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About East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current | View Entire Issue (Oct. 30, 1920)
FLLt TEX T OF LEA G lE OF JVA TIONS CO YEN AN
The I!!h Contracting Purlieu, I nt nny mectlne of the Awcmbly or of
In order to, promote International co-Uho Council Khali require the atrree
.operation and 'to achieve Interim-j ment of a! Ithe Member ot the League
tlonal peace nnd aocurlty rcprewnted at tho meeting.
hjf the acceptance or obiiimtfon, not! All matters of procedure nt meeting
io romin iu wur, or tlio Aiwcmbly or of tho Countll. 4n
ty the prescription of open, Jimt and eluding tho appointment of Commit-
lionoraoie reunions iietwcun nations, teen o Investigating particular mat-
by the firm CHtubllHhmont of tho un- tors, shall be regulated by the Awwm-
lorHtandlngs of Internationa! law ax lily or by the Council and may be da.
the actual rule of cynduct among elded by n majority of the Members
Governnlcnte, and . . f tho Lcaijuo represented Ut the meet
by the maintenance of Justice and a Ing. .
scrupulous repoct for all treaty ob. The first meeting of the Assembly
ligations in me ueanngs ot organlz- and the first nioetlno- of the' Council
i ed peoples wnn one anotner, ; Khali tie summoned by the President
Agree to uus luvonani oi ui league or tho United mates of Amorlca,
of Nations. 1 Article 0
. ' Article 1 , , . I The permanent Secretariat (hall be
The original Members of the Lea- established nt the Seat of the League.
(tun oi nununs enun ue inose oi tne i ne Secretariat shall comprise a Secr
fliinatorles' which are named. In the tary Genera! and such secretaries and
Annex to tni covenant and also such staff as may be required
of . those other Mates named In the The first (Secretary Oeneral shall be
Annex as Hlinn arccclo without reserva- the person named In the Annex; there,
tdsi to this Covenant Such ac-cesslon utter tho Secretary General shall be
shall be effected by a Declaration de- appointed by the Council with the ap
pudted with the Secretariat within two proval of tho majority of the Assembly,
months of the coming Into force of Tho secretaries and staff of the Bee
the covenant. Notice thereof sha'i tartat ehalj be appointed by the Sce
ne sent to ull other Members of the rctnry General with tho approval of
league. . the Council. .. , . . , .
Any fully self-governing Ktate, Do- The Secretary General shall act In
minion or Colony not named in the an. that capacity at all meetings of the
nex may become a Member of the Assembly and of the Council
League If Its admission Is agreed to by The expenses of the Secretariat shall
two-thirds of the Assembly, provided be borne by the Members ot the Lea
thai it shall give effective guarantees gue In accordance with the apportion
of Its. sincere Intention to observe Its ment of the expenses of the Interna-,
International obligations, and shall ac- tional llurcau of the Universal Postal
oept such regulations as may bo pre- Union. i
scribed by the League In regard to Its Article T
military, naval and air forces and The Seat of the League la establish-
armaments. ed at Geneva.
Any Member of the League may. The Council may at any time decide
after two years notice of Its Intention that tho Seat cf the League shall be
se to An, withdraw from tho League, established elsewhere.
provided that all Its International ob- AH positions under or In connection
ligations and all Its obligations tinder with the League, Including the Becre
this Covenant shall have been fulfilled tarlat, shall be open equally to men
at the time of Its withdrawal. and women.
Article 2. Representatives of the Member of
The action of the League under this the League and officials of the League
Covenant shall be effected through thoJ when engaged on the business of the
Instrumentality ot an Assembly and of League shall enjoy diplomatic prlvll-
a council. wn a permanent oecro- e?e and immunities.
UriiL Tho buildings and other property oc-
I Article 3 cupled by the League or Its offlciuls or
The Assembly shall consist of Rep-1 hy Representatives attending Its meet-
resentatlves of tho Members of the Ings shall be Inviolable.
