silesia and besides, it has vast deposits of
iron, zinc and lead.
The dispute over its possession which results from the clause
in the Versailles treaty providing for the plebiscite has made
Upper Silesia,.one of the storm centers of Europe. The situation
there for many months has been ter.se with both sides heavily
armed and the possibility of civil war always present. The
Inter-Allied Council of Ambassadors repeatedly postponed the
election which even now seems fraught with grave possibilities.
The los3 of Upper Silesia would be a serious blow to the in
dustrial strength of Germany.
"It would be impossible to carry on the war except for the
resources of Upper Silesia," declared the German Chancellor
von Bethmann Hollweg, in 1917. Assertion that without
Silesia's natural resources, "Germany would not be able to re
deem her pledges or fo work out her own reconstruction" was
emphasized before the Allied Reparations Commission in Lon
don on March 1.
The Germans, since 1740, when Frederick the Great wrested
the country from Poland, have developed the country into one
of the greatest mining and industrial districts of Europe. Ger
many, it is claimed, cannot live witaout its coal. Poland.'strick
t n and devastated, looks to Upper Silesia to save her economic
life and make her a real nation. Hence the bitterness of the
enent struggle ' ' ' '
REDUCE WAGES 8C
HI'OKJkNE. Wah.. Jlurrh 17. Ar
mour & t'u. of Spoltiine. Uxtay reduced
wages of its employe 8 centB tin hour,
ktvordtiut to John M. Van Keeeek,
seneral Manager. Approximately' 2i
tinuloM-a nre affeite.l. 'The reduc
tion went into effect here today and
the mn tire still at work," wild
Id VI U I'AliK IS tT.NTKH
lU'JXVrNU Mar. 1 7. 1 1". H I
issuer Ftrwt rar rntre 'shl
ivnta t.teart 'f ' ton O' un.ier an or.
.w t.u.a Ihi 4ral Jintua Lw
Hie umuwi. .niiun. u ftlalitvJJ
MISS M'SWINEY STATES
CAUSE WOE IN IRELAND
. S.'ARE MAKING
HPOKAXB. iJIarch 17. (t. P.)
Indictmfnt of the American people as
th Indirect eatina of woe In Ireland
wan volotd ly Him Mary M:i8wlney.
iter of the late lord mayor of Cork,
In a atatcnient to the United Presa.
"KitKlanii la maintaining hr ot-eu-fmnry
of Ireland on t'nited Htatea
money." Misw .MacSwIney declared.
Tr'iiiiMi u inn
. . -e Hie tart,
CAUTK1IM.I; CASKS WIIA Ml SOI.W
WA.SHIXOTON", March 17. (A. P.)
Anmmncemi nt of the ante of 38.
Moa.ooii pounds of braaa 'scartri(lKe
raaea vrs made tdtlay by the war de-
nar;mnt. The aale wilt net the (tov-
eroioeot approximately $v per cent cf
tU? tunrkvl value( It wai eylj.
CHICAGO. March 17. (A. P.)
Farmers' organizations of the United
State today are officially consider
ing the moat extensive cooperative
marketing plans in the history of the
Two well developed projects for
handling grain already have been
worked out and are now being pre
sented to farmers. If adopted, they
will go Into effect thla luramer. f t--forts
are being made to unite the two
farm groups concerned pn a single sys
The final ratification meeting f.r
the broader of the plans, which In
cludes the handling of all grain Is et
for April here. The other organiza
tion, which concerns Itself only with
wheat is already signing up member.
On April 1 the first working meet
ing of a national livestock marketing
committee will be held here. Its ob
ject Is to develop a national livestock
marketing plan. .
Coincidental with these two meet
ings, fruit growers of the country will
hold a conference In Chicago, at which
consideration will be given the possi
bility of national cooperative effort.
The national plans for marketing of
wheat and livestock are the culmina
tion of much local and sectional co
operative enterprise already establish
ed by farmers. i
The prime movers In the plans men
tioned are the American Farm Bureau
Federation and the Wheat Growers'
Association of America. Both organ
izations are developments of the last
The "wheat strike" of last year first
attracted attention to the Wheat
Growers' Association, which has ita
headouartars at Wichita, Kan. With
the assistance of Aaron Riplro, a Cal
ifornia marketing expert. It has work
ed nut a system and is pushing a con
tract campalcn In the wheat raising
states. In Kansas effort la being
made to sign up 5s.0O9.0flW' bushels, or
about half the crop. In a wheat pool.
The general grain and livestock
marketing plans are those . In .which
the American Farm Bureau Federa
tion has raken the lend. The federa
tion waa permanently organized only
ft. year Sfjv, n the foundation of lho
connty farm bureaus; already long es
Tha irrain market! ntt Titnn. which
has the federation's support and is toi
l,e nreoentpil tn farmers in the van-
hub states between now- and April 6,
is the outcome of six months? work. It
was drawn up by farmers and other
experts under a committee of IT with
C. H. Oustafson, of Lincoln eb.,
ehnlrmnn As head (it a hlir Cooper
ative organization of farmers In Ne
braska, Mr. Oustafson had already
made a success in this field
The livestock committee appointed
by the American Farm Bureau Feder
ation to devise n national livestock
ni!irketln nlan starts 'with the same
aim as the federation's grain commit
tee, but as it was created later It is
Just getting Into Its labors at th
present time. This Is called tht
"Committee of fifteen."
