East Oregonian : E.O. (Pendleton, OR) 1888-current, July 22, 1915, DAILY EVENING EDITION, Page PAGE SIX, Image 6

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' I U 1 V . III M
HE SOUTH Will Diversify
Crops, Feed Herself, Have
Something to Sell Every
Week in the Year and Keep
More Than One Billion
Dollars at Home Diver
sification Means More
Cotton on Less Acreage.
Charles W.
Every Crop May Fail One Year;
One Crop May Fail Every Year;
But Every Crop Will Not Fail
Every Year.
' Ths South Will Feed Herself."
I"hese significant words, full of action
feed determination, have been chosen
La a motto bj many of the cotton
trowing 8 tales which have come to
iTealirp the warning spoken by the far
Being humanitarian and statesman,
; Henry w. Grady, nearly forty years
(ago. that: 1
! "To mortgage our farms In New
lYork for money with which to bay
i -t and brrad from outside sources
. ot good business.
' .".Tien every farmer In the South
tread from his own field, meat
i bis own pasture, vegetables' from
I ; own garden, fruit from his own
.".-. hard, and butter and milk from
'l is ov.n dairy; raring for his crops in
Ibis owu wisdom aiid growing tnem In
Independence; making cotton a sur
plus crop and sel!:ng it in his chosen
i market; in bis own time, for cash
and rot for a rfceipted mortgage
Ithen the South will begin to realize
the fullness of her opportunities."
Advantages of the South,
i The South lias many advantages as
an Agricultural and Live Stock Coun
try. There is a ready market with
high frices for beef, dairy and poultry
products, and grain; land is cheap;
the climate is mild; the South has a
long growing season two and some
times three crops can be produced on
the same soil during the same year;
ithe South is adapted to the growing
t'f a variety of hay and forage crops
'loot crops, corn, oals. and other
grains. Beef can be produced a', a
i 1' sa cost than in the northern states,
la the South tl.e rainfall is abun
dant; everywhere there are streams j
t- n J springs, Mch are of great benefit
to the stockman.
The people of the South are awaken
ing to the opiKjrtuuities offered by
, the.se natural advantages.
South Developing Rapidly.
Fanners, bankers, and merchants
re actively engaged in organizing
plans to meet the problems wbicu are
confronting them. The cattle tir k. the
other words, raising a living at hom
Instead of buying it from outside mar
kets. Ia fact the South la undergoing!
an agricultural revulsion. It took insect 1
enemies and crop failures to make the
people of the North realize the errors
of a one-crop system; it has taken the
boll weevil and a war of nations to im
press this fact upon the people of the!
South that a one-crop system will Inw
poverish any country and will lmpov-4
erisb as well, -the people who are liv
ing on its farms.
It Is only through diversification of
crops and the using of our energies
every day in the year that we can 1
make a great, rich country and
strong, prosperous people. It is bard
to change old established methods, but
the people of the South are changing
rapidly from the one-crop system to
that of diversified farming the grow
ing of legume crops to enrich the soil
and give it life and humus; the grow
ing of live stock, grains, and other
crops, and cotton as well. The produc
tion of cotton in the South will be In
creased under a system of diversified
The Great Forward Movement
This great forward movement in ag
ricultural development is forcibly em
phasized by activities of all interests
In the South. Many states have effect
ed permanent organizations to conduct
educational campaigns for the Im
provement of agriculture and com
merce. Oklahoma, Arkansas , Ala
bama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tex
as have been unusually active. Mis
sissippi realized the great need of real
constructive work along agricultural
line more than a year ago, and a
"Grown in Mississippi" campaign, cov
ering the whole Ftate, was the result.