League. , Article 8
Tie Assembly shall meet at Mated j The Members ot ttte League recog
Intervals and from time to time os oc-, n'ro that tho maintenance of peace re
caslon may require at tho Sent of thejc.ulre the reduction of national arma
ments to the lowest pqlnt consistent
with national safety and the enforce
ment by common action of Internation
The Council, taking account of the
ceogrtiphloal situation and clrcunv-
doclared a matter of concern to the
whole League and tho 'League shall
take any action that mey be deemed
wise and effectual to safeguard the
poaco of nations. In case any such
emergency should arise the Secretary
Oeneral shall on the request of any
Member of the Iague forthwith sum
mon a meeting of the Council.
It is also declared to bo the friendly
right, of each Member of tho League
to bring to the attention of the As
sembly or of the Council any plrcum-
stanoe whatever affecting Internation
al relations which threatens to disturb
International peace or the good under,
Artlclti 10 ,tulo an ipfpiiry into the elrcnmftunces
Should any Member of the League o the' dispute and recommend auch
resort to wur in disregard of Its coven- action as may seem best and most cf
ants undo Articles 12, IS or 15, it shall fectual In tho circumstances.
Ipso facto de de nied to have commit-1 If a .State so Invited Fhall refuse to
ted an act of wur against ull other accept tho obligations of membership
Kembers of the League, which hereby
undertake Immediately to 'subject it
to the severance of all rra.de or'flnan-
Anliln 19 ...
Kvery tre.ity or iiitern.atlonal en,
gagement entered Intu hereafter by
tho League shnll I
the purpose, of such ' dmpuf, the j U) rj(. t an(, ha1 , wnn M pVible b.
Council may take such meusurvJ an published by . No such treaty or In
rnake m rwom.m,.,,rtii. . 0,111 tf.rrmtu.rinl engagement shall be blnl-
as against the Stute taking such action.
If both parties to tho dispute when r
30 InvitfVl rfllHA t,t nrt'iui thn fihlU'a .
tions of membership In tho League fur onv Member of
standing between nations upon which Wnals of any otbor State, whether a
, Article 12
' The Members of trte League agree
that If there should arise between
them any dispute likely to lead to
rupturo, they will submit the matter
either to arbitration or to Inquire by
the Council, and they agree In no case
to resort to war until three months
after the award by the arbitrators or
the report by the Council.
In any case under this Article the
award of the arbitrators shall be made
within a reasonable time, and the re
port of the Council shall be made
within six months after the submission
of the dispute.
The Members of the League agree
that .whenever any dispute shall arlve
between .them vhlch they recognize to
be suitable for submission to arbitra
tion and which can not be satisfactorily
settled by diplomacy, they will submit
the whole subject-matter to arbitra
Disputes as to the Interpretation
ot a treaty, as to any question of In
ternational law, as to the existence of
any fact which If established would
constitute a breach of any Internation
al obligation, or as to the extent and
nature of, the reparation to be made
for any such breach, are declared to
bo among those which are generally
suitable for submission to arbitration.
For the consideration of any such
dispute the court of arbitration to
which the case Is referred shall be
the Court agreed on by the parties to
Member of tho League or not. 1
It shall be the duty of tho Council
In such case to recommmend to the
several Governments concerned what
effective military, naval or air force
the Members of the League shall
severally contribute to the I armed
forces to be used to protect the cove
nants of the Leagues
Tho Members of the League agree,
further, that they will mutually sup
port one another In resisting any spe
cial measures aimed at one of their
number by the covenant-breaking
Slate, and that they will take the
necessiTy steps -to afford ; passage
through their territory to the forces of
any of the Members of the League
which 'are cooperating to protect thel
covenants of the Lengue. I
Any member of the League which'
has violated any covenant of the Lea- j
gue may be declared to' be no longer j
1 Member of the League by a vote of I
the Council concurred in by the Rep-j
rcsentatlvos of all tho othet Members;
of the League represented thereon.
i n ued nn page
in tho 1-aguo for tne purpose of such
dispute, and shall resort to war strainM
a Member of thn r. ni-n,. 1 , ,.,. prevent Hostilities ami wilt result In . ing until so registered.