While the two grairt plans differ In
detail and elasticity, each calls for 'a
national sales agency. Whether the
livestock committee will similarly ad
vise a national livestock commission
sales company Is one of the Questions
before It. fr. Oustafson is also
chairman of this committee and H.
W. Mumford. of the Illinois Agrlcul- !
tural Association la secretary. ' Dr.
Mumford reports there are 6000 co- j
operative -livestock shipping associa-
Hons and haH a dozen, cooperative I
livestock ' commission companies in !
the country. , j
, Cooperative business being transact- j
efl at the present time by farmers runs j
Into the hundreds of millions f dol
lars, according to- figures collected
here. The capital farmers have in
vested fit cooperative- grahl etevntors
totals other million. ' The national
organizing movement has also touch
ed the hundreds of farmer-owned co
operative elevatois, and they recently'
got together 'her In A national con-'
ventfn. . ' "
operative purchasing of supplies
by farmers organizations, prominent
among them the elevators." has made
rapid progress In several statea, far
mers owning coal mines and buying
output of entire factories." .
Legislation to facilitate cooperative
enterprise has been advanced In a
number of legislatures this winter.
i TEV1S IS ACQUITTED
I POHTLAXD, March 17. (U. P.)
The Jury In tho errewW court r turned
a veraict ot not guiuy in ine tt.ow v.
John Tevls who was charged "W)th
breaking his wlfes neck during a
Quarrel. Judg Staplcton criticised the
Jutwrs for 'being tit 24 hours. "You,
should have brought In this verdict in
thirty mlnups." he said.
MkSa ZONA CALK
Wlitthcr Zona Cal has moved
the literary center of the country
from Indiana to Wisconsin la ha
ng du;cURSil to pai-ra of thosa
tales since the aucei'ss of her
"Miss Lulu Uvtl" a uvvct n I
NO'S THK OJff.Y OXE
TIutc' Are Other llViiilkton People
Can lilere be any stronger proof of
fered than tho evidence of Pendleton
residents?" After you have read the
follo-wlag, iuletty answer th qitestlon.
lfarry T. Buchan, farmer. Route 1.
Box (2 K, Pendleton, saya: "Many
years of hard work on the farm weak
ened, nrjr kidneys and caused lame back
some few years ago. When I tried to
lift anything a terrible pain would
catch me In the small of my back and
I couldn't get straightened for aver a
month. The doctor said 1 had lum-t-ngo.
My kidneys acted frequently,
causing me to get tip many times dur
ing the night to pass the sacretlons
which were highly colored, t nai
about Loan's Kidney pills aud two
boxes from Koeppen's Drug more re
lieved the lumbagu frfm my back and
corrected lho kidney action."
Price 60ft at all dealers. Don't
simply ask for a kidney remedy gel
Doah'a Kidney Pills the same that
Mr. Iluchan had, Fnater-Milburn Co.,
Mfrs., BtiCfali't N, , . I
A Tractor That is the Development of Experience.
Tho Western 10-Ton "Caterpillar" Tractor Is a product, not of de
sign, hut of development not bf theory, but ofipractlce not of estl-.
mated capability, but of proved performance. . liolt experience covers
a greater number of years, a. wider variety of condlMuua and a mora .
extentilve use of Its-product than that of any other tractor maniifac
tnrer In the world. That experience. 'concentrated In 'the develop
ment of the nuw Western 10-Ton Tractor, has made a machine that .
is years tn advance of any other, tractor on the market.
You will like this new "Caterpillar" Tractor tho minute you see it '
You'll like its compactness, Its clean smooth lines. Its very appearance
of power,' . . ' . ,
You will like tho full spring mounting of the tractor and the per
fect flexibility of the truck, because you can realize that these lin- ',
portant features completely -relieve the tractor of all Jolts and Jars, '
thus wonderfully increasing its length of life and service. Yotr know, '
too, that the flexllitlity of Its track makes this the only trucior that
can successfully work over checks, levees, ditches and extrcrrte rough '
ground. ' ' . .-..
' Look It .over more carefully and at every point you'll find now feat
ures that will please you. You'll like the way everything Is arranged"
conveniently for tho operator starting crank, controls, lubrication,
etc. You'll like the way everything I completely enclosed from dirt '
and diiHt.lmw eliminating a serious cause of wear.
Look Into It, under It, stddy carefully every detail of Its design and
construction. Then you'll really begin to realise Jhe. supremacy of
Mie machine why Ir excels In power, In operating economy, In long
life and low maintenance coat.
. You can look upon your purchase or a tractor as an expense
that's the wrong way, ond la likely to lead you to the purchase of
Inferior equipment to save In the original purchase price. Of you
cnn look upon It as an Investment that's the right way, and It leads
surely and olMy to the choke of "Caterpillar" ' equipment, for the,
"Caterpillar Trader will do more work and better work over a longer
period of yars,' resulting !n lowest cost per horse-power hour. -
See this new tractor, If you have the opportunity. Or write a let
ter or postcurd to our nearest offlca, asktng for a representative to call
and give you full detajls as to haw this tractor can fit Into your work.
Sturgis & Storie