A "Grown In Mississippi" week was
set aside In 8,000 schools of the state,
and for one week during last Novem
ber, 750,000 school children studied
grown In Mississippi products. Louisi
ana was covered with a "Billion
Bushel" Corn Train; with thirty agri
cultural lecturers, Oklahoma covered
seventeen counties in the eastern por-
enemy of diversified farming, is being j lion of tiJ(S g,ae reaching 28.000 farm
mccessfully lontrolled by eJec'ive i , rs ar,d bjsinoss men; Alabama is
uropaigns conducted over the er.tire ,,ow conducting a state-wide crop di
Hooth by the l'nit-d States Depart- versification cim;.tign which will ton
irneut of Animal Industry in co-opera tmue for thirty-five days, reaching a
t'oa with the people. The Wl uvll i Uundrcd tbojjand jwople. All of
U giving ay to tlio introduction of .these activities have been great co
rracUra! systems of crop rotation. operative movements directed by P. O.
'V.iiltous of acres of hill land are being j nidCn uf tbe Agricultural Extension
seeded to Bermuda and otter grasses ; Department of the International Har
w blch serve the double purpose of pro- j venter Company. These educational
vidlng pasture for live stock and pre- campaigns have revealed an lmpres
vtttUiijj tbe soil from washing. Lespe- lve lesson. ,
4ea. Eur Clover, Japan Clover. Soy
l'flmns, Cowpeas, Sweet Clover, Alfalfa.
The Turning of the Worm.
nd Velvet Deans are grown in abun- lur,"" ' orra ,D r"
;.l0ce for bay. Recent demonstrations kanB6s br"ullt ,he people of that
how that Soudan grais is an abun
dant crop In nearly every sertion of
the South.
Cringing In Breeding Stock.
A the quarantined lire tiKves
t-nu(U, ei rub and Uck-tnfeMrd tattls
re rfplm-ia by th.TJUKhbrtd breeding
i.k. The people have begun to real
liu (he grin! ii(toiiiir mvIiik In tbe
. induclioa of fojOJtuli at Lou."; iu
state face to face with a most aston
ishing economic problem.
Karly in November, 1914, Governor
Hays of Arkansas, the Little Rook
Chamber of Commerce, 17. S. Depart
m"M of Aj;rl ullure, State Bankers'
Association, rtailroads, State Depart
n.etit cf Agriculture and many other
imminent ir'erests of the state In
vited Terrv G Helriet) tn eome to AT
l.a:,sas and direct a state wide educa-
4 r"
1 -i
tional campaign there. Investigation
proved that Arkaniias was Bunding an
nually $75,000,000 ent of th state for
the purchase of food products in the
way of packing house products com,
flour, cereals, canned vegetables, and
fruit, feed for stoek, and other home
necessities, which could be more
cheaply produced at home. Just $11,
000,000 more than the Arkansas Cot
ton Crop brought in 1913.
Conduct Educational Campaigns.
ProesBor Holden with a staff of
thirty competent, practical lecturers,
began the organization work in this
great movement early In November.
The campaign was Inaugurated and
carried on for a period of 35 days;
1,700 meetings were held In 42 dif
ferent counties, covering the entire
cotton belt of tbe state. It was the
greatest agricultural campaign ever In
augurated In a state. The busi
ness men did not ask the farm
ers to come to town to hear tbe
lectures, but In 500 different com
muriltles throughout the territory cov
ered, campaign committees were or
ganized nd pntomnbllei! and bugg'eii
were donated to the sneakers bv the.
of LcGlric CROPS
: nwim Kim .-. . : -
ncoule to carry them out into the coun-. soon raised and today hundreds of
try to hold meetings on tlw farms. The i boys an4 girls bar been financed by
campaign was carried to the people, I the business men of Arkansas, and are
tbe people did not come to the cam
paign. It was the HoWen Plan of go
ing to the farm homes, making a study
of the conditions as they existed on
each individual farm, discussing the
problems, and assisting each Individ
ual acordlng to bis needs. 137,0QO
people beard the gospel of diversified
farming. During this campaign Iro
fessor Holden said: "I do not know of
any one tbing that will do more to
make Arkansas a greste. .tats than
for the business men to finance every
boy and girl in the state to buy a pig,
a calf, and some chickens.
Pl;i on Every Fcrm.