ivmi-ioiin, low iHuuiwiir... . no in- "i'mim oi jiriirio i fi snail be arf'iicabp maiicinc.ni oi mo (impale, )
iciuuiiinu miiwrni ui.:u nuuiniuilf U,KJ
the nntiomils of the covenant-breaking
State, and the prevention-of all flnan-isnB
clal, commercial or personal Inter
course between .the nationals of thei
covenant-breaking State and tho
Umatilla County Herd Law
Vote Yes 322
In the event of a dispute between;
Member of tho League and a state !
which is not a Member of the League.
or between States not Members of the
League, the State or States not Mem- j
bera of tho League shall be invited to'
accept the obligations of the member-1
ship tn the League for the purposes of J
such dispute, upon such conditions, as
the Council may deem Just. If such j
Invitation is accepted, the provisions!
of articles 12 to 1J inclusive shall be I
Umatilla County Farmers who are interested in the passage of a just and equitable
herd law .desire to call attention of all farmers and the voters of Umatilla County
generally, to the Umatilla County Herd law which will be found unon the ballot
! A herd law was enacted by the 1919 legislature. Much objection was raised to
it. Laher the Attorney General of Oregon, in a written opinion, held it was uncon
stitutional. We desire to say that the herd law which is to be voted upon November
2 is not the herd laV' which was held unconstitutional. It is a law initiated in Umatilla
County by Umatilla County farmers and taxpayers to be applied to Umatilla County
alone. It has no criminal feature; that is to say: nobody will be arrested, fined or
jailedfor its violation.
The greit majority of the voters of the towns and cities are not directly inter
ested in a herd law. The taxpayers and farmers outside of the city boundaries are
interested. We feel that because we want a fair law enacted that the peo-"
pie in town, the laborer, the mechanic, the business man, professional man and all.
others should vote in favor of the law that we desire. We therefore ask our friends
to vote 322 yes. i i - v..
Endorsed and recommended by the following farmers and taxpayers:
the dispute or stipulated in any con-, applied with such modifications
League or at' auch other place as may
be decided upon. .. .
To Assembly may deal at Its meet
ings with any matter within the sphere
of action of the Le.-isue or affeotlng
the peace ot the world
At meetings of tho wwy earn, stances or eacn Htate. snau lormuimo
Member of the League shall have onej plans for such reduction for the con-
nt. and mov hv not more than siderntlon and action or tne several
Anli lei 4
The Council shall consist of Repre
rcntatives of the Principal Allied nnd
Associated Powers, together with Rep
resentatives of four other Members of
the League. These four Members of
the League shall be selected by the
Assembly from time to time In its dis
cretion. Until the appointment of the
Representatives of tho Tour Members
of the League first selected by the As
rembly. Representatives of Belgium.
Brazil, Spain and Groeco shall bo mem
bers of the Council.
With tho approval or the Majority
ef the Assembly, the Council may
name additional Members of tho Lea
gue whose Representatives shnll al
ways bo members of the Council; the
Council with llko approval may In
crease the number of Members of tho
League to be selected by the Assembly
for representation on the Council.
The Council shall meet from time to
time as occasslon may require, and at
least once a year, at the Seat of the
Leagae, or at such other place as mas
be decided upon.
The Council may deal st Its meeting
with any matter within the sphere of
action of the Lengue or affecting the
peace of the world.
Any Member of the league not rep
resented cm the Council shall be Invlt
ed to send a Representative to sit as
a member at any meeting of the Coun
cil during the consideration of matters
specially affecting the Interests of tha.
Member of tho League. ,
At" meetings of tho Commc'I, each
Member of tho league represented on
the Council shall have one vcte, and
may have not more tjia.i una Repre
Except when otherwise expressly
proveded In this Covenant or by tne
S;irh plans shall be subject to recon
sideration and revision at least every
After theso plans shall have been
adopted by tho several Governments,
the limits of armaments therein fixed
shall not bo exceeded without the con
currence of the Council.
Tho' Members of the League agree
that the manufacture, by prlvaU en
terprise of munitions and Implements
of war is open to grave objections. The
Council shall advise how the evil ef
fects atlenditnt upon such manufac
ture can bo prevented, due regard be
ing had to tho necessities of those
Members ot the League which are not
able to manufacture the munitions
nnd implements of war necessary for
Tho Members ot the. League under
take to Interchange full and frank In
formation as to tho sense of their
armaments, their military, naval and
air programs and tho condition of
such ot their industries as are adapt
able to warlike purposes.
A permanent Commission shall be
constituted to advise the Council on
the execution ot the provisions of
Article 1 and g and on military, naval,
and air questions generally.
The Members of the League under
take to respect and preserve as against
external aggression tho territorial In
tegrity and existing political indepen
denee of ail Members of the League.
In case of any such aggression or !n
cone of any threat or danger of such
aggression tho Council shall advise
upon tho moans by which this obllga-,
Hon shall bo fuulfliled.
vention existing between them.
The Membera of the League agree
that they will carry out In full good
faith any award that may be render
ed, and that they will not resort to wur
against a Member of the League which
complies therewith. In the event of
any failure to carry out such an award
the Council shall propose what steps
should be taken to glvo effect there
Artlckj ii '. . '
The Council shall formulate and
submit to the Members of the League
for adoption plans for the establish
ment of a Permanent Court of Inter'
national Justice. Tthe Court shall be
competent to hear and determine any
dispute of an international character
which tho parUea thereto submit to It.
The Court may also give an advlstory
opinion upon any dispute or question
referred to it by the Council or by tht
Assembly. ,. ' . ' '
, Article 15
If thoro should arise between Mem
bers of the League any dispute likely
to lead to a rupture, which Is not sub.
mltted to arbitration In accordance
with Article IS, th Members, of the
League agree that they will submit
the. matter to the Council. Any party
to the dispute may effect such submis
sion by giving notice of the existence
of the dispute to tho Secretary Gen-
oral, who will make all necessary ar
rangements for a full Investigation and
For this purpose the parties to the
dispute will communicate to the Secre
tary General, as promptly as possible,
statements of their case with all the
relevant facts and papers, nnd the
Council may forthwith direct the pub
The Council shall endeavor to effect
a settlement ot tho dispute, and If
such efforts are successful, a statement
shall be made public giving such facts
and explanations regarding Mie pis
pute and tho terms of settlement there
of as the Council may deom appro
If the dispute Is not thus settled, the
Council either unanimously or by n
majority vote shall make and publish
a report containing a statement of the
tacts of the dispute and the recom
mendations which are deemed Just and
proper In regard therto. r
Any Member of the League rcpre
may be deemed
Upon such Invitation being given
the Council shsll immediately rnstl.
MARION JACK, PEN'DLETOX. OREGON
CARL ENGDAIfL. HELIX. OREGON
GEORGE STRAND, PENDLETON, OREGON
M. S. WATTS. ATHENA. OREGON ,
J. F. McNAUGHT. HERMISTON, OREGON '
V. J. KIRK, MILTON.-OREGON
A. R. COPPOCK, ATHENA, OREGON
K. O. WARN Ell. PILOT ROCK. OREOON
J. A. OfDERIAX, PILOT ROCK, OREGON?
G. U DUNNING, fcTANFIELD, OREGON
E. P. JENSEN. FRBEWATER. OREGON
It. E. BEAN. MILTON. OREGON
J. P.'SLOVER, FREE WATER, OREGON
HERBERT BOYLEN. SR., PILOT ROCK, ORE.
terms of the present Treaty, decisions hers nt the Ix-ngne or not. Is nereny
S. A. MILLER
Ttepiiblieaii Nominee for
(j mat Ilia Comity . "
I have resided in Umatilla County for the
nast 48 vears...
Your Support Appreciated.