After the cnmt nijn wns ovrr this :
plua was followed out, $10,ClJ vai
purchasing pigs, calves, and chickens
as fast as tbe transactions can be
made. It is the first step into a prac
tical system of diversified farming,
and It is being put Into practice by the
school children of the state.
The activities of Arkansas spread
rapidly into Texas, where a fifteen-day
campaign was put on covering nearly
all of the black belt from Port Worth,
Dallas, and Waco, to Houston and San
Antonio. Fifteen counties wore cov
ered and E20 meetings were held. In
a single county, 8$ meetings were put
on In one d;iy by Professor Holden's
cert s of agricultural workers aug
mented by lociil speakers furnished by
the University of Texas, Biiylor Col
lege, lcii.3 Industrial Corr,ix33, U. 3-
Department of Agriculture, and other
ea-operatlve agencies.
The- campaign was Inaugurated In
Templet Texas, under tbe direction of
the Temple Chamber of Commerce.
40 speakers were engaged in active
field work. These men were divided
Into twenty crews. In each crew was
school man who handled the rural
schools, and educational Institutions,
and on practical agriculturist who
poke to tbe farmers. Two thousand
people laid aside all other plans and
took active part, serving on commit
tees and otherwise devoting their time.
money, and energy to the work.
Lecturers Ride Mule4aek.
Italn and bad roads did not discour
age these determined educators. Mules
were enddled and prensed Into service
when vchlrlrs could not be pulled
thrcujh tho c:uJ. S,"0C pccplo at-
tended the meetings. 200,000 pi
of literature were distributed. A
fill analysis of the statistics lirn"
that Texas was sending over $2Cv uOt,
600 annually to Northern and Easier
markets for feed and food products. It
was plain to tbe business men that
such an enormous drain on the wealth
creating resources of the state greatly
retarded its development It was
found that If every farmer In Texas
had a few chickens on bis farm and
marketed 10 dozen of eggs every week
m the year, the amount of money re
ceived annually in the combined sale,
at 20 cents a dozen, would amount to
over $60,000,000 nearly half as much
money as the whole South asked In
its appeal for federal aid to finance
distressed cotton growers.
Investigation proved that le required
nearly 15 bales of cotton at 9 cents a
pound to purchase one hundred bush
els of sweet potatoes put ap In tin
eana, and the potatoes could be pro
duced on one acre of land, while it
required from 20 to 25 acres of land
to produce tbe cotton, yet thousands
of dollars were sent to northern mar
kets every year for canned sweet po
tatoes. People began to wonder II
Texas could not raise sweet potatoes
Will Abandon One-Crop 8ystem.
When these facts were- put squarely
beforo the farmers and business men,
they quickly saw the folly of raising
nothing but cotton and buying all ol
their feed and foodstuffs from foreign'
markets. Cankers began to offer
credit to those who wished to go into
tbe live stock business and Texas fol
lowing the plan of Arkansas began the
organization of Pig and Poultry clubs
Money Is loaned, at the rate or (
per cent Interest per year and the boys
and girls are to be directed In their
work of raising pigs and poultry by
the t'nlted Btatw Government Agent
and the bankers, and business men will'
be repaid from the net earning coming
from tho Investment.
The result of these campaigns
proves that the agricultural and com
mercial possibilities of the South are
almost beyond conception; that the
states soutk of the Mason A Dixon lint
can produce enough, foodstuffs to meet
all bom needs with a surplus suffl
dent to feed a large part ol the world;
that Texas Is sending over $109,900,001
annually to northern markets for the
purchase of food products which can
be produced more sbuadajitly and mors
cheaply at home; that (or tbe sami
purpose Arkansas la sending away
$75,000,000 annually; Alabama, $90,
000,000; Oklahoma, $$.000,000; and
that tbe same facts obtain la the other
states. Tbe 8outh la sending over
one billion dollars of bard oath away
from tbe South annually, every dollar
of which should be placed la Its own
banks. And this Is why the South la
determined to feed herself.