nv w,.r or threat of war, whether isented on the Council may make pub-
iinniedlatery affecting any ot tne niein-ino a statement, oi ure incis oi mo uio-
puto ana oi its conclusions resiumiis
If a report by the Council is unani
mously agreed to by the members
thereof other than the Representatives
of one or more of the psrttes to the
dispute, tho Members of the League
agree that they will not go to war with
any party to the dispute which com
plies with the recommendations of the
report, . . ! ,
If the Council falls to reach a report
which is unanimously agreed tn by tho
members thereof, other than tho Rep
resentatives ot one or more 'of- the
parties to the dispute, the Members of
the Lcaguo reserve to thomsclvcs the
right to take such action at they shall
o I shnll consider necessary for the tnatn
O tenance of right and Justice. '
It the dispute between the parties is
claimed by one of them, and la found
by the Council, to arise out of. a mat
ter which by International law Is solely
with the domestic Jurisdiction of that
party, tho Council shall so report, and
shall make no recommendation as to
The Council may In any case under
this Article refer the dispute to tho
Assembly. The dispute shall be so re
ferred at the request of cither party to
the dispute, provided that such request
be made within fourteen days after the
submission of the dispute to the Coun
In any case referred to the Assem
bly, all the provisions of this Article
and of Article 12 relating to the action
nnd powers of the Council shall apply
to the action and powers ot tho Assem
bly, provided that a report made by
O the Assembly, if concurred In the Rep-
i rcsentatlvos of those Members of tho
league represented on the Council nnd
of a majority of tho other Members of
the League, exclusive In each case of
the Representatives of the parties to
the dispute, shall have the same force
at a report by the Council concurred
In hy nil the members .thereof other
" m is
BEAuTf WEDS WEALTHT OMAHA STUDEEff ' Ov I y YfA
mwm-msEBm A iY-r' . "fit
v i--::L$ ; your wash will Sparkle i
rl tV ' :,x " ' f - WITH CLEANLINESS ' . W
1 1 j ' ; ' - -J'."t yN YOUR HANDS WILL BE SOFT lj,
Zi f ' ' " ' V V. v 'v. ' ' AND WHITE '
J I " - . jyi AND YOUR CLOTHES WILL BE U
ST : V - l ' : A:t FIRST ON THE LINE
i v, : -;!t71: When You Use
Wr' -fVK.. - -M BORMS0AP CHIPS
Mk"-- 'er t'ilifi I "ITS THE BORAX IN Sll - li
U J. L --.tt-- S t-- - - , El &8 H;-Tirt.HS M II I '
" 1 --- -- H gS5 1 j-i
..? l7"i u0 mrr1aPe of Rsle- Qtilnn, one cf the stars ot
the Midnight Rouuders" at the Century Theater in New York ami
LowU Burgess. Princeton student, son ot Ward Burgess, wealthy
Omaha merchant, last summer, has just been revealed. Bitkbss
Drought his bride home and announced to the family they hart bD
. married smoo last July., Mrs. Ward Bargcsa i3 a leader in ocuJ
FiTZSiMMONS GOES OUT
tv'KW YORK, (lot. SO. (A. r.
Wlllio Jackf on of New Vorl; score I, a
knockniit (Vcr Kiidit Ktzsmiiions ot
New- York, In the ;0!h round of a 15-
round match nt iladison Square Cur
den lc&t r.iijht.
Referee-pill Brown stopped the con
test with Fiusimmqns hanging. -m tl:e
lower rop thft-te!l bounded em
ended the round. The two boxers
were among tho foremost contenders
for the world's lightweight champion
ship and it was understood that the
A-iiituT w-jrhi niett Ff nily Le;ma;d,
"ITS THE BORAX IN
THE SOAP THAT
DOES THE WORK."
That Spare- Tire
he:i rliil you use ,nur ,pare lire
list? If It's been a lonj time, take
it ivft the back end of your car and
Kive it wimp service. Too much rest
is harmful to it. Above nil, see that
the tire Is kept Inflated and that it is
securely fastened In its holder. K it's
loose the friction against tho holders
may wear it out before it has Ron a
Quality PRINTING at Reasonable Prices
East Oregonian Printing Department
CHRISTMAS may seem a loner wav off but we fM
S arc already making pictures to be used as Christmas S j
A i rj "
Aune Wheeler Studio
222 E. Alta rhor.e533
Cabaret Dancing very Evening; at the
Basement St. George Hotel
"' Come and dance to your heart's content
amid the most favorable surroundings. .
thnn the Representatives of" one" or
Buwe of the patios to the dlsjnils,
uuuu u ! e li e u f ii.i u s i h him ii ii a u i ii n 'u.t.u t u i n i u u n.i.ik nu ti
4 Ml ft-ft-.ft - ft. M tMAAi 4A ft-A4k-lfc ft.. 4